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Solar Energy On an average West Bengal receives 1600 kWh/m2 of Solar energy per year.

The climatic datas of West Bengal : Average number of Sunny days in a year: 250 days Number of partial Sunny days in a year: 60 days Total overcast days in a year: 55 days Highest ambient Temperature in Summer: 400 C Highest ambient Temperature in winter: 270 C Lowest Temperature in winter: 80 C Solar energy is being utilized in West Bengal, mainly for village electrification programme. However, there are some applications in respect of Solar Thermal energy programme also. The State of West Bengal has made significant progress in respect of village electrification through Solar PV route. There are about 2,000 villages in west Bengal where conventional electric line cannot be extended due to prohibitive cost. 400 villages out of these 2000 villages have already been electrified by Solar PV route. Two Types of PV systems are being utilized for village electrification :

Solar Home Lighting system with 40 Wp/50 Wp/70 Wp SPV Module. Centralised Solar PV Power Plants of capacity 25-50 kW range and setting up of mini grids in the villages from where people get grid quality electricity.

The total Solar PV installed capacity in the State of West Bengal has exceeded 1 MW recently. There are more than 15 Stand Alone type Power Plants in Sundarabans area of west Bengal operating for about last 5 years in revenue-oriented mode. Micro level entrepreneurs are maintaining the Solar Home Lighting Systems. The number of which has crossed eighty thousand. Every year about Ten thousand Solar consumer are being added in the state. West Bengal Renewable Energy Development Agency in association with MNES, Govt. of India is formulating a major scheme to set up about 200 nos. of SPV Power Plants of capacity 25 kW to 100 kW for electrification of entire Sundarban Islands, which has unique eco-system in the whole world. WBREDA has also installed a large number of Solar Street lights in different remote areas of West Bengal, particularly in Jetties and Forest areas. The total number of Solar PV Street Lights working in the State has exceeded 2,000. Recently WBREDA has installed some solar street lights in the city of Kolkata. In order to make available the Solar PV system at doorsteps WBREDA has set up a large number of Aditya Solar Shops and Rural Adityas in different parts of West Bengal. The main Aditya Solar Shops are being looked after by WBREDA and the Rural Aditya Solar Shops are being looked after by private entrepreneurs. In the area of Solar Thermal, WBREDA has so far installed more than 5 lacs liters/day Solar Water Heating Systems and sold more than 10,000 Solar Cookers in the State. WBREDA has a plan to install 50,000 Solar Home Lighting Systems in the State during the next five years. A large number of families in the city of Kolkata is now using Solar Water Heating system.

F A Qs
Some frequently asked questions about Renewable Energy Systems:1. In case of installation of Solar PV Lighting System what will be the available subsidy? Ans : As per the new guidelines of the MNRE, Govt. of India under National Solar Mission subsidy pattern is as following:1. Benchmark cost of 1 KW SPV Power Plant is ` 3.0 lacs. The bench mark cost for 37 Wp Solar Photovoltaic

Street Lighting System is ` 11,100/- . Out of this, Govt. of India will provide the subsidy of 30% of system cost. 2. For domestic (home) lighting systems [from 10W to 200W] Refinance Scheme of MNRE-NABARD has been introduced where both capital & interest subsidy are there. The Govt. of India will provide the subsidy of 30% of system cost. 20% of system cost is to be borne by the user as down payment. 50% of system cost will be available from the bank finance with low interest loan through NABARD The National Bank on Agriculture & Rural Development (NABARD). So for further course of action in this respect, interested people may contact to the regional office of the National Bank on Agriculture & Rural Development (NABARD) in Kolkata (Building: Abhilasha-1, 6 Royd Street, Kolkata 700016) or its District level offices. 3. For institutional systems [201 W to 500 KW] only capital subsidy will be available.(Low interest bank loan will not be available.) Capital subsidy is ` 90 per Wp or 30% of the system cost whichever is less for systems having battery. This is for Non-profit organizations. For profit making organizations, subsidy amount will be ` 70 per Wp. For systems without battery; subsidy will be available in the tune of ` 70 per Wp or 30% of the project cost whichever is less. Any type Solar PV applications like replacement of DG set, Solar Powered Sign Board, Solar Powered Mobile Towers, Solar Powered Pumpset, Solar Powered Water Purifier etc. are under the provision of the National Solar Mission and the mentioned subsidy pattern will be applicable for that. Solar PV HLS is a DC System and separate wiring may be required (cost of the same is included in the estimate, indicated above) for it. However existing wiring of electrified households may also be used by using DC to AC converter. Warranty for module is 10 years & warranty for battery is 5 years. Home Lighting System can be designed to meet up the any load demand of the user to operate light, fan points, TV, computer etc. Generally, two days backup is provided with the home lighting systemsso that systems can be operated at least for two days in case of continuous adverse weather conditions. System reliability may be increased further by providing higher battery backup. Then system may function for three/four days, even in adverse weather conditions. To design the capacity of Solar PV Lighting Systems, following information are required.
Sl. No Type of Load For example: 1. 2. Tube Light Fan Quantity in nos. Say 05 02 Capacity (Watt) Say 40 100 Hours of operation Say 05 05

