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Abdurrahman Wahid memoir

protests that led to riots in May 1998 after Kiai Haji Abdurrahman Wahid, nicknamed Gus Dur (born in Jombang, East Java, 7 September 1940 - died in Jakarta, December 30, 2009 at age 69 years) [1] is the Indonesian Muslim leaders and political leaders who became Indonesia's fourth president 1999 to 2001. He replaces President B. J. Habibie was elected by the Assembly after the 1999 election results. Implementation of government assisted by the Cabinet of National Unity. Abdurrahman Wahid's presidency began on October 20, 1999 and ending on the Special Session of the Assembly in 2001. Exactly July 23, 2001, its leadership was replaced by Megawati Sukarnoputri after the mandate is revoked by the Assembly. Abdurrahman Wahid is a former chairman of Tanfidziyah (executive body) NU and founder of the National Awakening Party (PKB). er, K.H. Wahid Hashim, involved in the Nationalist Movement and became Minister of Religious Affairs in 1949. His mother, Mrs.. Hj. Sholehah, is the daughter of the founder of Boarding Schools Denanyar Jombang. His brother is Salahuddin Wahid Wahid and Lily. He was married to Sinta Nuriyah and has four daughters: Alisa, Yenny, Anita, and Inayah. Gus Dur had openly stated that he has Chinese blood. Abdurrahman Wahid claimed that he was a descendant of Tan Kim Han is married to Tan A Lok, brother of Prince Broken (Tan Eng Hwa), founder of the Sultanate of Demak. Tan A and Tan Eng Hwa Lok is a son of Princess Campa, daughter of China who is a concubine of Raden UB V Tan Kim Han himself later a study by French researchers, Louis-Charles is identified as Sheikh Abdul Damais Qodir Al -Shini who discovered his tomb in Trowulan.

In 1944, Wahid moved from Jombang to Jakarta, where his father was elected the first Chairman of the Shura Council of the Muslim Party of Indonesia (Masyumi), an organization which exists to support the Japanese army when it occupied Indonesia. After the declaration of Indonesian independence on August 17, 1945, Gus Dur back to

Jombang and remain there during the war of independence against the Dutch Indonesia. At the end of the war of 1949, Wahid moved to Jakarta, and his father was appointed as Minister of Religious Affairs. Abdurrahman Wahid studied in Jakarta, go to the elementary school before moving to SD KRIS Perwari Matraman. Wahid also taught non-Muslim reading books, magazines, and newspapers by his father to expand his knowledge [7]. Gus Dur continue to live in Jakarta with his family while his father was not a minister of religion in 1952. On April 1953, Wahid's father died in a car accident. Wahid continued education and in 1954, he entered junior high school. In that year, he was not the next grade. His mother then sent Gus Dur to Yogyakarta to continue his education with the Koran to the KH. Ali Maksum in Krapyak boarding school and learn in school. In 1957, after graduating from junior high, Wahid moved to Manila to start a Muslim in the Islamic School of Education Tegalrejo. He developed a reputation as a gifted student, boarding school education completed within two years (should be four years). In 1959, Wahid moved to a boarding school in Jombang Tambakberas. There, while continuing his own education, Abdurrahman Wahid also received his first job as a teacher and later as head of the Islamic school. Gus Dur is also employed as a journalist for magazines such as Horizon and Culture Magazine Jaya.

Education abroad In 1963, Wahid received a scholarship from the Ministry of Religious Affairs to study at Al Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt. He went to Egypt in November 1963. Although he is fluent in Arabic, Gus Dur told by the university that he must take remedial classes before studying Islam and Arabic. Being unable to provide proof that he has the ability to Arabic, Wahid was forced to take remedial classes. Abdurrahman Wahid enjoying life in Egypt in 1964; he likes to watch movies of Europe and America, and also watch a football game. Wahid was also involved with the Indonesian Students Association and a magazine journalist association. At the end of the year, he successfully passed the remedial Arabic classes. When he began his study of Islam and Arabic in 1965, Gus Dur was disappointed: he had studied many of the materials provided and refuse to learn the methods used University

In Egypt, Wahid was employed at the Embassy of Indonesia. At the time it works, events September 30th Movement (G30S) occurs. Major General Suharto in Jakarta to handle the situation and efforts made to eradicate communism. As part of that effort, Embassy of Indonesia in Egypt were instructed to conduct an investigation of university students and to report their political position. This command is given to Wahid, who was assigned to write a report.

