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Biology The synapse is a junction between neurons where the electrical impulse is converted into a chemical form in order

to add greater coordination to the activities of the nervous system. e.g 1) Synaptic Fatigue where the overstimulation of pain receptors could potentially damage the nervous system. Synaptic vesicles empty of neurotransmitter faster than it can be recycled and no further impulse can pass. 2. Inhibition certain chemicals are allowed in that stop the progressions of the impulse. 3. Excitation the impulse is encouraged to proceed. - Names of regions of the brains and functions. Sensitivity, Coordination + Movement The responses of an organism to a stimulus usually involve movement. Movement may be confined to particles within the cell (intercellular movement), It may involve only part of an organism, or the movement of the entire organism from one place to another. The latter form of movement is called locomotion and is a characteristic of animals and simple plants like some forms of algae. Plants can exhibit non-directional movements of parts of the plant. E.g Sleep movements of leaves and flowers, the opening and closing of stomata occurred due to sensitivity usually because of temperature and light which alter the turgurpressure in parts of the plant. Other plants are sensitive to touch like mimosa pudica whose leaves close in response to a touch stimulus. It is believed that this movement makes the delicate parts of the plant less conspicuous exposing the thorns on the stem. It therefore has some protective value. The Venus flytrap has sensitive trigger hairs on the surface of the leaves which are hinged to fold toward each other. If the insect lands on the leaf they press together tightly and secrete enzymes which digest the prey. The leaves only open again after the insect has been absorbed. Growth movements may also involve tropiziums which are movements is a specific direction. The third type of movement is the movement of the whole organism (taxis) directed by a stimulus. Invertebraes like millipedes earthworms woodlies move their entire bodies toward or away from a stimulus. Woodlyes are sensitive to light and humidity. Cockroaches are sensitive to light and earthworms are sensitive to surface texture. Some animals change their mode of behavior under unfavorable environmental conditions. E.g under dry conditions, woodlyes may crawl together and form an aggregate or clump. This behavior forms a moist microclimate and increases the chances of survival of the group than if they remain separate from each other. Stimulus Light Moisture Response More into dark areas Move into moist areas Aid to Survive Harder to be seen by predators Prevents dessication of the organism if it does not have a waterproof covering Easier to move on rough surfaces

Rough surfaces

Rough surfaces

to escape predators.