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Materials System Specification

Materials System Specification

34-SAMSS-820

Instrument Control Cabinets Indoor

22 September 2010

Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards

Table of Contents

1 Scope

2

2 Conflicts and Deviations

2

3 References

2

4 Definitions

3

5 General Requirements

4

6 Design

4

7 Electrical

8

8 Testing and Inspection

20

Previous Issue: 28 May 2007

Revised paragraphs are indicated in the right margin Primary contact: Tarawn, Al Ahmed R on 966-3-8747339

Next Planned Update: 1 September 2011

Copyright©Saudi Aramco 2010. All rights reserved.

Page 1 of 21

Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee

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Next Planned Update: 1 September 2011

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34-SAMSS-820

Instrument Control Cabinets Indoor

1 Scope

This specification defines the requirements for instrument control panels, control cabinets, and marshalling cabinets for location in electrically unclassified air-conditioned buildings.

Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), auxiliary systems, and Rotating Equipment Protection control cabinets must adhere to this specification.

Excluded from this specification are:

a) Vendor standard Fire Detection / Suppression Panels / Cabinets used for building protection.

b) Vendor standard Security Alarm Panels / Cabinets.

c) System Cabinets for Distributed Control System (DCS) except as referenced in

23-SAMSS-010.

d) Consoles and server cabinets for Distributed Control Systems (DCS).

e) Control panels that are provided as part of packaged Units.

f) ESD System Cabinets except as referenced in 34-SAMSS-623.

2 Conflicts and Deviations

2.1 Any conflicts between this specification and their applicable Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications (SAMSS), Engineering Standards (SAESs), Standard Drawings (SASDs), or industry standards, codes and forms shall be resolved in writing by the Company or Buyer Representative through the Manager, Process & Control Systems Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

2.2 Direct all requests to deviate from this specification in writing to the Company or Buyer Representative, who shall follow internal company procedure SAEP-302 and forward such requests to the Manager, Process & Control Systems Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

2.3 The designation "Commentary" is used to label a sub-paragraph that contains comments that are explanatory or advisory. These comments are not mandatory, except to the extent that they explain mandatory requirements contained in this SAMSS.

3 References

Referenced standards and specifications shall be the latest edition, revision or addendum in effect on the date of the Purchase Order, unless stated otherwise.

Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 1 September 2011

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34-SAMSS-820

Instrument Control Cabinets Indoor

3.1 Saudi Aramco References

Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedure

SAEP-302

Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a Mandatory Saudi Aramco Engineering Requirement

Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications

23-SAMSS-010

Distributed Control Systems

Programmable Controller Based ESD Systems

Saudi Aramco Inspection Requirements

Instrument Control Panels

3.2 Industry Codes and Standards

National Fire Protection Association

NFPA 70

National Electrical Code

National Electrical Manufacturers Association

NEMA ICS 6

Enclosures for Industrial Controls and Systems

NEMA 250

Enclosures for Electrical Equipment (1000 Volts Maximum)

4

International Electro-Technical Commission

IEC 61000-4-3

Radiated Electromagnetic Field Requirements

International Society for Measurement and Control

ISA RP60.6

Nameplates, Labels and Tags for Control Centers

Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.

UL 94

UL Standard for Safety Test for Flammability of Plastic Materials for Parts in Devices and Appliances

Definitions

Control Panel: A surface with cut-out(s) used to mount control devices and/or instrument indicators (e.g., totalizers, pushbuttons, pullbuttons, indicating lights, meters, annunciators, etc.).

Control Cabinet: An enclosed structure containing electronic equipment and wiring for process control / status devices. (The front surface of a control cabinet may include

Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 1 September 2011

22 September 2010

34-SAMSS-820

Instrument Control Cabinets Indoor

a control panel.). Cabinets containing DCS field termination assemblies (FTAs) should be treated as control cabinets.

Marshalling Cabinet: A cabinet containing mainly terminal strips and wire terminations. The field wiring is normally terminated in the Marshalling Cabinet.

Cabinets: Generically used within this specification; refers to all of the above.

5 General Requirements

5.1 Engineering Units

All dimensions and measurements shall be in the International System of Units(SI), and may be followed by the equivalent value in English units between brackets. When not critical, the equivalent dimensions may be rounded off to their nearest practical value.

Exception:

This requirement does not apply to the vendor's standard documentation.

5.2 Environmental Conditions

All cabinet equipment and wiring shall be designed for continuous operation at 50°C, and relative humidity 80% maximum (non-condensing) and 20% minimum.

