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CAPACITOR BANKS

General
This part of the specification covers the design, manufacture, delivery, transportation, and commissioning of capacitor banks. The capacitors shall be installed indoors or outdoors as specified along with the related inrush current reactors, switching facilities and protections. All necessary equipment for the control, protection and supervision of the capacitor banks is also deemed to be included. The capacitor bank shall be factory mounted to a maximum possible extent to reduce the work required at site. The capacitor banks shall be designed as compactly as possible in order to reduce space requirements. The capacitor banks shall be designed for temperature class D (max. 55 C) for outdoor installation and class B (max. 45 C) for indoor installation.

Capacitor Units
The capacitor banks shall comprise a series of single phase capacitor units suitably designed for the required total amount of reactive power for the specified frequency and voltage. The capacitor containers shall be of steel with an adequate corrosion protection. The final coat shall comply with RAL code 7038 light grey . The tenderer will submit along with its offer the painting specification for approval. The guaranteed minimum values of losses of the capacitor units shall include losses due to discharge resistors which shall be mounted inside each unit to discharge each unit from peak voltage to maximum 75 V in less than 10 minutes. Internal fuses shall be provided in order to limit possible failure to a single capacitor element only. The capacitors shall be able to carry continuously 1.3 times the rated current 1.1 times the maximum system voltage and shall provide continuously 1.35 times the rated output. All the above requirements shall be fulfilled under maximum ambient temperature. The dielectric material shall consist of an all film material being suitable to operate the capacitors on continuous load under the specified ambient conditions. The impregnant shall be of a hydrocarbon type fluid characterised by high electrical strength and adequate physical and chemical properties and shall be non-PCB. Low toxicity is required and the impregnant shall be a class III B (OSHA classification) combustible fluid. Each capacitor shall have one or two bushings dependent on the mounting arrangement. For outdoor installation a creepage distance of 50 mm/kV for open rack material or 25 mm/kV for complete inclosed material and for indoor installation of 25 mm/kV shall be considered. The arrangement of the fixing and the bushings shall be identical in order to easily exchange and replace any capacitor element of the total capacitor bank. The terminals for bushings and fixing elements shall be ISO standard (metric).

Capacitor bank
A number of capacitor units shall be combined to capacitor banks in double star arrangement. The modules shall be arranged as an assembly on suitably designed enclosure and constructional members of aluminium to avoid any corrosion problem . The capacitor banks shall include all necessary internal connections and busbars, insulators and other fittings. The capacitor enclosure structure shall be designed to carry all required unit capacitors and facilities, and the conductors comprising the incoming and outgoing circuits under the loadings and factors of safety specified and to give the minimum phase and earth clearances. The safe removal and safe replacement of capacitor units shall minimise the dismantling of any structural member, support, including insulators or main connections. Where necessary, approved means shall be provided upon the capacitor equipment for the fixing and bonding of external connections to secure efficient earthing. Steelwork and all items of the capacitor equipment shall be bonded as necessary with copper straps of adequate cross-section. In case of outdoor open rack installation tinned copper shall be used. Approved facilities shall be provided to temporarily earth the connections and apparatus during maintenance.

Switching device
Source circuit breaker The KV Source circuit breaker is excluded from the scope of supply of the multi-stages capacitor bank equipment. The contractor shall verify with the purchaser that the nominated source circuit breaker is suitable for capacitor switching duties. Tenderers shall state in their tender the circuit breaker requirements for the capacitor bank being offered

Capacitor switches
Each stage shall be controlled by a suitable SF6 circuit breaker for switching in and out the respective capacitor stage, according to the capacitive demand required by the system operating conditions The tenderer shall provide details of the proposed circuit breaker in his tender, together with evidence that they are suitable for switching duties and that the circuit breaker and associated power equipment will not be subject to damaging over-voltages when switching.

