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COURSE DESCRIPTION

100 Level First Semester Course Code SVY EAG EAG MEG MEG FSC GST GST GST 101 101 103 101 103 105 103 102 105

Course Title History of Surveying Pure Maths. I Applied Maths. I Workshop Practice Technical Drawing I Introductory Physics I Nigerian People & Culture Intr. To Logic and Phylosophy Use of English Total

Lect. Units 1 3 3 0 0 3 2 2 1 15

Lab. Total Units Units 0 1 0 3 0 3 1 1 2 2 0 3 0 2 0 2 0 1 3 18

Second Semester Course Code SVY EAG EAG MEG MEG PHS PHS PHS GST GST 102 102 104 102 104 101 102 103 104 106

Course Title Basic Surveying Pure Maths. II Applied Maths. II Workshop Practice II Technical Drawing II Introductory Physics II Introductory Physics II Lab. (Physics) History & Philosophy of Sci. Use of English II Total

Lect. Units 1 2 2 0 0 2 2 0 2 1 12

Lab. Total Units Units 0 1 0 2 0 2 1 1 2 2 0 2 1 3 2 2 0 2 0 1 6 (18)

200 Level
First Semester Course Code SVY GRY EAG EEG PHS PHS PHS GAS PHS 201 203 203 201 201 219 261 201 207 Course Title Basic Surveying ll Cartography Engineering Maths l Fund of Elect. Engr. l Classical Mechanics l Practical Physics I Geophysics l General African Studies l Optics Total Lect. Units 2 2 2 2 2 0 2 2 1 15 Lab. Total Units Units 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 0 2 1 1 0 2 0 2 1 2 6 21

Second Semester Course Code Course Title

Lect. Lab.

Total

SVY EAG PHS SVY PHS GAS SVY SVY

202 202 208 210 220 202 204 206

History of Surveying Pure Maths. I Computer System Intro. to Astrophysic Photogrammetry l Practical Physics ll Gen. African Studies ll Remote Sensing l Computer Application in Surveying l Total

Units Units Units 1 0 1 3 2 2 0 2 2 1 14 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 6 3 2 2 1 2 3 2 20

300 Level First Semester Course Code SVY SVY ESM SVY SVY SVY PHS 305 307 351 309 311 313 301

Course Title Cadastral Surveying l Spherical and Field Astronomy Applied Town Planning Adjustment Comp. l Hydrographic Surveying Principles of Geo. Information System l Classical Mechanics ll Total Elective Introduction to Swimming l

Lect. Lab. Total Units Units Units 2 1 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 15 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 3 1 3 2 3 3 3 2 18 1

PHE

207

Second Semester Course Code

Course Title

Lect. Lab. Total Units Units Units

SVY SVY SVY SVY SVY SVY SVY

302 306 308 310 312 314 316

Geodetic Surveying Cadastral Surveying ll Geodetic Astronomy Principle of GPS Surveying Computer Application in Surveying ll Principles of Geo. Information System ll Digital Mapping l Total

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 14

1 1 1 1 1 0 0 6

3 3 3 3 2 2 2 20 4

SVY

300

Industrial training 0 4 Plus at least 2 Units of Electives below: (22)

EAG PHE CEG

302 207 304

Operational Methods Introduction to swimming ll Engineering Geology

2 0 2

0 1 1

2 1 3

400 Level
First Semester Course Code Course Title Lect. Lab. Total Units Units Units

Map Projection Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing l SVY 415 Geodesy l SVY 417 Digital Mapping ll EAG 405 Engineering Statistics EAG 403 Numerical Methods in Engineering GEG 401 Tech. Communications Total Plus 5 Units of Electives below SVY 405 Minning & Underground Surveying SVY 409 Potential Theory and Spherical Harmonics SVY 411 Special Surveys

SVY SVY

401 413

2 2 1 2 2 2 2 1 13

1 3 1 0 0 1 0 4

3 2 2 3 1 17

2 2 2

1 0 0

3 2 3

Second Semester SVY 400 Industrial Attachment

8 Units

500 Level First Semester


Course Code Course Title Lect. Lab. Total Units Units Units

SVY SVY SVY SVY

501 505 501 511

Adjustment Comp. ll Survey Laws and Regulations Engineering Economics Project Total