Commentary Note:

The temperature of 50°C allows for a 35°C room ambient plus a 15°C rise within the cabinet.

5.3 Heat dissipation calculations shall be submitted for any cabinet that houses power supplies, PCs or other heat generating components. The calculations shall show that the components installed inside the cabinet will not be exposed to a temperature above their temperature rating.

6 Design

6.1 Style

The cabinets shall be rigid and self-supporting. The cabinets may be floor or wall mounted. Instruments and electronic accessories shall be wired in accordance with this specification. Indoor cabinets shall be made of metal.

6.2 Drawings

6.2.1 The Cabinet Fabricator shall supply Saudi Aramco detailed drawings for review and approval.

Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee

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6.2.2 The detailed drawings, shall as a minimum, contain the following information:

a) Cabinet fabrication drawings showing dimensions for exterior, openings, removable plates, doors and door swings, internal cabinet segregation, internal frame supports/bracing, ventilation louvers, lifting bolts, and shipping breaks.

b) Cabinet layout drawings showing the location of all electronic equipment, terminal strips, fuses, plastic ducts, raceways, pushbuttons, name plates, annunciators, rack-mounted equipment, power supplies, convenience outlets, lighting and grounding strips. Electronic equipment manufacturer and model numbers shall be shown.

c) Wiring diagrams showing termination strips and all electronic interconnections, with tag names and equipment/terminal identification.

Items a) and b) shall be drawn to scale and supplied as Vendor drawings for Saudi Aramco review and approval. Item c) shall be issued with Saudi Aramco drawing numbers and completed in the Intergraph or convertible format.

6.2.3 All instruction manuals and technical information supplied with components received by the Cabinet Fabricator shall be placed in a folder or binder and shipped with the cabinet.

6.2.4 All Vendor literature and drawings shall be of sufficient size and quality to be clearly legible.

6.3

Construction

6.3.1 The cabinet shall be a NEMA Type 1 per NEMA 250 and NEMA ICS 6.

6.3.2 Cabinets requiring heat dissipation shall be convection-ventilated.

6.3.3 Convection-ventilated cabinets shall be provided with readily accessible, removable filter screens inserted behind slotted louver inlets. Louvers and filters installed within cabinet doors are acceptable.

6.3.4 Louvers installed at the top of cabinets shall be protected by a screen or shroud to prevent debris from falling into the cabinet. Filters shall slide into preformed grooves or be fastened with removable, corrosion resistant hardware.

Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 1 September 2011

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Instrument Control Cabinets Indoor

6.3.5 Fans may be used within Cabinets or Power supplies to assist in heat removal and cabinet ventilation. If the fans are required to dissipate

heat when the HVAC is running, redundant fans shall be provided.

If the fan(s) are only required to dissipate heat when the HVAC is not running, a single fan is adequate. In both cases, fan failure or over-

temperature detection and alarm are required in the DCS.

6.3.6 Where two or more front sections are required for a Control Panel, the interior shall be an open-frame construction.

6.3.7 Cabinet support bracing shall not restrict maintenance access to chassis, modules or components.

6.3.8 Each cabinet shall be provided with removable lifting rings.

6.3.9 Cabinet doors shall be full-height. All doors shall be dust-tight and reinforced against buckling. The maximum door width shall be 900

mm

(36 inches) unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order.

6.3.10 marshalling cabinets, from the front surface to the surface of rear

The

terminal blocks, shall not be more than 46 cm (18 inches) deep to provide for safe access. The preferred design is to divide a 76 cm (30 inch) deep cabinet into 38 cm (15 inch) sections with front and rear

access.

6.3.11 All doors must be capable of swinging at least 90-degrees open at the installed location.

6.4 Cabinet Finish

6.4.1

The

exterior and interior cabinet finish shall be the Cabinet Fabricator's

standard finish, unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order. A minimum of primer, undercoat and finishing coat of enamel or lacquer is required. Electrostatic applied powder paint coatings which are then baked (such as polyester urethane) is acceptable.

6.4.2

Interior cabinet color shall be white or of a light color such as light gray, off-white, etc.

6.5 Nameplates

6.5.1 Nameplates for cabinets and panels letter height and spacing shall follow ISA RP60.6, Appendix A and C, unless otherwise specified in the purchase order.

Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee

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Next Planned Update: 1 September 2011

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Instrument Control Cabinets Indoor

6.5.2 Where possible, nameplate abbreviations shall be avoided. Where abbreviations are used, they shall be consistent with facility practices. ISA RP60.6 (Appendix B) shall be used to keep abbreviations consistent where facility practice is not established.

6.5.3 Control panel pushbuttons, switches, indicating lights and other through-mounted devices shall be identified with the service description on the front. The rear of the above devices shall be identified with the device tag number. The nameplates shall be permanently attached. Adhesives are allowed for indoor panels.

6.5.4 Instruments and accessories mounted inside the cabinet shall be identified with a nameplate showing the tag number. Individual rack modules are not required to have permanent nameplates attached.

6.5.5 Nameplates shall be made from laminated plastic, white-black-white (information engraved into the black core) with white surface, dull finish.

6.5.6 Each cabinet, front and rear, shall be identified with a nameplate located above each door or pair of doors. The nameplate, as a minimum, shall be the cabinet name/number as given in the cabinet drawings.

6.6 Cabinet and Panel Spare Requirements

6.6.1 Unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order, each cabinet shall be provided with the following spare capacity to allow for future system modifications:

a) 20% installed spare terminal blocks of each terminal block type used. Spare terminal blocks are to be distributed to match the layout of required spare I/O modules, field termination assemblies, relays, etc.

Commentary Note:

The 20% spare terminal requirement is intended to be used for the 20% spare cabling required in homerun cables. It is not intended to be additional terminals on top of terminals used to terminate spare pairs/triads.

b) 10% spare relay bases in cabinets where there are ten relays or more. For less than ten relay installations, one spare base should be installed.

Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 1 September 2011

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Instrument Control Cabinets Indoor

Exception:

The above requirement does not apply on cabinets where only one relay is installed for fan failure or alarm.

6.6.2 The Cabinet Fabricator shall supply a minimum of two (2) spare fuses or 10% (whichever is greater) for each type of general power and termination strip fuses used within each cabinet. This requirement includes supplying spares for fuses integral to installed electronics (i.e., flow computers, field termination assemblies, etc.).

7

Electrical

7.1 Power Supply

7.1.1 Power Supplies feeding process instruments shall be powered from instrument circuit power distribution panels. Each distribution strip shall be dedicated to a single voltage level. Instrumentation circuit breakers and distribution strips shall not provide power to non- instrumentation circuits. The cabinet shall be furnished with a minimum of 20% spare circuit breakers.

Exception:

If the cabinet is equipped with only one circuit breaker for cabinet lighting, spare breakers are not required.

7.1.2 Power wiring for field instruments, all input and output points, two- wire analog transmission loops, field switch contacts, etc., shall be individually fused and provided with a means of disconnecting the power without disturbing terminated wiring (e.g., knife-switch-type terminal blocks).

Exceptions:

1)

Wiring connected to I/O modules or interfaces containing individual current-limiting circuit protection does not require fuses.

2)

Low Voltage wiring connected directly to I/O. (See paragraph 7.6)

Commentary Note:

Fuse application, location, and ampacity ratings must be properly sized and coordinated, taking into account the maximum expected load at the maximum operating temperature of the cabinet (50°C).

7.1.3 Equipment shall operate at the supply voltages shown in Table 1.

Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 1 September 2011

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Instrument Control Cabinets Indoor

Table 1 Supply Voltage

     

NEC

System/Device

 

Nominal

Tolerance

Class

Annunciator Power

 

24

VDC

21

- 28.2 VDC

1 or 2

Shutdown and Isolation System including relay coils

125 VDC

113

- 141 VDC

1 or 3

Field Switch Contacts

120

VAC, 60 ± 2 Hz

110

- 126 VAC

1 or 3

Analog Signal (Loop Power)

24 VDC (4-20 mA)

21

- 28.2 VDC

1 or 2

   

24

VDC

21

- 28.2 VDC

1 or 2

Instrumentation Power

120

VAC, 60 ± 2 Hz

110

- 126 VAC

1 or 3

Note:

The basis for the upper DC voltage variations are due to installations where battery back-up is used without voltage suppression and the batteries receive periodic charging.

7.1.4 Where multiple on-line DC power supplies are connected to a single power bus, diode auctioning shall be used to facilitate load balancing in the event of a single power supply failure. Where multiple DC power supplies are an integral part of a manufacturer's standard product, the manufacturer's standard method of load sharing shall apply.

