Sei sulla pagina 1di 73

ZESTAW INSTRUKCJI DO MIKROPROCESOROWYCH REGULATORW TEMPERATUYRY I PROCESW

Z SERII

FCR-15A I FCD-15A

SE

INTERFEJS KOMUNIKACYJNY RS-232 I RS485 PROTOK KOMUNIKACYJNY SHINKO MODBUS ASCII

AC

Sp
ORAZ

.z

o. o.

ON/OFF SERVO DIGITAL INDICATING CONTROLLER

FCD-15A, FCR-15A
INSTRUCTION MANUAL

AC

SE

Sp

.z

o. o.

Preface
Thank you for purchasing our ON/OFF SERVO digital indicating controller FCD-15A, FCR-15A. This manual contains instructions for the mounting, functions, operations and notes when operating the FCD-15A, FCR-15A. To prevent accidents arising from the misuse of this controller, please ensure the operator receives this manual.

Notes
This instrument should be used in accordance with the specifications described in the manual. If it is not used according to the specifications, it may malfunction or cause a fire. Be sure to follow the warnings, cautions and notices. If they are not observed, serious injury or malfunction may occur. Specifications, external appearance of the FCD-15A, FCR-15A and the contents of this instruction manual are subject to change without notice. Care has been taken to ensure that the contents of this instruction manual are correct, but if there are any doubts, mistakes or questions, please inform our sales department. Measures must be taken to ensure that the operator cannot touch power terminals or other high voltage sections. Any unauthorized transfer or copying of this document, in part or in whole, is prohibited. Shinko Technos CO., LTD. is not liable for any damage or secondary damage(s) incurred as a result of using this product, including any indirect damage. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS (Be sure to read these precautions before using our products.) The safety precautions are classified into 2 categories: Warning and Caution. Depending on the circumstances, procedures indicated by Caution may cause serious results, so be sure to follow the directions for usage.

Warning Caution Warning

Procedures which may lead to dangerous conditions and cause death or serious injury, if not carried out properly.

Procedures which may lead to dangerous conditions and cause superficial to medium injury or physical damage or may degrade or damage the product, if not carried out properly.

To ensure safe and correct use, thoroughly read and understand this manual before using this instrument. This instrument is intended to be used for industrial machinery, machine tools and measuring equipment. Verify correct usage after consulting purpose of use with our agency or main office. (Never use this instrument for medical purposes with which human lives are involved.) External protection devices such as protection equipment against excessive temperature rise, etc. must be installed, as malfunction of this product could result in serious damage to the system or injury to personnel. Also proper periodic maintenance is required. This instrument must be used under the conditions and environment described in this manual. Shinko Technos Co., Ltd. does not accept liability for any injury, loss of life or damage occurring due to the instrument being used under conditions not otherwise stated in this manual.

AC

Caution with respect to Export Trade Control Ordinance To avoid this instrument from being used as a component in, or utilization in the manufacture of weapons of mass destruction (i.e. military applications, military equipment, etc.), please investigate the end users and the final use of this instrument. In the case of resale, ensure that this instrument is not illegally exported. 2

SE

To prevent an electric shock or fire, only Shinko or qualified service personnel may handle the inner assembly. To prevent an electric shock, fire or damage to the instrument, parts replacement may only be undertaken by Shinko or other qualified service personnel.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Sp

.z

o. o.

1. Installation precautions

Caution
This instrument is intended to be used under the following environmental conditions (IEC61010-1): Overvoltage category , Pollution degree 2 Ensure the mounting location corresponds to the following conditions: A minimum of dust, and an absence of corrosive gases No flammable, explosive gases No mechanical vibrations or shocks No exposure to direct sunlight, an ambient temperature of 0 to 50 (32 to 122 ) that does not change rapidly, and without icing An ambient non-condensing humidity of 35 to 85%RH No large capacity electromagnetic switches or cables through which large current is flowing. No water, oil or chemicals or where the vapors of these substances can come into direct contact with the unit Take note that the ambient temperature of this unit as well as the control panel must not exceed 50 (122 ) if mounted through the control panel. Otherwise the life of electronic components (especially electrolytic capacitors) may be shortened. Note: Avoid setting this instrument directly on or near flammable material even though the case of this instrument is made of flame-resistant resin.

2. Wiring precautions

Caution

AC

3. Running and maintenance precautions

It is recommended that PID auto-tuning be performed on the trial run. Do not touch live terminals. This may cause electric shock or operation problems. Turn the power supply OFF before retightening the terminal or cleaning. Working or touching the terminal with the power switched ON may result in severe injury or death due to Electric Shock. Use a soft, dry cloth when cleaning the instrument. (Alcohol based substances may tarnish or deface the unit.) As the display section is vulnerable, do not strike or scratch it with a hard object or press hard on it. 3

SE
Caution

Do not leave bits of wire in the instrument, because they could cause fire or malfunction. Use the solderless terminal with an insulation sleeve in which an M3 screw fits when wiring the FCD-15A, FCR-15A. The terminal block of this instrument is designed to be wired from the left side. The lead wire must be inserted from the left side of the terminal, and fastened with the terminal screw. Tighten the terminal screw within the specified torque. If excessive force is applied to the screw when tightening, the screw or case may be damaged. Do not apply a commercial power source to the sensor connected to the input terminal nor allow the power source to come into contact with the sensor, as the input circuit may be burnt out. This controller has no built-in power switch, circuit breaker or fuse. It is necessary to install them near the controller. (Recommended fuse: Time-lag fuse, rated voltage 250V AC, rated current 2A) For a 24V AC/DC power source, do not confuse polarity when using direct current (DC).

Sp

.z

o. o.

--- CONTENTS ---

1 Model
1.1 Model 6 1.2 How to read the model label .. 7

2 Name and functions of the sections


2.1 Name and displays .. 8

3 Mounting to the control panel 3.1 Site selection 10

4 Wiring

4.1 Terminal arrangement .. 14 4.2 Lead wire solderless terminal .. 16 4.3 Wiring examples 16

5. Setup

6. Operation

6.1 Operation flowchart 6.2 Main setting mode SV .. 6.3 Sub setting mode Set value memory number selection AT (Auto-tuning) Perform/Cancel Proportional band ... Integral time Derivative time Open/Closed output dead band A1 value.. A3 value.. A4 value . LA (Loop break alarm) time. LA (Loop break alarm) span 6.4 Auxiliary function setting mode 1 Set value lock . SV high limit SV low limit . Sensor correction Remote/Local setting .. Instrument number .. Communication speed 6.5 Auxiliary function setting mode 2 Scaling high limit .. Scaling low limit Decimal point place.. PV filter time constant.. A3 type .. A4 type .. A1 hysteresis

.z

5.1 Taking the inner assembly out .. 18 5.2 Switch setting (multi-function) .. 18 5.3 Insertion of the internal assembly . 20

Sp
4

SE

AC

o. o.
22 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 25 25 25 25 25 26 26 27 27 27 27 27 28 28 28 28 28 29 29

3.2 External dimensions (FCD-15A) (Scale: mm). 3.3 Panel cutout (FCD-15A) (Scale: mm) . 3.4 External dimensions (FCR-15A) (Scale: mm). 3.5 Panel cutout (FCR-15A) (Scale: mm) .. 3.6 Mounting .

10 10 11 11 12

8 Running 9 Action explanations

9.1 Standard action .. 9.2 Open/Closed output dead band action 9.3 Pattern end action .. 9.4 Alarm 1 (A1), Alarm 3 (A3) and Alarm 4 (A4) action .

Sp
0 1 2 3 4 B C D E F O P Q 5 R S

8.1 When using the instrument as a Temperature controller . 37 8.2 When using the instrument as a Simplified program controller .. 38 39 39 40 41 43 44 45

10. Control actions

SE
Indication -1 Number, / Indication Alphabet Indication Alphabet N A

10.1 Fuzzy self-tuning .. 10.2 Explanations of PID . 10.3 PID auto-tuning of this controller 11. Other functions ..

.z
5 6 7 G H I T U V

32 32 33 34 34 35 35 35 7 Set value memory function (SM option) 36

A3 hysteresis ... A4 hysteresis .... A1 action delayed timer . A3 action delayed timer .. A4 action delayed timer .. External setting input high limit .. External setting input low limit .......... Transmission output . Transmission output high limit Transmission output low limit . Indication selection when control output is OFF . MV computation cycle ....................... SV rise rate SV fall rate . Overshoot suppression function selection 6.6 Open/Closed output time setting mode Open output time .. Closed output time 6.7 Program mode Fixed value control/Program control .. Steps 1 to 7 time 6.8 Auto/Manual control 6.9 Control output OFF function . 6.10 Open/Closed output MV, Remaining step time indication .

12. Specifications

AC

12.1 Standard specifications 12.2 Optional specifications . 13. Troubleshooting . 14. Character table

Characters used in this manual 8 9

o. o.
46
47 50 52 54 J K L M W X Y Z

29 29 29 29 29 29 30 30 30 30 30 30 31 31 31

1 Model
1.1 Model Standard specifications FC -1 5 Series D R Control action (OUT1) 5 Alarm Output Input A- R/ M FCD-15A: 96 x 96 x 110mm (W x H x D) FCR-15A: 48 x 96 x 110mm (W x H x D) ON/OFF servo *1 Alarm action *2 Relay contact output Multi-range input *3

A R M

*1: Fuzzy self-tuning PID and PID action are selectable by internal DIP switch. *2: 12 types of alarm and no alarm action are selectable by internal rotary switch and DIP switch. *3: 15 types of input (Thermocouple, RTD, DC Current and Voltage) are selectable by internal rotary switch and DIP switch. Alphanumeric characters to represent functions or types are entered in the (Example) Transmission output (DC voltage) Alarm 3, 4 output Multi-range input .

AC

Optional specifications Code Specifications SA Alarm 3 (A3), Alarm 4 (A4) output (only for FCD-15A) TA Transmission output: PV, SV, Open/Closed output MV TV TA: DC current (4 to 20mA DC) TV: DC voltage (0 to 1V DC) C5 C5: Serial communication (EIA RS-485) C C: Serial communication (EIA RS-232C) SM Set value memory number external selection EA EA: External setting; DC current (0 to 20mA DC, 4 to 20mA DC) EV EV: External setting; DC voltage (0 to 1V DC, 1 to 5V DC) LA Loop break alarm BK Color: Black BL Screw type mounting brackets (only for FCR-15A) IP Dust-proof/Drip-proof (IP54) TC Terminal cover (See page 50 for the options in detail.)

SE

Sp
6

Relay contact output

.z

F C D -1 5 A - R / M, SA , TV

o. o.

1.2 How to read the model label

Warning
Do not take the inner assembly out nor touch the terminals with the power supply ON. Touching the terminals with the power switched ON may result in severe injury or death due to Electric Shock.

(Model label) (1) (2) (3) FCD15AR/M SA, TV No.

(Example)

Relay contact output/Multi-range input Alarm 3 (A3), Alarm 4 (A4) output, Transmission output (voltage)

AC

SE
7

Sp

.z

(1): Model (2): Option codes (3): Serial number (Indicated only on inner assembly)

o. o.

Model labels are attached to the case and the left side of the inner assembly.

2 Name and functions of the sections


2.1 Name and displays [FCD-15A] (3) (2) (1)

(11) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17)

[FCR-15A] (1) (2) (3)

Sp
8

SE
(7) (8) (9) (10)

AC

.z
(4) (5) (6) (11) (14) (15) (16) (17)

o. o.

Keys Main functions are described below, however, the key has other functions in each mode. Refer to Section 6.1 Operation flowchart. Increase key: Increases the numeric value on the SV display during setting mode. If pressed continuously, it makes the numerical value change faster. Decrease key: Decreases the numeric value on the SV display during setting mode. If pressed continuously, it makes the numerical value change faster. Mode key: Selects a setting mode. OUT/OFF key: Turns the control output ON or OFF. Starts or stops the program control. Auto/Manual key: Switches Automatic or Manual control. Fast key: This makes the numerical value change faster by pressing the key and the (or ) key simultaneously. 9

AC

SE

(1) PV display Indicates the PV (process variable) with a red LED. (2) SV display Indicates the SV (desired value), Open/Closed output MV, TIME or set values (in the setting modes) with a green LED. (3) MEMO display Indicates the Set value memory number with a yellow LED. (4) SV indicator The green LED lights when the SV is displayed on the SV display. (5) MV indicator The red LED lights when the Open/Closed output MV is displayed on the SV display. (6) TIME indicator The yellow LED lights when Time is displayed on the SV display. (7) MANUAL control indicator The red LED lights for Manual control. (8) Control motor OPEN output ON indicator The green LED lights when the Control motor OPEN output is ON. (9) Control motor CLOSED output ON indicator The yellow LED lights when the Control motor CLOSED output is ON. (10) Serial communication indicator (Option) The green LED lights during serial communication (TX). (11) A1 indicator (including Pattern end output) The red LED lights when the Alarm 1 (A1) output or Pattern end output is ON. (12) A3 indicator (for FCD-15A) (Option) The red LED lights when the Alarm 3 (A3) output is ON. (13) A4 indicator (for FCD-15A) (Option) Then red LED lights when the Alarm 4 (A4) output is ON. (14) REMOTE indicator (Option) The red LED lights during Remote action. (15) SB (Sensor burnout) indicator The red LED lights when the Sensor is burnt out. (16) LA (Loop break alarm) indicator (Option) The red LED lights if any problems occur such as a Sensor burnout or Control motor trouble has been found on the loop. (17) AT (Auto-tuning) indicator The yellow LED flashes during auto-tuning.

Sp

.z

o. o.

3. Mounting to the control panel


3.1 Site selection This instrument is intended to be used under the following conditions (IEC61010-1): Overvoltage category , Pollution degree 2 Ensure the mounting location corresponds to the following conditions: (1) A minimum of dust, and an absence of corrosive gases (2) No flammable, explosive gases (3) No mechanical vibrations or shocks (4) No exposure to direct sunlight, an ambient temperature of 0 to 50 (32 to 122 ) that does not change rapidly, and without icing (5) An ambient non-condensing humidity of 35 to 85%RH (6) No large capacity electromagnetic switches or cables through which large current is flowing (7) No water, oil or chemicals or where the vapors of these substances can come into direct contact with the unit (8) Take note that the ambient temperature of this unit as well as the control panel must not exceed 50 (122 ) if mounted through the control panel. Otherwise the life of electronic components (especially electrolytic capacitor) may be shortened.

Sp SE
96 10 100 106 (for TC option)
(Fig. 3.2-1) 3.3 Panel cutout (FCD-15A) (Scale: mm) Lateral close mounting n: Number of units mounted
n x 96-3
+0.5 0

.z
92 +0.8 0
130

3.2 External dimensions (FCD-15A) (Scale: mm)

AC

(Fig. 3.3-1) 10

92

+0.8 0

106.2

91

o. o.

