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CONTENTS

1.0 Power Sector Development in India 2


1.1 Advantages of Hydro Power 3
1.2 Need for Hydro Share Correction 3
1.3 Investment Step up 4
2.0 Hydro Development
2.1 Initiatives Taken by the Government for Hydro Power Development 5
2.2 First Hydroelectric Survey of India (1953-59) 7
2.3 Reassessment of Hydroelectric Potential (1978-87) 7
2.4 Categorisation of Hydroelectric Potential: Ranking Study 8
3.0 Feasibility Studies
3.1 Identification of Projects for PFRs 10
3.2 The Next Step 10
3.3 Contents of Preliminary Feasibility Reports 10
3.4 Preparation of Preliminary Feasibility Reports of Hydroelectric Projects- the
Methodology and Responsibility of each 12
3.5 Consultants 15
3.6 Summary of PFRs Entrusted to the Consultants 17
3.7 ReviewMechanism 17
4.0 Implementation of Projects 18

Annex -I Regionwise/ Statewise Breakup of Ranking Study 19


Annex -II Statewise/ Consultant wise Breakup of Schemes for Preparation of PFRs 20
1.0 Power Sector Development in India
Harnessed energy has become a symbol of growth and instrument for development. Electric power particularly
the hydro is among the cleanest end use energy inputs for economic activity, domestic and civic conveniences,
climate control, communication and technology. The Ministry of Power has set an objective of providing
“Power for all by 2012”. This will entail electrification of all villages by 2007 and of all households by 2012.
The infrastructure would need the availability of assured and quality power at affordable price through
reliable and adequate generation, transmission and distribution facilities.

Power generation in India began more than a century ago in 1898 when the first hydro power unit was set
up at Darjeeling. When India attained freedom in 1947, the country had an installed capacity of 1,360
MW. The present installed generating capacity in the country is 1,07,973 MW. The share of hydro with
26,910 MW capacity is about 25%. Thermal accounts for maximum share of 71% with 76,607 MW. It
comprises of 63,801 MW from Coal, 11,633 MW from Gas and 1,173 MW from Diesel. The share of
Nuclear is about 2.5% with 2,720 MW while Wind accounts for the balance 1,736 MW. The attainment is
significant. However what we achieved in over 50 years will need to be attained now in nearly 10 years.

Shares in Installed Capacity - March, 2003

The present annual energy requirement in 2002-03 was 5,45,674 MU, of which only 4,97,589 MU were
available, leaving a shortfall of 8.8%. While the peaking requirement was 81,492 MW in 2002-03, a peak
of 71,547 MW only could be met, leaving a shortage of 12.2%.

The 16th Electric Power Survey (EPS) carried out by the Central Electricity Authority has projected a peak
demand of 1,15,705 MW and an energy requirement of 7,19,097 MU by the end of 10th Plan while the
requirement by the end of 11th Plan has been projected as 9,75,222 MU and 1,57,107 MW respectively.

Accordingly at the end of the 10th Plan, an additional capacity of 55,158 MW is needed. However it is likely
that a capacity addition of 41,110 MW would only be feasible during the period keeping in view the
financial level of the power sector and preparedness of projects. The effort is to close the deficit by the end
of the 11th Plan to ensure “Power for all by 2012”.

The Indian power system requirement had been assessed to need a hydro power and thermal/nuclear power
mix in the ratio of 40:60 for flexibility in system operation depending on typical load pattern. The present
ratio is 25:75 which needs to be corrected immediately to meet peak load requirements as well as system
and frequency stability.

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The estimated hydro potential in the country is 1,50,000 MW (corresponding to 84,044 MW at 60% load factor)
out of which only 26,910 MW amounting to 18% of the total potential has been harnessed. While 14,393 MW
hydro capacity is planned to be added in 10th Plan, action has been taken to ensure that more than 20,000
MW of hydro capacity is added during the 11th Plan period.

Global Scenario

1.1 Advantages of Hydro Power

Hydro power is a renewable, economic, non polluting and environmentally benign source of energy. Hydro
power stations have the inherent ability for instantaneous starting, stopping, load variations etc. and help
in improving reliability of power system. There is no fuel cost during the life of the station as hydro power
generation is a non consumptive use of water.

The benefits of hydro power as a clean, environment friendly and economically attractive source of energy
have now been sufficiently recognised. The need for its accelerated development also comes from its
capability of enhanced system reliability and economics of utilization of resources.

1.2 Need for Hydro Share Correction

At the time of Independence, the share of hydro in the total installed capacity was around 37% which
continued to rise, crossing 50% in the year 1963. The share of hydro, however, started declining thereafter.
Until the late seventies, the share of hydro remained above 40%, considered to be the ideal hydro-thermal
mix for meeting the demand in an efficient manner. However, ever since the eighties, the share of hydro
has started declining sharply and at present, the share of hydro constitutes only about 25% of the overall
installed capacity of the country.

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1.3 Investment Step up
In view of the various geological risks and engineering difficulties that are encountered in the development
of hydroelectric power projects, private sector development has been slow in spite of good enthusiasm and
incentives. Consequently, hydro power development has been taken up primarily through the public sector
in the 10th & 11th Plans. The Central public sector outlay for hydro power development has been enhanced
from Rs. 12,306 Crs. to Rs. 25,839 Crs. and Budgetary support from Rs. 9,284 Crs. to Rs. 17,511 Crs.
during the 10th Plan as compared to that in the 9th Plan.

Gross budgetary Support (GBS) and Plan Outlay (Rs. Crs.)

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2.0 Hydro Development

2.1 Initiatives taken by the Government for Hydro Power Development

To encourage greater participation by Indian and foreign entrepreneurs in hydroelectric power generation, a
number of measures have been taken by the Government for increasing the hydro capacity :

a) Policy Liberalisation

To accelerate capacity addition in the Power Sector, a policy to encourage greater participation by private
entrepreneurs in India and abroad in electric power generation has been announced. The Government has
issued notifications for hydro projects incorporating several incentives to private developers which broadly
cover incentives for better availability of machines, for generation of extra energy above design energy,
compensation for hydrological risks, etc.

i) Policy on Hydro Power Development

A Hydro Policy was announced in Aug.1998 for the development of hydro power incorporating several
enabling steps and measures. The Hydro Policy among other things lays emphasis on basin wise development,
evolving consensus on inter-state issues, mitigation of geological risks, simplified procedure for transfer of
clearances, promoting joint venture arrangements etc. Main features of the policy are as under:
· Additional budgetary support for ongoing and new Hydro Projects under Central PSUs.
· Creation of Power Development Fund by levying cess on electricity generated in the country.
· Basin-wise Development of hydro Potential.
· Advance action for Capacity Addition in the 10th Plan & beyond.
· Emphasis on Survey & Investigations.
· Resolution of Inter-State issues.
· Renovation, Modernisation & Uprating of existing hydro stations.
· Promoting Small & Mini Hydel Projects.
· Simplified Procedures for Transfer of Clearances by CEA.
· Rationalisation of Hydro Tariff by allowing premium on sale rate during peak period.
· Realistic estimates of completion cost considering geological surprises.
· Promoting Hydel Projects with Joint Ventures.

