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Geo Textile
Geo Textile
Geo Textile
Technical Textile
Technical Textile

Technical textile is a textile product manufactured for non-

aesthetic purposes, where function is the primary criterion.

The term 'technical textiles' was coined in the 1980s to describe the growing variety of products.

The term "technical textiles" refers to textile preliminary or semi-finished products which are not used for normal

clothing or home living.

Geotextile
Geotextile

Textile material used in building such structure as roads, dams

& in erosion control to stabilize, protect or reinforce the

structures generally termed as geotextile. Geotextiles are mostly known as geosynthetics. The application area includes:

Civil engineering

Earth & road construction

Dam engineering

Soil sealing & drainage system.

 Civil engineering  Earth & road construction  Dam engineering  Soil sealing & drainage
Basic functions of geotextile:
Basic functions of
geotextile:

Geotextile has the following basic functions:

o Separation

o Stabilization

o

Filtaration

o

Reinforcement

Application categories

GEOSYNTHETICS application
GEOSYNTHETICS application
Application categories GEOSYNTHETICS application ENV.PROTECTION INFRASTRUCTURE ROADS RAILWAYS GROUND IMPROVEMENT
Application categories GEOSYNTHETICS application ENV.PROTECTION INFRASTRUCTURE ROADS RAILWAYS GROUND IMPROVEMENT
Application categories GEOSYNTHETICS application ENV.PROTECTION INFRASTRUCTURE ROADS RAILWAYS GROUND IMPROVEMENT
Application categories GEOSYNTHETICS application ENV.PROTECTION INFRASTRUCTURE ROADS RAILWAYS GROUND IMPROVEMENT
ENV.PROTECTION
ENV.PROTECTION
categories GEOSYNTHETICS application ENV.PROTECTION INFRASTRUCTURE ROADS RAILWAYS GROUND IMPROVEMENT LANDFILL
categories GEOSYNTHETICS application ENV.PROTECTION INFRASTRUCTURE ROADS RAILWAYS GROUND IMPROVEMENT LANDFILL
categories GEOSYNTHETICS application ENV.PROTECTION INFRASTRUCTURE ROADS RAILWAYS GROUND IMPROVEMENT LANDFILL
categories GEOSYNTHETICS application ENV.PROTECTION INFRASTRUCTURE ROADS RAILWAYS GROUND IMPROVEMENT LANDFILL
categories GEOSYNTHETICS application ENV.PROTECTION INFRASTRUCTURE ROADS RAILWAYS GROUND IMPROVEMENT LANDFILL
INFRASTRUCTURE
INFRASTRUCTURE
ROADS RAILWAYS GROUND IMPROVEMENT
ROADS
RAILWAYS
GROUND
IMPROVEMENT
LANDFILL ENGINEERING
LANDFILL ENGINEERING
COASTAL PROTECTION
COASTAL PROTECTION
ROCKFALL PROTECTION
ROCKFALL PROTECTION
CANAL LINING
CANAL LINING
FLOOD CONTROL
FLOOD CONTROL
Types of geotextiles
Types of geotextiles

In general, the vast majority of geotextiles are made from polypropylene or polyester formed into fabrics as follows:

Woven monofilament

Woven multifilament

Nonwoven continuous filament heat bonded

Nonwoven continuous filament needle-punched

Nonwoven staple needle-punched

Nonwoven resin bonded

Other woven and nonwoven combinations

Knitted

Geosynthetic products include the following items:

Geosynthetic products include the following items: • Geogrids • Geonets • Geotextiles • Geomembranes •

Geogrids

Geonets

Geotextiles

Geomembranes

Geosynthetic Clay Liners

Geopipe

Geocomposites

Geosynthetics products at a glance

Geogrids

(Uniaxial &Biaxial)

products at a glance Geogrids (Uniaxial &Biaxial) Geotextiles Nonwoven Woven Geonet Geosynthetic C l a y

