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NORMA ITALIANA

Apparecchi non elettrici per atmosfere potenzialmente esplosive


Parte 5: Protezione per sicurezza costruttiva "c"

UNI EN 13463-5

OTTOBRE 2004

Non-electrical equipment intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres


Part 5: Protection by constructional safety "c"

CLASSIFICAZIONE ICS

13.230

SOMMARIO

La norma specica i requisiti per la progettazione e la costruzione di apparecchi non elettrici destinati ad essere utilizzati in atmosfere potenzialmente esplosive protetti dal tipo di protezione sicurezza costruttiva "c".

RELAZIONI NAZIONALI RELAZIONI INTERNAZIONALI

= EN 13463-5:2003 La presente norma la versione ufciale in lingua inglese della norma europea EN 13463-5 (edizione dicembre 2003).

ORGANO COMPETENTE RATIFICA

Commissione "Sicurezza" Presidente dellUNI, delibera del 16 settembre 2004

UNI Ente Nazionale Italiano di Unicazione Via Battistotti Sassi, 11B 20133 Milano, Italia

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UNI EN 13463-5:2004

NORMA EUROPEA
Pagina I

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PREMESSA NAZIONALE
La presente norma costituisce il recepimento, in lingua inglese, della norma europea EN 13463-5 (edizione dicembre 2003), che assume cos lo status di norma nazionale italiana. La Commissione "Sicurezza" dellUNI segue i lavori europei sullargomento per delega della Commissione Centrale Tecnica. Le norme UNI sono revisionate, quando necessario, con la pubblicazione di nuove edizioni o di aggiornamenti. importante pertanto che gli utilizzatori delle stesse si accertino di essere in possesso dellultima edizione e degli eventuali aggiornamenti. Si invitano inoltre gli utilizzatori a vericare lesistenza di norme UNI corrispondenti alle norme EN o ISO ove citate nei riferimenti normativi.

Le norme UNI sono elaborate cercando di tenere conto dei punti di vista di tutte le parti interessate e di conciliare ogni aspetto conittuale, per rappresentare il reale stato dellarte della materia ed il necessario grado di consenso. Chiunque ritenesse, a seguito dellapplicazione di questa norma, di poter fornire suggerimenti per un suo miglioramento o per un suo adeguamento ad uno stato dellarte in evoluzione pregato di inviare i propri contributi allUNI, Ente Nazionale Italiano di Unicazione, che li terr in considerazione, per leventuale revisione della norma stessa.

UNI EN 13463-5:2004

UNI

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EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPENNE EUROPISCHE NORM


ICS 13.230

EN 13463-5

December 2003

English version

Non-electrical equipment intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres - Part 5: Protection by constructional safety c
Appareils non lectriques destins tre utiliss en atmosphres explosibles - Partie 5: Protection par scurit de construction c Nicht-elektrische Gerte fr den Einsatz in explosionsgefhrdeten Bereichen - Teil 5: Schutz durch Konstruktive Sicherheit c

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 1 September 2003. CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member. This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the official versions. CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMIT EUROPEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPISCHES KOMITEE FR NORMUNG

Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels

2003 CEN

All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members.

Ref. No. EN 13463-5:2003 E

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)

Contents
page Foreword......................................................................................................................................................................3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Scope ..............................................................................................................................................................4 Normative references ....................................................................................................................................5 Terms and definitions....................................................................................................................................5 General............................................................................................................................................................5 Requirements for moving parts....................................................................................................................7 Requirements for bearings ...........................................................................................................................8 Requirements for power transmission systems.........................................................................................9 Requirements for clutches and couplings ................................................................................................11 Requirements for brakes and braking systems........................................................................................11 Requirements for springs and absorbing elements.................................................................................12 Requirements for conveyor belts...............................................................................................................12 Marking .........................................................................................................................................................13

Annex A (informative) Examples of some of the thought processes and principles used in the construction of items of equipment protected by 'Constructional Safety' protection .........................14 Annex B (normative) Test requirements .................................................................................................................21 Annex ZA (informative) Clauses of this European Standard addressing essential requirements or other provisions of EU Directives ........................................................................................................................23 Bibliography ..............................................................................................................................................................29

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)

Foreword
This document EN 13463-5:2003 has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 305 Potentially explosive atmospheres - Explosion prevention and protection, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2004, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by June 2004. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. Annex A is informative. Annex B is normative. This document includes a Bibliography. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)

Introduction
Non-electrical equipment has been used for over 150 years in industries having potentially explosive atmospheres and a great deal of experience has been gained in the application of protective measures to reduce the risk of ignition to an acceptably safe level. With the introduction of the ATEX Directive 94/9/EC and the inclusion of non-electrical equipment in its scope, it became necessary to produce ignition protection concept standards which clearly defined these protective measures and incorporated the extensive and diverse experience gained over the years. One of the methods of applying ignition protection, had been to select types of equipment not containing an ignition source in normal service and then apply good engineering principles, so that risk of mechanical failures likely to create incendive temperatures or sparks, was reduced to a very low level. Such protective measures are referred to in this standard as ignition protection by 'Constructional Safety', or type of protection 'c'. The purpose of this standard, is therefore to specify the requirements for equipment, protected by the type of protection 'c' which meets the essential safety and health requirements described in Directive 94/9/EC.

Scope

1.1 This European standard specifies the requirements for the design and construction of non-electrical equipment, intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres, protected by the type of protection Constructional Safety "c". 1.2 This standard supplements the requirements in EN 13463-1, the contents of which also apply in full to equipment constructed in accordance with this standard. 1.3 Equipment complying with the relevant clauses of this standard meet the requirements for the following categories: Equipment Group I Category M2; Equipment Group II Category 2G or 2D; Equipment Group II Category 1G or 1D;

NOTE The requirements for Group I, Category M1 equipment, are given in EN 50303 which specifies the requirements for both electrical and non-electrical equipment.

1.4 The type of ignition protection described in the standard can be used either on it's own or in combination with other types of ignition protection to meet the requirements for equipment of Group I, categories M1 and M2 or Group II, categories 1 and 2 depending on the ignition hazard assessment in EN 13463-1.

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)

Normative references

This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the publication referred to applies (including amendments). EN 982, Safety of machinery - Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components Hydraulics. EN 983, Safety of machinery - Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components Pneumatics. EN 1127-1:1997, Explosive atmospheres - Explosion prevention and protection - Part 1: Basic concepts and methodology. EN 1127-2:2002, Explosive atmospheres - Explosion prevention and protection Part 2: Basic concepts and methodology for mining. EN 13463-1:2001, Non-electrical equipment for potentially explosive atmospheres - Part 1: Basic method and requirements. prEN 13463-6, Non-electrical equipment for potentially explosive atmospheres Part 6: Protection by control of ignition source 'b'. EN 13463-8, Non-electrical equipment for potentially explosive atmospheres Part 8: Protection by liquid immersion 'k'. EN 13478, Safety of machinery - Fire prevention and protection EN 13501-1, Fire classification of construction products and building elements - Part 1: Classification using test data from reaction to fire tests EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code), (IEC 60529:1989).

Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms and definitions given in EN 13463-1:2001, EN 1127-1:1997 and EN 1127-2:2002 and the following apply. 3.1 type of protection constructional safety "c" type of ignition protection in which constructional measures are applied so as to protect against the possibility of ignition from hot surfaces, sparks and adiabatic compression generated by moving parts 3.2 mechanical sparks sparks, as well as showers of sparks, produced by impact or friction between two similar or dissimilar solid materials

4
4.1

General
Determination of suitability

Before a decision is made to protect equipment or pieces of equipment for use as an assembly including interconnecting parts by the measures described in this standard, it shall have been subjected to the ignition hazard assessment in accordance with EN 13463-1. Furthermore, It shall also have been determined that, by enhancing or increasing the safety of certain vulnerable parts, the required level of protection is ensured against the possibility of ignition sources occurring. 5

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E) 4.2 Parts of equipment

All parts and interconnecting parts of equipment shall be capable of functioning in conformity with the operational parameters established by the manufacturer throughout their foreseeable lifetime and be sufficiently firm and durable to withstand the mechanical and thermal stresses to which they will be subjected.

4.3
4.3.1

Ingress Protection
General

The degree of ingress protection (IP) provided by the outer enclosures of equipment depends upon its intended duty and the type of environment it is designed to be used in. An appropriate rating, according to IP category 1, as specified in 13.4 of EN 60529:1991, shall be determined as part of the ignition hazard assessment (see 4.1) and shall be able to prevent foreign objects or water entering the equipment which could: i) reduce the ignition level to a lower value, by for example, allowing combustible dust, with a lower ignition temperature than the potentially explosive atmosphere, to form a layer on hot internal components or parts of the equipment; and/or make contact with moving parts, resulting in the creation of a potential ignition source, unsafe malfunction or fire.

ii)

The following subclauses, 4.3.3 to 4.3.5 below, specify the minimum degree of ingress protection (IP) for enclosures used in the circumstances described. In the case of equipment intended for use in gas/vapour atmospheres, where entry of foreign objects can 4.3.2 cause ignition, but entry of dust is harmless, entry of falling objects shall be prevented. In the case of equipment intended for use in gas/vapour atmospheres, where the entry of dusts or liquids 4.3.3 could cause malfunction leading to an ignition source, the enclosure shall be at least IP 54. In the case of equipment intended for use in potentially explosive dust atmospheres, where ingress of dust 4.3.4 can result in an ignition source or fire, the enclosure shall be at least IP 6X. In the case of equipment intended for use in potentially explosive dust atmospheres, where ingress of dust 4.3.5 and foreign objects are not likely to cause an ignition, no enclosure is necessary.
NOTE An enclosure can be required for other safety reasons, e.g. IP 2X to prevent parts of the body coming into contact with rotating parts.

4.4
4.4.1

Seals for moving parts


Unlubricated gaskets, seals, sleeves, bellows and diaphragms

Unlubricated gaskets, seals, sleeves, bellows and diaphragms which are subject to rubbing contact in normal operation or during foreseeable malfunction, shall not contain light metals. Sleeves made of elastomeric material, PTFE or similar material, graphite and ceramics are suitable. Non-metallic materials shall be resistant to distortion and degradation without reducing the effectiveness of explosion protection (see EN 13463-1). 4.4.2 Stuffing box seals

Stuffing-box seals shall only be used if a temperature rise above the maximum surface temperature can be excluded.
NOTE A device to monitor temperatures and switch off equipment should be employed.

4.4.3

Lubricated seals

Seals which normally require the presence of a replenishable lubricant to prevent hot surfaces occurring at their interface with equipment parts shall be designed to ensure the sufficient presence of lubricant or shall be protected by one of the following means: 6

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)
- provision of an effective means to monitor the continued presence of the lubricant; or - provision of a temperature detection device to warn of increasing temperatures; or - design of the equipment to be capable of completing the dry run test, as described in annex B, without exceeding the maximum surface temperature of the equipment and/or suffering damage which would reduce the effectiveness of its ignition protection properties.
NOTE Monitoring can be either continuous or by appropriate inspection and examination.

The manufacturer's instructions shall include details relating to the correct lubrication, monitoring and maintenance of such seals.

4.5

Equipment lubricants/ Coolants/ Fluids

4.5.1 Lubricants and/or coolants, which are required for the prevention of potentially incendive hot surfaces or mechanical sparks (see EN 13463-8), shall have an ignition temperature (see IEC 60079-4) at least 50 K above the maximum surface temperature of the equipment where the liquid is being used. 4.5.2
NOTE

Any fluid which can be released shall not cause an ignition.


For example due to high temperature or electrostatic charging.

5
5.1

Requirements for moving parts


General

The ignition hazard assessment (see 4.1) shall identify those moving parts which through premature failure, or wear, could lead to the occurrence of unsafe vibration or impact or friction. Such parts shall either be constructed in such a way so that either they do not become an ignition source during the lifetime of the equipment, taking the equipment category into consideration or manufacturers instructions shall specify the measures to be taken.
NOTE Slow moving parts with a circumferential speed of less than 1 m/s do not normally need protection against heating by friction and mechanical sparks. For equipment with very high speed moving parts Constructional Safety "c" might not be suitable. In these cases other types of protection should be considered, for example, a flameproof 'd' enclosure or a pressurised 'p' enclosure.

5.2

Vibration

Unintentional vibration from moving parts leading to the creation of potentially incendive hot surfaces or mechanical sparks, shall be avoided. Unintentional vibration can arise from equipment itself, or from the place where it is mounted. Potential incendive hot surfaces or mechanical sparks from this cause shall be avoided. The manufacturer shall provide any necessary installation, operation and maintenance instructions. In particular the instructions shall specify the correct operating speed range of the equipment.
NOTE 1 Alternatively the equipment can be provided with a vibration controlling device arranged to control any potential source of ignition associated with excessive vibration of moving parts (see prEN 13463-6). NOTE 2 Where the melting point of the material used in the construction of moving parts is below the maximum surface temperature of the equipment, or is not capable of causing potentially incendive hot surfaces and/or mechanical sparks, additional protective measures are not normally necessary (e.g. the provision of a low melting point sacrificial wear plate; the use of a plastic fan inside a metal housing, or a metallic fan with sacrificial non-sparking low melting point fan blade-tips).

5.3

Clearance

Clearances between non-lubricated moving parts and fixed parts shall be dimensioned so that frictional contact, able to produce potentially incendive hot surfaces and/or mechanical sparks, are avoided (see the above note for some of the precautions which may be adopted for the purpose of foreseeable malfunction).
NOTE In the case of parts protected by fluids see EN 13463-8.