People having conventional electricity at their premises, may avail solar powered inverter, which is nothing but an inverter charged by Solar PV Module. Solar Water Pumping System may also be installed with PV array of 1800 Wp for 2 HP motor capacities. Tentative cost is Rs. 2, 90,000/-. Subsidy will be available in the pattern as detailed above. Solar Powered vaccine refrigerator, solar powered water purifier; solar powered air-conditioning systems are also available in the market. The subsidy pattern may change time to time as per prevailing scheme of the Govt. of India and Govt. of West Bengal. 2. How to reduce electricity bills in domestic Sector? Ans : To reduce electricity consumption, energy efficiency measures are to be obtained. For example, energy efficient lighting systems are to be installed as per the requirement (type of activity) of the particular room or area. C FL shall be installed at corridors and toilets (instead of incandescent lamp). For areas where lighting systems will be in operation at night for a long time; CFL or LED lamp should be installed there. All existing tube lights having 40 W capacity should be replaced by energy efficient T 5 or T 12 slim tube lights. Solar Water Heating System can be installed in the place of Electrical Geyser to avail hot water with 50-850 C temperature all through the year. The above replacements will correspond to reduction of consumption of electricity without compromising the existing activity level. It is to note that energy efficiency is the cost effective and viable measure to reduce the electricity bill. 3. Will solar electricity reduce the Electricity bills? Ans : The reply of this question is clearly No. If Solar system will be installed, it is observed that within the life span of the systems, its cost cannot be recovered from the savings of electricity due to the solar system. But

solar system can be availed as a reliable option of power supply which is free from external incidents like failure of thermal power plant, failure of local grid etc. It is also a clean and pollution free source of electricity. 4. How to avail subsidy? Ans: To avail subsidy, the individual (for systems up to 200Wp capacity) may contact to NABARD. Institutions have to apply to WBREDA mentioning the specific requirement in terms of wattage and hours of operation as per format in this respect which is available in WBREDA & MNRE websites. Systems can be installed only after obtaining subsidy sanction order. No subsidy will be available in case where systems have already been installed before obtaining the sanction of subsidy. The subsidy pattern may change time to time as per prevailing scheme of the Govt. of India and Govt. of West Bengal. 5. What are off grid and grid connected system? Ans: Under NSM there are two types of power plants, off grid and grid connected. a) For off grid power plant, capital subsidy will be available @ ` 90 per Wp or 30% of the project cost whichever is less in case of government/government aided institutions and individuals. The subsidy will be @ ` 70.00 Wp for private / commercial organizations. Power plant can be installed for the capacity range of 201 Wp to 500 kWp. The application form in this respect is available at WBREDA Web site ( The detailed project report (DPR) is to be prepared and to be submitted to WBREDA for obtaining capital subsidy in respect of off grid power plant. At present WBREDA is working with 2.5 kW power plant at Durgapur Government College, 4 No. 1 kW power plant in Purba Midnapore District, 100 KWp Power Plant at Pailan School, 100 KWp Power Plant at Calcutta Institute of Technology etc. The 100 kWp power pant at Heritage Institute, Kolkata has already been installed by WBREDA. b) For grid connected power plant, no capital subsidy will be available. Low interest loan may be available from the IREDA (Web site Ph.No.01126717400 to 12) upto 70% of the project cost. The balance 30% of the project cost is to be borne by the developer. The Govt. of India has entrusted the trading arm of NTPC (Namely NTPC Vidyut Bapar Nigam Ltd. or NTPC VVN) to purchase first 1000 MW solar power which is to be produced under the scheme. The preferential tariff (kindly note that it is not the fid in tariff) has been declared as ` 17.91 per unit by the CERC. The developer has to allow discount on it. The NTPC VVN will purchase power from the developer, where from the solar power may be available at the cheapest price (it means those who will allow the maximum discount). For rest of the project (beyond the first thousand MW) the Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) is to be made with the local distribution utility like WBSEDCL, CESC etc. in West Bengal. Here tariff will be guided by the state electricity regulatory commission.( for West Bengal it is WBERC, web site Phone No.033 23593397-2189. ) The present tariff rate is ` 16.34 per unit for West Bengal. 6. How to get subsidy for Solar PV Street Lighting System [SPV-SLS]:Ans: The configuration of Solar PV SLS is as following:Model Solar PV Street Lighting System (RA) System Configuration 4 meter Steel Tubular Pole, 74 Wp Module, 75 Ah Battery, one no 11 W CF Lamp Working Hours Dusk to dawn Cost Rs. 24,700/WBREDA Contribution Rs. 19,200/UserContribution Rs. 5,500/-

