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1 AS 2300.1.4.

2—1988

STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA

Australian Standard
METHODS OF CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL TESTING FOR THE DAIRYING INDUSTRY

AS 2300.1.4.2
GENERAL METHODS AND PRINCIPLES—
DETERMINATION OF FAT CONTENT
OF MILKS AND LIQUID DAIRY
PRODUCTS BY THE BABCOCK
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METHOD—METHODOLOGY

PREFACE

This Standard was prepared by the Association’s Committee on Chemical Analysis of Dairy
Products to supersede the following Standards:
AS
1938 Method for the determination of the fat content of milk on a mass per volume basis
N26 Glassware and methods for the determination of the percentage of fat in milk, skim milk,
separated milk, buttermilk, and cream by the Babcock method
The method has been extended to test products other than those covered in the above Standards.
The specifications for Babcock glassware in AS N26 and AS 1938 have been revised and issued
as AS 2300.1.4.1.

METHOD

1 SCOPE. This Standard sets out the Babcock method (modified where appropriate) for the
determination of the fat content of milks and liquid dairy products.

2 APPLICATION. The method is suitable for testing the products listed below provided that
the sample readily forms a homogeneous mixture when agitated:
(a) Non-homogenized milk raw or pasteurized.
(b) Skim milk, separated milk, buttermilk.
NOTE: Only applicable to these products for obtaining comparative values. If an accurate determination is required,
the gravimetric method should be used.
(c) Cream (but not sour or cultured creams).
(d) Homogenized milk and homogenized flavoured milk except chocolate-flavoured milk.

3 PRINCIPLE. Fat is separated from the aqueous phase by digestion of the solids-not-fat with
sulphuric acid, followed by recovery and estimation of the fat by centrifugation into a graduated
column. For certain products further treatment may be necessary to assist separation of the fat.
When a mass/mass result is required, a 17.6 mL pipette is used to measure the milk sample
assuming that this volume of milk with an average density of 1.030 g/mL at 20°C weighs 18 g.
When a mass/volume result is required, an 18 mL pipette is used to deliver 18 mL of milk with
no assumption of the density of milk.

ISBN 0 7262 5228 X COPYRIGHT C


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AS 2300.1.4.2-1988, Methods of chemical and


physical testing for the dairying industry General
methods and principles - Determination of fat
This is a free 1 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

content of milk and liquid dairy products by the


Babcock method - Methodology

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