3.4 External dimensions (FCR-15A) (Scale: mm) One-touch type mounting brackets

48

10

100 106 (For TC option)

(Fig. 3.4-1) Screw type mounting brackets

.z
100 106 (For TC option)

Sp
10

AC

3.5 Panel cutout (FCR-15A) (Scale: mm) Lateral close mounting n: Number of units mounted

92 +0.8 0

SE

48

(Fig. 3.4-2)

130

n x 48-3 +0.5 0

(Fig. 3.5-1) 11

45 +0.5 0

92

+0.8 0

106.2 (For BL option)

96

91

o. o.

109

96

91

3.6 Mounting

Notice
As the case is made of resin, do not use excessive force while screwing in the mounting bracket. The torque should be approximately 0.12Nm. [FCD-15A] Insert the FCD-15A from the front of the panel. Slot the mounting bracket into the holes at the top and bottom of the case, and screw in place. Mounting panel thickness: 1 to 8mm UP

AC

[FCR-15A] Catch the mounting bracket 1 to the top and bottom of the instrument first. Then, insert the FCR-15A 2 from the front of the mounting panel. Mounting panel thickness: 1 to 3mm. When the Soft-type Front cover (FC-R) is used, mounting panel thickness is 1 to 2.5mm.

SE

Sp
(Fig. 3.6-1) UP (Fig. 3.6-2) 12

.z

o. o.

When using screw type mounting brackets (BL option)

Notice
As the case is made of resin, do not use excessive force while screwing in the mounting bracket. The torque should be approximately 0.12Nm. Insert the FCx-15A from the front of the panel. Slot the mounting bracket into the holes at the top and bottom of the case, and screw in place. Mounting panel thickness: 1 to 8mm

UP UP

AC

SE

Sp
(Fig. 3.6-3) 13

.z

o. o.

4. Wiring Warning
Turn the power supply to the instrument off before wiring or checking. Working or touching the terminal with the power switched on may result in severe injury or death due to Electric Shock. Moreover, the instrument must be grounded before the power supply to the instrument is turned on.

Caution

4.1 Terminal arrangement [FCD-15A]


Ground 1 2 +

Sp
+ 21 22 + 23 EA or EV 24 25 26 27 28 A4 A3 29 30 + 17 18 mA DC 19 + 18 31 TA or TV 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 R/L 19

The terminal block of this instrument is designed to be wired from the left side. The lead wire must be inserted from the left side of the terminal, and fastened with the terminal screw. Use a thermocouple and compensating lead wire according to the sensor input specifications of this controller. Use a 3-wire RTD according to the sensor input specifications of this controller. This controller has no built-in power switch or fuse. It is necessary to install them in the circuit near the external controller. (Recommended fuse: Time-lag fuse, rated voltage 250V AC, rated current 2A) For a 24V AC/DC of power source, do not confuse polarity when using a direct current (DC). When wiring, keep input wires (thermocouple, RTD, etc.) away from AC sources or load wires to avoid external interference. Use a thick wire (1.25 to 2.0mm 2) for grounding. Use an auxiliary electromagnetic switch between the FCx-15A and the control motor. Dotted lines show options. Option terminals are equipped only when they are added.

SE
3 4 COM 5 OPEN 6 A/M COM 8 9 10 A1/Pattern end

100 to 240V AC or 24V AC/DC

AC

Open output

Closed output CLOSE 7

.z
RS-232C [RS-485] 13 b0 14 b1 15 b2 16 COM 17 18 19 B 20 A B + 18 V DC 19

11 TX [YA(-)] 12 RX [YB(+)]

14

o. o.
SM RTD TC

(Fig. 4.1-1)

[FCR-15A]
1

Ground

+ EA or EV
RS-232C [RS-485]

11 TX [YA(-)] 12 RX [YB(+)] 13 b0 14 b1 SM 15 b2

2 + 100 to 240V AC or 3 24V AC/DC 4 COM Open output Closed output 5

OPEN 6 CLOSE 7 8 9

TA or TV

A1/Pattern end 10

.z
+ 18 V DC 19

+ 17

Sp
19

18 mA DC

AC

(Fig. 4.1-2) A1 : Alarm 1 (A1) output Pattern end: Pattern end output TA, TV : Transmission output EA, EV : External setting input R/L : Remote/Local setting (External operation input) (for FCD-15A) A/M : Auto/Manual control (External operation input) (for FCD-15A) A3 : Alarm 3 (A3) output (for FCD-15A) (option) A4 : Alarm 4 (A4) output (for FCD-15A) (option) RS-232C : Serial communication EIA RS-232C RS-485 : Serial communication EIA RS-485 SM : Set value memory external selection TC : Thermocouple input RTD : RTD input V DC : DC voltage input mA DC : DC current input

SE

15

o. o.
16 COM 17 18 A B 19 B 20 RTD + 18 TC 19

4.2 Lead wire solderless terminal Use a solderless terminal with an insulation sleeve in which an M3 screw fits as shown below. The torque should be approximately 0.63Nm.
Solderless terminal Y type Round type Manufacturer Nichifu Terminal Industries CO.,LTD. Japan Solderless Terminal MFG CO.,LTD. Nichifu Terminal Industries CO.,LTD. Japan Solderless Terminal MFG CO.,LTD.
5.8mm or less

Model TMEV1.25Y-3 VD1.25-B3A TMEV1.25-3 V1.25-3

Tightening torque 0.63Nm

5.8mm or less

3.2mm

3.2mm

(Fig. 4.2-1)

4.3 Wiring examples Wiring example of OPEN/CLOSED output COM


5 OPEN output 6 CLOSED output 7
Electromagnetic switch

.z
Control motor Valve

Power supply for motor drive

Sp
*
COM OPEN CLOSED

SE

AC

Electromagnetic switch

(Fig. 4.3-1)

* To prevent the unit from harmful effects of the unexpected level noise, it is recommended that a surge absorber be installed between the coils of the external relay.

16

o. o.
18 19

+
Input

Furnace

Wiring example of External operation input (Only for FCD-15A) Contact input R/L 25 A/M 26 27 COM (Fig 4.3-2) Remote/Local, Auto/Manual switching Setting item Remote setting Local setting Manual control Automatic control External operation 25 - 27 Closed 25 - 27 Open 26 - 27 Closed 26 - 27 Open Key operation Not required (invalid) See p.27. Not required (invalid) See p.35.

External operation has priority.

AC

SE

(Fig. 4.3-3)

Sp
17

.z

Wiring example of External setting (EA, EV), Transmission output (TA, TV) (only for FCR-15A)

o. o.

5. Setup
5.1 Taking the inner assembly out Before the power supply to this instrument is turned on, take the internal assembly out from the case by pushing the hook (bottom of the instrument) in the direction as shown by the arrow and by holding the latches.

(Fig. 5.1-1)

Control action Alarm 1 standby action / Input type

Sp
DIP switch

5.2 Switch setting (multi-function) Using a small flat-head screwdriver or tweezers, set the Input type, Alarm 1 type, Control action, Heating (reverse)/Cooling (direct) control action, Alarm 1 standby function, / and Program start Auto/Manual by the rotary switch and DIP switch as follows.

Program start Auto/Manual

AC

SE
(Fig. 5.2-1) 18

Heating/Cooling control action

.z
(Fig. 5.1-2)

Alarm 1 type Input type

o. o.
Rotary switch

/ Input type *1

6 7 8

Program start Auto/Manual *2

K, J, R, B, N, PL- , Pt100, JPt100 S, E, T, C, 4 to 20mA, 0 to 20mA, 0 to 1V Manual start Automatic start

Note: Switches No. 2 and 5 are not used. They will not function even if they are set to ON side.

Select the input type with the rotary switch (SW303) and DIP switch (SW304). Default: K (-200 to 1370 ) [ ]. (Table 5.2-2) Rotary SW303. No. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 DIP SW304 No. 7 OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON

Sp
Input type K J R B PLN Pt100 JPt100 S E T C (W/Re5-26) 4 to 20mA DC 0 to 20mA DC 0 to 1V DC Pt100 19

*1: Use the rotary switch (SW303) as well. *2: If Automatic start is selected, the unit proceeds to warm-up status for approx. 2 seconds after power-on, then program control starts automatically from step 1. If Manual start is selected, the unit proceeds to warm-up status for approx. 2 seconds after power-on, then proceeds to standby status. In this status, if the key is pressed, program control starts from step 1.

SE

AC

.z

Scale range -200 to 1370 -320 to 2500 -200 to 1000 -320 to 1800 0 to 1760 0 to 3200 0 to 1820 0 to 3300 0 to 1390 0 to 2500 0 to 1300 0 to 2300 -199.9 to 850.0 -199.9 to 999.9 -199.9 to 500.0 -199.9 to 900.0 0 to 1760 0 to 3200 0 to 1000 0 to 1800 -199.9 to 400.0 -199.9 to 750.0 0 to 2315 0 to 4200 -1999 to 9999 -1999 to 9999 -1999 to 9999 -200 to 850 -320 to 1560

o. o.

The following items can be selected by the DIP switch (SW304). Default value: All switches OFF [ ]. (Table 5.2-1) DIP SW304 Item Selection No. Fuzzy self-tuning PID action Control action 1 PID action Heating/Cooling Heating (reverse) control action 3 control action Cooling (direct) control action Alarm 1 (A1) Standby Disabled 4 standby action Standby Enabled

Status OFF ON OFF ON OFF ON OFF ON OFF ON OFF ON

Alarm type and the pattern end output can be selected by the rotary switch (SW302). When using the FCx-15A as a Simplified program controller, the Pattern end output can be selected instead of Alarm 1 (A1) type. Default value: No alarm action, [ ]. (Table 5.2-3) Rotary SW302 No. No alarm action 0 High limit alarm 1 Low limit alarm 2 High/Low limits alarm 3 High/Low limit range alarm 4 Process high alarm 5 Process low alarm 6 Pattern end output 7 Alarm 1 (A1) type

Caution

Do not confuse the top and bottom of the internal assembly. If inserting the assembly into the case forcibly in the wrong direction, the PCB may be damaged.

AC

SE
20

Sp

.z

5.3 Insertion of the internal assembly When the setup is completed, insert the internal assembly into the case. Surely insert the assembly until it is locked by the hook at the bottom of the instrument. (Click sound audible)

o. o.

Note before operating keys Pressing the key for approx. 1 second from any mode turns the control output OFF. Once the control output OFF function is enabled, the function cannot be released even if the power to the instrument is turned OFF and ON again. To cancel the function, press the key again for approx. 1 second. Pressing the key registers the set value and proceeds to the next setting item. If the key is pressed for approx. 3 seconds from any mode, the unit reverts to the PV/SV display mode. Turn the Power ON The PV display indicates the input type, and the SV display indicates input range high limit value selected during Input type selection for approx. 2 seconds after the power is turned on. See (Table 6.1-1) below. During this time, all outputs and LED indicators are in OFF status. Control will then start indicating the PV (process variable) on the PV display and SV (desired value) on the SV display.

Input K J R B PLN S E T C Pt100 JPt100 4 to 20mA DC 0 to 20mA DC 0 to 1V DC

PV display

SV display

.z
PV display

(Table 6.1-1)

SE

Sp
Scaling high limit value Scaling high limit value 21

AC

o. o.
SV display

6. Operation
6.1 Operation flowchart
(Approx.1sec)

Control output OFF function

PV/SV display 3sec

Manual control Open/Closed Output MV indication

Warm-up status lasts 2sec after power-on. *1: Remaining step time can be indicated during program control. *2: If AT is performed, the unit reverts to the PV/SV display mode. If AT is cancelled, the unit proceeds to the Proportional band setting. Remaining step time indication *1

AT Perform/Cancel [ ] *2 Proportional band [ ] Integral time [ ] Derivative time [ ] Open/Closed output dead band [ ] A1 value [ ] A3 value [ ] A4 value [ ] Loop break alarm time [ ] Loop break alarm span [ ]

Sp .
Setting items with dotted lines are optional, and they appear only when the options are added. Alarm 3 (A3) and 4(A4) setting items are available for the FCD-15A.

AC

SE

: This means that if the key is pressed, the unit proceeds to the next setting item mode.

22

o. o
SV high limit [ ] SV low limit [ ] Sensor correction [ ] Remote/Local [ ] Instrument number [ ] Communication speed [ ]

[Main setting mode] SV [ ]

+ [Sub setting mode] Set value memory number [ ]

+ 3sec [Auxiliary function setting mode 1] Set value lock [ ]

*3: If the + + + + +

(Fixed value control) is selected during Fixed value control/Program control selection and key is pressed, the controller reverts to the PV/SV display mode. : Press the key while holding down the key. 3sec: Press the key for approx. 3 seconds while holding down the + 3sec: Press the key for approx. 3sec while holding down the + 3sec: Press the key for approx. 3sec while holding down the 3sec: Pressing the key, press the key for approx. 3 seconds. key. and and

keys. keys.

Transmission output ] high limit [ Transmission output ] low limit [


Indication selection when control output is off ] [

Scaling low limit [ ] Decimal point place [ ] PV filter time constant [ ] A3 type [ ] A4 type [ ] A1 hysteresis [ ] A3 hysteresis [ ] A4 hysteresis [ ]

Closed output time [ ]

MV computation cycle [ ] SV rise rate [ ] SV fall rate [ ]

z
23

Sp .

A1 action delayed timer [ ] A3 action delayed timer [ ] A4 action delayed timer [ ]

AC

External setting input high limit [ ] External setting input low limit [ ] Transmission output [ ]

SE

o. o
Fixed value control/ Program control [ ] *3 Step 1 time [ ] Step 2 time [ ] Step 3 time [ ] Step 4 time ] [ Step 5 time [ ] Step 6 time [ ] Step 7 time [ ]

+ + [Auxiliary function setting mode 2] Scaling high limit [ ]

3sec

+ + [Open/Closed output setting mode] Open output time [ ]

+ 3sec [Program mode]

3sec

6.3 Sub setting mode In the PV/SV display mode, if the key is pressed while holding down the key, the unit proceeds to the Sub setting mode. The set value can be increased or decreased normally by pressing the , and faster with the key. Pressing the key registers the set value, and proceeds to the next setting item. [ ] Set value memory number Selects the memory number to be set or to be retrieved. Selection range: 1 to 7 Default: Memory number 1 [ ] AT (Auto-tuning) Perform/Cancel Sets AT (Auto-tuning) Perform or Cancel. If AT Perform is selected and the key is pressed, the controller reverts to the PV/SV display mode. Selection item: : AT Cancel : AT Perform Default: AT Cancel [Auto-tuning] Refer to Section 10.3. During auto-tuning, none of the settings can be performed. If the auto-tuning is cancelled during the process, P, I, D values revert to their previous value. [ ] Proportional band Sets the proportional band. Setting range: 0.1 to 999.9% Default: 2.5% [ ] Integral time Sets the integral time. Setting range: 1 to 3600 seconds Default: 200 seconds [ ] Derivative time Sets the derivative time. Setting the value to 0 disables the function. (PI action) Setting range: 0 to 3600seconds Default: 50 seconds [ ] Open/Closed output dead band Sets the dead band value of the Open output and Closed output Setting range: 0.1 to 100.0% of the proportional band Default: 3.0%

AC

SE

Sp
24

.z

o. o.

