



I. Title Page 

II. Table of Contents 

III. Guide Card 

IV. Introduction 

V. Activity Card #1 

VI. Activity Card #2 

VII. Assessment Card #1 

VIII. Assessment Card #2 

IX. Enrichment Card #1 

X. Enrichment Card #2 

XI. Enrichment Card #3 

XII. Answer Card 

XIII. Reference Card 


This
Strategic
Intervention
Material
is
designed
to
give
the
learner
better
understanding on the different concepts related to speed and velocity. Upon finishing this SIM the reader is expected to:
• Define speed and velocity.
• Identify and understand the key concepts on speed and velocity.
• Differentiate Instantaneous Speed and Average Speed
• Differentiate Instantaneous Velocity and Average Velocity
• Plot the movement of an object to determine its average speed and velocity
• Solve problems related to speed and velocity.
Now that you know what you will be learning, let’s take a little review about the topic.
Just as distance and displacement have distinctly different meanings (despite their similarities), so do speed and velocity. Speed is a scalar quantity which refers to "how fast an object is moving." Speed can be thought of as the rate at which an object covers distance. A fastmoving object has a high speed and covers a relatively large distance in a short amount of time. A slowmoving object has a low speed and covers a relatively small amount of distance in a short amount of time.
Velocity is a vector quantity which refers to "the rate at which an object changes its position." If a person in motion wishes to maximize their velocity, then that person must make every effort to maximize the amount that they are displaced from their original position. Every step must go into moving that person further from where he or she started.
Velocity is a vector quantity. As such, velocity is direction aware. When evaluating the velocity of an object, one must keep track of direction. It would not be enough to say that an object has a velocity of 55 mi/hr. One must include direction information in order to fully describe the velocity of the object. For instance, you must describe an object's velocity as being 55 mi/hr, east. This is one of the essential differences between speed and velocity. Speed is a scalar quantity and does not _{k}_{e}_{e}_{p} track of direction; velocity is a vector quantity and is direction aware.
The task of describing the direction of the velocity vector is easy. The direction of the velocity vector is simply the same as the direction which an object is moving. It would not matter whether the object is speeding up or slowing down. If an object is moving rightwards, then its velocity is described as being rightwards. If an object is moving downwards, then its velocity is described as being downwards. So an airplane moving towards the west with a speed of 300 mi/hr has a velocity of 300 mi/hr, west. Note that speed has no direction (it is a scalar) and velocity at any instant is simply the speed with a direction.
Now you are ready to perform the coming activities.
Good Luck!
Activity #1
Test I. Ranking Speed
Given are four objects with varying speed. Convert the speed of each object to the desired unit
and rank them from 1 to 4, where 1 is the fastest and 4 is the slowest. (Let
22
7
.)
π =
A wheel of radius 28 cm moving at 60 rpm 
= 
m/s 
A plane moving at a speed of 30 kph 
= 
m/s 
A sprinter running 100 m in 15 seconds 
= 
m/s 
A car running 72 meters after 9 seconds 
= 
m/s 
Test II. Average Speed
Determine the average speed of the following object.
1. A car speed tabulated for every seconds under a 10second time duration.
Speed 
0 
10 
8 
7 
10 
15 
8 
7 
10 
10 
15 
m/s 
time 
0 
1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 
sec 
2. A runner whose movement is as follow: 200 m for 80 sec, 100 m for 30 sec, and 300 m for 90 sec.
Test III. How fast you move.
Fill up the table below (Use approximate values) and calculate your speed in m/s for that activity.
Activity 
Distance 
Time Consumed 
Average Speed 

