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JoHN M,A,RSHALL Law ScHooL

There are various objections one can raise in the course of a trial. However, for the purposes of this competition, only the below objections will be allowed: 1. Leading the witness: This occurs when the questioner suggests answers during questioning. This

OBJECTIONSi
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objection should only be raised on direct examination. On cross-examination, counsel should ask leading questions.
asked, or witnesses' response brings up something that has not been introduced to the court previously. Asked and Answered: This occurred when the question being asked was asked and answered already. Compound Questiofli When the questioner is asking two questions in one

2.

Assumes Facts Not in Evidence: this occurs whr:n the question

3' 4. 5. Speculative/Speculation:
on the stand.

6. Argumentative: This occurs when instead of asking questions, the attorney 7.

This occurs when counsel is asking a question that calls for a witness to guess at the answer. However, it is ok for a witness to give estimations based on personal knowledge,
is arguing

with the witness

Relevance:occurswheneitherthequestionasked,ortheanswergivendonotrelatetothecaseat
hand. With a relevance objection, the questioner should give a reason why the question or the witnesses answer should be allowed. Then at that time the judge will decide.

"I believe" "l think" Counsel should not use these phrases. Thc case is not about what they think or believe, rather the case is about what the evidence will show. 9. l,t iSating the LaW: This occurs i'"'hcii attorncy i:r qucting thc larv inccrrectli,. Because th:1' are gctting it wrong, you should object. 10. Narrative: Occurs r,vhen on direct examination the witness goes on and on about sornething aftcr answering a questiou. The testimony may be improper - either letting in hearsay. or sorne other objectionable testimony. This usually happens after counsel asks a simple question, and the witness continues to talk after answering thc question. 11. No Foundatiofll There must be prelirninary facts that have to be introduced before certain evidence is brought into the trial. Usually happens with exiribits. The questioner should ask to lay proper foundation, and lay a proper foundation, or the evidence r.vill not bc admitted. The court neecls to knor,v what an exhibit is, and how the witness knows about the document. 12. Beymd the Spe: Occurs when the question on cross examination does not relate to what was asked during direct examination. Easy example: Questions on direct asked about a person's clothes, and on cross examination the defendant's counsel asks about the rvitness' mother. 13. Heafsay: This is something the witness has heard someone say outside of the courtroom. However there are ttumerous exceptions to the hearsay rule and ilan execption applies, the courl will allou'hearsay evidence to bc testified to. For pllrposes of tiris competition only the following hearsay exceptions are allorvcd: l. Hearsay evideuce rvill be premitted when thc r'vitncss is repcating a statement that was made by onc of the parlies in the case. 2. Hearsay evideuce will be permitted when the witness r.vho made the statement has died. 3. Ilearsay evidence will be permitted rvhcn thc persolt r,vho made the statement is the Def-endant

8. Cound isSating pr$nal opinims