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Technical seminar
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on
I SIGNALING SYSTEM NO-7 (SS7)
C Submitted by :Aditya Kumar Mishra
Roll No :0501209244
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Contents
L  Introduction to SS7 Signaling.
 In & Out of band Signaling.
I  SS7 Network Architecture
 SS7 Signaling Link Types.
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 SS7 Protocol Architecture.
O  SS7 Applications.

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Introduction of SS7
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 What is SS7?
L  SS7 is an architecture for performing out-of-band
signaling in support of call-establishment, billing,
I routing & information-exchange function of
public switched telephone network(PSTN).It
C identifies the functions to be performed by
signaling network & a protocol to enable their
O performance.

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Introduction of SS7
L  In and OUT band signaling

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PSTN
L World's
 public circuit-switched telephone
networks
I  the Internet is the concentration of the
world's public IP-based packet-switched
C networks
O  Originally a network of fixed-line analog
telephone systems, the PSTN is now almost
N entirely digital
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PSTN
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SS7 Network Elements
L  SSP (Service Switching Point)
 STP (Signal Transfer Point)
I  SCP (Service Control Point)

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SSP
L  Service Switching Points (SSP) are
switches that originate, terminate, or
I tandem calls
 An SSP sends signaling messages to other
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SSPs
O  Querying SCP

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STP
L  Routing SS7 messages
 Deployed in pairs
I  Three levels of STPs

C  National

 International
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 Gateway

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SCP
L  Interface to a database
 It is always connected to the STPs
I  Types of databases

C  Line information database (LIDB)

 Home location register (HLR)


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 Local number portability (LNR)

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SS7 Networks
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I STP
STP

C STP

STP

O STP

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SS7 Signaling Link Types
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S SS7 Link Types
I A link (access) Connects signaling end point (SCP or SSP) to STP

L B link (bridge)
Connects an STP to another STP; typically, a quad of B links interconnect
peer (or primary) STPs (STPs from a network connect to STPs of another
network)

I Connects STPs performing identical functions, forming a mated pair (for


C link (cross) greater reliability)

C Connects a secondary (local or regional) STP pair to a primary (inter-


D link (diagonal) network gateway) STP pair in a quad-link configuration; the distinction

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between B and D links is arbitrary

E link (extended) Connects an SSP to an alternate STP

N F link Connects two signaling end points (SSPs and SCPs) in the same local
(fully associated) network
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Basic Signaling Architecture
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S Basic Signaling Architecture
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Basic Call Setup Example
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SS7 Protocol Stack
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MTP
L  Message Transfer Part
 Level 1: Physical layer
I  Level 2: Reliable transfer of signaling

C information between SPs


 Level 3: Message routing and Network
O management.
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Message Structure
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Message Structure
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SCCP & TCAP
L  SCCP – Signaling Connection Control Part
 Provides functionality for MTP

I  Supports both connectionless and connection-

oriented
C  Global Title Translation

O  TCAP – Transaction Capabilities Application Part


 Deployment of Advanced Intelligent network

N services
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TUP
L  TUP – Telephone User Part
 International telephone control signaling
I functions
C  Doesn’t support advanced features

 Being phased out in favor of ISUP


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ISUP
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 ISUP – ISDN User Part
L  Compatible with TUP

 Supports both analog and digital voice


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circuits
C  Supports both ISDN and non ISDN calls

 Defines the protocol used to setup,


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manage, and release trunk circuits that
N carry voice and data between SSPs
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ADVANTAGES OF SS7
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• Faster call set-up.
L • Greater trunking (or Queuing) efficiency.
• Information transfer.
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• The private nature of SS7 networks is critical for
C security and reliability.
• SS7 carries information of every call in the
O network.
• SS7 provide the bridge between circuit and
N packet switched networks.
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Applications
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L Prepaid Calling Unified Messaging
 
 Local Number  800 / Free Phone
Portability (LNP) Services
I  Global Roaming  Short Message
 International Callback Service (SMS)
C  Virtual Office  Tele-voting
 Internet Call Waiting/  Location-based
O Caller ID Services
 Least Cost Routing  Caller Ring Back Tone
N  Toll Bypass (CRBT)
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S Applications
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CONCLUSION
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• SS7 is the world’s largest data network. It
L links telcos, cellular long-distance networks
I nationwide and worldwide.
• SS7 interconnects thousands of telephone
C company providers into one common
signaling network.
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• SS7’ll continue to evolve as new features are
N added to the Advanced Intelligent Network.
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C THANK YOU
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