Geotextiles

Nonwoven

Woven

Geogrids (Uniaxial &Biaxial) Geotextiles Nonwoven Woven Geonet Geosynthetic C l a y L i n e
Geogrids (Uniaxial &Biaxial) Geotextiles Nonwoven Woven Geonet Geosynthetic C l a y L i n e

Geonet

(Uniaxial &Biaxial) Geotextiles Nonwoven Woven Geonet Geosynthetic C l a y L i n e r
(Uniaxial &Biaxial) Geotextiles Nonwoven Woven Geonet Geosynthetic C l a y L i n e r

Geosynthetic Clay Liners

(Uniaxial &Biaxial) Geotextiles Nonwoven Woven Geonet Geosynthetic C l a y L i n e r

Geomembranes

Important Characteristics of Geotextiles
Important Characteristics of
Geotextiles
Physical properties: • specific gravity • weight • thickness • stiffness • density etc. Mechanical
Physical properties:
• specific gravity
• weight
• thickness
• stiffness
density etc.
Mechanical properties :
a) tenacity
b) tensile strength
c) Drapability
d) flexibility
e) fictional resistance etc.
Important Characteristic Properties of Geotextiles
Important Characteristic
Properties of Geotextiles
Hydraulic properties: a) porosity b) permeability c) permittivity d) transitivity e) filtration l etc.
Hydraulic properties:
a) porosity
b) permeability
c) permittivity
d) transitivity
e) filtration l etc.
Fibres used in geotextile
Fibres used in geotextile

Both natural & manmade fibres are used for the production of

Geotextiles.

Natural fibres:

Manmade fibres:

Cotton

Flax

Jute

Ramie

Polypropylene

Polyester

Polyethylene

PVC

Polyamide

Separation
Separation

Construction across soft soils creates a dilemma for the engineer. Traditionally, the following options may be considered:

Bypass the area.

Remove and replace the soil.

Build directly on the soft soil.

Stabilize mechanically or with an admixture.

• Remove and replace the soil. • Build directly on the soft soil. • Stabilize mechanically

Separation in practice

Separation in practice Geotextile - Separator (Thane, Mumbai)

Geotextile - Separator (Thane, Mumbai)

Filtration
Filtration
In filtration fabrics can be either woven or non-woven, to permit the passage of water
In filtration fabrics can be either woven or non-woven, to
permit the passage of water while retaining soil particles.
Application helps the replacement of graded aggregate
filters by a geotextiles warping.
Some applications of filtration are as follows:
» Beneath stone base for unpaved and paved of roads, rail
roads, airfields.
» To filter hydraulic fills.
» As a flexible form for restoring underground mine integrity

Filtration in practice

Filter - Woven geotextiles
Filter - Woven geotextiles

Geogrid Wraparound Wall at CH. 48 KM & CH. 50 KM,

Lucknow - Muzaffarpur National Highway Project

Reinforcement
Reinforcement
Reinforcement types of geotextiles are used to form the foundation and reduce the level of
Reinforcement types of geotextiles are used to form the
foundation and reduce the level of stress in the soil by
spreading and evening out the stresses. Stability of dams
and embankment can be increased with their property of
reinforcement.
and evening out the stresses. Stability of dams and embankment can be increased with their property
and evening out the stresses. Stability of dams and embankment can be increased with their property
Reinforcement in practice Reinforcement, Vishakapatnam Airport, Andhra Pradesh

Reinforcement in practice

Reinforcement in practice Reinforcement, Vishakapatnam Airport, Andhra Pradesh

Reinforcement, Vishakapatnam Airport, Andhra Pradesh

Road construction
Road construction

The construction sequence of road using geo-textile

Prepare the Site

Lay the Fabric i.e. geo-fabric

Lay the Base.

