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Tema IV
NOTE DE CALCUL:
n 8 := a 0 :=
Sa se proiecteze fundatia radier a unei constructii cu sctructura din diafragme conform schitei:
Incarcarile din diafragme la cota -2.80m sunt :
Axele : A-D
P
25
kN
m
0.1 n
kN
m
+ 25.8
kN
m
= := Q
15
kN
m
0.1 n
kN
m
+ 15.8
kN
m
= :=
1-6
P
k16
30
kN
m
0.1 n
kN
m
+ 30.8
kN
m
= := Q
k16
17
kN
m
0.1 n
kN
m
+ 17.8
kN
m
= :=
B-C
P
kBC
45
kN
m
0.1 n
kN
m
+ 45.8
kN
m
= := Q
kBC
20
kN
m
0.1 n
kN
m
+ 20.8
kN
m
= :=
2-3-4-5
P
k2345
25
kN
m
0.1 n
kN
m
+ 25.8
kN
m
= := Q
k2345
15
kN
m
0.1 n
kN
m
+ 15.8
kN
m
= :=
la nivelul incarcarilor de la subsol incarcarea utila
q
k
2
kN
m
2
0.1 n
kN
m
2
+ 2.8
kN
m
2
= :=
Cota terenului amenajat C.T.A
0.40 m
Stratificatia terenului este :

k1
18.5
kN
m
2
:=
0.00....... 0.60
teren vegetal
0.60 m
.......
7.00m
nisip praofs galben auriu

k2
18.2
kN
m
2
:= e 0.85 := '
k2
17deg := c'
k2
5kPa := E
2
7500 :=
7.00 m
.........
12.00m
argila prafoasa galbuie verzuie plastic consistenta

k3
18.7
kN
m
2
:= I
c
0.65 := '
k3
12deg := c'
k3
20kPa :=
E
3
12000kPa :=
Fundatia se va verifica si dimensiona dupa SR EN 1997-1
L
max
5.40m := L
min
2.40m :=
h
r
max
1
8
1
12
,
|

\
|
|
.
L
max
0.675 m = := H
r
1.2m := l'
c
0.2 L
max
1.08 m = :=
Aleg
l
c
1.35m :=
L
r
5 4.2 m 2 l
c
+ 23.7 m = := B
r
L
min
2L
max
+ 2 l
c
+ 15.9 m = :=
Conditia de rigiditate
Beton C30/37
0.2 := E
s
7500kPa :=

s
0.3 := E 32GPa 32000000 kPa = :=
K
G
12 1
2

( )

1
s
2

E
s
E

L
r
2 H
r

\
|
|
.
2

B
r
2 H
r

6.0218833 = := K
G
8
L
r
B
r
s 1 =
8
L
r
B
r
6.553 =
2 Metoda reducerii incarcarilor in centrul de greutate al radierului

1.3 :=
c
1.25 :=
G
1.35 :=
Q
1.5 :=

1.25 :=
P
P

G
34.83
1
m
kN = := Q
Q

Q
23.7
1
m
kN = :=
P
d16
P
k16

G
41.58
1
m
kN = := Q
d16
Q
k16

Q
26.7
1
m
kN = :=
P
dBC
P
kBC

G
61.83
1
m
kN = := Q
dBC
Q
kBC

Q
31.2
1
m
kN = :=
P
d2345
P
k2345

G
34.83
1
m
kN = := Q
d2345
Q
k2345

Q
23.7
1
m
kN = :=
q
d
q
k

Q
4.2
kN
m
2
= :=
G
f

G
B
r
L
r
H
r
25
kN
m
3
15261.615 kN = :=
Q
dp

G
277.2 m
2
q
k
1.048 10
3
kN = :=
P
total
P
2 21 m P
d16
2 13.2 m + P
dBC
2 21 m + P
d2345
4 13.2 m + 6996.456 kN = :=
Q
total
Q
2 21 m Q
d16
2 13.2 m + Q
dBC
2 21 m + Q
d2345
4 13.2 m + 4262.04 kN = :=
V
d
P
total
Q
total
+ Q
dp
+ G
f
+ 27567.927 kN = :=
Evaluarea capacitatii portante in conditii drenate
c'
d
c'
k2

c
4 kPa = := '
d
atan
tan '
k2
( )

\
|
|
.
13.744 deg = :=
0deg :=
N
q
e
tan '
d
( )
tan 45deg
'
d
2

\
|
|
.
2
1.328 = :=
N
c
N
q
1
( )
cot '
d
( )
5.431 = :=
N

2 N
q
1
( )
tan '
d
( )
0.161 = :=
b
q
1 tan '
d
( )

( )
1 = :=
bc b
q
1 b
q

( )
N
c
tan '
d
( )

1 = :=
S
q
1
B
r
L
r
|

\
|
|
.
sin '
d
( )
+ 1.159 = :=
s

1 0.3
B
r
L
r
|

\
|
|
.
0.799 = :=
s
c
S
q
N
q
1
( )
N
q
1
1.645 = :=
m1
2
B
r
L
r
+
1
B
r
L
r
+
1.598 = :=
H
1
0 :=
A
.
B
r
L
r
376.83 m
2
= :=
i
q
1
H
1
V
d
1
kN
A
.
1
m
2.
c'
d