7.1.5 Supplies to DC instrument loads: Voltage stabilization shall be provided to maintain the output voltage within tolerable limits of the loads served.

7.1.6 Power supplies shall be identical whenever possible for interchangeability and spare part requirements.

7.1.7 Power supply outputs shall be individually fused or protected by a circuit breaker.

7.1.8 Power Supply terminal block distribution wiring shall not be daisy- chained using wires or crimp connectors. Jumper bars or preformed jumper combs designed for the specific terminal blocks being used are acceptable methods of distributing power supply wiring.

7.2 Wire Installation

7.2.1 Splices are not permitted in wiring. When wiring must be extended, connections shall be made via terminal blocks.

7.2.2 Twist-on wire nut connectors shall not be used for making any electrical instrumentation terminations.

Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee

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Instrument Control Cabinets Indoor

7.2.3 Segregation of parallel wiring internal to cabinets shall adhere to the following Table 2. All dimensions are shown in millimeters.

Table 2

Signal

Category

Milli Volt

T/C RTD

4-20 mA

Analog

24 VDC

Power/

125 VDC

120 VAC

Copper

Network

24 VDC

Digital

Cable

Milli Volt

0

0

25

150

150

0

T/C RTD

0

0

25

75

75

0

 

0

0

0

75

75

0

4-20 mA

0

0

0

25

25

0

 

25

0

0

25

75

0

24 VDC

25

0

0

0

0

0

 

150

75

25

0

0

50

125

VDC

75

25

0

0

0

25

 

150

75

75

0

0

75

120

VAC

75

25

0

0

0

50

Copper

           

Network

Cable

0

0

0

0

0

0

50

25

75

50

0

0

Notes:

1)

Upper Value Spacing is for wires in plastic ducts.

2)

Lower Value Spacing is for wires separated by:

a) One metal conduit or

b) A 1/16-in. thick grounded steel divider.

3)

Voltages shown are nominal.

7.2.3.1 Separate plastic ducts are preferable for all Signal Categories that require separation for organization and noise reduction. Signal Categories with upper values of zero separation may be mixed in a plastic duct. Signal Categories shall not be mixed within any single multicore cable.

Example:

24 VDC digital and 24 VDC 4-20 mA may be run in the same plastic duct, but not within a single multipair cable.

7.2.3.2 Wiring that is required to be segregated shall cross at right angles and the spacing shall be maintained as close as practicable to that shown in Table 2.

7.3 Wire Specifications

7.3.1 General 120 VAC power wiring shall be minimum 14 AWG stranded, copper, PVC-insulated or cross-linked polyethylene. Wire insulation shall be rated for 600 volts, 75°C, minimum.

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Instrument Control Cabinets Indoor

7.3.2 Electronic signal wire shall be stranded copper, minimum size 20 AWG, 300 V for single conductors or a minimum 22 AWG, 300 V for multicore cable. Wire insulation shall be cross-linked polyethylene, PVC, or PTFE, with a minimum temperature rating of 75°C. Special electronic signal wires shall be as described in the Purchase Order.

7.4 Wiring Methods

7.4.1 Cabinets containing electronic equipment with field inputs/outputs (I/O) (e.g., field termination assemblies, I/O modules, etc.) shall have the I/O device pre-wired to:

1)

intermediate terminal strips within the same cabinet shipping section, or;

2)

to intermediate terminals within the same building by the use of manufactured multi-conductor cable and plug connectors.

Commentary Note:

Field wiring shall be terminated on the intermediate terminal strips (by Others). This process makes it easier to land field wires on-site and minimizes possible damage to vendor equipment during termination of field wires.

Exception:

See 7.6 for low voltage wiring exceptions to the use of intermediate terminal strips.

7.4.2 Exposed electrical connections with voltages greater than nominal 48 volts AC/DC, mounted on cabinet doors, shall have exposed wiring/terminations shrouded by transparent, removable, insulating plastic covers (or equivalent).

7.4.3 When screw-type terminals are provided on instruments and other electrical devices, solderless crimp/compression connectors shall be used for connecting stranded copper conductors. Insulated ring lugs, locking-fork or flanged- fork connectors, specifically designed to hold the connector on the terminal in the event of loosening of the terminal screw, shall be used on all such connections.

Commentary Note:

Screw-type terminals are defined as those in which the termination method involves the direct compression of the conductor by the underside of the screw head, and which do not contain the conductor within a clamp or yoke.

Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 1 September 2011

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7.5 Annunciator Wiring

7.5.1 When specified, annunciator shall have a horn relay wired to terminals for connection to the remote horn system.

7.5.2 Annunciator(s) shall have a lamp/horn test, acknowledge and reset button unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order.

7.6 Wiring for Millivolt, Microamp, Pulse and Frequency Signals

Wiring for millivolt, microamp, pulse and frequency signals under 1 Volt such as thermocouples, resistance temperature detectors (RTD), vibration elements, analyzer elements, thermistor elements and transmitters with pulse outputs may be directly connected to the I/O unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order.

7.7 Terminal Strips

7.7.1 The termination method shall be channel (rail)-mounted terminal blocks.

7.7.2 Terminal strip spacing shall allow ample room for plastic wire ducts and permit lacing of cables, and fanning of individual wires to termination points. Each terminal strip shall be labeled above or below with the terminal strip number, as shown on wiring diagrams. Terminals for similar (AC or DC) current service shall be grouped together and physically separated from terminals for different service by means of dividers, separate mounting rails or separate enclosures.

7.7.3 Standoffs for terminal strips are preferred to bring the terminal blocks forward to be flush with the top of the plastic wire duct. This wiring method assures that all wires can be accessed without interference from other wires as the wire duct is filled.

7.7.4 Where special cases of mixed ESD / Non-ESD signals occur in one cabinet or control panel (e.g., Solid State / Relay Control Cabinets or Control Panels with ESD pushbuttons ), terminal strips for Emergency Shutdown (ESD) wiring shall be completely separate from all other wiring including power, control and instrumentation.

7.7.5 Wiring for a given instrument loop shall be terminated on adjacent terminals on the terminal strip in order to organize and group all loop wiring.

7.7.6 Terminals for various types of general wiring (AC or DC), annunciator points and signal wiring shall be separately grouped and separated by dividers.

Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 1 September 2011

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34-SAMSS-820

Instrument Control Cabinets Indoor

7.8 Terminal Blocks

7.8.1 No more than two bare wires shall be connected to each side of a single terminal block.

7.8.2 All terminal blocks shall be channel (rail)-mounted, strip-type, with a tubular box clamp connector and compression bar or yoke for wire termination. As a minimum, the thickness of the terminals shall be 5 mm or higher. All terminals shall be numbered on both sides.

7.8.3 Terminals shall be made of fire retardant, halogen free, high strength material such as polyamide or equivalent in accordance with UL 94, V0. Brittle materials such as melamine shall not be used.

7.8.4 A fused terminal block shall have a blown-fuse indicator. This may be

a Light Emitting Diode (LED), visual sight indication through a port, or equivalent.

7.8.5 The disconnect levers for fused terminals and knife-switch terminals shall be hinged.

7.8.6 Wires terminated on these terminal blocks shall not have the bare ends coated with or dipped in solder ("tinned"). However, termination of wiring which has individual strands of the copper conductor tinned during manufacture (typical of shield drain wires or for corrosion protection) is acceptable.

7.8.7 Direct termination of the bare wire end is acceptable. The terminal block must be suited for the wire size. The use of crimp-on ferrules shall follow the manufacturer's guidelines and the following:

a) One or two wire ferrule is acceptable. However, the use of ferrules to daisy chain is not acceptable.

b) Only one ferrule shall be connected to each side of a single terminal block.

c) Ferrules shall be provided with plastic insulating collars.

7.8.8 Terminal blocks with a narrow, recessed screw entrance which require

a special screwdriver or wrench may be used only if the insulation material is per Paragraph 7.8.3.

7.8.9 Multiple-deck and spring type terminal blocks shall not be used.

Exception:

When provided as an integral part of manufactured electronic

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equipment, multiple-deck terminal blocks are allowed, but never for direct termination of field cabling.

7.9 Wire Ducts and Looms

7.9.1 Plastic wire ducts with removable covers shall be installed in cabinets as required to provide a means of routing and organizing wiring. A minimum of 50 mm shall be maintained between the duct and terminal strips. Wire markers shall be completely presented without being obscured by the duct.

7.9.2 The maximum conduit/plastic wire duct fill (including spare capacity) shall not exceed the heat requirements of NFPA 70 Section 300.17.

7.9.3 In addition to the above, the maximum plastic wire duct fill (including spare capacity) shall not exceed 75% of its depth.