· Selection of Developer through MOU/Bidding route.

· Govt. Support for Land Acquisition, Resettlement and Rehabilitation, Catchment Area Development etc.

Some of the measures announced by Govt. of India have already been introduced which include Simplified
Procedures for transfer of Techno-Economic Clearances, Streamlining of Clearance process and introduction of
Three-Stage Clearance approach for development of hydro Projects in Central Sector/ Joint Ventures etc.

The CERC has approved 5% hydro development surcharge on annual fixed charges for central hydro power
generation.

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ii) Three Stage Clearance Procedure

The Government has also approved a Three Stage Clearance procedure for hydro projects to be executed by
the CPSUs in consultation with the Ministries of Finance and Environment and Forests. Under Stage-I, the
CPSUs will incur expenditure on survey, investigation and preparation of a pre-feasibility report. Under
Stage-II, the CPSUs will undertake activities relating to detailed investigation and preparation of Detailed Project
Report. During this Stage, pre-construction activities and infrastructure development including land acquisition will
also be undertaken. Under Stage-III, investment sanction will be accorded through the PIB/ CCEA.

iii) The investment policy has been made more attractive from time to time and provides for (i) Debt:Equity ratio
up to 4:1 (ii) 100% foreign equity participation (iii) liberalized rates of depreciation in respect of assets (iv)
import of equipment for power projects at concessional customs duty (v) 16% rate of return on equity (vi)
Generating companies can sell power on the basis of a suitably structured two part tariff - one part to cover
fixed costs and the other to cover variable costs at a prescribed level of performance.

iv) Since hydroelectric projects have lower internal rate of return compared to the thermal and gas based
projects, the Government has notified new norms for incentives where the availability factor threshold has
been reduced from 90% to 85%. Similarly, the sale rate of secondary energy has been notified at the same
rate as primary energy.

v) The procedures relating to transfer of clearances from State Government to Central Public Sector Undertakings
and State Government to Private Sector have been simplified. Under the revised guidelines, clearance is
automatically transferred to the new agency if the scope of work has not changed and CEA only examines
the revised cost and financial package of the new proposal before transferring the clearance.

vi) Ceiling limits of capital costs upto which techno-economic clearance of CEA is not required has been
enhanced, inter-alia, for hydro projects. According to the present notification issued under Section 29 of the
Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948, hydro projects are covered by the following limits :

y Rs. 250 Crores for projects awarded through the MOU route.

yRs. 1,000 Crores for projects awarded through competitive bidding.

y Rs. 2,500 Crores for projects whose tariff is determined by the CERC/ SERCs.

All hydro-electric projects utilizing water of inter-state rivers shall be submitted to CEA for its concurrence
(irrespective of capital cost).

b) Creation of Power Utilities in Central Sector

Government has taken many steps and measures to boost Hydro Power Development. Hydro power
corporations in the central sector and the joint sector (central and state) National Hydro-electric Power
Corporation (NHPC), North-Eastern Electric Power Corporation (NEEPCO), Nathpa-Jhakri Power Corporation
(NJPC) renamed as Satluj Jal Vidut Nigam Limited (SJVNL) and Tehri Hydro Development Corporation (THDC)
have been created. Besides, National Thermal Power Corporation Ltd. (NTPC) has also been authorised to
take up hydro projects (Kol Dam). Narmada Hydro Development Corporation (NHDC), a joint venture of
NHPC and MP Govt. has been constituted to implement Indirasagar (1000 MW) and Omkareshwar
(520 MW) HE projects.

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2.2 First Hydroelectric Survey of India (1953-59)

The first systematic Hydro Electric Survey of India was undertaken by the erstwhile Central Water & Power
Commission (CW&PC) during1953-59. According to this survey, Hydro Electric Potential of the country was
assessed as about 42 Million kW from a total of about 250 schemes. The results of the first survey proved
useful in chartering the course of hydroelectric development of the country for about two decades.

2.3 Reassessment of Hydroelectric Potential (1978-87)

· The Reassessment Studies (1978-87) of Hydro Electric Potential were undertaken by Central Electricity
Authority (CEA) on the advice of Planning Commission which had expressed concern over the lack of
availability of up to date data regarding hydro electric potential of the country.

· Planning Commission had opined that in view of the spurt in fuel cost and technical advancements made
in hydro project construction, some of the hydel schemes not considered economically attractive in the fifties
would have since become viable.

· The country’s power system had experienced tremendous growth and regional grid networks increased the
energy utilization capability.

· Very useful hydrological, meterological and other related data was also available consequent to large-scale
development of water resources in the country during fifties & sixties.

The scope of the Reassessment Studies also included Assessment of Gross Theoretical Potential, Secondary
Energy contribution and Identification of possible sites for Pumped Storage development in addition to
assessment of economic potential and computation of annual energy contribution in dependable and average
flow conditions.

The Reassessment Study completed in 1987 revealed that the Hydro Electric Power Potential of the
country was of the order of about 84 million kW from a total of 845 schemes as against 42 million kW
from 250 schemes identified at the time of the first survey. 56 sites for development of Pumped Storage
Schemes with total likely installed capacity of about 94,000 MW were also identified in various regions of
the country.

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River Basin-wise Hydroelectric Power Potential Identified in Reassessment Studies
River Basin No. of Potential at 60% load Date of Completion
Schemes factor (MW) of Study
Indus 190 19,988 March,1983
Brahmaputra 226 34,920 January, 1984
Ganga 142 10,715 August, 1984
Central Indian 53 2,740 June, 1985
River
West Flowing Rivers 94 6,149 November,1985
of Southern India
East flowing Rivers 140 9,532 April, 1986
of Southern India
Total 845 84,044
(equivalent Installed capacity-1,50,000 MW)
Pumped Storage
Scheme sites 56 94,000MW August, 1984

2.4 Categorisation of Hydroelectric Potential: Ranking Studies

To give necessary fillip for development of the balance Hydroelectric schemes, CEA undertook Ranking
Studies to determine inter-se priority for their development. The objective of this exercise was to facilitate
identification of the projects for implementation in order of their priority so that hydro development could
be taken up in appropriate sequence.

