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The Australian Innovation Patent

(background to the “wheel” patent)

Innovation patents are a new type of patent available only in Australia. Innovation patent applications typically cost about the same as a standard complete patent applications, but they have the following important differences:

Innovation patents last for a maximum of 8 years, whereas standard patents last for

maximum of 20 years. Innovation patents are granted without examination, usually within 1 to 3 months,

whereas standard patents are examined only after paying the examination fee, and usually take 2 to 4 years. After an innovation patent has been granted, the owner or any person may request

examination, and such examination must occur before the owner can commerce or threaten to commence infringement proceedings. The overall cost of an innovation patent is usually much less than that of a standard patent when the annual renewal fees (paid for 20 years) of a standard patent are taken into account.

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(12) GFWNTED INNOVATION PATENT (ll) App icationNo. AU 2001100012 A4 (19) AUSTRALIAN PATENT
(12) GFWNTED INNOVATION PATENT (ll) App icationNo. AU 2001100012 A4 (19) AUSTRALIAN PATENT

(12)

GFWNTED

INNOVATION

PATENT

(ll)

App icationNo. AU 2001100012

A4

(19)

AUSTRALIAN

PATENT

OFFICE

2001100012 A4 (19) AUSTRALIAN PATENT OFFICE Title 7 Circular transportatim facilitation device ( 2 1
2001100012 A4 (19) AUSTRALIAN PATENT OFFICE Title 7 Circular transportatim facilitation device ( 2 1
2001100012 A4 (19) AUSTRALIAN PATENT OFFICE Title 7 Circular transportatim facilitation device ( 2 1

Title

A4 (19) AUSTRALIAN PATENT OFFICE Title 7 Circular transportatim facilitation device ( 2 1 ) (
A4 (19) AUSTRALIAN PATENT OFFICE Title 7 Circular transportatim facilitation device ( 2 1 ) (
A4 (19) AUSTRALIAN PATENT OFFICE Title 7 Circular transportatim facilitation device ( 2 1 ) (

7

Circular

transportatim

facilitation

device

OFFICE Title 7 Circular transportatim facilitation device ( 2 1 ) ( 4 5 ) (
OFFICE Title 7 Circular transportatim facilitation device ( 2 1 ) ( 4 5 ) (
OFFICE Title 7 Circular transportatim facilitation device ( 2 1 ) ( 4 5 ) (

(21)

(45)

(71)

(22)

Application

Date:

2001.05.24

l36Ol3

001100

 

Application

No:

2001100012

Publication

Date

:

2001.08.02

Applicant(s)

John

Keogh

 
: 2001.08.02 Applicant(s) John Keogh   ( 5 1 ) International Patent Classification(s) ( 5 4

(51)

International

Patent

Classification(s)

(54)

( 5 1 ) International Patent Classification(s) ( 5 4 ) (72) Inventor(s) Keogh, John Michael

(72)

Inventor(s)

Patent Classification(s) ( 5 4 ) (72) Inventor(s) Keogh, John Michael AgeMAttorney Sandercock

Keogh,

John

Michael

AgeMAttorney

Sandercock

Cowie

69 Robinson

Street

(74)

John Michael AgeMAttorney Sandercock Cowie 69 Robinson Street ( 7 4 ) Dandenonu Victoria AU
John Michael AgeMAttorney Sandercock Cowie 69 Robinson Street ( 7 4 ) Dandenonu Victoria AU

Dandenonu

Victoria

AU

ABSTIUCT In accordance with a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a
ABSTIUCT In accordance with a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a
ABSTIUCT In accordance with a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a
ABSTIUCT In accordance with a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a

ABSTIUCT

ABSTIUCT In accordance with a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a transportation
ABSTIUCT In accordance with a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a transportation
ABSTIUCT In accordance with a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a transportation