Spread the aggregate

Compact the aggregate

the Site • Lay the Fabric i.e. geo-fabric • Lay the Base. • Spread the aggregate
Road construction sequence
Road construction sequence
Road construction sequence

Road construction in practice

Road construction in practice Geotextile Wraparound Wall at CH. 48 KM & CH. 50 KM, Lucknow

Geotextile Wraparound Wall at CH. 48 KM & CH. 50 KM, Lucknow - Muzaffarpur National Highway Project

Foundation Drainage
Foundation Drainage

The typical drainage system used in residential foundation

construction is a combination of PVC pipes. Thus small

soil particles can migrate into the drainage path & reduce the capacity of the system.

of PVC pipes. Thus small soil particles can migrate into the drainage path & reduce the
of PVC pipes. Thus small soil particles can migrate into the drainage path & reduce the

Ground Improvement

Ground Improvement Ground Improvement for Tank Foundation, HPCL, Mundra, Gujarat

Ground Improvement for Tank Foundation,

HPCL, Mundra, Gujarat

Foundation Drainage
Foundation Drainage

FX-200 Sheet Drains offer a modern, cost-effective drainage alternative. They replace aggregate backfill in many drainage applications. FX-200 reduces hydrostatic pressure and conveys ground water away from structure.

backfill in many drainage applications. FX-200 reduces hydrostatic pressure and conveys ground water away from structure.
backfill in many drainage applications. FX-200 reduces hydrostatic pressure and conveys ground water away from structure.

Bridge construction

One solution to constructing bridge abutments is a

geosynthetic-reinforced soil (GRS) system. A GRS system is

a soil mass reinforced with layers of geotextiles.

is a geosynthetic-reinforced soil (GRS) system. A GRS system is a soil mass reinforced with layers

Bridge construction

Bridge construction Geotextiles use in bridge construction at Bellary, Karnataka)

Geotextiles use in bridge construction at Bellary, Karnataka)

Geo textile in military

operation

Geo textile in military operation
Erosion Control
Erosion Control
Erosion control products are designed to control erosion and cover a diverse range of products
Erosion control products are designed to control erosion and
cover a diverse range of products includeing nets, meshes,
mats, blankets etc according to short ,medium and long
term.
cover a diverse range of products includeing nets, meshes, mats, blankets etc according to short ,medium
Erosion Control
Erosion Control
In order to control the process of erosion, geotextiles must have following properties: • Reduce
In order to control the process of erosion, geotextiles must
have following properties:
• Reduce rain drop impact
• Intercept rainfall and run off
• Reduce wind and run off velocities
• Store water/water holding capacity

Agricultural Applications

for Geotextile

The original development of geotextiles focused largely on non-

agricultural uses

However, there are many related agricultural applications, including:

lanes to pasture paddocks,

feedlots, and barnyards;

livestock watering areas;

driveways for farmsteads and other farm roads;

drainage ditch and stream crossing areas;

subsurface drainage tubing connections;

Consequence of not using geotextile

Consequence of not using geotextile
Consequence of not using geotextile

While using geotextile

While using geotextile

Technique of using geotextile

Technique of using geotextile Wrong way !!!
Wrong way !!!
Wrong way !!!
Technique of using geotextile Wrong way !!!

Technique of using geotextile

Technique of using geotextile Right way
Technique of using geotextile Right way
Technique of using geotextile Right way

Right way

Other applications

• Land Reclamation From Sea/Desert • Cropland/Hydroponics/Roof Top Planting/Orchid Production/Floriculture Etc. •
• Land Reclamation From Sea/Desert
• Cropland/Hydroponics/Roof Top Planting/Orchid
Production/Floriculture Etc.
• Irrigation liner
• As a Protection of Earthquake
• As Temporary Irrigation Dam
• Protection of Tea Garden(as sunscreen)

Summing up

The spectrum of fiber utilization has

grown to include from conventional ropes to industrial belts in two or three dimensional sophisticated structure. So geotextiles are growing so faster to protect us.

References
References

http://cpr.ca.gov/CPR_Report/Issues_and_Recommendations/Ch

apter_4_Infrastructure/INF02.html

www.google.com

www.answer.com

www.usfabricsinc.com

www.engr.utk.edu

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geotechnical_engineering

http://en.wikipedia.org