7.9.4 Plastic wire ducts shall be mounted using screws. Double-sided tape is unacceptable.

7.9.5 Where space limitations preclude the use of plastic wire ducts, wiring shall be neatly loomed and secured with plastic spiral wrapping or tie- wraps and anchors. Wiring between movable parts such as doors shall be installed in flexible hoses.

7.9.6 Loomed wiring shall not be installed near sharp-edged surfaces.

7.9.7 Wiring shall not be threaded through undressed access holes. Glands or protective grommets shall be used.

7.9.8 Vendor-installed cables shall be supported and provided with a strain- relief mechanism for cable connectors.

7.9.9 Wire ducts for ESD wiring shall not contain any other types of wiring.

7.10 Wire Color Coding

 

Hot

Black White or gray Green or green with yellow tracer

AC

Power Supply:

Neutral

 

Ground

DC

Power Supply:

Negative

Black

Positive

Red

If the wire insulation cannot be color-coded as above, the wire must be sleeved with the required color. The sleeve shall cover from the cut insulation end to a point past where the conductor enters the plastic wire duct or a minimum of 4

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inches, whichever is less. Sleeves shall not be used over green insulation. Blue color shall not be used except in intrinsically safe circuits.

7.11 Wire Tagging

7.11.1 Cables with connector plugs shall be tagged at each end. Each cable tag shall have two labels. The first label (closest to the plug connector) shall identify the device and socket to which the plug is to be connected. The second label shall identify the device and socket to which the opposite end of the cable is connected. The two tags may be combined into one tag with sufficient separation between the two labels.

7.11.2 The interconnecting wiring shall be tagged at each end with two identification tags (or the two may be combined into one tag with sufficient separation between wire numbers). The first tag (closest to the end of the wire) shall identify the terminal number to which the wire is physically connected. The second tag shall identify the terminal number to which the opposite end of the wire is connected.

Commentary Notes:

Where jumpers are installed between terminal blocks in the same row or column and are clearly visible, wire tagging is not necessary.

Identification shall be in accordance with designations shown on instrument loop diagrams (ILDs). Where wires terminate on instrument or device terminals, the instrument tag number and terminal designation (+) or (-) (if applicable) will be used in lieu of terminal strip identification.

Exceptions:

1)

Alternate wire tagging schemes, which conform to established local practice, may be used for extensions to existing facilities with the prior approval of the operating facility Manager.

2)

Vendor Standard wire tagging of interconnecting wiring is allowable provided concurrence is granted by the operating facility Manager and General Supervisor, Process Instrumentation Division, Process & Control Systems Department.

7.11.3 Wire tag information shall be permanently marked in block alpha numerics or typed on tubular; heat shrinkable, slip-on sleeves. Wrap- around, snap-on or self-adhesive markers shall not be used. Where shrink fit cable markers cannot be installed over pre-made cable and connectors, a suitable tie-wrap or equivalent type permanent marker shall be used.

Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee

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Next Planned Update: 1 September 2011

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Exceptions:

1)

Alternate wire tagging schemes, which conform to established local practice, may be used for extensions to existing facilities with the prior approval of the operating facility Manager.

2)

Plastic sleeves that are specifically designed to fit on a specific wire gauge and come with pre-printed alpha/numeric inserts (such as Grafoplast Trasp System) may be used for wire tags with prior approval of the operating facility Manager.

7.11.4 Wire and cable tags shall not be handwritten.

7.11.5 Wire tags shall be installed and oriented such that the tags are easily read. (Upside down or covering of tag information by plastic duct covers is not acceptable).

7.11.6 Spare pairs/triads in multi-pair/triad cables shall be labeled SPAREin addition to the destination and source terminal numbers. All spares are to be terminated.

7.11.7 Per NEC 310-11, all conductors and cables shall be marked to indicate the following information:

1)

Maximum rated voltage for which the conductor was listed,

2)

The letter designators for type of wire or cable,

3)

Manufacture's name or trade mark,

4)

The AWG size or circular mil area.

Exception:

If the wire insulation is not marked then a permanent placard must be attached to the inside cabinet door showing the above information and location of where the wiring is used.

7.11.8 All cable ties used inside of cabinets shall be weather resistant nylon cable ties with a stainless steel barb. The cable tie shall have a maximum continuous use temperature rating of 85ºC or higher.

7.12 Terminal Coding

7.12.1 Each row of terminals shall be clearly identified with an alphanumeric label. Each row of ESD terminals shall additionally be marked to show ESD service.

