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NORMA TECNICA DATA AUTORI TITOLO

UNI EN 14080:2005 20/10/2005


LEGNO Strutture di legno - Legno lamellare incollato - Requisiti Timber structures - Glued laminated timber - Requirements

SOMMARIO

La presente norma la versione ufficiale in lingua inglese della norma europea EN 14080 (edizione giugno 2005). La norma specifica i requisiti per il legno lamellare incollato utilizzato nelle strutture portanti.La norma fornisce anche la metodologia per la valutazione di conformit e la marcatura del legno lamellare incollato.

TESTO DELLA NORMA


CLASSIFICAZIONE ICS CLASSIFICAZIONE ARGOMENTO PARZIALMENTE SOSTITUITA GRADO DI COGENZA STATO DI VALIDITA' COLLEGAMENTI INTERNAZIONALI LINGUA PAGINE PREZZO EURO

79.060.99 AA10D07

In vigore EN 14080:2005 Inglese 35 Non Soci 57,00 Euro - Soci 28,50 Euro

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Strutture di legno
NORMA EUROPEA

Legno lamellare incollato


Requisiti

UNI EN 14080

OTTOBRE 2005 Timber structures

Glued laminated timber


Requirements La norma specica i requisiti per il legno lamellare incollato utilizzato nelle strutture portanti. La norma fornisce anche la metodologia per la valutazione di conformit e la marcatura del legno lamellare incollato.

TESTO INGLESE

La presente norma la versione ufciale in lingua inglese della norma europea EN 14080 (edizione giugno 2005).

ICS
UNI Ente Nazionale Italiano di Unicazione Via Battistotti Sassi, 11B 20133 Milano, Italia

79.060.99

UNI Riproduzione vietata. Tutti i diritti sono riservati. Nessuna parte del presente documento pu essere riprodotta o diffusa con un mezzo qualsiasi, fotocopie, microlm o altro, senza il consenso scritto dellUNI. www.uni.com UNI EN 14080:2005 Pagina I

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PREMESSA NAZIONALE
La presente norma costituisce il recepimento, in lingua inglese, della norma europea EN 14080 (edizione giugno 2005), che assume cos lo status di norma nazionale italiana. La presente norma stata elaborata sotto la competenza della Commissione Tecnica UNI Legno La presente norma stata raticata dal Presidente dellUNI ed entrata a far parte del corpo normativo nazionale il 20 ottobre 2005.

Le norme UNI sono elaborate cercando di tenere conto dei punti di vista di tutte le parti interessate e di conciliare ogni aspetto conittuale, per rappresentare il reale stato dellarte della materia ed il necessario grado di consenso. Chiunque ritenesse, a seguito dellapplicazione di questa norma, di poter fornire suggerimenti per un suo miglioramento o per un suo adeguamento ad uno stato dellarte in evoluzione pregato di inviare i propri contributi allUNI, Ente Nazionale Italiano di Unicazione, che li terr in considerazione per leventuale revisione della norma stessa. Le norme UNI sono revisionate, quando necessario, con la pubblicazione di nuove edizioni o di aggiornamenti. importante pertanto che gli utilizzatori delle stesse si accertino di essere in possesso dellultima edizione e degli eventuali aggiornamenti. Si invitano inoltre gli utilizzatori a vericare lesistenza di norme UNI corrispondenti alle norme EN o ISO ove citate nei riferimenti normativi. UNI EN 14080:2005 UNI Pagina II

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EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPENNE EUROPISCHE NORM


ICS 79.060.99

EN 14080

June 2005

English version

Timber structures - Glued laminated timber - Requirements


Structures en bois - Bois lamell coll - Exigences Holzbauwerke - Brettschichtholz - Anforderungen

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 25 April 2005. CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member. This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions. CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMIT EUROPEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPISCHES KOMITEE FR NORMUNG

Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels

2005 CEN

All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members.

Ref. No. EN 14080:2005: E

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

Contents

Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................4 1 2 3 4 4.1 4.2 4.2.1 4.2.2 4.2.3 4.2.4 4.3 4.4 4.4.1 4.4.2 4.5 4.5.1 4.5.2 4.5.3 4.6 4.7 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 6 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................5 Normative references .........................................................................................................................5 Terms and definitions.........................................................................................................................6 Requirements ......................................................................................................................................7 Performance requirements.................................................................................................................7 Strength and stiffness properties of glued laminated timber..........................................................7 General ................................................................................................................................................7 Verification from tests with glued laminated timber ........................................................................7 Verification from calculations and documented properties of the laminations .............................7 Classification from lamination properties.........................................................................................8 Bonding strength of large finger joints .............................................................................................8 Durability against biological attack ...................................................................................................8 Natural durability.................................................................................................................................8 Glued laminated timber treated against biological attack ...............................................................8 Bonding strength of end joints and glue lines .................................................................................8 General ................................................................................................................................................8 End joints in the laminations .............................................................................................................9 Glue lines.............................................................................................................................................9 Reaction to fire....................................................................................................................................9 Formaldehyde emission .....................................................................................................................9 Evaluation of conformity ....................................................................................................................9 General ................................................................................................................................................9 Initial type testing or assessment......................................................................................................9 Factory production control ..............................................................................................................10 Marking and labelling .......................................................................................................................11

Annex A (normative) Determination of 5-percentile characteristic values from test results and acceptance criteria for a sample......................................................................................................13 A.1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................13 A.2 Determination of the lower 5-percentile characteristic value ........................................................13 A.2.1 General ..............................................................................................................................................13 A.2.2 Method ...............................................................................................................................................13 A.3 Acceptance criteria for a sample .....................................................................................................14 A.3.1 Requirements ....................................................................................................................................14 A.3.2 Method ...............................................................................................................................................14 Annex B (normative) Formaldehyde classes..............................................................................................16 B.1 General ..............................................................................................................................................16 B.2 Initial classification and factory production control ......................................................................16 B.3 Requirements for the formaldehyde classes ..................................................................................16 Annex C (normative) Tests and requirements for one-component moisture curing PU adhesives for the production of glued laminated timber with glue line thickness not greater than 0,5 mm ...............................................................................................................................................18 C.1 General ..............................................................................................................................................18 C.2 Short and medium term strength tests and requirements.............................................................18 C.2.1 Tests for the determination of bond strength in longitudinal tensile shear .................................18 C.2.2 Tests for the determination of resistance to delamination ............................................................19

