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Republic of the Philippines Department of Education Region VII, Central Visayas Division of Mandaue City
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region VII, Central Visayas
Division of Mandaue City
Labogon, Mandaue City
SPEED AND VELOCITY
Prepared by:
RHONNEL M. ALBURO
IV - Galatia
Visit my website: http://www.alfore.info/ to see my collection of
school related works!
I. Title Page   II. Table of Contents III. Guide Card   IV. Introduction  
I. Title Page   II. Table of Contents III. Guide Card   IV. Introduction  
I. Title Page   II. Table of Contents III. Guide Card   IV. Introduction  
I. Title Page   II. Table of Contents III. Guide Card   IV. Introduction  

I. Title Page

 

II. Table of Contents

III. Guide Card

 

IV. Introduction

 

V. Activity Card #1

VI. Activity Card #2

VII. Assessment Card #1

VIII. Assessment Card #2

IX. Enrichment Card #1

X. Enrichment Card #2

XI. Enrichment Card #3

XII. Answer Card

 

XIII. Reference Card

#2 IX. Enrichment Card #1 X. Enrichment Card #2 XI. Enrichment Card #3 XII. Answer Card
Hello! I am Mr. Sim. Welcome to another fun-filled adventure as we take another journey
Hello! I am Mr. Sim. Welcome to another fun-filled adventure as we take another journey
Hello! I am Mr. Sim. Welcome to another fun-filled adventure as we take another journey
Hello! I am Mr. Sim. Welcome to another fun-filled adventure as we take another journey
Hello! I am Mr. Sim. Welcome to another fun-filled adventure as we take another journey
Hello! I am Mr. Sim. Welcome to another fun-filled
adventure as we take another journey to the world of
Physics. This time we will be talking about Speed and
Velocity. So fasten your seatbelt as we go and learn!

This

Strategic

Intervention

Material

is

as we go and learn! This Strategic Intervention Material is designed to give the learner better
as we go and learn! This Strategic Intervention Material is designed to give the learner better

designed

to

give

the

learner

better

understanding on the different concepts related to speed and velocity. Upon finishing this SIM the reader is expected to:

Define speed and velocity.

Identify and understand the key concepts on speed and velocity.

Differentiate Instantaneous Speed and Average Speed

Differentiate Instantaneous Velocity and Average Velocity

Plot the movement of an object to determine its average speed and velocity

Solve problems related to speed and velocity.

Now that you know what you will be learning, let’s take a little review about the topic.

related to speed and velocity. Now that you know what you will be learning, let’s take
Just as distance and displacement have distinctly different meanings (despite their similarities), so do speed
Just as distance and displacement have distinctly different meanings (despite their similarities), so do speed
Just as distance and displacement have distinctly different meanings (despite their similarities), so do speed

Just as distance and displacement have distinctly different meanings (despite their similarities), so do speed and velocity. Speed is a scalar quantity which refers to "how fast an object is moving." Speed can be thought of as the rate at which an object covers distance. A fast-moving object has a high speed and covers a relatively large distance in a short amount of time. A slow-moving object has a low speed and covers a relatively small amount of distance in a short amount of time.

Velocity is a vector quantity which refers to "the rate at which an object changes its position." If a person in motion wishes to maximize their velocity, then that person must make every effort to maximize the amount that they are displaced from their original position. Every step must go into moving that person further from where he or she started.

Velocity is a vector quantity. As such, velocity is direction aware. When evaluating the velocity of an object, one must keep track of direction. It would not be enough to say that an object has a velocity of 55 mi/hr. One must include direction information in order to fully describe the velocity of the object. For instance, you must describe an object's velocity as being 55 mi/hr, east. This is one of the essential differences between speed and velocity. Speed is a scalar quantity and does not keep track of direction; velocity is a vector quantity and is direction aware.

The task of describing the direction of the velocity vector is easy. The direction of the velocity vector is simply the same as the direction which an object is moving. It would not matter whether the object is speeding up or slowing down. If an object is moving rightwards, then its velocity is described as being rightwards. If an object is moving downwards, then its velocity is described as being downwards. So an airplane moving towards the west with a speed of 300 mi/hr has a velocity of 300 mi/hr, west. Note that speed has no direction (it is a scalar) and velocity at any instant is simply the speed with a direction.

at any instant is simply the speed with a direction. Now you are ready to perform

Now you are ready to perform the coming activities.

Good Luck!

at any instant is simply the speed with a direction. Now you are ready to perform
Activity #1 Test I. Ranking Speed Given are four objects with varying speed. Convert the

Activity #1

Activity #1 Test I. Ranking Speed Given are four objects with varying speed. Convert the speed
Activity #1 Test I. Ranking Speed Given are four objects with varying speed. Convert the speed

Test I. Ranking Speed

Given are four objects with varying speed. Convert the speed of each object to the desired unit

and rank them from 1 to 4, where 1 is the fastest and 4 is the slowest. (Let

22

7

.)