1
kPa
cot '
d
( )
+

\
|
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
|
|
|
.
m1
1 = :=
i
c
i
q
1 i
q

V
d
1
kN
tan '
d
( )

1 = :=
i

1
H
1
V
d
1
kN
A
.
1
m
2
c'
d

1
kPa
cot '
d
( )
+

\
|
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
|
|
|
.
m1 1 +
1 = :=
D
f
4.1m :=

med
22
kN
m
3
:=

d2
18.2kPa :=
b
2
1 := L
rr
23.7 :=
q2 D
f

med
90.2
kN
m
2
= :=
R
d.A.2
c'
d
N
c
bc s
c
i
c
q2 N
q
b
q
S
q
i
q
+ 0.5
d2
L
rr
N

b
2
s

+ 202.323
kN
m
2
= :=
V'
d
73.157
kN
m
2
:=
V
d
A
.
73.157
kN
m
2
=
V
d
A
.
R
d.A.2
<
q
k
2.8
kN
m
2
= q
d1
q
k
1.5 4.2
kN
m
2
= :=
bet
25
kN
m
3
:=
g
k
H
r

bet
30
kN
m
2
= := g
d
q
k
1.35 3.78
kN
m
2
= :=
Deschidere A-B
Momente in camp
M
1x
24.99kN m :=
M
2x
2.98kN m :=
M
1y
17.44kN m :=
M
2y
9.96kN m :=
Momente pe reazeme
Placa 1 Placa 2
M
1sus
48.05kN m := M
2sus
11.8kN m :=
M
1jos
48.05kN m := M
2jos
25.56kN m :=
M
1st
38.89kN m := M
2st
19.86kN m :=
M
1dr
38.9kN m := M
2dr
19.94kN m :=
Procentul minim de armare
P
min
0.15% H
r
1 m 18 cm
2
= :=
Stratul de acoperire
Armatura inferioara Armatura superioara
C 10mm :=

i
20mm :=
s
20mm :=
C
min
max
i
15mm , 10mm ,
( )
20 mm = := C
min
max
s
15mm , 10mm ,
( )
20 mm = :=
C
nom.s
C
min
C + 30 mm = :=
C
nom.i
C
min
C + 30 mm = :=
d
s
H
r
C
nom.s

i

s
2
1.14 m = :=
d
i
H
r
C
nom.i

i
2
1.16 m = :=
Calculul armaturilor
f
ctm
2.9
N
mm
2
:=
f
ck
20
N
mm
2
:= f
cd
f
ck
1.5
13.333
N
mm
2
= :=
Clasa de beton C20/25
f
y
500
N
mm
2
:= f
yd
f
y
1.15
434.783
N
mm
2
= :=
Otel S500
Armatura in camp
Placa 1
Pe directia X

M
1x
1m d
i
2
f
cd

0.001393 = :=
1 1 2 1.394 10
3
= :=
A
slx
1 m d
i

f
cd
f
yd
0.496 cm
2
= :=
Pe directia Y

M
1y
1m d
i
2
f
cd

0.000972 = :=
1 1 2 9.725 10
4
= :=
A
sly
1 m d
i

f
cd
f
yd
0.346 cm
2
= :=
Armatura pe reazeme

M
1sus
1m d
i
2
f
cd

0.002678 = :=
1 1 2 2.682 10
3
= :=
A
sl
1 m d
i

f
cd
f
yd
0.954 cm
2
= :=

M
1jos
1m d
i
2
f
cd

0.002678 = :=
1 1 2 2.682 10
3
= :=
A
sl
1 m d
i

f
cd
f
yd
0.954 cm
2
= :=

M
1st
1m d
i
2
f
cd

0.002168 = :=
1 1 2 2.17 10
3
= :=
A
sl
1 m d
i

f
cd
f
yd
0.772 cm
2
= :=

M
1dr
1m d
i
2
f
cd

0.002168 = :=
1 1 2 2.171 10
3
= :=
A
sl
1 m d
i

f
cd
f
yd
0.772 cm
2
= :=
Armatura in camp
Placa 2
l
1
2.40m := l
2
21m :=
l
2
l
1
8.75 =
l
2
l
1
2 >
armare pe o singura directie

M
1y
1m d
i
2
f
cd

0.000972 = :=
1 1 2 9.725 10
4
= :=
A
sl
1 m d
i

f
cd
f
yd
0.346 cm
2
= :=
Se alege
Datorita procentului minim de armare de 0.15% din fiecare fata se alege
P
min
18 cm
2
=
Pentru armarea in camp 14/16
Pentru armarea pe reazam 14/16
Lungimea de ancorare
c
nom
3cm :=
14mm :=
c
d
min c
nom
14cm ,
( )
30 mm = :=
f
bd
2.7
N
mm
2
:=
l
b.rqd
0.25
f
yd
f
bd
563.607 mm = :=

1
1 :=

2
1 0.15
c
d

( )

0.829 = :=

3
1 0.05 1 0.95 = :=

4
0.7 :=

5
1 :=
l
bd

1

2

3

4

5
l
b.rqd
0.311 m = :=
0kPa