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MEDICAL INSTRUMENT

OLEH KELAS
NIM

:MOHAMAD HIDAYAT :2.C


:10.321.114

SEKOLAH TINGGI ILMU KESEHATAN INSAN CINDEKIA MEDIKA JOMBANG 2011

1. Thermometer Definiti : The thermometer is an instrument used to measure the temperature (temperature),or changes in temperature. Function : The measuring body themperature Procedure : Put the thermometer under tongue or arm pit or anus Wait about 3-5 minutes 2. Termometer Laboratorium Definition : This thermometer uses liquid mercury or alcohol. If the hot fluid increases the mercury or alcohol will expand so that its scale increases. Function : thermometer is specifically used for diagnosis disease and usually filledwith m ercury or alcohol. Procedur : Put the thermometer under tongue or arm pit or anus and Wait about 3-5 minutes 3. Termometer Digital Definition : Due to technological developments so that the principles were created digital thermometer works with other thermometers that expansion. Function : The measuring body themperature but the digital thermometer using a metal as a temperature sensor Procedur : there is a digital thermometer using a metal as a temperature sensor which thenexpands and pemuaiannya is translated by the electronic circuit and displayed in the form of numbersthat can be read directly. 4. STETHOSCOPE Definition : The stethoscope is an instrument used for auscultation, or listening to sounds produced by the body Function : It is used primarily to listen to the lungs, heart, and intestinal tract. It is also used to listen to blood flow in peripheral vessels and the heart sounds of developing fetuses in pregnant women. Procedur : Using a stethoscope, the listener can hear normal and abnormal respiratory, cardiac, pleural, arterial, venous, uterine, fetal and intestinal sounds.

Intramuscular Injection Definition : An intramuscular injection is an injection given directly into the central area of a specific muscle. In this way, the blood vessels supplying that muscle distribute the injected medication via the cardiovascular system. Function : Intramuscular injection is used for the delivery of certain drugs not recommended for other routes of administration, for instance intravenous, oral, or subcutaneous. Procedur : In contrast, medication injected into muscle tissues is absorbed less rapidly and takes effect more slowly that medication that is injected intravenously. This is favorable for some medications. Electrocardiography Definition : The electrocardiography unit, also called an electrocardiograph, is an apparatus that indirectly measures the heart's electrical activity and records it as a graphic tracing. Function : Electrocardiography is used to detect heart-function abnormalities Procedur : The unit commonly includes multiple electrodes and leads (often 12, but as few as three), a galvanometer to measure the electrical signal, an amplifier and filter to convert the faint electrical signal to one that can be seen, a computer screen or oscilloscope to display the output, and an ink-and-paper arrangement to produce hard copies of the signal. 5. Incubator care Definition : incubation care depends on ability of neonates to sustain and adopt in external environment. Function : incubator used of keeping and caring a neonate in incubator are 1.Maintenance of thermoneutral ambient temperature 2.Provision of desired humidity and oxygenation 3.Observation of very sick neonates 4.Isolation newborn babies from infections, unfavorable external environment and stimulations. Procedur : Application of oil or liqud paraffins to the skin of the babies either inside the incubator or outside reduces the heat loss by 50%. If is very essential for baby