2.4.1 Projects Identified

With a view to prioritise the large number of identified schemes to harness vast untapped hydro resources
in the order of their attractiveness for implementation, ranking studies were carried by CEA and 399
schemes were prioritised under categories A, B & C. Category-’A’ schemes were considered more
attractive than Category-‘B’ schemes and Category-‘B’ schemes being more attractive than Category-
‘C’ schemes. The studies were carried out in consultation with Ministry of Environment & Forest, Central
Water Commission, Geological Survey of India, National Remote Sensing Agency, Survey of India etc. The
Ranking Study gives inter-se prioritisation of the projects which could be considered for further implementation
including their survey & investigation so that hydro power development is effected in an appropriate
sequence. The Ranking Study was completed in 2001-02.

2.4.2 Process of Ranking Study

Ranking Study generally involved sophisticated desk studies of all secondary topographical and hydrological
data. For this purpose latest topo sheets were obtained from Survey of India. In addition, Satellite imageries
were also obtained from NRSA for Indus Basin.

Ten major aspects pertaining to development of the identified projects, which play vital role in the
implementation of the hydro projects were adopted in the criteria considered for ranking study. For each
of the criteria, certain marks with weightage ranging from minimum of 6 to maximum of 15 were allotted.
These aspects are R&R Aspects, International Aspects, Inter-state Aspects, Potential of the Scheme, Type of
Scheme, Height of Dam, Length of Tunnel/Channel, Accessibility to Site, Status of the Project, Status of

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Upstream or Downstream Hydel Development. These criteria were discussed in detail at a Consultation
Forum involving various organisations from different spheres involving technical/ commercial/ financial
institutions/ confederations/ associations/ utilities/ experts and bodies.
On the basis of the Marks obtained, schemes were ranked into A, B and C categories as below:

Category Total Marks


A 80 & above
B 60 to 79
C 40 to 59

2.4.3 Conclusions
The River Basin-wise summary of categorisation of the schemes ranked by CEA is given
below:
River Basin-wise Summary of Categorisation of the Schemes Ranked by CEA

Sl. River system Category A Category B Category C Total

No. Nos MW Nos MW Nos MW Nos. MW

1 Indus 11 4088 51 8811 17 6080 79 18979


2 Ganga 20 2023 54 9616 1 600 75 12239
3 Central Indian 3 283 9 1425 1 186 13 1894
4 East Flowing 11 1412 26 6469 2 88 39 7969
5 West Flowing 1 35 10 958 14 1508 25 2501
6 Brahmaputra 52 7800 97 42574 19 12954 168 63328
Total: 98 15641 247 69853 54 21416 399 106910

State-wise break up of results of Ranking Studies is given in Annex.-I

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3.0 Feasibility Studies
Based on the preliminary ranking study, the Preliminary Feasibility Reports (PFRs) of selected schemes are
being prepared incorporating the general description of the schemes, essential drawings, engineering aspects,
approximate estimated cost and economic evaluation.

3.1 Identification of Projects for PFRs

Projects Identification

Ranking study carried out by CEA covered 399 Hydro Electric Potential sites with total installed capacity of
about 1,07,000 MW.

The results of the Ranking study were discussed at length in a consultation process initiated by
Ministry of Power and CEA with various state agencies, CPSUs & other organizations. As a follow up of
the ranking studies, it was considered appropriate that for development of balance hydro projects in a
systematic manner, shelf of viable projects needs to be made available so that the same could be
offered for development to prospective entrepreneurs in India and abroad. Two rounds of discussions were
held in CEA to elicit the views of state authorities/ CPSUs regarding their programme and preparedness to
take up hydro power development. Separate consultations were also held with states possessing
vast untapped hydro electric potential namely Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu
& Kashmir.

Based on deliberations during the above meetings, it was considered appropriate that Preliminary Feasibility
Reports (PFRs) of selected hydro electric projects may be taken up so that feasibility of the scheme considered
in ranking studies could be established.

In the first instance, PFR formulation of 162 HE schemes has been taken up. Schemes, identified by State
Authorities/CEA for which S&I are either in initial stages or are yet to be taken up have been considered
for PFR formulation. Schemes for which DPRs have either been prepared or returned, are generally not
included under the proposed studies. Schemes for which S&I is in advance stage and DPRs are likely to be
formulated shortly, have also not been included in the proposed study. The schemes to be studied for PFRs
have a likely installed capacity above 50 MW.

3.2 The Next Step

The Preliminary Feasibility Reports will provide information on hydroelectric schemes which are yet to be
developed and enable their prioritisation for further action for implementation. The PFRs would also provide
useful information to prospective developers for taking up detailed Survey & Investigation and DPR
formulation. Results of studies would thus facilitate development of balance hydro electric potential in the
country in order of the viability/ attractiveness.

After completion of studies for PFRs, action for taking up detailed S&I and DPR preparation would be initiated
for schemes considered viable. This is considered essential to generate a shelf of projects which could be
taken up for execution during 11th and 12th Plans and beyond.

3.3 Contents of the Preliminary Feasibility Reports

The Preliminary Feasibility Report (PFR) of hydroelectric projects would be prepared for various rivers/
basins/ sub-basins based on which further work on the projects would be taken up. The different

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aspects to be covered under PFRs are as below :-
General Project Features
· Salient features of the project
Background Information
· General Information about the area, river basin/ sub-basin
· Power Scenario & Existing Installations
· Necessity of the project and related aspects.
Project Area
· Description of Project including river system
· Socio-economic & other aspects.
Topographic & Geo-technical Aspects
· Regional, Topographical & Geo-technical features of Project Area
· Topographical / Geo-technical aspects for locating component structures of the project
· Seismicity
Hydrology
· Water Availability, Studies based on available meterological/ hydrological data of project/ adjoining area
· Sedimentation Studies.
· Design Flood Studies.
Conceptual Layout and Planning
· Conceptual layout of various project components viz. Diversion/ Storage structure, Water conductor system,
Power house, Tail race, etc.
· Preliminary design features to arrive at broad parameters of the project components.
· Preliminary Drawings showing Project Component and Features
Power Potential Studies
· Power Potential Studies considering various alternative scenarios and project features.
· Optimization Studies for selection of installed capacity, Size and No. of generating Units.
Power Evacuation
· Appraisal of Existing Power Evacuation facilities.
· Proposed Evacuation Arrangement to the nearest facility
Environmental Aspects
· Brief description of Environmental impacts of the project on Forestry, Land use, Wild life, etc.
· R&R Aspects
· Mitigation measures.
Infrastructure
· Identification of broad infrastructure requirement for implementation of the project.
Construction Planning & Schedule
· General Approach for construction planning for execution of Project Components.
· Construction Schedule.
Cost Estimates
· Preliminary Cost Estimates for Civil, Hydro-mechanical, Electro-mechanical works, etc.
· Power Evacuation Facility.
Economic Evaluation
· Power and energy benefits and financial evaluation of the project.
· Tariff computation.

