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LTE Radio Planning and Optimisation

LTE Radio Planning and Optimisation
LTE Radio Planning and Optimisation
LTE Radio Planning and Optimisation
LTE Radio Planning and Optimisation
LTE Radio Planning and Optimisation

1

Contents

LTE Radio Planning Basics LTE Link Budgets LTE Capacity Planning Optimisation Introduction Self Organising Network Concepts

Radio Planning Basics

Radio Planning Basics
Radio Planning Basics
Radio Planning Basics
Radio Planning Basics
Radio Planning Basics

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1

High Level Design Life Cycle

3 1 High Level Design Life Cycle How many eNBs to satisfy objectives? • Capacity •
3 1 High Level Design Life Cycle How many eNBs to satisfy objectives? • Capacity •

How many eNBs to

satisfy objectives?

Capacity

Coverage

objectives? • Capacity • C o v e r a g e How many sites available?

How many sites available?

• C o v e r a g e How many sites available? Pre-Build Optimisation Ensure
• C o v e r a g e How many sites available? Pre-Build Optimisation Ensure

Pre-Build Optimisation Ensure CAPEX Efficiency and optimal performance

Objectives satisfied with available sites?

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8

Information Required – Phase 1

Generally Known Data Frequency Band Amount of Allocated Spectrum Channel Bandwidth Equipment Performance

Market Research Data Service Area Population Density Population Demographic Population Penetration Expected level of service

LTE Link Budgets

LTE Link Budgets
LTE Link Budgets
LTE Link Budgets
LTE Link Budgets
LTE Link Budgets

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Link Budget :– System Gain

6 Link Budget :– System Gain EiRP G Div Tx PA G Ant L F+C Sys
EiRP G Div Tx PA G Ant L F+C
EiRP
G
Div
Tx PA
G
Ant
L
F+C
Budget :– System Gain EiRP G Div Tx PA G Ant L F+C Sys Gain G

Sys Gain

G Ant

Gain EiRP G Div Tx PA G Ant L F+C Sys Gain G Ant IRL min
IRL min
IRL min
EiRP G Div Tx PA G Ant L F+C Sys Gain G Ant IRL min L

L

F+C

UE

Rx th

Sys Gain UL = (TX PAUE + G AntUE ) (Rx THeNB + L eNB G ANTeNB G Div )

Sys Gain DL = (TX PAeNB L eNB + G AnteNB + G Div ) (Rx THUE G ANTUE G Div )

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2

Link Budget : – MAPL, Spending the Budget

MAPL Distance Body Margin 0 – 3 dB Building Margin 5 – 30dB Fade Margin
MAPL
Distance
Body Margin 0 – 3 dB
Building Margin 5 – 30dB
Fade Margin 8 – 12 dB
Sys
Gain

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Using MAPL to Find Distance

Frequency

Clutter

Clutter
MAPL Propagation Model Distance
MAPL
Propagation
Model
Distance
8 Using MAPL to Find Distance Frequency Clutter MAPL Propagation Model Distance Antenna Height Terrain
8 Using MAPL to Find Distance Frequency Clutter MAPL Propagation Model Distance Antenna Height Terrain
8 Using MAPL to Find Distance Frequency Clutter MAPL Propagation Model Distance Antenna Height Terrain
8 Using MAPL to Find Distance Frequency Clutter MAPL Propagation Model Distance Antenna Height Terrain

Antenna

Height

Terrain

Terrain

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Performance KPIs

Signal Strength Noise and Interference 64QAM 16QAM QPSK • Cell Edge Throughput • RSRQ •
Signal Strength
Noise and Interference
64QAM
16QAM
QPSK
• Cell Edge Throughput
• RSRQ
• RSRP
• RSSI
• SNR

Area Availability

Cell Edge Availability

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14

Defining RSRP, RSSI and RSRQ

Rs Rs Rs Rs
Rs
Rs
Rs
Rs

LTE Resource Block

10 14 Defining RSRP, RSSI and RSRQ Rs Rs Rs Rs LTE Resource Block
10 14 Defining RSRP, RSSI and RSRQ Rs Rs Rs Rs LTE Resource Block

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13

UE Radio Measurements

11 13 UE Radio Measurements

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15

RSRP and RSRQ Targets

12 15 RSRP and RSRQ Targets

LTE Capacity Planning

LTE Capacity Planning
LTE Capacity Planning
LTE Capacity Planning
LTE Capacity Planning
LTE Capacity Planning

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Capacity in LTE

LTE supports Adaptive Modulation and Coding Actual Capacity will depend on users location in the cell SINR is the most important planning KPI Average cell throughput will lower than quoted maximums

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5

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The Capacity Planning Problem

100+ Mbps!

Assumes good radio signal in every part of the radio cell

64QAM 16QAM QPSK
64QAM
16QAM
QPSK

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User Distribution in the Cell

User Distribution will impact average cell throughput The resource scheduler in the eNB is very important Scheduling may be different between vendors

64QAM 16QAM QPSK ~15% of Area ~75% of Area
64QAM
16QAM
QPSK
~15% of Area
~75% of Area

~10% of Area

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Average Cell Throughput

Lower Average Due to resource sharing Between many users Higher Peak Loads due to less
Lower Average
Due to resource sharing
Between many users
Higher Peak Loads
due to less active users
time
Mbps

Average Busy Hour Throughput

Average Non-Busy Hour Throughput

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Capacity Modelling

Try to Determine what data the typical user will consume

18 Capacity Modelling Try to Determine what data the typical user will consume

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Capacity Modelling cont.

