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English vocabulary

30-03-2012 20:33:00
/dmnstret/ noun

demonstrator
plural demonstrators

[count] 1 : a person who is part of an event in which people gather together in order to show that they support or oppose something or someone : a person who participates in a demonstration
Thousands of demonstrators marched through the streets. antiwar demonstrators 2 : a person who shows other people how something is used or

done
a product demonstrator

BEREAVEMENT (n.) - luto, perda, morte Definition: the death of a close relation or friend She has recently suffered a bereavement.

EARNEST (adj.) (srio; sincero) very serious and sincere: an earnest young man an earnest effort in earnest If something begins to happen in earnest, it really starts to happen in a serious way: The research will begin in earnest early next year.

be in earnest to be very serious about something and mean what you are saying earnestly adverbearnestness noun [U]

CLEAVE (fender; partir; dividir / ligar-se; agarrar-se) cleaved, cleavedhelp Less commonly, cleft /klft/ and clove /klov/ are used for the past tense, and cleft and cloven/klovn/ for the past participle.) 1 [transitive]cleave something(old-fashioned orliterary) to split or cut something in two using something sharp and heavyShe cleaved his skull (in two) with an ax.(figurative)His skin was cleft with deep lines. (fender, partir, dividir) 2 [intransitive, transitive] (old-fashioned orliterary) to move quickly through somethingcleave through somethinga ship cleaving through the watercleave somethingThe huge boat cleaved the darkness.to cleave a path through the traffic 3 [intransitive]cleave to something/someone(literary) to stick close to something or someoneHer tongue clove to the roof of her mouth. 4cleaved, cleaved [intransitive]cleave to something(formal) to continue to believe in or be loyal to somethingto cleave to a belief/idea ABHOR (detestar; abominar; odiar) verb [T] (present participle abhorring, past tense and past participle abhorred) formal

Definition: to hate something or someone very much abhorrence noun [U] formal (abominao, averso) abhor - find repugnant; "I loathe that man"; "She abhors cats" abominate, execrate, loathe

detest, hate - dislike intensely; feel antipathy or aversion towards; "I hate Mexican food"; "She detests politicians"

BOAST (v.) (gabar, vangloriar, ostentar) defenition: PRIDE [I, T] to talk with too much pride about what you have done or what you own: I wish she would stop boasting about her exam results. [+ that] Liam boasted that he owned two sports cars. HAVE [T] If a place boasts something good, it has it: New York boasts some of the best museums in the world. verb. 1. brag, crow, vaunt, bluster, talk big (slang), blow your own trumpet, show off, be proud of, flaunt,

showboat, congratulate yourself on, flatter yourself, pride yourself on, skite (Austral. & N.Z. informal) She boasted about her achievements.

2. possess, offer, present, exhibit The houses boast the latest energy-saving technology. noun. bragging, vaunting, rodomontade (literary), gasconade (rare) H e was asked about earlier boasts of a quick victory

bragging disclaimer

TRIBULATION (N.) - tribulao 1. Aflio, adversidade 2. Perseguio.

3. Desassossego. 4. Trabalho. 5. Angstia.

WRECK (n.) VEHICLE a car, ship, or aircraft that has been very badly damaged PERSON informal someone who is in a bad physical or mental condition: [usually singular] I was a complete wreck by the end of my exams. ACCIDENT mainly US a bad accident involving a car or train: a car/train wreck (v.) to destroy something completely: The explosion wrecked several cars and damaged nearby buildings.

BESTOW - conceder; dar; atribuir verb [T] formal

to give someone an important present or a public reward for their achievements:

He won the Nobel Peace Prize, an honour also bestowed on his colleague

COMPLETION - concluso; trmino,; finalizao noun [U] when something that you are doing or making is finished: The stadium is due for completion in 2008. They will be paid on completion of the job.

DISPEL - dissipar; dispersar; desvanecer; expelir; expulsar verb [T] (present participle dispelling, past tense and past participle dispelled)

to get rid of a feeling, thought, or belief: He appeared on TV to dispel rumours that he was dying.