Safety interlocking and Earthing


Interlocking shall be provided to ensure that the access to the capacitor bank enclosure is not possible until the associated main incoming circuit breaker has been racked and the faulty stage has been locked out and circuit earth applied. One earthing switch shall be provided in each capacitor stage and will be placed after the automatic circuit breaker. For safety raison this earthing switch will be also interlocked with the main outgoing feeder

Reactor and discharge device Current limiting reactor


The transient current that flows on energising shall not exceed the rated making current of the circuit breaker controlling the capacitor bank stage. If necessary, current limiting reactor shall be connected in series with each capacitor stage to limit the current to an acceptable value. The current calculation which flows upon energising shall be declared and shall take into account the contribution from parallel connected capacitor stages

Current limiting reactors shall be designed for the full system lightning impulse withstand level The reactor shall be dry air cored, mounted on suitably rated support insulator

Discharge devices
Discharge resistors, suitable to discharge the capacitors from peak rated voltage to less than 75 volt within 10 minutes shall be fitted within the capacitor container. Tenderer shall also propose suitable fastdischarge devices for consideration that will achieve de-energisation in less than 30 secondes

Capacitor Protection
The capacitor banks/units shall be provided completely with its internal and external protection which is considered as part of the capacitor equipment. Nevertheless, the general stipulations of Article shall be applicable as far as essential. Protection relays shall be of the numerical type. Fuses Fuses shall be provided internally for protection of individual capacitor units. The fuses shall not deteriorate when the capacitor is subjected to discharge testing nor the currents associated with service operations of the capacitor equipment. Fuses shall only rupture in case the related unit is subject to failure and shall be capable of breaking the current following a failure of the capacitor unit without hazard from the fuse or the capacitor. The ruptured fuse of each element shall withstand indefinitely the voltage imposed across it under all operating conditions. The remaining capacitor units shall be able to operate within the capacitor bank without undue disturbance for a present number of unit capacitor failures. Unbalance Protection Sensitive loss of capacitance and fuse failure detection and alarm facilities shall be provided. The protection shall comprise two independently adjustable steps with separate alarm and tripping contacts at each stage. The first stage is set to operate an alarm when a significant number of capacitor units have failed and the second stage shall initiate tripping after a reset time delay via a trip relay (block-close function) before the loss of capacitance has resulted in an unacceptable over-loading of any capacitor. The Tenderer shall submit a table showing the number of units that can be lost per phase and per series group for a period of 1 month without derating of the capacitor bank and without reduction in the designed life of the capacitor. The minimum number of unit capacitors to satisfy these requirements shall not be less than one. The protection shall be insensitive against inrush and harmonic currents.

Overload and Over-current Protection


For each phase of each capacitor bank an overload and overcurrent protection system shall be provided to protect the capacitors from excess current (rms), including harmonic currents.

Overload protection
A first alarm shall be given at a current of approx. 110 to 120 percent of the rated current if applied for more than approx. 30 min. A second alarm (selectable by links for tripping as well) shall be initiated at currents of 120 to 140 percent of the rated current suitably time delayed to avoid spurious alarms (trippings) being situated during short time disturbances. Each stage of the overload protection shall be independently adjustable.

Over-current protection
For currents above 140 percent of the rated current a time delayed relay shall be provided to initiate tripping. An instantaneous element for initiating tripping at currents above 200 percent of rated current, however properly secured against tripping due to inrush currents shall be added per phase with separate alarm and trip contacts. Reference is made to the MV over-current relays specified in Article of these specifications.

Over-voltage protection
The CONTRACTOR shall propose and provide suitable over-voltage protection devices to control transferred, internal and external over-voltages on the capacitor banks.

Loss of Capacitance
Facilities shall be provided to allow for safe, simple and quick identification of defective capacitor units. Portable test equipment or other means shall be supplied being able to detect defective units.

Protection scheme
The protection scheme shall be designed to isolate the faulted capacitor stage without disruption to the other stages. Schemes which require tripping the main incoming feeder circuit breaker are not acceptable Over-voltage aver-load and unbalance protections may be combined within proprietary relay designed specifically for protection of capacitor banks

Capacitor Bank Control


The capacitor banks connected to each of the xxx kV busbars via one outgoing xxx kV feeder shall consist of one . X Mvar or . X .Mvar. Automatic and manual switching control shall be provided for the different stages. Automatic control shall be preferably provided by a numerical type of reactive power regulator including harmonic current supervision and. The operating mode of each capacitor bank shall be selectable via an Auto/ Manual / Off switch. There shall be On / Off push buttons for manual Close/trip. Manual closing shall only be possible with the selector switch in Manual position. Time delay facilities shall be provided in the manual control circuit to inhibit any re-closing within a set delay time. Delay time shall be adjustable over the range of 0-5 minutes The automatic control unit will initiate switching f the appropriate number of stages in or out of service. The control unit shall select the capacitor stage to be switched in and means shall be provided to vary the duty cycle to ensure a reasonable distribution of switching operations between different capacitor stages. The control system shall provide facility for manual / remote switching out, both locally and remotely from the control centre. Suitable indications of the status of the capacitor bank shall be provided locally and made available for signalling to the control centre. The detailed design of the control and indicating system shall be submitted for approval

Control Panel
A modular panel housing the individual and master controllers is required to be supplied and will be installed in the control room of the substation. The enclosures shall provide at least IP42 protection to the control equipment.