Wahid's failure in Egypt. He did not agree on the method of education and employment after the G-30 is very disturbing himIn 1966, he was told that he should repeat the

study. Gus Dur saved undergraduate education through scholarships at the University of Baghdad. Wahid moved to Iraq and enjoying his new environment. Although he fails at first, Wahid quickly learned. Wahid also continue its involvement in the Indonesian Student Association and also wrote the association's magazine. After completing his education at the University of Baghdad in 1970, Abdurrahman Wahid went to Holland to continue his education. Wahid wanted to study at the University of Leiden, but was disappointed that his education at the University of Baghdad under-recognized. From the Netherlands, Wahid went to Germany and France before returning to Indonesia in 1971. Early career Gus Dur returned to Jakarta to expect that he will go abroad again to study at McGill University Canada. He made himself busy by joining the Institute for Research, Education and Economic and Social Affairs (LP3ES) organization which consists of a progressive Muslim intellectuals and social democrats. LP3ES founded a magazine called "Prism" and Gus Dur became one of the main contributors to the magazine. In addition to working as a contributor LP3ES, Gus Dur also around schools and madrasas all over Java. At that time, schools struggled to get funding from the government by way of adopting the government curriculum. Gus Dur is concerned with that because the values of traditional pesantren increasingly faded due to this change. Gus Dur is also concerned with poverty schools that he saw. At the same time when they are persuaded to adopt the curriculum of government schools, the government also persuaded schools as agents of change and assist the government in the economic development of Indonesia. Gus Dur choose canceled study abroad and prefer to develop the pesantren. Abdurrahman Wahid continued his career as a journalist, writing for magazines and newspaper article was well received and he began to develop a reputation as a social commentator. With the popularity of it, she received many invitations to give lectures and seminars, he must make a round trip between Jakarta and Jombang, where his family lived with Gus Dur. Despite having a successful career at the time, Gus Dur still find it hard to live only from one source of income and he worked to earn extra income by selling peanuts and delivering ice. In 1974 Gus Dur in Jombang get additional work as a teacher at the boarding school Tambakberas and soon developed a good reputation. Wahid added a year later his work with a Master's Kitab Al Hikam. In 1977, Gus Dur joined the University as dean of the Faculty of Hashim Asyari practices and beliefs of Islam and the University of Gus Dur wants to teach additional subjects such as Islamic law and missiology. However, the excess caused some resentment from some of the university.

NU Early involvement of Wahid immediate family background means. He will be asked to play an active role in running the NU. This request is contrary to the aspirations of Gus Dur in a public intellectual, and he twice refused the offer to join the Advisory Council of Religious NU. However, Wahid finally joined the Board after his grandfather, Bisri Syansuri, gave her third bid [15]. For taking this job, Wahid also choose to move from Jombang to Jakarta and stayed there. As a member of the Advisory Council of Religious Affairs, Wahid led NU themselves as reformers. At that time, Abdurrahman Wahid also got his first political experience. In the 1982 legislative election, Wahid campaign for the United Development Party (PPP), an Islamic party that was formed as a result of the combined four Islamic parties, including NU. Wahid said that the government interfere with the PPP campaign captures people like him [16]. However, Wahid has always managed to escape because it has a relationship with important people such as General Benny Moerdani. Reforming NU At that time, many people who see NU as an organization in a state of stagnation / stalled. After discussion, the Advisory Council of Religious eventually formed Team Seven (which includes Wahid) to work on reform issues and help revive the NU. Reforms in the organization, including changes in leadership. On May 2, 1982, senior officials met with Chairman of NU NU Idham and requested that he resign. Idham, who has guided NU to the era of transition of power from Sukarno to Suharto initially resisted, but eventually backed down under pressure. On May 6, 1982, Wahid heard Idham choice to step back and see him, and he said that the retreat is not constitutional demand. With the appeal Wahid, Wahid Idham cancel decline and along with seven teams can negotiate an agreement between Idham and the person requesting the decline In 1983, Soeharto was re-elected as president for a term to-4 by the People's Consultative Assembly (MPR) and began taking steps to make Pancasila as state ideology. From June 1983 until October 1983, Wahid became part of the group assigned to prepare a response to the issue of NU. Wahid consult with such reading Quran and Sunnah to justify and finally, in October 1983, he concluded that the NU should accept Pancasila as state ideology [18]. To further revive NU, Wahid also resigned from the PPP and the political parties. This is done so that NU can focus on social issues rather than hindered by being involved in politics.