6.2 Main setting mode In the PV/SV display mode, if the key is pressed, the mode proceeds to the Main setting mode. The SV can be increased or decreased normally by pressing the , , and key. faster with the If the key is pressed, the SV will be registered and the controller will revert to the PV/SV display mode. [ ] SV Sets SV. Setting range: SV low limit to SV high limit Default: 0

AC

SE

[ ] A1 value Sets Alarm 1 (A1) value. Setting the value to 0 or 0.0 disables the function. (Excluding process high alarm and process low alarm) Not available if Rotary switch (SW302) is set to No.0 or No.7. Setting range: Refer to (Table 6.3-1). Default: 0 [ ] A3 value (for FCD-15A) Sets Alarm 3 (A3) value. Setting the value to 0 or 0.0 disables the function. (Excluding process high alarm and process low alarm) Not available if Alarm 3 (SA option) is not added or if [ ] is selected during Alarm 3 (A3) type selection. Setting range: Refer to (Table 6.3-1). Default: 0 [ ] A4 value (for FCD-15A) Sets Alarm 4 (A4) value. Setting the value to 0 or 0.0 disables the function. (Excluding process high alarm and process low alarm) Not available if Alarm 4 (SA option) is not added or if [ ] is selected during Alarm 4 (A4) type selection. Setting range: Refer to (Table 6.3-1). Default: 0 [ ] LA (Loop break alarm) time Sets the time to assess the Loop break alarm. Available only when Loop break alarm (LA option) is added Setting range: 0 to 200 minutes Default: 0 minutes [ ] LA (Loop break alarm) span Sets the span to assess the Loop break alarm. Available only when Loop break alarm (LA option) is added Setting range: Thermocouple except T: 0 to 100 T input, RTD input: 0.0 to 100.0 DC input: 0 to 1000 (The placement of the decimal point follows the selection.) Default: 0

[Setting range of A1, A3 and A4] (including standby function) (Table 6.3-1) Alarm type Setting range High limit alarm Input span to Input span *1 Low limit alarm Input span to Input span *1 High/Low limits alarm 0 to Input span *1 High/Low limit range alarm 0 to Input span *1 Process high alarm Input range low limit to Input range high limit *2 Process low alarm Input range low limit to Input range high limit *2 When input has a decimal point, the negative low limit value is -199.9. For DC input, the negative low limit value is 1999. (The placement of the decimal point follows the selection.) *1: For DC input, the Input span is the same as the scaling span. *2: For DC input, Input range low (or high) limit value is the same as the Scaling low (or high) limit value. 25

Sp

.z

o. o.

6.4 Auxiliary function setting mode 1 In the PV/SV display mode, if the key is pressed for approx. 3 seconds while holding down the key, the unit proceeds to Auxiliary function setting mode 1. The set value can be increased or decreased normally by pressing the , , and faster with the key. key registers the set value, and proceeds to the next setting item. Pressing the [ ] Set value lock Locks the set value to prevent setting errors. The setting item to be locked differs depending on the selection. When selecting Lock, set the necessary items in the status Unlock, then select Lock 1, Lock 2 or Lock 3. Fuzzy self-tuning PID or Auto-tuning (AT) will not function if Lock 1 or Lock 2 is selected. [About Lock 3] When using the unit as a Fixed value controller The set values of the selected Set value memory number can be changed temporarily. However, if the memory number is changed, the changed values of the previous number are cancelled. (Returns to the values before setting.) When using the unit as a Program controller The set values of the currently performing step number can temporarily be changed. However, if the step number is changed, the changed set values are cancelled. (Returns to the values before setting.) Set value change during running standby status will be invalidated. (Running starts at the values memorized in the memory.) Be sure to select Lock 3 when changing the set value frequently via communication function considering the life of non-volatile memory. Selection item: (Unlock): All set values can be changed. (Lock 1): None of the set values can be changed. (Lock 2): Only SV can be changed. (Lock 3): All set values can be changed temporarily. However, changed values revert to their previous value after the power is turned off because they are not saved in the non-volatile memory. This function is suitable when changing value temporarily. Since this function has no relation to the memory life, it is well suited when changing set values frequently using Shinko programmable controller (PC-900, PCD-33A with SVTC option). Do not change any setting item in Auxiliary function setting mode 2. If any item in the mode is changed, it will affect other setting items such as the SV and Alarm value. Default: Unlock [ ] SV high limit Sets SV high limit value. Setting range: SV low limit to Input range high limit value (For DC input, the placement of the decimal point follows the selection.) DC input: SV low limit to Scaling high limit value Default: 400

AC

SE

Sp
26

.z

o. o.

[ ] SV low limit Sets SV low limit value. Setting range: Input range low limit value to SV high limit (The placement of the decimal point follows the selection.) For DC input: Scaling low limit to SV high limit (The placement of the decimal point follows the selection.) Default: 0 [ ] Sensor correction Sets the sensor correction value. Setting range: 100.0 to 100.0 ( ) Default: 0.0 Sensor correction function This corrects the input value from the sensor. When a sensor cannot be set at the exact location where control is desired, the sensor measured temperature may deviate from the temperature in the controlled location. When controlling with plural controllers, sometimes the measured temperatures (input value) do not concur due to differences in sensor accuracy or dispersion of load capacities. In such a case, the control can be set at the desired temperature by adjusting the input value of sensors. However, it is effective within the input rated range regardless of the sensor correction value. PV after sensor correction= Current PV+ (Sensor correction value) [ ] Remote/Local SV can be set with either Remote or Local method. Available only when External setting (EA, EV option) is added. Selection item: (Local setting) : The SV can be set by the front keypad operation. (Remote setting) : The SV can be set in analog by the remote operation externally. Default: Local setting [ ] Instrument number Sets the instrument number of this unit. (The instrument number should be set individually when communicating by connecting plural instruments in serial communication. Otherwise communication is impossible.) Available only when the Serial communication (C, C5 option) is applied Setting range: 0 to 95 Default: 0 [ ] Communication speed Selects the communication speed of this instrument. (The communication speed of this instrument must be equal to that of the host computer, otherwise communication is impossible.) Available only when the Serial communication (C, C5 option) is applied Selection item: (2400bps) (4800bps) (9600bps) (19200bps) Default: 9600bps

AC

SE

Sp
27

.z

o. o.

6.5 Auxiliary function setting mode 2 In the PV/SV display mode, if the key is pressed for approx. 3 seconds while holding down the and keys, the unit proceeds to Auxiliary function setting mode 2. The set value can be increased or decreased normally by pressing the , , and faster with the key. Pressing the key registers the set value, and proceeds to the next setting item. [ ] Scaling high limit Sets scaling high limit value. Not available if thermocouple or RTD is selected during Input type selection. Setting range: Scaling low limit value to Input range high limit value Default: 9999 [ ] Scaling low limit Sets scaling low limit value. Not available if thermocouple or RTD is selected during Input type selection. Setting range: Input range low limit value to scaling high limit value Default: 1999 [ ] Decimal point place Selects the decimal point place. Not available if thermocouple or RTD is selected during Input type selection Selection item: (No decimal point) (1 digit after the decimal point) (2 digits after the decimal point) (3 digits after the decimal point) Default: No decimal point [ ] PV filter time constant Sets PV filter time constant. When PV fluctuates due to disturbance, find a value which does not fluctuate by gradually increasing the value. However, if the value is set too large, it affects control result due to the delay of response. Setting range: 0.0 to 10.0 seconds Default: 0.0 seconds [ ] A3 type (for FCD-15A) Selects the Alarm 3 (A3) type. Available only when Alarm 3 (SA option) is added Default: No alarm action Selection item : No alarm action : High limit alarm : High limit alarm with standby : Low limit alarm : Low limit alarm with standby : High/Low limits alarm : High/Low limits alarm with standby : High/Low limit range alarm : High/Low limit range alarm with standby : Process high alarm : Process high alarm with standby : Process low alarm : Process low alarm with standby

AC

SE

Sp
28

.z

o. o.

] A4 type (for FCD-15A) [ Selects the Alarm 4 (A4) type. Available only when Alarm 4 (SA option) is added Selection items are the same as those of Alarm 3 (A3) type selection. Default: No alarm action [ ] A1 hysteresis Sets Alarm 1 (A1) hysteresis. Not available if Rotary switch (SW302) is set to No.0 or No.7 during A1 type selection. Setting range: Thermocouple, RTD input: 0.1 to 100.0 DC input: 1 to 1000 (The placement of the decimal point follows the selection.) Default: 1.0 [ ] A3 hysteresis (for FCD-15A) Sets Alarm 3 (A3) hysteresis. Not available if Alarm 3 (SA option) is not added, or if [ ] is selected during Alarm 3 type selection even if SA option is added Setting range and default value are the same as those of A1 hysteresis setting. [ ] A4 hysteresis (for FCD-15A) Sets Alarm 4 (A4) hysteresis. Not available if Alarm 4 (SA option) is not added, or if [ ] is selected during Alarm 4 type selection even if SA option is added Setting range and default value are the same as those of A1 hysteresis setting. [ ] A1 action delayed timer setting Sets A1 action delayed timer. When setting time has elapsed after the input enters the alarm output range, the alarm is activated. Not available if the Rotary switch (SW302) is set to No.0 or No.7 during A1 type selection. Setting range: 0 to 9999 seconds Default: 0 seconds [ ] A3 action delayed timer (for FCD-15A) Sets A3 action delayed timer. When setting time has elapsed after the input enters the alarm output range, the alarm is activated. Not available if Alarm 3 (SA option) is not applied, or if [ ] is selected during Alarm 3 type selection even if SA option is added Setting range and default value are the same as those of A1 action delayed timer setting. [ ] A4 action delayed timer (for FCD-15A) Sets A4 action delayed timer. When setting time has elapsed after the input enters the alarm output range, the alarm is activated. Not available if Alarm 4 (SA option) is not applied, or if [ ] is selected during Alarm 4 type selection even if SA option is added Setting range and default value are the same as those of A1 action delayed timer setting. [ ] External setting input high limit Sets the high limit value for external setting input. For EA option (4 to 20mA), the value corresponds to 20mA input. Available only when External setting (EA or EV option) is added Setting range: External setting input low limit value to Input range high limit value Default: 400

AC

SE

Sp
29

.z

o. o.

[ ] External setting input low limit Sets the low limit value for external setting input. For EA option (4 to 20mA), the value corresponds to 4mA input. Available only when External setting (EA or EV option) is added Setting range: Input range low limit value to External setting input high limit value Default: 0 [ ] Transmission output Selects the Transmission output type. Available only when Transmission output (TA or TV option) is added Selection item: : PV (process variable) transmission : SV (desired value) transmission : Open/Closed output MV (manipulated variable) transmission Default: PV transmission [ ] Transmission output high limit Sets the Transmission output high limit value. For TA option, the value correponds to 20mA output. Available only when Transmission output (TA or TV option) is added Transmission output during control standby: PV transmission: PV SV transmission: 0 Open/Closed output MV transmission: 0 Setting range: Transmission output low limit value to Input range high limit value Default: 400 [ ] Transmission output low limit Sets the Transmission output low limit value. For TA option, the value correponds to 4mA output. Available only when Transmission output (TA or TV option) is applied Transmission output during control standby: PV transmission: PV SV transmission: 0 Open/Closed output MV transmission: 0 Setting range: Input range low limit value to Transmission output high limit value Default: 0 [ ] Indication selection when control output is OFF Selects the indication when control output is off. Selection item: : OFF is indicated on the PV display. : No indication (all unlit) : Only PV is indicated. Default: [ ] MV computation cycle Sets MV computation cycle for Open/Closed output. Setting range: 1 to 120sec Default: 3sec

AC

SE

Sp
30

.z

o. o.

AC

SE
31

Sp

.z

o. o.

[ ] SV rise rate Sets the SV rise rate (Rising value per minute). Setting the value to 0 or 0.0 disables the function. Setting range: Thermocouple except T, RTD without a decimal point : 0 to 9999 /min ( /min) Thermocouple T, RTD with a decimal point : 0.0 to 999.9 /min ( /min) DC input: 0 to 9999 (The placement of the decimal point follows the selection.) Default: 0 /minute ( /min) [ ] SV fall rate Sets the SV fall rate (Falling value per minute). Setting the value to 0 or 0.0 disables the function. Setting range and default value are the same as those of SV rise rate setting.

6.6 Open/Closed output time setting mode In the PV/SV display mode, if the key is pressed for approx. 3 seconds while holding down the and keys, the unit proceeds to Open/Closed output time setting mode. The set value can be increased or decreased normally by pressing the , and faster with the key. key registers the set value, and proceeds to the next setting item. Pressing the [ ] Open output time Sets time from the valve fully closed to the valve fully open. Setting range: 0.1 to 999.9sec Default: 30.0sec Automatic measuring method and (1) Check that the valve is at the fully closed position, and press the keys simultaneously. Time count starts from 0 seconds to measure open output time. Control motor OPEN output will turn ON after count starts, and makes the valve open. (2) Press the key when the valve is fully open. Time count stops, open output time is registered, and the control motor OPEN output turns OFF. [ ] Closed output time setting Sets time from the valve fully open to the valve fully closed. Setting range: 0.1 to 999.9sec Default: 30.0sec Automatic measuring method (1) Check that the valve is at the fully open position, and press the and keys simultaneously. Time count starts from 0 seconds to measure the closed output time. Control motor CLOSED output will turn ON after count starts, and makes the valve closed. (2) Press the key when the valve is fully closed. Time count stops, closed output time is registered, and the control motor CLOSED output turns OFF.

AC

SE

Sp
32

.z

o. o.

1000

AC

SE

Sp
500 0 33

Program Example Step number (Set value memory number) SV Proportional band Integral time Derivative time Open/Closed dead band Alarm 1 value Alarm 3 value Alarm 4 value Step time

500 500 1000 1000 200 200 100 2.0 1.8 2.0 1.8 2.5 1.8 2.0 180 80 180 80 200 80 200 30 20 30 20 50 20 50 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 2 5 2 5 10 0 5 2 5 2 5 10 0 5 2 5 2 5 10 0 5 00:30 01:00 00:40 01:00 02:00 00:30 01:00

.z

o. o.
5 6 7

6.7 Program mode In PV/SV display mode, if the key is pressed for approximately 3 seconds while holding down the key, the unit enters Program mode. , The set value can be increased or decreased normally by pressing the and faster with the key. Pressing the key registers the set value, and proceeds to the next setting item. Each value of Set value memory numbers (1 to 7) set during the Fixed value control are assigned to the value for Steps 1 to 7. For example, values of Set value memory number 1 become Step 1 values, and values of Set value memory number 2 become Step 2 values. If the Pattern end output is selected and program control is performed, the Pattern end output is turned on when the program is completed. If the key is pressed while the Pattern end output is on, the Pattern end output is turned off. If the key is pressed again, the program will be performed. Set the step time to 00.00 for the unnecessary steps.