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E) 5.4 Lubrication

Moving parts which depend on the presence of a lubricating medium to prevent a temperature rise exceeding the maximum surface temperature, or the creation of incendive mechanical sparks shall be constructed to ensure the presence of the lubricating medium. This can be achieved by an oil splash lubricator, or an automatic greasing system or a manual system of monitoring the oil level, together with suitable instructions about regular servicing and the recommended frequency of inspection. Where this is not possible alternative measures to control the ignition risk shall be used. (e.g. temperature sensors which operate an alarm before a potentially incendive temperature is reached, or a temperature sensor arranged to control the potential source of ignition (see prEN 13463-6). Where equipment is designed to process liquids as part of its duties and the presence of the process liquid is essential for the purpose of lubrication, cooling, quenching, or ignition prevention, this shall be stated in the manufacturer's instructions, as required by EN 13463-1.

6
6.1

Requirements for bearings


General

Bearings are basically divided into three types, sliding plane motion, sliding rotary motion and rolling element. When assessing bearings, as part of the ignition hazard assessment required by EN 13463-1 (see 4.1), the following (which is not a definitive list) shall be taken into account: the bearing shall be designed for the equipments intended duty e.g. speed, loading and variations of speed and loading; the bearings basic rated life. As described in ISO 281 for rolling element bearings. (see also NOTE 1 below); the proper fit of the bearings in their housing and on the shaft (tolerances, roundness and surface quality), taking into consideration the vertical and axial loads on the bearing with respect to shaft and housing; the correct alignment of the bearings; the axial and radial loading of the bearings caused by thermal expansion of the shaft and the housing under the most severe operating conditions; protection of the bearing from ingress of water and solids, if necessary to avoid premature failure; protection of the bearing from electrical currents, including stray circulating currents (which can cause, for example, incendive sparking, or spark erosion leading to premature failure, at the point of contact between the ball and ball race of a ball bearing); the provision of adequate lubrication, according to the lubricating regime necessary for the type of bearing (e.g. for sliding bearings, boundary lubrication, mixed film, or full film hydrodynamic lubrication are the most commonly used regimes); recommended maintenance intervals; replacement after unacceptable wear or the end of its recommended life, whichever comes first; protection of the bearing from vibration, especially at standstill.

Where any of the above relies on the user performing manual checks to detect malfunction or impending malfunction, the necessary information shall be included in the manufacturers instructions required by EN 13463-1. For category 1 equipment the manufacturer shall specify any necessary running in period, during which time no source of a flammable atmosphere should exist around the equipment.
NOTE 1 At the present time, no suitable experimental test exists to demonstrate that a given type of bearing has a low risk of becoming an ignition source in service. Ball and roller bearing manufacturers do however quote a basic rated life corresponding

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)
to a probability of mechanical failure occurring during operation (e.g. failure by deformation of an element, or fatigue flaking or spalling occurring on one of its elements). This basic rating can be used in the ignition hazard assessment in an attempt to determine the risk of bearing malfunction that might lead to the production of an incendive hot surface or sparks. The basic rated life of a ball/roller bearing is based on the amount of radial and axial loading that a ball/roller bearing can theoretically endure for one million revolutions. It is usually expressed as an L value in terms of foreseeable lifetime operating revolutions, or foreseeable lifetime hours of service. In an attempt to reduce the risk of malfunction in service to a minimum, it is paramount that the equipment manufacturer pays attention to good design, the ratio of the axial and radial loadings, construction, lubrication, cooling, and maintenance procedures. Also that regular examination is recommended during operation, in an attempt to detect impending malfunction. NOTE 2 The service life of bearings depends greatly on the service conditions and it is therefore not possible to calculate their service life reliably. NOTE 3 Plain bearings are not affected, because it is not possible to calculate their service life. Lubrication should be ensured as specified in 6.2.

Bearings shall conform to the current state of technology. They shall be regularly inspected and/or monitored in order to prevent risk of ignition. The manufacturer's instructions for the equipment shall include details of necessary servicing, service frequency and appropriate maintenance.

6.2

Lubrication

Bearings which depend on the presence of a lubricating medium to prevent a temperature rise exceeding the maximum surface temperature, or the creation of incendive mechanical sparks shall be constructed to ensure the presence of the lubricating medium. This can be achieved by bearings that are sealed for life, an oil splash lubricator, or an automatic greasing system or a manual system of monitoring the oil level, together with suitable instructions about regular servicing and the recommended frequency of inspection. Where this is not possible alternative measures to control the ignition risk shall be used (e.g. temperature sensors which operate an alarm before a potentially incendive temperature is reached, or a temperature sensor arranged to control the potential source of ignition (see prEN 13463-6). Where equipment is designed to process liquids as part of its duties and the presence of the process liquid is essential for the purpose of lubrication, cooling, quenching, or ignition prevention, this shall be stated in the manufacturer's instructions, as required by EN 13463-1.

6.3

Chemical compatibility

Bearings shall be made of materials resistant to the liquids, or vapours, in which they are intended to be used. Similarly, the material used in the construction of the bearing, including any bearing cages, shall be resistant to any liquids or solvents which can come into contact with them. Particular attention shall be given to the possibility of swelling of non-metallic parts. Where liquids or vapours can dissolve in the lubricant of the bearings, the lubricant shall remain 'fit for purpose' even in this condition.

7
7.1

Requirements for power transmission systems


Gear drives

7.1.1 Gear drives shall comply with the requirements of clause 5. Where the ignition hazard assessment (4.1) shows there could still be an ignition source another form of ignition protection shall be used (e.g. EN 13463-8 protection by liquid immersion). 7.1.2 Where equipment includes facilities to change the gear ratios (manually, or automatically), the gear changing mechanisms shall be so arranged as to ensure that they are incapable of producing either temperatures exceeding the maximum surface temperature or incendive mechanical sparks.

7.2

Belt drives

7.2.1 Power transmission belts shall be incapable of developing an incendive electrostatic discharge during operation (see ISO 1813 and CENELEC Technical Report CLC/TR 50404: 2003-6).

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)
7.2.2 The materials used in the construction shall be non-combustible and/or not supporting or propagating combustion. These are e.g. materials classified as A1, A2 or B according to EN 13501-1 (see EN 13478). Their selection shall be made under consideration of the risk analysis. 7.2.3 For drives which could cause surfaces to exceed the maximum surface temperature if the belt becomes slack or slips on the pulley, the correct belt tension shall be maintained.
NOTE Devices used to ensure correct belt tension can also serve to detect broken belts.

7.2.4 With drives which could cause surfaces to exceed the maximum temperature if they run out of alignment, true alignment shall be maintained (see 7.2.3).
NOTE Alternatively, belt drives can be fitted with devices to monitor temperature, in order to prevent surfaces becoming an ignition risk (see prEN 13463-6).

7.2.5 The supporting frame, chassis, or structure, of equipment containing belt(s) shall be constructed of electrically conducting material and shall be so arranged as to provide a leakage path to earth for any static electricity which occurs on the belt(s). The frame, chassis or structure includes the driving pulley or drum and any idler pulleys or rollers associated with the belt drive. Specific electrical bonding between the separate parts and earth shall be provided where the electrical resistance of the leakage path to earth exceeds 1 Giga-Ohm.
NOTE Where the drive pulley or drive roller is powered by a mains fed electrical motor the electrical connection to earth, normally provided for the electric motor, can be taken into account.

