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ASIA Clean Energy Forum 2012

Thailand Green Islands

Renewable Energy Investment on Remote Islands

Deputy Director-General Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency Ministry of Energy, Thailand --------------------------------------------------------------4-5 June 2012 ADB, Manila, Philippines

Twarath Sutabutr, Sc.D

Islands in Thailand


Gulf of Thailand Andaman Sea

562 Islands 347 Islands

Total = 909 Islands in Thailand

4 ongoing projects Green Islands by DEDE

Project Electricity generated by renewable energy for The Fishermens villages

Koh Jik

Koh Samui
APEC Low Carbon Model Town (LCMT)

Koh Raya
BoT contract with hotels&resorts

Green Island

Koh Paluay


Overall objective

To improve energy supply management in targete islands To achieve lower costs of delivered electricity with less environmental impact To reduce carbon footprint inhotels&resort.

Specific objective

Increased energy conservation, reduced energy consumption and Green House Gas(GHG) emissions through extensive use of green technologies and sustained tourist demand for eco-friendly hotels and resorts.

Main Activities
Review of literature

1) Reduce: energy analysis, increase energy efficiency.

2) Replace: select/adapt local technologies based on renewable sources. Perform on-site tests of selected solutions, training dissemination workshops.
3) Redesign: implement demonstrative showcase. Establishment of a communication/ information centre. 4) Capacity-building and extension: training and technical assistance for owners, managers and technicians. 5) Strengthen and build up trust on voluntary standards, certification schemes and eco-labeling: information/communication campaigns for tourists, training for tour operators, cooperation with standard setters/certification bodies and boost replication 6) Foster policy innovations: cooperation with related authorities and development of instruments to monitor resorts performance.



Evaluate the potential for the island

Appropriate analysis of technology & feasibility of finance

Attend the island potential & management

Design management plan focus on participation

Introduce of the policy & promoted

The opportunities for management & development

Tourist Activities




Koh JIK Population


PaLuay Green Island Project

Angthong National Forest

Pangun Island

Paluay Island Samui Island

Surat thani

Objective To develop the role model of green island as the first clean energy island in Thailand and to make the island villagers to utilize energy from all alternative energy resources. This will benefit to community on island for the sustainable and better living and on performing as an ecological resort.

Paluay Green Island Project

Bay 2 - Solar homes - Biomass & Biogas - Fishing boat using biodiesel

Bay 1 - Fishing boat using biodiesel

Bay 4 - Fishing boat using biodiesel

Bay 3 - Wind Turbine 400 watts - Solar drying system - Electric motorcycle+ PV charging station - Solar water pumping 8

1. Bttom-up approach
Pa Luay Island Community Development Council

Managing director

Managing office

Environmental Council

Energy council

Quality of living Development council

Tourism promotion council

Low Carbon Model Town

Samui Green Island

Area 227 km2 Population 43,000 Immigrant 100,000 Tourist 1,000,000/year Electricity is supplied from Surat thani by PEA submarine able Water Supply is supplied by PWA with shortage during dry season Garbage 100 ton/day


Low Carbon Model Town (LCMT) : SAMUI Island Target Setting

Y2005 2006 : Feasibility study for the sustainable development of Samui Island was completely conducted under the ECASEAN Project, co-funded by the European Commissioning through ASEAN Centre for Energy (ACE). August, 2011 : Samui Island has been nominated by government of Thailand as a candidate for the APEC Low Carbon Model Town Project (LCMT Project) under the supervision of Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE), Ministry of Energy October, 2011 : Samui Island has been selected and approved by the APEC Energy Working Group in the 42nd Meeting of the APEC Energy Working Group and Associated Meetings in Kaohsiung, Chinese Taipei as the selected Low Carbon Town (LCT) development project to conduct the Feasibility Study (F/S) and Policy Review.


Koh Jik

Project Electricity generated by renewable energy for the Fishermen villages

Area Population

700 rai 512 people

About 15 km away from mainland Now, distribute diesel of power generation 98 household


Back Ground
Electricity generated only from diesel-oil

Community Self-regulation -Price : 30-60 bath/kwh - No Air-con,Washing Maching allowed


Reduce electricity cost 30-60 bath/kwh become to 15-20 bath/kwh----- (50-70%)


Located 22 km south of Phuket in the Andaman Sea coast of Thailand


Back Ground 7 hotels supplied by Selfown diesel generators Cost approx 30-40 Bath/kwh Peak demand on High Season approx 1.5 MW Very limited Area


Reduce electricity cost by 50-70% Introduction of Hybrid & Smart Technology




Estimated result

1) 30-70% energy saving and related GHG emission reductions.

2) Manual of guidelines for sustainable operation and practices. 3) Replacement of fossil fuel based technologies . 4) Showcases in place. (4 Green Islands) 5) PPP information based instruments to support green tourism. 6) Increased popularity for eco-friendly resort and number of guests.


DEDE: Knowledge Base organisation and sustainable development Centre of RE and EE