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MATHEMATICS FORM ONE

Topic 1

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What is whole numbers?


Whole numbers are numbers that start with 0, 1, 2, 3, until infinity and are without negative sign or decimal numbers.
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Place Value & Digit


The place value and digit value of any number can be determined. Example:Number: Place Value : Digit Value 246 tenth 40 56 271 thousandth 6000

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ROUND OFF NUMBERS


When we estimate a number, we are actually giving an approximation of the number. Estimations may involve the process of rounding off the number to the required place value.
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Round 0ff 628 782 to the nearest,

a) ten thousand b) thousand


c) hundred

630 000 >________ 629 000 >________


628 800 >________

600 000 d) hundred thousand >________


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Calculations Operations
IMPORTANT FORMULA
There are 4 operations:
1. Addition ..( + ) 2. Subtraction.( - ) 3. Multiplication..( x )
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4. Division.( )
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Examples:
Addition: Subtraction:

7 243 + 2 148 9 391


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95 371 - 53 729 41 642


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Division: Multiplication 1 284 6 382 4 4 736 X 41 44 6 382 33 +255 280 32 261 662 16 16
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COMBINATIONS OF OPERATIONS

Combination of two operations ( + and - , or X and )


Calculations involving addition and subtraction are done from left to right. Calculations involving multiplication and division are also done from left to right.

Ex: 89 - 17 + 3 =72 + 3 1/15/2013 =75

Ex: 45 15 x 8 =3 x 8 Copyright Reserved =24

COMMON ERRORS

To calculate based on a correct principle of calculation. Example: 216 + 412 4 =


INCORRECT (216 + 412 ) 4 = 628 4 = 157 Addition operation should not be done 1/15/2013 first.

CORRECT 216 + (412 4)


= 216 + 103

= 319
Start with division operation before Copyright Reserved addition operation.

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Smart Study Tips


Steps: 1. Starts with the calculation in the brackets if any. 2. Continue with x and from left to right. 3. Continue with + and operation from left to right.
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Principle Of Calculation
(a) 22 -7 x15 5 +7 =22-(105 5) +7 =22 - 21 + 7 =8 (b) 17+ (8 x 9 - 4)2 =17+ (72 - 4) 2 =17 + (68 2) =17 + 34 =51

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USE OF A CALCULATOR

Example :
Find out and display the answer.

81 x (234 + 26) - 256 4


The answer is______________
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20 996

Vocabulary
Whole number, infinity, negative sign, decimal numbers, place value, digit value, round off, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, combination operation, order of operation.
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