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The quality engineer is the one who has the responsibility to make sure that every function and operation in a work place happens with high quality, smoothly and perfectly. There are many other duties attached to it such as checking performance efficiency of machines, quality control of products, quality of staff and customer service. There is always a quality engineer required who is specialized in handling any function. Quality engineer duties and responsibilities The duties and responsibilities of a quality engineer basically depend upon his or her scope of work and department. The major duties and responsibilities of a quality engineer are as follows: The main responsibility is to ensure the quality standard of the company in the raw material and products produced by the company. It will be also needed to regularly monitor the production and machinery to ensure the quality. It is also necessary to ensure the quality satisfaction by collecting the feedback from clients. He or she is responsible for the formulation of the testing procedures for quality checking. It is needed to formulate the quality control standards properly. He or she needs to collect the relevant data from the various related sources. He or she needs to work for improving the quality of the work as well so has to formulate the guidelines to make new regulations. He or she has to suggest the ways and means as well. It will be also necessary to provide the training to the employees regularly and updating their knowledge. He or she has to take part actively in the field by conducting seminars, workshops and conferences. The duty also includes allocating responsibilities to staff of quality control department and supervising them. It is also necessary to record all the quality test results and presenting them before management

Quality engineer skills and specifications The skills and specifications required for the job of a quality engineer are as follows: The person needs to have the excellent analytical skills to observe the various aspects carefully. He or she needs to have the exceptional decision making skills at the right time and situation. He or she should have the ability to put a keen eye for detail work. The person needs to have a very strong knowledge regarding quality standards prescribed by the government. The person should be an excellent communicator and should have the writing abilities as well. He or she should have the exceptional and problem solving skills to do the job.


A Process Engineer develops and optimize economical industrial processes to make the huge range of products on which modern society depends. A Process Engineer may work in small, medium and large businesses. The work is concerned with chemical and biochemical processes in which raw materials undergo change, and involves scaling up processes from the laboratory into the processing plant. Responsibilities involve designing equipment, understanding the reactions taking place, installing control systems, and starting, running and upgrading the processes. Environmental protection and health and safety aspects are also significant concerns. Work is project-orientated and you may be working on a number of projects, all at various different stages, at any given time. Several process engineering companies act as consultancies. Typical work activities include: assessing processes for their relevance, and assessing the adequacy of engineering equipment;

reviewing existing data (also lab analysis) to see if more research and information need to be collated; designing, installing and commissioning new production units, monitoring modifications and upgrades, and troubleshooting existing processes; applying the principles of mass, momentum and heat transfer to process and equipment design, including conceptual, scheme and detail design; conducting process development experiments to scale in a laboratory; preparing reports, flow diagrams and charts; assessing the availability of raw materials and the safety and environmental impact of the plant; managing the cost and time constraints of projects; selecting, managing and working with sub-contractors; supporting the conversion of small-scale processes into commercially viable large-scale operations; assuming responsibility for risk assessment, including hazard and operability (HAZOP) studies, for the health and safety of both company staff and the wider community; working closely with chemical engineers to monitor and improve the efficiency, output and safety of a plant; ensuring the process works at the optimum level, to the right rate and quality of output, in order to meet supply needs; making observations and taking measurements directly, as well as collecting and interpreting data from the other technical and operating staff involved; assuming responsibility for environmental monitoring and ongoing performance of processes and process plant; ensuring that all aspects of an operation or process meet specified regulations; working closely with other specialists, including: scientists responsible for the quality control of raw materials, intermediates and finished products; engineers responsible for plant maintenance; commercial colleagues on product specifications and production schedules; and the operating crew.

