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Voice Call vs.

SMS
User Preferences

Presented by:
Group Leader: Uzair-ul-Zafar (5936)
Group Members: Asif Iqbal (5995)
Shahzad Saleem (6508), Adeel Amin (5916), Muhammad Waseem (5918).

Introduction
Since last decade the cellular phones
are become very common is our
society.
Cellular phone are now being
indispensible for the urban areas
students.
In this very uncertain situation of our
country the device is used for be in
24 hours contact with the close ones.

Introduction
For the many reasons the students
are using voice calls and SMS
Specially in class students used to
disobey the code of conduct and
start text messaging.
Lets see after the research what out
comes we got from the MBR class
students

QUESTIONNAIRE

Cell Phone User

b.) No

28

a.) Yes
0

10

15

20

25

30

Purpose of using Cell Phone


30

23

21

20
10

0
a.) voice b.) SMS c.) Internet d.) Games e.) Any
calls
browsing
Other

Cell Phone Connection


Warid
18%
Zong
13%
Telenor
13%

Mobilink
13%

Ufone
43%

Favorite Mode of Communication


15

14
11

10
5
0

0
a.) voice call

b.) SMS

c.) MMS

1
d.) E-Mail

2
e.) Any Other

GSM Connections used by the class


Foreign
call
pakages
3%
Friend
and family
14%
hourly call
pakages
22%

SMS
bundle
61%

Daily Usage
20
15
10
5
0
Series1

a.) SMS

b.) voice
call

c.) MMS

d.) E-Mail

20

Preference during class room & Office


Meeting
14%
a.) SMS
b.) voice call
86%

Preference at Public Places

36%
a.) SMS
b.) voice call
64%

Numbers Of Call / SMS Send & received

b.) voice call


746
19%

a.) SMS
3228
81%

Do students prefer Voice call over SMS (Level of Agreement)

Stronly agreed

Agreed

Neither Agreed no
Disagreed

13

Disagree

Stronly Disagree

HYPOTHESIS

Statement:

80% of the MBR class students prefer voice call over SMS

H0 = v > s

H1 = v < s

Population of class is around 65 students and sample is taken from


28th students

S. No.

X1

X2

Total

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28

2
2
2
2
2
2
-

2
2
2
2
2
2
1

Total

13

_
X

0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571
0.46428571

_
X - X

_
(X - X)2

0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
1.54
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
1.54
0.46
1.54
1.54
1.54
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
1.54
0.46
0.46
0.54

0.215561224
0.215561224
0.215561224
0.215561224
0.215561224
0.215561224
0.215561224
2.358418367
0.215561224
0.215561224
0.215561224
0.215561224
0.215561224
0.215561224
2.358418367
0.215561224
2.358418367
2.358418367
2.358418367
0.215561224
0.215561224
0.215561224
0.215561224
0.215561224
2.358418367
0.215561224
0.215561224
0.286989796

0.00

18.96428571

_
X

13
28

_
X

0.46428571

18.96429

28

0.677296

0.82298

t distribution
One Tail test

0.46428571

0.8

0.8229799

28

-0.33571
0.155529

-2.15854

This table was calculated by APL programs written by William Knight. The format of the table is
adapted from a table constructed by Drake Bradley, Department of Psychology, Bates College,
Lewiston-Ashburn, Mine, U.S.A.

Ho

: Rejected

H1

: Accepted

Conclusion :
As per Questionnaire survey and hypotheses result it
can be said that 80% of MBR class Students do not prefer
Voice Call over SMS but it has been seen that the preference
is given to SMS.

The preference of SMS over voice calls has been seen


evaluated from the questionnaire filed by bellow 30 age
students and the 50% of over 30 age students had given
preference to voice calls.