For Street Lighting System, WBREDA will maintain the system, initially for 05 years at free of cost. However, necessary up keeping measures like regular cleaning of module, cutting of tree branches(if required), periodic top up of battery with distilled water ( distilled water will be supplied by WBREDA) are to be ensured by users for sustenance of systems. Systems are to be installed at shadow free areas and security of systems will be the responsibility of users. No commercial organization is entitled to avail capital subsidy for solar PV street lighting programme. Govt. organization/ Govt. aided organization/registered NGOs may apply to obtain capital subsidy in respect of Solar PV street lighting system. The application is to be written to the Director, WBREDA in their respective letter head of the applicant mentioning the quantity required, specific location of installation, utility of the system. The

application must be vetted through the local Panchayet Samity/ Chairman of Municipal Authority. After due scrutiny of the application, WBREDA may issue subsidy sanction order and may intimate the applicant to place their contribution to WBREDA. After availability of the users contribution at WBREDA; WBREDA will do the work through its selected agencies (through tendering process) as per govt. norms. WBREDA may reject the application also. No subsidy will be granted for SPV-SLS which are not used for community purpose. It may be noted that Honble Member of the Parliament/Honble Member of the Legislative Assembly/Panchayet Samity/Zilla Parishad may provide the user contribution from their respective head of fund for installation of Solar PV SLS. For MP LADS / BEUP the norms are as follows: a) The Honble MP/ MLA may write to WBREDA mentioning the quantity of requirement, area of installation and utility of systems b) WBREDA will then send a reply mentioning availability of subsidy and detailed description, specifications of system c) The Honble Member may then forward the proposal of WBREDA to the respective District Magistrate (D.M.) for sanctioning the project d) After due scrutiny, as per guidelines; the D.M. office, then may sanction the project and issue a sanction letter e) WBREDA will then collect the fund from the D.M. office f) WBREDA will then physically implement the project at site. Normally it takes 45 to 60 days to install such system at a particular location in and around Kolkata after receipt of user contribution by WBREDA. It may take 65 to 80 days for balance districts of West Bengal after availability of user contribution by WBREDA. At present per system user contribution is Rs. 5,500/-. The subsidy pattern may change time to time as per prevailing scheme of the Govt. of India and Govt. of West Bengal. 7. What is subsidy for Solar Water Heating Systems & what is the procedure to avail capital subsidy for Solar Water Heating System (SWHS)? Ans: The subsidy pattern for Solar Water Heating System is as following:Sl. No 1. 2. 3. Type of Collector Evacuated Tube Collectors (ETCS) Flat Plate Collectors (FPC) with liquid as working fluid Flat Plate Collector with air as the working fluid Capital subsidy amount per sq. meter of collector area [`/sq. m] 3,000/3,300/2,400/-

From a 1 sq. meter SWHS, 50 liters hot water is available per day. From this system, hot water is available almost for 365 days in a year with average temperature in the tune of 400 to 950 C. The life of the system is 20 years. The way to avail subsidy for the SWHS is same as Solar PV Street Lighting System. First, the user has to place application. Then WBREDA will sanction the application and will issue subsidy sanction letter for eligible application (or will communicate the reason for its not sanction). After receipt of sanction; the applicant will have to place their user contribution portion to WBREDA. After receipt of fund, WBREDA will install the system within 60 days from the date receipt of fund. The subsidy pattern may change time to time as per prevailing scheme of the Govt. of India and Govt. of West Bengal. 8. For what areas of Renewable Energy, capital subsidy is available? Ans: In addition to above mentioned cases, Capital Subsidy is available for following Renewable Energy Programmes also:a. Bio Energy (Biogas & Biomass) b. Battery Operated Vehicle [two & four wheeler] c. Remote Village Electrification (RVE) Programme The subsidy pattern may change time to time as per prevailing scheme of the Govt. of India and Govt. of West Bengal. 9. RVE Programme:WBREDA is implementing the Remote Village Electrification (RVE)work at different villages [Name: Gobindapur

Abad, Krishnadaspur, Gobardhanpur, Satyadaspur, Sridharnagar, Upendranagar, Rakhalpur, Maushuni, Kushumtala, Baliara, Bagdanga, Dayapur, Satjalia, Sudhansupur, Lahiripur, Hamilton Abad, Sadhupur, Luxabagan, Mathurakhand, Paschim Radhanagar, Purba Sripatinagar, Paschim Sripatinagar, Rakshaskhali, Ghoramara etc.] in 24 Pgs (S) District where all resident families may avail Solar PV Home Lighting System [@ 90% subsidy, which is 90% of system cost], community Lighting and Solar PV Street Lighting System at the mentioned locations. The selection of site under RVE Programme is done by the Government, as per the Govt. guidelines available in this respect 10. Name of concerned officials and other contacts of WBREDA
Sl. No 1. Type of Work All Renewable Energy related works under WBREDA For Remote Village Electrification (RVE), Power Plant, Biomass, Gasifier for Rural Electrification, Tidal, Geo-Thermal, Biogas (NBMMP), Improve Chullha For Non RVE Home Light, Street Light, Rice Husk based Gasifier & Cogeneration, National Solar Mission, Off Grid Solar PV Power Plant, Solar Water Heating System, Awareness Programme, Fair & Exhibition, Renewable Energy Club, Energy Conservation, Solar PV Pump, Wind, Training, Solar Cooker (family size), and Energy Efficiency Programme. For Biogas, Solar Cooker (community based) , Improve Chullha & GeoThermal Programme For Remote Village Electrification (RVE) Programme For Village Energy Security Programme Rice Husk based Gasifier, Cogeneration, National Contact Person Sri S. Bhattacharya Designation Director-inCharge Phone /Mobile No. 033 2357 5037/ 6569/ 5038 9831058317 9830855868 E-mail ID


Sri Angshuman Majumder

Divisional Engineer


Sri Joy Chakraborty

Divisional Engineer



Sri Subrata Biswas

Asst. Director



Sri R. Bose

Asst. Director



Sri Sushanta Biswas

Asst. Director


Solar Mission, Off grid Solar PV Power Plant, Wind, Solar PV Pump 7. For Northern districts of West Bengal (North Bengal) For Small Hydro, Tidal Project For Advertisement, Battery operated Vehicle. Sri T. Chakraborty Officer inCharge 8926409252

8. 9.