ZigBee is the set of specs built around the IEEE 802.15.4 wireless protocol. The IEEE is theInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, a non-profit organization dedicated to furthering technology involving electronics and electronic devices. The 802 group is the section of the IEEE involved in network operations and technologies, including mid-sized networks and local networks. Group 15 deals specifically with wireless networkingtechnologies, and includes the now ubiquitous 802.15.1 working group, which is also known as Bluetooth. The standard itself is regulated by a group known as the ZigBee Alliance, with over 150 members worldwide. While Bluetooth focuses on connectivity between large packet user devices, such as laptops, phones, and major peripherals, ZigBee is designed to provide highly efficient connectivity between small packet devices. As a result of its simplified operations, which are one to two full orders of magnitude less complex than a comparable Bluetooth device, pricing for ZigBee devices is extremely competitive, with full nodes available for a fraction of the cost of a Bluetooth node. There is a lot in common between Zigbee and Bluetooth, like both operating in the same frequency band of 2.4 GHz and belonging to the same wireless private area network (IEEE 802.15). But even if this is the case, they are not exactly competing technologies. Also, there is a multitude of differences between the two wireless technologies for personal area networks both application and technical. As will be explained in the article, both technologies aim towards a different set of devices and applications and different means of designing for those applications. Whereas Bluetooth is geared towards user mobility and eliminating cabling between short-distanced devices, zigbee is more oriented towards remote control and automation. Bluetooth aims at doing away with the cabling

between devices that are in close proximity with each other for example between mobile phone and a laptop or desktop or a printer and a PC. Users with Bluetooth supported handsets are able to effortlessly exchange documents, calendar appointments and other files. Zigbee supports protocols for defining a type of sensor network that controls applications used in residential and commercial settings such as air conditioning, heating and lighting. It harmonizes the application software layers specified by the zigbee alliance and the IEEE 802.15 that defines the physical and MAC protocol layers. Zigbee is anticipated to be able to eliminate electrical cabling in houses thereby allowing the freedom of wireless light switches.

Digital TV is a standard of broadcasting that involves the use of digital signals instead of the analog signals, traditionally used with television broadcasts. Though there is some confusion on the topic, the presence of a digital signal does not mean there is high definition television. The two are very distinct. Digital signals do make high definition possible, but not guaranteed. The benefits of digital television is there is no signal degradation, meaning the picture can be sent clearer, and the sound will also be of better quality. To truly understand what digital TV is, it is necessary to understand the difference betweenanalog and digital signals. An analog signal is an wave that is sent or recorded in its original form. It is like a cast made of a footprint that is transported from one location to another. The form of the cast never changes during transport. A digital signal breaks down the signal and assigns it numbers for reconstruction at the destination. In some ways it is like a puzzle that is taken apart after each piece is numbered, then put together in another location. Short for Digital Television, it is a digital television standard that is fast replacing analog (or NTSC analog) television. DTV enables broadcasters to offer television with movie-quality picture and sound. It also offers greater multicasting and interactive capabilities. While many use the terms Digital Television (DTV) and High-definition Television (HDTV) interchangeably, they are, in fact, two different things. DTV refers to the actual TV signal being transmitted digitally (instead of as an analog signal). DTV offers several broadcast options, two of which are considered to be HDTV formats. Some of the more common DTV standards include: 480i: -the digital version of current analog signals. 480p: - provides a sharper image and looks closer to HDTV than regular television. Today all DVDs can be played on EDTV. 720p: - provides an image close in quality to 1080i, but allows 480p signals to be broadcast as well. 1080i: - the most detailed HDTV image available from broadcast TV The numbers above represent the vertical resolution, while the letters represent interlaces or progressive scan (i) (p). For example, 1080i represents 1080 vertical resolution, interlaced. For more information on the complete list of current DTV standards, you can visit the ATSC Web site listed in the links section below. A U.S. Senate panel has set an April 7, 2009, as the deadline for television stations to switch entirely from analog to digital broadcasts. Analog televisions will work until all analog broadcasting ceases. Once the transition to complete DTV has taken place, a converter will be required to receive DTV signals and change them to the analog format of these older types of televisions. However, these DTV-to-analog converters will not produce true DTV quality.