The capacitor bank will be controlled by a logic control scheme as specified in section below.

Controller
The controller shall automatically switch of the Capacitor Banks in the event of loss of the 22 kV supply. The scheme must be capable of re-starting automatically following restoration of supplies. The automatic sequence of switching IN/OUT of the capacitor units in stages shall be controlled by a programmable logic controller of the power factor controler (PFC). The switching sequence shall be coordinated with the logic control of the sub-station. device and Voltage Control (VC) device, and these shall be selectable from manual selection facilities. The switching steps shall be programmable to achieve switching of capacitor sub-banks through stage controlled circuit breaker. Tenderers shall state the substation parameters that are necessary for implementation of the control system, including the required specification of the main transformer CTs. A flow chart detailing the switching sequences shall be included in the Tender. Power Factor Control The PFC relay/equipment shall have a range suitable for proper selection of switching In/Out of the Sub-banks to maintain the Target Power Factor via the PLC. The relay PF setting range shall be. 0.8 CAPACITIVE UNITY 0.8 INDUCTIVE The relay shall have as a minimum a digital display of PF, Target PF, Operation Time Delay, voltage and current. Details of the PFC equipment/manufacturer shall be given in Schedule C.. TESTING

General
The manufacturer shall prepare a programme of type and routine tests and submit these to the Purchaser at least on month before commencement of the programme. Each capacitor unit shall be routine tested to IEC 60871-1&2. Type test certification according to IEC60871-1&2 shall be submitted to the Purchaser for approval. Type test evidence in lieu of tests shall only be accepted on units of identical construction and similar rating to those proposed for this application. Other equipment associated with that capacitor banks shall be subject to routine tests to the relevant IEC standard. The complete capacitor sub-bank assembly shall be subject to insulation testing at the factory. A functional test of the complete capacitor bank control, protection and interlocking schemes shall be carried out in the factory. These shall include secondary injection tests on the protection relays. Simulation tests shall be carried out on all control logic for the integrity of the PFC and VC functions. Routine test results shall be produced and must be available at the time of delivery of the equipment.

Factory Acceptance Tests


CEB reserves the right to witness all Factory Acceptance Tests (FAT, and all costs including travel board and lodgings for such tests are to be to the Contractors account. Notification of the FAT programme shall be forwarded to CEB at least 2 weeks before the tests.

Site Tests
After the plant and ancillary equipment has been erected and connected on site, the installation contractor shall, under the supervision of the manufacturer, carry out tests to the satisfaction of CEB. Details of site tests shall be agreed with CEB, but shall include. System measurements of harmonics to ensure that the addition of the bank has not affected the system. Visual checks of all equipment (for damage, leaks etc). Earthing, earth switches, door operated earth switches. a) Continuity of cable connections, ad phasing as appropriate b) Insulation to earth c) Insulation between phases d) Fuse ratings e) Correct operation of protection relays f) Correct operation of controllers

The Site Acceptance Test (SAT) format for the capacitor banks shall be forwarded by the capacitor bank manufacturer.

