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Information Resources Management (IRM)

- is an emerging discipline that helps managers assess and exploit
their information assets for business development

a. Managers and Information Technology

- A person tasked with overseeing one or more employees or
departments to ensure these employees or departments carry out
assigned duties as required. Depending on the size of the
company there might be a single, dual or triple management layer

Information Technology
- The development, installation, and implementation of computer
systems and applications

b. Organizations and IT

- is a social arrangement which pursues collective goals, which
controls its own performance, and which has a boundary
separating it from its environment. The word itself is derived from
the Greek word (organon) meaning tool.

c. Organizational impact of IT


- in business and human organization activity is simply the act of

getting people together to accomplish desired goals. Management
comprises planning, organizing, staffing, leading or directing, and
controlling an organization (a group of one or more people or
entities) or effort for the purpose of accomplishing a goal.

a. Strategic Management

Strategic Management

- is the art, science and craft of formulating, implementing and

evaluating cross-functional decisions that will enable an
organization to achieve its long-term objectives. It is the process
of specifying the organization's mission, vision and objectives,
developing policies and plans, often in terms of projects and
programs, which are designed to achieve these objectives, and
then allocating resources to implement the policies and plans,
projects and programs

b. Operational Management

Operational Management

- defined as the design, operation, and improvement of the

production system that creates the firm’s primary products and

c. Resource Management

Resource Management

- is the efficient and effective deployment of an organization's

resources when they are needed. Such resources may include
financial resources, inventory, human skills, production resources,
or information technology (IT). In the realm of project
management, processes, techniques and philosophies as to the
best approach for allocating resources have been developed.
d. Technology Management

Technology Management
- is set of management disciplines that allows organization to
manage its technological fundamentals to create competitive
- can also be defined as the integrated planning, design,
optimization, operation and control of technological products,
processes and services, a better definition would be the
management of the use of technology for human advantage

e. Distributed Management

Distributed Management

- the management of a network of interconnected businesses