Sri S.K. Dey Sri Subrata Biswas (Sr.)

Consultant Consultant

9830390631 9831945446

Some Important Addresses and Phone Nos.:Name Aditya Solar Shop, Alipore Aditya Solar Shop, Durgapur Aditya Solar Shop, Siliguri WBREDA: Kolkata Office Address 34 B, Belvedier Road, Kolkat: 700027 Akbar Road, Durgapur-713204 2nd Mile Power House Complex, Sevoke Road, Siliguri-734001. West Bengal Renewable Energy Development Agency Bikalpa Shakti Bhawan, Plot No. J-1/10, Sector - V, EP & GP Block, Salt Lake Electronics Complex, WBREDA, Siliguri Office, Anand Mongal Square Building, S.F. Road, Siliguri-734005 Ministry of New & Renewable Energy, Block No. : 14, C. G. O. Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi 110 003. Phone No. / FAX / Website (033) 2479 0406 0343 570244 0353 2548342 (033)2357-5038/ 5348, Tele FAX: 033 2357 5037 Website:

WBREDA : Siliguri Office MNRE

Tele FAX: 0353 2502452

011-24363035/ 0707

2) Format for submission of proposal to MNRE for central financial assistance for Installation of Roof Top SPV system

1. Name of establishment and authorized contact person with complete postal address, telephone, fax number and e-mail address for correspondence purpose. 2. Whether profit making/ non-profit making 3. Total sanctioned and connected load 4. DG sets installed with capacities 5. Load on DG set during off grid/ load shedding Minimum/Maximum Average Diesel consumption per month 6. Average hours of power cut during day time

7. Details of system proposed to be installed at beneficiarys premises i) Place of installation ii) Capacity of SPV panels proposed to be installed (kWp) iii) Battery storage proposed (kW-hr @C10) iv) Other major components/ subsystems proposed to be installed v) Total shadow-free roof area and earmarked for installation of the system (sq.m) 8. Comparative statement of cost details and Technical specifications in respect of major components/ subsystems as offered by different eligible manufacturers/ suppliers 9. Name and address of supplier selected for turn-key installation of the system 10. Detailed Project Report to be submitted. DPR will include location and site plan, technical specifications of SPV modules, sub-systems, major components; expected outcome from proposed installation in terms of fuel savings with detailed calculations. 11. Item wise budget break-up of project cost (equipment, civil works, installation & commissioning charges, etc.).AMC charges for 5 years 12. MNRE support sought as per the scheme provisions 13. Means of financing of balance system cost: 14. Commitments from the beneficiary i) We will bear the remaining (apart from the MNRE support) cost as per details in para 13 above. (ii) We will not dismantle/ shift the system at any stage without prior written permission of MNRE (iii) We will regularly use and properly maintain the system and submit quarterly performance report for a minimum period of one year from the date of installation through the implementing agency. (iv) We will be responsible for operation and maintenance of the system post commissioning. (v) We will take Annual Maintenance Contract for a period of at least 5 years after completion of the warranty period from the manufacturer/ supplier. Place .. Date. Signature with Name and Seal of Head of Beneficiary organization Facts examined and verified by ... (Signature with Name, Designation and Seal of Implementing Agency)

Solar PV Home Lighting System can be provided to any household (electrified or unelectrified) through Bank Loan Scheme with any Local Bank / SKUS / Co-operative etc. where the Zilla Parishad may act as a motivator or coordinator of the programme. Presently this type of programme is continuing with the Bangiya Gramin Vikash Bank and Paschimbanga Gramin Bank at different districts of West Bengal. (For details, the relevant scheme is available at MNRE website.) If there exists any unelectrified mouza or village which is difficult to be covered by conventional electricity and is presently not covered by the Rajib Gandhi Gramin Vaidyutiyan Yojana (RGGVY, Phase II), the Zilla Parishad may write to WBREDA for its electrification through Solar PV System under Remote Village Electrification (RVE) Programme. In this programme, up to 90% of the project cost may be available from WBREDA, if the recommendation of the District Authority will be accepted by the Deptt. of Power & NES, Govt. of West Bengal and REC, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Govt. of India.

3) Solar PV Pump:

Solar PV Pump may be used for providing drinking water and irrigation. The Zilla Parishad may identity locations and collects data regarding height of water lifting and command area for supply of water. Then they may write to WBREDA with site specific data. WBREDA may then scrutinize the application and send the estimate to the Govt. of India for sanction to avail the subsidy; the applicant is to place the proposal to WBREDA for its sanction and project can be implemented only after receipt of sanction. In no case, subsidy will be disbursed to the applicant, who has done the project, before the sanction is obtained.

4) Improved Chullha:
Improved Chullha (tentative cost for each portable type improved Chullha is Rs.300/-) is a very much essential item to reduce consumption of fire wood and indoor pollution level because the Chullha is a smokeless and fuel efficient solution for cooking. At present Govt. subsidy is available in this programme. Interested user organization may write to WBREDA in this respect.

