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Site code:

GR4210005

NATURA 2000 Data Form

NATURA 2000
STANDARD DATA FORM
FOR SPECIAL PROTECTION AREAS (SPA) FOR SITES ELIGIBLE FOR IDENTIFICATION AS SITES OF COMMUNITY IMPORTANCE (SCI) AND FOR SPECIAL AREAS OF CONSERVATION (SAC)

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION
1.1. TYPE K 1.2. SITE CODE GR4210005 1.3. COMPILATION DATE 199502 1.4. UPDATE 200907

1.5. RELATION WITH OTHER NATURA 2000 SITES: NATURA 2000 SITE CODES GR4210030 1.6. RESPONDENT(S): K. GEORGHIOU, M. MYLONAS (Supervisor), D. KOLLAROS (Editor), , Z. KYPRIOTAKIS, P. PANAYOTIDIS, K. PARAGAMIAN, G. TSIOURLIS, E. VALAKOS (Consultants), ATHENS UNIVERSITY, GR 15784 ATHENS, GREECE. OIKOS LTD, V. PAPPAS (tel. 010 2717763), Dr. K. GEORGHIOU, UNIV. ATHENS, ANAGNOPOULOS LTD (tel. 010 8253653), Dr. P. PANAGIOTIDIS, Dr M. STOUMPOUDI HELLENIC CENTRE FOR MARINE RESEARCH, PO BOX 712, GR 19013 ANAVISSOS, GREECE, Dr. S. ORFANIDIS (IFR). K. PARAGAMIAN, HELLENIC INSTITUTE OF SPELEOLOGICAL RESEARCH, P.O. BOX 2240, GR71409 IRAKLEION, CRETE. EDITED BY THE MINISTRY FOR THE ENVIRONMENT, PHYSICAL PLANNING AND PUBLIC WORKS AND THE GREEK BIOTOPE/WETLAND CENTRE 1.7. SITE NAME: RODOS: AKRAMYTIS, ARMENISTIS, ATTAVYROS, REMATA KAI THALASSIA ZONI (KARAVOLAORMOS GLYFADA) 1.8. SITE INDICATION AND DESIGNATION/CLASSIFICATION DATES: DATE SITE PROPOSED AS ELIGIBLE AS SCI: 199608 DATE SITE CLASSIFIED AS SPA: DATE CONFIRMED AS SCI: 200609 DATE SITE DESIGNATED AS SAC:

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Site code:

GR4210005

NATURA 2000 Data Form

2. SITE LOCATION
2.1. SITE CENTRE LOCATION LONGITUDE
E 27 50 15 W/E (Greenwich)

LATITUDE
36 9 40

2.2. AREA (HA):


27696,22

2.3. SITE LENGTH (KM):

2.4. ALTITUDE (M):


MINIMUM 0 MAXIMUM 1200 MEAN 360,872

2.5. ADMINISTRATIVE REGION: NUTS CODE


GR421

REGION NAME
Dodekanisos

% COVER
100

2.6. BIOGEOGRAPHIC REGION:


Alpine Atlantic Boreal Continental Macaronesian Mediterranean

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Site code:

GR4210005

NATURA 2000 Data Form

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
3.1. HABITAT types present on the site and assessment for them:
ANNEX I HABITAT TYPES: CODE %COVER REPRESENTATIVITY RELATIVE SURFACE CONSERVATION STATUS A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C GLOBAL ASSESSMENT A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C

9540 5420 9290 1110 1120 8310 1240 9320 8210 5210 2250 1170 2110 3290 5330 2230 8330 2260 8140 1410 1210

36,78 18,55 5,38 4,18 2,68 1 0,87 0,83 0,59 0,46 0,45 0,44 0,29 0,23 0,17 0,1 0,1 0,1 0,06 0,04 0

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B

C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C

D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B

C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C

3.1. -

Site code:

GR4210005

NATURA 2000 Data Form

3.2. SPECIES

covered by Article 4 of Directive 79/409/EEC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site assessment for them

3.2 -

Site code:

