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ABSTRACT

THE PROJECT IS BASED ON DESIGN OF

AUTOMATIC PICK AND PLACE WHICH IS CONTOLLED BY SIEMENS BASED PLC KIT. THE DESIGN MAINLY CONSIST OF DC MOTOR OPERATED CONVEYOR BELT ,DIFFERENT TYPE OF SENSOR (CAPACITIVE AND INDUCTIVE) AND ROBOTIC ARM. THE PROGRAMMING PART IS DONE IN SIMATIC MANAGER SOFTWARE.

WHAT IS INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION ??

Today all production units are looking towards

more production by utilising their existing assets and man power. This can happen when one can effectively utilize his present existence with modern facilities.

Which can be easily achieved by implementing automation process in the Industry

AUTOMATION APPLICATION
Power generation : Transmission : Distribution : Process : ,

Hydro, coal, gas, oil, shale, Nuclear, wind, solar Electricity, gas, oil Electricity, water Paper, food, pharmaceutical, metal, processing, glass refinery, oil cement, chemical,
appliances, automotive, aircrafts

& gas Manufacturing :- Computer aided manufacturing (CAM), flexible fabrication,


Storage :-

Elevator, harbor, deposits, luggage handling Building :Heat, ventilation, air conditioning (HVAC), access control, fire, energy supply, tunnels, highways,.... Transportation :- Rolling stock, street cars, suburban trains, busses, cars, ships, airplanes, satellites,...

PROGRAMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLER

PLC SYSTEM

WHY PLC ??
PLCs were invented as replacements for automated

systems that would use hundreds or thousands of relays, timers, and drum sequencers.
Often, a single PLC can be programmed to replace

thousands of relays.
Programmable controllers were initially adopted by

the automotive manufacturing industry, where software revision replaced the re-wiring of hard-wired control panels when production models changed

OTHER METHODS
PNEUMATIC CYLINDER
MICROCONTROLLER APPROACH ELECTRO-PNEUMATIC APPROACH

COMPONENTS

ROBOTIC ARM
B696 Robotic arm is used
Wrist motion of 120 degrees An extensive elbow range of 300 degrees, base rotation

of 270 degrees, base motion of 180 degrees, vertical reach of 15 inches, horizontal reach of 12.6 inches, and lifting capacity of 100g Features 5 motors with 5 axes of movement

DC Geared Motor
150 RPM 12V DC geared motors for robotics applications and for

our Pick and Place project we would be using this motor Very easy to use and available in standard size. Nut and threads on shaft to easily mount on chassis and internal threaded shaft for easy connection it to wheel. Specifications 6mm shaft diameter with internal hole 125gm weight 150 RPM base motor No-load current = 60 mA(Max), Load current = 300 mA(Max.)

Sensor
1.Capacitive sensor-which sense metallic as well as non metallic bodies. 2.Inductive sensor-which sense only metallic bodies without touching the bodies

Conveyor beltIt consist of two or more pulley with a continuous loop of material Length is 120 cm and width is 10 to 15 cm

ALGORITHM

LADDER LOGIC

CONCLUSION
The different applications where automation is used are the Industrial robot, Autonomous research robot, Domestic robot, Home Automation, Laboratory automation, Integrated library system, Database administration and automation,Building automation, Artificial intelligence, Automatedattendant, Automated guided vehicle, Automated highwaysystem, Automated pool cleaner, Automated teller machine,Automatic painting (robotic), Pop music automation,Robotic lawn mower and Telephone switchboard. Thesegive a clear indicative of the development of automation.The need for automation-i.e. why it is better than manuallabor can be seen under1. 1. Replacing human operators in tasks that involve hard physical or monotonous work . 2. Replacing humans in tasks that should be done indangerous environments (i.e. fire, space, volcanoes, nuclearfacilities, underwater, etc) . 3. Making tasks that are beyond the human capabilities such as handling too heavy loads, too large objects, too hotor too cold substances or the requirement to make things too fast or too slow . 4. Economy improvement . Thus we see that using automation is a powerful tool which can be used to replace man effectively.

REFERENCES
Wikipedia-Automation.

[2] "Automation Definitions from Dictionary.com". dictionary.reference.com. http://dictionary . reference. comlbrowsel Automation. [3] "Process automation"- http://www. bmaautomation. com/Prozessautomatisierung.21 02. 0.html?id=21 02&L= I. [4] Software SIMATIC MANAGER" downloaded from: SIEMENS TECHNOLOGIES PVT. LTD WEBSITE. [6] Cornell University http://courses.cit.comell.edulee476IFinaIProjects/ 2010 International Conference on Mechanical and Electrical Technology (ICMET 2010)(IEEE JOURNAL).

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