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Essential Questions

What What How How

are the functions of the urinary system? are some disorders of the urinary system?

are disorders of the urinary system treated? do you relate the bodys hormone control to

the urinary system?

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

Functions:
Excretion Formation Fluid

of urine

and electrolyte balance

Elimination

of urine

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

Functions:
Excretion Formation Fluid

of urine

and electrolyte balance

Elimination

of urine

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

Excretion
What Why

is excretion?

does the body have excretory functions?

What

is the composition of wastes excreted by

the urinary system?


How

is it relevant to health?

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

Filtration

Reabsorption

Secretion
4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

Blood from renal artery enters glomerulus High pressure in glomerulus forces fluid into Bowmans capsule, where it is filtered

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

BOWMANS CAPSULE

Bowmans

capsule filters out 125cc of fluid/min. how many ccs per hour is this? As the filtrate continues through nephron, 90% of water is reabsorbedwhat would happen if reabsorption here failed?

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

What substances are Where do they go?

reabsorbed?

If

blood levels of certain substances are high, the substances will not be reabsorbed. How does this help maintain homeostasis?

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

What is secretion? Describe how this process is the opposite of reabsorption.

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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What

substances are secreted into the collecting tubules?

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Fluid and electrolyte balance


Electrolytes

are selectively secreted to maintain bodys acid-base balance.


What are electrolytes?
What do they do? What is the relevance to health?

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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Fluid and electrolyte balance Chemical control


ADH Aldosterone

Nervous control

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Fluid and electrolyte balance Chemical control


ADH Antidiuretic hormone Aldosterone

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Fluid and electrolyte balance


Chemical control
ADH

is released by the posterior pituitary gland What is the function of ADH (antidiuretic hormone)?

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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Fluid and electrolyte balance


Chemical control
The

amount of ADH produced is related to the level of body hydration What factors regulate the release of ADH?

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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Forming more dilute urine: Define dilute urine


What

are diuretics? What effect do they have on the production of urine? Give examples of substances that have diuretic effects.

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Fluid and electrolyte balance


Chemical control

Aldosterone
Where

does it come from? What does it do? Aldosterone release is the result of the reninangiotensin system. What does this mean?

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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Fluid and electrolyte balance

What effect does this cycle have on your blood pressure?


4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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Fluid and electrolyte balance Nervous control


How

does the nervous system control urinary secretions? What other systems are involved in the production and excretion of urine?

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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Review urine formation, electrolyte exchange, and some factors that effect urine volume.

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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What

do you predict will happen to blood pressure when the blood volume increases? if blood volume decreases?

What

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If

more water is reabsorbed back into the body---what will happen to urine concentration? (more or less concentrated?)

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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Elimination of urine
What causes the bladder to empty? Is this a voluntary or involuntary action? What can prevent urination? How is urinary retention treated?

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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Elimination of urine Urinary output


Average urinary output = 1500 ml per day *How many ounces is this?
What effects the color of your urine?

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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An examination of urine
What

does normal urine look like? What constitutes an abnormal urinalysis?

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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Cystitis
What

is cystitis (cyst= medical term for ____ +itis =___ )

Most What

common cause: E. Coli are the major symptoms of cystitis?

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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Cystitis
More

common in femalesWhy ??

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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Glomerulonephritis Disease which injures the glomerulus.


What

will happen as a result of damaged glomeruli?


4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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Glomerulonephritis
Two

types:

Acute Chronic
Define
How

these terms.

do these terms relate to glomerulonephritis symptoms? is the prognosis for each?


4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

What

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Renal calculi
Also known as nephrolithiasis

nephro lith iasis


What are renal calculi made of? What are the symptoms?

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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Renal calculi
What

will happen if the ureters are blocked?

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Renal calculi
How

is it treated?

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Renal calculi How does lithotripsy work? Is it a cure?

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Renal failure Acute What causes it?


What are the symptoms?

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Renal failure chronic May be none in early stages, urinalysis may reveal proteinuria
Why

would protein be present in the urine? is this not normal?


4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

Why

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Renal Failure
Chronic

kidney disease leads to a buildup of fluid and waste products in the body.
are these systems affected by renal failure?

How

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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Renal Failure
How

is it treated? Peritoneal dialysis


What is the process

involved in this treatment?

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Renal Failure
How

is it treated? Hemodialysis What is hemodialysis? What determines the patients treatment schedule?

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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Renal Failure Compare the treatment of acute and chronic renal failure.

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How does hemodialysis mimic glomerular function?

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Renal transplant
What

is involved in this treatment option? When does a patient get a transplant?

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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Renal transplant

What is the major complication of renal transplantation?


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Essential
What What How How

Questions

are the functions of the urinary system? are some disorders of the urinary system?

are disorders of the urinary system treated? do you relate the bodys hormone control to

the urinary system?

4.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the urinary system

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