GR4210005

NATURA 2000 Data Form

3.2.a. BIRDS listed on Annex I of Council directive 79/409/EEC

3.2.b. Regularly occuring Migratory Birds not listed on Annex I of Council Directive 79/409/EEC

3.2.c. MAMMALS listed on Annex II of Council directive 92/43/EEC

CODE NAME Resident

POPULATION Migratory Breed Winter Stage

SITE ASSESSMENT Population Conservation Isolation

Global

1366 1310 1304 1305 1306

Monachus monachus Miniopterus schreibersi Rhinolophus ferrum-equinum Rhinolophus euryale Rhinolophus blasii

1-5 i P P P P

A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D

A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C

A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C

A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C

3.2.d. AMPHIBIANS and REPTILES listed on Annex II of Council directive 92/43/EEC

CODE NAME Resident

POPULATION Migratory Breed Winter Stage

SITE ASSESSMENT Population Conservation Isolation

Global

1222 1293

Mauremys caspica Elaphe situla

P P

A B C D A B C D

A B C A B C

A B C A B C

A B C A B C

3.2.e. FISHES listed on Annex II of Council directive 92/43/EEC

CODE NAME Resident

POPULATION Migratory Breed Winter Stage

SITE ASSESSMENT Population Conservation Isolation

Global

1117

Ladigesocypris ghigii

A B C D

A B C

A B C

A B C

3.2 -

Site code:

GR4210005

NATURA 2000 Data Form

3.2.f. INVERTEBRATES listed on Annex II of Council directive 92/43/EEC

3.2.g. PLANTS listed on Annex II of Council directive 92/43/EEC

CODE

NAME

POPULATION Population

SITE ASSESSMENT Conservation Isolation

Global

1481 1748

Paeonia clusii ssp. rhodia Asyneuma giganteum

P P

A B C D A B C D

A B C A B C

A B C A B C

A B C A B C

3.2 -

Site code:

GR4210005

NATURA 2000 Data Form

3.3. Other Important Species of Flora and Fauna


GROUP B M A R F I P R P P P P R R R P R P P P P R A R R R I P P P P R P SCIENTIFIC NAME POPULATION MOTIVATION

Ablepharus kitaibelii Anthemis rhodensis Arenaria guicciardii Campanula hagielia Centaurea lactucifolia Chalcides ocellatus Coluber gemonensis Coluber najadum Crocus tournefortii Cyrtodactylus kotschyi Ebenus sibthorpii Erysimum rhodium Fibigia lunarioides Fritillaria rhodia Hemidactylus turcicus Hyla arborea Lacerta trilineata Natrix natrix Ophisops elegans Pinna nobilis Salsola aegaea Scabiosa variifolia Seseli gummiferum ssp. crithmifoliu Silene salamandra Typhlops vermicularis Zygophyllum album

R P P P P P C P P R P P P P C C C C C P P P P P C P

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B

C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C

D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D

(B = Birds, M = Mammals, A = Amphibians, R = Reptiles, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, P = Plants)

3.3 -

Site code:

GR4210005

NATURA 2000 Data Form

4. SITE DESCRIPTION
4.1. GENERAL SITE CHARACTER: Habitat classes
Marine areas, Sea inlets Tidal rivers, Estuaries, Mud flats, Sand flats, Lagoons (including saltwork basins) Salt marshes, Salt pastures, Salt steppes Coastal sand dunes, Sand beaches, Machair Shingle, Sea cliffs, Islets Inland water bodies (Standing water, Running water) Heath, Scrub, Maquis and Garrigue, Phygrana Other arable land Broad-leaved deciduous woodland Coniferous woodland Evergreen woodland Inland rocks, Screes, Sands, Permanent Snow and ice Other land (including Towns, Villages, Roads, Waste places, Mines, Industrial sites) Total habitat cover

% cover
14,81 0,11 0,01 1,13 0,87 0,32 19,59 18,97 0,1 41,82 0,82 1,01 0,44 100 %