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3.4 Preparation of Preliminary Feasibility Reports of Hydroelectric Projects - the
Methodology and Responsibility of each
Preliminary Feasibility Reports of hydroelectric projects are to be prepared by Consultant and shall coverthe
following activities :-

3.4.1 WorkIdentificationandResponsibilities
A) Feasibility Report

1. General Report
2. Water Availability
3. Vetting/ review of Water Availability by CWC.
4. Map/ Toposheet studies.
5. Geology
6. Geo-physical investigations.
7. Conceptual planning.
8. Vetting/ review of Conceptual planning by CEA.
9. Project Components Identification
10. Preliminary Layout - vetting by CEA/ CWC
11. Preliminary Structure Outline Drawings of various structure (Typical drawings)
12. Power Potential and Sizing of Power Plant.
13. Vetting/ review of Power Potential and Sizing of Power Plant by CEA.
14. Power Evacuation - Vetting/ review of Power Evacuation by CEA.
15. Infrastructure requirement.
16. Cost Estimates (Civil & Hydro-Mechanical, Electromechanical)
17. Economic Evaluation
B) Initial Environmental Studies

1. Digitization of the maps (toposheets) with permission of SOI.


2. Satellite imageries as required from NRSA.
3. Processing of satellite data for the area of interest by the Consultant.The procedure adopted for processing will be :
* Multi-spectral LISS (23.5 m resolution) and Single Band PAN (5.8 m resolution) data.
* Land use classification for the area will be carried out after geo-referencing the satellite data.
Land use classification consisting of the following classes :
· Vegetation crown, Cover (Tree canopy)
· Built-up Areas / Rocky Outcrops etc.
· Agricultural Land (Land on which Agriculture is being practiced currently)
· Vegetation Density classification (Low, Medium, High)
· Water Bodies
· Barren land
· Any other peculiar Land use category, as per local scenario
· Land use pattern
· Vegetation cover/ density
· Approximate population density
The Initial Environmental Study would also take into account boundaries of National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries,
Biosphere Reserves as any other aspect relevant to the environment in interaction with MOEF.
C) Preparation of PFR
1. Preparation of draft PFR
2. Vetting of Draft PFR (by CEA)
3. Finalization of PFR incorporating comments of CEA

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Preliminary Feasibility Reports shall be based on available data/ details pertaining to topography,
geology, hydrology etc., preliminary field appraisal and geophysical investigation.

3.4.2 Broad Scope of Works of Consultant

a. Responsible for preparation of Preliminary Feasibility Reports of HE projects involving the conceptual design
based on water availability and topographical studies, preparation of project layout incorporating various
projects components such as dam/ diversion structure, intake, desilting chamber, water conductor system
(HRT, surge shaft, pressure shaft), power house and tail race structure etc., preparation of outline drawings
for civil structures, associated hydro mechanical & electro mechanical equipments and power evacuation
arrangements.

b. The scope of work would also cover assessment of required infrastructure, environmental study, construction
material survey, cost estimate, funds/ financing and financial analysis of the project.

c. The consultant would take overall single point responsibility for all aspects of the feasibility studies/
PFRs.

3.4.3 Associated Organisations

i) Central Electricity Authority (CEA)

Central Electricity Authority (CEA), an attached office of the Ministry of Power and a Statutory Body of the
Govt. of India constituted under Section 3(1) of the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948, has been associated with
hydro power development in the country for last five decades. CEA has contributed significantly to the
development of Hydro power and possesses comprehensive expertise like hydro power planning, power
potential studies, project appraisal, design and engineering, construction monitoring etc. CEA also facilitates
various organisations in design and engineering of the projects, wherever asked for. With its vast expertise
and huge data bank, CEA has been over-viewing the entire power sector in statutory/ regulatory as well as
developmental roles. Besides, it is also rendering technical assistance in Water Resources Development of
neighbouring countries of Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar etc. for mutual benefits. Having completed the first hydro
potential survey during 1953-59 and re-assessment of hydro potential during 1978-87, CEA carried out
ranking study for 399 potential sites (1,07,000 MW) in Oct., 2001.

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Role of CEA during PFR preparation is outlined below :
· To facilitate the Consultants by making available the requisite input data for studies.
· Review/ vetting of conceptual planning.
· Review/ vetting of Power Potential studies and Sizing of Power Plant.
· Information on the nearest grid/substation. (based on power system studies)
· Vetting of Power evacuation arrangement.
ii) Central Water Commission (CWC)

CWC, an attached office of the Ministry of Water Resources, has been undertaking the works of Survey &
Investigation for various Water Resources Development projects, such as Hydro-electric, Irrigation, Flood
control and Multi-purpose River Valley projects since 1971-72.

CWC alongwith CEA have prepared DPRs for a number of HE Projects in India and neighbouring countries
of Bhutan and Nepal. For carrying out survey & investigation, CWC has a number of field offices and is
having full back-up of specialised Design Directorates located in New Delhi.