2 2 0 2 0 6

1 2 0 3 4

2 3 10

Plus 7 Units of Electives below: SVY 503 Special Studies in Digital Remote Sensing SVY 509 Geometric Geodesy SVY 517 Photogrammetry

2 2

1 1

3 3

SVY SVY GEG SVY

523 525 503 519

(& Remote Sensing ll) Introduction of Coastal Mapping and management GIS Tools & Applications Surface Water Hydraulics Mathematical Geodesy

2 2 2 2 2

1 1 1 0 0

3 3 3 2 2

Second Semester
Course Code Course Title Lect. Lab. Total Units Units Units

Adjustment Computation lll Prof. Practice and Ethics Project Engineering Law and Management Total Plus at least 9 units of Electives from below: 20 SVY 510 Physical Geodesy SVY 508 Hydrographic Surveying ll SVY 516 Marine Surveying CEG 504 Ground Water Hydrology SVY 504 Special Studies in Analytical and Digital Photogrammetry SVY 513 Satelite Geodesy SVY 515 Applied Geophysics SVY 528 Close-Range Photoprogammetry

SVY SVY SVY GEG

502 506 512 502

2 2 0 2 6 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

1 1 3 0 5 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1

3 3 3 2 11 3 3 2 2 3 3 2 3

DEPARTMENT OF SURVEYING AND GEOINFORMATICS

COURSE DESCRIPTION
SVY 101 HISTORY OF SURVEYING 1 UNIT

General history of Surveying from Greek to the modern era. Definition, principles and uses of Surveying. Fields of study in surveying. Surveying instruments. Units of measurement. Vernier system, construction and use of vernier in surveying instruments. Care of instruments. Practice of Surveying. Qualities of a Surveyor. History of surveying in

Nigeria. Important figures in the history of surveying. National and International Organisations. SVY 102 BASIC SURVEYING I 1 UNIT

Design, adjustment, care and use of surveying instruments including modern levels, theodolites, tachometers. Chain surveying. Chains, Steel bands/tapes, line tapes, surface taping, off-sets, sources of error, accuracy, corrections. Theodolite and compass traversing, computations and adjustment. Principles of leveling, sources of error. Horizontal and vertical staff systems. Tacheometery and telemetery , substance bar and its uses. Preparation of large scale plans, grid leveling, contouring, plan revision. FSC 105 INTRODUCTORY PHYSICS I 3 UNITS

Physical qualities, standards and units, Kinematics: uniform velocity motion, uniform acceleration motion. Dynamics: Newtons law of motion. Newtons universal law of gravitation. Work, energy, conservation laws. Concept of mechanical equilibrium. Center of mass and center of gravity. Moment of a force. Rotational motion, angular momentum and torque. Total mechanical energy, elasticity. Hookes law, Youngs shear and bulk modulus. Hyudrostatics. Pressure. Buoyancy, Archimedes principle. Elements of hydrodynamics. Molecular properties of fluids, viscosity, surface tension, adhesion, cohesion, capillarity, drops and bubbles. Temperature and Zeroth law of thermodynamics. Quantity of heat. Heat transfer. Gas laws. First and second laws of thermodynamics. Application to Kinetic theory of gases.

PHS 101 INTRODUCTORY PHYSICS II

3 UNITS

Geometrical optics: Law of reflection and refraction. Location of images, plane and curved mirrors. Converging and diverging thin lenses. Aberrations. The eye Optical instruments. Simple Harmonic Motion. Waves. Polarization of transverse waves. Atomic structure. Production and properties of X-rays. Radioactivity. Photoelectric emission. Prerequisite: FSC 105 or Credit in O/L Physics. PHS 102 INTRODUCTORY PHYSICS III 3 UNITS