Other site characteristics


The site is situated at the south-west part of Rhodos island and includes the mountainous region of Attavyros (1217 m) and Akramytis, the area of Sianitis river, streams of Gadouras and Kontaris and the coastal area from Papagiorgis bay, to cape Armenistis and southwards to Apolakkias bay. The marine part covers 7% of the site. It is a region without many tourists, in contrast to other regions of the island. The more characteristic terrestrial habitats are the two types of coniferous wood ( the first with Pinus brutia and the second one with Cupressus sempervirens). The site also includes a broad area with maquis and phrygana. There are areas with garrigues of Quercus coccifera; the garrigues are grazed and low (up to 1 m diss-dominated Q. coccifera formations -not including the species Ampelodesmus- described by habitat type 5332). Very important are the two marine habitat types (the grasslands of Posidonia and the much smaller areas with reefs). Two other types of habitats, although covering a smaller area, are nevertheless noteworthy: the artificial lake and the inland caves.

4.2. QUALITY AND IMPORTANCE:


The streams of Gadouras and Kontaris are of great importance for the survival of the fish Ladigesocypris ghighii.

4.3. VULNERABILITY
Un-sustainable tourism development threatens the site. Fires are a threat for the coniferous woods.

4.4. SITE DESIGNATION:

4.5. OWNERSHIP
Public ownership. Private ownership.

4.6. DOCUMENTATION
1) 3.2.d, 3.3 1) Clark R.J. 1968. A collection of snakes from Greece. Br. J. Herpet. 4: 45-48. 2) Mertens R. 1959. Zur Kenntnis der Lacerten auf der Insel Rhodos. Senck.

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Site code:

GR4210005

NATURA 2000 Data Form

biol., 40(1/2): 15-24. 3) Werner F. 1930. Contribution to the knowledge of the reptiles and amphibians of Greece, especially the Aegean islands. 211: 1-47. 4) Wettstein O. 1964. Herpetologisch Neues aus Rhodos. Senck. biol. 45(3/5): 501504. 5) Wettstein-westersheimb O. 1965. Ergebnisse der von Dr. O. Paget und Dr. E. Kritscher auf Rhodos durch gefuerten zoologischen Excursionen. Ann. Naturhistor. Mus. Wien 68: 635 - 640. 6) Zavattari E. 1929. Ricerche faunistiche nelle isole Italiane dell' Egeo. Anfibi e Rettili: 31-36. 3.2.g., 3.3 7) Carlstrom A. 1987. A survey of the flora and phytogeography of Rhodos, Simi, Tilos and the Marmaris peninsula. Ph.D. Thesis. Univ. of Lund. 8) Regional Activity Centre for specially Protected Areas, 1994. (Work team: Grissac A.J. de, V.Tilot, I.M. Sinnassamy, P.Panayotidis). Preliminary study on the conservation of the Environment of the island of Rhodes. IUCN marine programme p.69. 9) Helelnic Society for the Study and Protection of the Monk Seal (HSSPMS). 1994. Continuation of establishment of a rescue network for orphan, wounded and sick seals and gathering of seal observations from the whole Greece. Function of the seal treatment and rehabilitation center in Alonnisos. Final Report. EU Contract No 4-3010 (92)7829, p 112. (3.2.c) 10) Helelnic Society for the Study and Protection of the Monk Seal (HSSPMS). 1995. Survey of the centers and of the monk seal population in the Dodekanese region. Final report. EU Contract 4-3040.91.7808. p 19. (3.2.c) 11) Koomen P. van Helsdingen P.J. 1993. Listing of Biotopes in Europe according to their significance for invertebrates. Council of Europe T-PV (93) 43, p. 74 12) Krendl F. Die Arten der Galium mollugo - Gruppe in Griechenland. Bot. Chron. 6-7:5-168, 1987 13) Golz P. & Reinhard H.R. 1989. Zur Orchideenflora von Lesvos. Mitt. Bl. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Wurtt, 21(1):1-87. 14) Georghiou K. 1995. Checklist of Endemic, Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece. Draft. University of Athens. (3.3, 3.4, 4.2) 15) Morgan V & C. Leon. 1992. Datasheets of Flora species for revision of Appendix I of the Bern Convention. Volume IV. endemic taxa of Cyprus, Greece and Turkey Nature and environment. Nature and Envrionment. No 63 p. 106. Council of Europe, Publishing and Documentaion Service, Strasbourg. (3.2.g.) 16) Browicz K. 1985. The genus Lithodora Griseb. (Boraginaceae) in the eastern Mediterranean Region. Ann. Mus. Goul. 7:39-48. (3.4). 17) Brullo S., P. Pavone & C. Salmeri. 1992. Allium rhodiacum (Liliaceae), a new species from Rhodos (Greece). Willdenowia 22:89, 1992 (3.4) 18) Stoumboudi, M. (ed.). 2002. Conservation measures for the endangered fish Ladigesocypris ghighii*, LIFE - Nature Project (B4-3200/98/445), Third interim report. 19) Stoumboudi, M.Th., R. Barbieri, M. Corsini - Foka, A.N. Economou and P.S. Economidis. 2002. Aspects of the reproduction and early life history of Ladigesocypris ghighii, a freshwater fish species endemic to Rhodes island (Greece): Implementation to conservation. Pp. 178-185. In: Collares-Pereira, M.J., I.G. Cowx, M.M. Coelho (ed.). Conservation of freshwater fishes: options for the future. Fishing News Books, Blackwell Science, Oxford. 2 20) Stoumboudi, M.Th., R. Barbieri, Z. Mamuris, M.J. Corsini-Foka and A.N. Economou. 2002. Threatened fishes of the world: Ladigesocypris ghighii