In accordance with a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a

a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a transportation facilitation device including a

transportation facilitation device including a circular rim, a bearing in which a hollow

device including a circular rim, a bearing in which a hollow member, and a series of
device including a circular rim, a bearing in which a hollow member, and a series of
device including a circular rim, a bearing in which a hollow member, and a series of

member, and a series of connecting members

5 cylindrical member is rotatable about a rod situated

connecting

within the hollow cylindrical the circular rim with the hollow

the hollow cylindrical the circular rim with the hollow cylindrical member to maintain the circular rim
the hollow cylindrical the circular rim with the hollow cylindrical member to maintain the circular rim

cylindrical member to maintain the circular rim and the hollow cylindrical member in substantially fixed relation, wherein the rod is positioned on an axis perpendicular to the plane of the circular rim, and substantiaIly central of the circular rim.

is positioned on an axis perpendicular to the plane of the circular rim, and substantiaIly central
is positioned on an axis perpendicular to the plane of the circular rim, and substantiaIly central

10

is positioned on an axis perpendicular to the plane of the circular rim, and substantiaIly central
is positioned on an axis perpendicular to the plane of the circular rim, and substantiaIly central
is positioned on an axis perpendicular to the plane of the circular rim, and substantiaIly central
is positioned on an axis perpendicular to the plane of the circular rim, and substantiaIly central

Regulation

3.2

Regulation 3.2 AUSTRALIA Patenls Aci 1990 COMPLETE SPECIFICATION INNOVATION PATENT Name of Applicant: JOHN MICHAEL
Regulation 3.2 AUSTRALIA Patenls Aci 1990 COMPLETE SPECIFICATION INNOVATION PATENT Name of Applicant: JOHN MICHAEL
Regulation 3.2 AUSTRALIA Patenls Aci 1990 COMPLETE SPECIFICATION INNOVATION PATENT Name of Applicant: JOHN MICHAEL
Regulation 3.2 AUSTRALIA Patenls Aci 1990 COMPLETE SPECIFICATION INNOVATION PATENT Name of Applicant: JOHN MICHAEL

AUSTRALIA

Regulation 3.2 AUSTRALIA Patenls Aci 1990 COMPLETE SPECIFICATION INNOVATION PATENT Name of Applicant: JOHN MICHAEL
Regulation 3.2 AUSTRALIA Patenls Aci 1990 COMPLETE SPECIFICATION INNOVATION PATENT Name of Applicant: JOHN MICHAEL

Patenls Aci 1990

Regulation 3.2 AUSTRALIA Patenls Aci 1990 COMPLETE SPECIFICATION INNOVATION PATENT Name of Applicant: JOHN MICHAEL
Regulation 3.2 AUSTRALIA Patenls Aci 1990 COMPLETE SPECIFICATION INNOVATION PATENT Name of Applicant: JOHN MICHAEL
Regulation 3.2 AUSTRALIA Patenls Aci 1990 COMPLETE SPECIFICATION INNOVATION PATENT Name of Applicant: JOHN MICHAEL
Regulation 3.2 AUSTRALIA Patenls Aci 1990 COMPLETE SPECIFICATION INNOVATION PATENT Name of Applicant: JOHN MICHAEL

COMPLETE

SPECIFICATION

3.2 AUSTRALIA Patenls Aci 1990 COMPLETE SPECIFICATION INNOVATION PATENT Name of Applicant: JOHN MICHAEL
3.2 AUSTRALIA Patenls Aci 1990 COMPLETE SPECIFICATION INNOVATION PATENT Name of Applicant: JOHN MICHAEL

INNOVATION

PATENT

Patenls Aci 1990 COMPLETE SPECIFICATION INNOVATION PATENT Name of Applicant: JOHN MICHAEL KEOGH Actual
Patenls Aci 1990 COMPLETE SPECIFICATION INNOVATION PATENT Name of Applicant: JOHN MICHAEL KEOGH Actual

Name of Applicant:

JOHN

MICHAEL

KEOGH

Actual

Inventor(s):

JOHN

h%klCHAEL

KEOGH

Address

for Service:

SANDliZRCOCK

& COWIE

 
 

69 Robinson Street,

DANDENONG

VIC

3175

Invention

Title:

CIRCULAR

TRANSPORTATION

FACILITATIUN

Robinson Street, DANDENONG VIC 3175 Invention Title: CIRCULAR TRANSPORTATION FACILITATIUN DEVICE.
Robinson Street, DANDENONG VIC 3175 Invention Title: CIRCULAR TRANSPORTATION FACILITATIUN DEVICE.

