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CHAPTER 22 – DRILLING AND GROUTING

 

Notes:

1.

Rates include all lead and lift for all materials.

2.

The rates for drilling are inclusive of cost of taking out cores, logging, labeling and preservation of cores, maintained in serial order and painting depths on cores and on the core box, and protection of drill holes till final measurements.

3.

All items where use of water is required are inclusive of water charges and Air charges and no separate payment is to be made for.

4.

Rates for drilling are inclusive of taking out relatively undisturbed sample (penetration samples) in soil.

5.

Rates for drilling are exclusive of the cost of special washing and conducting percolation tests.

6.

When casing pipes are to be left permanently in the holes, rate for drilling shall be inclusive of labour for fixing casing pipes, but exclusive of the cost of casing pipes.

7.

The rates for drilling are inclusive of all charge for fixing casing pipes, to the extent necessary and taking out the same after final measurement.

8.

Measurements – (a) The linear dimensions shall be measured correct to the nearest 0.01 m. The area shall be worked out in sqm correct to two places of decimal and cubical contents in cum correct to two places of decimal.

(b) The measurement for all types of grouting shall be made on the basis of cement in the grout actually forced into the holes.

(c) The method of recording the details of grouting operation and determining the quantity of grout consumed may be adopted as under

(i) For measurement of the quantity of grout injected in each hole, a grout history sheet on proforma given below shall be recorded giving grout intake per minute, viscosity of grout mix in form of solids and water ratio, pressure of injection, time of pumping in water for lubrication, event of blowing of grout, to keep the grouting system alive. In addition, various other points of importance observed during the operation, of grouting are recorded for every 5-10 minutes intervals and thus the grout history sheet when plotted as shown in Fig. 1 shall depict the exact amount of grout injected.

Actually this graph from the grout history sheet should be plotted and form the basis of measurement and payment on actual basis and depict the factual amount of grout injected. The area under the curve shall represent the quantity of grout actually injected. A register shall be maintained of 100 such sheets. Each sheet shall be machine numbered on both sides.

suitably. The grout should not be allowed to leak more than 5 percent by visual judgment.

(iii)

Measurement of cement, blown off and circulated in the grout lines, shall be separately recorded in mass of cement actually used for purposes of accounting the cement actually used for the enabling works.

(iv)

In case of stage grouting of the hole, cement grouted in each stage shall be summed up.

enabling works. (iv) In case of stage grouting of the hole, cement gr outed in each

Typical Proforma for Grout History Sheet

Date 16-12-1989

Sr.

Feature and RD. of Hole

Hole

Depth

Method

Pressures

Grout

Time

 

Rate of

Remarks

No

No.

Drilled

Specified

 

Used

Consistency

consumption

about

   

the type

of

leakage

 

Consolidation

         

Water

     

grouting of

Cement ratio

Concrete

by volume

Dam.

1

100.00 m

Fg-

3.0 m

Descending

1.5 kg/cm 2

3/4 kg/cm 2

10:1

8.00

AM

50

L/min

No

stage

   

Leakage

(packer)

 

1 kg / cm 2

 

8.02

AM

50

L / min

 

1 kg / cm 2

 

8.05

AM

40

L /

min

 

1 kg / cm 2

 

8.10

AM

42

L / min

 

1 kg / cm 2

 

8.20

AM

30

L / min

 

1 kg / cm 2

 

8.40

AM

20

L / min

 

1.5

kg / cm 2

 

8.45

AM

20

L / min

 

1.5

kg / cm 2

 

8.50

AM

10

L / min

 

1.5

kg / cm 2

 

9.00

AM

5 L / min

 

1.5

kg / cm 2

 

9.30

AM

Nil

 

1.5

kg / cm 2

 

9.40

AM

Nil

 

9. The following Indian Standards may be referred to :-

I.S

No.

Title

4078-1980

Code of practice for indexing and storage drill cores (first revision) (Reaffirmed2000).

4464-1985

Code of practice for Presentation of drilling information and core description in foundation investigation.

(Reaffirmed2000)

 

4999-1991

Recommendations

for

grouting

of

pervious

soils.

(Reaffirmed1999)

 

5541-1970

Pneumatic

portable

drilling

machine

(with

amendment

No.1). (Reaffirmed1998)

 

6066-1994

Recommendations for pressure grouting of rock foundations in river valley projects. (Reaffirmed2004)

6926-1996

Code of practice for diamond drilling for site investigation for river valley projects. (Reaffirmed2006)

Item No.

Item

Unit

Rate

Remark

2201 (a)Transportation of drilling equipment from place of location to work site and from work site to place of location.