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

C.2.3 C.2.4 C.2.5 C.3 C.3.1 C.3.2 C.3.3 C.3.4 C.4 C.4.1 C.4.2 C.4.3 C.5 C.5.1 C.5.2 C.5.3 C.5.4 C.6

Tests for the determination of the effect of acid damage to wood fibres by temperature and humidity cycling on the transverse tensile strength ..............................................................19 Tests for the determination of the effect of wood shrinkage on the shear strength ...................19 Tensile shear strength at low and high temperatures....................................................................19 Long-term sustained load test at cyclic climate conditions with specimens loaded perpendicular to the glue line ..........................................................................................................20 General description ..........................................................................................................................20 Manufacture of specimens...............................................................................................................20 Test procedure and climate conditions...........................................................................................21 Requirements ....................................................................................................................................22 Long-term sustained load test at different climate conditions with specimens loaded in shear parallel to the glue line...........................................................................................................22 Specimens .........................................................................................................................................23 Test procedures ................................................................................................................................23 Evaluation and requirements ...........................................................................................................24 Creep test at cyclic climate conditions with specimens loaded in bending shear ......................26 General ..............................................................................................................................................26 Specimen build-up and manufacture ..............................................................................................26 Test set-up and test procedure........................................................................................................26 Requirements ....................................................................................................................................27 Application of the adhesive in the production of glued laminated timber ...................................27

Annex D (normative) Determination of properties of use of the adhesive ...............................................28 D.1 Determination of the conventional assembly time.........................................................................28 D.2 Determination of the conventional pressing time ..........................................................................28 D.3 Determination of the initial dynamic viscosity ...............................................................................28 D.4 Tests on influence of open and closed assembly times on shear strength.................................28 Annex E (normative) Reaction to fire: Euroclass without the need for further testing ...........................30 Annex ZA (informative) Clauses of this European Standard addressing the provisions of the EU Construction Products Directive .....................................................................................................31 Z.1 Scope and relevant characteristics .................................................................................................31 Z.2 Procedure for the attestation of conformity....................................................................................32 Z.2.1 System of attestation of conformity ................................................................................................32 E.1 bending strength; .............................................................................................................................33 E.2 compressive strength;......................................................................................................................33 E.3 tensile strength; ................................................................................................................................33 E.4 shear strength;..................................................................................................................................33 E.5 bonding strength of the laminate end joints, glue lines and large finger joints; .........................33 E.6 durability of the wood;......................................................................................................................33 E.7 formaldehyde class...........................................................................................................................33 Z.2.2 Specific tasks of the notified body ..................................................................................................33 Z.2.3 Certificate and Declaration of Conformity ......................................................................................34 Z.3 CE Marking ........................................................................................................................................35

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

Foreword
This European Standard (EN 14080:2005) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 124 Timber Structures, the secretariat of which is held by SFS. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2005, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by March 2007. This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

Scope

This European Standard specifies the requirements for glued laminated timber for use in load bearing structures. It also specifies the requirements for large finger joints in the glued laminated timber. This European Standard specifies the requirements for glued laminated timber produced from untreated timber or from timber treated against biological attack.

Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 301:1992, Adhesives, phenolic and amino plastic, for load-bearing timber structures Classification and performance requirements EN 302-1, Adhesives for load-bearing timber structures Test methods Part 1: Determination of bond strength in longitudinal tensile shear strength EN 302-2, Adhesives for load-bearing timber structures Test methods Part 2: Determination of resistance to delamination EN 302-3:2004, Adhesives for load-bearing timber structures Test methods Part 3: Determination of the effect of acid damage to wood fibres by temperature and humidity cycling on the transverse tensile strength EN 302-4, Adhesives for load-bearing timber structures Test methods Part 4: Determination of the effect of wood shrinkage on the shear strength ENV 302-5, Adhesives for load-bearing timber structures Test methods Part 5: Determination of the conventional assembly time EN 302-6:2004, Adhesives for load-bearing timber structures Test methods Part 6: Determination of the conventional pressing time EN 302-7, Adhesives for load-bearing timber structures Test methods Part 7: Determination of the conventional working life EN 350-1, Durability of wood and wood-based products Natural durability of solid wood Part 1: Guide to the principles of testing and classification of the natural durability of wood EN 350-2, Durability of wood and wood-based products Natural durability of solid wood Part 2: Guide to natural durability and treatability of selected wood species of importance in Europe EN 384, Structural timber Determination of characteristic values of mechanical properties and density EN 385:2001, Finger jointed structural timber Performance requirements and minimum production requirements EN 386:2001, Glued laminated timber Performance requirements and minimum production requirements EN 387:2001, Glued laminated timber Large finger joints Performance requirements and minimum production requirements

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

EN 390, Glued laminated timber Sizes Permissible deviations EN 408, Timber structures Structural and glued laminated timber Determination of some physical and mechanical properties EN 717-1, Wood-based panels Determination of formaldehyde release Part 1: Formaldehyde emission by the chamber method EN 1194:1999, Timber structures Glued laminated timber Strength classes and determination of characteristic values EN 13501-1, Fire classification of construction products and building elements Part 1: Classification using test data from reaction to fire tests EN 13238, Reaction to fire tests for building products Conditioning procedures and general rules for selection of substrates EN 14358, Timber structures - Fasteners and wood-based products - Calculation of characteristic 5-percentile values and acceptance criteria for a sample prEN 15228, Structural timber Structural timber preservative treated against biological attack

Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms and definitions given in EN 385:2001, EN 386:2001 and EN 387:2001 together with the following apply. 3.1 characteristic density population lower 5-percentile value with mass and volume corresponding to equilibrium moisture content at a temperature of 20 C and a relative humidity of 65 % 3.2 characteristic strength population lower 5-percentile value obtained from the results of tests with a duration of 300 s using test pieces at an equilibrium moisture content resulting from a temperature of 20 C and a relative humidity of 65 % 3.3 characteristic bending strength of glued laminated timber strength related to a depth of 600 mm 3.4 characteristic tensile strength of glued laminated timber strength parallel to the grain related to a width of 600 mm 3.5 characteristic compression strength of glued laminated timber strength parallel to the grain 3.6 characteristic shear strength of glued laminated timber 3 strength related to a specimen with a uniformly stressed volume of 0,000 5 m 3.7 characteristic modulus of elasticity of glued laminated timber population mean value obtained under the same climate conditions as defined in 3.1

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

4
4.1

Requirements
Performance requirements

Glued laminated timber shall comply with the performance requirements given in Clause 5 of EN 386:2001. All products shall have deviations from target sizes within the tolerances of EN 390. Large finger joints in glued laminated timber shall comply with the performance requirements given in Clause 5 of EN 387:2001.