If (program control) is selected during Fixed value control/Program control selection mode and the key is pressed, Steps 1 to 7 time can be set. Steps 1 to 7 time setting (indicated only during program control) [ ] Step 1 time Sets Step 1 time. (Available only for program control) 00.00 Minute Hour

AC

SE
[

(e.g.) When setting 1 hour 58 minutes, set as [ ]. Setting range: 00.00 to 99.59 Default: 00.00 [ ] Step 2 time Sets Step 2 time. (Available only for program control) Setting range and default value are the same as those of Step 1 time setting. ] Step 3 time [ Sets Step 3 time. (Available only for program control) Setting range and default value are the same as those of Step 1 time setting. [ ] Step 4 time Sets Step 4 time. (Available only for program control) Setting range and default value are the same as those of Step 1 time setting. ] Step 5 time Sets Step 5 time. (Available only for program control) Setting range and default value are the same as those of Step 1 time setting. [ ] Step 6 time Sets Step 6 time. (Available only for program control) Setting range and default value are the same as those of Step 1 time setting. [ ] Step 7 time Sets Step 7 time. (Available only for program control) Setting range and default value are the same as those of Step 1 time setting.

Sp
34

.z

o. o.

[ ] Fixed value control/Program control Selects fixed value control or program control. key is pressed in the fixed value control, the controller reverts to the If the PV/SV display mode. (If the controller is not set to program control mode, Step time setting (from Step 1 time) is impossible. (Fixed value control) Selection item: (Program control) Default: Fixed value control

6.8 Auto/Manual control Manually output MV (manipulated variable) can be changed. As the proportional action, the MV is automatically outputted in proportion to the deviation. This is an automoatic control. As compared with the above, in the manual control, the value set by front keypad can be outputted regardless of the deviation. The balance/bumpless function is provided to prevent rapid output change when the control mode is changed from Automatic to Manual and vice versa. key is pressed, the control changes from Automatic to Manual Each time the and vice versa. Manual control MV 0.0% : Valve fully Closed MV 100.0% : Valve fully Open For the MV (0.1 to 99.9%) other than 0.0% and 100.0%, Open output ON time and Closed output ON time will be determined by the relation between the MV at the given time and set values (Open/Closed output dead band, MV computation cycle, Open output time, Closed output time, etc.). Setting range: 0.0 to 100.0%

6.10 Open/Closed output MV, Remaining step time indication In the PV/SV display mode, press the key for approx. 3 seconds. Keep pressing the key until the Open/Closed output MV appears, though the main setting mode appears temporarily during the process. The MV indicator lights, and the SV display indicates Open/Closed output MV. In the fixed value control, when the to the PV/SV display. key is pressed again, the mode reverts

AC

SE

6.9 Control output OFF function A function to pause the control action or turn the control output of the unused instrument of the plural units OFF even if the power to the instrument is supplied. is indicated on the PV display while the function is working. Pressing the key for approx. 1 second from any mode enables the control output OFF function. PV display indicates , No indication or PV previously selected during Indication selection when control output is OFF mode. To cancel the function, press the key again for approx. 1 second. Once the control output OFF function is enabled, the function cannot be released even if the power to the instrument is turned OFF and ON again. To cancel the function, press the key again for approx. 1 second. key becomes the Program Start/Stop key, so During program control, the the control output OFF function is disabled.

In the program control, if the key is pressed while an output MV(manipulated variable) is indicated, the unit changes to the Remaining step time indication mode. The TIME indicator lights, and the SV display indicates remaining step time. If the key is pressed again, the mode reverts to the PV/SV display mode.

Sp
35

.z

o. o.

7. Set value memory function (SM option)


If the SM option is applied, Set value memory number can be selected externally. A maximum of 7 files with 8 pieces of data (6 pieces for FCR-15A) can be memorized. Control can be performed with the desired file. In one file, 8 kinds of set value (SV, PID values, Open/Closed output dead band, A1, A3, A4 value) are included. (A3, A4 values are applicable only to the FCD-15A.) To select the set value memory number, connect terminals 13 to 16 as shown below. Up to 50 units can be connected in parallel.

When selecting the memory number by front keypad, all terminals (b0, b1, b2 and COM) should be open. Set value memory number cannot be changed during setting mode or AT (auto-tuning). Operation procedures (1) In the PV/SV display mode, select a set value memory number by connecting terminals. (2) In the setting mode, set each value: SV, PID values, Open/Closed output dead band, A1, A3, A4 values (3) After setting, press the key to revert to the PV/SV display mode. Registration Each set value is registered in the file, the number of which is indicated on the MEMO display. When any number is retrieved by connecting terminals, the selected number is indicated, and control is performed using the data (set values) of the indicated file number. To change set values, repeat the Operation procedures above.

AC

SE

Sp
36

.z

Terminal connection for Set value memory number Set value memory No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Connecting terminals 13 - 16 (b0-COM) O O O 14 - 16 (b1-COM) O O O 15 - 16 (b2-COM) O O O : Closed O : Open If the Set value memory number is selected externally, the number cannot be selected by front keypad.

o. o.

8. Running
After the unit is mounted to the control panel and wiring is completed, operate the unit following the procedures below. 8.1 When using the instrument as a Temperature controller (1) Turn the power supply to the instrument ON. For approx. 2sec after power-on, the input type and temperature unit selected during the Input type selection are indicated on PV display, and the input range high limit value is indicated on the SV display. See (Table 8.1-1). During this time, all outputs and LED indicators are in OFF status. After that, the instrument enters the PV/SV display mode. While the Control output OFF function is working, the item selected during Indication selection when control output is OFF is displayed on the PV display. (Table 8.1-1) Input K J R B PLN S E T C(W/Re5-26) Pt100 JPt100 PV display SV display

PV display

SE
4 to 20mA DC 0 to 20mA DC 0 to 1V DC

Sp
Scaling high limit value Scaling high limit value 37

AC

(2) Input the set value, referring to Chapter 6. Operation. When controlling with Fuzzy self-tuning PID action, select Perform during Auto-tuning Perform/Cancel to start control in optimum conditions. (3) Turn the load circuit power ON. Control action starts so as to keep the control target at the SV (desired value).

.z

o. o.
SV display

8.2 When using the instrument as a Simplified program controller (1) Turn the power supply to the instrument ON. For approx. 2sec after power-ON, input characters and temperature unit selected during Input type selection are indicated on PV display, and the input range high limit value is indicated on the SV display (Table 8.1-1). During this time, all outputs and LED indicators are in OFF status. After that, the instrument enters PV/SV display mode. While Control output OFF function is working, the item selected during Indication selection when control output is OFF is displayed on the PV display. (2) Input SV and step time, referring to Chapter 6. Operation. The PV display indicates actual temperature and the unit enters standby status. (3) Turn the load circuit power ON.

(4) Program control start If the Automatic start is selected during Program start Auto/Manual selection, the unit proceeds to warm-up status for approx. 2 seconds after power-on, then program control starts automatically from step 1.

If Manual start is selected during Program start Auto/Manual selection, the unit proceeds to warm-up status for approx. 2 seconds after power-on, then proceeds key is pressed, program control starts to standby status. In this status, if the from step 1.

To make the step time progress faster. The step time progress becomes 60 times faster than usual while the is being pressed.

Sp
38

While program control is performing, Step number change (Set value memory number) is invalidated. key

PV/SV display, Open/Closed output MV, Remaining step time indication In the PV/SV display, if the key is pressed for approximately 3 seconds, the unit indicates Open/Closed output MV (manipulated variable), and if the key is pressed again, remaining step time will be indicated. Instrument status when power is restored. When power is restored during program control, the instrument resumes the program continuously. The PV display flashes until the step at which the power failure occurred is finished.

AC

SE

To end the program control in process. The program control ends if the key is pressed for approx. 1 second or longer.

.z

o. o.

9. Action explanations
9.1 Standard action
Heating (reverse) action Proportional band Control action ON OFF SV 5 Open output 5 6 Closed output 5 7 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 Cooling (direct) action Proportional band ON

Cycle action is performed according to deviation.


Indicator Open output Green Indicator Closed output Yellow

Sp
Unlit Lit

.z
Unlit Lit

Cycle action is performed according to deviation.

Lit

Unlit

9.2 Open/Closed output dead band action


Heating (reverse) action Dead band Cooling (direct) action Dead band ON OFF SV Dead band ON ON OFF OFF SV SV SV Dead band

AC

SE

Open output

ON

OFF

Closed output

39

o. o.
SV 5 6 5 6 7 7 Lit Unlit

OFF

9.3 Pattern end action

ON
Pattern end action

OFF
Time (Program control ends.) 9 9 Pattern end output is cancelled by pressing the OUT key. OFF 9

Pattern end output


10 10

10

Pattern end output is turned ON after program control ends, and it is key is pressed. not cancelled until the

AC

SE
40

Sp

.z

Indicator Red (A1)

Unlit

Lit

o. o.
Unlit

9.4 Alarm 1 (A1), Alarm 3 (A3) and Alarm 4 (A4) action


High limit alarm
A1 hysteresis ON ON

Low limit alarm


A1 hysteresis

Alarm action
OFF -A1 value SV +A1 value OFF -A1 value SV +A1 value

Alarm output

+side - side

+side - side

High/ Low limits alarm


A1 hysteresis ON ON

High/Low limit range alarm

OFF A1 value SV

A1 value

.z
OFF ON OFF ON OFF -A1 value

Alarm action

Alarm output Process high alarm


A1 hysteresis

Sp
A1 value A1 hysteresis SV +A1 value

ON

Alarm action
OFF

SE

Alarm output

High limit alarm with standby

Low limit alarm with standby


A1 hysteresis

AC

ON

Alarm action

OFF -A1 value

Alarm output

+side - side

+side - side

41

o. o.
A1 hysteresis A1 value SV A1 value

Process low alarm


A1 hysteresis

A1 value

SV

+A1 value

High/Low limits alarm with standby


A1 hysteresis ON ON

High/Low limit range with standby


A1 hysteresis

Alarm action
OFF A1 value SV A1 value OFF A1 value SV A1 value

Process high alarm with standby


A1 hysteresis ON ON

Process low alarm with standby


A1 hysteresis

Alarm action
OFF A1 value OFF

Alarm output

: A1 output terminals 9 and 10 are connected.

: A1 output terminals 9 and 10 are disconnected. : Standby functions.

For A3 (A4) output, read A3 (A4) for A1.

A1, A3 and A4 indicators light when their output terminals are connected, and go off when their output terminals are disconnected. (A3 and A4 are applicable to the FCD-15A.)

AC

SE

For A3 output, use terminals 29 and 30. For A4 output, use terminals 28 and 30.

Sp
42

: A1 output terminals 9 and 10 are connected or disconnected.

.z

o. o.
A1 value

Alarm output

10. Control actions


10.1 Fuzzy self-tuning Fuzzy self-tuning is a function to perform a fine adjustment of PID values automatically. The stable control can be carried out even if the conditions of the production process are changed due to things like variation and variability. If Lock 1 or Lock 2 is selected, Fuzzy self-tuning or Auto-tuning does not work. In the control system in which load fluctuation periodically occurs, the Fuzzy self-tuning may malfunction. In such cases, use the controller with the PID auto-tuning mode. (1) When the control initiates, the unit performs this function by the PID values previously adjusted. (2) When the control result is disordered by disturbance or a change in the process, the controller checks the converging status, and performs a fine adjustment of PID values if necessary. (a) If the convergence is performed smoothly, the PID values are not changed. (b) If the convergent speed is slow, the controller corrects the PID values to accelerate the convergence. (c) When overshoot is generated during the convergence, the controller changes the PID values to correct this. (d) When hunting occurs, the controller checks its waveform and performs a fine adjustment of PID values. The instrument is always in self-tuning status, and when deviation occurs, the tuning starts. Even in Fuzzy self-tuning status, when very large hunting occurs and the control is not stabilized, auto-tuning starts automatically. When the auto-tuning Perform is selected by the keypad, auto-tuning initiates. When the control is stabilized, the auto-tuning is released and the controller returns to self-tuning status. The controller can be used without Fuzzy self-tuning by selecting the internal switch. When using the controller without Fuzzy self-tuning, perform the PID auto-tuning or set the proper PID values by key operation.

AC

SE

Sp
43

.z

o. o.

AC

SE
44

Sp

(3) Derivative time (D) Derivative action is used to restore the change in the PV (process variable) according to the rate of change. It reduces the amplitude of overshoot and undershoot width. If derivative time is shortened, restoring value becomes small, and if derivative time is extended, an excessive returning phenomenon may occur and the control system may oscillate.

.z

(2) Integral time (I) Integral action is used to eliminate offset. When the integral time is shortened, the returning speed to the setting point is accelerated. However, the cycle of oscillation is also accelerated and the control becomes unstable.

o. o.

10.2 Explanations of PID (1) Proportional band (P) Proportional action is the action which the control output varies in proportion to the deviation between the SV (desired value) and the PV (process variable). If the proportional band is narrowed, even if the output changes by a slight variation of the PV (process variable), better control results can be obtained as the offset decreases. However, if the proportional band is narrowed too much, even slight disturbances may cause variation in the PV (process variable), control action changes to ON/OFF action and the so-called hunting phenomenon occurs. Therefore, when the PV (process variable) comes to the balanced position near the SV and a constant temperature is maintained, the most suitable value is selected by gradually narrowing the proportional band while observing the control results.

10.3 PID auto-tuning of this controller In order to set each value of P, I, D and ARW automatically, the auto-tuning process should be made to fluctuate to obtain an optimal value. Sometimes the auto-tuning process will not fluctuate if auto-tuning is performed at or near room temperature. Therefore auto-tuning might not finish normally. (A) In the case of large difference between the SV and PV (process variable) as the temperature is rising. The AT process will fluctuate at a temperature of 1.5% input span lower than the SV.

SV (4)

Temperature

AT starting point (1) (2)

Time (3)

.z
Time (2) (3)
Time (2) (3)

(B) When the control is stable or when control temperature is within 1.5% of input span of the SV The AT process will fluctuate around the SV. (1) Calculating PID constant SV (2) PID constant calculated (3) Controlled by the Temperature PID constant set by auto-tuning.