π =

A wheel of radius 28 cm moving at 60 rpm

=

m/s

A plane moving at a speed of 30 kph

=

m/s

A sprinter running 100 m in 15 seconds

=

m/s

A car running 72 meters after 9 seconds

=

m/s

Test II. Average Speed

Determine the average speed of the following object.

1. A car speed tabulated for every seconds under a 10-second time duration.

Speed

0

10

8

7

10

15

8

7

10

10

15

m/s

time

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

sec

2. A runner whose movement is as follow: 200 m for 80 sec, 100 m for 30 sec, and 300 m for 90 sec.

Test III. How fast you move.

Fill up the table below (Use approximate values) and calculate your speed in m/s for that activity.

Activity

Distance

Time Consumed

Average Speed

Walking (House to School)

meters

hr

min

sec

m/s

Climbing a Staircase

meters

hr

min

sec

m/s

Riding a Bicycle

meters

hr

min

sec

m/s

Going to the Mall

meters

hr

min

sec

m/s

Swimming

meters

hr

min

sec

m/s

Walking (Classroom to Canteen)

meters

hr

min

sec

m/s

Swimming meters hr min sec m/s Walking (Classroom to Canteen) meters hr min sec m/s
Swimming meters hr min sec m/s Walking (Classroom to Canteen) meters hr min sec m/s
Activity #2 Test I. Speed Vs. Velocity Determine whether the following suggest speed or velocity.

Activity #2

Test I. Speed Vs. Velocity

Activity #2 Test I. Speed Vs. Velocity Determine whether the following suggest speed or velocity. Write
Activity #2 Test I. Speed Vs. Velocity Determine whether the following suggest speed or velocity. Write

Determine whether the following suggest speed or velocity. Write S for speed and V for velocity.

An elevator moving for 30m from the first floor to the third floor for 5 minutes. A man walked for half an hour and covered 600 meters. A ball dropped 30 m above a building is found on the ground 3 seconds after. The news reported that the speed of Hanging Habagat is 20 km/h. A sprinter finish a 400 meter race after 2 minutes and 16 seconds.

Test II. The Friendly Race Read and analyze the situation. Answer the questions that follow.

4 friends decided to have a race from the gate of their school to the beach. The beach is 30 km north of the starting position. Since the friends are racing from each other they decided to take different paths.

Ramon: 20 km North for 15 minutes; 5 km N 30° E for 5 minutes; and 5 km West for 5 minutes.

Ronald: 20

2 km NW for 27 minutes; 20 km East for 20 minutes; and 10 km North for 6

minutes. Eduard: 15 km North for 10 minutes; 15 km West for 11 minutes; and 15

minutes. Adolfo: 50 km N 60° E for 50 minutes; 15 km West for 11 minutes; and 5 km South for 7 minutes.

15 km West for 11 minutes; and 5 km South for 7 minutes. 2 km NE
15 km West for 11 minutes; and 5 km South for 7 minutes. 2 km NE

2 km NE for 15

1. Complete the table below.

Name

Total Distance

Total Time

Average Speed

Ramon

km

hr

min

km/h

Ronald

km

hr

min

km/h

Eduard

km

hr

min

km/h

Adolfo

km

hr

min

km/h

2. Who did not finish the race?

3. Who finished the race?

hr min km/h Adolfo km hr min km/h 2. Who did not finish the race? 3.
hr min km/h Adolfo km hr min km/h 2. Who did not finish the race? 3.

4. Who won the race?

5. Using the Cartesian plane below, plot the movement of each friend. (Use the scale 1 unit: 5 km and let the starting position be at the origin.)

unit: 5 km and let the starting position be at the origin.) 6. From the plot

6. From the plot above, determine the displacement of the four friends. (Round off answers to two decimal

places)

Name

Displacement

Ramon

km

Ronald

km

Eduard

km

Adolfo

km

7. Calculate the average velocity of the four friends. (Round off answers to two decimal places)

Name

Average Velocity

Ramon

km/h

Ronald

km/h

Eduard

km/h

Adolfo

km/h

two decimal places) Name Average Velocity Ramon km/h Ronald km/h Eduard km/h Adolfo km/h
two decimal places) Name Average Velocity Ramon km/h Ronald km/h Eduard km/h Adolfo km/h
Assessment Card #2   Test I. Multiple Choice. (Use π =3.14)   1. A plane’s
Assessment Card #2   Test I. Multiple Choice. (Use π =3.14)   1. A plane’s
Assessment Card #2   Test I. Multiple Choice. (Use π =3.14)   1. A plane’s
Assessment Card #2   Test I. Multiple Choice. (Use π =3.14)   1. A plane’s

Assessment Card #2

 

Test I. Multiple Choice. (Use π=3.14)

 
1. A plane’s speed after landing is defined by the equation s = 1 8

1. A plane’s speed after landing is defined by the equation s = 180 18t m s , how long would it take the plane to stop?

a.

10 seconds

b. 11 seconds

c. 12 seconds

d. 13 seconds

2. A 50 m train of constant speed enters a 300 m tunnel, if a stationary light located in the tunnel has been above the train for 4 seconds. How fast is the train moving?

a.