Electrostatics, potential and capacitance dielectrics, production and measurement of static electricity. Current, Ohms law, resistance and resistivity. Heating, Galvanometers, Voltmeters and Ammeters. D.C. circuits, sources of emf and currents. Kirchhoffs law. Electrochemistry. The Earths magnetic field. Magnetic fields and induction. Faradays and Lenzs laws. Forces on a current carrying conductor. Biot Savart law. Flemmings right and left hand rules. Motor and Generator. Prerequisite: FSC 105 or Credit in O/L

Physics.
PHS 103 INTRODUCTORY PRACTICAL PHYSICS 2 UNITS

Simple experiments illustrating the key topics covered in FSC 105, PHS 101 and PHS 102 theoretical course. SVY 201 BASIC SURVEYING II 3 UNITS

Basic principles, use of topographic map method of obtaining field data for topographic surveys. Levelling, barometric heighting. Planning of control surveys. Recce, Selection of stations, Station marking, Description and Recovery. Field procedures and observations, place tabling minor triagnulation, trilateration and traversing. Intersection and resection. Numerical, graphicl and semi-graphical methods. Field completion and detail surveys. Plotting and Reproduction of plans/maps. Prerequisite: SVY 102, SVY 101 PHS 201 CLASSICLA MECHANICS 2 UNITS

Review of coordinate transformation. Particle kinematics and dynamics. Systems of particles, Central orbits Keplerian case. Elementary motion of rigid bodies. Newtonian gravitaion. Conservative forces and potentials. Defects of Newtonian mechanics and the essence of special relativity. Prerequisites: FSC 105 SVY 202 ENGINEERING SURVEYING 3 UNITS

Location and setting out of works, roads, bridges, railways, tunnels, pipelines, building. Setting out of simple, compound and reverse. Volumes, Sectioning, Longitudinal and Cross profiles. Calculation of volumes from contours, spot heights and sections. Curvature correction in earthwork measurements. Prerequisites: SVY 101, SVY 102. SVY 204 REMOTE SENSING I 3 UNITS

General theory of non-contract mapping methods and their advantages. Electromagnetic radiation and interaction with matter. E-M spectrum especially the optical wave/lengths. Types and design of electromagnetic sensors. The photographic camera, radiometers, thermal scanners and multispectral scanners. Sensor platforms. Introduction to digital processing. Elements of photo interpretation. SVY 206 COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN SURVEYING I 2 UNITS History of computers: Classification of computers. Computer configuration. Functions and components of the Central Processing Units (CPU). Types of CPU. Operations systems (DOS, UNIX VMS). File editing and management. Database management systems. Spreadsheet. PHS 207 OPTICS 2 UNITS

Geometrical optics. Image formation and location in both thin and tick lenses. Principal planes, nodal planes, focal planes, Interference, Diffraction and polarization. Masers and Lasers. Holography. Dispersion and Scattering.

PHS 208 INTRODUCTORY ASTROPHYSICS

2 UNITS

Structure origin, evolution of star, galaxies planets etc. Prerequisites: MAT 101, MAT 102

and A/L physics (Attempt).


SVY 210 PHOTOGRAMMETRY 3 UNITS

Definition and general introduction of Photographic principles and optical characteristics. Properties of aerial photography. Elementary mapping from photographs e.g. Radial line and slsotted template methods of producing planimetric maps. Use of the sketchmaster and stereopretts. Preparation of photomosaics. Parallax measurement and heighting procedures. Preparation of thematic maps. PHS 220 PRACTICAL PHYSICS I 1 UNIT

PHS 221 PRACTICAL PHYSICS II PHS 261 GEOPHYSICS I

1 UNIT 3 UNITS

Gravity methods. Newtons gravitation applications. Instruments. Gravimeters. Zerolength spring. Densities. Rocks and Ores. Magnetic Methods. Definitions, concepts. Geomagnetism, Origin, properties of rocks. Gravity and magnetic field survey. Instruments, data processing interoperations. Field work. The earth internal structure and constitution. PHS 301 CLASSICAL MECHANICS 3 UNITS

Degree of freedom. Generalized coordinates, constraints languages formulation of mechanics; applications. The calculus of variations and the principle of least action. Geodesics. Hamiltons format of mechanics, applications. Invariance and conservation laws. Tow-body central force problems. Moving frames of reference. Forced and coupled oscilation. Normal mod3es. Rigid body motion. Prerequisites:

PHS 201.
SVY 302 GEODETIC SURVEYING 3 UNITS

Higher order surveying instruments. Use, Care, accuracy. Control surveys. Design of first and second order control surveys. Triangulation, Trilateration and Traverse Networks. Precise leveling. Level Networks. Sources of Errors. Computation of geodetic coordinates. Adjustment of control networks. Approximate and precise methods. Prerequisites: SVY

201.
SVY 305 CADASTRAL SURVEYING I 3 UNITS

Field and Office methods of property surveys. Principles of subdivision of properties. Physical layout, building lines, utility ones. Origins and corrections. Principles. Cadastral Survey Records. Boundaries, Riparian, Littoral, Inter-State and National. Control Surveys. Location of Sequence Conveyances and reversion rights. Mining claims and Mining Surveys. SVY 306 CADASTRAL SURVEYING II 3 UNITS

Organization and Procedure for Cadastral Surveys. Customary Land system. Interest and Rigids in land. Final Product. Deeds and Title Registration Systems. Registrable Instrument. Deeds Registry. Defects of the Deed Registration Systems. Title Registration Act. And Land Use Act (1978). Comparative Cadastral Systems. Commonwealth, Africa. SVY 307 SPHERICAL AND FIELD ASTRONOMY 3 UNITS

The nature of Universe and The solar System. The Celestial Sphere. Solution of Spherical Triangles. Astronomical Co-ordinate systems. Astronomical Triangle. Time Systems. Star Catalogues and Charts. Use of Star Almanac of Surveyor. Solar and Stellar observations. Astronomical and Instrumental Corrections to observed altitudes and azimuths. Exmeridian altitudes of sun or star, hour angle of Polaris or Octantis, Circumpolar start near elongation. Determination of Longitude. Altitude of East-West Sun or East-West Star. Position Line method. Field Procedures. Instrumentation and computations. Sources of Error and their correction. Prerequisites: PHS 207, PHS 208. SVY 308 GEODETIC ASTRONOMY 3 UNITS

Coordinate systems and their variations. Procession, notation, polar motion and proper motion. Reduction of stars positions. Time systems, sidereal, universal, ephemeris and astronomic. Time conversions and variations. Determination of first and second order astronomic positions and azimuths. Theory, Instrumentation, computation and analysis of results. Reeducation of observations. Geodetic uses of astronomic position. Astrogedetic geoids. Prerequisites: PHS 208 SVY 309 ADJUSTMENT COMPUTATION I 3 UNITS

Review of matrix operations. Theory of Errors least Squares method. Basic and matrix approaches. Derivation of condition equations. Observation equations. Statistical analysis. Application. Prerequisites: EAG 102, EAG 202 SVY 310 PRINCIPLES OF SURVEYING 3 UNITS

Review of Electromagnetic waves, formation, modulation and propagation. Principle of phase comparison. Principles of satellite positioning. Introduction to GPS positioning. Introduction to GPS. The GPS system. Application of GPS, GPS accuracy. The GPS signals. GPS measurement. Navigation message, Electronic information sources. GPS instrumentation. GPS satellite surveying. Modeling GPS observations. Introduction to GPS Processing. Prerequisites: EEG 201.

SVY 311 HYDROGRAPHIC SURVEYING I

3 UNITS

Introduction to Hydrography, Coastal processes Waves, Tides, Tidal Streams, Current including longshore, River and Tidal density. Chart and Sounding datums. Determination of sea Level, and Mean sea level. Tide poles and Tide gauges. Two-dimensional positioning at sea, bathymetry, positioning accuracies. Measurement systems, optical and electronic methods. Sources of Errors. Introduction to satellite navigation and positioning.

