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Nepal Knowledge

Description Development Regions Zones Figures/Info Five 14

Area Population Rural pop Urban Pop Municipalities Village Dev Committees Main urban centers

147,181 Squares meters Approx 30 mil. Approx 80% Approx 20% 58 3915 Kathmandu Valley, Pokhara, Nepalgunj, Birgunj and Biratnagar

Existing Situation of Waste Management In Nepal

Relevant policies and programs already in place Public participation issues existing and challenges for

mass awareness, cooperation and wider participation Municipalities the main planners and implementers of waste management Technologies still traditional and need upgrading with adequate resources for effective and efficient management Public Private Partnership (PPP) one of the promising approaches for SWM Waste generation: 0.25 kg/p/d (HH); 0.34 kg/p/d (total); 700,000 tons of solid waste produced by the urban population

Presence of Green Action

Bridge between the Government and people
Encouraging for partnership and networking with

private and public sectors Promoting volunteerism for local initiatives and growing with networking and synergy effects Responsible organizational members individual and collective Multi-disciplinary team of social workers

Approaches of Green Action

Self awareness with proactive strategies Starting from simple and manageable actions and grow

later on gradually Solid waste management catchy agenda for the time being and current local situation deserving urgent action Uniting local initiatives and coordinating for better management Just a dumping of the waste is not the solution think about sustainable green technologies and make the people and governments equally responsible The ultimate goal to promote green economy

Adopted Program Modalities

Promoting and networking volunteerism social

welfare Mass awareness generation clean up campaigns Promoting corporate social responsibilities towards SWM and mass awareness for promoting better public participation resource generation and synergy Future strategies to be based aiming at green technologies and economies long term program R&D for PPP in solid waste and wastewater reclamation projects in the future

Progress Status
Developed 40 youth volunteers (25% female);
Consultation with communities (Swoyambhu,

Pokhara, Kirtipur, Bhaktapur, Chitwan, Bardiya, Biratnagar etc.); Developed sharing materials (brochures) and onlined on; Coordinated with Ncell, US Embassy, EU, KMPC, schools/colleges etc for clean up program 5 June 2012; Carried out clean up program Coordinated for Regional Conference.

Event-1 (with Ncell) June 5, 2012

Place-New Baneswore
4500 people mobilized Kathmandu Municipality, Civil Police, Armed Police,

schools/colleges, Ncell, Local Organizations, Media people participated;

Event-2 (June 5, 2012)

Maharajgunj Area (with American Embassy)
500 people mobilized Participated American Embassy, Kathmandu

Metropolitan, St. Lowlarnce School, Saleways Dept Store, Bhatbhateni Supermarket, ..etc.

Event 3 (Nagarkot) June 5, 2012

With Naldum Nagarkot Tourism Development

Committee Mobilized around 600 people Participated by many local clubs and freelance volunteers


Other events (on various dates)

Katunje (Bhaktapur) 10 trucks, 900 people
Chitwan 1000 people Pokhara 1500 people Bardiya 1200 people Itahari 600 people Tilganga joint program with govt. (KMC)

Alltogether mobilized around 10,000 volunteers. Collected about 100 + trucks equivalent to 200 tons of waste and handed over to municipalities

Peoples Voices
Spontaneous participation

They do for better awareness

Realized importance of the social event They are cooperating with the government and NGOs

who should take care of the environment Should be organized more frequently A continuity of the government's efforts Success depends upon the support from the government


Media And News Highlights

Separate presentation (with video about the Green

Action) National Sanitation Week June 5-11, organized by the government and concerned stakeholders in all the districts Green Actions Initiatives became the part of the National Sanitation Week


Issues and challenges

Each organization has its own plan and its a challenge

to effectively coordinate with all of them The government should come forward with coordinating and supporting roles Just collection and disposal of the waste is not the solution, the reuse and recycling of the waste should be part of the National waste management program Reduction at source, collection, transportation, recycling, reuse and recovery of the materials should be practically integrated in the municipal plans Appropriate rules, regulations with funds