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Executive Summary

Introduction Jolly's Java and Bakery (JJB) is a start-up coffee and bakery retail establishment located in southwest Washington. JJB expects to catch the interest of a regular loyal customer base with its broad variety of coffee and pastry products. The company plans to build a strong market position in the town, due to the partners' industry experience and mild competitive climate in the area. JJB aims to offer its products at a competitive price to meet the demand of the middle-to higher-income local market area residents and tourists. The Company JJB is incorporated in the state of Washington. It is equally owned and managed by its two partners. Mr. Austin Patterson has extensive experience in sales, marketing, and management, and was vice president of marketing with both Jansonne & Jansonne and Burper Foods. Mr. David Fields brings experience in the area of finance and administration, including a stint as chief financial officer with both Flaxfield Roasters and the national coffee store chain, BuzzCups. The company intends to hire two full-time pastry bakers and six part-time baristas to handle customer service and day to day operations. Products and Services JJB offers a broad range of coffee and espresso products, all from high quality Columbian grown imported coffee beans. JJB caters to all of its customers by providing each customer coffee and espresso products made to suit the customer, down to the smallest detail. The bakery provides freshly prepared bakery and pastry products at all times during business operations. Six to eight moderate batches of bakery and pastry products are prepared during the day to assure fresh baked goods are always available. The Market The retail coffee industry in the U.S. has recently experienced rapid growth. The cool marine climate in southwest Washington stimulates consumption of hot beverages throughout the year. JJB wants to establish a large regular customer base, and will therefore concentrate its business and marketing on local residents, which will be the dominant target market. This will establish a healthy, consistent revenue base to ensure stability of the business. In addition, tourist traffic is expected to comprise approximately 35% of the revenues. High visibility and competitive products and service are critical to capture this segment of the market. Financial Considerations JJB expects to raise $110,000 of its own capital, and to borrow $100,000 guaranteed by the SBA as a ten-year loan. This provides the bulk of the current financing required. JJB anticipates sales of about $491,000 in the first year, $567,000 in the second year, and $655,000 in the third year of the plan. JJB should break even by the fourth month of its operation as it steadily increases its sales. Profits for this time period are expected to be approximately $13,000 in year 1, $36,000 by year 2, and $46,000 by year 3. The company does not anticipate any cash flow problems.

Need actual charts? We recommend using LivePlan as the easiest way to create graphs for your own business plan. Create your own business plan 1.1 Mission JJB aims to offer high quality coffee, espresso, and pastry products at a competitive price to meet the demand of the middle- to higher-income local market area residents and tourists. Start Your Plan TodayOnline Business Planning Made Easy. Includes Tutorials and Books.

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for starting a business today. 1.2 Keys to Success Keys to success for JJB will include: 1. Providing the highest quality product with personal customer service. 2. Competitive pricing.

Company Summary

JJB is a bakery and coffee shop managed by two partners. These partners represent sales/management and finance/administration areas, respectively. The partners will provide funding from their own savings, which will cover start-up expenses and provide a financial cushion for the first months of operation. A tenyear Small Business Administration (SBA) loan will cover the rest of the required financing. The company plans to build a strong market position in the town, due to the partners' industry experience and mild competitive climate in the area. 2.1 Company Ownership JJB is incorporated in the state of Washington. It is equally owned by its two partners. Start Your Plan TodayOnline Business Planning Made Easy. Includes Tutorials and Books.

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2.2 Start-up Summary JJB is a start-up company. Financing will come from the partners' capital and a ten-year SBA loan. The following chart and table illustrate the company's projected initial start-up costs.

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Start-up Requirements
Start-up Expenses Legal Premise renovation Expensed equipment Other Total Start-up Expenses Start-up Assets Cash Required Other Current Assets Long-term Assets Total Assets Total Requirements $3,000 $20,000 $40,000 $1,000 $64,000 $70,000 $12,000 $65,000 $147,000 $211,000

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Start-up Funding
Start-up Expenses to Fund Start-up Assets to Fund Total Funding Required Assets Non-cash Assets from Start-up Cash Requirements from Start-up Additional Cash Raised $64,000 $147,000 $211,000 $77,000 $70,000 $0