SE
(4) SV

AT starting point (1)

Sp
(1)

(C) In the case of a large difference between the SV and PV (process variable) as the temperature is falling The AT process will fluctuate at a temperature of 1.5% input span higher than the SV. 1.5% of input span higher than the SV (1) Calculating PID constant (2) PID constant calculated (3) Controlled by the PID constant set by auto-tuning. (4) 1.5% of input span (Fig. 10.3-3)

AC

Temperature

AT starting point

45

o. o.
(1) Calculating PID constant (2) PID constant calculated (3) Controlled by the PID constant set by auto-tuning. (4) 1.5% of input span (Fig. 10.3-1) (Fig. 10.3-2)

1.5% of input span lower than the SV

11. Other functions


(1) Burnout Overscale When the thermocouple or RTD is burnt out, or if the input value exceeds [Input range high limit value +1% of input span], Open output is turned OFF (Closed output ON), and the PV display flashes . With the RTD Pt100 ( ) (with a decimal point), if the input value exceeds 999.9, the PV , however, the control will perform to [Input range high limit display flashes value +1% of input span]. For DC input, if the input value exceeds [Scaling high limit value+10% of the scaling span], . Open output is turned OFF (Closed output ON), and the PV display flashes If the input exceeds 9999, the PV display flashes , however, the control performs to [scaling high limit value +10% of scaling span]. Underscale When the input value drops below [Input range low limit value -1% of input span], Open output is turned OFF (Closed output ON), and PV display flashes . With the Thermocouple T and RTD input, if the input value drops below -199.9, and the PV display flashes . However, the control will perform to [Input range low limit value -1% of input span]. For DC input, if the input value drops below [Scaling low limit value -1% of the scaling span], Open output is turned OFF (Closed output ON), and the PV display flashes . If the input value drops below -199.9, the PV display flashes . However, the control will perform to [Scaling low limit value -1% of scaling span]. (2) Self-diagnosis The CPU is monitored by a watchdog timer, and when an abnormal status is found on the CPU, the controller is switched to warm-up status.

AC

(4) Warm-up indication For approximately 2 seconds after the power supply to the instrument is turned on, the input type and the temperature unit are indicated on the PV display, and the input range high limit value (for DC input, scaling high limit value) on the SV display. (5) SV (desired value) ramp function When the SV is adjusted, it approaches the new SV by the preset rate of change. When the power is turned on, the control starts from the PV (process variable) and approaches the SV by the rate of change.

SE

(3) Automatic cold junction temperature compensation (Thermocouple input type) This detects the temperature at the connecting terminal between thermocouple and the instrument, and always keeps it at the same status as if the reference junction is located at 0 (32 ).

Sp
46

.z

o. o.

12. Specifications
12.1 Standard specifications (Common to FCD-15A, FCR-15A) Mounting : Flush Setting : Input system using membrane sheet key Display [FCD-15A] PV display : Red LED display 4 digits, size, 14.3(H) x 8(W)mm SV/MV/TIME display: Green LED display 4 digits, size, 10(H) x 5.5(W)mm MEMO display : Yellow LED display 1 digit, size, 8(H) x 4(W)mm [FCR-15A] PV display : Red LED display 4 digits, size, 8(H) x 4(W)mm SV/MV/TIME display: Green LED display 4 digits, size, 8(H) x 4(W)mm MEMO display : Yellow LED display 1 digit, size, 8(H) x 4(W)mm Accuracy (Setting, Indication) Thermocouple : Within 0.2% of input span 1digit However, K, J, T input, range less than 0 (32 ): Within 0.4% of input span 1digit R, S input, range 0 to 200 (0 to 400 ): Within 4 (8 ) (Cold junction temperature compensating accuracy: 1 , at 0 to 50 ) RTD : Within 0.2% of input span 1digit DC current : Within 0.2% of input span 1digit DC voltage : Within 0.2% of input span 1digit Input sampling period : 0.125 seconds (0.25 seconds for EA, EV option) Input Thermocouple : K, J, R, S, B, E, T, N, PL- , C (W/Re5-26), External resistance, 100 or less For input burnout, Overscale RTD : Pt100, JPt100, 3-wire system Allowable input lead wire resistance, 10 or less per wire For input burnout, Overscale DC current : 0 to 20mA DC, 4 to 20mA DC Input impedance, 50 Allowable input current, 100mA or less For input burnout, 0 to 20mA: the same as 0mA 4 to 20mA: Underscale DC voltage : 0 to 1V DC Input impedance, 1M or more Allowable input voltage, 5V or less Allowable signal source resistance, 2k or less For input burnout, Overscale Control output Relay contact : 1a x 2 Control capacity, 3A 250V AC (resistive load) 1A 250V AC (inductive load cos =0.4)

AC

SE

Sp
47

.z

o. o.

Alarm 1 output The alarm action point is set by deviation from the SV (desired value) (except Process alarm). When the input is out of the range, the output turns ON or OFF (in the case of High/Low limit range alarm). One alarm is selectable by the rotary switch and DIP switch from the choice of; High limit alarm, Low limit alarm, High/Low limits alarm, High/Low limit range alarm, Process high alarm and Process low alarm, and standby function is applied to them respectively, as well as No alarm action and Pattern end output. Setting accuracy: Within 0.2% of input span 1digit Action : ON/OFF action Hysteresis: Thermocouple, RTD input: 0.1 to 100.0 ( ) DC input: 1 to 1000 (The placement of the decimal point place follows the selection.) Output: Relay contact, 1a Control capacity, 3A 250V AC (resistive load) 1A 250V AC (inductive load cos =0.4) Controlling action Fuzzy self-tuning PID or PID action is selectable by the DIP switch. Fuzzy self-tuning PID action Proportional band (P) : Automatic Integral time (I) : Automatic Derivative time (D) : Automatic MV computation cycle : 1 to 120sec Anti-reset windup (ARW) : Automatic Dead band : 0.1 to 100.0% of proportional band Open output time setting : 0.1 to 999.9sec Closed output time setting: 0.1 to 999.9sec PID action (with auto-tuning function) Proportional band (P) : 0.1 to 999.9% Integral time (I) : 1 to 3600sec Derivative time (D) : 0 to 3600sec (off when set to 0) MV computation cycle : 1 to 120sec Anti-reset windup (ARW) : Automatic Dead band : 0.1 to 100.0% of proportional band Open output time : 0.1 to 999.9sec Closed output time : 0.1 to 999.9sec Supply voltage : 100 to 240V AC, 50/60Hz, 24V AC/DC, 50/60Hz Allowable voltage fluctuation : 100 to 240V AC : 85 to 264V AC 24V AC/DC : 20 to 28V AC/DC Ambient temperature : 0 to 50 (32 to 122 ) Ambient humidity : 35 to 85%RH (non-condensing) Power consumption : Approx. 15VA

AC

SE

Sp
48

.z

o. o.

Circuit insulation configuration [FCD-15A]


Ground terminal Insulated Insulated Outputs Insulated Insulated Open/Closed output Insulated
Alarm 1 (A1) output

Power supply Insulated Insulated

CPU Non-insulated Input External setting input

Communication Non-insulated

Insulated Transmission output

Insulated
Alarm 3 (A3) output

B
Non-insulated
Alarm 4 (A4) output

[FCR-15A]
Ground terminal Insulated Insulated

.z
Power supply Insulated Insulated Insulated CPU Non-insulated External setting input Input

Open/Closed output Insulated

Sp
A B

Alarm 1 (A1) output

AC

SE

D Insulation resistance 10M or more, at 500V DC Insulation test must not be carried out between A-B and C-D of Circuit insulation configuration, because they are not insulated from each other. Dielectric strength Between input terminal and ground terminal, 1.5kV AC for 1 minute Between input terminal and power terminal, 1.5kV AC for 1 minute Between power terminal and ground terminal, 1.5kV AC for 1 minute Open/Closed output terminal and ground terminal, 1.5kV AC for 1 minute Open/Closed output terminal and power terminal, 1.5kV AC for 1 minute Weight : FCD-15A: Approx. 500g FCR-15A: Approx. 320g External dimensions: FCD-15A: 96 x 96 x 110mm (W x H x D) FCR-15A: 48 x 96 x 110mm (W x H x D) Material : Base and Case: Flame-resistant resin Color : Base and Case: Light gray

49

o. o.
Non-insulated External operation Set value memory number external selection D Insulated Communication Non-insulated C Insulated Transmission output Set value memory number external selection

12.2 Optional specifications Alarm 3, 4 output (Option code: SA) (for FCD-15A) The alarm action point is set by deviation from the SV (except Process alarm), and when the input exceeds the range, the output turns ON or OFF (in the case of High/Low limit range alarm). Alarm 3 and 4 are selectable by key operation from 13 types of alarm; High limit alarm, Low limit alarm, High/Low limits alarm, High/Low limit range alarm, Process high alarm and Process low alarm, and standby function is applied to them respectively, as well as No alarm action. Setting accuracy: Within 0.2% of input span 1digit Action : ON/OFF action Hysteresis: Thermocouple, RTD input: 0.1 to 100.0 ( ) DC input: 1 to 1000 (The placement of the decimal point follows the selection.) Output : Relay contact 1a x 2 Control capacity 3A 250V AC (resistive load) 1A 250V AC (inductive load cos =0.4) (However, terminals common to A3 and A4: maximum 3A) Transmission output (Option code: TA, TV) Converting the value (PV transmission, SV transmission, Open/Closed output MV transmission) to analog signal every 0.125 seconds, outputs the value in current or voltage. Transmission output (PV, SV, Open/Closed output MV) can be selected by keypad. Resolution 1/10000 Current (TA) 4 to 20mA DC (load resistance, maximum 550 ) Voltage (TV) 0 to 1V DC (load resistance, minimum 100k ) Output accuracy Within 0.3% of input span Serial communication (Option code: C5, C) Following operations can be executed from the external computer. (1) Reading and setting of the SV, PID values and various set values (2) Reading of the PV and the action status (3) Change of the functions Communication line EIA RS-485 (C5) or EIA RS-232C (C) Communication method Half-duplex communication Synchronization method Start-stop synchronization

AC

SE

Sp
50

.z

o. o.

Attached functions : Control output OFF, Set value lock, Sensor correction, Multi-range input, Alarm action delayed timer, Multi-function, Simplified program controller, Set value memory, Power failure countermeasure, Self-diagnosis, SV ramp, Burnout function, Warm-up display function, Loop break alarm indicating function, Automatic cold junction temperature compensation Accessories : Mounting brackets 1 set Instruction manual 1 copy Unit label 1 Terminal cover: FCD-15A: 2 pieces (When TC option is added) FCR-15A: 1 piece (When TC option is added) Wire harness: 3m 1 length (For FCR-15A with TA, TV, EA, EV option)

Communication speed Data format

2400, 4800, 9600, 19200bps (Selectable by key operation) Start bit : 1 Data bit : 7 Parity : Even parity Stop bit : 1

Digital external setting: Receives digital set value from Shinko programmable controllers such as PCD-33A (with SVTC option) or PC-900 (with SVTC option). Be sure to select Lock 3 during the Set value lock selection for the FCx-15A. Set value memory number external selection (Option code: SM) Selects the set value memory number from 7 files (mentioned below is 1 file) by external terminals. (SV, PID values, Open/Closed dead band, Alarm 1, 3 and 4 values) Memory numbers: 1 to 7 (7 files) Data : FCD-15A: 8 pieces of data FCR-15A: 6 pieces of data External setting (Option code: EA, EV) The SV (desired value) can be set using the external analog signal. Setting signal : DC current (EA) 0 to 20mA DC, 4 to 20mA DC Input impedance, 50 (Not insulated from the input) : DC voltage (EV) 0 to 1V DC, 1 to 5V DC Allowable input voltage, 5V or less for 0 to 1V DC 10V or less for 1 to 5V DC Input impedance, 100k (Not insulated from the input) Setting signal sampling period: 0.25 seconds (If this function is applied, the input sampling period will also change to 0.25 seconds.) External operation: If External setting option is applied, Remote/Local setting and Auto/Manual control can be switched externally. Terminals 25 - 27 Closed : Remote setting Open : Local setting Terminals 26 - 27 Closed : Manual control Open : Automatic control Color black (Option code: BK) Front panel : Dark gray Case : Black Screw type mounting bracket (Option code: BL) Mounting panel thickness: 1 to 8mm Terminal cover (Option code: TC) Electrical shock protection terminal cover Dust-proof/Drip-proof (IP) Dust-proof and Drip-proof specification (IP54) Effective for only front panel surface, case section is excluded. Effective only when the FCx-15A is mounted vertically. User specified Input, Scale range : Shipped at specified range Alarm action : Shipped at specified alarm action (A1, A3, A4) Control action : Shipped at specified control action (PID) Transmission output : Shipped at specified output (e.g.) SV transmission 0-20mA DC (Transmission output option) External setting : Shipped at specified input. (e.g.) 1-5V DC (External setting option)

AC

SE

Sp
51

.z

o. o.

13. Troubleshooting
If any malfunctions occur, refer to the following after checking the power supply to the controller.

Warning
Turn the power supply to the instrument off before wiring or checking. Working or touching the terminal with the power switched ON may result in severe injury or death due to Electric Shock. Moreover, the instrument must be grounded before the power supply to the instrument is turned on. <Indication> Problem Presumed cause and solution Control output OFF function is working. [ ] is indicated on key for approx. 1sec to release the function. Press the the PV display. Burnout of thermocouple, RTD or disconnection of DC [ ] is flashing voltage (0 to 1V DC). Change each sensor. on the PV display. How to check whether the sensor is burnt out [Thermocouple] If the input terminals of the instrument are shorted, and if a value around room temperature is indicated, the instrument is likely to be operating normally, however, the sensor may be burnt out. [RTD] If approx. 100 of resistance is connected to the input terminals between A-B of the instrument and between B-B is shorted, and if a value around 0 (32 ) is indicated, the instrument is likely to be operating normally, however, the sensor may be burnt out. [DC voltage (0 to 1V DC)] If the input terminals of the instrument are shorted, and if a scaling low limit value is indicated, the instrument is likely to be operating normally, however, the signal wire may be disconnected. Check whether the input terminals of thermocouple, RTD or DC voltage (0 to 1V DC) are securely mounted to the instrument input terminals. Check if polarity of thermocouple or compensating lead [ ] is flashing wire is correct. on the PV display. Check whether codes (A, B, B) of RTD agree with the instrument terminals. For 4-20mA DC input, if the input to the input terminals of the instrument is 4mA DC and if a scaling low limit value is indicated, the instrument is likely to be operating normally, however, the signal wire may be disconnected. For 0-20mA DC input, check whether the signal wire is securely connected to the instrument input terminals. Designation of the sensor input is not proper. The indication of the Set the input type properly with the Rotary switch (SW303) PV display is abnormal and DIP switch (SW304). or unstable. Check whether the temperature unit ( or ) is correct. Set the unit properly with the DIP switch (SW304). Sensor correction value is not suitable. Set it to a suitable value. Check whether the specification of the sensor is correct. AC is leaking into the thermocouple or RTD circuit. Use an ungrounded type sensor. There may be equipment that interferes with or makes noise near the controller. Keep equipment that interferes with or makes noise away from the controller 52

AC

SE

Sp

.z

o. o.