to obtain an ideal environment for growth and development, basically survival itself. Bandages Definition : Bandages and dressings are both used in wound management. A bandage is a piece of cloth or other material used to bind or wrap a diseased or injured part of the body. Function : Bandages can be used to hold dressings in place, and also to relieve pain and generally make the patient comfortable. Procedur : bandages are useful to provide ongoing pressure on varicose veins, fractured ribs, swollen joints, etc. 6. Catheter Definition : an instrument to take out urine, it has two kinds of chateter.This is chateter for man and woman Function : to take out urine Procedure : give the chateter with smoothes oil on its tip and then enter with slowly 7. Spuit Definition : An instrument for injection or enter medicine to body Function : For injection or enter medicine to body Procedure : Hold this spuit that lighted needle and then enter the needle in skin Enter the needle and area skin 8. Laringoskop Definition : An instrument for combact windpipe in order extandly and order easy to given oxigen Function : For combat windpipe in order extandly and easy to given oxigen. Procedure : Open the mouth on the patient with right hand laringoskop shake on left hand laringoskop leave enter in right mouth. Tongue on patient push in the mouth Start handle with left hand and will be look evolu faring and epiglottis Start epiglottis so look antenoid that colour white. 9. Hospital Medical Furniture Definition : NET brand hospital furniture are designed and produced keeping safety, multitude of applications and functions in mind. Elegant looks, innovative designs and utility are highlights of our healthcare furniture.

: for make patients feel comfortable during their stay in hospital or the surgery/post surgery as well, They not only help surgeons to perform the critical surgery with utmost safety of patient. Procedur : Hospital furniture along with modern medical equipments have important role to play in health care. 10. Heart equipment Definition : An instrument for ticking the miokard with electronic and for the maintain thorb of heart Function :For ticking the miokard with electronic For the maintain thorb of the heart Procedure :Check thorb of the heart Protect ekstremitas Check rhytm strip and back to unit every for hour. 11. Endotrakeal Pipe Definition : And instrument for combat trickle out in windpipe Function : For combat trikcle cut in wind pipe Procedure : Pipe enter with right hand to pass right mouth to ballon pipe in windpipe Before enter pipe,we request for pressure larig to posterlor so the windpipe clear.If disturb then steril to pull. In ventilasi ive right hand for pomp the ballon and left hand check pipe and then ballon pipe is checking and laringoskop out. 12. Nafuder Definition : An instrument used pinching sewing that used to suture Function : To pinching sewing that sewing to suture Procedur : Clamp the sewing toght And then suture be careful 13. Speculum Definition : An instrument used to open the vagina Function : To adopted the sewing work Procedure : Enter speculum in vagina with aslant and than turn and open speculum to see inside of the vagina

Function

14. Sphygmamonometer Definition : An instrumet used for measuring blood pressure

Function : To measuring blood pressure Procedure : Stick manset on right or left arm 15. Pinset situsi Definition : An instrument used to adopted the sewing work Function : To adopted the sewing work Procedure : Adopted the sewing threat one by one and be careful reach all threat liberated 16. Weelchair Definition : An instrument used to help patient walk Function : To help patient walk Procedure : Move the patient from bed to wheelchair And then to can walk push that weelchair

17. Stomach Tube Definition : An space equipment for wash rubbish in the stomach Function : For rubish in the stomach Procedure : Enter space on the stomach tube to part stomach so rubish in the stomach can be o ut 18. Doftone Definition : An instrument for listen throb of the heard on baby in pregnancy Function : For listen throb of the heard on baby pregnancy Procedure : Doptone to stake in left and right in bottom centre

19. Infusion Definition : Fluid put in the body Function : To fluid put in to the body Procedure : Connect liquit in infuse set and then do pick on this vena. 20. Siebold Sensor Definition : An instrument to cut klavicula and usually after baby on presentation Function : To cut klavicula and usually after baby on presentation and reveal with difficult because shoulder wide Procedure : Go into one hand to vagina and hids hold klavicula. 21. Trolley Definition : Wheeled vehichlefoe carrying goods

very

Function

: To bring equipments for carrying goods

Procedure :1.Laid equipment and trolley 2 . The sterile equipment is put on on the top shelf 3 And then bring the trolley with push it 22. Tensimeter Definition : The medical instrument that used to measure blood measure Function : To measure blood pressure Procedure : 1.Pump the manset that rolled in shoulder 2.Down pressureon the manset be careful so arthery open again and blood can flaw in for arm 3.Find the pulse of sytolic using a stethoscope 4.Release the manset for upper arm.