Cash Balance on Starting Date Total Assets Liabilities and Capital Liabilities Current Borrowing Long-term Liabilities Accounts Payable (Outstanding Bills) Other Current Liabilities (interest-free) Total Liabilities Capital Planned Investment Patterson Fields Other Additional Investment Requirement Total Planned Investment Loss at Start-up (Start-up Expenses) Total Capital Total Capital and Liabilities Total Funding

$70,000 $147,000

$0 $100,000 $1,000 $0 $101,000

$55,000 $55,000 $0 $0 $110,000 ($64,000) $46,000 $147,000 $211,000

Products JJB offers a broad range of coffee and espresso products, all from high quality Columbian grown imported coffee beans. JJB caters to all of its customers by providing each customer coffee and espresso products made to suit the customer, down to the smallest detail. The bakery provides freshly prepared bakery and pastry products at all times during business operations. Six to eight moderate batches of bakery and pastry products are prepared during the day to assure fresh baked goods are always available Market Analysis Summary

JJB's focus is on meeting the demand of a regular local resident customer base, as well as a significant level of tourist traffic from nearby highways. 4.1 Market Segmentation JJB focuses on the middle- and upper-income markets. These market segments consume the majority of coffee and espresso products. Local Residents JJB wants to establish a large regular customer base. This will establish a healthy, consistent revenue base to ensure stability of the business. Tourists Tourist traffic comprises approximately 35% of the revenues. High visibility and competitive products and service are critical to capture this segment of the market. New Bplans Online CoursesFantastic New Courses Available View Our Course of The Week Now

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Start and Run a Successful Business 4.1.1 Market Analysis The chart and table below outline the total market potential of the above described customer segments.

4.2 Target Market Segment Strategy The dominant target market for JJB is a regular stream of local residents. Personal and expedient customer service at a competitive price is key to maintaining the local market share of this target market. 4.2.1 Market Needs Because Washington has a cool climate for eight months out of the year, hot coffee products are very much in demand. During the remaining warmer four months of the year, iced coffee products are in significantly high demand, along with a slower but consistent demand for hot coffee products. Much of the day's activity occurs in the morning hours before ten a.m., with a relatively steady flow for the remainder of the day. 4.3 Service Business Analysis The retail coffee industry in the U.S. has recently experienced rapid growth. The cool marine climate in southwest Washington stimulates consumption of hot beverages throughout the year. Coffee drinkers in the Pacific Northwest are finicky about the quality of beverages offered at the numerous coffee bars across the region. Despite low competition in the immediate area, JJB will position itself as a place where customers can enjoy a cup of delicious coffee with a fresh pastry in a relaxing environment. 4.3.1 Competition and Buying Patterns Competition in the local area is somewhat sparse and does not provide nearly the level of product quality and customer service as JJB. Local customers are looking for a high quality product in a relaxing atmosphere. They desire a unique, classy experience. Leading competitors purchase and roast high quality, whole-bean coffees and, along with Italian-style espresso beverages, cold-blended beverages, a variety of pastries and confections, coffee-related accessories and equipment, and a line of premium teas, sell these items primarily through companyoperated retail stores. In addition to sales through company-operated retail stores, leading competitors sell coffee and tea products through other channels of distribution (specialty operations). Larger chains vary their product mix depending upon the size of each store and its location. Larger stores carry a broad selection of whole bean coffees in various sizes and types of packaging, as well as an assortment of coffee- and espresso-making equipment and accessories such as coffee grinders, coffee makers, espresso machines, coffee filters, storage containers, travel tumblers and mugs. Smaller stores and kiosks typically sell a full line of coffee beverages, a more limited selection of whole-bean coffees, and a few accessories such as travel tumblers and logo mugs. During fiscal year 2000, industry retail sales mix by product type was approximately 73% beverages, 14% food items, eight percent whole-bean coffees, and five percent coffee-making equipment and accessories. Technologically savvy competitors make fresh coffee and coffee-related products conveniently available via mail order and online. Additionally, mail order catalogs offering coffees, certain food items, and select coffee-making equipment and accessories, have been made available by a few larger competitors. Websites offering online stores that allow customers to browse for and purchase coffee, gifts, and other items via the Internet have become more commonplace as well.

Strategy and Implementation Summary

JJB will succeed by offering consumers high quality coffee, espresso, and bakery products with personal service at a competitive price. 5.1 Competitive Edge JJB's competitive edge is the relatively low level of competition in the local area in this particular niche. Sales & Marketing Pro 2012Your Sales and Marketing Plans. Start Today. Instant Download.