Walking (House to School) 
meters 
hr 
min 
sec 
m/s 
Climbing a Staircase 
meters 
hr 
min 
sec 
m/s 
Riding a Bicycle 
meters 
hr 
min 
sec 
m/s 
Going to the Mall 
meters 
hr 
min 
sec 
m/s 
Swimming 
meters 
hr 
min 
sec 
m/s 
Walking (Classroom to Canteen) 
meters 
hr 
min 
sec 
m/s 
Activity #2
Test I. Speed Vs. Velocity
Determine whether the following suggest speed or velocity. Write S for speed and V for velocity.
An elevator moving for 30m from the first floor to the third floor for 5 minutes. A man walked for half an hour and covered 600 meters. A ball dropped 30 m above a building is found on the ground 3 seconds after. The news reported that the speed of Hanging Habagat is 20 km/h. A sprinter finish a 400 meter race after 2 minutes and 16 seconds.
Test II. The Friendly Race Read and analyze the situation. Answer the questions that follow.
4 friends decided to have a race from the gate of their school to the beach. The beach is 30 km north of the starting position. Since the friends are racing from each other they decided to take different paths.
Ramon: 20 km North for 15 minutes; 5 km N 30° E for 5 minutes; and 5 km West for 5 minutes.
Ronald: _{2}_{0}
_{2} km NW for 27 minutes; 20 km East for 20 minutes; and 10 km North for 6
minutes. Eduard: 15 km North for 10 minutes; 15 km West for 11 minutes; and _{1}_{5}
minutes. Adolfo: 50 km N 60° E for 50 minutes; 15 km West for 11 minutes; and 5 km South for 7 minutes.
_{2} km NE for 15
1. Complete the table below.
Name 
Total Distance 
Total Time 
Average Speed 

Ramon 
km 
hr 
min 
km/h 
Ronald 
km 
hr 
min 
km/h 
Eduard 
km 
hr 
min 
km/h 
Adolfo 
km 
hr 
min 
km/h 
2. Who did not finish the race?
3. Who finished the race?
4. Who won the race?
5. Using the Cartesian plane below, plot the movement of each friend. (Use the scale 1 unit: 5 km and let the starting position be at the origin.)
6. From the plot above, determine the displacement of the four friends. (Round off answers to two decimal
places)
Name 
Displacement 
Ramon 
km 
Ronald 
km 
Eduard 
km 
Adolfo 
km 
7. Calculate the average velocity of the four friends. (Round off answers to two decimal places)
Name 
Average Velocity 
Ramon 
km/h 
Ronald 
km/h 
Eduard 
km/h 
Adolfo 
km/h 


Assessment Card #2 

Test I. Multiple Choice. (Use π=3.14) 

1. A plane’s speed after landing is defined by the equation _{s} _{=} _{1}_{8}_{0} _{−}_{1}_{8}_{t} _{m} _{s} , how long would it take the plane to stop? 

a. 
10 seconds 
b. 11 seconds c. 12 seconds d. 13 seconds 

2. A 50 m train of constant speed enters a 300 m tunnel, if a stationary light located in the tunnel has been above the train for 4 seconds. How fast is the train moving? 

a. 
10 m/s 
b. 12.5 m/s c. 15 m/s 
d. 17.5 m/s 

3. A car was able to take 10 laps in a circular race track whose radius is 15 m for a total time of 15 minutes and 42 second. What is the average speed of the car? 

a. 
10 km/h 
b. 20 km/h c. 30 km/h d. 40 km/h 

4. Two men were walking towards each other. The speed of the first man (A) is 2/3 of the speed of the second man (B) and the distance between them is 150m. After t seconds the two men meet each other, by this point how far did man A travelled? 

a. 
50 m 
b. 
60 m c. 70 m 
d. cannot be 

determined 

5. A runner ran around an oval and returned to his original position. If the average speed of the runner is 2 mph and he ran for 13 minutes, which of the following could be his velocity? 

a. 
2 mph East 
b. 0 mph North c. 4 mph East d. 1 mph North 

Test II. Matching Type – Match Column A with Column B. Connect the Circles of the corresponding matches. 

