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4.

04 Understand the Functions and Disorders of the

ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

4.04 Understand the Functions and Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

What are the functions of the endocrine system?


What are some disorders of the endocrine system? How do you relate the bodys hormones to the endocrine system?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM Glands Hormones

What do they do?


Target Organ/Cells

What do they do?


How do they get to where they need to go?

What are they?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM


Glands secrete hormones
Hormones

What are they?

What are some examples of target organs/cells?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

Hormone Control
Nervous System

Sympathetic nervous system: How does it effect the endocrine system?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

Hormone Control
What is negative feedback?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM Adrenal cortex


Corticoids:
What is the function of corticoids?

Androgens:
What do androgens do? Who has them?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

Adrenal medulla
Epinephrine:
How does epinephrine effect the body?

Norepinephrine:
Compare epinephrine to norepinephrine.

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

Gonads
Ovaries (female)
Estrogen:
What does it do?

Progesterone:
What does it do?
Compare the function of estrogen to progesterone.
4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM Gonads

Testes (male)
Testosterone:
What is the function of testosterone?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM Parathyroid Glands

Parathormone
What does parathormone do?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM Pancreas (Islets of Langerhans)


Insulin

What does insulin do?


What factors influence its production? What is its relevance to your health?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

Pituitary Gland (Master Gland)


Two Lobes (Anterior and Posterior)
4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM


Pituitary gland
(Anterior Lobe) Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
What is the function of ACTH?

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)


Discuss the function of FSH.
4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM


Pituitary gland
(Anterior Lobe) Growth hormone
What does it do?

Luteinizing hormone (LH)


What does it do?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM


Pituitary gland (Anterior Lobe) Prolactin
What is the function of prolactin?

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)


What is the function of TSH?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM Pituitary gland


(Posterior Lobe)

Vasopressin
What does it do?

Oxytocin
What does it do?
4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

Thymus Gland
T-lymphocyte production What are they? What do they do?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

Thyroid Gland
Thyroxine What does thyroxine do? Calcitonin

What is the function of calcitonin?


4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM


Adrenal Cortex

Addison's disease
What is the cause of Addisons disease?
What are the most common symptoms of Addisons disease? How is Addisons disease treated?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM


Before

Adrenal Cortex

Cushing's Syndrome
What is a syndrome? What are some common symptoms of Cushings syndrome? How is Cushings syndrome treated? Compare the before and after pictures at the right.
4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

After

Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM


Adrenal Glands

Steroid Abuse in Sports


What are the risks?
Males Females

Why is it illegal?
4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM


Pancreas

Diabetes Mellitus
What is the normal blood sugar range? What are the most common symptoms?

Define these terms:


polyuria polyphagia

polydipsia

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

Pancreas

Diabetes Mellitus (Type I)


How is it treated?
What age group is most commonly effected?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM


Pancreas

Diabetes Type II
Compare Type I to Type II diabetes How is Type II diabetes treated? Discuss some of the complications of diabetes? Why does this happen?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

Pituitary Gland

Acromegaly
Compare acromegaly to gigantism. How is acromegaly treated?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM


Pituitary Gland

Growth Hormone Deficiency


(childhood)
What are some common symptoms? How is it treated?

Why is important to treat it early?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM


Pituitary Gland

Gigantism
What causes gigantism? What are the symptoms? How is it treated?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM


Parathyroid

Tetany
(hypoparathyroid):
What are the symptoms? What are the treatments?

Discuss complications of tetany.


4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM


Thyroid Gland

Hyperthyroidism
What does hyper- mean? Discuss the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. How is it treated?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM


Thyroid Gland

Hypothyroidism
Compare hypo- to hyper-. Discuss the symptoms of hypothyroidism. How is it treated?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system

4.04 Understand the Functions and Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM


What are the functions of the endocrine system? What are some disorders of the endocrine system? How do you relate the bodys hormones to the endocrine system?

4.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the endocrine system