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Includes Tutorials and Books. 5.2 Sales Strategy

As the chart and table show, JJB anticipates sales of about $491,000 in the first year, $567,000 in the second year, and $655,000 in the third year of the plan.

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Sales Forecast
Year 1 Unit Sales Espresso Drinks Pastry Items 135,000 86,000 Year 2 148,500 94,600 Year 3 163,350 104,060

Other Total Unit Sales Unit Prices Espresso Drinks Pastry Items Other Sales Espresso Drinks Pastry Items Other Total Sales Direct Unit Costs Espresso Drinks Pastry Items Other Direct Cost of Sales Espresso Drinks Pastry Items Other Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales

0 221,000 Year 1 $3.00 $1.00 $0.00 $405,000 $86,000 $0 $491,000 Year 1 $0.25 $0.50 $0.00 $33,750 $43,000 $0 $76,750

0 243,100 Year 2 $3.15 $1.05 $0.00 $467,775 $99,330 $0 $567,105 Year 2 $0.26 $0.53 $0.00 $38,981 $49,665 $0 $88,646

0 267,410 Year 3 $3.31 $1.10 $0.00 $540,280 $114,726 $0 $655,006 Year 3 $0.28 $0.55 $0.00 $45,023 $57,363 $0 $102,386

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Management Summary

Austin Patterson has extensive experience in sales, marketing, and management, and was vice president of marketing with both Jansonne & Jansonne and Burper Foods. David Fields brings experience in the area of finance and administration, including a stint as chief financial officer with both Flaxfield Roasters and the national coffee store chain, BuzzCups. 6.1 Personnel Plan As the personnel plan shows, JJB expects to make significant investments in sales, sales support, and product development personnel. Research Your IndustryNeed to Get Figures on Your Industry? Free Year Financial Reports Available

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Personnel Plan
Managers Pastry Bakers Baristas Other Total People Total Payroll Year 1 $100,000 $40,800 $120,000 $0 10 $260,800 Year 2 $105,000 $42,840 $126,000 $0 10 $273,840 Year 3 $110,250 $44,982 $132,300 $0 10 $287,532

Financial Plan

JJB expects to raise $110,000 of its own capital, and to borrow $100,000 guaranteed by the SBA as a ten-year loan. This provides the bulk of the current financing required. 7.1 Break-even Analysis JJB's Break-even Analysis is based on the average of the first-year figures for total sales by units, and by operating expenses. These are presented as per-unit revenue, per-unit cost, and fixed costs. These conservative assumptions make for a more accurate estimate of real risk. JJB should break even by the fourth month of its operation as it steadily increases its sales. New Bplans Online CoursesFantastic New Courses Available View Our Course of The Week Now

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Break-even Analysis
Monthly Units Break-even Monthly Revenue Break-even Assumptions: Average Per-Unit Revenue Average Per-Unit Variable Cost Estimated Monthly Fixed Cost 17,255 $38,336 $2.22 $0.35 $32,343

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Pro Forma Profit and Loss


Year 1 Sales Direct Cost of Sales Other Total Cost of Sales Gross Margin Gross Margin % Expenses Payroll Sales and Marketing and Other Expenses Depreciation Utilities Payroll Taxes Other Total Operating Expenses Profit Before Interest and Taxes EBITDA Interest Expense Taxes Incurred Net Profit Net Profit/Sales $491,000 $76,750 $0 $76,750 $414,250 84.37% $260,800 $27,000 $60,000 $1,200 $39,120 $0 $388,120 $26,130 $86,130 $10,000 $3,111 $13,019 2.65% Year 2 $567,105 $88,646 $0 $88,646 $478,459 84.37% $273,840 $35,200 $69,000 $1,260 $41,076 $0 $420,376 $58,083 $127,083 $9,500 $12,146 $36,437 6.43% Year 3 $655,006 $102,386 $0 $102,386 $552,620 84.37% $287,532 $71,460 $79,350 $1,323 $43,130 $0 $482,795 $69,825 $149,175 $8,250 $15,650 $45,925 7.01%

7.3 Projected Cash Flow The cash flow projection shows that provisions for ongoing expenses are adequate to meet JJB's needs as the business generates cash flow sufficient to support operations.