Elected as chairman and the first term Wahid reform made him very popular among NU. At the National Convention of 1984, many people began to express their desire to nominate a new chairman of the Zahid as NU. Wahid accept this nomination with the condition that he have full authority to choose officials who will work under him. Wahid was elected as Chairman of the Board of NU at the National Conference. However, the requirements to be able to choose their own officials below are not met. On the last day National Conference, the list of members of Wahid's approval is being discussed by officials including Chairman of NU NU-order earlier, Idham. Wahid had been giving a list to the Committee of the National Conference which was due to be announced that day. However, the National Conference Committee, as opposed to Idham, announcing a completely different list to the National Conference participants.

The election of Gus Dur and viewed positively by Suharto's New Order regime. Wahid acceptance of Pancasila in conjunction with moderate image makes it favored by government officials. In 1985, Suharto made Gus Dur indoktrinator Pancasila. In 1987, Abdurrahman Wahid show further support to the regime by criticizing the PPP in the 1987 legislative elections and strengthen Suharto's Golkar Party. He later became a member of Parliament representing the Golkar. Although he is favored by the regime, Wahid criticized the government for Kedung Ombo project funded by the World Bank. This stretch Wahid relationship with the government, but at the time Suharto was political support from NU. During his first term, Gus Dur focus on reforming the education system of schools and successfully improve the quality of the education system so that schools can compete with secular schoolsIn 1987, Gus Dur also set up study groups in Probolinggo, East Java to provide a forum for like-minded individuals in the NU to discuss and provide interpretation of Muslim texts. Gus Dur had also faced criticism that he expects to change the Muslim greeting "assalamualaikum" a secular greeting "good morning".

Second term and against the New Order Wahid was re-elected for second term at the National Conference Chair NU 1989. At that time, Suharto, who was involved in a political battle with the Armed Forces, began to attract the sympathy of Muslims for their support. On December 1990, the Association of Indonesian Muslim Intellectuals (ICMI) was formed to attract the hearts of Muslim Intellectuals. The organization is supported by Suharto, chaired by Baharuddin Jusuf Habibie and includes Muslim intellectuals such as Amien Rais and Nurcholish Madjid as a member. In 1991, several members of the ICMI asked Gus Dur join. Gus