7.2.6 Drives capable of producing hot surfaces exceeding the maximum surface temperature, as a result of the stalling of the output power shaft, while the input continues to rotate, shall have means to detect the stalled output, and prevent ignition.

7.3

Chain drives

Chain drives shall comply with the requirements of clause 5. Chain drives operating at speeds greater than 1 m/s,and containing a potential ignition source (identified by the ignition hazard assessment required by EN 13463-1), shall be fitted with means to ensure continuous positive engagement of the chain with its associated sprocket. Where this is not possible, it shall be fitted with a device that removes the driving power to the drive sprocket in the event of the chain breaking, becoming disengaged, or slackening beyond a limit specified by the manufacturers instructions (see prEN 13463-6).

7.4

Other Drives

Other drives shall fulfil the requirements set out in clause 5.

7.5

Hydrostatic/Hydrokinetic/Pneumatic equipment

7.5.1 Hydrostatic/hydrokinetic and pneumatic power transmission equipment shall be constructed of pipes, enclosures and/or other external parts, which do not produce hot surfaces exceeding the maximum surface temperature, even when operating continuously at maximum normal rating. 7.5.2 7.5.3 Hydrostatic/hydrokinetic equipment shall comply with the requirements of EN 982. Pneumatic equipment shall comply with the requirements of EN 983.

7.5.4 The maximum temperature of any power transmission fluid which can be released shall not exceed the maximum surface temperature of the equipment, if this can create an ignition risk.
NOTE A suitable over-temperature protection device, can be a fusible plug in a fluid coupling which melts to release the power transmission fluid from the coupling during overload/over-temperature (see prEN 13463-6).

7.5.5 To prevent ignition of the explosive atmosphere by burning liquid the power transmission fluid shall have a suitable fire resistance rating.
NOTE 1 For Group I equipment this can be achieved by using a liquid with a fire resistance rating of at least "2", when tested in accordance with the 'Community of Six Spray ignition Test' and a persistence of flame not exceeding 30 s, when tested in accordance with the 'Wick test', as described in 3.1.1 and 3.2 of the European Safety and Health Commission for Mining and

10

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)
Other Extractive Industries (SHCMOEI) document - "Specifications and Testing Conditions Relating to Fire Resistant Fluids Used for Power Transmission (Hydrostatic and Hydrokinetic)" NOTE 2 National legislation in member states can require the use of different fire resistant fluids in certain hydraulic systems.

7.5.6

Air compressors used for pneumatic equipment shall:

incorporate a filter on the intake system to prevent the ingress of dust or similar foreign material into the parts where compression takes place; contain only lubricants which are resistant to carbonisation;

NOTE 1 Carbonisation of compressor lubricant (caused by exposure to elevated temperatures) results in the formation of oily carbon deposits in the compressor delivery which can cause it to overheat and explode. NOTE 2 For fluids operating at high pressure (e.g. inside compressors) allowance should be made for the fact that the ignition temperature is lowered by increased operating pressure.

Requirements for clutches and couplings

8.1 Clutches and couplings, shall be arranged or monitored (see prEN 13463-6) so that no fixed or moving part that is exposed to the potentially explosive atmosphere exceeds the maximum surface temperature of the equipment. In the case of plastic or other non-metallic parts of a clutch or coupling, their material or arrangement shall exclude the possibility of an incendive electrostatic discharge.
NOTE Examples of the above types of clutch and coupling are friction plate clutches, bell type centrifugal clutches, fluid couplings and scoop-controlled fluid couplings.

8.2 During the period of full engagement, there shall be no slipping, or similar relative movement between the input and output mechanisms likely to cause a hot surface exceeding the maximum surface temperature.
NOTE 13463-6): The above requirements can be achieved by one or more of the following preventative methods (see prEN

fitting an overload/ over-temperature protection device, for example a fusible plug in a fluid coupling which 'ruptures' to release the power transmission fluid from the coupling during overload/over-temperature; or fitting a control device(s), so arranged as to remove the input drive power, if any part of the coupling or clutch assembly, or its housing, attains the maximum surface temperature, or a control device, or devices, so arranged as to remove the drive power, if slippage occurs, because of malfunction, incorrect adjustment, or excessive wear on the mechanisms / friction pads (e.g. clutch plates).

8.3 So as to prevent unsafe frictional heating, the maximum time taken for mechanisms to achieve full-engagement from a standing start, or full disengagement, shall not cause the equipment to exceed the maximum surface temperature. One method of achieving this is to determine the maximum safe engaging time as described in B.2.

9
9.1

Requirements for brakes and braking systems


Brakes used only for stopping in emergency

Brakes, designed to be used only for emergency stopping of equipment, shall be constructed so that allowing for the maximum kinetic energy to be dissipated, neither shall the maximum surface temperature be exceeded nor shall incendive sparks be generated at any part exposed to the potentially explosive atmosphere.
NOTE For a low likelihood of response of an emergency stopping device the hazard assessment according to 4.1 can come to the result that no further means of protection relating to equipment in this category are necessary.

11

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E) 9.2 Service brakes (including friction brakes and fluid based retarders)

Service brakes shall be constructed to allow for the maximum kinetic energy to be dissipated so that neither shall the maximum surface temperature be exceeded nor shall incendive sparks be generated at any part exposed to the potentially explosive atmosphere.
NOTE It will frequently be strongly recommended to take other protective measures to prevent sources of ignition from developing.

9.3

Parking brakes

Parking brakes shall be fitted with an interlock which prevents the drive power being applied if the brake is not fully released. Alternatively a control device shall be fitted.

10 Requirements for springs and absorbing elements


Springs and absorbing elements shall be constructed and, where necessary, provided with lubrication and/or cooling, so that no part exposed to the potentially explosive atmosphere either produces a hot surface exceeding the maximum surface temperature or incendive mechanical sparks if they fracture or break in service.

11 Requirements for conveyor belts


NOTE The ignition protection of Category M2 mining conveyor belts is also dealt with in prEN 1710.

11.1 Conveyor belts shall be incapable of developing an incendive electrostatic discharge during operation (see CENELEC Technical Report CLC/TR 50404:2003-6) 11.2 The materials used in the construction shall be non-combustible and/or not supporting or propagating combustion. These are e.g. materials classified as A1, A2 or B according to EN 13501-1 (see EN 13478). Their selection shall be made under consideration of the risk analysis.
NOTE 1 The requirements for conveyor belts used in underground mining comply with these requirements and are laid down in EN 1710. NOTE 2 Member state mining legislation can require mining conveyor belts to pass more stringent fire resistance tests, based on the application of a propane gas burner to a test sample; a full scale fire test in a mining gallery, and a rotating conveyor drive roller in contact with a stationery conveyor belt."