4.2
4.2.1

Strength and stiffness properties of glued laminated timber


General

Characteristic values for strength in bending, tension parallel to the grain, compression parallel to the grain and shear, and modulus of elasticity in bending shall be verified by one of the following methods: a) tests as described in 4.2.2; b) calculations based on documented strength and stiffness properties as described in 4.2.3; c) classification from the properties of the laminations as described in 4.2.4. Where glued laminated timber has been produced to meet the requirements of a strength class in EN 1194, the above characteristic values shall be taken from the tables in EN 1194:1999. 4.2.2 Verification from tests with glued laminated timber

When testing glued laminated timber for strength, the tests shall be in accordance with EN 1194:1999, 6.2. The characteristic values shall be derived in accordance with the methods given in Annex A of this document. The representative sample shall be of a size n not less than 30 selected from at least three batches. The declared characteristic tensile or bending strength of the laminate end joints shall be documented from at least 100 specimens. End joints in all lamination grades shall be tested. The sample of each grade shall be at least 200 taken from at least three batches. If the end joint strength is within 20 % of the value predicted from the equations in 6.3.2 and Annex A of EN 1194:1999 the sample size may be reduced to at least 100. 4.2.3 Verification from calculations and documented properties of the laminations

When using calculations to determine strength properties, the characteristic strength properties and the mean value of the modulus of elasticity of the glued laminated timber shall be determined from calculations based on documented properties of the laminations and their end joints. The representative sample of timber from at least three different sources shall be of a size n in accordance with EN 384 and shall be not less than a total of 300. The declared characteristic tensile or bending strength of the laminate end joints shall be documented. End joints in all lamination grades shall be tested. The sample size of each grade shall be at least 100. For horizontally laminated glued laminated timber with four or more laminations the calculation method given in 6.3 of EN 1194:1999 shall be used.

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

4.2.4

Classification from lamination properties

When classifying from lamination properties, the glued laminated timber shall be allocated to a strength class based on lamination properties as described in EN 1194.
NOTE EN 1194:1999, Annex B gives the glulam strength class for a given strength class of the timber.

4.3

Bonding strength of large finger joints

The bonding strength of large finger joints shall be evaluated as the bending strength of the joints. For large finger joints with a specific geometry in the glued laminated member made from a specific species the characteristic bending strength of the joints in straight beams shall be derived from tests in accordance with EN 408. The sample size n shall be not less than 20 selected from at least four batches. The specimens and the testing of large finger joints shall be in accordance with Clause 8 of EN 387:2001. The characteristic bending strength shall be calculated from Annex A of this document. For the initial type testing of large finger joints produced with a finger geometry and a wood species for which the characteristic bending strength has been determined previously, the number of finger joint samples shall be at least five and they shall be taken from joints in glued laminated timber of the highest strength to be produced.

4.4
4.4.1

Durability against biological attack


Natural durability

The natural durability of the wood, from which the glued laminated timber is manufactured, against biological attacks shall be assessed in accordance with EN 350-1 and EN 350-2. 4.4.2 Glued laminated timber treated against biological attack

Provisions related to preservative treated timber against biological attack are given in prEN 15228.

4.5
4.5.1

Bonding strength of end joints and glue lines


General

The adhesive shall be capable of producing strong and durable joints so that the integrity of the bond is maintained throughout the intended lifetime of the structure for the defined service class. Acceptable strength and durability can be achieved by the use of: polycondensation adhesive of the phenolic or aminoplastic type as defined in EN 301; polyurethane adhesive tested and assessed in accordance with the requirements given in Annex C of this document. Adhesives of type I according to EN 301 may be employed for structural members to be used in all Service Classes. Adhesives of type II according to EN 301 may only be used for Service Class 1 and 2 provided the temperature of the member in the structure will always be below 50 C.

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

4.5.2

End joints in the laminations

The bonding strength of the end joints shall be tested in flat wise bending or tension as described in EN 408. The characteristic bending strength shall be in accordance with Annex A of this document. The compliance criteria of EN 1194:1999, 6.3.2 shall be fulfilled. 4.5.3 Glue lines

The bonding strength of the glue lines shall be tested as a glue line integrity test according to one of those defined in EN 386:2001, 5.5. The compliance criteria of EN 386:2001, 5.5 shall be fulfilled.

4.6

Reaction to fire

Where the manufacturer wishes to claim performance (e.g. when the product is subject to regulatory requirements), the glued laminated timber with or without large finger joints shall be either: tested and classified in accordance with EN 13501-1. Testing shall be carried out as specified by the relevant test standards cited in EN 13501-1; classified without further testing (CWFT) for glued laminated timber covered by Annex E.

4.7

Formaldehyde emission

The glued laminated timber produced using a formaldehyde-containing adhesive shall be classified in accordance with EN 717-1 and Annex B of this document. Testing shall be carried out with the relevant wood species. According to Annex B of this document, glued laminated timber may be classified into Class E1 or E2.

5
5.1

Evaluation of conformity
General

The compliance of glued laminated timber, with or without large finger joints, with the requirements of this document and the declared values (including classes) shall be demonstrated by: initial type testing or assessment; factory production control by the manufacturer.

5.2

Initial type testing or assessment

Initial type testing or assessment shall be performed to demonstrate conformity to this document. Properties which shall be tested and/or assessed are stated in Table 1. For initial type testing, the bonding strength of end joints in the laminations, glue lines and large finger joints shall be verified by testing and evaluating specimens from a representative sample drawn from the production of the manufacturer. One sample shall be drawn from each production line.

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

For glued laminated timber the strength properties (bending, tensile, compression and shear), modulus of elasticity and durability shall be verified either from tests of samples drawn from the production of the manufacturer, or from tests of glued laminated timber produced from the same species, grades and adhesives. For large finger joints the bending strength and durability shall be verified either from tests of samples drawn from the production of the manufacturer, or from tests of large finger joints in glued laminated timber produced from the same species, grades, adhesives and finger profile in the large finger joint. Where testing has previously been performed according to the requirements of this document (same product, same characteristics, test method, sampling procedure, system of attestation of conformity, etc.), such testing may be taken into account for the purpose of initial testing. Initial type testing or assessment shall also be carried out on products when a change in the basic materials or manufacturing procedures affects the declared properties. New tests or assessments shall only be performed for those characteristics affected by the change, not necessarily all characteristics. Where evaluation is by calculation (4.2.3) or classification from lamination properties (4.2.4), the lamination properties shall be determined according to 4.2.3. If a change of lamination properties is such as to change the calculated strength or classification, the calculation or classification shall be repeated.

5.3

Factory production control

The manufacturer shall establish, document and maintain a factory control scheme to ensure that the products placed on the market conform to the stated performance characteristics. Subsequently, any fundamental changes in basic materials, manufacturing procedures or the control scheme that affects the properties or use shall be recorded in a manual. The manual shall include the factory production control procedures relevant to the declared properties, as confirmed by the initial tests or calculations. The factory control procedures shall consist of a system for the permanent internal control of the production of the products to ensure that the products subsequently placed on the market comply with this document and the declared values. The continuous internal control shall consist of: inspections, checks and tests and the utilisation of the results to control equipment, raw or incoming materials and the production process; inspections, checks and tests on samples from the finished products or parts of them. The scheme for the factory production control for a traditional production of glued laminated timber in Clause 7 of EN 386:2001 can be used. The scheme for the production control for large finger joints in glued laminated timber in Clause 7 of EN 387:2001 can be used. These schemes will need to be supplemented to take into consideration any special production methods, conditions, materials or functional requirements. The factory production control defined in these two standards shall be documented and implemented. Any deviations shall be noted and recorded. Procedures to be followed when control values and criteria are not met shall be established. The manufacturer shall document from calibration tests his capability to select specimens and to conduct the tests prescribed by EN 386 and/or EN 387. The sample size is given in Table 1.