7.12.2 In addition to 7.12.1, each row of Power supply and bus terminals shall be marked with voltage type and level. (e.g., +24 VDC, or 120 VAC, etc.)

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7.12.3 Numerical terminal identification and coding shall be assigned sequentially (in ascending order, from top to bottom or left to right). Each vertical row and group of rows shall be labeled separately.

7.13 Relays

7.13.1 Relays shall be of the electromechanical, dust-tight, 11-pin (3PDT) or 8-pin (DPDT) plug-in type.

Exception:

Relays provided as an integral part of manufactured electronic equipment installed within cabinets may use that manufacturer's standard offering.

7.13.2 Each relay shall be supplied with a bracket or holding clips to prevent it from falling off the base (socket). Using relays that are permanently attached to the relay base is not acceptable.

7.13.3 A dedicated relay base shall be provided for each relay. Using multi- socket modules that can accommodate more than one relay is not acceptable.

7.13.4 The mounting socket shall be provided with a plastic label, color black-white (relay number engraved into the black core with white surface, dull finish). The relay tag shall not be mounted directly on the relay and shall be visible when the relay is installed. The relay number shall be shown as presented in the detailed cabinet drawings.

7.13.5 DIN rail mounted relay bases are preferred.

7.13.6 Coil voltage shall be as specified in the Purchase Order. Pull-in voltage shall be 80% or less of nominal voltage.

7.13.7 All relays shall be provided with suppression diodes.

7.13.8 Relay configuration and pertinent operating information shall be imprinted on the case.

7.14 Push Buttons and Lights

Push buttons and lights shall be industrial quality. Push buttons shall have protective mechanisms to prevent accidental activation as required by the detailed design specification. Long-life type lamps or LED cluster lamps shall be used. It shall be possible to access the lamp bulbs from the front for replacement. The color of the pushbuttons or lights shall be green for

Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 1 September 2011

22 September 2010

34-SAMSS-820

Instrument Control Cabinets Indoor

"ON"/"OPEN" and red for "OFF/"CLOSE" positions. Only screw terminals shall be provided on push buttons.

Exception:

Existing facilities that currently deviate from the above light color specification may use other conventions in order to keep the lighting philosophy consistent within the facility.

7.15 Lamp Test Facilities

For all control panels with indicating lights, a lamp test button shall be provided per panel.

Exceptions:

LED or other lamps integral to a manufacturer's electronic instrumentation do not require the lamp test button.

Power status-indicating lights that are normally "on" where it is not desirable to "cross-feed" lamp test power from an alternative source (Such as UPS power status).

7.16 Circuit Breakers and Fuses

7.16.1 Individual circuit breakers shall be provided for each power supply unit.

7.16.2 Fuses and circuit breakers shall be readily accessible for maintenance with sufficient clearance from obstructions.

7.16.3 Tandem type (dual) circuit breakers in a single molded case shall not be used, as the failure of one breaker requires complete replacement of the assembly.

7.16.4 Circuit breakers shall be installed in a manner that allows replacement of a breaker without disruption to adjacent breakers. Circuit breakers shall not be interconnected using wire jumpers, comb jumpers or bridges of any type.

7.17 Marshalling Cabinet Shielding

7.17.1 Cable shields must have a single, continuous path to ground. Ground loops and floating shields shall be avoided. Shields shall be consolidated and ultimately connected to the Instrument Circuit Ground Bar as detailed in paragraph 7.18.6.

7.17.2 Shield drain wires shall not be daisy-chained using bare wires or crimp connectors to the ground connection.

Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 1 September 2011

22 September 2010

34-SAMSS-820

Instrument Control Cabinets Indoor

7.17.3 Cable shields must have a continuous path to ground. Acceptable methods of consolidating shields are as follows:

 

a)

Special grounding terminals in intimate contact with an electrically isolated DIN Rail.

b)

Terminal Block jumper bars designed for the selected terminal blocks.

c)

Preformed jumper combs designed for the selected terminal blocks.

d)

Electrically isolated bus bars running parallel to terminal blocks.

7.18

Grounding

7.18.1 Both safety ground and instrumentation circuit ground must conform to NEC, Article 250. Grounding system recommendations and requirements provided by manufacturers of instrumentation and control systems (e.g., Distributed Control Systems) shall be followed.

7.18.2 Separate, electrically isolated grounding bars shall be provided, as required.

7.18.3 All ground buses shall be made of a solid copper measuring the following nominal dimensions 5mm x 40 mm x (y length), suitably drilled and tapped for screw terminals and wire lugs, or fitted with screw-type compression lugs.