10 m/s

b. 12.5 m/s

c. 15 m/s

d. 17.5 m/s

3. A car was able to take 10 laps in a circular race track whose radius is 15 m for a total time of 15 minutes and 42 second. What is the average speed of the car?

a.

10 km/h

b. 20 km/h

c. 30 km/h

d. 40 km/h

4. Two men were walking towards each other. The speed of the first man (A) is 2/3 of the speed of the second man (B) and the distance between them is 150m. After t seconds the two men meet each other, by this point how far did man A travelled?

a.

50 m

b.

60 m

c. 70 m

d. cannot be

determined

 

5. A runner ran around an oval and returned to his original position. If the average speed of the runner is 2 mph and he ran for 13 minutes, which of the following could be his velocity?

a.

2 mph East

b. 0 mph North

c. 4 mph East

d. 1 mph North

Test II. Matching Type – Match Column A with Column B. Connect the Circles of the corresponding matches.

 

Column A

Column B

1. The rate at which an object covers a distance.

A. Odometer B. Velocity

2. The distance of the line connecting the initial and the final position.

3. The rate at which an object moves with respect to direction.

C. Displacement

4. It refers to how fast an object is moving in a given period of time

D. Speed

5. A device used to measure speed.

E. Instantaneous Speed

Enrichment #1 Test I. Vocabulary Enhancement Define the following: 1. Average Speed 2. Azimuth 3.
Enrichment #1
Test I. Vocabulary Enhancement
Define the following:
1. Average Speed
2. Azimuth
3. Direction
4. Displacement
5. Instantaneous Speed
6. Kinematics
7. Scalar Quantity
8. Speed
9. Vector Quantity
10. Velocity
Test II. Relationship of Distance, Time, Speed and Velocity
Match the definition with the appropriate illustration below.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Constant Speed
Zero Displacement
Increasing Speed
Zero Velocity
Constant Velocity
Test II. Essay
A. Explain why it is possible to have positive average speed but zero average velocity.
B. Explain the difference between a vector and a scalar quantity.
Enrichment #2 Test I. Which Car was that? Two cars were moving at constant speed.

Enrichment #2

Enrichment #2 Test I. Which Car was that? Two cars were moving at constant speed. Car
Enrichment #2 Test I. Which Car was that? Two cars were moving at constant speed. Car

Test I. Which Car was that?

Two cars were moving at constant speed. Car A is moving at a rate of (1)

Car B is moving at 80 mph. After 3 hours Car A is 27 miles from Car B which by this

Two hours earlier Car A is (3)

On the fourth hour, Car B decided to stop for (4)

Car B stopped till it started to continue its track Car A has travelled (5)

making the distance between the two cars equal to 80.5 miles. (6-10) If a snail moving at a rate of 0.0000001 mile/s crossing the road 500 miles away from the starting point and the road is 0.004 mile wide which car is closer to the snail when it reaches the middle of the road?(The snail started crossing the moment the two cars started the moving.)

minutes. From the moment

miles ahead of Car B.

time has travelled (2)

mph.

miles

Test II. Average Velocity (Use 1:20meters and 1:5naut.miles in plotting)

Plot the movement of the following objects and determine their average velocity.

1. A ship move at a speed of 30 knots with a bearing of 120° for half an hour. Then turned 30° to the left and travelled 20 n.m. for 45 minutes to reach its destination.

2. To reach the school, Ramon walked the following distance: 160m N 30° E for 3

minutes; 100m West for 5 minutes; and 20

N 30° E for 3 minutes; 100m West for 5 minutes; and 2 0 2 m

2 m NE for 2 minutes.

y 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 x -9 -8 -7 -6
y
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
x
-9
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 x -9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 x -9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2
 
   
   
   
 

Enrichment #3

 

Top Ten (10) Fastest Land Animals

1. Cheetah (70 mph)

1.

The cheetah is the fastest member of the cat family and is unique because what it lacks in climbing abilities it makes up for in speed and stealth. The cheetah is the fastest of all land animals and can reach speeds between 112 kilometres per hour (70 mph) and 120 kilometres per hour (75 mph) in short bursts up to 460 metres (500 yd). The cheetah's ability to accelerate is unmatched. The animal can easily accelerate from 0 to 110 kilometres per

 

hour (68 mph) in three seconds, faster than most supercars.

2. Pronghorn Antelope (61 mph) The Pronghorn Antelope's exceptional speed is necessary in order to evade predators by outrunning them. The animal is considered to be the fastest animal in the new world. The top speed is very hard to measure accurately and it varies between individuals, however the animal has been clocked at 61mph. It is often cited as the second-fastest land animal with the Cheetah being the fastest. The animal can sustain these speeds much longer than a cheetah due to its larger heart and lungs. These animals are poor jumpers.

can sustain these speeds much longer than a cheetah due to its larger heart and lungs.
3. Wildebeest (50 mph) The Wildebeest is another animal that relies on its speed to
 

4.