Column A 
Column B 

1. The rate at which an object covers a distance. 
• 
• A. Odometer • B. Velocity 

2. The distance of the line connecting the initial and the final position. 
• 

3. The rate at which an object moves with respect to direction. 
• 
• C. Displacement 

4. It refers to how fast an object is moving in a given period of time 
• 
• D. Speed 

5. A device used to measure speed. 
• 
• E. _{I}_{n}_{s}_{t}_{a}_{n}_{t}_{a}_{n}_{e}_{o}_{u}_{s} _{S}_{p}_{e}_{e}_{d} 
Enrichment #2
Test I. Which Car was that?
Two cars were moving at constant speed. Car A is moving at a rate of ^{(}^{1}^{)}
Car B is moving at 80 mph. After 3 hours Car A is 27 miles from Car B which by this
Two hours earlier Car A is ^{(}^{3}^{)}
On the fourth hour, Car B decided to stop for ^{(}^{4}^{)}
Car B stopped till it started to continue its track Car A has travelled ^{(}^{5}^{)}
making the distance between the two cars equal to 80.5 miles. ^{(}^{6}^{}^{1}^{0}^{)} If a snail moving at a rate of 0.0000001 mile/s crossing the road 500 miles away from the starting point and the road is 0.004 mile wide which car is closer to the snail when it reaches the middle of the road?(The snail started crossing the moment the two cars started the moving.)
minutes. From the moment
miles ahead of Car B.
time has travelled ^{(}^{2}^{)}
mph.
miles
Test II. Average Velocity (Use 1:20meters and 1:5naut.miles in plotting)
Plot the movement of the following objects and determine their average velocity.
1. A ship move at a speed of 30 knots with a bearing of 120° for half an hour. Then turned 30° to the left and travelled 20 n.m. for 45 minutes to reach its destination.
2. To reach the school, Ramon walked the following distance: 160m N 30° E for 3
minutes; 100m West for 5 minutes; and _{2}_{0}
_{2} m NE for 2 minutes.


Enrichment #3 
Top Ten (10) Fastest Land Animals 



The cheetah is the fastest member of the cat family and is unique because what it lacks in climbing abilities it makes up for in speed and stealth. The cheetah is the fastest of all land animals and can reach speeds between 112 kilometres per hour (70 mph) and 120 kilometres per hour (75 mph) in short bursts up to 460 metres (500 yd). The cheetah's ability to accelerate is unmatched. The animal can easily accelerate from 0 to 110 kilometres per 

hour (68 mph) in three seconds, faster than most supercars. 

2. Pronghorn Antelope (61 mph) The Pronghorn Antelope's exceptional speed is necessary in order to evade predators by outrunning them. The animal is considered to be the fastest animal in the new world. The top speed is very hard to measure accurately and it varies between individuals, however the animal has been clocked at 61mph. It is often cited as the secondfastest land animal with the Cheetah being the fastest. The animal can sustain these speeds much longer than a cheetah due to its larger heart and lungs. These animals are poor jumpers. 



4. 
Lion (50 mph) 

The king of bests doesn't often use his speed when hunting because the lioness does the majority of the hunting. Those Lions without a pride use clever stealth and speed to catch their prey. Males can exceed 550lbs, making it the second largest living cat after the tiger. Wild lions can only be found in 


5. 

Named after explorer Joseph Thompson, the Thompson's Gazelle is one of the best known gazelles. In order to evade its main enemy, the cheetah, these animals can reach speeds of 50 mph, and can sustain longer 

bursts than their mortal enemy. 

6. 
Quarterhorse (47.5 mph) 
8. Cape Hunting Dog (45 mph) 10. Gray Fox (42 mph) 



7. Elk (45 mph) 
9. Coyote (43 mph) 
Assessment #1
Direction
UPSIDEDOWN WORD SEARCH
Instruction: Connect the letters inside the box to form the word that answers the question or completes the statement. You may connect adjacent letters upward, downward and sideward. You are not allowed to connect letters diagonally. Find the 8 Items to uncover the mystery word using the unused letters.
K 
S 
C 
A 
L 
A 
I 
E 
D 
I 
T 
O 
R 
R 
A 
G 
P 
S 
C 
E 
O 
E 
R 
N 
L 
A 
C 
V 
U 
N 
A 
E 
M 
A 
E 
M 
S 
A 
V 
A 
N 
A 
L 
E 
N 
T 
T 
I 
I 
T 
S 
T 
A 
N 
I 
A 
F 
I 
N 
I 
C 
I 
S 
L 
1. is an entity characterized by a magnitude and a direction.
2. Average speed is the mean of all the
time.
3. The length of the line directly connecting the initial and the final position.
4. Speed is not direction aware making it a
5. The ratio of the displacement and the total time is called
67. An object has zero displacement if its
8. What is the displacement if an object moved 6 km East and 8 km North?
9. The mystery word is
10. Give your own definition of the mystery word:
speed recorded for a certain period of
quantity.
and
velocity.
positions is the same.
Activity #1
Test I. Ranking Speed
Given are four objects with varying speed. Convert the speed of each object to the desired unit
and rank them from 1 to 4, where 1 is the fastest and 4 is the slowest. (Let
22
7
.)
π =
4 
A wheel of radius 28 cm moving at 60 rpm 
= 
1.76 
m/s 
1 
A plane moving at a speed of 30 kph 
= 
8.33 
m/s 
3 
A sprinter running 100 m in 15 seconds 
= 
6.67 
m/s 
2 
A car running 72 meters after 9 seconds 
= 
8.00 
m/s 
Test II. Average Speed
Determine the average speed of the following objects.
1. A car speed tabulated for every seconds under a 10second time duration.
Speed 
0 
10 
8 
7 
10 
15 
8 
7 
10 
10 
15 
m/s 
time 
0 
1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 
sec 
s _{a}_{v}_{e} = 10
m
/
s
2. A runner whose movement is as follow: 200 m for 80 sec, 100 m for 25 sec, and 300 m for 90 sec.
s ave = 3 m /
s
Test III. How fast you move.
Fill up the table below (Use approximate values) and calculate your speed in m/s for that activity.
Activity 
Distance 
Time Consumed 
Average Speed 