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Pro Forma Cash Flow


Year 1 Cash Received Year 2 Year 3

Cash from Operations Cash Sales Subtotal Cash from Operations Additional Cash Received Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received New Current Borrowing New Other Liabilities (interest-free) New Long-term Liabilities Sales of Other Current Assets Sales of Long-term Assets New Investment Received Subtotal Cash Received Expenditures Expenditures from Operations Cash Spending Bill Payments Subtotal Spent on Operations Additional Cash Spent Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing Other Liabilities Principal Repayment Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment Purchase Other Current Assets Purchase Long-term Assets Dividends Subtotal Cash Spent Net Cash Flow Cash Balance

$491,000 $491,000 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $491,000 Year 1 $260,800 $143,607 $404,407 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $404,407 $86,593 $156,593

$567,105 $567,105 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $567,105 Year 2 $273,840 $186,964 $460,804 $0 $0 $0 $10,000 $0 $20,000 $0 $490,804 $76,301 $232,894

$655,006 $655,006 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $655,006 Year 3 $287,532 $237,731 $525,263 $0 $0 $0 $15,000 $0 $20,000 $0 $560,263 $94,744 $327,637

7.4 Balance Sheet The following is a projected Balance Sheet for JJB.

Pro Forma Balance Sheet


Year 1 Assets Current Assets Cash Other Current Assets Total Current Assets Long-term Assets Long-term Assets Accumulated Depreciation Total Long-term Assets Total Assets Liabilities and Capital Current Liabilities Accounts Payable Current Borrowing Other Current Liabilities Subtotal Current Liabilities Long-term Liabilities Year 2 Year 3

$156,593 $12,000 $168,593 $65,000 $60,000 $5,000 $173,593 Year 1 $14,574 $0 $0 $14,574 $100,000

$232,894 $12,000 $244,894 $85,000 $129,000 ($44,000) $200,894 Year 2 $15,438 $0 $0 $15,438 $90,000

$327,637 $12,000 $339,637 $105,000 $208,350 ($103,350) $236,287 Year 3 $19,907 $0 $0 $19,907 $75,000

Total Liabilities Paid-in Capital Retained Earnings Earnings Total Capital Total Liabilities and Capital Net Worth

$114,574 $110,000 ($64,000) $13,019 $59,019 $173,593 $59,019

$105,438 $110,000 ($50,981) $36,437 $95,456 $200,894 $95,456

$94,907 $110,000 ($14,544) $45,925 $141,381 $236,287 $141,381

7.5 Business Ratios The following table represents key ratios for the retail bakery and coffee shop industry. These ratios are determined by the Standard Industry Classification (SIC) Index code 5812, Eating Places.

Ratio Analysis
Sales Growth Percent of Total Assets Other Current Assets Total Current Assets Long-term Assets Total Assets Current Liabilities Long-term Liabilities Total Liabilities Net Worth Percent of Sales Sales Gross Margin Selling, General & Administrative Expenses Advertising Expenses Profit Before Interest and Taxes Main Ratios Current Quick Total Debt to Total Assets Pre-tax Return on Net Worth Pre-tax Return on Assets Additional Ratios Net Profit Margin Return on Equity Activity Ratios Accounts Payable Turnover Payment Days Total Asset Turnover Debt Ratios Debt to Net Worth Current Liab. to Liab. Liquidity Ratios Net Working Capital Interest Coverage Additional Ratios Assets to Sales Year 1 0.00% 6.91% 97.12% 2.88% 100.00% 8.40% 57.61% 66.00% 34.00% 100.00% 84.37% 74.74% 0.49% 5.32% 11.57 11.57 66.00% 27.33% 9.29% Year 1 2.65% 22.06% 10.79 27 2.83 1.94 0.13 $154,019 2.61 0.35 Year 2 15.50% 5.97% 121.90% -21.90% 100.00% 7.68% 44.80% 52.48% 47.52% 100.00% 84.37% 71.43% 1.76% 10.24% 15.86 15.86 52.48% 50.90% 24.18% Year 2 6.43% 38.17% 12.17 29 2.82 1.10 0.15 $229,456 6.11 0.35 Year 3 15.50% 5.08% 143.74% -43.74% 100.00% 8.42% 31.74% 40.17% 59.83% 100.00% 84.37% 71.39% 6.87% 10.66% 17.06 17.06 40.17% 43.55% 26.06% Year 3 7.01% 32.48% 12.17 27 2.77 0.67 0.21 $319,731 8.46 0.36 Industry Profile 7.60% 35.60% 43.70% 56.30% 100.00% 32.70% 28.50% 61.20% 38.80% 100.00% 60.50% 39.80% 3.20% 0.70% 0.98 0.65 61.20% 1.70% 4.30% n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a