The role/ responsibility of CWC during PFR preparation is outlined below:


· To make available the requisite input data to the Consultants
· Review/ vetting of water availability
· Vetting of Preliminary layout of the project
iii) Geological Survey of India (GSI)

The Geological Survey of India (GSI), one of the oldest Central Government Departments, caters to the
requirements of various organisations for engineering geological services for different types of projects all over
the country and abroad. It has been the pioneering agency in the field of systematic engineering geological
investigations since the inception of this kind of work in the country in the early fifties. Regional and
Operational Centres of the GSI are spread over the whole of country. These engineering geological units of
GSI have a strong back-up of allied and peripheral specialized services (Geological Mapping, Landslide,
Seismo-tectonics, Environmental Geology, Remote Sensing, Petrology, Geo-physics, Geo-chemistry, Drilling
etc.), which are considered crucial for a meaningful engineering geological assessment of any project. In
addition, all the engineering geological units of the Deptt. are well equipped with geo-technical laboratories,
basically for determination of lab-based rock and soil strength parameters. On request from owner agencies,
the Deptt. takes up geological investigations of the projects after including them in its Annual Programmes.
For preparation of PFRs, GSI would provide inputs on Regional and site specific geological aspects in respect
of main civil structures of HE projects.
iv) Survey of India (SOI)

SOI is one of the oldest Central Government Departments catering to the requirements of various organisations
for services in the field of Surveys. It is a pioneer agency in the field of carrying out systematic surveys since
inception.
Survey of India would facilitate the Consultants in the following areas of PFRs preparation.
· Maps/topo sheets covering the area of identified HE projects and its catchment.
· Permission for undertaking digitization work of maps/topo sheets.
v) National Remote Sensing Agency (NRSA)

NRSA, an organisation of Department of Space, Govt. of India is the apex organisation for study of Satellite
based Remote Sensing Data in the country.

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The Water Resources Group of NRSA is fully equipped to make use of space technology using satellite and
aerial remote sensing and plays an important role in aerial mapping and scientific assessment of ground
condition at a speed which none of other survey methods can provide. This technology is ideally suited for
inaccessible mountainous regions where majority of balance hydro potential sites are located. CEA has
made use of the satellite based evaluation of land use data of NRSA for carrying out Preliminary Ranking
Study of Indus Basin in 2001.
For the purpose of preparation of PFRs of Hydro Electric Projects the consultants would make use of Satellite
Imageries and data for studies of Environmental and R & R aspects etc.
vi) Indian Meteorological Department (IMD)

IMD monitors the rainfall for the whole country at sub-division and districts level on near real time mode.
IMD prepares rainfall statistics for 35 meteorological sub divisions comprising 424 meteorological Distts. of
the country.
For the purpose of preparation of PFRs, inputs in the form of rainfall data from rain gauge station network
in the concerned river basin of the project would be obtained by consultants from IMD.

3.5 CONSULTANTS

i). National Hydroelectric Power Corporation Ltd. (NHPC)

The National Hydroelectric Power Corporation is Schedule ‘A’ Enterprise of the Government of India with
authorized share capital of Rs. 100,000 million.
NHPC has emerged as a major organization for hydro power development in India, with capabilities to
undertake all the activities from conceptualization to commissioning in relation to setting up of hydro projects.
With an investment base of over Rs.1,58,000 million, it is ranked amongst top companies in the country in
terms of investment. NHPC has been granted ISO-9001 certificate for its quality systems and ISO - 14001
for environment standard in Corporate office.
NHPC has installed capacity of 2,175 MW. It plans to add about 19,000 MW during 10th and 11th Plan
periods. It has also executed projects on deposit / turnkey basis. NHPC is registered as Consultant in area
of hydro power with World Bank, Asian Development Bank, African Development Bank etc.
Corporate Mission of NHPC is to harness the vast hydro, tidal, wind and geo-thermal potential of the country by
covering all aspects of investigation, planning, design, construction, operation and maintenance to produce pollution
free and inexhaustible power.
ii). Water and Power Consultancy Services (India) Ltd. (WAPCOS)

WAPCOS is a premier International Consultancy Undertaking of the Government of India. Since 1969, the
Organisation has been providing Engineering Consultancy Services including Field Investigations, preparation
of Project Reports, Tender Documents with Specifications and Detailed Project Engineering during construction
and commissioning stages. WAPCOS carries out studies at the Reconnaissance, Pre-feasibility, Feasibility and
Detailed Project Report levels in respect of Micro, Mini, Small, Medium and Major Hydro-electric projects.
It has received National as well as International acclaim for consultancy expertise, with successful operations
in over 35 countries world-wide as well as throughout India. In recognition of consistent excellence in
performance, Government of India has accorded on WAPCOS the status of “Mini Ratna”.
iii) Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam Ltd. (SJVNL)

The Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam Ltd. (formerly Nathpa Jhakri Power Corporation Ltd.) was incorporated
on May 24, 1988 as a joint venture of the Govt. of India (GOI) and the Govt. of Himachal Pradesh
(GOHP) to Plan, Investigate, Organise, Execute, Operate and Maintain Hydro-electric power projects in the

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Satluj basin in Himachal Pradesh. Present authorised share capital of SJVN is Rs 4500 crores.
The equity-sharing ratio of GOI and GOHP is 3:1 respectively. In addition to financial assistance from the
World Bank, SJVNL is also being supported by a Consortium of European Banks and the Power Finance
Corporation.

The 1500 MW, Nathpa Jhakri Hydro-electric Power Project (the largest underground Hydro-electric Power
Project in the country) is the first project undertaken by SJVNL which on commissioning will generate 6950
MU annually and would provide 1500 MW of valuable peaking power to the Northern Grid.

SJVNL is also planning to take up the execution of more projects in Satluj river basin in Himachal Pradesh
during the 10th and 11th Plan periods.

iv) Karnataka Power Corporation Limited (KPCL)

KPCL is a Govt. of Karnataka Undertaking and succeeds the Mysore Power Corporation Limited of 1970 (a
successor to the Hydro Electric Construction Department of Mysore State). From an installed capacity of 746
MW (1970) to 4003 MW (2001); from a revenue of Rs. 1.3 million (1971) to Rs. 19430 million (2001)
it has been a long, rewarding journey for KPCL.

KPCL has attained widespread experience in HE planning, investigation, design, execution and effective
operation of large power projects.

KPCL has a dedicated workforce of 7700 professionals who share the vision of KPCL to give more power
to Karnataka/ India. KPCL is also offering its services for development of various Irrigation and Power
Projects from concept to commissioning through its Consultancy and Engineering Services Division.

v) North Eastern Electric Power Corporation Ltd. (NEEPCO)

North Eastern Electric Power Corporation Ltd. (NEEPCO) was incorporated on 2nd April, 1976 as a wholly
owned Govt. of India Enterprise under Ministry of Power to Plan, Promote, Investigate, Survey, Design,
Construct, Generate, Operate and Maintain power stations in the N.E. Region.