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

Table 1 Properties to be tested or assessed Properties to be tested or assessed Testing and assessment method given in clause Number of specimens Compliance criteria

Glued laminated timber: bending strength, compressive strength, tensile strength, shear strength and modulus of elasticity Bonding strength: bending strength of large finger joints

4.2

According to 4.2

The characteristic values estimated according to 4.2 shall be larger than the declared values The characteristic bending strength according to 4.3 shall be larger than the declared value The requirement for the declared durability Class 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 shall be fulfilled. See 4.4.1 The requirements for the declared use class number shall be fulfilled. See 4.4.2

4.3

According to 4.3

Natural durability

4.4.1

According to EN 350-1

Glued laminated timber treated against biological attack Bonding strength End joints in laminations Glue line integrity

4.4.2

see prEN 15228

4.5.2 4.5.3

15 10 full cross sectional specimens CWFT or according to EN 13501-1 According to EN 717-1

According to 4.5.2 According to 4.5.3 The requirements for the declared class shall be fulfilled The requirements for the declared class shall be fulfilled

Reaction to fire Formaldehyde emission

4.6 4.7

Marking and labelling

Products complying with this document shall be clearly marked on the product or on a durable label with the following information: a) number of this document; b) identity of the manufacturer, logo or name; c) characteristic values. This may be done by reference to a documented strength profile or a strength class defined in EN 1194; d) adhesive type, e.g. I or II according to EN 301; e) production week and year.

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

In exceptional cases, the end use may require marking to be omitted for aesthetic reasons. In such cases, when the customer specifically requests or orders the glued laminated timber to be free from marks, each delivery shall be dispatched under the cover of a document stating the following minimum information in addition to that listed in a) to e) above: f) customers name and address; g) customers purchase order number; h) dimensions and quantities of the delivered glued laminated timber. Where Z.3 covers the same information as this clause, the requirements of this clause are met.

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

Annex A (normative) Determination of 5-percentile characteristic values from test results and acceptance criteria for a sample

A.1 Scope
This annex gives a method for calculating the 5-percentile characteristic value from test results for a population, and a method to estimate whether the 5-percentile value for a sample drawn from the production is below a declared value.
NOTE This annex has been elaborated because no other European Standard covers the scope. As soon as EN 14358 covering the above scope has been implemented, this standard will be used instead of Annex A.

A.2 Determination of the lower 5-percentile characteristic value


A.2.1 General
The 5-percentile value shall be estimated as the lower endpoint in the one-sided 84,1 % confidence interval assuming a log-normal distribution. The coefficient of variation shall not be taken as less than 0,10.

A.2.2 Method
Draw a sample of n test pieces from the population, and test the pieces in accordance with the appropriate standard for the property called x. Determine the mean value m{x} and the coefficient of variation v{x}. Estimate the characteristic value xk as: xk = k1 m{x} where k1 = exp{ -(2,645+1/n) v{x} + 0,15} The value of v{x} shall not be taken as less than 0,10. Values of k1 are given in Table A.1.
NOTE The value determined by Equations (A.1) and (A.2) is the highest value the producer may declare as the characteristic value. If the product is subject to a quality control procedure involving testing and evaluation as described in Equation A.3 it may be advisable to declare a lower value to avoid an unreasonable rejection rate.

(A.1)

(A.2)

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

Table A.1 Factor k1 as a function of the calculated coefficient of variation and sample size Coefficient of variation v{x} 0,10 0,12 0,14 0,16 0,18 0,20 0,22 0,24 0,26 0,28 0,30 15 0,869 0,820 0,774 0,730 0,689 0,650 0,613 0,579 0,546 0,515 0,486 20 0,872 0,823 0,778 0,734 0,693 0,655 0,618 0,584 0,551 0,520 0,491 Sample size n 30 0,876 0,828 0,782 0,739 0,698 0,660 0,624 0,589 0,557 0,526 0,497 50 0,879 0,832 0,787 0,744 0,704 0,665 0,629 0,595 0,563 0,532 0,504 100 0,883 0,836 0,791 0,749 0,709 0,671 0,635 0,601 0,569 0,539 0,510

0,892 0,846 0,802 0,761 0,721 0,684 0,649 0,615 0,584 0,554 0,525

A.3 Acceptance criteria for a sample


A.3.1 Requirements
The probability of accepting a sample with a 5-percentile value less than 95 % of the declared characteristic value fk should be less than 15,9 % assuming a log-normal distribution. It is assumed that the value of the coefficient of variation is known, e.g. from a running production control. The coefficient of variation shall not be taken as less than 0,10.

A.3.2 Method
Draw a sample of n test pieces from the batch, and test them in accordance with the appropriate standard for the property called x. Calculate the mean value m{x} and the coefficient of variation v {x}. The sample shall be accepted if: m{x} k2 xk where k2 = exp{ (2,645+1/n) v{x} - 0,1875} (A.4) (A.3)

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

Values of k2 are given in Table A.2. Table A.2 Factor k2 as a function of the calculated coefficient of variation and sample size Coefficient of variation v{x} 0,10 0,12 0,14 0,16 0,18 0,20 0,22 0,24 0,26 0,28 0,30 3 1,14 1,22 1,30 1,39 1,48 1,58 1,68 1,80 1,92 2,04 2,18 5 1,13 1,20 1,28 1,36 1,45 1,54 1,64 1,74 1,85 1,97 2,10 10 1,11 1,18 1,25 1,33 1,41 1,50 1,59 1,69 1,79 1,90 2,02 Sample size n 20 1,10 1,17 1,25 1,31 1,39 1,47 1,56 1,65 1,75 1,85 1,96 50 1,10 1,16 1,23 1,30 1,37 1,45 1,53 1,62 1,71 1,81 1,91 100 1,09 1,15 1,22 1,29 1,36 1,44 1,52 1,60 1,69 1,79 1,89

1,08 1,14 1,20 1,27 1,34 1,41 1,49 1,57 1,65 1,74 1,84

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

Annex B (normative) Formaldehyde classes

B.1 General
For the production of glued laminated timber an adhesive containing formaldehyde is used in some cases.
NOTE 1 Glued laminated timber products are known to release little or no formaldehyde. Internal control is only carried out if there are changes in the production with regard to the glue system. However, it remains the responsibility of the manufacturer to ensure compliance with the declared formaldehyde content class.

Where such formaldehyde containing adhesives are used, the subsequent release of formaldehyde shall be assessed by testing according to EN 717-1 or be classified as E2 without testing. The evaluation of emission shall be carried out for each combination of adhesive and wood species. The testing in a chamber shall be carried out with a loading factor of 0,3 m2/m3. A test chamber with a volume of 1 m3 should be used. For such a chamber the following size of a glued laminated member should be used: width x depth x length = 90 mm x 200 mm x 517 mm. (B.1)

The lamination thickness shall be 40 mm. All dimensions shall have a tolerance of 2 mm. The ends of the specimen shall be sealed. According to the results, the product shall be classified into one of two classes: E1 or E2 (see B.3).
NOTE 2 In conventional structures under typical conditions of use, glued laminated timber conforming to formaldehyde emission Class E1 is unlikely to result in an indoor air concentration exceeding 0,1 ppm HCHO. NOTE 3 It is envisaged that the adhesive manufacturer will provide the documentation to the manufacturer of glued laminated timber.