AC

Control does not start. (The PV display is indicated)

The value is fully open or fully closed regardless of the controlling temperature high or low. For all other malfunctions, please contact our main office or dealers.

SE

<Control> Problem PV (Temperature) does not rise.

Sp
53

<Key operation> Problem Setting mode cannot be selected. It is impossible to change the mode from Remote setting to Local setting by key operation. The mode cannot be changed from Manual control to Automatic control by key operation. Settings are impossible. The value does not , change by the keys. The setting indication does not change in the input range even if the , keys are pressed, and new values are unable to be set. Program control does not start even if the key is pressed in the Program mode.

Presumed cause and solution Manual control is selected. Change the mode to Automatic control. Remote setting has been selected using the External setting (EA or EV option). External operation has priority.

Step time has not been set. Set the step time.

Presumed cause and solution Sensor is out of order. Replace the sensor. Check whether the Sensor is securely mounted to the instrument input terminals. Ensure that the sensor is securely mounted to the instrument input terminals. Check whether the wiring of sensor is correct. Program mode is selected. If running by Program mode, press the key. When performing by Fixed value control, press the key for approx. 3sec while holding down the key to select the Fixed value control mode. Check whether Open/Closed output time is set suitably. Set the time to a suitable value.

.z

Lock 1 or Lock 2 is selected during Set value lock selection. Release the lock. During PID auto-tuning. Cancel auto-tuning if necessary. SV high limit or low limit may be set at the point where the value does not change. Set it to a suitable value while in Auxiliary function setting mode 1.

o. o.

Manual control has been selected using an External setting (EA or EV option). External operation has priority.

14. Character table


Photocopiable material Alarm 3 and Alarm 4 (value, type, hysteresis, delayed timer) are applicable to the FCD-15A. <Main setting mode> Character SV Item 0 Default Data

<Auxiliary function setting mode 2> Character Item Scaling high limit Scaling low limit Decimal point place PV filter time constant Alarm 3 type Alarm 4 type Alarm 1 hysteresis Alarm 3 hysteresis Alarm 4 hysteresis Alarm 1 delayed timer Alarm 3 delayed timer Alarm 4 delayed timer External setting high limit External setting low limit 54

SE

<Auxiliary function setting mode 1> Character Item Set value lock SV high limit SV low limit Sensor correction Remote/Local Instrument number Communication speed

Sp

.z
Default Cancel 400 0 0.0 Local 0 9600bps Data Default 9999 1999
No decimal point

<Sub setting mode> Character Item Set value memory number AT (Auto-tuning) Perform/Cancel Proportional band Integral time Derivative time Open/Closed output dead band Alarm 1 value Alarm 3 value Alarm 4 value Loop break alarm time Loop break alarm span

Default 1 Cancel 2.5% 200sec 50sec 3.0% 0 0 0 0 min 0

AC

0.0sec No alarm No alarm 1.0 1.0 1.0 0sec 0sec 0sec 400 0

o. o.
Data Data

Transmission output Transmission output high limit Transmission output low limit Indication selection when control output is OFF MV computation cycle SV rise rate SV fall rate <Open/Closed output time setting mode> Character Item Open output time Closed output time

(PV) 400 0

3sec 0 /minute 0 /minute

Default 30.0sec 30.0sec

AC

SE
55

Sp

<Program mode> Character Item Default Fixed value control/Program control Fixed value Step 1 time 00.00 Step 2 time 00.00 Step 3 time 00.00 Step 4 time 00.00 Step 5 time 00.00 Step 6 time 00.00 Step 7 time 00.00

.z

o. o.
Data Data

***** Inquiry ***** For any inquiries about this controller, after checking the following as to the controller, please contact the shop where you purchased the unit or our agency. (Example) Model -------------------- FCD-15A-R/M Input type -------------- K Option ------------------- SA, TV Serial number --------- No. xxxxxx

In addition to the above, please let us know the details of malfunction, if any, and the operating conditions.

AC

SE
SHINKO TECHNOS CO.,LTD.
OVERSEAS DIVISION
Reg. Office : 2-5-1, Senbahigashi, Minoo, Osaka, Japan URL : http://www.shinko-technos.co.jp Tel : 81-72-727-6100 E-mail : overseas@shinko-technos.co.jp Fax: 81-72-727-7006
FCDR12E7 2008.08

Sp

.z

o. o.

COMMUNICATION INSTRUCTION MANUAL

FC SERIES (C, C5)

No.FC1CE11 2006.12 To prevent accidents arising from the use of this controller, please ensure the operator receives this manual. Models for Shinko protocol : FCS-23A, FCR-13A, FCR-15A, FCR-23A, FCD-13A, FCD-15A Models for Modbus protocol : FCS-23A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A, FCD-13A

Warning

1. System configuration
RS-232C (C option) Host computer RS-232C FC series (Fig. 1-1) RS-485 Multi-drop connection (C5 option) Host computer RS-485 FC series No. 0 RS-485

Sp .
FC series No. 1 FC series No. 2 RS-485 FC series No. 0 FC series No. 1
FCD-13A

z
FC series No. 30 FC series No. 30

(Fig. 1-2)

Host computer RS-232C

Communication converter IF-400 232C 485

2. Wiring
TXD 2

RS-232C (C option)
Host computer

SE

(Fig. 1-3)

AC

11 TX 12 RX 16 COM

RXD SG

3 7 1 4 5 6

FG

Shielded wire

RTS CTS

DSR DTR CD

20 8
(Fig. 2-1) 1

D-sub 25-pin connector

o. o

Turn the power supply to the instrument OFF before wiring or checking. Working or touching the terminal with the power switched ON may result in severe injury or death due to Electric Shock.

When using communication converter IF-400 D-sub 9-pin connector Host computer
TXD RXD GND DCD DTR DSR RTS CTS RI 3 2 5 1 4 6 7 8 9
RS-232C IF-400 RS-485

FCD-13A
4 3 1 6

11 12 16 1
FG

YA(-) YB(+) COM GND

Shielded wire FG

Shielded wire

D-sub 9-pin connector

Shielded wire

FG

CDM

D-sub 25-pin connector Host computer


TXD RXD SG FG RTS CTS DSR 2 3 7 1 4 5 6
IF-400

Sp .
RS-232C RS-485

z
FCD-13A 11 12 16 1
FG

(Fig. 2-2)

FG

4 3 1 6

Shielded wire

Shielded wire

SE

DTR 20 CD

D-sub 25-pin connector

Shielded wire
CDM

AC

FG (Fig. 2-3) Shielded wire Connect only one side of the shielded wire to the FG or GND terminal so that current cannot flow to the shielded wire. (If both sides of the shielded wire are connected to the FG or GND terminal, the circuit will be closed between the shielded wire and the ground. As a result, current will run through the shielded wire and this may cause noise.) Be sure to ground FG and GND terminals. Recommended cable: OTSC-VB 2PX0.5SQ (made by Onamba Co., Ltd.) or equivalent (Use a twisted pair cable.) Terminator (Terminal resistor) The terminator prevents signal reflection and disturbance. Connect a terminator at the end of the communication cable. The IF-400 (sold separately) is available as a communication converter.

o. o
11 12 16 1 YA(-) YB(+) COM GND YA(-) YB(+) COM GND 11 12 16 1
FG

11 12 16 1

YA(-) YB(+) COM GND

YA(-) YB(+) COM GND

11 12 16 1

YA(-) YB(+) COM GND

3. Communication parameters setting


Set Communication parameters as follows. (Refer to the Instruction manual.) (1) Instrument number setting Set an instrument number to each of the FC series individually when communicating by connecting plural units. (Default: 0) (2) Communication speed selection Select a communication speed for the FC series according to that of the host computer. (Default: 9600bps) (3) Communication protocol selection (For the FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A, FCS-23A) Select a communication protocol. (Default: Shinko protocol)

4. Communication procedure
Master Command Data Command Acknowledgement Command Negative acknowledgement Command No response Slave

Response with data When the master sends the reading command, the slave responds with the corresponding set value or current status.

(Fig.4-1)

AC

5. Shinko protocol
5.1 Transmission mode Shinko protocol is composed of ASCII codes. Hexadecimal (0 to 9, A to F), which is divided into high order (4-bit) and low order (4-bit) out of 8-bit binary data in command is transmitted as ASCII characters. Data format Start bit: 1 bit Data bit: 7 bits Parity : Even Stop bit: 1 bit Error detection: Checksum 5.2 Command configuration All commands are composed of ASCII. The data (set value, decimal number) is represented by hexadecimal figures, and ASCII codes are used for the command. The negative numbers are represented by 2's complement. 3

SE

Communication timing between master and slave Master side (Notice on programming) Set the program so that the master can disconnect the transmitter from the communication line within a 1 character transmission period after sending the command in preparation for reception of the response from the slave. To avoid the collision of transmissions between the master and the slave, send the next command after carefully checking that the master received the response. Slave side When the slave starts transmission through the RS-485 communication line, the slave is arranged so as to provide an idle status (mark status) transmission period of 1 or more characters before sending the response to ensure the synchronization on the receiving side. The slave is arranged so as to disconnect the transmitter from the communication line within a 1 character transmission period after sending the response.

Sp .

Acknowledgement When the master sends the setting command, the slave responds by sending the acknowledgement after the processing is terminated. Negative acknowledgement When the master sends a non-existent command or value out of the setting range, the slave returns a negative acknowledgement as a response. No response The slave will not respond to the master in the following cases: Global address (Shinko protocol) is set. Communication error (framing error, parity error) Checksum error (Shinko protocol), LRC discrepancy (Modbus)

o. o

Communication starts with command transmission from the host computer (hereafter Master) and ends with the response of the FC series (hereafter Slave).

(1) Setting command Header Memory Address (02H) number 1 1 1 (Fig. 5.2-1) (2) Reading command Header Memory Address (02H) number 1 1 1 (Fig. 5.2-2) (3) Response with data Header Memory Address (06H) number 1 1 1 (Fig. 5.2-3) (4) Acknowledgement CheckHeader Address (06H) sum 1 1 2 (Fig. 5.2-4) (5) Negative acknowledgement Error Header Address (15H) code 1 1 1 (Fig. 5.2-5) Header

Command type (50H)

Data item 4

Data 4

CheckDelimiter sum (03H) 2 1 Number of characters Delimiter (03H) 1 Number of characters

Command type (20H)

Data item 4

Checksum 2

Data item 4

Data 4

Delimiter (03H) 1 Number of characters

: Control code to represent the beginning of the command or the response. ASCII codes are used. Setting command, Reading command : STX (02H) fixed Response with data, Acknowledgement : ACK (06H) fixed Negative acknowledgement : NAK (15H) fixed Address (Instrument number): Numbers by which the master discerns each slave. Instrument number 0 to 94 and Global address 95. ASCII codes (20H to 7FH) are used by adding 20H to instrument numbers 0 to 95 (00H to 5FH). 95 (7FH) is called Global address, which is used when the same command is sent to all the slaves connected. However, a response is not returned. Memory number: Set value memory number (1 to 7) Zero (0) is set to the data item which has no relation to the Set value memory. The numbers (20H to 27H) are used by adding 20H of bias. Command type : Code to discern Setting command (50H) and Reading command (20H) Data item : Data classification of the command object Composed of hexadecimal 4 digits (Refer to the Communication command table.) Data : The contents of data (set value) differ depending on the setting command. Composed of hexadecimal 4 digits (Refer to the Communication command table.) Checksum : 2-character data to detect communication errors (Refer to 5.3 Checksum calculation.) Delimiter : Control code to represent the end of command 03H fixed Error code : Represents an error type. Composed of hexadecimal 1 digit. 0 (30H)---- Unknown error 1 (31H)-----Non-existent command 2 (32H)-----Not used 3 (33H)-----Set value out of the setting range 4 (34H)-----Unsettable status (e.g. AT is performing) 5 (35H)-----During setting mode by keypad operation 5.3 Checksum calculation Checksum is used to detect receiving errors in the command or data. Set the program for the master side as well to calculate the checksum of the response data from the slaves so that the communication errors can be checked. The ASCII code (hexadecimal) corresponding to the characters which range from the address to that before the checksum is converted to binary notation, and the total value is calculated. The lower 2-digits of the total value are converted to 2s complements and then to hexadecimal figures, that is, ASCII code for the checksum.

