Sei sulla pagina 1di 14
Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi Energi

Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi Energi DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF NEW RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENERGY

DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF NEW RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENERGY CONSERVATION MINISTRY OF ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES

INDONESIA: RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICIES AND REGULATION,

CHALLENGES IN INCENTIVIZING RE DEVELOPMENT

AND RURAL ELECTRIFICATION

by :

DR. DADAN KUSDIANA

3rd Asia Pacific Dialogue on Clean Energy Governance, Policy and Regulation

Manila, 4 6 Juni 2012

© EBTKE KESDM - 2011

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi Energi

OUTLINE

I. CURRENT STATUS AND UPDATES ON NATIONAL ENERGY II. III.
I.
CURRENT STATUS AND UPDATES ON NATIONAL ENERGY
II.
III.

SITUATION POLICIES ON SUSTAINABLE RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR RURAL AND REMOTE AREAS RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICIES ON ON-GRID IMPLEMENTATION BIOENERGY PROGRAMS CONCLUSION

IV. V.
IV.
V.

© EBTKE KESDM - 2011

2

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi Energi

INDONESIA CONDITION OF ENERGY (2011)
INDONESIA CONDITION OF ENERGY (2011)
National Energy Mix Total (2011)
National Energy Mix Total
(2011)
1176 million BOE
1176 million BOE

NRE

5.03% Coal 23.91% Natural Gas 24.29% Crude Oil 46.77%
5.03%
Coal
23.91%
Natural
Gas
24.29%
Crude Oil
46.77%

Elasticity of Energy = 1,65 Share of Non Fossil Energy 5%

1.

High dependence on fossil energy;

2.

The utilization of renewable energy is still low;

3.

The average of growth rate of energy consumption is 7% per year ;

4.

Public access to energy (modern) is still limited:

a. Electrification ratio of year 2011 is 72.95 % (27.05 % of households not yet electrified);

b. Less of development of energy infrastructure particularly in rural / remote areas and outer islands.

5.

Linkage to environmental issues:

a. Mitigation of climate change;

b. Carbon trading;

c. National commitment to reducing emissions 26% by

2020.

3

© EBTKE KESDM - 2011

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi Energi

National Electrification Ratio (Term I/2011)
National Electrification Ratio (Term I/2011)
Energi National Electrification Ratio (Term I/2011) Category : NAD 90.85% Kepri > 60 % Sumut 44.45%
Energi National Electrification Ratio (Term I/2011) Category : NAD 90.85% Kepri > 60 % Sumut 44.45%

Category :

NAD 90.85% Kepri > 60 % Sumut 44.45% 79.05% Katim 41 - 60 % 65.25%
NAD
90.85%
Kepri
> 60 %
Sumut
44.45%
79.05%
Katim
41
- 60 %
65.25%
Kalteng
Riau
Sulut
20
- 40 %
57.07%
58.66%
Gorontalo
65.84%
46.79%
Malut
Kalbar
63.84%
58.34%
Papua Barat
41.87%
Sumsel
Sumbar
56.39%
Sulbar
71.13%
60.85%
Sulteng
Babel
56.04%
Jambi
68.73%
75.71%
Sultra
Jakarta
47.11%
Bengkulu
Kalsel
Maluku
100%
61.11%
70.53%
72.62%
Bali
Sulsel
Papua
70.87%
65.93%
31.61%
Lampung
61.25%
Banten
67.29%
Jateng
DIY
70.42%
NTB
NTT
Jabar
75.70%
Jatim
31.20%
29.10%
69.04%
65.54%
 

Reliazation (Year)

 

Plan (Year)

 
 

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Electrification

Ratio

62%

63%

64.3%

65.1%

65.8%

67.2%

70.4%

73.6%

76.8%

80.0%

© EBTKE KESDM - 2011

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi Energi

RURAL ELECTRIFICATION
RURAL ELECTRIFICATION

Cost sharing with

Grid extension consumer (on-grid) Rural Elecrification Program Renewable energy Free of charge implementation for
Grid extension
consumer
(on-grid)
Rural
Elecrification
Program
Renewable energy
Free of charge
implementation for
remote areas (off-
grid)
State-own
company
centralised
distributed

State-Own Company & GOVT

Central and Local Government

© EBTKE KESDM - 2011

EnergiHij@u (5)

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi Energi

PROGRAM ON ENERGY SELF-SUFFICIENT VILLAGE (ESSV)
PROGRAM ON ENERGY SELF-SUFFICIENT VILLAGE
(ESSV)

ESSV is a village having capability to produce a part/whole their energy demand for consumptive and productive use.