Current Debt/Total Assets Acid Test Sales/Net Worth Dividend Payout

8% 11.57 8.32 0.00

8% 15.86 5.94 0.00

8% 17.06 4.63 0.00

n.a n.a n.a n.a

Appendix
Sales Forecast
Month Month Month Month Month Month Month Month Month Month 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Unit Sales Espresso Drinks Pastry Items Other Total Unit Sales Unit Prices Espresso Drinks Pastry Items Other Sales Espresso Drinks Pastry Items Other Total Sales Direct Unit Costs Espresso Drinks Pastry Items Other Direct Cost of Sales Espresso Drinks Pastry Items Other Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales $1,250 $1,000 $0 $2,250 $1,875 $1,500 $0 $3,375 $2,500 $3,000 $0 $5,500 $3,125 $4,167 $0 $7,292 $3,125 $4,167 $0 $7,292 $3,125 $4,167 $0 $7,292 $3,125 $4,167 $0 $7,292 $3,125 $4,167 $0 $7,292 $3,125 $4,167 $0 $7,292 $3,125 $4,167 $0 $7,292 $3,125 $4,167 $0 $7,292 $3,125 $4,167 $0 $7,292 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% $15,000 $22,500 $30,000 $37,500 $37,500 $37,500 $37,500 $37,500 $37,500 $37,500 $37,500 $2,000 $0 $3,000 $0 $6,000 $0 $8,333 $0 $8,333 $0 $8,333 $0 $8,333 $0 $8,333 $0 $8,333 $0 $8,333 $0 $8,333 $0 Month 11 $0.25 $0.50 $0.00 $37,500 $8,333 $0 $45,833 Month 12 $0.25 $0.50 $0.00 0% 0% 0% 5,000 2,000 0 7,000 7,500 3,000 0 10,500 10,000 6,000 0 16,000 12,500 8,333 0 20,833 12,500 8,333 0 20,833 12,500 8,333 0 20,833 12,500 8,333 0 20,833 12,500 8,333 0 20,833 12,500 8,333 0 20,833 12,500 8,333 0 20,833 12,500 8,333 0 20,833 Month 11 $3.00 $1.00 $0.00 12,500 8,333 0 20,833 Month 12 $3.00 $1.00 $0.00 Month 11 Month 12

Month Month Month Month Month Month Month Month Month Month 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 $3.00 $1.00 $0.00 $3.00 $1.00 $0.00 $3.00 $1.00 $0.00 $3.00 $1.00 $0.00 $3.00 $1.00 $0.00 $3.00 $1.00 $0.00 $3.00 $1.00 $0.00 $3.00 $1.00 $0.00 $3.00 $1.00 $0.00 $3.00 $1.00 $0.00

$17,000 $25,500 $36,000 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 Month Month Month Month Month Month Month Month Month Month 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 $0.25 $0.50 $0.00 $0.25 $0.50 $0.00 $0.25 $0.50 $0.00 $0.25 $0.50 $0.00 $0.25 $0.50 $0.00 $0.25 $0.50 $0.00 $0.25 $0.50 $0.00 $0.25 $0.50 $0.00 $0.25 $0.50 $0.00 $0.25 $0.50 $0.00

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Month Month Month Month Month Month Month Month Month Month Month 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Managers Pastry Bakers Baristas Other Total People Total Payroll 0% 0% 0% $8,333 $8,333 $3,400 $3,400 $0 10 $0 10 $8,333 $8,333 $3,400 $3,400 $0 10 $0 10 $8,333 $8,333 $3,400 $3,400 $0 10 $0 10 $8,333 $8,333 $3,400 $3,400 $0 10 $0 10 $8,333 $8,333 $3,400 $3,400 $0 10 $0 10 $8,333 $3,400 $0 10 Month 12 $8,333 $3,400 $10,000 $0 10 $21,733

0% $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000

$21,733 $21,733 $21,733 $21,733 $21,733 $21,733 $21,733 $21,733 $21,733 $21,733 $21,733