Dur refused because he thought the ICMI supports sectarianism and will make Soeharto remained strong. In 1991, Wahid against the forming of ICMI Democracy Forum, an organization consisting of 45 intellectuals from various religious and social communities. The organization is taken into account by the government and the government broke up the meeting convened by the Democracy Forum at the legislative elections of 1992. In March 1992, Gus Dur planning to hold a Great Council to celebrate the anniversary of the NU-66 and reiterated the support of NU against Pancasila. Wahid planned event was attended by at least one million members of the NU. However, Soeharto blocking event, ordered police to return the bus containing members of the NU when they arrived in Jakarta. However, the event was attended by 200,000 people. After the show, Gus Dur sent a protest letter to Suharto declared that NU is not given the opportunity to show that Islam is open, fair and tolerant. During his second term as chairman of NU, Abdurrahman liberal ideas began to change a lot supporters disagree. As chairman, Wahid continued to promote dialogue among religions and even received an invitation to visit Israel in October 1994. Third term and to reform Towards the National Convention of 1994, Gus Dur himself nominated for a third term. Hearing this, Suharto did not want to be elected Wahid. In the weeks before munas, supporting Suharto, Habibie and Harmoko such as campaigning against the re-election of Gus Dur. When the national consultation was held, the polls guarded by the military in the act of intimidationThere are also attempts to bribe members of the NU does not choose it. However, Gus Dur was elected permanent chairman of the NU for a third term. During this period, Gus Dur start a political alliance with Megawati Sukarnoputri's Indonesian Democratic Party (PDI). Megawati who uses his father's name has huge popularity and plans to keep pressing the Soeharto regime. Wahid, Megawati advised to be cautious and resist chosen as President for the 1998 General Session. Megawati ignored it and paid the price when, in July 1996 PDInya headquarters were taken over by supporters of the government-backed PDI Chairman, Soerjadi. See what happens against Megawati, Wahid think that the best option now is to retreat politically by supporting the government. On November 1996, Wahid and Soeharto met for the first time since Gus Dur's re-election as chairman of the NU and the next few months followed by a meeting with various government leaders who in 1994 tried to block the re-election of Gus Dur. At the same time, Gus Dur let the choice to remain open and reform in December 1996 met with Amien Rais, a member of ICMI critical of government policies. July 1997 was the beginning of the Asian Financial Crisis. Suharto began to lose control of the situation. Gus Dur encouraged to undertake reforms with Megawati and Amien, but he suffered a stroke in January 1998. From the hospital, Wahid saw the situation continues to deteriorate with the re-election as President Soeharto and the student the

shooting of six students at the University of Trisakti. On May 19, 1998, Gus Dur, along with eight top leaders of the Muslim community, called to the residence of Soeharto. Suharto gave the concept of the Reform Committee, which he proposed. Nine leaders refused to join the Reform Committee. Gus Dur has a more moderate stance with Soeharto and asked the protesters to stop to see whether Suharto would keep his promise. It is not like Amien, who is the most critical opposition to Soeharto at the time. However, Suharto announced his resignation on May 21, 1998. Vice President Habibie replaced Soeharto became president. ormation Establishment Agreement and Declaration Ciganjur One impact of the fall of Soeharto is the formation of new political parties. Under the Soeharto regime, only three political parties: Golkar, PPP and PDI. With the fall of Suharto, political parties began to form, with the most important is the National Mandate Party (PAN) Amien formation and the Indonesian Democratic Party-Struggle (PDI-P) formed by Megawati. On June 1998, many people from the community asked Gus Dur NU form a new political party. He did not immediately implement the idea. But in July 1998 Gus Dur begun to respond to the idea for founding a political party is the only way to fight the Golkar in the general election. Wahid approved the formation of CLA and became Chairman of the Advisory Board with Matori Abdul Djalil as party chairman. Although the party was dominated by members of the NU, Abdurrahman stated that the party is open to everyone. On November 1998, at a meeting in Ciganjur, Gus Dur, along with Megawati, Amien, and Sultan Hamengkubuwono X re-stated their commitment to reform. On February 7, 1999, CLA formally declare Gus Dur as a presidential candidate.