AC

SE

Sp .
4

Checksum 2

Delimiter (03H) 1 Number of characters

o. o

Command type (20H)

CheckDelimiter sum (03H) 2 1 Number of characters

Checksum calculation example Address (instrument number): 1 (21H) Memory number: 1 (21H) SV: 600 (0258H) 1s complement: Reverse each binary bit. 0 will become 1 and vice versa. 2s complement: Add 1 to 1s complements.
[e.g.]
STX

Checksum calculation range ! ! P 0 0 0 1 0 2 5 8 D E


ETX

[Characters above are represented by ASCII]


02H 21H 21H 50H 30H 30H 30H 31H 30H 32H 35H 38H

[Hexadecimal] [Binary] 21H 0010 0001 21H 0010 0001 50H 0101 0000 30H 0011 0000 30H 0011 0000 0011 0000 30H 31H 0011 0001 30H 0011 0000 32H 0011 0010 35H 0011 0101 0011 1000 + 38H 10 0010 0010

[1's complement]

+
[2's complement] [Hexadecimal]

1101 1101 1 1101 1110 D E

[ASCII]

5.4 Command table (Shinko protocol) When the data (set value) has a decimal point, remove the decimal point and represent it as a whole number, then express it in hexadecimal figures. Memory Command Data item Data Number type 1 to 7 20H/50H 0001H SV or step SV Set value (Decimal point ignored) 0 20H/50H 0002H Set value memory number or Selected value step number 0 20H/50H 0003H AT Perform/Cancel 0000H: Cancel 0001H: Perform 1 to 7 20H/50H 0004H OUT1 proportional band Set value (Decimal point ignored) 1 to 7 20H/50H 0005H OUT2 proportional band Set value (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A) (Decimal point ignored) 1 to 7 20H/50H 0006H Integral time Set value 1 to 7 20H/50H 0007H Derivative time Set value 0 20H/50H 0008H OUT1 proportional cycle Set value (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A, FCS-23A) 0 20H/50H 0009H OUT2 proportional cycle Set value (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A) 0 20H/50H 000AH Manual reset Set value (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A, FCS-23A) (Decimal point ignored) 1 to 7 20H/50H 000BH A1 value Set value (Decimal point ignored) 1 to 7 20H/50H 000CH A2 value Set value (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A, FCS-23A) (Decimal point ignored) 1 to 7 20H/50H 000DH A3 value Set value (For FCD-13A, FCD-15A) (Decimal point ignored) 1 to 7 20H/50H 000EH A4 value Set value (For FCD-13A, FCD-15A) (Decimal point ignored)

AC

SE

Sp .
5

z
44H 45H Checksum

o. o
44H 45H
03H

Checksum

0 0 0 0

20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H

000FH 0010H 0011H 0012H

0 0 0 1 to 7 0 0 0 0

20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H

0013H 0014H 0015H 0016H 0017H 0018H 0019H 001AH

0 1 to 7 1 to 7 0 0

20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H

001BH 001CH 001DH 001EH 001FH

1 to 7 1 to 7 0 0

20H/50H 20H/50H

0020H 0021H

20H/50H 20H/50H

0022H 0023H 0024H

Set value (Decimal point ignored) Set value Set value (Decimal point ignored.) 0000H: Unlock Set value lock 0001H: Lock 1 (If Lock 3 is selected, the set data will not saved in the memory. By turning the power 0002H: Lock 2 off, the set values return to the previous one) 0003H: Lock 3 SV high limit Set value (Decimal point ignored) SV low limit Set value (Decimal point ignored) Sensor correction value Set value (Decimal point ignored) Overlap band/Dead band Set value (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A) (Decimal point ignored) Remote/Local (For FCD-13A, FCD-15A, 0000H: Local FCR-13A, FCR-23A, FCR-15A) 0001H: Remote Scaling high limit Set value (Decimal point ignored) Scaling low limit Set value (Decimal point ignored) Decimal point place 0000H: XXXX (For FCD-13A, FCD-15A, (No decimal point) FCR-13A, FCR-23A, FCR-15A) 0001H: XXX.X (1 digit after the decimal point) 0002H: XX.XX (2 digits after the decimal point) 0003H: X.XXX (3 digits after the decimal point) PV filter time constant Set value (Decimal point ignored) Set value OUT1 high limit (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A, FCS-23A) (Decimal point ignored) OUT1 low limit Set value (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A, FCS-23A) (Decimal point ignored) OUT1 ON/OFF action hysteresis Set value (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A, FCS-23A) (Decimal point ignored) OUT2 action mode 0000H: Air cooling (Linear characteristic) (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A) 0001H: Oil cooling (1.5th power of the linear) 0002H: Water cooling (2nd power of the linear) OUT2 high limit Set value (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A) (Decimal point ignored) OUT2 low limit Set value (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A) (Decimal point ignored) Set value OUT2 ON/OFF action hysteresis (Decimal point ignored) (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A) A3 type 0000H: No alarm (For FCD-13A, FCD-15A) 0001H: High limit alarm A4 type 0002H: High limit alarm with standby (For FCD-13A, FCD-15A) 0003H: Low limit alarm 0004H: Low limit alarm with standby 0005H: H/L limits alarm 0006H: H/L limits alarm with standby 0007H: H/L limit range alarm 6

Heater burnout alarm (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A) Loop break alarm time Loop break alarm span

AC

SE

Sp .

o. o

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H

0025H 0026H 0027H 0028H 0029H 002AH 002BH 002CH 002DH

20H/50H

002EH

20H/50H

002FH

20H/50H

0030H

20H/50H

0031H

20H/50H

0032H

0 0 0

20H/50H 20H/50H

0033H 0034H

20H/50H

0035H

1 to 7

20H/50H

0036H

20H/50H

0037H

0 0

20H/50H 20H/50H

0038H 0039H

0008H: H/L limit range alarm with standby 0009H: Process high alarm 000AH: Process high alarm with standby 000BH: Process low alarm 000CH: Process low alarm with standby A1 hysteresis Set value(Decimal point ignored) A2 hysteresis Set value (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A, FCS-23A) (Decimal point ignored) A3 hysteresis Set value (For FCD-13A, FCD-15A) (Decimal point ignored) A4 hysteresis Set value (For FCD-13A, FCD-15A) (Decimal point ignored) A1 action delayed timer Set value A2 action delayed timer Set value (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A, FCS-23A) A3 action delayed timer Set value (For FCD-13A, FCD-15A) A4 action delayed timer Set value (For FCD-13A, FCD-15A) External setting input high limit Set value (For FCD-13A, FCD-15A, FCR-13A, (Decimal point ignored) FCR-23A, FCR-15A) External setting input low limit Set value (For FCD-13A, FCD-15A, FCR-13A, (Decimal point ignored) FCR-23A, FCR-15A) Transmission output mode 0000H: PV transmission (For FCD-13A, FCD-15A, FCR-13A, 0001H: SV transmission FCR-23A, FCR-15A) 0002H: MV transmission Transmission output high limit Set value (For FCD-13A, FCD-15A, FCR-13A, (Decimal point ignored) FCR-23A, FCR-15A) Transmission output low limit Set value (For FCD-13A, FCD-15A, FCR-13A, (Decimal point ignored) FCR-23A, FCR-15A) Indication selection when control output 0000H: OFF indication is OFF 0001H: No indication 0002H: PV indication SV rise rate Set value (Decimal point ignored) SV fall rate Set value (Decimal point ignored) 0000H: Fixed value control Fixed value control/Program control 0001H: Program control Step (1 to 7) time Set value (Decimal point ignored) Converted to minutes, then to hexadecimal figures. (See Data on p.14) Control output OFF function For fixed value control: 0000H: ON 0001H: OFF For program control: 0000H: STOP 0001H: RUN Auto/Manual control (For FCD-13A, 0000H: Automatic control 0001H: Manual control FCD-15A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A, FCR-15A) Settable only in the Manual MV (manipulated variable) Manual mode. (For FCD-13A, FCD-15A, FCR-13A, The setting range FCR-23A, FCR-15A) depends on OUT1(OUT2) high and low limit values. 7

AC

SE

Sp .

o. o

Set value(Decimal point ignored)

1 to 7 0 0 0 0 0

20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

20H/50H 20H/50H 20H/50H 20H 20H 20H 20H 20H

0082H 0083H 0084H

OUT2 MV (manipulated variable) (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A) Current SV during program control

20H

0085H

AC

SE

20H

0086H

Sp .
Status flag Selected Set value memory number (running step number) 8

Remaining time during program control

o. o

20H/50H

003AH Open/Closed dead band (For FCD-15A, FCR-15A) 003BH Open output time (For FCD-15A, FCR-15A) 003CH Closed output time (For FCD-15A, FCR-15A) 003DH MV computation cycle setting (For FCD-15A, FCR-15A) 003EH Infrared emissivity (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A, FCS-23A) 003FH Control output OFF function selection for excess input (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A, FCS-23A) 0040H A1 action Energized/Deenergized (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A, FCS-23A) 0041H A2 action Energized/Deenergized (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A, FCS-23A) 0042H A3 action Energized/Deenergized (For FCD-13A, FCD-15A) 0043H A4 action Energized/Deenergized (For FCD-13A, FCD-15A) 0080H PV 0081H OUT1 MV (manipulated variable)

Set value Set value Set value Set value Set value (Decimal point ignored) 0000H: Disabled 0001H: Enabled

0000H: Energized 0001H: Deenergized 0000H: Energized 0001H: Deenergized 0000H: Energized 0001H: Deenergized 0000H: Energized 0001H: Deenergized PV (Decimal point ignored) OUT1 MV (Decimal point ignored) OUT2 MV (Decimal point ignored) Current SV (Decimal point ignored) Remaining time (Decimal point ignored) Converted to minutes, then to hexadecimal figures. (See Data on p.14) 0000 0000 0000 0000 to 20 215 0 2 digit: OUT1 (Control output 1) 0: OFF, 1: ON 21 digit: OUT2 (Control output 2) 0: OFF, 1: ON 22 digit: A1 output 0: OFF, 1: ON 23 digit: A2 output 0: OFF, 1: ON 24 digit: A3 output 0: OFF, 1: ON 25 digit: A4 output 0: OFF, 1: ON 26 digit: Heater burnout alarm output 0: OFF, 1: ON 27 digit: Loop break alarm output 0: OFF, 1: ON 28 digit: Overscale 0: OFF, 1: ON 29 digit: Underscale 0: OFF, 1: ON 210 to 215 digit: Not used. Always 0 Selected value

6. Modbus protocol (Not available for FCR-15A, FCD-15A)


6.1 Modbus message framing Modbus protocol has 2 transmission modes (ASCII and RTU), and all commands are made up of ASCII codes since the FC series (slave) runs on the ASCII mode. Data (set value, decimal number) is converted to hexadecimal figures, and ASCII codes are used. Negative numbers are represented by 2's complement.
In ASCII mode, messages start with a colon (: 3AH) character, and end with a carriage return-line feed (CRLF) pair (0DH and 0AH). Intervals of up to one second can elapse between characters within the message. If a greater interval occurs, the receiving device assumes an error has occurred. A typical message frame of the slave is shown in (Table 6.1-1). (Table 6.1-1) Header ( : ) Slave address Function code Address Data Number of data or data Error check (LRC) Delimiter (CRLF)

6.3 Function code Function code is represented by two ASCII characters. When the message is transmitted from the master to the slaves, function code field tells the slave what kind of action to perform.

AC

When the slave responds to the master, function code field is used to indicate if it is a normal response or if an error has occurred. For a normal response, the slave simply echoes the original function code. For an exception response, the slave returns the value by adding 1 to the most significant bit of the original function code. This tells the master what kind of error occurred by adding the exception code to the response. Exception code 0 (00H) 1 (01H) 2 (02H) 3 (03H) Contents Reserve (Normal or undefined) Illegal function (Non-existent function) Illegal data address (Non-existent data address) Illegal data value (Set value out of the range)

6.4 Data field Data field consists of the address and number of data, and is represented by four ASCII characters. A request message from the master is composed of address, number of data or data. A response message from the slave is composed of number of bytes, data and exception code in negative acknowledgement. Effective range of data is 32768 to 32767 (8000H to 7FFFH).

SE

Function code 03 (03H) 06 (06H)

Contents Reading the set value and information from slaves (Only one piece of data can be read.) Setting to slaves (Only one piece of data can be written.)

Sp .
9

6.2 Slave address Slave addresses are represented by two ASCII characters. Slave address (instrument number): 0 to 95 (00H to 5FH) Slave address (instrument number) is set to the FC series in the range of 0 to 95 (00H to 5FH) beforehand by the key operation. A master addresses a slave by placing the slave address in the address field of the message. When the slave sends its response, it places its own slave address in this address field of the response to let the master know which slave is responding. Address 0 slave receives a message and returns the response message ignoring the broadcast address [0 (00H)] since slaves are not supported by the broadcast address.

o. o

6.5 Error check field After calculating LRC (Longitudinal Redundancy Check) from the slave address to the end of data, the calculated 8-bit data is converted to two ASCII characters and are appended to the end of the message. [Error checking methods] The LRC is applied to the entire message. Both the character check and message frame check are calculated in the master device, and applied to the message contents before transmission. (The slave device checks each character and the entire message frame during reception.) The master is configured by the user to wait for a predetermined timeout interval before aborting the transaction. This interval is set to be long enough for any slave to respond normally. If the slave detects a transmission error, the message will not be valid. The slave will not construct a response to the master. Thus the timeout will expire and allow the masters program to handle the error. The message addressed to a nonexistent slave device will also cause a timeout. [LRC checking] The LRC field checks the contents of the message, excluding the beginning colon and ending CRLF pair. It is applied regardless of any parity check method used for the individual characters of the message. The LRC field is one byte, containing an eight-bit binary value. The LRC value is calculated by the transmitting device, which appends the LRC to the message. The receiving device calculates an LRC during reception of the message, and compares the calculated value to the actual value it received in the LRC field. If the two values are not equal, an error message is returned. How to calculate LRC The LRC is calculated by adding together successive eight-bit bytes of the message (excluding the beginning colon and ending CRLF), discarding any carries, and then is calculated by twos compliment of the result. 6.6 Example of transmitting message (1) Reading of SV and status (Address 1, Memory number 1, SV) A request message from the master Header Slave address Function code Address Number of data

Sp .
(30H 33H)
(30H 30H 30H 30H)

z
4
Data
(30H 32H 35H 38H)

(3AH )

(30H 31H)

Error check LRC (30H 30H 30H 31H) (46H 42H)

(Fig. 6.6-1)

Header (3AH)

SE

Response message from the slave in normal status (When SV is 600 ) Slave address, function code, number of data, etc are represented by hexadecimal value, and replaced to the messages character by character. There are two response bytes since it is 16-bit data per channel. For the message, it becomes 4 times the number of characters since one character is composed of 4 bits. (*1: 30H 34H for the actual instrument)
Slave address (30H 31H) Function code (30H 33H) Number of response byte *1 (30H 34H)
Error check LRC (39H 45H) Delimiter (0DH 0AH)

(Fig. 6.6-2) (2) Reading of set value and status (Address 1, PV) A request message from the master
Header (3AH ) Slave address (30H 31H) Function code (30H 33H) Address
(30H 30H 39H 39H)

AC

Number of data
(30H 30H 30H 31H)

2 (Fig. 6.6-3)

Response message from the slave in normal status (When PV is 600 ) Slave address, function code, number of data, etc are represented by hexadecimal value, and replaced to the messages character by character. There are two response bytes since it is 16-bit data per channel. For the message, it becomes 4 times the number of characters since one character is composed of 4 bits. (*1: 30H 34H for the actual instrument)
Header (3AH) Slave address (30H 31H) Function code (30H 33H) Number of response byte *1 (30H 34H) Data
(30H 32H 35H 38H)

2 (Fig. 6.6-4)

2 10

o. o
Delimiter
(0DH 0AH)

2 2 Number of characters

2 2 Number of characters

Error check Delimiter LRC (0DH 0AH) (36H 32H)

2 2 Number of characters

Error check LRC (39H 45H)

(0DH 0AH)

2 2 Number of characters

.
Delimiter

Response message from the slave in exception (error) status (data item mistaken) Header Slave address Function code Exception Error check Delimiter code [02H] LRC (3AH) (30H 31H) (38H 33H) (30H 32H) (37H 41H) (0DH 0AH) 1 2 2 2 2 2 (Fig. 6.6-5) Number of characters The slave returns the error contents to the master by adding 1 (binary) to the most significant bit of function code. (3) Setting to the slave (Address 1, Memory number 1, SV is set to 600 ) A request message from the master
Header
(3AH )

Slave address
(30H 31H)

Function code
(30H 36H)

Data item

Data

Error check LRC


(39H 46H)

Delimiter

(30H 30H 30H 30H) (30H32H35H 38H)