Answers for this Walking (House to School) 
meters 
hr min sec 
activity may vary. See to it that the m/s 

Climbing a Staircase 
meters calculated 
is hr min sec 
m/s what 
is 
Average speed Riding a Bicycle 
meters 
correct hr min sec 
as m/s 

Going to the Mall recorded in the distance and the time consumed. 
meters 
hr min sec 
m/s 

Swimming 
meters 
hr min sec 
m/s 

Walking (Classroom to Canteen) 
meters 
hr min sec 
m/s 
Solutions for Activity I Test I
Solutions for Activity I Test II
1. A car speed tabulated for every seconds under a 10second time duration.
Speed 
0 
10 
8 
7 
10 
15 
8 
7 
10 
10 
15 
m/s 
time 
0 
1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 
sec 
To determine the average speed, we will calculate the mean of instantaneous speed of the car as recorded in the table.
10
∑ s
10 + 8 + 7 + 10 + 15 + 8 + 7 + 10 + 10 + 15
100
s ave 
= 
n = 1 
s 
= 
s 
= 
s 
_{a}_{v}_{e} = 10 / m 
s 

ave 
ave 
n
10
10
2. A runner whose movement is as follow: 200 m for 80 sec, 100 m for 30 sec, and 300 m for 90 sec.
^{s} ave
∑ ∑ s d t 
200 
+ 
100 + 
300 
600 
600 
s ave = 3 m / 

= 
= 
s 
= 
s 
= 
s 

ave 
80 
+ 
30 + 90 
ave 
200 
ave 
200 
Activity #2
Test I. Speed Vs. Velocity
Determine whether the following suggest speed or velocity. Write S for speed and V for velocity.
V 
An elevator moving 30m from the first floor to the third floor for 5 minutes (Upward) 
S 
A man walked for half an hour and covered 600 meters. 
V 
A ball dropped 30 m above a building is found on the ground 3 seconds after. (Downward) 
V 
The news reported that the speed of Hanging Habagat is 20 km/h. (Southwest) 
S 
A sprinter finishes a 400 meter race after 2 minutes and 16 seconds. 
Test II. The Friendly Race Read and analyze the situation. Answer the questions that follow.
4 friends decided to have a race from the gate of their school to the beach. The beach is 30 km north of the starting position. Since the friends are racing from each other they decided to take different paths.
Ramon: 20 km North for 15 minutes; 5 km N 30° E for 5 minutes; and 5 km West for 5 minutes.
Ronald: _{2}_{0}
_{2} km NW for 27 minutes; 20 km East for 20 minutes; and 10 km North for 6
minutes. Eduard: 15 km North for 10 minutes; 15 km West for 11 minutes; and _{1}_{5}
minutes. Adolfo: 50 km N 60° E for 50 minutes; 15 km West for 11 minutes; and 5 km South for 7 minutes.
_{2} km NE for 15
1. Complete the table below.
Name 
Total Distance 
Total Time 
Average Speed 