UNDERTAKING - empresa; empreendimento; tarefa; promessa noun [C]


WORK a difficult or important piece of work, especially one that takes a long time: [usually singular] Building your own house is a major undertaking. PROMISE UK a legal or official promise to do something: [usually singular] The newspaper has given an undertaking not to print the story

HATCHET (n.) - machadinha

SMEAR (v.t.) - lambuzar; espalhar; bezuntar / calnia; difamao SPREAD to spread a thick liquid or sticky substance over something: His shirt was smeared with paint. He smeared sun cream over his face and neck. SAY to say unpleasant and untrue things about someone in order to harm them, especially in politics

Accrue - (interest)-crescer; acumular

verb [I] formal to increase in number or amount over a period of time Interest will accrue on the account at a rate of 7%. Little benefit will accrue to London (= London will receive little benefit)from the new road scheme.

IMPART - transmitir; divulgar; dar; conceder

imparts; imparted; imparting


[+ obj] formal 1 : to give (something, such as a quality) to a

thing
Her presence imparted a sense of importance to the meeting. The oil imparts a distinctive flavor to the sauce. The chemicals imparted a bluish color to the paper. 2 : to make (something) known to someone He has clever ways of imparting [=conveying, communicating] knowledge to his students.

TEMPLATE /tmplt/ noun plural templates [count] 1 : a shape or pattern that is cut out of a hard material (such as metal or plastic) and used to make the same shape and pattern in other pieces of material 2 computers : a computer document that has the basic format of something (such as a business letter, chart, graph, etc.) and that can be used many different times The software includes templates for common marketing documents like pamphlets and flyers. 3 : something that is used as an example of how to do, make, or achieve something often + for The bridge's design became a template for other bridges. Her career was my template forsuccess in the publishing industry. [=I followed her example of how to succeed in the publishing industry] HARDY /hdi/ adjective resistente; forte; robusto; vigoroso hardier; hardiest 1 : able to live through difficult conditions (such as a cold winter or a drought) a hardy rose the hardiest plants/animals 2 : strong and able to accept difficult or unpleasant conditions Most of the soldiers were hardy young men. Hardy fans stuck with the team through good times and bad. Only the hardiest pilgrims made the journey. hardiness /hdins/ noun [noncount] the hardiness of the rose cattle bred for hardiness

stifle/stafl/ verb - sufucar; abafar; axfixiar; reprimir


stifles; stifled; stifling
1 [+ obj] a : to not allow yourself to do or express (something)

trying to stifle a cry/yawn I had to stifle the desire/urge to yell Stop!

b : to stop (someone) from doing or expressing something


Students at the school are stifled by the pressure to score high on tests.

2 [+ obj] : to make (something) difficult or impossible

Too many regulations stifle innovation. something that stifles the growth of the plant/economy 3 a [no obj] : to be unable to breathe easily I wish we could go outside instead of stifling in this tiny room.

b [+ obj] : to make (someone) unable to breathe or unable to breathe easily


He was almost stifled by the smoke.

fad/fd/ noun - modismo; moda


plural fads

[count] : something (such as an interest or fashion) that is very popular for a short time
She's always interested in the latest fads. a fad diet

faddish

/fd/ adjective [more faddish; most

faddish]
a faddish psychological treatment

linear/lnij/

adjective - linear

1 a [more linear; most linear] : formed by lines : made up of lines a linear design

1 b [more linear; most linear] : forming a line : straight a flat, almost linear horizon

2 : of or relating to the length of something linear measurements 3 [more linear; most linear] : going from one thing to the next thing in a direct and logical way a linear narrative linear patterns of thought linearity /lnierti/ noun [noncount] the linearity of the narrative

linearly adverb thinking linearly

partake

/ptek/ verb

partakes; partook tekn/ partaking

/-tk/ partaken

/-

[no obj] formal 1 a : to have a share or part of something along with others
There was food available, but he chose not to partake. [=he chose not to eat any of the food] usually + of Music lovers partook of the rich offerings of the music festival. He had partaken of too much dinner and was now stuffed.

b : to join with others in doing something : to take part in something


Let us all partake in [=(more commonly) join in] this celebration. 2 : to have some of the qualities of something a story that partakes of the nature of poetry partaker noun, plural partakers [count] partakers of the feast partakers in the ceremony

30-03-2012 20:33:00

30-03-2012 20:33:00