11.3 Drives capable of producing hot surfaces exceeding the maximum surface temperature, as a result of slackening or slipping of the belt on the conveyor drive, or other rollers, shall be fitted with a means to ensure that the correct belt tension, as recommended by the manufacturer, is maintained.
NOTE This can be achieved by either monitoring the tension in the belt, or by comparing the relative speeds of the drive roller and the belt. If the relative speeds of the drive roller and the belt are being compared, a difference exceeding 10% should cause the drive power to be removed.

11.4 Drives capable of producing hot surfaces exceeding the maximum surface temperature, by running out of alignment, shall be fitted with a means to detect incorrect alignment.
NOTE As an alternative to the protective means referred to in 11.3 and 11.4, the belt drive assembly can be fitted with temperature controlling devices, arranged to ensure that any potentially incendive hot surfaces are prevented from occurring (see prEN 13463-6).

11.5 The supporting frame, chassis, or structure of equipment containing belt(s) shall be constructed of electrically conducting material and shall be so arranged as to provide a leakage path to earth for any static electricity which occurs on the belt(s). The frame, chassis or structure includes the driving pulley or drum and any idler pulleys or rollers associated with the belt drive. Specific electrical bonding between the separate parts and earth shall be provided where the electrical resistance of the leakage path to earth exceeds 1 Giga-Ohm.

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)
NOTE Where the drive pulley or drive roller is powered by a mains fed electrical motor the electrical connection to earth, normally provided for the electrical motor, can be taken into account.

12 Marking
12.1 In addition to the marking requirements of EN 13463-1, the specific marking necessary for compliance with this standard shall include : - the symbol 'c' (designating the type of explosion protection);

12.2 Example of the marking in relation to the explosion protection for Group II, Category 2 equipment, intended for use in a potentially explosive atmosphere of gas : 

12.3 Example of the marking in relation to the explosion protection for Group I, Category M 2 equipment : 

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)

Annex A (informative) Examples of some of the thought processes and principles used in the construction of items of equipment protected by 'Constructional Safety' protection

A.1 Ignition hazard assessment relating to a Group II, category 2 pump, normally used in chemical industry
A.1.1 Description of use
The equipment is a centrifugal pump designed for use in places where a source of release of flammable materials gives rise to a zone 1 potentially explosive atmosphere. The pump is driven by a flameproof electric motor that has been certified by a notified body as category 2 electrical equipment and is suitable for the potentially explosive atmosphere surrounding it. The pump has a single roller bearing at the drive end of the impeller shaft. It is designed for pumping liquid solvents which may produce a flammable vapour.

A.1.2 Construction
The pump has an outer casing/body of stainless steel which is corrosion resistant to the material being pumped. It easily passes the mechanical tests (impact test) described in EN 13463-1. There are no exposed light metal or plastic parts that need consideration, or other relevant restrictions described in EN 13463-1. The pumps design and strength is of high integrity, such that it will not leak even in the event of a foreseeable malfunction. It normally runs full of liquid, but is not self priming and the possibility of it running dry should be considered. It has a double mechanical seal, with lubricant pumped between the seals. The pump mountings have been designed to withstand the expected vibration from the pump during operation and to avoid early failure of the pump casing by vibration fatigue, or misalignment with the drive at 10% over- speed.

A.1.3 Ignition hazard assessment


The ignition hazard assessment according to 5.2 of EN 13463-1:2001 identifies that, because of its construction, and temperature classification testing, no ignition sources exist in normal operation. As the pump is to be designated as Group II, category 2 equipment, the hazard assessment has, by definition of that category, to take account of foreseeable malfunction. Further assessment therefore shows the following foreseeable malfunctions are possible ignition sources: 14 running with no liquid in the pump; misalignment of the pump and drive; failure of the seal on the rotating shaft; pumping against a closed outlet; pump run at over-speed; solid material in the liquid fed to the pump; swelling of some seals in the presence of particular solvents; failure of the drive shaft bearing; break up of the impeller rotor.

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)
The pump can be described as protected by constructional safety if all these equipment operating faults can be controlled using the methods described in this standard.

A.1.4 Determining the ignition protection


For protection against ignition during foreseeable malfunction, some consideration has been given to making the outer shell of the pump into a flameproof d enclosure. This has the advantage of enclosing all of the potential ignition sources in a protective enclosure. It does however result in the pump becoming unnecessarily large and expensive to manufacture. This possibility has therefore been rejected in favour of constructional safety as described below in the ignition hazard document.

A.1.5 The ignition hazard assessment document


A copy of the ignition hazard document is attached. This document is placed in the manufacturers technical file which has to be deposited with the selected notified body if compliance with 94/9/EC is being claimed and the pump is to bear the CE marking.

A.1.6 Marking with regard to the ignition protection


EN 13463-1 requires the equipment to be marked with the symbol(s) of the ignition protection used. In this particular case, the pump complies with EN 13463-1 and this standard. The symbol c will therefore be included in the marking.

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)

Table A.1 Example of the ignition hazard assessment document for a group II category 2 centrifugal pump CONTROL MEASURES APPLIED TO PREVENT THE SOURCE BECOMING ACTIVE TYPE OF PROTECTION (EEx SYMBOL)

POTENTIAL IGNITION SOURCE

NORMAL OPERATION

FORESEEABLE MALFUNCTION

Exposed hot surface

A test has been carried out with the pump operating at full load in normal conditions. A similar test has also been performed as a dry run test in case the pump fails to prime or the flow of liquid to the inlet fails. During each test the maximum surface temperature was found and recorded. This has resulted in the pump being given a T6 temperature classification, which is acceptable for the potentially explosive atmosphere surrounding the pump body. Inside the pump the possibility of an explosive vapour from the flammable liquid has to be considered but this can be neglected because the protective measures described later in this document ensure that the risk of malfunction and an internal explosive atmosphere are not capable of occurring at the same time.

EN 13463-1:2001, 6.1

Electrostatic discharge -

No electrostatic risk. Plastics materials are not used in outer enclosure or exposed surfaces No aluminium magnesium or titanium used in outer enclosure, or other exposed surface that may come into contact with rusty iron

EN 13463-1:2001, 7.4

Impact between light metal and rusty steel a) running with no liquid in the pump

EN 13463-1:2001, clause 8 EN 13463-1:2001, 14.3 c

Mechanical strength

Passes the impact test described in EN 13463-1 A test has indicated that the construction of the pump allows it to run dry for long periods without temperatures exceeding the T classification. (continued)

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16

EN 13463-5:2003 (E)

Table A.1 (continued) CONTROL MEASURES APPLIED TO PREVENT THE SOURCE BECOMING ACTIVE TYPE OF PROTECTION (EEx SYMBOL)