Lion (50 mph)

The king of bests doesn't often use his speed when hunting because the lioness does the majority of the hunting. Those Lions without a pride use clever stealth and speed to catch their prey. Males can exceed 550lbs, making it the second largest living cat after the tiger. Wild lions can only be found in

cat after the tiger. Wild lions can only be found in sub-S aharan Africa, Asia and
 
5 . Thomson’s Gazelle (50 mph)

5.

Named after explorer Joseph Thompson, the Thompson's Gazelle is one of the best known gazelles. In order to evade its main enemy, the cheetah, these animals can reach speeds of 50 mph, and can sustain longer

 

bursts than their mortal enemy.

6.

Quarterhorse (47.5 mph)

8. Cape Hunting Dog (45 mph)

10. Gray Fox (42 mph)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

7. Elk (45 mph)

9. Coyote (43 mph)

Assessment #1 Direction UP-SIDE-DOWN WORD SEARCH Instruction: Connect the letters inside the box to form
Assessment #1 Direction UP-SIDE-DOWN WORD SEARCH Instruction: Connect the letters inside the box to form
Assessment #1 Direction UP-SIDE-DOWN WORD SEARCH Instruction: Connect the letters inside the box to form

Assessment #1

Direction

Assessment #1 Direction UP-SIDE-DOWN WORD SEARCH Instruction: Connect the letters inside the box to form the

UP-SIDE-DOWN WORD SEARCH

Instruction: Connect the letters inside the box to form the word that answers the question or completes the statement. You may connect adjacent letters upward, downward and sideward. You are not allowed to connect letters diagonally. Find the 8 Items to uncover the mystery word using the unused letters.

K

S

C

A

L

A

I

E

D

I

T

O

R

R

A

G

P

S

C

E

O

E

R

N

L

A

C

V

U

N

A

E

M

A

E

M

S

A

V

A

N

A

L

E

N

T

T

I

I

T

S

T

A

N

I

A

F

I

N

I

C

I

S

L

Example N B I T O M R E C P E S I U
Example
N
B
I
T
O
M
R
E
C
P
E
S
I
U
T
A

1. is an entity characterized by a magnitude and a direction.

2. Average speed is the mean of all the

time.

3. The length of the line directly connecting the initial and the final position.

4. Speed is not direction aware making it a

5. The ratio of the displacement and the total time is called

6-7. An object has zero displacement if its

8. What is the displacement if an object moved 6 km East and 8 km North?

9. The mystery word is

10. Give your own definition of the mystery word:

speed recorded for a certain period of

quantity.

and

velocity.

positions is the same.

of the mystery word: speed recorded for a certain period of quantity. and velocity. positions is
of the mystery word: speed recorded for a certain period of quantity. and velocity. positions is
Activity #1 Test I. Ranking Speed Given are four objects with varying speed. Convert the
Activity #1 Test I. Ranking Speed Given are four objects with varying speed. Convert the
Activity #1 Test I. Ranking Speed Given are four objects with varying speed. Convert the

Activity #1

Test I. Ranking Speed

Given are four objects with varying speed. Convert the speed of each object to the desired unit

and rank them from 1 to 4, where 1 is the fastest and 4 is the slowest. (Let

22

7

.)

π =

See next page for the solution.
See
next
page
for the solution.
(Let 22 7 .) π = See next page for the solution. 4 A wheel of
(Let 22 7 .) π = See next page for the solution. 4 A wheel of

4

A wheel of radius 28 cm moving at 60 rpm

=

1.76

m/s

1

A plane moving at a speed of 30 kph

=

8.33

m/s

3

A sprinter running 100 m in 15 seconds

=

6.67

m/s

2

A car running 72 meters after 9 seconds

=

8.00

m/s

Test II. Average Speed

Determine the average speed of the following objects.

1. A car speed tabulated for every seconds under a 10-second time duration.

Speed

0

10

8

7

10

15

8

7

10

10

15

m/s

time

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

sec

s ave = 10

m

/

s

2. A runner whose movement is as follow: 200 m for 80 sec, 100 m for 25 sec, and 300 m for 90 sec.

s ave = 3 m /

s

Test III. How fast you move.

Fill up the table below (Use approximate values) and calculate your speed in m/s for that activity.

Activity

Distance

Time Consumed

Average Speed

Answers for this

Walking (House to School)

meters

hr

min

sec

activity may vary. See to it that the

m/s

Climbing a Staircase

meters

calculated

is

hr

min

sec

m/s

what

is

Average

speed

Riding a Bicycle

meters

correct

hr

min

sec

as

m/s

Going to the Mall

recorded in the distance and the time consumed.

meters

hr

min

sec

m/s

Swimming

meters

hr

min

sec

m/s

Walking (Classroom to Canteen)

meters

hr

min

sec

m/s

m/s Swimming meters hr min sec m/s Walking (Classroom to Canteen) meters hr min sec m/s
m/s Swimming meters hr min sec m/s Walking (Classroom to Canteen) meters hr min sec m/s

Solutions for Activity I Test I

8.00 m/s
8.00 m/s

Solutions for Activity I Test II

1. A car speed tabulated for every seconds under a 10-second time duration.

Speed

0

10

8

7

10

15

8

7

10

10

15

m/s

time

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

sec

To determine the average speed, we will calculate the mean of instantaneous speed of the car as recorded in the table.