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Site code:

GR4210005

NATURA 2000 Data Form

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS AND RELATION WITH CORINE BIOTOPES


5.1. DESIGNATION TYPES at National and Regional level:
CODE GR06 GR95 IN01 % COVER 0,663359 0,535905 0,663359

5.2. RELATION OF THE DESCRIBED SITE WITH OTHER SITES:


designated at National or Regional level: TYPE CODE GR06 SITE NAME Fysiko dasos kyparissiou ston Empona Rodou OVERLAP TYPE + % COVER 0,663359

designated at International level: TYPE Council of Europe Biogenetic Reserve SITE NAME Fysiko Dasos Kyparissiou ston Empona Rodou OVERLAP TYPE + % COVER 0,663359

5.3. RELATION OF THE DESCRIBED SITE WITH CORINE BIOTOPE SITES:

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Site code:

GR4210005

NATURA 2000 Data Form

6. IMPACTS AND ACTIVITIES IN AND AROUND THE SITE


6.1. GENERAL IMPACTS AND ACTIVITIES AND PROPORTION OF THE SURFACE OF THE SITE AFFECTED IMPACTS AND ACTIVITIES WITHIN the site
CODE 100 110 120 140 160 210 220 230 240 250 402 421 INTENSITY A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C % OF SITE 8 5 5 20 10 5 5 10 10 10 5 INFLUENCE + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 -

IMPACTS AND ACTIVITIES AROUND the site


CODE 100 110 120 140 210 220 230 240 250 400 500 620 INTENSITY A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C INFLUENCE + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 -

6.2. SITE MANAGEMENT AND PLANS BODY RESPONSIBLE FOR THE SITE MANAGEMENT
FOREST SERVICE OF RODOS

SITE MANAGEMENT AND PLANS


Management Plan for Siannou - Monolithou Forest.

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Site code:

GR4210005

NATURA 2000 Data Form

7. MAPS OF THE SITE


Physical map
NATIONAL MAP NUMBER SCALE 100000 PROJECTION HATT DIGITISED FORM AVAILABLE (*) Digitized Parabolic ArcInfo 9 Digitized Parabolic ArcInfo 9 boundaries. system EGSA 87. boundaries. system EGSA 87.

100000

HATT

(*) Reference to availability of boundaries in digitised form

Aerial photograph(s) included:

8. SLIDES

7/8 -

Site code:

GR4210005

NATURA 2000 Data Form

4. SITE DESCRIPTION
4.7. HISTORY

4.7 -