Job

24786.00

 

(b)

Departmental shifting of drilling

 

Item 2201 (b) is for departmental execution

equipment from workshop to

worksite and worksite to

workshop-

 

(i)

Loading into truck

Job

1863.00

(ii)

Unloading from truck

Job

1863.00

(iii)Truck

charges

(distance

Km

Rate as fixed by C. E. E&M

 

counted

from

workshop

to

worksite).

2202 Shifting drilling equipment from one drill hole to another.

Job

1863

Payable for

 

exploratory

 

drilling work

only

2203 Drilling approximately 75 mm dia. Vertical holes by calyx or any other rotary process (except diamond drilling) complete.

(a)

In all strata other than rock

m

1469.00

(b) In all strata like masonry, concrete, rock or similar formation of very hard conglomerate.

m

2203.00

Item No.

Item

Unit

Rate

Remark

2204 Drilling by diamond drilling, holes of minimum 75 mm dia. vertical or at specified Inclination with double tube core barrel in masonry, concrete or rock-

(a)

0° to 10° vertically downwards

m

6480.00

(b)

Exceeding

10°

but

not

m

7128.00

exceeding

45°

vertically

 

downwards.

 

(c)

0° to 45° vertically upwards

 

m

9072.00

(d)

Up to but not including 45° to

m

7776.00

the horizontal.

 

2205 Drilling by diamond drilling, holes of less than 75 mm dia. vertical or at specified inclination with double tube core barrel in masonry concrete or rock-

 

(a)

0° to 10° vertically downwards

m

5832.00

(b)

Exceeding

10°

but

not

m

6426.00

exceeding

45 0

vertically

 

downwards.

 

(c)

0° to 45° vertically upwards

 

m

8154.00

(d)

Up to but not including 45 0 to

m

7020.00

the horizontal.

 

2206 Drilling 35 mm dia. holes in rock by

m

330.00

jack

hammer up to 6 m.

 

2207 Drilling 50 mm dia. holes in rock of depth exceeding 6 m by wagon drill.

m

751.00

2208 Wet percussion drilling 35 to 75

 

mm

dia. holes in open space for

grouting or anchor etc., vertical or at specified inclination, in masonry , concrete or rock including flushing and routine washing of

holes up to 30 minutes-

 

(a)

0° to 10 0 vertically downwards

m

1620.00

(b)

Exceeding

10°

but

not

m

1782.00

exceeding

45°

vertically

 

downwards.

 

(c)

0° to 45 0 vertically upwards

 

m

2268.00

Item No.

Item

Unit

Rate

Remark

 

(d)

Up to but not including 45° to

m

1944.00

the horizontal.

 

2209 Wet percussion drilling 35 to 75

 
 

mm

dia. holes in drainage gallery ,

for grouting or anchor etc., vertical

or

at specified inclination, in

masonry concrete or rock including flushing and routine washing of

holes up to 30 minutes.

 

(a)

0° to 10° vertically downwards

m

2160.00

(b)

Exceeding 10° but not

m

2322.00

exceeding 45° vertically downwards.

 

(c)

0 0 to 45 0 vertically upwards

 

m

2970.00

(d)

Up to but not including 45° to

m

2538.00

the horizontal.

 

2210 Conducting percolation test in the

 
 

drill

holes at the desired pressure,

Including water supply arrangements and necessary accessories etc. complete-

(a) Up to 10 m depth

 

each

459.00

(b)

Beyond 10 m depth for every

each

92.00

Add in item no 2210 (a)

addition

of

10m

depth

or

part

thereof.

 

2211 Conducting standard penetration

 
 

test

in the bore holes at every 1.5

m

interval from the desired

elevation including cost of all

accessories and arranging of

cores from depths as obtained

 

(a)Up

to 10 m depth

 

each

551.00

(b)Beyond 10 m depth for every

each

110.1

Add in item no 2211(a)

addition of

10

m depth

or

part

thereof.

 

2212 Redrilling (wet percussion) set or partially set grout holes for Items no.2208 and 2209.

m

405.00

2213 Special washing of holes, including cleaning, flushing and all related incidental works etc. complete

Per hour

450.00

Item No.

Item

Unit

Rate

Remark

2214 Grouting of 35 to 50 mm dia. holes Per tonne with cement grout mix, at required of cement pressure, including cost of cement and maintenance of all technical records, Incidental works, materials complete.

10956.00

2215 Providing and fixing black steel casing pipe including cutting, threading, etc., complete-

 
 

(a)

50 mm dia

m

459.00

(b)

64 mm dia

m

551.00

(c)

80 mm dia

m

734.00

(d)

100 mm dia

m

1102.00

2216 Providing and installing metal tubing, brass, steel, cast Iron fittings and valves.

Kg

248.00

2217 Supplying and installation of foundation displacement indicator, complete.

each

9180.00

2218 Extra rate for providing wooden core boxes of suitable size for preserving 6 m length of core.

each

1377.00

Payable for

 

exploratory

drilling work

 

only