1999 Election and the General Session Amien Rais and Abdurrahman at the General Session. On June 1999, the party participated in the CLA legislative arena. CBA won 12% of the vote with PDI-P won 33% of the vote. With the victory party, Megawati predict will win the presidential election in the parliamentary session. However, PDI-P does not have a full majority, thus forming an alliance with the CLA. In July, Amien Rais form the Central Axis, a coalition of Muslim parties. Central Axis began nominate Gus Dur as a third candidate in the presidential election and collective commitment to the PDI-P began to change. On October 7, 1999, Amien and Central Axis is officially declared as a candidate for president Abdurrahman Wahid. [32] On October 19, 1999, the Assembly rejected his accountability speech and Habibie withdrew from the presidential election. A few moments later, Akbar Tanjung, Golkar chairman and chairman of the House of

Representatives (DPR) said Golkar would support Gus Dur. On October 20, 1999, the Assembly re-assembled and began to elect a new president. Abdurrahman Wahid was elected as the President of Indonesia for-4 with 373 votes, while Megawati only 313 votes. [33] Not happy that their candidate failed to win the election, supporters of Megawati and Gus Dur raging realize that Megawati was elected as the vice president should be. After convincing the generals Wiranto to did not participate in the election of vice president and make agreements to support Megawati, Wahid also managed to convince Megawati to participate. On October 21, 1999, Megawati took part in the selection of vice president and defeated Ha Hamzah
Presidency 1999 Gus Dur's first Cabinet, Cabinet of National Unity, the coalition cabinet that included members of various political parties: PDI-P, PKB, Golkar, PPP, PAN, and Justice Party (PK). Non-partisan and the military is also in the cabinet. Wahid then began a two-governance reforms. The first reform was dissolved Ministry of Information, the main weapon of the Suharto regime in control of the media. The second reform is the dissolving of a corrupt Ministry of Social Affairs. On November 1999, Wahid visited the ASEAN member countries, Japan, the United States, Qatar, Kuwait, and Jordan. After that, in December, he visited the People's Republic of China

After one month of being in the Cabinet of National Unity, Minister for Poverty Alleviation Coordinating Minister (Minister of Taskin) Hamzah Haz announced his resignation in November. Alleged that his resignation caused by Gus Dur has accused some members of the cabinet of corruption while he was still in the United States Some suspect that the resignation of Hamzah Haz displeasure caused by the approach Gus Dur with Israel

Gus Dur is a plan to give Aceh referendum. But this referendum to determine the autonomy and not independence as East Timor referendum. Gus Dur also want to adopt a softer approach to Aceh by reducing the number of military personnel in the land of the Veranda of Mecca. On December 30, Wahid visited Jayapura in Irian Jaya province. During his visit, Abdurrahman Wahid managed to convince the leaders of Papua that he encourages the use of the name Papua

2000 Abdurrahman Wahid at the World Economic Forum in 2000.

On January 2000, Gus Dur to travel to other overseas to Switzerland to attend the World Economic Forum and to visit Saudi Arabia on his way home to Indonesia. In February, Wahid to travel abroad to another European to visit England, France, Holland, Germany, and Italy. On the way home from Europe, Gus Dur also visited India, South Korea, Thailand, and Brunei Darussalam. In March, Wahid visited East Timor. In April, Wahid visited South Africa on their way to Cuba to attend the G-77, before returning through Mexico City and Hong Kong. In June, Wahid once again visited the United States, Japan, and France with Iran, Pakistan, and Egypt as a new addition to the list of countries he visited.

When Gus Dur traveled to Europe in February, he began to ask General Wiranto to resign from the post of Coordinating Minister for Politics and Security. Gus Dur saw Wiranto as an obstacle to military reform plan, and also because allegations of human rights abuses in East Timor against Wiranto.

When Gus Dur back to Jakarta, Wiranto to talk to him and managed to convince Gus Dur to not replace it. However, Gus Dur and then changed his mind and asked him to resign. On April 2000, Gus Dur sacked Minister of Industry and Trade Jusuf Kalla and Minister for State Enterprises Laksamana Sukardi. Wahid reason given is that both are involved in corruption cases, although Gus Dur never gave evidence This weakens our relationship with Gus Dur Golkar and PDI-P.