POTENTIAL IGNITION SOURCE

NORMAL OPERATION

FORESEEABLE MALFUNCTION b) misalignment of the pump and drive Misalignment of the pump and drive will give rise to early failure of the seal. User instructions will give details of the correct installation, checking and maintenance to avoid this risk EN 13463-1:2001, clause 15 Instructions

c) failure of the seal on the rotating shaft

Combination of EN 13463-1:2001, clause 15 Instructions and c. (If the monitoring device is fitted then also b)

d) pumping against a closed outlet

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Failure of one of the graphite seals will give rise to local overheating and cause loss of the lubricant pumped between them. It has been decided that this will be covered in manufacturers instructions. These will recommend that the lubricant pressure is indicated on a gauge and manually monitored by an operator. Alternatively an outlet pressure monitoring device could be fitted if the user specifies one. The instructions will indicate the recommended periods for replacement of seals. If the lubricant pressure is higher than the outlet pressure of the pump, failure of the seal will not normally cause leakage of the flammable liquid being pumped. To guard against the pump operating against a closed outlet valve, a pressure relief device needs to be fitted on the outlet. This will not form part of the pump enclosure and will be separate from the normal pump outlet. The Manufacturers instructions to the user will provide details of recommended relief pressures, pipe sizes and other arrangements to prevent overheating of the pump if it is run with a blockage in the outlet pipe. The manufacturer has tested the pump under these conditions, and measured the surface temperatures reached, the T class is based on these figures. The fitting of this safety feature will be considered as part of the constructional safety c requirements. (continued)

Combination of EN 13463-1:2001 clause 15 Instructions and c

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)

Table A.1 (concluded) CONTROL MEASURES APPLIED TO PREVENT THE SOURCE BECOMING ACTIVE TYPE OF PROTECTION (EEx SYMBOL)

POTENTIAL IGNITION SOURCE

NORMAL OPERATION

FORESEEABLE MALFUNCTION e) pump run at over-speed To protect against over-speed, the maximum rotation speed for the pump will be indicated on a label fitted to the pump body. Tests have shown that it will run without problems at speeds 10% greater than that shown on the label. Combination of EN 134631:2001, clause 15 Instructions and c. EN 134631:2001, clause 15 Instructions and c

g) swelling of some seals in the presence of particular solvents

The internal parts of the pump can be adversely affected by some solvents. The manufacturers instructions list solvents which are known to be compatible with the seal materials

h) failure of the drive shaft bearing

Failure of the drive shaft bearing will result in a hot surface capable of ignition and this needs to be prevented. This is achieved by using bearings described in the constructional safety document and which are subject to routine checking and maintenance.

Combination of EN 134631:2001, clause 15 Instructions and c Not applicable for Category 2 equipment

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i) break up of the impeller rotor

Break up of the rotor is considered to be a rare malfunction and is therefore not considered in the risk assessment for a category 2 pump.

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)

A.2 Ignition hazard assessment relating to a Group II, category 1 stirrer


The risk assessment performed in accordance with 5.2 of EN 13463-1:2001 has indicated that the proposed stirrer is suitable equipment for protection by 'Constructional Safety ' as Group II, category 1 equipment. This is because the fundamental requirement of such protection can be met. In that, the stirrer does not contain ignition sources in normal operation and foreseeable malfunctions. Furthermore, by good design, construction, selection of materials and maintenance procedures, the risk of igniting sources being created can be made so low that they are unlikely to occur, even during rare malfunction or with two faults on the stirrer. The stirrer is operated in a closed stirring vessel. If the clearances between the wall of the stirring vessel and the stirring element are large enough to avoid rubbing contact between the stirring element and the wall, the only critical point is the shaft passage through the top of the vessel. Other possible ignition sources which can occur inside the vessel such as electrostatic charging of the stirred liquid are outside the scope of this standard but a warning should be given in the information for use. As has been mentioned above, the shaft passage through the wall of the vessel needs to be sealed by a double acting slide ring sealing preferably with secured sealing liquid. Experience has shown, that for this type of sealing even a rare failure leading to ignition is not to be expected. An alternative design would be a shaft passage where the ring gap between shaft and wall is so small that it is flameproof for the respective gas group. In this case a careful design of the shaft bearing is required to ensure that rubbing contact of the shaft can reasonably be excluded even as a rare event. The shaft duct above the ring gap needs to be constructed with a gap so that ventilation near the ring gap is provided.

A.3 Ignition hazard assessment relating to a Group II, category 1 compressed air motor used for tank cleaning
The working principle of a compressed air engine, is that expanding compressed air releases its potential energy to propel the rotating turbine blades, which in turn provide output power via the gear mechanism to the output shaft. Generally, the compressed air input to the engine is obtained from a high pressure network supplied from a place outside the potentially explosive atmosphere. The gears change the output drive shaft speed and torque to that required by the load being driven. The engine is constructed so that its maximum working pressure is well in excess of the nominal pressure of the compressed air network. This results in an adequately robust engine, which has its main moving parts (rotor and stator) continuously flushed and purged with clean air both during normal operation and also in the case of expected faults on the rotor blades. The risk assessment performed in accordance with 5.2 of EN 13463-1:2001 which also considers the power and speed of the equipment has indicated that the proposed compressed air engine is suitable equipment for protection by 'Constructional Safety ' as Group II, category 1 equipment. This is because the fundamental requirement of such protection can be met. In that, the engine does not contain ignition sources in normal operation and foreseeable malfunctions. Furthermore, by good design, construction, selection of materials and maintenance procedures, the risk of igniting sources being created can be made so low that they are unlikely to occur, even in the case of rare malfunctions or with two faults on the engine and therefore the engine meets the requirements of category 1. The risk assessment for category 1 has identified that the vulnerable engine parts needing consideration are, the materials used for the outer enclosure and the output shaft (which are the parts exposed to the potentially explosive atmosphere) and the internal moving parts which may fail due to insufficient strength, fatigue, or contamination by pollutants which can act as an ignition source. As described by the general gas laws of physics, the temperature of compressed air reduces as it expands through the engine. This cooling effect can therefore be taken into account and put to good use, to limit the operating temperature of other parts of the engine, such as the exhaust airways and parts where frictional heat is produced by moving parts. The materials used in the construction of the outer enclosure and output shaft are steel or stainless steel, which is not subject to frictional sparking or electrostatic discharge if grounded properly. Due to the fact that the internal parts (e.g. rotor and stator) are flushed with the expanding air they do not come into contact with the potentially explosive atmosphere and therefore need no special attention with respect to spark ignition risk. The internal parts can be made of any material, as long as it is strong enough to meet the operational performance requirements and provides some safety factor against failure due to mechanical forces. If overloads create inadmissible hot surfaces a torque limiting device or other suitable devices can be applied. 19

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)
The correct selection of main shaft bearings, with well tried and proven reliability, coupled with the use of high viscosity grease as a lubricant inside an 'IP 54' rated bearing housing prevents overheating and also, dust and splashing water entering to pollute the lubricant. The risk of premature bearing failure in service is thereby reduced. The gear drives are contained in a dust proof and watertight enclosure. Either they are life-time lubricated and permanently flushed with the expanding air or they are submerged in a protective lubricant which does not readily support combustion. In the latter case the amount of lubricant needs to be monitored or checked regularly (see EN 13463-8). If the gearbox lubrication is a protective measure the 'User Instructions' should contain information that it relies on manual checking and there is also a slight risk of unpredictable malfunctions (e.g. failure of a turbine blade, or bearing, also overloading or over-speeding of the output shaft).

