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# Analysing Linear motion Questions 1.

Solve the following problems using the equations of linear motion (a) A car moves from rest to a velocity of 10 ms-1 in 5 s .Calculate the acceleration of the car Solution :

(b) A car traveling with a velocity of 10 m s-1 accelerates uniformly at a rate of 3 m s-2 for 20 s. Calculate the displacement of the car. Solution :

(a)

A van that is traveling with velocity 16 m s-1 decelerates until it comes to a stop. If the distance traveled is 8 m, calculate the deceleration of the van. Solution :

2.2

## ANALYSING MOTION GRAPH

A:

Describe the motion of an object as shown in the following motion graphs. (a) The Displacement-Time Graph Graph of s against t s/m The displacement of the object from a fixed point is .. Therefore, the velocity of the object is . 0 t/s Explanation

s/m The gradient of the graph = ..of the object. The gradient of the graph is ., therefore the velocity of the object is . 0 t/s

s/m The gradient of the graph .. with time. Therefore the velocity of the object . with . 0 t/s

(b) The velocity time graph Graph of v against t v/m s-1 Velocity of object is . . The object is Explanation

## t/s v/m s-1 The object is moving with uniform

t/s

v/m s-1

The gradient of the graph = The gradient of the graph is Therefore, the acceleration of the object is t/s

## v/m s-1 Area under the graph = .

t/s B. Describe the motion of a runner who is running in a straight line s/m

C A B

25 20 15 10 5
O 5 Solution : O-A A-B B-C C-D Motion of the runner Running with a uniform velocity of 3 m s-1 10 12 15

D t/s
t/s

## C: Study the velocity-time graph.

v/m s-1

10

5 D A 5 10 15 20 25
Calculate:(i) the acceleration, a, for sections AB, BC and CD (ii) total displacement

t/s

D. Displacement / m

10 5 1 1 -5 -10 2 3 4 5 6 7

Time / s

(i)

What is the total time taken for the body to return to its original position?

## (ii) (iii) (iv)

For how long was the body moving in the opposite direction to its initial motion? What is the average velocity of the body? Sketch a velocity-time graph for the motion of the body.

E.

Figure 3 shows the velocity time graph of a lift moving from the 4th floor to the 24th floor and then descend back to the ground floor.

Figure 3
(a) What type of motion is made by the lift for the interval between K and L? ____________________________________________________________________ ( 1 mark )

(b)

What type of motion is made by the lift for the interval between L and M? ____________________________________________________________________ ( 1 mark )

(c)

For the whole journey of the lift as shown by the graph in Figure 3, calculate i. the distance travelled.

ii.

## the displacement travelled.

iii.

the acceleration at MN

(d)

Sketch a graph of acceleration against time for the motion of the lift from J to N.