On March 2000, the Gus Dur government began negotiating with the Free Aceh Movement (GAM). Two months later, the government signed a memorandum of understanding with GAM until early 2001, when both parties would violate the agreement. [41] also suggested that Gus Dur No TAP MPRS. Prohibiting XXIX/MPR/1966 Marxism-Leninism is revoked. He also tried to establish relations with Israel, which caused outrage in the Muslim Indonesia. The issue raised in the speech Ribbhi Awad, the Palestinian ambassador to Indonesia, the Palestinian parliament in 2000. Another issue that arises is the Gus Dur Foundation membership Shimon Peres. Both Gus Dur and his foreign minister Alwi Shihab, Indonesia's president opposes portrayals of inappropriate, and Alwi asked that Awad, the Palestinian ambassador to Indonesia, to be replaced.

In an effort to reform the military and military issue of socio-political space, Gus Dur find allies,

namely Agus Wirahadikusumah, which he made a Commander of the Army Strategic Reserve Command in March. On July 2000, Agus began to open the scandal involving the Dharma Putra, a foundation that has a relationship with Kostrad. Through Megawati, Wahid TNI began pressing to remove the post Agus. Gus Dur follow these pressures, but plans to appoint Agus as Chief of Army Staff. TNI officers responded by threatening to retire, so that Gus Dur must again according to the pressure.

Gus Dur's relationship with the military gets worse when the Laskar Jihad arrived in Maluku and armed by the military. Laskar Jihad went to the Moluccas to assist Muslims in conflict with Christians. Wahid asked for military action to stop the Laskar Jihad, but they still managed to reach the Moluccas and armed by the military weapons.

There were also two scandals in 2000, the scandal Buloggate and Bruneigate. In May, the National Logistics Agency (Bulog) reported that the $ 4 million in cash disappeared from inventory Bulog. Gus Dur's personal masseur claimed he was sent by Gus Dur to Bulog to take the money Although the money has been restored, Gus Dur's enemies accused him of involvement in this scandal. This scandal is called scandal Buloggate. At the same time, Gus Dur was also accused of saving money $ 2 million for himself. The money was a donation from the Sultan of Brunei to help in Aceh. However, Wahid failed to account for these funds. This scandal is called scandal Bruneigate. The General Session 2000 is almost here, Gus Dur's popularity is still high. Wahid's allies such as Megawati, Amien Akbar and still support him despite the scandals and the removal of ministers. At the General Session, Gus Dur's speech received by the majority of the members of the Assembly. During the speech, Wahid realized his weakness as a leader and said he would depute some tasks. [48] Members of Parliament agreed and suggested that Megawati accepted the task. MPR initially planned to implement this proposal as an MPR, but the Decree of the President is considered sufficient. On August 23, Wahid announced a new cabinet although Megawati to the announcement was delayed. Megawati showed his displeasure by not present at the announcement of the cabinet. The new cabinet is smaller and include more non-partisan. There were no members of Golkar in the new cabinet Gus Dur.

In September, Gus Dur declared martial law in Maluku because of deteriorating conditions there. At that moment it became clear that the Laskar Jihad supported by members of the TNI and also the possibility funded by Fuad Bawazier, the finance minister last Soeharto. In the same month, the Morning Star flag flying in West Papua. Gus Dur allowed as long as the Morning Star flag was flown under the flag of Indonesia. He was criticized by Megawati and Akbar as this. On December 24, 2000, bomb attacks against churches in Jakarta and eight other cities throughout Indonesia.

At the end of 2000, there were many who were disappointed with the political elite Abdurrahman Wahid. The best person to show his disappointment was Amien. He expressed disappointment support Gus Dur as president last year. Amien also trying to gather opposition to Megawati and Gus Dur convincing to loosen their political muscle. Megawati protect Gus Dur, while Akbar waited for legislative elections in 2004. At the end of November, 151 House members signed a petition calling for impeachment Gus Dur