SVY 312 COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN SURVEYING II 3 UNITS Preview of Computer Programming Languages. Flow charts. Algorithms. BASIC Language. FORTRAN Language. Development of simple programs and routines for basic surveying operations, traversing, leveling, triangulation,etc. Development of FORTRAN Programs for Least Squares. Solution of Photogrammetic. Geodetic and Hydrographic problems. Object-oriented Programme Language e.g. C**. Prerequisites: SVY 206. SVY 313 PRINCIPLES OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM I

3 UNITS

Definitions and Basic concepts. Elementary Mathematical concepts (graph theory, set theory and topology). Components of a GIS. Field-based and object-based concepts of real world. Spatial Data Models. 2D, 3D and 4D Model. Tessellation Datamodels, Vector Data models, Tesselation versus Vector spatial relationships. Metric, topologic and spatial order. Data quality aspecdt. Positional accuracy, attribute accuracy, logical consistency, completeness and lineage. Prerequisites: SVY 206, EAG 202, EAG 203. SVY 314 PRINCIPLES OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM II

3 UNITS

SEMANTIC DATA MODELLING. Entity relationship and Extended entity relationship modeling. Conventional database structures (relational, network and hierarchic). Object oriented date modeling. Object, classification, generalization/specialization, aggregation, association, inheritance, propagation, encapsulation, persistence, polymorphism and overload. Object-relational data structure. Applications: topographic, cadastral, utility and environmental database. Prerequisites: SVY 206, EAG 202, EAG 203. SVY 316 DIGITAL MAPPING I 3 UNITS

Elementary computer graphics. Digital representation of graphic objects: point, line and polygonal elements. Digital representation of Cartographic Symbols and Name placement. Elementary data structures. Prerequisites: SVY 201, SVY 202, SVY 206. SVY 401 MAP PROJECTIONS 3 UNITS

Historical development of maps. Geometry of the ellipsoid. Gaussian Fundamental quantities. Theory of Distortions. Conic, Cylindrical and Azimuthal projects. Transverse Macerator projection. Universal Transvere Mercator system. Nigerian Modified system. Concept of conformal projection. Use of Caudy-Riemans equations. General theory of projection from ellipsoid to sphere. SVY 405 MINING AND UNDERGROUND SURVEYS 3 UNITS

Definition. Mining and Underground surveying Techniques. Design of underground survey networks. Mine orientation. Mechanical and Optical shaft, plumbing, gyroscopic methods, laser, etc. Accuracies. The Gyrotheodolite, Operation and Accuracy. Sources of Error. Volume determination. Survey of Boreholes. Prerequisites: SVY 301 SVY 409 POTENTIAL THEORY AND SPHERICAL HARMONICS

3 UNITS

Potential Theory. Theory of the Potential gravitational and attractions, rings, annuli, infine plates, and solid bodies. Laplace equations. Harmonic functions. Spherical harmonics (Spheres and Spheroids). Prerequisites: EAG 104 SVY 411 PROJECT SURVEYING AND DESIGN 3 UNITS

Project Design and analysis pre-analysis, design, observation and computation, post analysis: monitoring of dams, high-rise buildings, flooding erosion, desertification, sea level changes. Gravity surveys, geophysical surveys. Design of gravity network observation techniques and instrumentation. Processing of gravity observations. Practical. Prerequisites: SVY 302, EAG 202. SVY 412 TIME SERIES ANALYSIS 3 UNITS

Definition of Time Series Methods of Analysis including Least Squares. Fouriers Transform and Graphing. SVY 413 PHOTOGRAMMETRY AND REMOTE SENSING I

3 UNITS

Review of non-contract mapping methods. Electro-magnetic sensors and their calibration. Data collection and Data recording techniques. Photogrammetric restitution instruments and procedures. Summary of analogue photogrammetric method. Introduction to analsytical photogrammetric methods. Element of digital data processing. Image correction and classification methods. Prerequisites: SVY 204, SVY 210, PHS 207.