5) Biogas Programme:
From cow dung, biogas can be produced for cooking. This gas can be utilized for production of electricity also. The slurry, which is produced in this process, can be used as good quality bio-manure. At present Govt. subsidy is available in this programme. Interested user organization may write to WBREDA in this respect. Subsidy is as following:
Sl. No Category Capital subsidy amount per sq. meter of collector area [`/sq. m] 1 CUM fixed Dome 2 CUM and above fixed Dome 1. CUM fixed Dome 2 CUM and above fixed Dome Amount of Subsidy (Rs.) Changed subsidy may be mentioned

1. 2. 3. 4.

Kalimpong, Kurseong, subdivision of Darjeeling District and Sundarban area. Kalimpong, Kurseong, subdivision of Darjeeling District and Sundarban area. SC, ST Small & Marginal Farmer Land less Labours SC, ST Small & Marginal Farmer Land less Labours

6) Energy Efficiency Programme:

Conservation of energy is very much important in present perspective to reduce energy consumption and to protect the environment. Conservation of electricity, cooking-fuel, transport fuel etc. through energy efficiency programmes are promoted by the Govt. through various agencies including WBREDA. This may be implemented at anywhere. Some popular examples are using CF Lamp instead of using incandescent lamp, using pressure cooker which reduces the cost of use of energy and correspondingly reduction of the carbon-die-oxide emission to the atmosphere. WBREDA has started the process to establish the Regional Energy Efficiency Centre (REEC). Regular awareness & training programmes are now taking place. Interested people may contact to WBREDA in this respect. A background note on REEC is given below: Almost 70% of our total energy requirement comes by burning of coal. It corresponds to emission of Green House Gases which is ultimately increases the global temperature, resulting the climate change. The Government of India has introduced the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) by 2008. Under this programme, there are eight National Missions. Two Missions are related to Energy: (i) Enhanced Energy Efficiency Mission, (ii) National Solar Mission. To reduce the emission, there are two methods: efficient use of existing source of energy and change of existing source of energy. Like other States of the country, West Bengal has on an average 13% to 15% shortage during the peak hours. Energy Efficiency and enhanced used of Renewable Energy are very much relevant to chop the evening peak. Different States like Gujarat, Tamilnadu, Maharashtra, Delhi etc have already introduced the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Programmes in combined manner. The Govt. of India has introduced an organization, Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), under the Ministry of Power to support such programmes. Changing the time clock (Bangladesh), Energy Efficient star rated building (the newly constructed assembly building in Chennai; CEPT University in Ahmedabad etc.) are such important programmes, as already been done in India and neighboring countries. There are different foreign agencies like USAID (US), GTZ (Germany) etc. who are supporting these energy efficiency programmes jointly with the Ministry of Power, Govt. of India. It is one of the initiatives of BEE with USAID ECO II Project to establish four centre of excellence at four different parts of the country for awareness generation, show casing of Energy Efficiency products and development of energy efficiency practices. The Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Management Centre has been established in New Delhi. The Regional Energy Efficiency Centre on building sector has already been started at CEPT University, Ahmedabad. The same centre on SME sector is under construction at Nagpur. WBREDA in collaboration with the State Designated Agency ( SDA) on Energy Conservation (WBSEDCL) and USAID ECO II Project has conceived such a centre on Home Appliances, at Energy Education Park, Kolkata. The foundation stone laying programme of the same took place on 14/12/2009 by the Honble MIC, Power & NES, and Govt. of West Bengal in presence of the Principal Secretary, Power & NES and the US Ambassador to India. The Govt. of West Bengal has already sanctioned fund for the same. The Regional Energy Efficiency

Centre on Home Appliances, Kolkata has already organized 18 no. of training programmers of domestic users, housewives, school and college children, jointly with WBSEDCL, Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA), Govt. of India, Manoranjan Roy Energy Education Centre (MREEC), FOSET, Geo Observing Society etc. A pilot project on demand side management of energy efficient Street Lighting and Pumping System is under consideration of the State Urban Development Agency (SUDA), Govt. of West Bengal for 04 no. Municipalities and Municipal Corporations of West Bengal. Any interested individual or institute may write to WBREDA for implementation of this programme.

7) Solar Cooker for Mid-day meal programme:

For midday meal preparation, Solar Cooker may be installed. If sunlight is available, any item (except fry) can be cooked tentatively within one hour. Each cooker (tentative cost with container is Rs.20,000/-) can prepare meal for 15 people at a time. The Zilla Parishad/Interested School Authority may send a list of schools with commitment for at least 50% contribution from their end. WBREDA may arrange for balance fund. In West Bengal, Solar Cooker can be used for cooking approximately for 320 days in a year. This will function for a long time, until and unless it is broken by any external reason. This will reduce the quantity of fire wood consumption and also reduce the pollution level. Govt. subsidy is available. Family size solar cooker are also available in the market of domestic use.

8) Hot Water Programme

Govt. subsidy is available. For availing hot water, Solar Water Heating System (SWHS) can be installed. Tentative cost (supply and installation of materials up to delivery line of hot water) of 100 liters per day Solar Water Heating System (SWHS) is Rs. 18,000/- to Rs. 25,000/- . Cost of pipeline will be extra. The SWHS can be installed, as per the required capacity of the user for domestic, commercial & industrial uses.