NEEPCO with its concerted and vigorous efforts has remained the most dependable power utility in meeting
the power requirement of N.E. Region. NEEPCO is meeting more than 50% of the power requirement of N.E.
Region. The Corporation has successfully started exporting surplus power outside the N.E. Region.

NEEPCO has completed 4 nos. of hydro electric projects aggregating to 730 MW and 3 nos. of HE
Projects aggregating to 685 MW are under implementation. In addition, NEEPCO is taking up 7 nos. of new
HE Projects aggregating to 2240 MW for execution. NEEPCO have also completed 2 nos. gas based
thermal projects aggregating to 375 MW and 1 no. gas project of 280/ 500 MW is under
development.

vi) Himachal Pradesh State Electricity Board (HPSEB)

The HPSEB was formed in the year 1971 in accordance with the provision of Electricity Supply Act
(1948). Earlier electric supply of the state of Himachal Pradesh in 1948 was available only in the Capitals
of the erstwhile princely states and the connected load at the time was less than 500 kW. The first electrical
division was formed in Aug., 1953 under the Public Works Department. Subsequently a department of M.P.P.
& Power was formed in April, 1964 after realizing the need for exploiting the substantial hydel potential
available in the river basins. After the formation of the HPSEB in the year 1971, all functions of the
Department of Multi-purpose projects, Power such as generation, execution of hydro electric projects except
function of flood control and minor irrigation were transferred to the Board. Since then HPSEB has made
long strides in executing the targets entrusted to it and at present is fully competent in organisation and has
the requisite infrastructure to take up execution of Power Projects.

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vii) Uttaranchal Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited (UJVNL)

UJVNL is a wholly owned corporation of the Government of Uttaranchal and was set up for managing hydro
power generation at existing power stations and development, promotion of new hydro projects with the
purpose of harnessing, the known and yet to be known, hydro power resources of the State.

Today, UJVNL operates hydro power plants ranging in capacity from 0.2 MW to 240 MW totalling up to
1124.26 MW. UJVNL have recently resumed construction of Maneri Bhali St.-II (304 MW) for completion
in 10th Plan. UJVNL have taken up work of preparation of uprated and bankable DPRs of Pala Maneri (416
MW), Bowla Nand Prayag (132 MW), Arakot Tiuni (70 MW) and Tiuni Palasu (42 MW).

UJVNL is committed to develop its huge hydro power resources in an early and efficient manner for economic
well-being and growth of the State and its people. With rising hydro power generation and improving
efficiencies in distribution of electricity, UJVNL also hopes to offer energy at stable prices for eco-friendly
industrial development.
3.6 Summary of the PFRs entrusted to the Consultants

S.No. Name of Organisation No. of Schemes Total Installed Capacity (MW)


1 WAPCOS 71 17419
2 NHPC 43 21345
3 NEEPCO 18 4915
4 HPSEB 10 1685
5 SJVNL 2 2065
6 KPCL 5 830
7 UJVNL 13 2301
Total: 162 50560

Statewise and Consultantwise details of schemes are given at Annex -II.


3.7 Review Mechanism

The institutional arrangement for reviewing the progress of PFRs preparation would be as under:

3.7.1 Coordination Committee

The Coordination Committee, headed by Member (Hydro), CEA with representatives from organisations
responsible for providing the input data viz. CEA, CWC, GSI, SOI & NRSA to the Consultants would be set
up. The committee would ensure mutual data exchange and oversee formulation of PFRs. The committee
would also undertake monthly review of the inputs to be given to various consultants and formulate the
programme for making available the data in a systematic manner so as to complete the PFRs in scheduled
time frame.

3.7.2 Advisory Committee

An Advisory Committee headed by Chairman, CEA with representatives from CEA, CWC, GSI, MOEF, IMD,
SOI & NRSA would be set up. The committee would undertake quarterly review of the progress of the PFRs
and formulate the programme for completion of PFRs in schedule time frame after considering feed back from

17
Consultants, and report the same to the Ministry of Power.
Following would be the monitoring mechanism for preparation of PFRs.
· Consultants to submit monthly progress reports to CEA.
· Chairman, CEA would hold monthly reviews.
· Quarterly reviews by Secretary (Power).
3.7.3 Deliverables/ Outputs with Schedules

The work of PFRs preparation is to be completed in a period of 18 months with effect from April, 2003 in
an evenly distributed manner to ensure that the last draft report is submitted by the end of July, 2004 and
the final reports of all the schemes are submitted by Sept., 2004.

4.0 Implementation of Projects


Advance action taken under this initiative will enable implementation of these projects during 11th and 12th
Plans period (years 2007-2017). Implementation agencies viz. PSUs, State utilities and other organizations
will be identified to develop these projects.

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Annex -I

REGIONWISE/ STATEWISE RESULTS OF


PRELIMINARY RANKING STUDY

Category A B C Total
Region/ State Nos MW Nos. MW Nos. MW Nos. MW
NORTHERN
Jammu & Kashmir - - 32 6218 13 3295 45 9513
Himachal Pradesh 12 4114 19 2593 4 2785 35 9492
Punjab - - - - - - - -
Haryana - - - - - - - -
Rajasthan - - - - - - - -
Uttaranchal 13 1726 50 9003 1 600 64 11329
Uttar Pradesh 1 39 - - - - 1 39
Sub Total (NR) 26 5879 101 17814 18 6680 145 30373
WESTERN
Madhya Pradesh 3 143 2 103 - - 5 246
Chhattisgarh 4 331 9 1851 - - 13 2182
Gujarat - - - - - - - -
Maharashtra 4 342 9 1563 - - 13 1905
Goa - - - - 1 55 1 55
Sub total (WR) 11 816 20 3517 1 55 32 4388
SOUTHERN - -
Andhra Pradesh 4 765 2 1695 - - 6 2460
Karnataka 1 35 13 1562 3 760 17 2357
Kerala - - 5 544 8 583 13 1127
Tamilnadu 1 90 - - 4 198 5 288
Sub Total (SR) 6 890 20 3801 15 1541 41 6232
EASTERN
Jharkhand 2 223 2 480 1 186 5 889
Bihar - - - - - - - -
Orissa - - 7 1667 - - 7 1667
West Bengal 2 133 - - 1 2505 3 2638
Sikkim 10 1982 11 1371 - - 21 3353
Sub Total (ER) 14 2338 20 3518 2 2691 36 8547
NORTH EASTERN -
Meghalaya 2 178 16 1316 4 665 22 2159
Tripura - - - - - - - -
Manipur 3 135 5 335 3 1771 11 2241
Assam 3 247 3 108 1 33 7 388
Nagaland 2 111 4 251 4 1030 10 1392
Arunachal Pd 31 5047 55 38999 3 5080 89 49126
Mizoram - - 3 194 3 1870 6 2064
Sub Total (NER) 41 5718 86 41203 18 10449 145 57370
ALL INDIA 98 15641 247 69853 54 21416 399 106910

