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HIGHWAY TRAFFIC ANALYSIS

A presentation by: Sahil Chaudhary

An American Multinational which is now offering its services in India as well. Formed on April 6th 1990 The company has presence in following sectors :
Architecture Building Engineering Construction Services Design + Planning Economics Energy Environment Government Mining Oil + Gas Program Management Program, Cost, Consultancy Transportation Water

Completed my project in the Transportation sector Did my field work in the widening of the Patiala to Bhatinda Highway no. 64 from the existing two lane to four lanes

TRAFFIC SURVEYS
A number of traffic surveys have been carried out on the project corridor in order to identify the expected traffic on the Patiala to Bhatindanational Highway. The primary objectives of these traffic surveys are to determine the expected characteristics of traffic movement on this Highway , collect historical data on traffic growth, assess the future traffic growth rate during the design life of the Highway, determine the travel pattern as well as type and weight of commodity that will be carried by trucks and vehicle damage factors for different types of commercial vehicles. The traffic surveys conducted for this project include: 7 day continuous classified traffic volume count at 8 locations. 3 day continuous classified traffic volume count at 3 locations Origin and Destination Survey at 8 locations.

TRAFFIC VOLUME COUNTS


7-DAY CLASSIFIED TRAFFIC VOLUME COUNT STUDY was conducted at 8 locations around Barnala which lies between Patiala to Bhatinda Highway.

The survey data was analyzed to bring out the following traffic characteristics: Daily variation of traffic volume Average hourly variation of traffic volume Average composition of traffic Directional distribution of traffic Average Daily Traffic (ADT) Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT)

CLASSIFIED TRAFFIC VOLUME COUNT

The purpose of the survey was to calculate the Average Daily Traffic (ADT) on both the traffic homogeneous sections & to convert the traffic into single unit called PCU:-

Vehicle Type Motorized Vehicles 2- Wheeler 3-Wheeler Passenger Car and utility Vehicle Bus(mini bus) Bus(standard bus) Light Commercial Vehicle(freight) Truck MCV( 2-axle Rigid Chassis) HCV(3-axle Rigid Chassis) HCV(Multiaxle Articulated) Agricultural Tractors(with trailer) Agricultural Tractors(without trailer) Non Motorized Vehicles Cycle Cycle Rickshaw Animal Drawn Vehicle Other Non-Motorized Vehicle

PCU Factor 0.5 1 1 1.5 3 1.5 3 3 4.5 4.5 1.5 0.5 2 6 -

Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT)

For the purpose of analysis the traffic data is needed in annual average daily traffic (AADT) terms. This is arrived at by incorporating the seasonal variations in traffic movement on the project roads. In order to capture the seasonality in traffic movement, consultant collected the petrol and diesel sales data from petrol pumps along the project road.

Season Correction Factor(SCF) Based on Diesel Sales Data


Year Sr. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Month April May June July August September October November December January February March Average km 40 52 46 60 36 32 57 62 32 31 56 59 25 46 km 103 141 124 148 140 160 148 160 140 148 168 178 188 154 2010-2011 km 41 640 590 585 630 599 590 570 475 530 465 480 638 566 km 102 145 132 153 150 168 153 163 144 154 177 185 135 155 978 892 946 956 959 948 955 791 863 866 902 986 920 0.94 1.03 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.97 0.96 1.16 1.07 1.06 1.02 0.93 Total Sale of Diesel Seasonal Correction Factor(SCF)

Season Correction Factor(SCF) Based on Diesel Sales Data


Year Sr.No. Month km 103 km 33 2011-2012 km 99 km 92 km 67 Total Sale of Diesel Seasonal Correction Factor(SCF)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

April May June July August September October November December January February March Average

194 155 185 172 226 188 182 190 219 218 233 188 196

486 525 475 505 475 498 466 483 507 478 482 505 490

121 109 107 162 200 188 167 187 225 199 173 185 169

158 192 197 190 210 182 195 190 210 160 214 200 192

1439 1543 1473 1486 1392 1479 1431 1503 1655 1536 1643 1519

959 981 964 1029 1111 1056 1010 1050 1161 1055 1102 1078 1046

1.09 1.07 1.09 1.02 0.94 0.99 1.04 1.00 0.90 0.99 0.95 0.97

Seasonal Correction Factor(SCF) Based on Petrol Sales Data


Year Sr. No. Month km 40 km 103 2010-2011 km 41 km 102 Total Sale of Petrol Seasonal Correction Factor(SCF)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

April May June July August September October November December January February March Average

27 24 35 18 16 30 30 16 16 32 31 13 24

23 32 32 28 32 32 32 28 32 36 28 36 31

60 70 70 70 65 50 50 49 50 63 60 70 61

25 30 33 30 29 30 31 30 29 34 30 28 30

135 156 170 146 142 142 143 123 127 165 149 147 145

1.08 0.93 0.86 1.00 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.18 1.15 0.88 0.98 0.99

Seasonal Correction Factor(SCF) Based on Petrol Sales Data


Year Sr. No. Month km 103 km 33 2011-2012 km 99 km 67 Total Sale of Petrol Seasonal Correction Factor(SCF)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Average

April May June July August September October November December January February March

38 37 35 39 40 39 30 35 33 35 38 36 36

76 80 76 66 79 70 73 66 73 76 66 78 73

29 31 28 30 33 33 35 32 34 36 32 35 32

53 59 48 44 43 43 44 40 39 40 38 48 45

196 207 187 179 195 185 182 173 179 187 174 197 187

0.95 0.90 1.00 1.04 0.96 1.01 1.03 1.08 1.04 1.00 1.07 0.95

ORIGIN AND DESTINATION SURVEY (OD SURVEY)

The O-D survey was conducted at both toll plaza locations, to analyses the traffic on each homogeneous sections for 24 hours continuously. The purpose of the OD survey is to determine the existing travel pattern of the road user on the corridor & the project influence area as a whole. The road users were asked questions to determine their flow path along the project corridor, trip purpose, trip length, commodity type.

The following details were noted : Vehicle type Number of occupants Purpose of trip Origin & destination Frequency of trip Monthly income Willingness to pay toll

For cargo vehicles , apart from these details, following details were noted:
Cargo weight Cargo type Value of commodity