Ramon 
30 
km 
0 
hr 25 min 
72.00 
km/h 
Ronald 
58 
km 
0 
hr 53 min 
65.66 
km/h 
Eduard 
51 
km 
0 
hr 36 min 
85.00 
km/h 
Adolfo 
70 
km 
1 
hr 08 min 
61.76 
km/h 
2. Who did not finish the race? Ramon and Adolfo
3. Who finished the race? Ronald and Eduard
4. Who won the race? Eduard won the race for reaching the beach with a total time of 36
minutes.
5. Using the Cartesian plane below, plot the movement of each friend. (Use the scale 1 unit: 5 km and let the starting position be at the origin.)
6. From the plot above, determine the displacement of the four friends. (Round off answers to two decimal
places.)
Name 
Displacement 

Ramon 
24.46 
km 
Ronald 
30.00 
km 
Eduard 
30.00 
km 
Adolfo 
34.65 
km 
7. Calculate the average velocity of the four friends. (Round off answers to two decimal places.)
Name 
Average Velocity 

Ramon 
58.70 
km/h N 5.87° W 
Ronald 
33.96 
km/h North 
Eduard 
50.00 
km/h North 
Adolfo 
30.57 
km/h N 54.75° E 
Solutions for items number 6 and 7.
6. To calculate for displacement, we use component method.
Ramon: 20 km North for 15 min; 5 km N 30° E for 5 min; and 5 km West for
5 min.
Displacement 
Direction 
Xcomponent 
Ycomponent 

20 
km 
North 
0 
20 

5 
km 
N 
30° E 
2.5 
2.5
3


5 
km 
W 
5 
0 

Total 
2.5 
20+2.5 
3

D
=
− 2.5
)
2
(
+ 20 + 2.5
) ^{2}
D
≈ 24.46 km
D
=
Ronald: _{2}_{0}
)
2
+
(
∑
y − component
) 
2 
) 
2 
) 
2 
) 
2 
x − component
km NW for 27 min;
Displacement 
Direction 
Xcomponent 
Ycomponent 

20 
2
km 
NW 
20 
20 

20 
km 
E 
20 
0 

10 
km 
N 
0 
10 

Total 
0 
30 
Displacement 
Direction 
Xcomponent 
Ycomponent 

15 
km 
N 
0 
15 
15 
km 
W 
15 
0 
15 _{2} km 
NE 
15 
15 

Total 
0 
30 
=
D
= 30.00 km
Displacement 
Direction 
Xcomponent 
Ycomponent 

50 
km 
N 
60° E 
25 
3

25 

15 
km 
W 
15 
0 

5 
km 
S 
0 
5 

Total 
25 _{3} 15 
20 
20
) ^{2}
D
≈ 34.65 km
North for 6 minutes.
Eduard: 15 km North for 10 min; 15
km West for 11 min; and _{1}_{5}
NE for 15 min.
_{2} km
Adolfo: 50 km N 60° E for 50 min;
15 km West for 11 min; and 5 km
South for 7 min.
7. For the direction of the velocity use the results of the component method in item number 6.
y
x
− 2.5
Therefore, Ramon’s average velocity is
24.46
25 min
N 90 − 84.13°W
= 58.70N5.87°W
33.96km / h N
50.00km / h N
Adolfo:
tan
− θ =
y
x
y
x
y
x
tan 
^{−} θ 
= 
tan 
^{−} θ 
= 
tan 
^{−} θ 
= 
30
0
30
0
20
tan
^{−} θ
30
_{θ} _{=} _{9}_{0}_{°} Therefore, Ronald’s v _{a}_{v}_{e} = 53min
30
_{θ} _{=} _{9}_{0}_{°} Therefore, Eduard’s v _{a}_{v}_{e} = 36 min
= 0.070668
θ = 35.25
Therefore, Adolfo’s average velocity is
34.65
68 min
N 90 − 35.25°E
=
30.57km / h N 54.75°E
20 km East
for 20 min; and 10
km
D
=
∑ x − component
)
2
+
(
∑
y − component
D
=
D
= 30.00 km
D =
∑
x − component
)
2
+
(
∑
y − component
D
D =
∑ x − component
)
2
+
(
∑
y − component
D
=
3 −15
)
2
+
(
Ramon:
tan
θ =
− ^{−} θ
tan
=
tan
^{−} θ
= −9.732050808
θ = −84.13
Ronald:
tan
− θ =
tan θ = undefined
−
_{=}
Eduard:
tan
− θ =
tan θ = undefined
−
_{=}
Assessment #1
Direction
UPSIDEDOWN WORD SEARCH
Instruction: Connect the letters inside the box to form the word that answers the question or completes the statement. You may connect adjacent letters upward, downward and sideward. You are not allowed to connect letters diagonally. Find the 8 Items to uncover the mystery word using the unused letters.
1. VECTOR is an entity characterized by a magnitude and a direction.
2. Average speed is the mean of all the INSTANTENOUS speed recorded for a certain period
of time.
3. The length of the line directly connecting the initial and the final position. DISPLACEMENT
4. Speed is not direction aware making it a SCALAR quantity.
5. The ratio of the displacement and the total time is called AVERAGE velocity.
67. An object has zero displacement if it’s INITIAL and FINAL positions is the same.
8. What is the displacement if an object moved 6 km East and 8 km North? TEN (10 km)
9. The mystery word is KINEMATICS.
10. Give your own definition of the mystery word:
Kinematics is the study of motion and its components.


