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NOVEF1BER23:

icewhenit strikesa floatingobjectonthe ship'sstarboardside. PassengerEliCharne,

38,awakeincabin

314,hearsa loud bang."lcy-cold water waspouring down the wall,"saysCharne. "There wasa foot anda halfinmy cabin."Hesounds thealarm.

12:35n.r.

Inlessthanfivemin-

utes,theship's94

cabinsontheupper floorareallowedto retrievea fewaddi- tionalbelongings.

1:10n.n.

Theship'sbilge

pumps becomeover-

whelmedandtheen-

gine roomfloods, causinglossof power. TheExplorerbegins driftingtowardheavy seaice.Knowinghe'll beunableto deploy

lifeboatsontothe ice

if hewaits,Swedish

lsland,receivesthe firstdistresscallfrom the Explorer.Oliver Kruess,the Endeav-

ourcaptain,immedi-

atelychangescourse andwillreachthe Explorerinfourhours. Healsocontactsthe captainofthe nearby Nordnorge,a 464- passenger cruise

shipthat,whilenot

asice-worthy,has

some200empty

cabinsandcantake

allthe Explorefs

"'#

F"Oil t"EFr:

PASSEI'IGERS ARE

FLOIdNTOPIJTITA

rneilrs,cit&Eimn

REACHIiIG[AI{D;

zmncs HsrPvfifi

TH€HAiIOOFF.

?

A SHIP'SLIFE

Exptorerhad

traveledeverywherefrom Antarcticato

the Arctic and from Africa to the

upper Amazon,rackingup perhaps moremiles thananyothercruiseshipin history.But inrecentyears the Explorerhadbeensold severaltimes."She was going downhill-

more or lesscarryingbackpackers,"says OliverKruess,chiefofficeroftheExplorerin

1991-92.'A

wouldsoonend up rustingon a beachin India.Thatwasnother.Antarcticawasher stage,hertheater.That nightshe put her bestdressonandwent intothe icel'-s.c.

Sinceherlaunchin 1969,the

cloudhungoverherthat she

passengers areor-

captainBengtWiman

passengers and

soundsthecallto

crewaboard.

abandonship.

l:37 n.r.

LindbladExpeditions'

fromKingGeorgels-

deredto dressand

meetina lecturehall ontheupperdeck. Aftercrewmembers explainthattheship

isstableandres- Endeavour,en route

cuersareonthe way,

passengers with

landto Deception

AFTERHATH

4:30rr.

Allpassengers are safelyaboardlifeboats andZodiacrafts.The smoothevacuation happensthankslargely

r5hi*o!'"i',,, rx*

Ir

-

.5***

.

_*S

|lF -:

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-

.;

-

LHE

What will become of Nobody'ssure.Muchof

i"9

out sHila seriousconcern,tendsto

evaporatein warmerclimates.InAntarctica,it

around longerand pose a threat to marine wilOltfe.On November26,Chileanofficialsconflrmeda mile_longslick

might stick

Explorels5O,OOOgallons of fuel? it probably wentdownwith the ship

ylf dribbteout stowty.Dieset,whichistighterthancrude

pool onthe surfaceand

, inthe areaof the sinking.Meanwhile,conservationistspoint

future,sincetherearenolawssay-

ing who hasto pay for cleanup.A proposed 2005 annexto the AntarcticTreatywourd

out the potential fortrulydevastating calamitiesInthl

haveplaced

for gorernments to rollup theirsleevesanddo

tivedlrectorof the AntarcticandSouthernOceanCoalition.

responsibility onships'owners, but

it wasneverratified Thisisawake-upcall someregulating;'says JimBarnes,execu_

toa

spRtNG

totheship'sadven- ChileanNaval

ture-readypassen-

gers, whohadbeen

takingdailyexcur-

sionsaboardZodi- abovethe wreck,

AS355Ntwin-

engineutility

helicoptercircles

acs."We'dhada

coupleoftoursin

verycoldandrainy

weatherj'saysTorrey

Trust,22,a San

Diego-based sur-

vivorwhowasonher

honeymoon."Every- to aidintowing

onewasreallyexpe-

riencedandusedto

Zodiacs.Theyknew

howto dress,andit

readyto pluck

passengers from

the water.

6:30n.r.

andreleasing

TheEndeavour

deploysitsZodiacs

lifeboatsaswellas

transferringpas-

sengers,ten at a time,to the Nord- norge.Endeavour

thencollects

Explorels eight

Zodiacsandbrings

theirdrivers

aboardfortea

whiletheZodiacs

aredismantled.

just dependedon

if theygrabbed

everythingwhenthe

alarmwentoff.Most

people didl'

5:30n.r.

Asthe two rescue shipsarrive,a

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