DATA SCHEETS GENERAL


The technical Data Sheets form an integral part of the Tender Documents in connection with the Project in question, and shall be filled-in as follows : The CONTRACTOR shall be bound to adhere to the design data and criteria as stated in these Technical Data Sheets or else- where in the Tender Documents. Only the Tendered columns (at the right hand side of the vertical line) of the following pages must be filled in by the Tenderer, without omission. The manner and breakdown of these pages must not be changed, i.e. the Tenderer must in no case add something or change something within the requirements or the Required columns. The values stated by the Tenderer shall be guaranteed limit values, allowing for another margin on its safe side . Each item called for in Technical Data Sheets must be typewritten. If a particular item is not applicable or not quoted, the letters NA (Not Applicable) or NQ (Not Quoted) shall be typed in the space provided. For any data not duly inserted in the data sheets, the most unfavourable data stated by any competitor will be used for evaluation purposes. If there are deviations from or additions to the Technical Specification and the Technical Data Sheets, these and any further explanations must be stated on extra sheets only. All these points in which the Specifications and/or Technical Data Sheets cannot be fulfilled shall be stated and explained separately, see Section I . However, whenever the Tenderer is able to offer better values than required, (e.g. for test voltage levels, ratings at ambient temperature etc.), he is invited to state this without hesitation. In case expressions or equivalent , or similar etc. are used for manufacturers names, these deviations are understood to come into force only after approval of the EMPLOYER/ENGINEER. For similar objects like transformers with modified ratio or impedance as well as meters with different ranges or cables with different cross sections, etc, the Tenderer is requested to multiply the respective sheets and to enclose them (e.g. as sheet A, B,). Catalogues and further descriptive information on all equipment quoted and the pertinent data shall be submitted sufficiently in such a way that the EMPLOYER/ENGINEER may have full and complete knowledge of the Plant and equipment offered. These information shall be summarised on suitably arranged sheets, attached to these Technical Data Sheets, and referring thereto.

REQUIRED CAPACITOR BANKS Capacitors Type Manufacturer Standards Rated Current Unit capacitor Rated voltage Unit capacitor Rated output Unit capacitor Nominal capacitance and maximum permitted tolerance for each unit capacitor Insulation level of each Capacitor bank Lightning impulse Power frequency withstand voltage Maximum ambient temperature Films in elements Type Thickness Number of elements connected in series and/or parallel per unit capacitor Number of unit capacitor connected per bank Impregnating medium Type Specification Reference Total losses per kvar Total weight of complete unit capacitor Including all fitting and impregnating medium Kg mm kV kV C A kV kvar

TENDERER

All film

IEC 60871-1&2

F/%

50 125 55

non PCB

REQUIRED Number of terminals of each unit Capacitor creepage distance (indoor installation) creepage distance (outdoor open installation creepage distance (outdoor enclosed installation) Time required for capacitor-unit internal discharge devices alone (without the aid of external discharge paths) to discharge the capacitor per phase voltage from rated voltage to 75 V. Type of fuse (internal) Overall dimensions of unit height depth width Overall dimensions of bank height depth width Container Material Details of overall finish (including method of cleaning, primary and finishing paints) Circuit breaker Type Manufacturer Standards Rated voltage Switching operations Inrush current reactors Supplier / manufacturer kV mm mm mm mm mm mm mm/kV mm/kV mm/kV

TENDERER

25 50 25

min

max. 10

steel + adequate protection to be submitted along with the offer

SF6

IEC 12 > 10000

Place of manufacture Place of testing Standard Lightning impulse Rated insulation level at rated voltage Kind of insulation Rated voltage Inductance value Tolerance Rated continuous current Rated short circuit current Conductor material Unbalance current transformer Supplier / manufacturer Place of manufacture Place of testing Standard Lightning impulse Rated insulation level at rated voltage Kind of insulation Rated voltage Ratio Burden Accuracy class Over current transformer Supplier / manufacturer Place of manufacture Place of testing Standard IEC 60185 kv A/A VA kV kV IEC 60185 125 50 Dry iron core 22 calculation to be Submitted 15 mini 1 kv H +% A As per IEC 60289 kV kV IEC 60289 125 50 Dry air core 22

Lightning impulse Rated insulation level at rated voltage Kind of insulation Rated voltage Ratio Burden Accuracy class Over-voltage transformer Supplier / manufacturer Place of manufacture Place of testing Standard Lightning impulse Rated insulation level at rated voltage Kind of insulation Rated voltage Ratio Burden Accuracy class Reactive Power Regulator Type Manufacturer Description No. Standards Rated Current Rated frequency Supply voltage Scan Rate Regulation steps

kV kV

125 50 Dry iron core

kv A/A VA

22 100/5 15 mini 10P10

IEC 60289 kV kV 125 50 Dry iron core kv kV/kV VA 22 22/ 0,11 50 mini 5P

numerical

A Hz V DC kHz

1 50 110

min 3

Setting Range Memory Capacity Over Compensation Monitoring Manual Mode Self Monitoring External Interface

cos phi kB RAM yes yes yes RS 232