Assessment Card #2 
See next page for
the solution.


Test I. Multiple Choice. (Use π=3.14) 

1. A plane’s speed after landing is defined by the equation _{s} _{=} _{1}_{8}_{0} _{−}_{1}_{8}_{t} _{m} _{s} , how long would it take the plane to stop? 

a. 10 seconds 
b. 11 seconds 
c. 12 seconds d. 13 seconds 

2. A 50 m train of constant speed enters a 300 m tunnel, if a stationary light located in the tunnel has been above the train for 4 seconds. How fast is the train moving? 

a. 
10 m/s 
b. 12.5 m/s 
c. 15 m/s d. 17.5 m/s 

3. A car was able to take 10 laps in a circular race track whose radius is 15 m for a total time of 15 minutes and 42 second. What is the average speed of the car? 

a. 10 km/h 
b. 20 km/h 
c. 30 km/h d. 40 km/h 

4. Two men were walking towards each other. The speed of the first man (A) is 2/3 of the speed of the second man (B) and the distance between them is 150m. After t seconds the two men meet each other, by this point how far did man A travelled? 

a. 
50 m 
b. 
60 m 
c. 70 m d. cannot be 
determined 

5. A runner ran around an oval and returned to his original position. If the average speed of the runner is 2 mph and he ran for 13 minutes, which of the following could be his velocity? 

a. 
2 mph East 
b. 0 mph North 
c. 4 mph East d. 1 mph North 

Test II. Matching Type – Match Column A with Column B. Connect the Circles of the corresponding matches. 


Enrichment #2
Test I. Which Car was that?
Two cars were moving at constant speed. Car A is moving at a rate of ^{(}^{1}^{)} 89 mph. Car B is moving at 80 mph. After 3 hours Car A is 27 miles from Car B which by this time has travelled ^{(}^{2}^{)} 240 miles. Two hours earlier Car A is ^{(}^{3}^{)} 9 miles ahead of Car B. On the fourth hour, Car B decided to stop for ^{(}^{4}^{)} 30 minutes. From the moment Car B stopped till it started to continue its track Car A has travelled ^{(}^{5}^{)} 44.5 miles making the distance between the two cars equal to 80.5 miles. ^{(}^{6}^{}^{1}^{0}^{)} If a snail moving at a rate of 0.0000001 mile/s crossing the road 500 miles away from the starting point and the road is 0.004 mile wide which car is closer to the snail when it reaches the middle of the road?(The snail started crossing the moment the two cars started the moving.) Car A is closer to the snail. (See next page for the solutions.)
Test II. Average Velocity (Use 1:20meters and 1:5naut.miles in plotting)
Plot the movement of the following objects and determine their average velocity.
1. A ship move at a speed of 30 knots with a bearing of 120° for half an hour. Then turned 30° to the left and travelled 20 n.m. for 45 minutes to reach its destination. 27.06 knots E 12.81° S 2. To reach the school, Ramon walked the following distance: 160m N 30° E for 3
minutes; 100m West for 5 minutes; and _{2}_{0}
_{2} m NE for 2 minutes.
Solutions for Enrichment #2
Test I.
1. It is given that both moved at a constant speed. By examining and using the clue in sentence
number four that states that car A is ahead of Car B. we can conclude that car A’s speed is 89 mph. Using this we can therefore solve the rest of the items.
3.
4.
5.
miles
h
Given t=1, S _{a} = 89 mph and S _{b} = 80 mph. _{d}
Using the answer on the next item we will be able to know how long did car b stopped.
a
− _{d}
b
= 89 − 80 1 = 9 miles
(
)
d
44.5 mi
h
We difference of the two cars on the fourth hour.
t=4, S _{a} = 89 mph and S _{b} = 80 mph. _{d}
a
− _{d}
b
= 89 − 80 4 = 36 miles
(
)
Subtract the value to the total distance on the moment car B Decided to continue.
80.5 − 36 = 44.5miles
610. We first Calculate the time it took the snail to reach the middle.
0.004
÷ 2(
half the length of the road
) 
= 
0.002 mi × 
s 