9) Biomass Based Co-Generation / Gassifier Programme

Using Rice Husk or similar biomass (in turbine or gasifier route) electricity can be generated for captive use or for supply of electricity to grid. Government subsidy is available. Programme Components: i. Biomass Gasifier based Distributed / Off-grid power programme for Rural Areas: Biomass gasifier based distributed / off grid power systems in rural areas limited to 250 kW installed capacity, which have surplus biomass resources and unmet demand of electricity for internal lighting, water pumping and micro enterprises including telecom towers etc will be supported. The project may preferably be set up following a cluster approach. ii. Biomass gasifier based captive power generation in Rice Mills and other industries: Biomass gasifier based captive power plants will be supported in rice mills and other industries for meeting their captive needs and surplus power fed into the grid / distributed in local areas. iii. Biomass Gasifier based Grid Connected Power Programme: a. b. c. Biomass gasifier based MW level grid connected power plants with 100% producer gas engines will be supported. Besides, biomass based grid connected Boiler-Turbine-Generator (BTG) projects, preferably at tail end of the grid and having a decentralized distribution component would also be supported. The maximum installed capacity of each such project would be 2 MW.

Submission & Approval Process: The following methodology would be followed for submission and approval of project proposals: i. Programme Implementing Agencies / Organizations will submit proposals to the Ministry with requisite information separately for village based proposals through gasifiers, gasifier based captive power project in rice mills using husk as per indicative proforma given respectively. ii. Grid connected project proposals should contain Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) covering salient features as per the format. The project developer should enter into agreement with the utilities for sale of power or 3rd party sale and furnish copies of the PPA, copies of all clearance from statutory angle along with loan agreement

or supporting documents for meeting balance funds etc. Only grid interactive projects would be supported which has envisaged fuel linkage mechanisms to ensure regular supply of the required quantity of biomass feed stock and provision of collection, processing and storage of biomass. Suggested points to be covered in the Detailed Project Reports (DPR) and Application Format for biomass gasifier based grid power generation projects as per indicative proforma. The projects based on BTG route should have provision for decentralized distribution component and details should be provided in the project proposal.

Pattern of Central Financial Assistance (CFA):

Pattern of Central Financial Assistance (CFA) for various components is given below:
S No. i. Items Distributed / off grid power projects in rural areas and grid connected power projects with 100% producer gas engines or biomass based combustion projects. Biomass gasifier systems retrofitted with duel fuel mode engines For thermal applications. iii. Captive power projects (captive power less than 50%) and / or feeding surplus power to grid in rice mills (with 100% producer gas engines or biomass based combustion projects). Projects involving installation of 100% gas engines with an existing gasifier. Biomass gasifier projects for Distributed / Off-grid for Rural Areas and grid connected power projects for ensuring regular availability of biomass, provision of collection, processing and storage and operation & maintenance including compulsory AMC for 5 years after the guarantee period. Support towards lighting devices and distribution network Pattern of CFA Rs.15,000 per kW


Rs. 2,500 per kW Rs. 2.0 lakh / 300 KW th Rs.10,000 per kW

iv. v.

Rs.10.00 lakh per 100 kW Rs.1.50 lakh per 50 kW


Financial support limited to a maximum of 3 km i.e. Rs.3.00 lakh per project (@ Rs.1.00 lakh per km). Financial incentives of Rs.5000/- per projects to the banks / FIs, manufacturers, promoters, consultants & service providers for developing firmed up and bankable proposals for a minimum of 10 projects or above. Rs.10,000/- per 100 kW subject to maximum of Rs.1.00 lakh for a project of 1 MW capacity. A minimum service charge would be Rs.10,000/- per site Rs.0.50 lakh Rs.1.00 lakh


Support towards project formulation


Service charges for Verification and Certification


Preparation of Detailed Project Report (DPRs) for centralized distributed / grid connected / captive power generation project: - Projects between 100-500 kW capacities - Projects above 500 kW capacities. - DPR is not required for the projects below 100 kW capacities.

10) Bio Diesel:

Bio Diesel can be produced from Jatropha Plant. This plantation can be done at barren land and no irrigation is required for this. Presently, a big plant for production of Bio Diesel has been established at Jamuria, Howrah.

11) Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission [JNNSM or NSM]

This is a very ambitious programme, with an aggregated capacity of 22000 MW capacity additions through Solar Power by 2022.