General Assumptions
Month 1 Plan Month Current Interest Rate Long-term Interest Rate Tax Rate Other 1 Month 2 2 Month 3 3 Month 4 4 Month 5 5 Month 6 6 Month 7 7 Month 8 8 Month 9 9 Month 10 10 Month 11 11 Month 12 12 10.00% 10.00% 25.00% 0

10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 30.00% 25.00% 25.00% 25.00% 25.00% 25.00% 25.00% 25.00% 25.00% 25.00% 25.00% 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Pro Forma Profit and Loss


Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12

Sales Direct Cost of Sales Other Total Cost of Sales Gross Margin Gross Margin % Expenses Payroll Sales and Marketing and Other Expenses Depreciation Utilities Payroll Taxes Other Total Operating Expenses Profit Before Interest and Taxes EBITDA Interest Expense Taxes Incurred Net Profit Net Profit/Sales 15% 5% 15%

$17,000 $2,250 $0 $2,250 $14,750 86.76% $21,733 $2,250 $5,000 $100 $3,260 $0 $32,343

$25,500 $36,000 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $3,375 $0 $3,375 $5,500 $0 $5,500 $7,292 $0 $7,292 $7,292 $0 $7,292 $7,292 $0 $7,292 $7,292 $0 $7,292 $7,292 $0 $7,292 $7,292 $0 $7,292 84.09% $7,292 $0 $7,292 84.09% $7,292 $0 $7,292 84.09%

$45,833 $7,292 $0 $7,292 $38,542 84.09% $21,733 $2,250 $5,000 $100 $3,260 $0 $32,343 $6,198 $11,198 $833 $1,341 $4,024 8.78%

$22,125 $30,500 $38,542 $38,542 $38,542 $38,542 $38,542 $38,542 $38,542 $38,542 86.76% 84.72% 84.09% 84.09% 84.09% 84.09% 84.09%

$21,733 $21,733 $21,733 $21,733 $21,733 $21,733 $21,733 $21,733 $21,733 $21,733 $2,250 $5,000 $100 $3,260 $0 $2,250 $5,000 $100 $3,260 $0 $2,250 $5,000 $100 $3,260 $0 $2,250 $5,000 $100 $3,260 $0 $2,250 $5,000 $100 $3,260 $0 $2,250 $5,000 $100 $3,260 $0 $2,250 $5,000 $100 $3,260 $0 $2,250 $5,000 $100 $3,260 $0 $2,250 $5,000 $100 $3,260 $0 $2,250 $5,000 $100 $3,260 $0

$32,343 $32,343 $32,343 $32,343 $32,343 $32,343 $32,343 $32,343 $32,343 $32,343 $6,198 $833 $1,341 $4,024 8.78% $6,198 $833 $1,341 $4,024 8.78% $6,198 $833 $1,341 $4,024 8.78% $6,198 $833 $1,341 $4,024 8.78% $6,198 $833 $1,341 $4,024 8.78% $6,198 $833 $1,341 $4,024 8.78% $6,198 $833 $1,341 $4,024 8.78% $6,198 $833 $1,341 $4,024 8.78%

($17,593) ($10,218) ($1,843) ($12,593) $833 ($5,528) ($12,899) ($5,218) $833 ($2,763) $833 ($669) -5.58%

$3,157 $11,198 $11,198 $11,198 $11,198 $11,198 $11,198 $11,198 $11,198

($8,289) ($2,007)

-75.87% -32.50%

Pro Forma Cash Flow


Month Month Month Month Month 1 2 3 4 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Cash Received Cash from Operations Cash Sales Subtotal Cash from Operations Additional Cash Received Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received New Current Borrowing New Other Liabilities (interest-free) New Long-term Liabilities Sales of Other Current Assets Sales of Long-term Assets New Investment Received Subtotal Cash Received Expenditures Expenditures from Operations Cash Spending Bill Payments Subtotal Spent on Operations Additional Cash Spent Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing Other Liabilities Principal Repayment Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment Purchase Other Current Assets Purchase Long-term Assets Dividends Subtotal Cash Spent Net Cash Flow Cash Balance $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 ($5,839) $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $472 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $9,024 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $36,810 $9,024 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $36,810 $9,024 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $36,810 $9,024 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $36,810 $9,024 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $36,810 $9,024 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $36,810 $9,024 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $36,810 $9,024 $156,593 $21,733 $21,733 $21,733 $21,733 $21,733 $1,106 $3,295 $7,196 $11,401 $15,076 $21,733 $15,076 $36,810 $21,733 $15,076 $36,810 $21,733 $15,076 $36,810 $21,733 $15,076 $36,810 $21,733 $15,076 $36,810 $21,733 $15,076 $36,810 $21,733 $15,076 $36,810 0.00% $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $45,833 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $45,833 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $45,833 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $45,833 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $45,833 Month 10 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $45,833 Month 11 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $45,833 Month 12 $17,000 $25,500 $36,000 $45,833 $45,833 $17,000 $25,500 $36,000 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 $45,833 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12