B.2 Initial classification and factory production control


Once initial classification has been obtained by testing, factory production control of the production may be carried out by checking that only adhesives for which an initial classification has been carried out are used. This shall be done by inspecting the received adhesives.

B.3 Requirements for the formaldehyde classes


The maximum values of the steady state emission values for glued laminated timber complying with formaldehyde emission Classes E1 or E2 are given in Table B.1.

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

Table B.1 Definition of formaldehyde emission classes Formaldehyde class E1 E2 Maximum steady state emission values in mg HCHO/ m3 air 0,13 > 0,13

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

Annex C (normative) Tests and requirements for one-component moisture curing PU adhesives for the production of glued laminated timber with glue line thickness not greater than 0,5 mm

C.1 General
This annex specifies the tests and requirements for one-component moisture curing PU adhesives for the production of glued laminated timber members made from softwoods with glue line thickness not greater than 0,5 mm. The PU adhesive can be used for finger joints in the laminations and for the production of glued laminated members by bonding the laminations. PU adhesives can be classified as a type I or a type II adhesive as defined in EN 301 when fulfilling the requirements given in this annex.
NOTE This annex has been elaborated because no other European Standard covers the scope. As soon as a European Standard covering the above scope has been implemented, this standard will be used instead of Annex C.

C.2 Short and medium term strength tests and requirements


C.2.1 Tests for the determination of bond strength in longitudinal tensile shear
Tests to determine the bond strength in longitudinal tensile shear shall be performed in accordance with EN 302-1, except that the thickness of the thick glue lines shall be changed from 1,0 mm to 0,5 mm. The tensile shear strength values of glue line thickness 0,1 mm (thin glue line) shall conform to the requirements specified in EN 301. For the glue line thickness of 0,5 mm, the requirements given in Table C.1 apply. Table C.1 Requirements for minimum mean tensile shear strength in N/mm2 for treatments A1-A5 defined in EN 301 Treatment A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 Adhesive type I 9 5 7,2 5 7,2 II 9 5 7,2 -

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

C.2.2 Tests for the determination of resistance to delamination


Tests to determine the resistance to delamination shall be performed in accordance with EN 302-2 and the results shall meet the requirements given in that standard.

C.2.3 Tests for the determination of the effect of acid damage to wood fibres by temperature and humidity cycling on the transverse tensile strength
In accordance with EN 301, the tests are only required for PU-adhesives with a pH value less than 4,0. If tests are required, they shall be performed according to EN 302-3 and shall meet the requirements given in EN 301.

C.2.4 Tests for the determination of the effect of wood shrinkage on the shear strength
Tests to determine the effect of wood shrinkage on the shear strength shall be performed in accordance with EN 302-4 and shall meet the requirements given in EN 301.

C.2.5 Tensile shear strength at low and high temperatures


Specimens shall be in accordance with EN 302-1 but the thickness of the thick glue lines shall be changed from 1,0 mm to 0,5 mm. The principle of the test procedure shall be in accordance with EN 302-1. The treatment of the specimens, which differs from EN 302-1, is specified below. For each of the temperature conditions B1, B2 and B3 specified in Table C.2, a set of 10 specimens per glue line thickness shall be tested. The tests shall be carried out not earlier than 10 days after specimen manufacture. Prior to conditioning, each set of specimens exposed to climates B1, B2, B3 shall be wrapped air tight in order to prevent a change in mean wood moisture content. The tests shall be performed immediately after the end of the respective conditioning time at the same temperature condition. The requirements specified in Table C.3 shall be fulfilled. Table C.2 Temperature conditions for low and high temperature tests Temperature condition B1 B2 B3 Temperature C - 35 to - 30 + 50 + 70 Conditioning time h 24 48 48

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

Table C.3 Requirements for minimum mean shear strength in low and high temperature tests Minimum mean shear strength (N/mm2) Temperature condition 0,1 mm joint Type I B1 B2 B3 10 8 Type II 10 9,5 0,5 mm joint Type I 9 6,5 Type II 9 7,2 -

For adhesives of Type II, testing and assessment according to temperature condition B3 may be omitted. For adhesives of Type I, testing and assessment according to temperature condition B2 may be omitted.

C.3 Long-term sustained load test at cyclic climate conditions with specimens loaded perpendicular to the glue line
C.3.1 General description
The tests shall be performed with specimens according to EN 302-3. As a change to EN 302-3, the specimens are made from beech wood with glue line thickness of 0,1 mm and 0,5 mm. The beech wood boards from which the specimens are cut shall be free from knots, straight grained and shall have a density larger than 650 kg/m3 at 20 C/65 % rh. The timber prior to specimen manufacture shall be conditioned in a climate chamber at storage conditions of (20 2) C and (65 5) % rh; the moisture content shall be within the limits of (12 1) %. The manufacture of the specimens shall conform to the specifications given in C.3.2.

C.3.2 Manufacture of specimens


In total, 5 sticks with a cross-section of 50 x 60 mm2 and a length of about 700 mm, enabling the cutting of 8 test specimens and 2 reserve specimens from each stick of the specimen type described in EN 302-3, shall be manufactured for each glue line thickness. The ten specimens for each test are therefore made up of two specimens (see Figure C.1) from each stick. Figure C.1 gives a view of the stick and of the cutting scheme for its subdivision into 10 specimens for the determination of the tensile strength perpendicular to the glue line. The manufacture and build-up of the sticks shall follow the scheme shown in Figure C.2a and C.2b. The annual ring orientation of both components glued together shall be roughly co-linear and shall be in the range of 30 to 60.

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

C.3.3 Test procedure and climate conditions


The test procedure consists of the following test series: a) short term testing of a control batch BC of 10 specimens in ramp loading. The specimens are tested after 14 days of conditioning in (20 2) C and (65 5) % rh subsequent to gluing; b) long-term testing of 3 batches BD3, BD6, BD12, each with 10 specimens, whereby each batch is subjected to a different duration of load time being 3, 6 and 12 months. All batches are subjected to the same cyclic climate and to the same constant stress level specified below. At the end of each load period, all specimens of the respective batch not having failed are tested for residual tensile strength perpendicular to the glue line in ramp loading. Constant stress equal in all 3 duration of load times shall be 1 N/mm related to the net cross-section of 25 x 50 mm2. Cyclically stepped climate shall vary stepwise with 24 hours step length between two climates (10 2) C and (90 5) % rh, and (35 2) C and (40 5) % rh. The specimens tested for residual strength after removal of the constant long-term load shall be conditioned at least for 2 weeks in climate (20 2) C and (65 5) % rh before ramp loading. Dimensions in millimetres
2

BC-I-1

Key 1) 2) 3) 4) Reserve Current specimen number Number of timber piece Test batch For detail of cutting see Clause 5 and Figure 2 in EN 302-3:2004.