2 (Fig. 6.6-6)

Response message from the slave in normal status Slave address, function code, number of data, etc are represented by hexadecimal value, and replaced to the messages character by character.
Header
(3AH )

Slave address
(30H 31H)

Function code
(30H 36H)

Data item

Data

(30H 30H 30H 30H) (30H32H 35H 38H)

6.7 Command table (Modbus protocol) R: Reading, W: Writing (setting) Address Contents 0000H to 0006H SV or step SV Corresponds to memory 1 to 7 0007H to 000DH 000EH to 0014H OUT1 proportional band OUT2 proportional band
Corresponds to memory 1 to 7 Corresponds to memory 1 to 7 Corresponds to memory 1 to 7 Corresponds to memory 1 to 7 Corresponds to memory 1 to 7 Corresponds to memory 1 to 7 Corresponds to memory 1 to 7 Corresponds to memory 1 to 7 Corresponds to memory 1 to 7 Corresponds to memory 1 to 7 Corresponds to memory 1 to 7 Corresponds to memory 1 to 7 Corresponds to memory 1 to 7 Corresponds to step 1 to 7

Sp .
11

2 2 (Fig. 6.6-7) Number of characters Response message from the slave in exception (error) status (When set value out of the range is set.) The slave returns the error contents to the master by adding 1 (binary) to the most significant bit of function code. Header Slave address Function code Exception Error check Delimiter code [03H] LRC (3AH) (30H 31H) (38H 36H) (30H 33H) (37H 36H) (0DH 0AH) 1 2 2 2 2 2 (Fig. 6.6-8) Number of characters

0015H to 001BH 001CH to 0022H 0023H to 0029H 002AH to 0030H 0031H to 0037H

SE

(For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A)

Integral time Derivative time Alarm 1 (A1) value

Alarm 2 (A2) value

AC

0038H to 003EH 003FH to 0045H

Alarm 3 (A3) value (For FCD-13A) Alarm 4 (A4) value (For FCD-13A) Overlap/Dead band OUT1 high limit OUT1 low limit OUT2 high limit

(For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A)

0046H to 004CH 004DH to 0053H 0054H to 005AH 005BH to 0061H 0062H to 0068H

(For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A)

OUT2 low limit


(For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A)

Step (1 to 7) time

o. o
Error check LRC
(39H 46H)

2 2 Number of characters

R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W

Data Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Set value Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored Set value, Decimal point ignored
Converted to minutes, then to hexadecimal figures. (See Data on p.14)

.
(0DH 0AH)

Delimiter

(0DH 0AH)

0069H 006AH 006BH 006CH 006DH 006EH 006FH 0070H 0071H

Set value memory number or Step number AT Perform/Cancel OUT1 proportional cycle OUT2 proportional cycle (For FCD-13A,FCR-13A,FCR-23A) Manual reset Heater burnout alarm value (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A) Loop break alarm action time Loop break alarm action span Set value lock (If Lock 3 is selected, the set data will not saved in the memory. By turning the power off, the set values return to the previous one) SV high limit SV low limit Sensor correction value Remote/Local (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A) Scaling high limit Scaling low limit Decimal point place

R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W

0072H 0073H 0074H 0075H 0076H 0077H 0078H

R/W R/W R/W R/W

R/W R/W R/W

0079H 007AH 007BH

PV filter time constant

Sp .
12

R/W R/W R/W

OUT1 ON/OFF action hysteresis

Selection 0000H: Cancel 0001H: Perform Set value Set value Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Set value Decimal point ignored 0000H:Unlock 0001H: Lock 1 0002H: Lock 2 0003H: Lock 3 Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored 0000H: Local 0001H: Remote Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored 0000H: XXXX 0001H: XXX.X 0002H: XX.XX 0003H: X.XXX Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored

OUT2 action mode (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A)

007CH 007DH

SE

OUT2 ON/OFF action hysteresis (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A) A3 type (For FCD-13A)

AC

007EH

A4 type (For FCD-13A)

o. o
R/W R/W R/W

0000H: Air cooling(Linear) 0001H: Oil cooling (1.5th power of the linear) 0002H: Water cooling(2nd power of the linear)

Set value Decimal point ignored 0000H: No alarm 0001H: High limit alarm 0002H: High limit alarm with standby 0003H: Low limit alarm 0004H: Low limit alarm with standby 0005H: H/L limits alarm 0006H: H/L limits alarm with standby 0007H: H/L limit range alarm 0008H: H/L limit range alarm with standby 0009H:Process high alarm 000AH: Process high alarm with standby 000BH:Process low alarm 000CH:Process low alarm with standby The same as A3 type

007FH 0080H 0081H 0082H 0083H 0084H 0085H 0086H 0087H 0088H 0089H

A1 hysteresis A2 hysteresis A3 hysteresis (For FCD-13A) A4 hysteresis (For FCD-13A) A1 action delayed timer A2 action delayed timer A3 action delayed timer (For FCD-13A) A4 action delayed timer (For FCD-13A) External setting input high limit (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A) External setting input low limit (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A) Transmission output mode (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A) Transmission output high limit (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A) Transmission output low limit (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A) Indication selection when control output is OFF

R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W

008AH 008BH 008CH

R/W R/W R/W

008DH 008EH 008FH 0090H

SV rise rate SV fall rate

R/W R/W R/W R/W

Fixed value control/Program control Control output OFF function

0092H

SE

0091H

Auto/Manual control (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A) Manual MV (manipulated variable) (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A)

R/W R/W

0093H 0094H

Infrared emissivity
Control output OFF function selection for excess input

R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W R/W

0095H 0096H 0097H 0098H 0099H

A1 action Energized/Deenergized A2 action Energized/Deenergized A3 action Energized/Deenergized (For FCD-13A) A4 action Energized/Deenergized (For FCD-13A) PV

Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Set value Set value Set value Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored 0000H: PV transmission 0001H: SV transmission 0002H: MV transmission Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored 0000H: OFF indication 0001H: No indication 0002H: PV indication Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored 0000H: Fixed value control 0001H: Program control For fixed value control 0000H: ON 0001H: OFF For program control 0000H: STOP 0001H: RUN 0000H: Automatic 0001H: Manual Settable only in the Manual mode. The setting range differs depending on OUT1 (OUT2) high and low limit values. Set value Decimal point ignored Set value Decimal point ignored 0000H: Prohibited 0001H: Allowed 0000H: Energized 0001H: Deenergized 0000H: Energized 0001H: Deenergized 0000H: Energized 0001H: Deenergized 0000H: Energized 0001H: Deenergized PV Decimal point ignored

AC

Sp .
13

o. o

009AH 009BH 009CH 009DH

OUT1 MV (manipulated variable) OUT2 MV (manipulated variable) (For FCD-13A, FCR-13A, FCR-23A) Current SV during program control Remaining time during program control

R R R R

OUT1 MV Decimal point ignored OUT2 MV Decimal point ignored Current SV Decimal point ignored Remaining time Decimal point ignored
Converted to minutes, then to hexadecimal figures. (See Data on p.14)

009EH

Status flag

009FH Selected Set value memory number (running step) R Data Note on setting, reading command The data (set value, decimal) is converted to hexadecimal figures. A negative number is represented by 2's complement. When connecting plural slaves, the address (instrument number) must not be duplicated. For Step (1 to 7) time (0036H, 0062H to 0068H for Modbus), and Remaining time during program control (0084H, 009DH for Modbus), time is converted to minutes, then to hexadecimal figures, and ASCII is used. (e.g.) 1 hour 30 minutes 90minutes 005AH (hexadecimal) 99 hours 59 minutes 5999minutes 176FH (hexadecimal) Setting command Setting range of each item is the same as that of keypad operation. When the data (set value) has a decimal point, a whole number (hexadecimal) without a decimal point is used. If the alarm type is changed during Alarm 3 type selection (0023H, 007DH for Modbus) and Alarm 4 type selection (0024H, 007EH for Modbus), the alarm value will revert to 0. Also alarm output status will be initialized. It is possible to set the set value with the setting command of the communication function even when the set value is locked. Although the options are not applied, setting the items for the options is possible using the setting command. However, they will not function. Instrument numbers, communication speed and protocol of the slave cannot be set by communication function. When sending a command by Global address (Shinko protocol) or Broadcast address (Modbus protocol), the same command is sent to all the slaves connected. However, the response is not returned. The memory can store up to 1,000,000 (one million) entries. If the number of settings exceeds the limit, the data will not be saved. So frequent transmission via communication is not recommended. Reading command When the data (set value) has a decimal point, a whole number (hexadecimal) without a decimal point is used for a response. 14

AC

SE

Sp .

0000 0000 0000 0000 215 to 20 0 2 digit: OUT1 (Control output 1) 0: OFF, 1: ON 21 digit: OUT2 (Control output 2) 0: OFF, 1: ON 22 digit: A1 output 0: OFF, 1: ON 23 digit: A2 output 0: OFF, 1: ON 24 digit: A3 output 0: OFF, 1: ON 25 digit: A4 output 0: OFF, 1: ON 26 digit: Heater burnout alarm output 0: OFF, 1: ON 27 digit: Loop break alarm output 0: OFF, 1: ON 28 digit: Overscale 0: OFF, 1: ON 29 digit: Underscale 0: OFF, 1: ON 210 to 215 digit: Not used. Always 0 Selected number

o. o

Negative acknowledgement The slave will return Error code 1 (31H) (Shinko protocol) or Exception code 1 (01H) (Modbus protocol) in the following cases. When AT Perform/Cancel (0003H, 006AH for Modbus protocol) is selected during PI action or ON/OFF action. The slave will return Error code 4 (34H) (Shinko protocol) or Exception code 17 (11H) (Modbus protocol) in the following cases. If Cancel (0000H) of AT Perform/Cancel (0003H, 006AH for Modbus protocol) is selected while Autotuning is being cancelled. When Perform (0001H) of AT Perform/Cancel (0003H, 006AH for Modbus protocol) is selected while Auto-tuning is performing Notes on programming monitoring software How to speed up the scan time When monitoring plural units of FC series, set the program so that requisite minimum pieces of data such as PV (0080H, 0099H for Modbus protocol), OUT1 MV (0081H, 009AH for Modbus), Status flag (0085H, 009EH for Modbus), etc. can be read, and for other data, set the program so that they can be read only when their set value has changed. This will speed up the scan time. Note when sending all set values at one time If alarm type is changed during Alarm 3 type selection (0023H, 007DH for Modbus) or Alarm 4 type selection (0024H, 007EH for Modbus), the alarm value will revert to 0. First, send the selected alarm type, then send the alarm value. When communicating with a PLC Command example (Shinko protocol) when communicating with a Mitsubishi PLC (FX series, etc.) Reading (Top D register: D100) Address 1, PV reading Sending Data (STX)(!)( )( )(0)(0)(8)(0)(D)(7)(ETX) Command Register Code Header (STX) 02H D100(LSB) 02H Address 1 D100(MSB) 21H Sub address 20H D101(LSB) 20H Command type 20H D101(MSB) 20H D102(LSB) 30H D102(MSB) 30H Data item &H80 D103(LSB) 38H D103(MSB) 30H D104(LSB) 44H Checksum D104(MSB) 37H Delimiter (ETX) 03H D105(LSB) 03H Communication setting [MOVP H0C86 D8120] Reading + Setting [RS D100 K11 D108 K26] Reading only [RS D100 K11 D106 K26] 1 [MOV H2102 D100] 2 [MOV H2020 D101] 3 [MOV H3030 D102] 4 [MOV H3038 D103] 5 [MOV H3744 D104] 6 [MOV H03 D105] Setting (Top D register: D120) Address 1, Memory No. 1, SV setting [When setting SV to 600 (0258H)] Sending Data (STX)(!)(!)(P)(0)(0)(0)(1)(0)(2)(5)(8)(D)(E)(ETX) Command Register Code Header (STX) 02H D120(LSB) 02H Address 1 D120(MSB) 21H Sub address 1 D121(LSB) 21H Command type P D121(MSB) 50H D122(LSB) 30H D122(MSB) 30H Data item &H1 D123(LSB) 30H D123(MSB) 31H D124(LSB) 30H D124(MSB) 32H Data item 600 D125(LSB) 35H D125(MSB) 38H D126(LSB) 44H Checksum D126(MSB) 45H Delimiter (ETX) 03H D127(LSB) 03H 15

AC

SE

Sp .

o. o

Reading + Setting Reading only 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

[RS D120 K15 D128 K26] [RS D120 K15 D128 K22] [MOV H2102 D120] [MOV H5021 D121] [MOV H3030 D122] [MOV H3130 D123] [MOV H3230 D124] [MOV H3835 D125] [MOV H4544 D126] [MOV H03 D127]

7. Specifications

8. Troubleshooting
Problem: Communication failure

SE

Check the following The connection or wiring of communication is not secure. A burnout or imperfect contact on the communication cable and the connector Communication speed of the FC series does not coincide with that of the host computer. The data bit, parity and stop bit of the host computer do not accord with those of the FC series. The instrument number (address) of the FC series does not coincide with that of the command. The instrument numbers (addresses) are duplicated in multiple FC series. When communicating by RS-485 (C5 option), make sure that the program is appropriate for the transmission timing. For the C5 option, when communicating with the host computer RS-485 board using RS-485 board (or customersown board) instead of Shinko (Customersown board) IF-400, communications sometimes cannot be carried out +5V line successfully. In this case, connect 2 resistors of 680 (1/4W) as shown on the right. Added resistors 680 (1/4W)

Sp .
OVERSEAS DIVISION
16

If any malfunctions occur, refer to the following items after checking the power supply of the host computer and the FC series.

AC

Problem: Although communication is occurring, the response is 'NAK'. Check the following Check whether or not a non-existent command code has been sent. The setting command data exceeds the setting range of the FC series. The controller cannot be set when functions such as AT are performing. The operation mode is under the front keypad operation setting mode. For further inquiries, please consult our agency or the shop where you purchased the unit. (Fig. 8-1)

SHINKO TECHNOS CO.,LTD.


Reg. Office: 2-5-1, Senbahigashi, Minoo, Osaka, Japan : http://www.shinko-technos.co.jp URL : overseas@shinko-technos.co.jp E-mail Tel : 81-72-727-6100 Fax: 81-72-727-7006

o. o
YA YB COM

Cable length : RS-232C: 10m (Max), RS-485: 1km (Max) Communication method: Half-duplex communication Communication speed : 9600bps (2400, 4800, 9600, 19200bps) Selectable by keypad Synchronization : Start-stop synchronization Code form : ASCII Error correction : Command request repeat system Error detection : Parity check, Checksum (Shinko protocol), LRC (Modbus protocol) Communication protocol : Shinko protocol/Modbus ASCII (Selectable by keypad) Data format : Start bit: 1, Data bit: 7, Parity: Even, Stop bit: 1