2001 and the final rule In January 2001, Wahid announced that the Chinese New Year (Lunar) be an optional holiday. This action followed by lifting of ban on the use of Chinese characters. Gus Dur and North Africa and also visited Saudi Arabia for pilgrimage Abdurrahman Wahid last visit abroad as president in June 2001 when he visited Australia. At a meeting with the president-rector of the university on January 27, 2001, stating the possibility of Indonesia Abdurrahman into anarchism. He then proposed the dissolution of parliament if they occur. The meeting was to add the anti-Wahid. On February 1, the House met to issue a memorandum to Gus Dur. The memorandum contains the holding of the Assembly Special Session in which the impeachment of President to do. PKB members could walk out in response to this. This memorandum also raised protests among NU. In East Java, NU members to protest in the regional office of Golkar. In Jakarta, Wahid opposition accused him of pushing down the protest. Gus Dur denies and went to talk with the protesters in Makati. . However, NU protesters continued to demonstrate their support of Gus Dur, and in April announced that they were ready to defend Gus Dur as president until death. In March, Wahid tried to retaliate against dissidents in the opposition with his cabinet. Minister of Justice and Human Rights Yusril Ihza Mahendra was removed from the cabinet because he announced his request to withdraw Gus Dur. Minister for Forestry Nurmahmudi Ismail also removed for different reasons by the President's vision, as opposed to policy decisions, and the bet is not able to control the Justice Party, which at that time took part in mass actions demanding Wahid resign. In response, Megawati began to distance and did not attend the inauguration of the replacement of the minister. On 30 April, the Parliament issued a second memorandum and called for a Special Session of the Assembly on August 1. Gus Dur was getting desperate and asked the Coordinating Minister for Political, Social and Security Affairs (Menko Polsoskam) Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono to declare a state

of emergency. Yudhoyono refused and Gus Dur him from his post along with four other ministers in a cabinet reshuffle on July 1, 2001. Finally, on July 20, Amien Rais stated that the Special Session of the Assembly will be promoted on July 23. TNI lose 40,000 troops in Jakarta and also lower the tank pointing towards the National Palace as a form of appointment power. Gus Dur and then announced the implementation of the decree which contains (1) dissolution of the MPR / DPR, (2) to restore sovereignty to the people by accelerating elections within a year, and (3) freezing the Golkar Party as a form of resistance to the Special Session of the Assembly. But the decree does not have the support and on July 23, the Assembly formally impeach Wahid and Megawati Sukarnoputri replaced it with. Abdurrahman Wahid continued to insist that he is the president and remain in the Presidential Palace for several days, but finally on July 25 He went to the United States because of health problems Activities after presidency The split in the collective body Before the Special Session of the Assembly, members of the PKB agree not present as a symbol of solidarity. However, Matori Abdul Djalil, chairman of the PKB, insisted to attend because he was the Vice Chairman of the Assembly. With his position as Chairman of the Shura Council, Gus Dur dropped Matori position as Chairman of the CBA on August 15, 2001 and banned the party participated in the activity prior to revoke membership Matori in November. On January 14, 2002, Matori Special General Assembly held in the presence by supporters in the PKB. The General Assembly chose again as chairman of the PKB. Gus Dur Munasnya responded by holding its own on the 17th of January, the day after the National Conference Matori completed National Council reappoint Gus Dur as Chairman of the Advisory Board and as Chairman of the PKB Alwi Shihab. Gus Dur's PKB better known as PKB PKB Brass while Matori known as PKB Batutulis. Elections 2004 On April 2004, CLA participated in the General Elections for the DPR, DPD, and the Indonesian Parliament in 2004, gaining 10.6% of the vote. For President and Vice President of Indonesia, 2004, in which people will choose directly, PKB chose Wahid as a presidential candidate. However, Wahid failed to pass a medical examination so that the Election Commission refused to include it as a candidate. Gus Dur and support Solahuddin which is a pair of Wiranto. On July 5, 2004, Wiranto and Solahuddin lost the election. For a second election between the Yudhoyono-Kalla pair with MegawatiMuzadi, Gus Dur states vote. Opposition to SBY

On August 2005, Gus Dur became one of the leaders of the political coalition called the Coalition for Unity Risen archipelago. Along with Try Sutrisno, Wiranto, Megawati and Akbar Tanjung, the coalition criticized the policy of President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, especially regarding the removal of fuel subsidies will lead to rising fuel prices.