DEVICE.

Robinson Street, DANDENONG VIC 3175 Invention Title: CIRCULAR TRANSPORTATION FACILITATIUN DEVICE.
Robinson Street, DANDENONG VIC 3175 Invention Title: CIRCULAR TRANSPORTATION FACILITATIUN DEVICE.
-l- TITLE: CIRCULAR TRANSPORTATION FACILITATION DEVICE FIELD OF THE INVENTION   The invention

-l-

-l- TITLE: CIRCULAR TRANSPORTATION FACILITATION DEVICE FIELD OF THE INVENTION   The invention
-l- TITLE: CIRCULAR TRANSPORTATION FACILITATION DEVICE FIELD OF THE INVENTION   The invention
-l- TITLE: CIRCULAR TRANSPORTATION FACILITATION DEVICE FIELD OF THE INVENTION   The invention

TITLE:

CIRCULAR

TRANSPORTATION

FACILITATION

DEVICE

FIELD

OF THE

INVENTION

 
DEVICE FIELD OF THE INVENTION   The invention relates to a device for facilitating transport
DEVICE FIELD OF THE INVENTION   The invention relates to a device for facilitating transport
DEVICE FIELD OF THE INVENTION   The invention relates to a device for facilitating transport
DEVICE FIELD OF THE INVENTION   The invention relates to a device for facilitating transport

The invention relates to a device for facilitating transport of

goods

and persons.

In

a device for facilitating transport of goods and persons. In particular, the device relates to a

particular, the device relates to a circular object which enables such goods and persons to be held above a surface and simukaneously moved with respect to the surface approximately parallel thereto.

with respect to the surface approximately parallel thereto. 10 BACKGROWND OF THE INVENTION In the past,
with respect to the surface approximately parallel thereto. 10 BACKGROWND OF THE INVENTION In the past,

10

BACKGROWND

OF THE

INVENTION

In the past, transportation of goods and persons has been conducted in a number of ways. The predominant means has been transport of persons on foot, and carrying thereby of goods requiring transport.

15

of persons on foot, and carrying thereby of goods requiring transport. 15 10523,A:\333krogh.innovalion. wpd, 1
of persons on foot, and carrying thereby of goods requiring transport. 15 10523,A:\333krogh.innovalion. wpd, 1
of persons on foot, and carrying thereby of goods requiring transport. 15 10523,A:\333krogh.innovalion. wpd, 1
of persons on foot, and carrying thereby of goods requiring transport. 15 10523,A:\333krogh.innovalion. wpd, 1
- 2 - Other means of transport have included, in colder climates, skis, sleds, toboggans
- 2 - Other means of transport have included, in colder climates, skis, sleds, toboggans
- 2 - Other means of transport have included, in colder climates, skis, sleds, toboggans
- 2 - Other means of transport have included, in colder climates, skis, sleds, toboggans

-

2 -

- 2 - Other means of transport have included, in colder climates, skis, sleds, toboggans and

Other means of transport have included, in colder climates, skis, sleds, toboggans and the

included, in colder climates, skis, sleds, toboggans and the like, which slide over a smooth (low
included, in colder climates, skis, sleds, toboggans and the like, which slide over a smooth (low
included, in colder climates, skis, sleds, toboggans and the like, which slide over a smooth (low
included, in colder climates, skis, sleds, toboggans and the like, which slide over a smooth (low

like, which

slide over a smooth

(low

coefficient

of friction)

surface

such as ice or snow,

(low coefficient of friction) surface such as ice or snow, thus transporting the person and/or goods.

thus transporting the person and/or goods. These modes of transport have the advantage

and/or goods. These modes of transport have the advantage that when travelling down a sloped surface,
and/or goods. These modes of transport have the advantage that when travelling down a sloped surface,
and/or goods. These modes of transport have the advantage that when travelling down a sloped surface,

that when

travelling

down

a sloped surface,

free movement,

that is, unassisted

forward

a sloped surface, free movement, that is, unassisted forward 5 motion, is possible. The user is

5

motion, is possible. The user is only required to apply effort to cause movement when

travelling uphill or on a substantially fiat plane, and this reduced effurt helps the user

move to the desired destination

more quickly

and more easily.