Introduction: Now a day we are facing a huge problem of load shedding. After 63 years of our independence we can only supply electricity to the 50% of our population. According to the data available up to Dec 2009 the over all install capacity in our country in our country is 1 lac 65 thousand MW and after 2030 it will be increased by 8 lac MW. Almost the 70% of this comes from coal and petroleum. But if we continuing the use of coal it will be duplicated because it is a nonrenewable source and its reserve is limited and the interruption will be also continued. So we have to use some renewable energy sources like solar energy, wind energy, biomass energy, hydro energy etc. by 2022 the solar energy installation capacity will be 2200 MW of which 2000 MW is for on grid and 200 MW is for off grid. There are other advantages that accompany the use of solar power. Solar energy is a free and an inexhaustible source of fuel. There is no pollution or wastage resulting from its use. In small and remote areas where it is too difficult to extend the conventional grid, solar power may be the only source of energy, if it is not possible to draw energy from other sources. The Govt. of India has launched the JAWAHARLAL NEHRU NATIONAL SOLAR MISSION to promote use of solar energy in the country. Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission: The national solar mission is a major initiative of the Government of India and state Governments to promote ecologically sustainable growth while addressing Indias energy security challenge. It will also constitute a major contribution by India to the global effort to meet the challenges of climate change. In launching Indias National Action Plan on Climate Change on June 30, 2008, the honorable Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh stated: Our vision is to make Indias economic development energy efficient. Over a period of time, we must pioneer a graduate shift from economic activity based on fossil fuels to one based on non-fossil fuels and from reliance on non-renewable and depleting sources of energy to renewable sources of energy. In this strategy, the sun occupies centre-stage, as it should, being literally the original source of all energy. We will pool our scientific, technical and managerial talents with sufficient financial resources, to develop solar energy as a source of abundant energy to power our economy and to transform the lives of our people. Our success in this endeavor will change the face of India. It would also enable India to help change the destinies of people around the world. Objectives: The objective of the National Solar Mission is to establish India as a global leader in solar energy, by creating the policy conditions for its diffusion across the country as quickly as possible. The mission will adopt a 3-phase approach as follows:


Phase 1: Remaining period of the 11th Plan and first year of the 12th Plan (up to 2012-13), Phase 2: Remaining 4 years of the 12th Plan (2013-17), Phase 3: 13th Plan (2017-22).

To create an enabling policy framework for the development of 20,000 MW of solar power by 2022. To ramp up capacity of grid connected solar power generation to 1000 MW within three years by 2013. Additional 3000 MW by 2017 through the mandatory use of the renewable purchase obligation by

utilities backed with a preferential tariff. To promote programs for off-grid applications, reaching 1000 MW by 2017 and 2000 MW by 2022. To create favorable conditions for solar manufacturing capability, particularly solar thermal for indigenous production and market leadership. 30% capital subsidy for certain category of solar energy system. Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) mandated for power utilities, with a specific solar component. Set up 20 million stand alone rural solar power plants in special category states such as Lakshadweep, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Ladakh region of J&K by 2022. Border areas would also be included. To achieve 15 million sq. meters solar thermal collector area by 2017 and 20 million by 2022. The ambitious target of 20,000 MW or more for 2022 will be dependent on the learning of the first two phases, which if successful, could lead to conditions of grid competitive solar power. The transition could be appropriately up scaled, based on availability of international finance and technology.

Mission Strategy (Phase 1 and 2): The first phase will announce the board policy framework to achieve the objectives of National Solar Mission by 2022. The policy announcement will create the necessary environment to attract industry and project developers to invest in research; domestic manufacturing and development of solar power generation and create the critical mass for a domestic solar industry. The mission will work closely with State Governments, Regulators, Power utilities and Local Self Government bodies to ensure that the activities and policy framework being laid out can be implemented effectively. Since some State Governments have already announced initiatives on solar, the Mission will draw up a suitable transition framework to enable an early and aggressive start-up.

Utility connected applications - constructing the solar grid. The bellow 800 C challenge - solar collectors. The off-grid opportunity - lighting homes of the power-deprived poor.

Policy and Regulatory Framework:

The Electricity Act already provides a role for renewable but given the magnitude and importance of the activities under the mission, it would be necessary to make specific amendments. National Tariff Policy, 2006 would be modified to mandate that the State Electricity regulates fix a percentage for purchase of solar power. The solar power purchase obligation for States may start with 0.25% in the phase 1 and to go up to 3% by 2022. NTPC has a wholly owned subsidiary company engaged in the business of trading of Power NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam Limited (NVVN). NVVN will be designated as nodal agency by the Ministry of Power (MOP) for entering into a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) with solar power Developers to purchase solar power fed to 33KV and above grid, in accordance with the tariff and PPA duration as fixed by the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission. The Ministry of Power shall allocate to NVVN, equipment MW capacity, from the Central unallocated quota from NTPC power stations, at the rate notified by the CERC bundling together with solar power. NVNV will undertake the scale of the bundle power to States utilities at the rates determined as per CERC regulation. The above arrangement will be limited to utility scale solar power generated from a maximum anticipated capacity of 1000 MW in the first phase. When NVVN supplies bundle power to State utilities at the determined as per CERC regulation, those State utilities will be entitled to use the solar part of the bundled power for meeting their Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) under the Electricity Act, 2003. CERC may issue appropriate guidelines in this regard. At the end of the first phase, well performing utilities with proven financial credentials and demonstrated willingness to absorb solar power shall be included in the scheme. The Mission will encourage rooftop solar PV and other small power plants, connected to LT/11 KV grid, to replace conventional power and diesel-based generators.

Fiscal Incentives: It is also proposed that custom duties and excise duties concessions/exemption be made available on specific capital equipment, critical materials, components and project imports.