CRITERIA

Utilization of locally available energy (renewable energy)

Creation of productive activities

Job creation

PROGRAM:

Utilization of locally available energy resources

Development of productive activities

Development of applicable technologies

Development of institution and people participatory

of applicable technologies – Development of institution and people participatory © EBTKE KESDM - 2011 EnergiHij@u

© EBTKE KESDM - 2011

EnergiHij@u (6)

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi Energi

INTEGRATED SMALL SCALE BIOETHANOL PLANT
INTEGRATED SMALL SCALE BIOETHANOL PLANT

Additional fertilizer

SMALL SCALE BIOETHANOL PLANT Additional fertilizer CASAVA PLANTATION WITH HIGH PRODUCTIVITY CASSAVA 5-100 HA

CASAVA PLANTATION WITH HIGH PRODUCTIVITY CASSAVA 5-100 HA

Liquid fertilizer, Organic fertilizer

CASSAVA 5-100 HA Liquid fertilizer, Organic fertilizer Leaf Cassava Ethanol 90- 95% 200 – 4.000 L/day

Leaf

Cassava

5-100 HA Liquid fertilizer, Organic fertilizer Leaf Cassava Ethanol 90- 95% 200 – 4.000 L/day Limbah

Ethanol 90- 95% 200 4.000 L/day

Leaf Cassava Ethanol 90- 95% 200 – 4.000 L/day Limbah padat COW MEAT 25 – 500
Leaf Cassava Ethanol 90- 95% 200 – 4.000 L/day Limbah padat COW MEAT 25 – 500

Limbah

padat

COW MEAT 25 500 heads

– 4.000 L/day Limbah padat COW MEAT 25 – 500 heads waste LAGOON Additional feed MEAT

waste

LAGOON

L/day Limbah padat COW MEAT 25 – 500 heads waste LAGOON Additional feed MEAT 25-500 head/4
L/day Limbah padat COW MEAT 25 – 500 heads waste LAGOON Additional feed MEAT 25-500 head/4
L/day Limbah padat COW MEAT 25 – 500 heads waste LAGOON Additional feed MEAT 25-500 head/4

Additional feed

padat COW MEAT 25 – 500 heads waste LAGOON Additional feed MEAT 25-500 head/4 months BIOGAS

MEAT

25-500 head/4 months

BIOGAS

© EBTKE KESDM - 2011

BIOETHANO

L

PLANT

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi Energi

SPECIAL ALLOCATION FUND ON RENEWABLE ENERGY
SPECIAL ALLOCATION FUND ON RENEWABLE ENERGY

Since 2011, in order to increase the accessibility of modern and clean energy in

rural and remote areas, the Government allocate special budget on renewable energy development, namely Dana Alokasi Khusus (DAK);

Through this policy, it is expected that the society can improve their welfare, since

the energy access is designed not only to fulfill the demand on daily needs but also

the demand from the productive activities;

Government and society at local level is stimulated to be more involved on renewable energy development. Local governments have responsibilities to

manage the budget, including planning, implementing, evaluating, monitoring and

reporting;

The scope of projects financed by DAK:

- microhydro;

- solar photovoltaic;

- biogas.

© EBTKE KESDM - 2011

8

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi Energi

PROGRAM BIOGAS RUMAH (PROGRAM BIRU)
PROGRAM BIOGAS RUMAH (PROGRAM BIRU)

This programme is implemented under bilateral cooperation between the

Government of Indonesia (GOI) and the Netherlands;

The program is funded by Netherlands Government, facilitated by the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources GOI, and implemented by HIVOS, as NGO from

Netherlands.

The programme period is from May 2009 until December 2012;

The program has a long term goal to develop biogas market in Indonesia and target to build minimum 8,000 good quality biogas unit at the end of 2012;

Until 18 May 2012, total biogas unit built is 5,142 unit distributed in 8 (eight)

provinces in Indonesia.

© EBTKE KESDM - 2011

9

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi Energi

IMPROVED COOKSTOVE PROGRAMME
IMPROVED COOKSTOVE PROGRAMME

The Program on Cook Stove has been initiated since late of 1980’s in collaboration

with reserach institutes, universities and local organizations. In 1990, under collaboration with Yayasan Dian Desa, the program on Improved Cook Stove, namely Program Tungku Sehat dan Hemat Energi (TSHE) was implemented. The

sources of fund are from the National Budget and international donor (through

ARECOP);

However, ICS is still unsuccessfully penetrate the market; while currently various designs on improved cook stove have been developed by some research

institutions;

Currently, - under collaboration between the GOI and World Bank, Indonesia is now implementing the Initiative Clean Cook Stove Program.