 

Unfortunately,

such smooth

surfaces

for

slidin, CJover

are not

generally

available in

10

warmer

climates where

snow

and ice do not form naturally.

As such, and in the absence

and ice do not form naturally. As such, and in the absence of altematives, foot transport
and ice do not form naturally. As such, and in the absence of altematives, foot transport

of altematives,

foot transport

may be required.

It would

be useful

if

a device

was

available which

enabled such unassisted

forward

motion

on downhill

slopes on surfaces

having

a much higher coefficient

of friction

than snow

or ice.

 
coefficient of friction than snow or ice.   15 SUMMAFLY OF THE INVENTION In accordance with
coefficient of friction than snow or ice.   15 SUMMAFLY OF THE INVENTION In accordance with

15

SUMMAFLY

OF THE

INVENTION

than snow or ice.   15 SUMMAFLY OF THE INVENTION In accordance with a first aspect

In

accordance

with

a

first

aspect

of

the present

invention,

there

is provided

a

a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a transportation facilitation device including:- 20
a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a transportation facilitation device including:- 20

transportation

facilitation

device including:-

is provided a transportation facilitation device including:- 20 si.circular rim; a bearing in which a

20

si.circular

rim;

a bearing

in which

a hollow

cylindrical

member

is rotatable

about a rod situated within

the hollow

cylindrical

member;

and

 
the hollow cylindrical member; and   25 a series of connecting members connecting the circular
the hollow cylindrical member; and   25 a series of connecting members connecting the circular
the hollow cylindrical member; and   25 a series of connecting members connecting the circular

25 a series of connecting members connecting the circular rim with the hollow cylindrical

connecting the circular rim with the hollow cylindrical member to maintain the circular fixed relation; wherein
connecting the circular rim with the hollow cylindrical member to maintain the circular fixed relation; wherein
connecting the circular rim with the hollow cylindrical member to maintain the circular fixed relation; wherein

member to maintain the circular fixed relation; wherein

rim and the hollow cylindrical member in substantially

rim and the hollow cylindrical member in substantially the rod is positioned oh an axis perpendicular
rim and the hollow cylindrical member in substantially the rod is positioned oh an axis perpendicular

the rod is positioned oh an axis perpendicular

to the plane

of the circular

rim,

and

an axis perpendicular to the plane of the circular rim, and 30 substantially central of the
an axis perpendicular to the plane of the circular rim, and 30 substantially central of the

30 substantially central of the circular rim.

rim, and 30 substantially central of the circular rim. PREFERFUZD ASPECTS OF THE INVENTION 10523,A.\333kmgh.
rim, and 30 substantially central of the circular rim. PREFERFUZD ASPECTS OF THE INVENTION 10523,A.\333kmgh.
rim, and 30 substantially central of the circular rim. PREFERFUZD ASPECTS OF THE INVENTION 10523,A.\333kmgh.

PREFERFUZD

ASPECTS

OF THE

INVENTION

and 30 substantially central of the circular rim. PREFERFUZD ASPECTS OF THE INVENTION 10523,A.\333kmgh. innovaaon.wpd.2
and 30 substantially central of the circular rim. PREFERFUZD ASPECTS OF THE INVENTION 10523,A.\333kmgh. innovaaon.wpd.2

10523,A.\333kmgh.

innovaaon.wpd.2

and 30 substantially central of the circular rim. PREFERFUZD ASPECTS OF THE INVENTION 10523,A.\333kmgh. innovaaon.wpd.2
and 30 substantially central of the circular rim. PREFERFUZD ASPECTS OF THE INVENTION 10523,A.\333kmgh. innovaaon.wpd.2
In apreferred form of the circular rim of the present invention, to allow smoother rolling
In apreferred form of the circular rim of the present invention, to allow smoother rolling
In apreferred form of the circular rim of the present invention, to allow smoother rolling
In apreferred form of the circular rim of the present invention, to allow smoother rolling
In apreferred form of the circular rim of the present invention, to allow smoother rolling
In apreferred form of the circular rim of the present invention, to allow smoother rolling

In apreferred form of the circular rim

of the present invention,

to allow

smoother

rolling

arubber layer is provided

of the circular

rim over

on an outer surface

a surface

of the circular rim over on an outer surface a surface on which it is placed,

on which

the circular rim over on an outer surface a surface on which it is placed, and

it is placed, and to protect the outer surface of the circular rim.

and to protect the outer surface of the circular rim. 5 In a further preferred form

5

In a further

preferred

form of the invention,

the rubber layer includes

an inflatable

tube.