$17,000 $25,500 $36,000 $45,833 $45,833

Month Month Month Month Month 1 2 3 4 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9

$22,839 $25,028 $28,929 $33,134 $36,810

$22,839 $25,028 $28,929 $33,134 $36,810 $7,071 $12,699

$64,161 $64,633 $71,703 $84,403 $93,426 $102,450 $111,474 $120,498 $129,521 $138,545 $147,569

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Pro Forma Balance Sheet
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Assets Current Assets Cash Other Current Assets Total Current Assets Long-term Assets Long-term Assets Accumulated Depreciation Total Long-term Assets Total Assets Liabilities and Capital Current Liabilities Accounts Payable Current Borrowing Other Current Liabilities Subtotal Current Liabilities Long-term Liabilities Total Liabilities Paid-in Capital Retained Earnings Earnings Total Capital Total Liabilities and Capital Net Worth $1,000 $0 $0 $1,000 $3,060 $0 $0 $3,060 $6,820 $0 $0 $6,820 $10,898 $0 $0 $10,898 $14,574 $0 $0 $14,574 $14,574 $0 $0 $14,574 $14,574 $0 $0 $14,574 $14,574 $0 $0 $14,574 $14,574 $0 $0 $14,574 $14,574 $0 $0 $14,574 $14,574 $0 $0 $14,574 $14,574 $0 $0 $14,574 $14,574 $0 $0 $14,574 $100,000 $114,574 $110,000 ($64,000) $13,019 $59,019 $173,593 $65,000 $0 $65,000 $65,000 $5,000 $60,000 $65,000 $10,000 $55,000 $65,000 $15,000 $50,000 $65,000 $20,000 $45,000 $65,000 $25,000 $40,000 $65,000 $30,000 $35,000 $65,000 $35,000 $30,000 $65,000 $40,000 $25,000 $65,000 $45,000 $20,000 $65,000 $50,000 $15,000 $65,000 $55,000 $10,000 $65,000 $60,000 $5,000 $173,593 Month 12 $70,000 $12,000 $82,000 $64,161 $12,000 $76,161 $64,633 $12,000 $76,633 $71,703 $12,000 $83,703 $84,403 $12,000 $93,426 $102,450 $111,474 $120,498 $129,521 $138,545 $147,569 $12,000 $12,000 $12,000 $12,000 $12,000 $12,000 $12,000 $156,593 $12,000 $168,593 Starting Balances Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12

$96,403 $105,426 $114,450 $123,474 $132,498 $141,521 $150,545 $159,569

$147,000 $136,161 $131,633 $133,703 $141,403 $145,426 $149,450 $153,474 $157,498 $161,521 $165,545 $169,569 Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11

$100,000 $100,000 $100,000 $100,000 $100,000 $100,000 $100,000 $100,000 $100,000 $100,000 $100,000 $100,000 $101,000 $103,060 $106,820 $110,898 $114,574 $114,574 $114,574 $114,574 $114,574 $114,574 $114,574 $114,574 $110,000 $110,000 $110,000 $110,000 $110,000 $110,000 $110,000 $110,000 $110,000 $110,000 $110,000 $110,000 ($64,000) ($64,000) ($64,000) ($64,000) ($64,000) ($64,000) ($64,000) ($64,000) ($64,000) ($64,000) ($64,000) ($64,000) $0 ($12,899) ($21,187) ($23,195) ($19,171) ($15,147) ($11,124) $46,000 $33,101 $24,813 $22,805 $26,829 $30,853 $34,876 ($7,100) $38,900 ($3,076) $42,924 $948 $46,948 $4,971 $50,971 $8,995 $54,995

$147,000 $136,161 $131,633 $133,703 $141,403 $145,426 $149,450 $153,474 $157,498 $161,521 $165,545 $169,569

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