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)

Annex B (normative) Test requirements


B.1 "Dry run" test for lubricated sealing arrangements
The test attempts to simulate the heating which can occur when the lubrication provided for lubricated type sealing elements, between fixed and moving parts of equipment, is lost. Examples of the sealing arrangements concerned, are gasketed seals, shell type seals and other similar seals used for sliding or rotating shafts. Before the test, remove the lubricant without the use of a solvent so that minimum residual lubrication is retained. Then subject the sealing arrangement to a "dry run" test of at least one hour with the moving part operating at its maximum normal operating speed. Measure the temperature on the fixed part of the equipment as near as possible to the place where the seal makes contact with the moving parts. For example, an accurate determination can usually be made by inserting a thermocouple into a small hole drilled at an angle near the seal so that it extends underneath the sealing element. Towards the end of the test several temperature readings may need to be taken to ensure that a final 'steady state' temperature has been attained. Note the temperature readings together with the ambient temperature and the speed of moving part during the test.

B.2 Type test for determining the maximum engaging time of clutch assembly
B.2.1 Apparatus
One clutch assembly of the type intended to be used in the potentially explosive atmosphere. If the B.2.1.1 clutch assembly forms part of series having different input and output characteristics, select the assembly designed to transmit the largest amount of power and torque from its input shaft to its output shaft.
NOTE If the clutch assembly is fitted with an overload prevention device, such as a shear pin (for friction pad types), or fusible link/plug (for liquid filled types), this can need to be defeated during the test to prevent it effecting the results.

Temperature sensor(s) - able to measure temperatures up to and including at least the maximum surface B.2.1.2 temperature for the explosive atmosphere in which the clutch is intended to be used. The sensor(s) also need to be capable of measuring the temperature of fixed and moving parts exposed to the surrounding atmosphere. Suitable sensor(s) are for example specially calibrated infra-red heat detectors, arranged to measure the actual temperature of moving parts without being mechanically connected to them. Drive motor able to transmit the clutch assembly manufacturer's maximum recommended input B.2.1.3 power and torque to the assembly. Locking mechanism able to prevent the output shaft of the clutch assembly from rotating when the B.2.1.4 manufacturer's maximum recommended input drive power and torque is applied to the input shaft. Timer/recorder - arranged to start when the drive power is first applied to the input shaft and stopped B.2.1.5 when the temperature sensor detects that a part of the assembly has attained the maximum surface temperature allowed for the atmosphere. Conditioning chamber able to condition the clutch assembly whilst it is connected to the drive motor B.2.1.6 and locking mechanism.

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E) B.2.2 Procedure


B.2.2.1 B.2.2.2 Condition the clutch assembly at (20 5) C for 8 h. Simultaneously start the drive motor (to apply power to the clutch input shaft) and the timer.

Determine and record the 'Maximum engaging time' for the assembly, which is the time taken in seconds, B.2.2.3 from the instant when drive power is applied to the assembly, to the instant when the temperature sensor ascertains that part of the clutch assembly has reached the maximum surface temperature allowed for the atmosphere in which it is intended to be used. B.2.2.4 Stop the drive motor

B.2.3 Results
The test report shall contain the clutch assembly manufacturer's name; the manufacturer identification for the assembly; the 'maximum engaging time' for the clutch assembly in seconds.

B.2.4 Reporting
The 'Maximum safe engaging time" shall be given in the information for use supplied with the equipment.

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)

Annex ZA (informative) Clauses of this European Standard addressing essential requirements or other provisions of EU Directives
This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 94/9/EC of 23 March 1994 concerning equipment and protective systems intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres. Compliance with this Standard provides one means of conforming with the specific essential requirements of the Directive 94/9/EC and associated EFTA regulations. WARNING: Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the product(s) falling within the scope of this Standard. The following clauses of this document are likely to support requirements of the Directive 94/9/EC. The following check list gives the correspondence between the ESR and the relevant clauses of this standard. Essential Safety Requirement
Reference standard in this Reference standards in other

1 1.0.1

Common Requirements Principles of integrated explosion safety Design considerations, take account of faults/misuse not covered

1.0.2

Dealt with in clause 4 which requires an ignition hazard assessment and consideration to be given to constructional features and faults. Dealt with in 4.4.3; 5.3; 6.1, 6.2 and 7.1.2 which require the manufacturer to provide instructions for special checking of parts or protective fluid levels which can affect the protective measures. not covered Dealt with in clause 12 Dealt with in EN 1127-1 and 4.4.3.; 5.3; 6.1, 6.2 and 7.1.2 of this standard

1.0.3

Special checking and maintenance conditions

1.0.4 1.0.5 1.0.6

Surrounding area conditions Marking Instructions

1.1 1.1.1

Selection of materials Must not trigger an explosion Dealt with in EN 13463-1 and clauses 4 to 10 of this standard. clause 4.3 specifically deals with the outer enclosures of equipment. Dealt with in EN 13463-1 and also clauses 4 to 10 of this standard Dealt with in 5 and 6.3

1.1.2

Limits of operation

1.1.3

Effects on predictable changes in materials characteristics Design and construction State of the art design of ignition protection

1.2 1.2.1

not covered

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)
Essential Safety Requirement
Reference standard not covered not covered] Dealt with in 4.3 not covered. in this Reference standards in other

1.2.2 1.2.3 1.2.4 1.2.5

Safe functioning of replacement components Enclosed structures and prevention of leaks Safety with dust deposits Additional means of protection for external stresses Safe opening Other hazards Electrical dangers, Surface temperatures Non-electrical dangers Overloading of equipment, control devices, power limitation.

1.2.6 1.2.7 a) b) c) 1.2.8

not covered

not covered

Overloading is not specifically dealt with, but the maximum surface temperature is limited by constructional measures and/or by control devices in clauses 4 to 10 of this standard Not applicable to the type of protection covered by this standard

1.2.9

Flameproof enclosure systems

1.3

Prevention of potential ignition sources Hazards arising from hot surfaces and mechanical sparks. Hazards electricity arising from static Dealt with in clauses 4 to 10 of this standard as a fundamental concept of protection. Dealt with in EN 13463-1 and 4.2 of this standard

1.3.1

1.3.2

1.3.3

Hazards arising from stray electric and leakage currents Hazards arising from overheating

Dealt with in EN 13463-1 and 6.2 of this standard

1.3.4

Dealt with in clauses 4 to 10 of this standard as a fundamental concept of protection.

1.3.5

Hazards arising from pressure compensation operations or shock waves. Hazards effects rising from external

Dealt with in 7.5.6

1.4

1.4.1

Safe functioning

Pollutants are dealt with in 4.3 (IP rating) Vibration is dealt with in clause 5 Other external effects are the subject of agreement between the manufacturer and user.