BRIEF

DESCFUPTION

OF THE

VIEWS

OF THE

DRAWINGS

The invention

will

now

be further

described

in relation

to the attached

drawings,

in

10

which:-

 

Figure 1is a perspective drawing of a cart incorporating a series of circular transportation

facilitation

devices

in accordance with

a preferred

aspect of the present

invention;

and

15

Figure

2

is

a side

elevational

view

of a circular

transportation

facilitation

device in

accordance

with

a preferred

aspect of the present invention.

DETAILED

DESCRIPTION

WITH

RESPECT

TO THE

DRAWINGS

20

Tuming

firstly

to Figure

1, there is provided

a cart

10 in

the form of an open topped box

12.

Mounted

to the underside

of

the box

(or

axles)

14.

The

rods

14 are

mounted

perpendicularly

to the direction

12 are rods of movement

indicated

by arrow

A.

Mounted on each end of each rod 14 is a circular transportation

facilitation

device 16,

25

also shown in Figure 2. Each circular transportation

facilitation

device 16 lies in a plane

substantially perpendicular to the axis of its respective rod 14.

 

Each circular transportation facilitation device 16 includes a hollow cylindrical bearing

member

18, a series of connecting

members

20 and a circular

rim member

22. Attached

30

to

each rim member

22 is a protective

rubber sheath

24, which

may be inflated

with

air

rubber sheath 24, which may be inflated with air to provide cushioning to the cart 10
rubber sheath 24, which may be inflated with air to provide cushioning to the cart 10
rubber sheath 24, which may be inflated with air to provide cushioning to the cart 10

to provide

cushioning

to the cart 10 and protect

the rim member

22 during use.

The hollow

cylindrical

bearing member

18 of each circular

transportation

facilitation

22 during use. The hollow cylindrical bearing member 18 of each circular transportation facilitation
22 during use. The hollow cylindrical bearing member 18 of each circular transportation facilitation
22 during use. The hollow cylindrical bearing member 18 of each circular transportation facilitation
22 during use. The hollow cylindrical bearing member 18 of each circular transportation facilitation
22 during use. The hollow cylindrical bearing member 18 of each circular transportation facilitation
-4- device 16 is rotatably mounted on a rod 14. The hollow cylindrical bearing member

-4-

-4- device 16 is rotatably mounted on a rod 14. The hollow cylindrical bearing member 18
-4- device 16 is rotatably mounted on a rod 14. The hollow cylindrical bearing member 18

device 16 is rotatably mounted on a rod 14. The hollow cylindrical bearing member 18

on a rod 14. The hollow cylindrical bearing member 18 is fixed to the circular rim
on a rod 14. The hollow cylindrical bearing member 18 is fixed to the circular rim

is fixed to the circular rim member 22 by the series of connecting members 20 as shown.

22 by the series of connecting members 20 as shown.   As constructed, the cart 10
 

As constructed,

the cart 10 is movable backwards

or forwards

in

line with

axis A,

to

5

effect carriage of goods and/or persons

(not shown)

in the open box

12.

As the cart

10

(not shown) in the open box 12. As the cart 10 moves in a given direction
(not shown) in the open box 12. As the cart 10 moves in a given direction
(not shown) in the open box 12. As the cart 10 moves in a given direction

moves in a given direction

on a surface on which

it is placed, the circular

transportation

facilitation

devices

16 simultaneously

rotate to allow

smooth

forward

or backward

movement

of the cart

10, largely

unaffected

by the coefficient

of friction

between

the

by the coefficient of friction between the   surface on which the cart 10 is situated
by the coefficient of friction between the   surface on which the cart 10 is situated
 

surface

on

which

the cart

10 is situated

and the par-t of

the circular

transportation

10

facilitation

device 16 which is

in contact

with

the surface.