Extrapolate consumption between subscriber population Make assumptions about “busy period” to obtain Data Density

Extrapolate consumption between subscriber population Make assumptions about “busy period” to obtain Data Density
Extrapolate consumption between subscriber population Make assumptions about “busy period” to obtain Data Density

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Capacity Modelling cont.

Use Link Budget and Sector Throughput to determine number of radio cells

20 Capacity Modelling cont. Use Link Budget and Sector Throughput to determine number of radio cells

Optimisation Introduction

Optimisation Introduction
Optimisation Introduction
Optimisation Introduction
Optimisation Introduction
Optimisation Introduction

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1

Optimisation Context

22 1 Optimisation Context

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Optimisation Targets

Cell Edge Throughput

5-10Mbps

RSRQ

-7dB

RSRP

-75dB

SNR

>13dB

Area Availability

90%

Cell Edge Availability

75%

RF Optimisation Options

Antenna Orientations, Tilt, Azimuth

Transmit Power

Antenna Height

eNB Location

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Mobility Optimisation

Initial Cell Selection

UE
UE

Qrxlevmeas

Low Qrxlevmin Qminoffset

High Qrxlevmin Qminoffset

Srxlev = Qrxlevmeas – (Qrxlevmin+ Qrxlevminoffset) - Pcompensation

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Cell Reselection

Sintrasearch Snonntrasearch IRAT Search Search No SearchLTE
Sintrasearch
Snonntrasearch
IRAT Search
Search No SearchLTE

Rs = Qmeas_s +Qhyst Rn = Qmeas_n + Qoffset

Rn > Rs > Treselection

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Other Mobility Considerations

IRAT Cell Reselection Decisions

UMTS LTE UE • • GERAN • •
UMTS
LTE
UE
GERAN

Measurement Thresholds

Cell Priority

Mobility Offset/Hyst

Mobility Status (speed)

Cell Ranking

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Other Mobility Considerations :- Handovers

LTE and IRAT Handovers

• Measurement/ Reporting Thresholds

• Cell Priority

• Mobility Offset/Hyst

• Mobility Status (speed)

• Cell Ranking

UMTS LTE UE • GERAN •
UMTS
LTE
UE
GERAN

eNB makes H/O Decision

H/O Algorithm Vendor/ Operator Controlled

Self Organising Network Concepts

Self Organising Network Concepts
Self Organising Network Concepts
Self Organising Network Concepts
Self Organising Network Concepts
Self Organising Network Concepts

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Optimisation for Future Deployments

Self Organising/Optimising Networks

29 Optimisation for Future Deployments Self Organising/Optimising Networks

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SON Release 8

Focus is on initial equipment installation and integration eNB Self Configuration

Automatic Inventory Automatic Software Download Automatic Neighbour Relation Automatic Physical Cell ID assignment

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SON Release 9

Provides SON functionality covering operational aspects of already commercial networks, in particular key aspects related to network optimization procedures.

Mobility Robustness/Handover optimization RACH optimization Load Balancing optimization Inter-Cell Interference Coordination

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SON Release 10

Provides a richer suite of SON functions for macro and metro networks overlaid on and interoperating with existing mobile networks.

Coverage & Capacity optimization Enhanced Inter-Cell Interference Coordination Cell Outage Detection and Compensation Self-healing functions Minimization of Drive Testing Energy Savings

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SON Architecture

Centralised SON

A centralized architecture approach can be used for deploying real-time SON functions, such as Automatic Neighbor Relations and Automatic Physical Cell ID. The OAM must also handle large amounts of data in order to make the localized SON decisions across the network Multi-Vendor support may be difficult

amounts of data in order to make the localized SON decisions across the network Multi-Vendor support
amounts of data in order to make the localized SON decisions across the network Multi-Vendor support
SON eUTRAN eUTRAN OAM EPC eUTRAN
SON
eUTRAN
eUTRAN
OAM
EPC
eUTRAN

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SON Architecture

Distributed SON

The distributed architecture leverages smart, autonomous network elements with local SON decision making This reduces the complexity, footprint and availability requirements of the OAM X2 requirements are more complex Easier in a multi-vendor system

footprint and availability requirements of the OAM X2 requirements are more complex Easier in a multi-vendor
footprint and availability requirements of the OAM X2 requirements are more complex Easier in a multi-vendor
footprint and availability requirements of the OAM X2 requirements are more complex Easier in a multi-vendor
OAM
OAM
SONSON eUTRAN SONSON eUTRAN EPC SONSON eUTRAN
SONSON
eUTRAN
SONSON
eUTRAN
EPC
SONSON
eUTRAN

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SON Architecture

Hybrid SON

More complex solution OAM can make long term optimisation decisions and eNB can deal with the real time optimisation of load and interference Should be possible to build effective systems in a multi-vendor system

the real time optimisation of load and interference Should be possible to build effective systems in
the real time optimisation of load and interference Should be possible to build effective systems in
SONSON SON eUTRAN SONSON eUTRAN OAM EPC SONSON eUTRAN
SONSON
SON
eUTRAN
SONSON
eUTRAN
OAM
EPC
SONSON
eUTRAN

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LTE Training:- Telecoms Academy Visit Helen Robinson on Stand 23

LTE Technical and non-Technical Overviews LTE Radio Planning and Optimisation LTE Core Network Planning and Dimensioning eUTRAN Protocols and Signaling LTE and IMS miniMBA with LTE Focus Distance Learning Course with LTE focus

37

Telecoms Academy

37 Telecoms Academy dave.mcnally@informa.com http:// www.telecomsacademy.com http://www.schooloflte.com/

dave.mcnally@informa.com http:// www.telecomsacademy.com http://www.schooloflte.com/