Commentary Note:

The ground bus dimensions in Paragraph 7.18.3 are nominal. Buses that are slightly different in sizes are acceptable provided that they are sized for the worst case ground currents.

7.18.4 The preferred location of the ground bus bars is at the bottom of the cabinet.

7.18.5 A No. 2 AWG screw-type compression lug shall be provided on both end of each ground bar for interconnection with the Master Instrument Ground or Master Safety Ground.

7.18.6 The ground bus bars shall be labeled and wired as follows:

"AC SAFETY GROUND" for all exposed metal surfaces of cabinets, racks, chassis GND connections, etc. Individual wiring interconnections between the internal components and the bus shall be minimum 14 AWG copper wire, green or green with yellow tracer

Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 1 September 2011

22 September 2010

34-SAMSS-820

Instrument Control Cabinets Indoor

insulation. This bus shall be directly bolted to the cabinet without the use of insulators.

"INSTRUMENT CIRCUIT GROUND" for connecting cable and wire shields and DC Common. Interconnections between shield consolidation points and the bus bar shall be minimum 14 AWG copper wire, green or green with yellow tracer insulation. This bus bar shall be electrically insulated from the cabinet structure.

7.18.7 When provided, AC power receptacle outlets shall be grounded using ground wire terminated on the receptacle grounding terminal. (e.g., A receptacle utilizing the faceplate as a ground path is not permitted.)

7.19 Lighting, Convenience and Power Distribution Receptacle Outlets

7.19.1 Cabinet lights shall be installed where practical and necessary, as specified in the Purchase Order.

7.19.2 If specified, cabinet lights shall be 120 Volt, 60-watt incandescent lamps, size IEC, type E27 or ES (Edison Medium Screw Base) fitting or 15-watt minimum industrial grade, fluorescent lighting fixture(s) oriented in such a manner that the majority of the interior portions of the cabinet are illuminated.

7.19.3 Incandescent lamps shall have a guard to help protect the lamp from accidental breakage. Fluorescent lamps shall have clear plastic sleeve guards to help contain broken glass in case of an accident.

7.19.4 When specified in the Purchase Order, convenience outlets shall be duplex-type and rated at 120 VAC, 10 amp as a minimum.

7.19.5 Interior lamps and convenience outlets shall be wired to separate thermal/magnetic circuit breakers which shall be powered from a Saudi Aramco-furnished AC distribution panel, independent of the UPS power supply.

7.19.6 A switch in the cabinet (in addition to the circuit breaker) shall control each lamp where the lamp is installed. Automatic door switches for lamps are allowed.

8 Testing and Inspection

The items manufactured to this specification are subject to verification by the Saudi Aramco Inspection representative, per the Saudi Aramco Inspection Requirements Form 175-343100 attached to the Purchase Order.

Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 1 September 2011

22 September 2010

34-SAMSS-820

Instrument Control Cabinets Indoor

The Cabinet Fabricator shall verify the operation of all instrumentation and controls. Documented test procedures shall be submitted to Saudi Aramco for approval not less than thirty (30) days before commencement of test. Tests shall include, but shall not be limited to:

a) A function test of all electronic instruments and electric control circuits and relays.

b) Visual inspection to verify compliance with requirements of this specification.

c) Complete wiring check with verification that terminal and wiring code conforms to cabinet design drawings.

d) A certificate of compliance to the RFI requirements of IEC 61000-4-3, Level 3. The certificate(s) shall be for either the entire cabinet or for all the electronic equipment installed within the cabinet.

EMI/RFI Interference (Radiated Susceptibility)

The cabinet electronic equipment shall perform within the normal limits without loss of function or degradation of performance when subjected to radiated electromagnetic fields in accordance with IEC 61000-4-3, Level 3, (at a 10 V/m power level), with cabinet doors open. If certificates are not available, the equipment in the cabinet shall function within the normal limit when tested with a 5 watt radio transceivers operating at 5 Watts within the frequency ranges, 50-174 MHz, 406- 470MHz, and 800-870 MHz and held at a distance of 1.0 meter from the cabinet, with cabinet doors open.

5 October 2005

Revision Summary Major revision intended to address major comments generated as part of the Instrumentation

28 May 2007 22 September 2010

Standards Value Engineering conducted on March 5-9, 2005. Minor revision. Editorial change to delete direct references of vendor names.