10

s

10 + 8 + 7 + 10 + 15 + 8 + 7 + 10 + 10 + 15

100

s ave

=

n = 1

s

 

=

s

 

=

s

ave = 10 /

m

s

 

ave

ave

n

10

10

2. A runner whose movement is as follow: 200 m for 80 sec, 100 m for 30 sec, and 300 m for 90 sec.

s ave

 

∑ ∑ s

d

t

 

200

+

100

+

300

600

600

s ave = 3 m /

 

=

 

=

 

s

 

=

 

s

 

=

s

 
 

ave

80

+

30

+

90

 

ave

200

ave

200

 
  s   = s     ave 80 + 30 + 90   ave 200
  s   = s     ave 80 + 30 + 90   ave 200
Activity #2 Test I. Speed Vs. Velocity Determine whether the following suggest speed or velocity.

Activity #2

Test I. Speed Vs. Velocity

Activity #2 Test I. Speed Vs. Velocity Determine whether the following suggest speed or velocity. Write
Activity #2 Test I. Speed Vs. Velocity Determine whether the following suggest speed or velocity. Write

Determine whether the following suggest speed or velocity. Write S for speed and V for velocity.

V

An elevator moving 30m from the first floor to the third floor for 5 minutes (Upward)

S

A man walked for half an hour and covered 600 meters.

V

A ball dropped 30 m above a building is found on the ground 3 seconds after. (Downward)

V

The news reported that the speed of Hanging Habagat is 20 km/h. (Southwest)

S

A sprinter finishes a 400 meter race after 2 minutes and 16 seconds.

Test II. The Friendly Race Read and analyze the situation. Answer the questions that follow.

4 friends decided to have a race from the gate of their school to the beach. The beach is 30 km north of the starting position. Since the friends are racing from each other they decided to take different paths.

Ramon: 20 km North for 15 minutes; 5 km N 30° E for 5 minutes; and 5 km West for 5 minutes.

Ronald: 20

for 5 minutes; and 5 km West for 5 minutes. Ronald: 2 0 2 km NW

2 km NW for 27 minutes; 20 km East for 20 minutes; and 10 km North for 6

minutes. Eduard: 15 km North for 10 minutes; 15 km West for 11 minutes; and 15

minutes. Adolfo: 50 km N 60° E for 50 minutes; 15 km West for 11 minutes; and 5 km South for 7 minutes.

15 km West for 11 minutes; and 5 km South for 7 minutes. 2 km NE

2 km NE for 15

1. Complete the table below.

Name

Total Distance

Total Time

Average Speed

Ramon

30

km

0

hr 25 min

72.00

km/h

Ronald

58

km

0

hr 53 min

65.66

km/h

Eduard

51

km

0

hr 36 min

85.00

km/h

Adolfo

70

km

1

hr 08 min

61.76

km/h

2. Who did not finish the race? Ramon and Adolfo

3. Who finished the race? Ronald and Eduard

61.76 km/h 2. Who did not finish the race? Ramon and Adolfo 3. Who finished the
61.76 km/h 2. Who did not finish the race? Ramon and Adolfo 3. Who finished the

4. Who won the race? Eduard won the race for reaching the beach with a total time of 36

minutes.

5. Using the Cartesian plane below, plot the movement of each friend. (Use the scale 1 unit: 5 km and let the starting position be at the origin.)

unit: 5 km and let the starting position be at the origin.) 6. From the plot

6. From the plot above, determine the displacement of the four friends. (Round off answers to two decimal

places.)

Name

Displacement

Ramon

24.46

km

Ronald

30.00

km

Eduard

30.00

km

Adolfo

34.65

km

7. Calculate the average velocity of the four friends. (Round off answers to two decimal places.)

See next page for the solution.
See
next
page
for the solution.
to two decimal places.) See next page for the solution. Name Average Velocity Ramon 58.70 km/h
to two decimal places.) See next page for the solution. Name Average Velocity Ramon 58.70 km/h

Name

Average Velocity

Ramon

58.70

km/h N 5.87° W

Ronald

33.96

km/h North

Eduard

50.00

km/h North

Adolfo

30.57

km/h N 54.75° E

N 5.87° W Ronald 33.96 km/h North Eduard 50.00 km/h North Adolfo 30.57 km/h N 54.75°
N 5.87° W Ronald 33.96 km/h North Eduard 50.00 km/h North Adolfo 30.57 km/h N 54.75°

Solutions for items number 6 and 7.

6. To calculate for displacement, we use component method.

Ramon: 20 km North for 15 min; 5 km N 30° E for 5 min; and 5 km West for

5 min.