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20
Annex -II

STATEWISE /CONSULTANTWISE BREAKUP OF SCHEMES FOR PREPARATION OF PRELIMINARY FEASIBILITY REPORTS

S. State NHPC WAPCOS NEEPCO HPSEB SJVNL KPCL UJVNL Total


No. IC No. IC No. IC No. IC No. IC No. IC No. IC No. IC
No.
of (MW) of (MW) of (MW) of (MW) of (MW) of (MW) of (MW) of (MW)
Schemes Schemes Schemes Schemes Schemes Schemes Schemes Schemes

1 Andhra Pradesh - - 3 705 - - - - - - - - - - - 706


2 Arunachal Pradesh 25 18245 2 3500 15 3945 - - - - - - - - 42 25690
3 Chhattisgarh - - 4 580 - - - - - - - - - - 4 580
4 Himachal Pradesh - - - - - - 10 1685 2 2065 - - - - 12 3750
5 Jammu & Kashmir 7 1360 6 1621 - - - - - - - - - - 13 2981
6 Karnataka - - - - - - - - - - 5 830 - - 5 830
7 Kerala - - 2 205 - - - - - - - - - - 2 205
8 Maharashtra - - 9 1780 - - - - - - - - - - 9 1780
9 Manipur - - 3 407 - - - - - - - - - - 3 407
10 Meghalaya - - 9 1490 - - - - - - - - - - 9 1490
11 Madhya Pradesh 1 60 - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 60
12 Nagaland - - - - 3 970 - - - - - - - - 3 970
13 Orissa - - 4 1188 - - - - - - - - - - 4 1188
14 Sikkim 10 1680 - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 1680
15 Uttaranchal - - 26 4073 - - - - - - - - 13 230 139 6374
16 Mizoram - - 3 1870 - - - - - - - - - - 3 1870
TOTAL : 43 21345 71 17419 18 4915 10 1685 2 2065 5 830 13 2301 162 50560
List of Schemes for PFRs by WAPCOS
Sl.No Name of the Scheme State River Basin IC(MW)
1 Dummagudem Andhra Pradesh Godavari 360
2 Singareddi Andhra Pradesh Godavari 250
3 Pondugala Andhra Pradesh Krishna 95
4 Hutong Arunachal Pradesh Luhit 950
5 Kalai Arunachal Pradesh Luhit 2550
6 Nugur-II Chattisgarh Indravati 270
7 Nugur-I Chattisgarh Indravati 160
8 Kotri Chattisgarh Godavari 70
9 Duniadhin Chattisgarh Sone 80
10 Ratle Jammu & Kashmir Chenab 515
11 Ujh Jammu & Kashmir Ravi 96
12 Kwar Jammu & Kashmir Chenab 440
13 Kiru Jammu & Kashmir Chenab 295
14 Shamnot Jammu & Kashmir Chenab 200
15 Bichlari Jammu & Kashmir Chenab 75
16 Barapole-II Kerala Varahi - Kuttiyadi 85
17 Perinjakutty Kerala Perinjakutty 120
18 Kunghara Maharashtra Godavari 115
19 Ghargaon Maharashtra Godavari 105
20 Samda Maharashtra Godavari 95
21 Kasari-I Maharashtra Kasari 215
22 Kadvi Maharashtra Vama 215
23 Kumbhi-i Maharashtra Krishna 170
24 Hiranyakeshi-II Maharashtra Vedganga 405
25 Pranhita Maharashtra Pranhita/Maharashtra 310
26 Wainganga Maharashtra Godavari 150
27 Nungliban Manipur Barak & Others 85
28 Khongnem Chakha-II Manipur Barak & Others 90
29 Pabaram Manipur Barak & Others 232
30 Sushen Meghalaya Barak & Others 150
31 Umjaut Meghalaya Barak & Others 85
32 Umduna Meghalaya Barak & Others 95
33 Kynshi-II Meghalaya Barak & Others 175
34 Umiam Umtru-VI Meghalaya Kalang 145
35 Nongkolait Meghalaya Barak & Others 180
36 Mawblei Storage Meghalaya Barak & Others 100
37 Kyanshi Storage I Meghalaya Barak & Others 295
38 Umangot Storage Meghalaya Barak & Others 265
39 Baljori Orissa Baitarni 393
44 Khartoli Lumti Talli Uttaranchal Sarda 105
45 Harsil Dam Uttaranchal Bhagirathi 350
46 Nelang Uttaranchal Jadhganga 190
47 Jadh Ganga Uttaranchal Jadhganga 110
48 Karmali Uttaranchal Jadhganga 190
49 Gangotri Uttaranchal Bhagirathi 70
50 Kalika Dantu Uttaranchal Sarda 140
51 MapangBogudyar Uttaranchal Sarda 185

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List of Schemes for PFRs by WAPCOS
Sl.No Name of the Scheme State River Basin IC(MW)
52 Sela Urthing Uttaranchal Sarda 165
53 Sirkari Bhyol Rus Bagar Uttaranchal Sarda 145
54 Sobala Jhimrigoan Uttaranchal Sarda 145
55 Sirkari Bhyol Bogudiyar Uttaranchal Sarda 240
56 Chhanger Chal Uttaranchal Sarda 145
57 Rishi Ganga II Uttaranchal Rishiganga 65
58 Bokang Bailing Uttaranchal Sarda 145
59 Deodi Uttaranchal Rishiganga 65
60 Rishi Ganga I Uttaranchal Rishiganga 115
61 Jalem Tamak Uttaranchal Dhauliganga 150
62 Malari Jhelam Uttaranchal Dhauliganga 90
63 Devasari Dam Uttaranchal Pindar 78
64 Khasiyabara Uttaranchal Sarda 280
65 GarbaTawaghat Uttaranchal Sarda 195
66 Gohana Tal Uttaranchal Birahiganga 95
67 Garjia Dam Uttaranchal Sarda 295
68 Kakjam Mizoram Barak&Others 545
69 Lunglang Storage Mizoram Barak&Others 690
70 Boinu Storage Mizoram Barak&Others 635
71 Bhaironghati Uttaranchal Bhagirathi 60
Total 17419

