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Operations on Rational Numbers

Operations on Rational Numbers In mathematics, we generally deal with four types of basic operations called as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. We can easily perform these four kinds of operations on different type of numbers. We all know that algebra is an important branch of mathematics and in this we have to tackle different type of numbers. Rational numbers are among different types of numbers, and on rational numbers we can easily perform all these different types of operations. Performing operations on rational numbers is not a big task if you understand the concepts clearly.

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Rational numbers are 'p / q' type, with one condition that here 'q' is not zero. We perform basic operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division on the rational numbers. All the operation on the rational numbers are quiet same as the operations we have performed on the normal numbers. All the operations are very much similar with very simple difference, we have introduced here the format of 'p/q', so we have to use some of the simple and basic rule to do operation on them. We are here just focusing on the multiplication of the rational numbers so we go through the rational numbers and their multiplication in this topic. The method for the multiplication is little different to that of subtraction and addition of rational numbers. In simple terms we can define, multiplication of the numbers as the addition of the numbers by grouping them all. For instance: suppose we have to multiply 3 and 4, then it can be defined as, the addition of 3 four times like: (3 + 3 + 3 + 3). When you do multiplication of rational number, you can use to different approach, in one approach you can simply multiply numerator with numerator and denominator with denominator. The two numbers are 2 / 4 and 3 / 6 then:
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Rational number is represented by Q. Q is any real number which can be expressed in the form of x/y, provided that y is not equal to zero and x and y are integers. Addition of rational numbers play a very important role in various mathematical calculations. Steps for addition of rational numbers: 1. Write the rational numbers and check whether the denominators are same or not. 2. If both the rational numbers have same denominators then we can directly add the numerators and find the answer. 3. Now if the denominators are not same then we take LCM by taking a common term which is divisible by both the denominator. 4. And then we have to divide that common number by each denominator and multiply the result by respective numerators and after that the addition becomes so easy and we obtain the answer by just addition of numerators.

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