Displacement

Direction

X-component

Y-component

20

km

 

North

0

20

5

km

N

30° E

2.5

2.5

3
3

5

km

 

W

-5

0

 

Total

 

-2.5

20+2.5

3
3

D

=

2.5 2.5

)

2

(

+ 20 + 2.5

3
3

) 2

D

24.46 km

D

( ∑ 2
(
2

=

Ronald: 20

)

2

+

(

y component

)

2

)

2

)

2

)

2

x component

km NW for 27 min;

Displacement

Direction

X-component

Y-component

20

2
2

km

NW

-20

20

 

20

km

E

20

0

 

10

km

N

0

10

 

Total

0

30

Displacement

Direction

X-component

Y-component

15

km

N

0

15

15

km

W

-15

0

15

15 2 km

2 km

NE

15

15

 

Total

0

30

=

D15 2 km NE 15 15   Total 0 30 = = 30.00 km Displacement Direction

= 30.00 km

Displacement

Direction

X-component

Y-component

50

km

N

60° E

25

3
3

25

15

km

 

W

-15

 

0

5

km

 

S

 

0

-5

 

Total

 

25

25 3 -15

3 -15

20

20

) 2

D

34.65 km

North for 6 minutes.

Eduard: 15 km North for 10 min; 15

km West for 11 min; and 15

NE for 15 min.

10 min; 15 km West for 11 min; and 1 5 NE for 15 min. 2

2 km

Adolfo: 50 km N 60° E for 50 min;

15 km West for 11 min; and 5 km

South for 7 min.

7. For the direction of the velocity use the results of the component method in item number 6.

y

x

20 + 2.5 3
20
+
2.5
3

2.5

Therefore, Ramon’s average velocity is

24.46

25 min

N 90 84.13°W

= 58.70N5.87°W

33.96km / h N

50.00km / h N

Adolfo:

tan

θ =

y

x

y

x

y

x

tan

θ

=

tan

θ

=

tan

θ

=

30

0

30

0

20

tan θ = tan − θ = 30 0 30 0 20 − θ 30 θ =

θ

30

θ = 90° Therefore, Ronald’s v ave = 53min

30

θ = 90° Therefore, Eduard’s v ave = 36 min

= 0.070668

θ = 35.25

Therefore, Adolfo’s average velocity is

34.65

68 min

N 90 35.25°E

=

30.57km / h N 54.75°E

Adolfo’s average velocity is 34.65 68 min N 90 − 35.25 ° E = 30.57 km
Adolfo’s average velocity is 34.65 68 min N 90 − 35.25 ° E = 30.57 km

20 km East

for 20 min; and 10

km

D

=

(
(

x component

)

2

+

(

y component

D

=

DD = ( ∑ x − component ) 2 + ( ∑ y − component D

= 30.00 km

D =

(
(

D = ( ∑ x − component ) 2 + ( ∑ y − component D

x component

)

2

+

(

y component

D

D =

(
(

x component

)

2

+

(

y component

D

=

3 − 15 15

)

2

+

(

Ramon:

tan

θ =

θ

tan

Ramon: tan θ = − − θ tan = tan − θ = − 9.732050808 θ
Ramon: tan θ = − − θ tan = tan − θ = − 9.732050808 θ

=

tan

θ

= −9.732050808

θ = −84.13

Ronald:

tan

θ =

tan θ = undefined

=

Eduard:

tan

θ =

tan θ = undefined

=

Assessment #1 Direction UP-SIDE-DOWN WORD SEARCH Instruction: Connect the letters inside the box to form
Assessment #1 Direction UP-SIDE-DOWN WORD SEARCH Instruction: Connect the letters inside the box to form
Assessment #1 Direction UP-SIDE-DOWN WORD SEARCH Instruction: Connect the letters inside the box to form

Assessment #1

Direction

Assessment #1 Direction UP-SIDE-DOWN WORD SEARCH Instruction: Connect the letters inside the box to form the

UP-SIDE-DOWN WORD SEARCH

Instruction: Connect the letters inside the box to form the word that answers the question or completes the statement. You may connect adjacent letters upward, downward and sideward. You are not allowed to connect letters diagonally. Find the 8 Items to uncover the mystery word using the unused letters.

Items to uncover the mystery word using the unused letters. 1. VECTOR is an entity characterized

1. VECTOR is an entity characterized by a magnitude and a direction.

2. Average speed is the mean of all the INSTANTENOUS speed recorded for a certain period

of time.

3. The length of the line directly connecting the initial and the final position. DISPLACEMENT

4. Speed is not direction aware making it a SCALAR quantity.

5. The ratio of the displacement and the total time is called AVERAGE velocity.

6-7. An object has zero displacement if it’s INITIAL and FINAL positions is the same.

8. What is the displacement if an object moved 6 km East and 8 km North? TEN (10 km)

9. The mystery word is KINEMATICS.

10. Give your own definition of the mystery word:

Kinematics is the study of motion and its components.