Generation Based Incentives: With a view to develop and demonstrate technical performance of grid interactive solar power generation, achieve reduction in the cost of the grid connected solar systems and the cost of solar power generation in the country, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy will support Grid Interactive Solar Power Generation projects as demonstration projects in the country. The Ministry will consider support for a maximum capacity up to 50 MW during the 11th plan period. The Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA) will assist the Ministry in fund handling, monitoring and other associated activities in this regard. The following are the broad guidelines for submission of proposals by the interested project developers, details of incentives and other related guidelines. 1. Eligible Organizations 1.1 all existing registered companies, central and state power generation companies and public/private sector PV power project developers who have set up or propose to set up a registered company in India will be eligible for consideration of generation based incentive. Individuals, NGOs, financial institutions, societies and other unorganized investors are not eligible to participate directly. 2. Eligible Projects & Eligibility Criterion 2.1 Grid interactive solar PV Power Generation plants of a minimum installed capacity of one MWp per plant at a single location will be eligible for generation based incentive. However, one mega-watt capacity may be set-up through modular units to make one megawatt at a single location. 2.2 A maximum cumulative capacity of 10 MWp of Grid interactive solar PV power generation projects can be set up in a State. 2.3 Any project developer, who fulfills the procedural requirements and the guidelines specified by the Ministry, will be eligible for consideration of generation based incentive. Any project developer can set up grid interactive PV power generation projects up to a maximum of 5 MWp capacity in the country, either through a single project or multiple projects of a minimum capacity of one MWp each.

Availability of Soft Loan: The mission anticipates achieving parity with cost of electricity on the grid by 2022 and parity with coal-based thermal power by 2030. The plan is to produce 20,000 MW through solar power by 2022, up from just 200 MW now. So, include local agencies and power utilities are coming to measuring and promoting these systems and Government offers soft loans to support technology upgrades and increase manufacturing capacities, in order to achieve a more on efficiency and cost reductions. Indigenous production of cell and module: To create favorable conditions for solar manufacturing capability, particularly solar thermal for indigenous production and market leadership. Currently, the bulk of India's Solar PV industry is dependent on imports of critical raw materials and components - including silicon wafers. Transforming India into a solar energy hub would include a leadership role in low-cost, high quality solar manufacturing, including balance of system components. Proactive implementation of Special Incentive Package (SIPs) policy, to promote PV manufacturing plants, including domestic manufacture of silicon material, would be necessary. So include local agencies and power utilities are coming to measuring and promoting these systems. Then the price of solar product becomes less and many numbers of people can be employed.

12) List of Manufacturers of LED Lighting Systems

Sl. No. 1. Name & Address M/s Debtronics C/15, Ramgarh, Twisha Apartment, Gr. Floor, Kolkata 700 047 Phone: 033 2429 0314, Tele-Fax: 033 2429 1704 Website: e-mail: Mr. Manas Chakraborty Mobile : 9830567685, 9674720651, 9674720655 Email: ; M/s Exide Industries Limited 6A, Hatibagan Road, Entally, Kolkata 700 014,M. No. 9830732464 / 9830440008. Ph.No.22866135Fax No.- 91 (033) 2286 6186.E-mail:



M/s Sunshine Power Products Pvt. Ltd. Hanspukur Green Park, Bakrahat Road, Kolkata - 700 104. Ph. No.- 32014586 / 87; Fax No.(033) 2498 0508, Mobile 9903048266 / 9748418301 E-mail (i) M/s Binay OPTO Electronics Pvt. Ltd. 44, Armenian Street, Kolkata - 700 001 Telephone: 033-22429082, 22103807, 22102039 Fax: 033-22421493 E-mail:, M/s Marc Signage 20A, Lake View Road, Kolkata - 700029 Telephone: +91-33-2463-3021 Fax: +91-33-2463-0161 Mobile: +91-98310-87943 Email:



List of Manufacturers of Solar PV Lantern

Sl. No. 1. Name & Address M/s Agni Power & Electronics Pvt. Ltd. 10/72, Bijoygarh, Kolkata 700092. Fax & Ph. No.- (033) 2412 7367 / 483 6169. M 9433950220. M/s Bose Power Limited 156A, Lenin Sarani, 5th Flr., Room No.-502 A, Kamalaya Centre, Kolkata-13. Ph: (033) 3028 6420/ 21/22/23//24 Cell: 9830934800 M/s Durga Solar Enterprise ,Brojergram, Barabagan Byepass, Barabagan, Suri, Birbhum.Ph. No. : 9434499151/(03462)642489 E-mail: M/s Environ Energy Tech Service Ltd. 60A, Diamond Harbour Road, Thakurpukur, Kolkata 700 063. Ph. No.- 2285-0124 / 0125 / 0126 / 0127. Fax No.24380308, Mob.-9748402907, M/s Exide Industries Limited 6A, Hatibagan Road, Entally, Kolkata 700 014,M. No. 9830732464 / 9830440008. Ph.No.22866135Fax No.- 91 (033) 2286 6186.E-mail: M/s Geetanjali Solar Enterprise. P-14, Kasba Industrial Estate, Phase I, E. M. By-Pass, Kolkata 700107.Fax & Ph. No.- (033) 2442 0773 / 4027, Mobile 9831047780. E-mail: M/s Jay Industrial Co-Operative Society Ltd. 90/1, Prince Golam Hussain Shah Road, Kolkata 700095. Ph. No.- 2417 5468, 64559499 Mob 9230614427 / 9051924956 / 9231838751Telefax: 2417-5468 M/s Paulsons & Company 6B, Bondel Road, Kolkata-700019Phone: (033) 2280 7741, 9748931792E-mail: silve