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Active Models

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These spreadsheets have been designed to help you understand the quantitative methods in Operations Management.
Each spreadsheet contains an example from your textbook for which you may change the data in order to see how the changes will affect the answers. Wherever possible, we have provided a graph. Each Active Model spreadsheet contains a RESET button to easily enable you to restore the original data.

In addition, each spreadshseet contains a QUESTION button which will lead you through a series of questions to help you to better learn
the relationship among the parameters of the problem. Please note that every time you change questions the data will automatically reset to the original parameters. After getting to the last question, a PRINT option is enabled so that you will have a record of your answers for yourself or for your instructor. Alternatively, you may use the DISPLAY button to see the Questions and Answers on a spreadsheet. A detailed explanation of the question form is on the question form sheet.

The spreadsheets are not locked which means that you may enter or change values in any cell. As a rule, only the cells
shaded in green should be changed. In general, the cells may be changed directly or with the scrollbar. As a rule, you should NOT change cells that are shaded in red Cells shaded in yellow may be changed but you will be deleting a formula.

Most scrollbars operate in the same fashion. Clicking on the arrows will generate small changes while clicking on the bar will
generate large changes. Experiment with the scroll bar if you need help.

For several of the modules you will be asked to read graphs. Move the mouse along the graph in order to have Excel display the value.
If you need practice see the graph sheet.

Excel's formula bar is automatically hidden by Active Models. To see it use View, Formula Bar from the Excel menu/ribboon. In addition, Active Models
will automatically remove the gridlines and row and column labels. To restore them use the View tab (Excel 2007) or Tools, Options, View tab (Excel 2003)

The intention is NOT to provide these sheets as solvers but many of these sheets can be used in that way. However, the graphs have been
scaled according to the numbers being demonstrated. Thus, changing the basic data may lead to a nonreadable graph. If you want an Excel solver then you should use Excel OM or POM for Windows which came with your Prentice-Hall textbook.

Use the menu sheet to navigate to the appropriate workbook or you may load the workbooks directly. Any comments, suggestions or criticisms should be sent to
dsSoftware@prenhall.com

93813045.xls

Overview

Active Models tab (Excel 2003)

93813045.xls

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Active Models to Accompany Operations Management by Heizer & Render Principles of Operations Management by Heizer & Render
Chapter
Project Management Forecasting

Model

Textbook Example
6 1 4 7 8 3 1 S4 S6 Fig S6.9 4 S1 S3 3 1 S5 3 8 2 3 5 1 3 Fig B.4 D1 D2&D3 D4 E2 & E3

3.1 Gantt Chart 4.1 Moving Averages 4.2 Exponential Smoothing 4.3 Exponential Smoothing with Trend Adjustment 4.4 Trend Projections Design of Goods and Services 5.1 Decision Tree Managing Quality 6.1 Pareto Chart Statistical Process Control S6.1 p-Chart S6.2 Process Capability S6.3 OC Curve Process Strategy 7.1 Crossover Chart Capacity Planning S7.1 Capacity S7.2 Breakeven Analysis Location Strategies 8.1 Center of Gravity Layout Strategy 9.1 Process Layout Work Measurement S10.1 Work Sampling Inventory Management 12.1 Economic Order Quantity Model 12.2 Production Order Quantity Model Aggregate Planning 13.1 Leveling Strategies Material Requirements Planning and ERP Order Releases 14.1 Short-Term Scheduling 15.1 Job Shop Sequencing 17.1 Series Reliability Maintenance and Reliability 17.2 Redundancy B.1 LP Graph Linear Programming Waiting-line Models D.1 Single-Server Model D.2 Multiple Server System with Costs D.3 Constant Service Times Learning Curves E.1 Unit Curve, Cumulative Curve and Costs

93813045.xls

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Click on the left arrow to decrease the value in the cell by 1

Click on the right arrow to increase the value in the cell by 1

50

Click on the bar, between the left arrow and the slider to decrease the value in the cell by 10

Click on the bar, between the right arrow and the slider to increase the value in the cell by 10

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Question number label

Navigation buttons for questions. Note: The data will reset to the original problem with each change in question.

The questions and answers are stored in a worksheet ready to be printed. Instead of printing you may look at the spreadsheet that contains the questions and your answers. (Then you could print this sheet).

Name of spreadsheet with data. Note: If the workbook contains multiple spreadsheets they will be changed automatically when the questions refer to a different spreadsheet.

The question!! Text box into which to place your answer. If you want to copy an answer from the spreadsheet then click on the cell and then use this button. Using this will erase whatever text is in the answer text box.

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Sample graph
350

If you are asked, what is the value of Y on graph 1 when x = 5 you could eyeball the graph and guess. Excel 2003 and earlier Alternatively, If you place the mouse on Graph 1, where x = 5, a toolbar tip type of explanation will appear indicating which graph (graph 1 or graph 2) you are looking at, which point and what the value of the point is. You should try this by moving the mouse along each of the two graphs.

300 250 200 y 150 100 50 0 -1 1 3 5


Column B x

9
Column C

11

13

15

13

15

x 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

x2 0 1 4 9 16 25 36 49 64 81 100 121 144 169 196 225

1/(x+3) 333.33 250 200 166.67 142.86 125 111.11 100 90.91 83.33 76.92 71.43 66.67 62.5 58.82 55.56