Assessment Card #2   See next page for the solution. Test I. Multiple Choice. (Use
Assessment Card #2   See next page for the solution. Test I. Multiple Choice. (Use
Assessment Card #2   See next page for the solution. Test I. Multiple Choice. (Use

Assessment Card #2

 
See next page for the solution.
See next page for
the solution.
See next page for the solution.
See next page for the solution.

Test I. Multiple Choice. (Use π=3.14)

1. A plane’s speed after landing is defined by the equation s = 1 8

1. A plane’s speed after landing is defined by the equation s = 180 18t m s , how long would it take the plane to stop?

 

a. 10 seconds

b. 11 seconds

c. 12 seconds

d. 13 seconds

2. A 50 m train of constant speed enters a 300 m tunnel, if a stationary light located in the tunnel has been above the train for 4 seconds. How fast is the train moving?

a.

10 m/s

b. 12.5 m/s

c. 15 m/s

d. 17.5 m/s

3. A car was able to take 10 laps in a circular race track whose radius is 15 m for a total time of 15 minutes and 42 second. What is the average speed of the car?

 

a. 10 km/h

b. 20 km/h

c. 30 km/h

d. 40 km/h

4. Two men were walking towards each other. The speed of the first man (A) is 2/3 of the speed of the second man (B) and the distance between them is 150m. After t seconds the two men meet each other, by this point how far did man A travelled?

a.

50 m

b.

60 m

c. 70 m

d. cannot be

determined

5. A runner ran around an oval and returned to his original position. If the average speed of the runner is 2 mph and he ran for 13 minutes, which of the following could be his velocity?

a.

2 mph East

b. 0 mph North

c. 4 mph East

d. 1 mph North

Test II. Matching Type – Match Column A with Column B. Connect the Circles of the corresponding matches.

d. 1 mph North Test II. Matching Type – Match Column A with Column B. Connect
Solutions for Assessment Card #2 Test 1
Solutions for Assessment Card #2 Test 1
Enrichment #1 Test I. Vocabulary Enhancement Define the following: 1. Average Speed is the ratio
Enrichment #1
Test I. Vocabulary Enhancement
Define the following:
1. Average Speed is the ratio of the total distance travelled to the total time.
2. Azimuth is a horizontal angle measured clockwise from a north base line or meridian.
3. Direction is the line or course upon which anything is moving or aimed to
move, or in which anything is lying or pointing.
4. Displacement is the length of the track connecting the initial and the final
position.
5. Instantaneous Speed is the speed of an object at a given moment of time.
6. Kinematics is the study of motion and its components.
7. Scalar Quantity is a simple physical quantity that is not direction aware.
8. Speed the rate at which an object is moving.
9. Vector Quantity a quantity having a magnitude and a direction.
10. Velocity the speed at which an object is moving with respect to the direction.
Test II. Relationship of Distance, Time, Speed and Velocity
Match the definition with the appropriate illustration below.
a.
b.
c.
d.
a & c Constant Speed
b
Zero Displacement
d
Increasing Speed
b
Zero Velocity
a & c Constant Velocity
Test II. Essay
A. Explain why it is possible to have positive average speed but zero average velocity.
It is possible to have zero average velocity but a positive average speed since average
speed only takes the total distance covered over the total time while average velocity
takes the displacement over the total time. Assuming that the initial and the final
position is the same, the displacement would be equal to zero thus yielding zero average
velocity.
B. Explain the difference between a vector and a scalar quantity.
A vector quantity contains a magnitude and a direction while a scalar quantity has only the
magnitude.
Enrichment #2 Test I. Which Car was that? Two cars were moving at constant speed.

Enrichment #2

Test I. Which Car was that?

Two cars were moving at constant speed. Car A is moving at a rate of (1) 89 mph. Car B is moving at 80 mph. After 3 hours Car A is 27 miles from Car B which by this time has travelled (2) 240 miles. Two hours earlier Car A is (3) 9 miles ahead of Car B. On the fourth hour, Car B decided to stop for (4) 30 minutes. From the moment Car B stopped till it started to continue its track Car A has travelled (5) 44.5 miles making the distance between the two cars equal to 80.5 miles. (6-10) If a snail moving at a rate of 0.0000001 mile/s crossing the road 500 miles away from the starting point and the road is 0.004 mile wide which car is closer to the snail when it reaches the middle of the road?(The snail started crossing the moment the two cars started the moving.) Car A is closer to the snail. (See next page for the solutions.)

Test II. Average Velocity (Use 1:20meters and 1:5naut.miles in plotting)

Plot the movement of the following objects and determine their average velocity.

1. A ship move at a speed of 30 knots with a bearing of 120° for half an hour. Then turned 30° to the left and travelled 20 n.m. for 45 minutes to reach its destination. 27.06 knots E 12.81° S 2. To reach the school, Ramon walked the following distance: 160m N 30° E for 3

minutes; 100m West for 5 minutes; and 20

N 30° E for 3 minutes; 100m West for 5 minutes; and 2 0 2 m

2 m NE for 2 minutes.

y 1. Ship 9 1. Ship's Average Velocity 2. Ramon 8 2. Ramon's Average Velocity
y
1.
Ship
9
1.
Ship's Average Velocity
2.
Ramon
8
2.
Ramon's Average Velocity
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
x
-9
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9

Solutions for Enrichment #2

Test I.

