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gerund - infinitive

One of the difficulties of the English language is that some verbs are followed by the gerund (ex : doing) and others are followed by the infinitive (ex : to do). Below you will find a table to help you :

When do you use the GERUND? (ex : doing)

When do you use the INFINITIVE? ( ex : to do) After verbs that refer to a future event : want, hope, intend would like, promise ......... to do After certain other verbs, such as

After verbs that express likes/dislikes : like, love, enjoy dislike, hate don't mind, can't stand ..... doing After certain other verbs, such as : admit appreciate avoid consider delay deny finish doing After prepositions : interested in ... instead of ... good at ... before ... after ................................... doing After certain expressions : it's no use ... it's no good ... there's no point in .............. doing imagine involve keep (on) mention miss postpone suggest ........

: afford agree arrange choose fail happen help learn manage offer refuse seem .............. to do

After adjectives : glad (ex : glad to know...) pleased (ex : pleased to meet you...) disappointed (ex : disappointed to hear...)

After "too" & "enough": too difficult easy enough ..................... to do

The verbs : begin/start/continue can be followed by the gerund or the infinitive with little or no change in meaning. The verbs : stop/try/remember can also take both, but the meaning changes.

EXERCISE Add the correct form of the verb in brackets. 1. I miss __________ tennis with him. (play) 2. Jane wants __________ to Paris in April. (go) 3. Her boss knew that she was pretending __________ ill. (be) 4. I don't feel like __________ today. (cook) 5. He managed __________ the report before he went home. (finish) 6. We agreed __________ them. (help) 7. Good news! I've given up __________ ! (smoke) 8. Do you fancy __________ to the cinema tonight? (go) 9. I haven't finished __________ the newspaper yet. (read) 10. I chose __________ instead of taking the car. (walk) 11. He promised __________ me a long letter. (write) 12. I'd avoid __________ the Underground today, if I were you. (take) 13. He spent four years __________ round South America. (travel) 14. We would love __________ dinner with you on Saturday. (have) 15. We can't risk __________ the later flight. (take)

Name : ____________________

17. The head teacher threatened __________ some of the students. (expel) 18. We weren't able to have our picnic as it kept __________ all day. (rain) 19. It's obvious he's only interested in (make) ______________ money. 20. Anne couldn't find a taxi so I offered (drive) ________________ her to the station. 21. I managed (book) ________________ two seats on the morning flight 22. I promise (send) _______________ you our new brochure as soon as it's available. 23. Peter was delighted (meet) _________ a former colleague at the conference. 24. I avoid (take) _______________ the car whenever possible, especially in big cities. 25. We finished the job by (work) _______________ 12 hours a day. 26. Bob sent a report to the Chairman instead of (attend) _______________ the meeting. 27. A lot of people dislike (drive) _______________ at night. 28. I intend (speak) _______________ to my boss about your complaint 29. I decided (look)__________for a new job. 30. He enjoys (play) ________footba

16. "Where did you learn __________ the violin?" (play)