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)
Essential Safety Requirement
Reference standard in this Reference standards in other

1.4.2

1.5

Mechanical and thermal stresses and withstanding attack by foreseeable aggressive substances Requirements in respect of safety-related devices Independent function of safety devices of measurement and control. Fail safe principles for electric circuits. Safety related switches independent of software and command Safety device failure

Dealt with in 4.2 and 6.3 by applying good engineering practice. Resistance to chemical attack is subject to agreement between the manufacturer and user.

1.5.1

Safety Related Devices are not intended to be within the scope of this standard

1.5.2

Safety Related Devices are not intended to be within the scope of this standard Safety Related Devices are not intended to be within the scope of this standard Safety Related Devices are not intended to be within the scope of this standard Safety Related Devices are not intended to be within the scope of this standard

1.5.3

Emergency stop controls

1.5.4

Control and display units

1.5.5

Requirements in respect of devices with a measuring function for ignition protection Checking accuracy of measuring devices Measuring device safety factor

1.5.6

Safety Related Devices are not intended to be within the scope of this standard Safety Related Devices are not intended to be within the scope of this standard Safety Related Devices are not intended to be within the scope of this standard

1.5.7

1.5.8

Risks arising from software

1.6

Integration requirements system Manual override

of relating

safety to the

1.6.1

Integrated systems are not intended to be within the scope of this standard. Integrated systems are not intended to be within the scope of this standard. Integrated systems are not intended to be within the scope of this standard. Integrated systems are not intended to be within the scope of this standard. Integrated systems are not intended to be within the scope of this standard.

1.6.2

Emergency shutdown system

1.6.3

Hazards arising from power failure

1.6.4

Hazards arising from connections

1.6.5

Placing of warning devices as parts of equipment

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)
Essential Safety Requirement
Reference standard in this Reference standards in other

Supplementary requirements in respect of equipment "Group I category M1" Source of ignition not to become active Category M1 Equipment is dealt with in EN 50303. The only relevance of this standard is that the protection described may be utilized as one of the two protective means required. See above See above

2.0.1 2.0.1.1

2.0.1.2 2.0.1.3

No penetration of dust Surface temperature to be below ignition temperature to prevent the ignition of suspended dust

2.0.1.4

Avoidance of opening of equipment with sources of ignition "Group I Category M2" Sources of ignition not to become active in normal operation Opening of equipment only under non-active conditions Requirement to prevent dust entry "Group II Category 1" Explosive atmospheres caused by gases, vapours or hazes

See above

2.0.2 2.0.2.1

Dealt with in clauses 4 to 10 of this standard as a fundamental concept of protection. not covered

2.0.2.2

2.0.2.3 2.1 2.1.1

Dealt with in 4.3

Category 1 is dealt with in EN 13463-1 and is only relevant to this standard if the concept of protection is used as one of the two means required.

2.1.1.1

Design and protection of equipment to prevent sources of ignition becoming active Stated max. surface temperatures not to be exceeded

See 2.1.1 above

2.1.1.2

See 2.1.1 above 2.1.1.3 Opening of equipment only under non-active conditions See 2.1.1 above 2.1.2 Explosive atmospheres caused by air/dust mixtures See 2.1.1 above 2.1.2.1 Design and protection of equipment to prevent sources of ignition becoming active

See 2.1.1 above

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EN 13463-5:2003 (E)
Essential Safety Requirement
Reference standard See 2.1.1 above in this Reference standards in other

2.1.2.2

Designated points for entry and escape of dust Surface temperatures to be kept below ignition temperatures of suspended dust Opening of equipment only under non-active conditions

2.1.2.3

See 2.1.1 above

2.1.2.4

See 2.1.1 above 2.2 2.2.1 "Group II Category 2" Explosive atmospheres caused by gases, vapours or mists Design and equipment to sources arising construction of prevent ignition Dealt with in EN 13463-1 and clauses 4 to 10 of this standard as a fundamental concept of protection. Dealt with in clauses 4 to 10 of this standard as a fundamental concept of protection.

2.2.1.1

2.2.1.2

Design and construction of equipment so that surface temperatures are not exceeded Design of equipment for operating under non-active conditions/interlocking systems Explosive atmospheres caused by air/dust mixtures Design and construction of equipment to prevent ignition of air/dust mixtures Surface temperature not exceeded No dust penetration "Group II Category 3" Explosive atmospheres caused by gases, vapours or mists

Dealt with in clauses 4 to 10 of this standard as a fundamental concept of protection.

2.2.1.3

not covered

2.2.2

Dealt with in EN 13463-1 and clauses 4 to 10 of this standard as a fundamental concept of protection. Dealt with in EN 13463-1 and clauses 4 to 10 of this standard as a fundamental concept of protection.

2.2.2.1

2.2.2.2 2.2.2.3 2.3 2.3.1

Dealt with in clause 4 Dealt with in 4.3

All equipment conforming with the requirements of this standard (for category 2 equipment) also meets the requirements of category 3 because it is safe in normal use.

2.3.1.1

Design and construction of equipment to prevent foreseeable ignition during normal operation Surface temperatures not to exceed stated figures

See 2.3.1 above

2.3.1.2

See 2.3.1 above 2.3.2 Explosive atmospheres caused by air/dust mixtures See 2.3.1 above

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Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006. E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 13463-5:2003 (E)
Essential Safety Requirement
Reference standard in this Reference standards in other

2.3.2.1

Design and construction of equipment to prevent ignition of air/dust mixtures during normal operation

See 2.3.1 above

2.3.2.2 Applies See 2.3.1 above

2.3.2.3

Prevention of dust particles mixing with air in equipment to cause ignition Supplementary requirements for 'Protective Systems'

See 2.3.1 above Protective systems are not intended to be within the scope of this standard.

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Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006. E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 13463-5:2003 (E)

Bibliography

EN 1710, Equipment and components intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres in mines. EN 50303:2000 Group I, category M1 equipment intended to remain functional in atmospheres endangered by firedamp and/or coal dust. ISO 281:1990, Rolling bearings - Dynamic load ratings and rating life. ISO 1813, Belt drives - V-ribbed belts, joined V-belts and V-belts including wide section belts and hexagonal belts Electrical conductivity of antistatic belts: Characteristics and methods of test. IEC 60079-4, Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres - Part 4 : Method of test for ignition temperature. CENELEC Technical Report CLC/TR 50404:2003-06, Electrostatics Code of practise for the avoidance of hazards due to static electricity. Requirements and tests applicable to fire-resistant hydraulic fluids used for power transmission and control (hydrostatic and hydrokinetic), seventh edition, doc. N 4746/10/91 EN, Luxembourg, April 1994.

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Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006. E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

UNI Ente Nazionale Italiano di Unicazione Via Battistotti Sassi, 11B 20133 Milano, Italia

La pubblicazione della presente norma avviene con la partecipazione volontaria dei Soci, dellIndustria e dei Ministeri. Riproduzione vietata - Legge 22 aprile 1941 N 633 e successivi aggiornamenti.