Sei sulla pagina 1di 5

Analysing Linear motion Questions 1.

Solve the following problems using the equations of linear motion (a) A car moves from rest to a velocity of 10 ms-1 in 5 s .Calculate the acceleration of the car Solution :

(b) A car traveling with a velocity of 10 m s-1 accelerates uniformly at a rate of 3 m s-2 for 20 s. Calculate the displacement of the car. Solution :

(a)

A van that is traveling with velocity 16 m s-1 decelerates until it comes to a stop. If the distance traveled is 8 m, calculate the deceleration of the van. Solution :

2.2

ANALYSING MOTION GRAPH

A:

Describe the motion of an object as shown in the following motion graphs. (a) The Displacement-Time Graph Graph of s against t s/m The displacement of the object from a fixed point is .. Therefore, the velocity of the object is . 0 t/s Explanation

s/m The gradient of the graph = ..of the object. The gradient of the graph is ., therefore the velocity of the object is . 0 t/s

s/m The gradient of the graph .. with time. Therefore the velocity of the object . with . 0 t/s

(b) The velocity time graph Graph of v against t v/m s-1 Velocity of object is . . The object is Explanation

t/s v/m s-1 The object is moving with uniform

t/s

v/m s-1

The gradient of the graph = The gradient of the graph is Therefore, the acceleration of the object is t/s

v/m s-1 Area under the graph = .

t/s B. Describe the motion of a runner who is running in a straight line s/m

C A B

25 20 15 10 5
O 5 Solution : O-A A-B B-C C-D Motion of the runner Running with a uniform velocity of 3 m s-1 10 12 15

D t/s
t/s

C: Study the velocity-time graph.

v/m s-1

10

5 D A 5 10 15 20 25
Calculate:(i) the acceleration, a, for sections AB, BC and CD (ii) total displacement

t/s

D. Displacement / m

10 5 1 1 -5 -10 2 3 4 5 6 7

Time / s

(i)

What is the total time taken for the body to return to its original position?

(ii) (iii) (iv)

For how long was the body moving in the opposite direction to its initial motion? What is the average velocity of the body? Sketch a velocity-time graph for the motion of the body.

E.

Figure 3 shows the velocity time graph of a lift moving from the 4th floor to the 24th floor and then descend back to the ground floor.

Figure 3
(a) What type of motion is made by the lift for the interval between K and L? ____________________________________________________________________ ( 1 mark )

(b)

What type of motion is made by the lift for the interval between L and M? ____________________________________________________________________ ( 1 mark )

(c)

For the whole journey of the lift as shown by the graph in Figure 3, calculate i. the distance travelled.

ii.

the displacement travelled.

iii.

the acceleration at MN

(d)

Sketch a graph of acceleration against time for the motion of the lift from J to N.