NOTE

Figure C.1 Cutting scheme and numbering of specimens

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

Dimensions in millimetres

Figure C.2 Cutting scheme of the components of the sticks

C.3.4 Requirements
The mean tensile strength perpendicular to the grain of the control batch BC and of each of the batches BD3, BD6 and BD12 tested for residual strength after 3, 6 and 12 months of duration of load shall not be less than 5,5 N/mm2. In each batch tested in long-term loading only one specimen may fail within each of the respective load duration periods. In case a specimen has failed in long-term loading, the mean value of the residual strength of the respective batch shall be calculated from the remaining 9 specimens.

C.4 Long-term sustained load test at different climate conditions with specimens loaded in shear parallel to the glue line
The test method covers the determination of time dependent properties of structural adhesives in wood-towood bonds when specimens are subjected to: 1) 2) different shear stress levels in (50 2) C and (75 5) % rh, shear stress level of 3 N/mm in (80 2) C and rh below 10 %.

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

The test method has been developed to: 1) 2) predict the shear stress corresponding to a median time to failure of 10 000 h at 50 C and 75 % rh, and to determine that the median time to failure at 80 C exceeds 1 000 h for specimens produced with the tested adhesive.

C.4.1 Specimens
Boards 150 mm wide and 700 mm long with a thickness of 17 mm are bonded face-to-face. Beech (Fagus sylvatica) with a density at (12 1) % moisture content greater than 650 kg/m shall be used. The bond thickness shall be equal to or less than 0,1 mm. The timber shall, prior to the bonding, be conditioned in a climate chamber at (20 2) C and (65 5) % rh so that the moisture content is (12 1) %. The annual ring orientation of the boards shall be at 60 to 90 in relation to the bonded surface. Specimens with a geometry as shown in Figure C.3 are cut from the bonded members. The surfaces "A" and "B" shall be parallel to each other. A scribe mark is made across the glue line for measurement of displacement. The number of specimens required is given in C.3.2. Dimensions in millimetres

NOTE

The width is 25 mm in order to create a test surface of 25 mm x 25 mm area.

Figure C.3 Specimen geometry

C.4.2 Test procedures


Each specimen is placed in a test tube in which load is maintained by means of a spring during the test, see Figure C.4. The spring shall have an outer diameter of 45 mm to 50 mm. It is recommended that the spring is dimensioned to have a compression between 10 mm and 20 mm at the maximum stress level. Prior to application of the load, the tube with the specimen in place shall be stored in the test climate for three hours for the specimen to reach equilibrium temperature. With the specimen in place, the load is applied by means of a universal testing machine on the loading shaft. When the desired load level on the test specimen is reached, the shaft is fixed with the locking nut. The tube is placed in the test climate and time-to-failure is recorded via a micro-switch at the bottom of the tube. The two following tests are carried out:

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

1)

Measurement of time-to-failure at different shear stress levels in (50 2) C and (75 5) % rh. Specimens are loaded at for instance 8 N/mm, 7 N/mm, 6 N/mm and 5 N/mm shear stress (10 specimens at each level). Measurement of time-to-failure and creep at 3 N/mm in (80 2) C and <10 % rh (10 specimens). A microscope is needed to measure the displacement of a scribe mark across the bond to measure creep.

2)

C.4.3 Evaluation and requirements


The median time-to-failure for each stress level is calculated. For the tests in a climate of (50 2)C and (75 5) % rh, the linear relationship between shear stress and log median time to failure at each load level is determined. Using this relationship the median shear stress at 10 000 h is predicted. The predicted shear stress value shall be equal to or greater than 3 N/mm. For the test in a climate of (80 2)C and < 10 % rh, the median time to failure shall be equal to or greater than 1 000 h. In addition to this, the median creep deformation at 1 000 h shall be 0,05 mm or less.

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

Key 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) Loading shaft Retainer screws Locking nut Cylinder Upper bearing block Shear specimen Lower bearing and retainer block Retainer screws Lower base Micro switch Failure pin Specimen viewing ports Spring Loading block Lock nut ports Upper retainer block

Figure C.4 Test apparatus with specimen in place

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

C.5 Creep test at cyclic climate conditions with specimens loaded in bending shear
C.5.1 General
The tests shall be performed with bending specimens of constant cross-section subjected to constant load at cyclically varying climate conditions.

C.5.2 Specimen build-up and manufacture


The specimen consists of 2 laminations of spruce wood of equal sizes. The thickness, width and length of the lamination shall be 25 mm x 50 mm x 600 mm. From one board of spruce with a width of about 150 mm and a length of at least 1 250 mm one pair of 2 matched bending specimens shall be manufactured according to the scheme shown in Figure C.5. One specimen of the pair shall be glued with the one-component polyurethane tested for assessment and the other specimen of the pair shall be glued with an adhesive of thermosetting phenolic-resorcinol type conforming to the requirements for an adhesive of type I as specified in EN 301. In total, 5 pairs of matched bending specimens shall be manufactured with a glue line thickness of 0,5 mm. Dimensions in millimetres

Figure C.5 Cutting scheme and build-up of a matched pair of bending shear specimens

C.5.3 Test set-up and test procedure


The bending tests shall be performed as four point bending tests with the loads applied with a distance of one third of the span of 500 mm from the supports. Each of the two loads shall be 2 000 N. The loading shall be applied symmetrically with respect to mid-span. The loading procedure shall be smooth and no impact loading shall occur. The specimens shall be subjected to a cyclic stepped climate alternating repeatedly between constant climate of (20 2) C and (85 5) % rh, followed by a climate of (45 2)C and (40 5) % rh; each climate step shall last for 1 week.

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

The bearing lengths at the supports and at the load application points shall be at least 60 mm and the bearing width shall be at least 50 mm. The accuracy of the employed dial gauges shall enable readings to 1/100 of a mm. The mid-span deflection of each bending specimen shall be recorded at the middle of the edge in tension. The deflections shall be recorded immediately after initial loading and subsequently at least once every second week. The initial deflection is denoted by w0, the deflections at times t are denoted by w(t). For each specimen and deflection recording the relative creep shall be calculated according to:

kdef (t) = (w(t)/w0) 1

(C.1)

For each of the five pairs of matched bending specimens, the ratio of the relative creep value kdef(t) of the specimen glued with polyurethane adhesive against the specimen glued with the phenolic resorcinol adhesive

RCi (t) = kdef(t), PU / kdef (t), PRF

i = 1, ..., 5

(C.2)

shall be determined. The loading shall be sustained at least for 26 weeks (i.e. 13 cycles). If the specified relative creep ratio requirement, given below, is not met, the loading shall continue for a second period of 26 weeks.