1. It is given that both moved at a constant speed. By examining and using the clue in sentence

number four that states that car A is ahead of Car B. we can conclude that car A’s speed is 89 mph. Using this we can therefore solve the rest of the items.

3.

4.

5.

miles

h

Given t=1, S a = 89 mph and S b = 80 mph. d

Using the answer on the next item we will be able to know how long did car b stopped.

a

d

b

= 89 80 1 = 9 miles

(

)

d

44.5 mi

h

We difference of the two cars on the fourth hour.

t=4, S a = 89 mph and S b = 80 mph. d

a

d

b

= 89 80 4 = 36 miles

(

)

Subtract the value to the total distance on the moment car B Decided to continue.

80.5 36 = 44.5miles

6-10. We first Calculate the time it took the snail to reach the middle.

0.004

÷ 2(

half the length of the road

 

)

=

0.002 mi

×

 

s

m

1

0.0000001 mi

s

20000sec

=

x

89

mi

×

1 h

= 494.44 miles

 

1

h

3600sec

 
 

18200sec

80

mi

1 h

 

×

=

 

x

mi

1

 

h

3600sec

h

0.0000001

Determine the distance cover by the two cars.

3.

Given t=1, S a = 89 mph and S b = 80 mph.

d

t

s

a

= =

20000sec

a mi

89

h

t

s a

20000sec

(.5

×

3600) =

3600) =

80

We subtracted half an hour since car b is not moving for that period of time from the 4 th hour to the 4.5 th hour. With distance travelled above by the two cars. We can conclude that car A is closer to the snail which is found on the 500 th mile of the track.

Test II. Use component method to know the average velocity.

1. A ship move at a speed of 30 knots with a bearing of 120° for half an hour. Then turned 30° to the left and travelled 20 n.m. for 45 minutes to reach its destination.

Displacement

Direction

X-component

Y-component

15n.m.

120° bearing

7.5

15n.m. 120° bearing 7.5 3 -7.5

3

-7.5

20n.m

 

East

20

 

0

Total

 

20 + 7.5

20 + 7.5

3

-7.5

V ave

= 33.83 ÷ (.5 + .75) arctan(7.5 ÷(20 + 7.5

3))

÷ (.5 + .75) arctan ( − 7.5 ÷ ( 20 + 7.5 3 )) V

V ave = 27.06

knots E

12.81°

S

2. To reach the school, Ramon walked the following distance: 160m N 30° E for 3 minutes; 100m West

2 m NE for 2 2 m NE for 2

for 5 minutes; and 20 minutes.

Displacement

Direction

X-component

Y-component

160

m

 

N 30° E

80

80

160 m   N 30° E 80 80 3

3

100

m

 

W

-100

 

0

20

20 2 m   NE 20   20

2 m

 

NE

20

 

20

 

Total

 

0

20 + 80

20 + 80

3

min

-100   0 20 2 m   NE 20   20   Total   0 20
-100   0 20 2 m   NE 20   20   Total   0 20

2.

80

× 3

h

= 240

miles

t =

=

=

0.5 h =

30 min

s

90

mi

t =

t = = 20000sec = 5 hr 20 min 33sec

=

20000sec

=

5

hr

20 min 33sec

d a

=

=

404.44 miles

D =

(
(

x component

)

2

+

(

y component

)

2

D =

(
(

20 + 7.5

) 2 3
)
2
3

+

(

7.5

) 2

D 33.83nm

D =

(
(

x component

)

2

+

(

y component

)

2

D =

(
(

0

)

2 +

( 20 + 80

3
3

) 2

D = 158.56 m

ave = 158.56

V

m

÷ (10 min)

North

V ave

= 15.86

m

North

BOOKS • Richard P. Feynman , Robert B. Leighton, Matthew Sands. The Feynman Lectures on
BOOKS • Richard P. Feynman , Robert B. Leighton, Matthew Sands. The Feynman Lectures on
BOOKS • Richard P. Feynman , Robert B. Leighton, Matthew Sands. The Feynman Lectures on
BOOKS • Richard P. Feynman , Robert B. Leighton, Matthew Sands. The Feynman Lectures on

BOOKS

Richard P. Feynman, Robert B. Leighton, Matthew Sands. The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Volume I, Section 8-2. Addison-Wesley, Reading, Massachusetts (1963). ISBN 0-201-02116-1.

Robert Resnick and Jearl Walker, Fundamentals of Physics, Wiley; 7 Sub edition (June 16, 2004). ISBN

INTERNET

http://www.physicslab.com/speed&velocity.html

http://www.petsdo.com/blog/top-twenty-20-fastest-

land-animals-including-humans

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speed

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velocity