List of Schemes for PFRs by HPSEB


Sl.No Name of the Scheme State River Basin IC(MW)
1 Jangi Thopan Himachal Pradesh Sutlej 410
2 Gharopa Himachal Pradesh Beas 85
3 Luhri Himachal Pradesh Sutlej 425
4 Gondhala Himachal Pradesh Chenab 90
5 Khoksar Himachal Pradesh Chenab 80
6 Bardang Himachal Pradesh Chenab 145
7 Chhatru Himachal Pradesh Chenab 140
8 Seli Himachal Pradesh Chenab 150
9 Sach Khas Himachal Pradesh Chenab 70
10 Tidong-I Himachal Pradesh Sutlej 90
Total 1685

List of Schemes for PFRs by SJVNL


Sl.No Name of the Scheme State River Basin IC(MW)
1 Khab-II Himachal Pradesh Sutlej 425
2 Khab-I Himachal Pradesh Sutlej 1640
Total 2065

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List of Schemes for PFRs by NHPC
Sl.No NameoftheScheme State RiverBasin IC(MW)
1 Hegio Arunachal Pradesh Subansiri 250
2 Emini Arunachal Pradesh Dihang-Dibang 295
3 Amulin Arunachal Pradesh Dihang-Dibang 235
4 Agoline Arunachal Pradesh Dihang-Dibang 235
5 Rigong Arunachal Pradesh Dihang-Dibang 130
6 Kurung Dam-II Arunachal Pradesh Subansiri 115
7 Tato-II Arunachal Pradesh Dihang-Dibang 360
8 Oju-II Arunachal Pradesh Subansiri 2580
9 Attunli Arunachal Pradesh Dihang-Dibang 175
10 Naba Arunachal Pradesh Subansiri 1290
11 Emra-II Arunachal Pradesh Dihang-Dibang 870
12 Etalin Arunachal Pradesh Dihang-Dibang 3045
13 Naying Arunachal Pradesh Dihang-Dibang 495
14 Oju-I Arunachal Pradesh Subansiri 1925
15 Niare Arunachal Pradesh Subansiri 1405
16 Emra-I Arunachal Pradesh Dihang-Dibang 275
17 Minnying Arunachal Pradesh Dihang-Dibang 195
18 Elango Arunachal Pradesh Dihang-Dibang 180
19 Duimukh Storage Arunachal Pradesh Subansiri 170
20 Mirak Arunachal Pradesh Dihang-Dibang 160
21 Hirong Arunachal Pradesh Dihang-Dibang 180
22 Malinye Arunachal Pradesh Dihang-Dibang 335
23 Mihumdon Arunachal Pradesh Dihang-Dibang 145
24 Demwe Arunachal Pradesh Dihang-Dibang 3000
25 Kurung Dam-I Arunachal Pradesh Subansiri 200
26 Hatian Jammu & Kashmir Jhelum 215
27 Chenari Jammu & Kashmir Jhelum 475
28 Karkit Jammu & Kashmir Indus 190
29 Kanyunche Jammu & Kashmir Indus 105
30 Khalsi Jammu & Kashmir Indus 170
31 Takmaching Jammu & Kashmir Indus 75
32 Dumkhar Jammu & Kashmir Indus 130
33 Basania Madhya Pradesh Narmada 60
34 Panan Sikkim Tista 230
35 Namlum Sikkim Tista 175
36 Dikchu Sikkim Tista 90
37 Rangyong Sikkim Tista 175
38 Lingza Sikkim Tista 160
39 Rukel Sikkim Tista 90
40 Rongni Storage Sikkim Tista 95
41 Jedang Sikkim Tista 185
42 Ringpi Sikkim Tista 160
43 Teesta St. I Sikkim Tista 320
Total 21345

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List of Schemes for PFRs by NEEPCO
Sl.No Name of the Scheme State River Basin IC(MW)
1 Bhareli Lift Dam-II Arunachal Pradesh Kameng 330
2 Bhareli Lift Dam-I Arunachal Pradesh Kameng 240
3 Kapak Leyak Arunachal Pradesh Kameng 195
4 Badao Arunachal Pradesh Kameng 120
5 Pakke Arunachal Pradesh Kameng 120
6 Seba Arunachal Pradesh Kameng 105
7 Chanda Arunachal Pradesh Kameng 110
8 Kimi Arunachal Pradesh Kameng 535
9 Kameng Arunachal Pradesh Kameng 1100
10 Bichom-II Arunachal Pradesh Kameng 205
11 Papu Arunachal Pradesh Kameng 160
12 Talong Arunachal Pradesh Kameng 150
13 Utung Arunachal Pradesh Kameng 110
14 Tenga Arunachal Pradesh Kameng 275
15 Bichom Storage-I Arunachal Pradesh Kameng 190
16 Yangnyu Stor. Nagaland U.Brahmaputra 135
17 Tizu Nagaland Barak & Others 365
18 Dikhu Dam Nagaland U.Brahmaputra 470
Total 4915

List of Schemes for PFRs by UJVNL


Sl.No Name of the Scheme State River Basin IC(MW)
1 Tapovan Chunar Uttaranchal Dhauliganga 485
2 Lata Tapovan Uttaranchal Dhauliganga 320
3 Bhela Tipri Uttaranchal Bhagirathi 100
4 Nand Prayag Langasu Uttaranchal Alaknanda 180
5 Tamak Lata Uttaranchal Dhauliganga 200
6 Khet Tawaghat Uttaranchal Sarda 225
7 Urthing Sobala Uttaranchal Sarda 340
8 RamgangaDam Uttaranchal Sarda 75
9 Pindar Ghati Uttaranchal Pindar 112
10 Arkot Tuini(Nakoti Plasu) Uttaranchal Yamuna 70
11 Jakhol Sankri Uttaranchal Yamuna 60
12 Bagoli Dam Uttaranchal Pindar 64
13 Naitwar Mori Uttaranchal Yamuna 70
Total 2301

List of Schemes for PFRs by KPCL


Sl.No Name of the Scheme State River Basin IC(MW)
1 Kali Nadi-III (Mardi) Karnataka Mandavi - Sharavati 175
2 Krishnapur Karnataka Mandavi - Sharavati 210
3 Gangavali-II Karnataka Mandavi - Sharavati 105
4 Jaldurg Karnataka Krishna 270
5 Narayanpur Karnataka Krishna 70
Total 830

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