The rotating

motion

of the

with the surface. The rotating motion of the 1 1 crrcu~.ar transportation . facilitation devices 16

1

1

with the surface. The rotating motion of the 1 1 crrcu~.ar transportation . facilitation devices 16
with the surface. The rotating motion of the 1 1 crrcu~.ar transportation . facilitation devices 16

crrcu~.ar transportation

.

facilitation devices 16 means that there is little, if any relative

devices 16 means that there is little, if any relative movement between the surface on which

movement

between

the surface on which

the cart 10 is situated and the part of the circular

which the cart 10 is situated and the part of the circular transportation facilitation device 16
which the cart 10 is situated and the part of the circular transportation facilitation device 16
which the cart 10 is situated and the part of the circular transportation facilitation device 16

transportation

facilitation

device 16 which

is in contact

with

the surface.

facilitation device 16 which is in contact with the surface. 15 The circular transportation facilitation device

15 The circular transportation

facilitation

device

16 clearly

has wide

applicability

in

facilitation device 16 clearly has wide applicability in transport of goods and persons from one point
facilitation device 16 clearly has wide applicability in transport of goods and persons from one point
facilitation device 16 clearly has wide applicability in transport of goods and persons from one point
facilitation device 16 clearly has wide applicability in transport of goods and persons from one point

transport of goods and persons

from one point

to another,

and it is anticipated

that the

from one point to another, and it is anticipated that the as scope of the claims

as

from one point to another, and it is anticipated that the as scope of the claims

scope of the claims defmed hereunder would cover such various

forms

of transport

of the claims defmed hereunder would cover such various forms of transport well as a wide
of the claims defmed hereunder would cover such various forms of transport well as a wide

well as a wide

range of other uses.

of the claims defmed hereunder would cover such various forms of transport well as a wide
of the claims defmed hereunder would cover such various forms of transport well as a wide
of the claims defmed hereunder would cover such various forms of transport well as a wide
  THE CLAIMS OF THE XNVENTION ARE AS FOLLOWS:   1, A transportation facilitation device
  THE CLAIMS OF THE XNVENTION ARE AS FOLLOWS:   1, A transportation facilitation device
  THE CLAIMS OF THE XNVENTION ARE AS FOLLOWS:   1, A transportation facilitation device
 

THE

CLAIMS

OF THE

XNVENTION

ARE AS FOLLOWS:

 

1,

A transportation

facilitation

device including:

-

 

5

a circular rim;

a bearing

in which a hollow cylindrical

member;

the hollow cylindrical

member is rotatable about a rod situated

within

and

10

a series of connecting members connecting

the circular

rim with

the hollow

cylindrical

member

to maintain

the circular

rim

and the hollow

cylindrical

member in substantially fixed relation; wherein

the rod is positioned on an axis perpendicular

to the plane of the circular

rim, and

15

substantially

central of the circular rim.

 
 

2.

A transportation

facilitation

device in accordance with claim

on an outer surface of the circular rim.

1, wherein a rubber

 

layer is provided

20

3.

A transportation facilitation device in accordance with claim 2, wherein the rubber layer includes an inflatable tube.

in accordance with claim 2, wherein the rubber layer includes an inflatable tube. 10533 ,h. !333krogh.
in accordance with claim 2, wherein the rubber layer includes an inflatable tube. 10533 ,h. !333krogh.
in accordance with claim 2, wherein the rubber layer includes an inflatable tube. 10533 ,h. !333krogh.
in accordance with claim 2, wherein the rubber layer includes an inflatable tube. 10533 ,h. !333krogh.
in accordance with claim 2, wherein the rubber layer includes an inflatable tube. 10533 ,h. !333krogh.

10533

,h.

!333krogh.

innova~iomwpci.

5

in accordance with claim 2, wherein the rubber layer includes an inflatable tube. 10533 ,h. !333krogh.
in accordance with claim 2, wherein the rubber layer includes an inflatable tube. 10533 ,h. !333krogh.
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