The program is still in initial phase: Indonesia Stocktaking Review/Sector Mapping:

Mapping of household cooking demand, Mapping of stove suppliers and their

issues and options, Mapping of key institutional players and review relevant policies and programs.

© EBTKE KESDM - 2011

10

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi Energi

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi Energi 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. INCENTIVES FOR COMMERCIAL ON-GRID

INCENTIVES FOR COMMERCIAL ON-GRID IMPLEMENTATION

4. 5. 6. 7. INCENTIVES FOR COMMERCIAL ON-GRID IMPLEMENTATION Giving priority for locally available renewable energy
4. 5. 6. 7. INCENTIVES FOR COMMERCIAL ON-GRID IMPLEMENTATION Giving priority for locally available renewable energy

Giving priority for locally available renewable energy resources (no need for tender)

Mandatory for electric utility to purchase electricity generated from

renewable energy

Regulated Purchasing Price (Feed-in Tariff)

Tax investment credit for electricity generated from renewable

energy (currently applies for geothermal)

Reduced or exempted custom tax for renewable energy technologies

Simple permit procedure

Support from the government for selected FS

© EBTKE KESDM - 2011

11

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi Energi

ELECTRICITY PRICE (FEED-IN TARIFF) BASED ON BIOMASS, BIOGAS, AND MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE *) (NEW FEED-IN-TARIFF: MINISTRY ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES NO. 4/2012)

No.

Energy

Capacity

Selling Price to PLN

 

Medium Voltage

 

1.

Biomassa

up to 10 MW

Rp 975,- / kWh X F

 

2.

Biogas

up to 10 MW

Rp 975,- / kWh X F

Non municipal waste

3.

Municipal Solid Waste

up to 10 MW

Rp 1,050,- / kWh

Zero waste *)

4.

Municipal Solid Waste

up to 10 MW

Rp 850,- / kWh

Landfill *)

Low Voltage

 

1

Biomassa

up to 10 MW

Rp 1,325,- / kWh X F

 

2

Biogas

up to 10 MW

Rp 1,325,- / kWh X F

Non municipal waste

3

Municipal Solid Waste

up to 10 MW

Rp 1,398,- / kWh

Zero waste *)

4

Municipal Solid Waste

up to 10 MW

Rp 1,198,- / kWh

Landfill *)

F as an incentive factor based on the region where the power plant installed, as follows:

Jawa, Bali, and Sumatera region

Kalimantan, Sulawesi , NTB and NTT region Maluku and Papua region

: F = 1

: F = 1,2 : F = 1,3

Note : *) Based on Act No. 18 Year 2008 concerning to Waste Management

© EBTKE KESDM - 2011

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi Energi

CONCLUSION
CONCLUSION

Indonesia has priorities to provide and utilize renewable energy resources

to increase access on modern energy for rural society;

Modern energy is ‘entry point’ to increase the welfare of rural society,

therefore the energy provision should be integrated designed with the

economic productive activities;

Some programs on renewable energy development has been implemented through different approaches: non-commercial, semi- commercial, and commercial;

New policy on feed-in-tariff is expected to increase the electrification ratio, especially in rural areas with more participation from private sectors;

Some incentives provide for renewable energy development: tax exemption, simplification on license procedure, and investment tax incentives.

© EBTKE KESDM - 2011

13

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Direktorat Jenderal Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi Energi

Thank You

Energi Baru Terbarukan dan Konservasi Energi Thank You Energy for the Welfare of Society KEMENTERIAN ENERGI

Energy for the Welfare of Society

Energi Thank You Energy for the Welfare of Society KEMENTERIAN ENERGI DAN SUMBER DAYA MINERAL REPUBLIK

KEMENTERIAN ENERGI DAN SUMBER DAYA MINERAL REPUBLIK INDONESIA

DIREKTORAT JENDERAL ENERGI BARU, TERBARUKAN, DAN KONSERVASI ENERGI

Jalan Jenderal Gatot Subroto, Kav. 49 Jakarta 12950; Telp/Faks : 021-5250575

www.ebtke.esdm.go.id

© EBTKE KESDM - 2011

14