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Arts and Crafts Movement


The Arts and Crafts movement began in Victorian England, the cradle of the industrial revolution, the heart of mechanization, and, at the time, the epitome of capitalist thinking. Rebelling against the cheap, massproduced object populating the homes of the middle classes, the originators of the Arts and Crafts movement stressed anti-industrialism, the elevation of the individual worker, the belief in rewarding labour and the handmade object, and the ability of a beautiful and well designed environment

The movement was both a philosophy and a style that permeated domestic interiors, including decorative arts and furniture, painting, and textiles. Particularly in Britain, the movement critiqued the values of Victorian society and its increasingly rigid class structure and exploitation of the labouring classes.

The socially progressive ambitions of the Arts and Crafts movement were accompanied by a new aesthetic focus that sought to integrate art into daily life. In their rejection of the current industrialist ethos, theorists and designers looked to the preindustrial medieval past, the natural world


Medivealism is the key

Spirit of Art and crafts

Left: Ceramic tiles by William De Morgan Above:: Silver bowl by Ashbee

Spirit of Art Nouveau

Up: Flemish tapestry Left: Oak wood chair byW.R Lethaby

Morris & Co.

The Craft Guilds.

Charles Robert Ashbee

Beyond Britan