m 
1 
0.0000001 mi 

s 

20000sec = x 
89 
mi 
× 
1 h 
= 494.44 miles 

1 
h 
3600sec 

18200sec 80 
mi 
1 h 

_{×} 
_{=} 

x 

mi 
1 
h 
3600sec 

h 
0.0000001
Determine the distance cover by the two cars.
3.
Given t=1, S _{a} = 89 mph and S _{b} = 80 mph.
d
t
s
a
= =
20000sec
a mi
89
h
t
s a
20000sec
−
(.5
×
3600) _{=}
80
We subtracted half an hour since car b is not moving for that period of time from the 4 ^{t}^{h} hour to the 4.5 ^{t}^{h} hour. With distance travelled above by the two cars. We can conclude that car A is closer to the snail which is found on the 500 ^{t}^{h} mile of the track.
Test II. Use component method to know the average velocity.
1. A ship move at a speed of 30 knots with a bearing of 120° for half an hour. Then turned 30° to the left and travelled 20 n.m. for 45 minutes to reach its destination.
Displacement 
Direction 
Xcomponent 
Ycomponent 

15n.m. 
120° bearing 
7.5 

_{3} 
7.5 

20n.m 
East 
20 
0 

Total 
20 + 7.5 
_{3} 
7.5 
V ave
= 33.83 ÷ (.5 + .75) arctan(− 7.5 ÷(20 + 7.5
3))
V _{a}_{v}_{e} = 27.06
knots E
12.81°
S
2. To reach the school, Ramon walked the following distance: 160m N 30° E for 3 minutes; 100m West
_{2} m NE for 2
for 5 minutes; and _{2}_{0} minutes.
Displacement 
Direction 
Xcomponent 
Ycomponent 

160 
m 
N 30° E 
80 
80 

_{3} 

100 
m 
W 
100 
0 

20 

_{2} m 
NE 
20 
20 

Total 
0 
20 + 80 
_{3} 
min
2.
80
× 3
h
= 240
miles
t =
=
=
0.5 h =
30 min
s
90
mi
t =
=
20000sec
=
5
hr
20 min 33sec
d a
=
=
404.44 miles
D =
∑ x − component
)
2
+
(
∑
y − component
)
2
D =
20 + 7.5
+
(
− 7.5
) ^{2}
D ≈ 33.83nm
D =
∑ x − component
)
2
+
(
∑
y − component
)
2
D =
0
)
2 +
( 20 + 80
) ^{2}
D = 158.56 m
_{a}_{v}_{e} = 158.56
V
m
÷ (10 min)
North
^{V} ave
= 15.86
m
North



BOOKS 

• Richard P. Feynman, Robert B. Leighton, Matthew Sands. The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Volume I, Section 82. AddisonWesley, Reading, Massachusetts (1963). ISBN 0201021161. 

• Robert Resnick and Jearl Walker, Fundamentals of Physics, Wiley; 7 Sub edition (June 16, 2004). ISBN 

INTERNET 

• http://www.physicslab.com/speed&velocity.html 

• http://www.petsdo.com/blog/toptwenty20fastest 

landanimalsincludinghumans 

• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speed 

• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velocity 
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