Personal life Sinta Nuriyah Wahid married and has four children: Alissa Qotrunnada, Zannuba Ariffah Chafsoh (Yenny), Anita Hayatunnufus, and Inayah Wulandari. Yenny is also politically active in the National Awakening Party and currently is director of the Wahid Institute. Death Gus Dur suffer from many diseases, even since he took office as president. He suffered from impaired vision so often letters and books to be read or written to be read or written by others. Several times he suffered a stroke. Diabetes and kidney disorders also suffered. He passed away on Wednesday, December 30, 2009, at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, at 18:45 due to the complications of the disease, he suffered for a long time. Before his death he had to undergo hemodialysis (dialysis) routine. According to his brother Salahuddin Wahid, Abdurrahman died due to blockage of the arteries. A week before he moved to Jakarta was treated in Jombang after traveling in East Java. Awards In 1993, Gus Dur receive the Ramon Magsaysay Award, a prestigious award enough for the Community Leadership category.

Wahid has been named as the "Father of Chinese" by some Chinese characters in Semarang Tay Kak Sie Temple, Gang Lombok, which is known as the Chinatown area on March 10, 2004.

He received an award from the Simon Wiesenthal Center, a foundation that engages in human rights enforcement. Wahid was awarded the prize because they think he is one of the leaders who care about human rights issues.

Gus Dur was awarded the Valor of Mebal with offices in Los Angeles for having the courage to defend Wahid considered a minority, one of them in defense of human Confucian religion in Indonesia in acquiring the rights that had stuck during the New Order era. Wahid also received an award from Temple University. His name is immortalized as the name of the study group Abdurrahman Wahid Chair of Islamic study. On July 21, 2010, although it has died, he received the Lifetime Achievement Award in 2010 Coverage six Awards. The award was handed over directly to Nuriyah Sinta, the wife of Gus Dur .

Award-AJI Tasrif On August 11, 2006, girl Arivia and Gus Dur-AJI get Tasrif Award for Press Freedom Fighters of 2006 The award was presented by the Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI). Gus Dur and the girl is judged to have passion, vision, and commitment in the fight for freedom of expression, equal rights, the spirit of diversity, and democracy in Indonesia. Gus Dur and the girl chosen by a jury consisting of cultural Butet Kertaradjasa, chief editor of The Jakarta Post Endy Bayuni, and Chairman of the National Commission for Women Chandra Kirana. They won over 23 other candidates. Appreciation Award to Gus Dur Tasrif protests from journalists who attended the press conference was. [71] A reporter said that just because Gus Dur's efforts against the bill and the Anti Porno Pornography, he received the award. While other journalists like Ati Nurbaiti, former Chairman of AJI Indonesia and The Jakarta Post journalist denied and questioned the relationship Wahid struggles against the RUU APP with the freedom of the press. honorary doctorates Gus Dur is also widely received his Honorary Doctorate (Doctor Honoris Causa) from various educational institutions: Honorary Doctor of Philosophy in Law from Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand (2000) Honorary Doctorate from the Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand (2000 Honorary Doctorate of Law and Political Science, Economics and Management Sciences, and Humanities of the University Pantheon Sorbonne, Paris, France (2000) Honorary Doctorate from Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand (2000) Honorary Doctorate from the University of Twente, The Netherlands (2000) Honorary Doctorate from Jawaharlal Nehru University, India (2000 Honorary Doctorate from the University of Soka Gakkai, Tokyo, Japan (2002) Honorary Doctorate from the University of Humanity field Netanya, Israel (2003)

Honorary Doctor of Law from Konkuk University, Seoul, South Korea (2003) Honorary Doctorate of Sun Moon University, Seoul, South Korea (2003