C.5.4 Requirements
The average ratio of the relative creep values of all five matched bending specimen pairs shall be evaluated for time t = 26 weeks according to:

CR mean (26 weeks ) =

1 5

5 1

(k def (26weeks ), PU / k def (26weeks ),

PRF )

(C.3)

and shall not be larger than 1,12. If the requirement is fulfilled, the test is completed. In case a larger average ratio is obtained, the loading may be continued for a second period of 26 weeks and a second assessment shall be performed after 52 weeks of loading. The average ratio of the relative creep value after 52 weeks, CRmean (52 weeks), shall not be larger than 1,15.

C.6 Application of the adhesive in the production of glued laminated timber


The adhesive manufacturer shall specify how the adhesive shall be used during the production processes. The information provided by the manufacturer shall include: conventional assembly time; conventional pressing time; dynamic viscosity; effect of assembly time on shear strength.

This specification shall be elaborated based on appropriate tests. A set of appropriate tests is defined in Annex D which, if followed, shall be followed normatively. However, other sets of appropriate tests may also be used instead of those given in Annex D.

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

Annex D (normative) Determination of properties of use of the adhesive

D.1 Determination of the conventional assembly time


The conventional assembly time shall be tested in accordance with ENV 302-5. The mean open assembly time shall be specified.

D.2 Determination of the conventional pressing time


The conventional pressing time shall be determined in accordance with EN 302-6 although, in addition to the specifications in Table 1 of EN 302-6:2004, extra tests with curing times less than four hours shall be performed where the adhesives mean shear strength is larger than 4 N/mm2 after four hours curing time in climate 20 C/65 % rh. In this case, at least one extra test with a curing time of two hours is necessary. The values for the minimum pressing times at the three tested climates, assessed according to EN 302-6, shall be specified.

D.3 Determination of the initial dynamic viscosity


The initial dynamic viscosity shall be determined by testing in accordance with the specifications in EN 302-7, except that only the initial value of the dynamic viscosity in the three climates shall be tested. The initial value of the dynamic viscosity shall be declared.

D.4 Tests on influence of open and closed assembly times on shear strength
The effect of open and closed assembly times on shear strength shall be assessed after finalization of the tests specified in D.1. The tests shall be performed with specimens according to EN 302-1, treatment A1, with thin glue lines (0,1 mm). In each of the test series specified in Table D.1, a number of 10 specimens shall be tested not earlier than 7 days after manufacture of the specimens. The test specimens shall be produced at 20 C and 65 % rh. Table D.1 Times for determination of maximum assembly time Test series Open assembly time Closed assembly time min min 6.1 5 1 6.2 15 1 6.3 30 1 6.4 40 1 6.5 50 1 6.6 60 1 6.7 1 5 6.8 1 15 6.9 1 30 6.10 6.11 6.12 1 40 1 50 1 60

In case the result of the tests specified in D.1 exceeds an assembly time of 60 min, the open and closed assembly times given in Table D.1 shall be adjusted appropriately. The adjustment shall be such that a total of at least 12 test series covering the time range between minimum assembly time (test series 6.1) and expected maximum assembly time are tested.

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

The tests shall be evaluated with respect to shear strength and failure mode. The mean value and the coefficient of variation of each test series shall be determined. The maximum total assembly time specified by the manufacturer of the adhesive shall not lead to mean strength values which are less than those specified for treatment A1 in Table 2 of EN 301:1992. Additionally, the results of the performed tests shall not differ significantly with respect to mean value, coefficient of variation and percentage of wood failure from the results obtained in the tests according to C.2.

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

Annex E (normative) Reaction to fire: Euroclass without the need for further testing

Structural glued laminated timber meeting the provisions of Table E.1 may be classified in the reaction to fire class indicated therein, without the need for further testing. Table E.1 Class of reaction to fire performance for structural glued laminated timbera Material Glued laminated timber
a

Product detail Glued laminated timber products in accordance with this document

Minimum mean density c 3 (kg/m ) 380

Minimum overall thickness (mm) 40

Class b

D-s2, d0

Applies to all species and glues covered by the product standard. Class as provided for in Table 1 of the annex to Decision 2000/147/EC. Conditioned according to EN 13238.

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

Annex ZA (informative) Clauses of this European Standard addressing the provisions of the EU Construction Products Directive

Z.1 Scope and relevant characteristics


This European Standard has been prepared under Mandate M/112 "Structural timber products and ancillaries" given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. The clauses of this European Standard, shown in this annex, meet the requirements of the Mandate M/112 given under the EU Construction Products Directive (89/106/EEC). Compliance with these clauses confers a presumption of fitness of the construction product covered by this European Standard for its intended uses. This annex has the same scope as Clause 1 of this standard. WARNING: Other requirements and other EU Directives, not affecting the fitness for intended uses, can be applicable to the construction products falling within the scope of this European Standard.
NOTE 1 In addition to any specific clauses relating to dangerous substances contained in this standard, there may be other requirements applicable to the products falling within its scope (e.g. transposed European legislation and national laws, regulations and administrative provisions). In order to meet the provisions of the EU Construction Products Directive, these requirements need also to be complied with, when and where they apply. NOTE 2 An informative database of European and national provisions on dangerous substances is available at the Construction web site on EUROPA (accessed through http://europa.eu.int/comm/enterprise/construction/internal/ dangsub/dangmain.htm).

Construction product: Intended use:

Structural glued laminated timber (with or without large finger joints). Buildings and bridges.

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

Table Z.1 Relevant clauses Essential characteristic Modulus of elasticity Bending strength Compressive strength Tensile strength Shear strength Durability Bonding strength Reaction to fire Emission of dangerous substances Clause 4.1 and 4.2 4.1 and 4.2 4.1 and 4.2 4.1 and 4.2 4.1 and 4.2 4.1 and 4.4 4.1, 4.3 and 4.5 4.6 4.7 A1 to F End use class Declared either as specific values or as a strength class Levels and/or classes Notes

Z.2 Procedure for the attestation of conformity


Z.2.1 System of attestation of conformity
The system of attestation of conformity of structural glued laminated timber indicated in Table Z.1, as given in Annex III of the mandate for "Structural timber products and ancillaries", is shown in Table Z.2 for the indicated intended uses and relevant classes. Table Z.2 Attestation of conformity system Attestation of conformity system

Products Structural glued laminated timber (with or without large finger joints)

Intended use

Levels or classes Euroclasses for reaction to fire

Buildings and bridges Formaldehyde classes

System 1: See CPD Annex III.2.(i), without audit-testing of samples.

Regarding the initial type testing of the products, the task for the approved laboratory will be limited to the assessment of the following characteristics: 1) 2) Euroclass characteristics for reaction to fire; bonding strength of the laminate end joints, glue lines and large finger joints.

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EN 14080:2005 (E)

For the continuous surveillance, assessment and approval of the factory production control, parameters related to the following characteristics, as relevant, shall be of interest of the approved body (the notified body): 1) 2) Euroclass characteristics for reaction to fire; modulus of elasticity;

E.1 bending strength; E.2 compressive strength; E.3 tensile strength; E.4 shear strength; E.5 bonding strength of the laminate end joints, glue lines and large finger joints; E.6 durability of the wood; E.7 formaldehyde class.
For the initial inspection of the factory and the factory production control, parameters related to all characteristics of Table Z.1, relevant for the intended use, shall be of interest of the notified body.

Z.2.2 Specific tasks of the notified body


Z.2.2.1 The tasks of the notified body are to attest conformity of the initial type testing and to assess the documentation of the declared characteristics, to attest conformity with this standard and to supervise the factory production control, to check the quality of the end joints, the glue lines and the large finger joints to get such an insight in the production that the notified body can issue or maintain an attestation of conformity document. A minimum of two inspections per year shall be carried out. These shall be unannounced unless special conditions necessitate an announcement. The attestation of conformity concerning the specifications given in EN 301 or in Annex C of this standard shall be based on tests performed at a recognised glue-testing institute. The notified body shall have access to all storage and production rooms, and the manufacturer shall answer any technical questions. The notified body shall regard any technical information acquired as confidential.
NOTE The manufacturer may be required to forward, at certain intervals, some production information and test results to the notified body.

The notified body shall inspect and verify the manufacturers factory production control system to ensure that the manufacturers declared values of all relevant characteristics given in Table Z.1 are maintained. The notified body shall verify and certify the results of the initial type testing of bonding strength and reaction to fire, if tested.

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Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNIEDIL STRUTTURE edizione 2006.2 E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 14080:2005 (E)

Z.2.2.2 During the inspections, the documentation and the factory production control of the following shall be inspected and checked: 1) 2) 3) 4) raw material; production in accordance with the stated requirements of this standards; components of glued laminated timber members, such as end joints, laminations, glue lines and large finger profiles; finished glued laminated timber members and large finger joints.

The notified body shall prepare a report of each inspection.

Z.2.3 Certificate and Declaration of Conformity


When compliance with the conditions of this annex is achieved, the certification body shall draw up a certificate of conformity (EC Certificate of conformity), which entitles the manufacturer to affix the CE marking. The certificate shall include: name, address and identification number of the certification body; name and address of the manufacturer, or his authorised representative established in the EEA, and place of production; description of the product (type, identification, use, ...); provisions to which the product conforms (i.e. Annex ZA of this EN); particular conditions applicable to the use of the product (e.g. provisions for use under certain conditions); number of the certificate; conditions of validity of the certificate, where applicable; name of, and position held by, the person empowered to sign the certificate. In addition, the manufacturer shall draw up a declaration of conformity (EC Declaration of conformity) including the following: name and address of the manufacturer, or his authorised representative established in the EEA; name and address of the certification body; description of the product (type, identification, use, ...), and a copy of the information accompanying the CE marking; provisions to which the product conforms (i.e. Annex ZA of this EN), and a reference to the ITT report(s) and factory production control records (if applicable); particular conditions applicable to the use of the product (e.g. provisions for use under certain conditions); number of the accompanying EC Certificate of conformity; name of, and position held by, the person empowered to sign the declaration on behalf of the manufacturer or of his authorised representative.

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Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNIEDIL STRUTTURE edizione 2006.2 E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 14080:2005 (E)

The declaration and certificate shall be presented in the language(s) accepted in the Member State of use of the product.

Z.3 CE Marking
The manufacturer or his authorised representative established within the EEA is responsible for the affixing of the CE marking. The CE marking symbol to affix shall be in accordance with Directive 93/68/EC and shall be shown on the product or on a label attached to it. The following information shall accompany the CE marking symbol on the product or a label attached to it, except as provided for in Clause 6: items a), b), c) and d) of Clause 6; number of the certificate of conformity; timber species.

The CE marking symbol shall also be shown on the accompanying commercial documents and shall contain, in addition to the above, the following information: number of the notified body; last two digits of the year of affixing the CE-marking; formaldehyde class (if relevant); reaction to fire class according to EN 13501-1; timber species, durability class. For untreated timber, the durability class with reference to EN 350-2 or 'Durability NPD' (No performance determined), for treated timber, to the marking required by prEN 15228.

Figures Z.1 and Z.2 give examples of the marking to appear on the accompanying commercial documentation. Figure Z.3 gives an example of the information to appear on the product.

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Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNIEDIL STRUTTURE edizione 2006.2 E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 14080:2005 (E)

CE conformity marking, consisting of the CE-symbol given in Directive 93/68/EEC. Identification number of the certification body 01234 GlulamCo A/S, P.O. Box 12, DK 1234 05 01234-CPD-00234 EN 14080 Name or identifying mark and registered address of the producer Last two digits of the year in which the marking was affixed Certificate number No. of European Standard

Glued laminated timber, Strength Class GL 32 Adhesive Type I according to EN 301 Spruce: Picea abies Formaldehyde class: Class E1 Reaction to fire: Class D-s2,d0 Durability Class: 4

Description of product and information on regulated characteristics

Figure Z.1 Example CE marking information using a strength class

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Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNIEDIL STRUTTURE edizione 2006.2 E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 14080:2005 (E)

CE conformity marking, consisting of the CE-symbol given in Directive 93/68/EEC. Identification number of the certification body

01234 GlulamCo A/S, P.O. Box 12, DK 1234 05 01234-CPD-00234 EN 14080

Name or identifying mark and registered address of the producer Last two digits of the year in which the marking was affixed Certificate number No. of European Standard

Glued laminated timber Adhesive Type I according to EN 301 Spruce: Picea abies Bending strength Compression strength Tensile strength Shear strength Modulus of elasticity 35 MPa 31 Mpa 24 MPa 4,8 MPa 13 500 MPa

Description of product and information on regulated characteristics

Formaldehyde class: Class E1 Reaction to fire: Class D-s2,d0 Durability Class: 4 Figure Z.2 Example CE marking information using a special strength profile

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Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNIEDIL STRUTTURE edizione 2006.2 E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 14080:2005 (E)

CE conformity marking, consisting of the CE-symbol given in Directive 93/68/EEC.

GlulamCo A/S, P.O. Box 12, DK 1234 01234-CPD-00234 EN 14080

Name or identifying mark and registered address of the producer Certificate number No. of European Standard

Glued laminated timber, Strength Class GL 32 Adhesive Type I according to EN 301 Spruce: Picea abies

Description of product and information on regulated characteristics

Figure Z.3 Example CE marking information to be shown on the product

In addition to any specific information relating to dangerous substances shown above, the product should also be accompanied, when and where required and in the appropriate form, by documentation listing any other legislation on dangerous substances for which compliance is claimed, together with any information required by that legislation.
NOTE European legislation without national derogations need not be mentioned.

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Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNIEDIL STRUTTURE edizione 2006.2 E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNIEDIL STRUTTURE edizione 2006.2 E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

UNI Ente Nazionale Italiano di Unicazione Via Battistotti Sassi, 11B 20133 Milano, Italia

Riproduzione vietata - Legge 22 aprile 1941 N 633 e successivi aggiornamenti.