SVY 415 INTRODUCTION TO GEODESY

3 UNITS

Fundamentals of Gedoesy. Definitions, aims, scope and developments. Techniques (Classical and Modern). Coordinate System: terrestial and celestial coordinate systems, satellite coordinate system, inertial coordinates. Curvillinear and Cartesian coordinate systems. Three dimensional geodesy, point positioning (Astro and satellsite). Relative positioning, absolute geodetic positioning. Prerequisites: EAG 203. SVY 417 DIGITAL MAPPING II 3 UNITS Raster and Vector graphics. Hardware and Software graphic systems. Coodinate transformation for orthogonal and perspective projections. Data structures for Computer Graphics, 2D graphics, mapping analysis. Prerequisites: SVY 316, SVY 313, SVY 312. SVY 501 ADJUSTMENT COMPUTATIKON II 3 UNITS

Introduction to least estimation. Linear least squares estimation. Non-linear least squares estimation. Matrices; diagonalization. Review of partitioning of matrices. Least squares adjustment techniques. Condition equations. Observation equations, combined method, weight estimations. Applications. Prerequisites: SVY 309, SVY 312. SVY 502 ADJUSTMENT COMPUTATION III 3 UNITS

Generalized least square model. Linear and non-linear models. Solution of Normal Equations. Treatment of large geodetic network. Addition of observations and Parameters. Removal of observations. Application of constraints. Quality control. Statistical analysis. Error ellipse and ellipsoid, internal and external reliability. Applications. Prerequisites: SVY 309, SVY 312 SVY 503 SPECIAL SLTUDIES IN DIGITAL REMOTE SENSING

3 UNITS

Sensors Platforms. Geometry of artificial satellite Orbits. GPS positioning. Fundamentals of Pattern recognition, functions. Pattern classifier concepts. Digital image processing. Preprocessing of RS data, Image enhancement techniques. Image transform. Filtering, Classification Techniques. Prerequisites: SVY 413.

SVY 504 SPECIAL STUDIES IN DIGITAL REMOTE SENSING

3 UNITS

Full procedures of mapping by photogrammetric methods. Project planning/costing of photogrammetry projects. Writing of specification. Analytical and Digital instrumentation. Application of photogrammetry to engineering problems. Special topics. Photogrammetry and Geographic Information System (GIS). Prerequisites: SVY 316, SVY 417.

SVY 505 SURVEY LAWS AND REGULATIONS

3 UNITS

Property Law. Survey Laws and Regulations. CAP 194 and other relevant Survey legislations and decrees including their amendments. Surveys Laws in Mining Surveys. Town Planning etc. The Land Use etc. SVY 506 PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE AND ETHICS 3 UNITS

Professional Practice. Professional Bodies. Code of Ethics. Costing of Cadastral. Topographical. Engineering and Hydrographic Surveys. Costing of Mapping projects. Proposal Writing. SVY 508 HYDROGRAPHIC SURVEYING II 3 UNITS

Sounding wave propagation. Mathews Chart, Vertical Beam, Echo sounder instrumentation, operation, calibration. Acoustic waves. Ports Development and Port Management. Sweeping side looking sonar, Electronic weeping. Elements of Oceanography, tides, temperature, salinity, and dredging and channelisation, pressure measurement, sedimentation. Beach erosion. Modern techniques in Hydrography. Prerequisites: SVY 313. SVY 509 GEOMETRIC GEODESY 3 UNITS

Geometry of an ellipse. Geodetic geocentric and reduced latitudes. Computation of latitudes, space rectangular co-ordinates. Radii of curvature and Gaussian Mean radius, lengths and area on the ellipsoid. Radii of spherical approximations to the ellipsoid. Curves on the ellipsoid, normal section. Geodetic, arc length of normal section. Separations between reciprocal normal section. Special properties of Geodetic. Solution of the direct and inverse problems on the sphere and ellipsoid. Geodetic datum and use of ellipsoid as a reference. Transformation of co-ordinates from one datum to another. Prerequisites: SVY 415.

SVY 510 PHYSICAL GEODESY

3 UNITS

The earth and its gravity field. Potentials, gravity anomalies, geoidal undulation and deflectiosn of the vertical. Geopotential numbers. Height systems: orthometric and normal height systems. The earth, its size and shape, actual shape: approximations (geoid and other figures of the earth). Gravity observations, absolute and relative gravity reductions and gravity anomalies. Prerequisites: SVY 409, 415. SVY 513 SATELLITE GEODESY 3 UNITS

Review of the basic concepts. Positioning methods, dynamic and geometric observation equation. Error models. TRANSIT and NAVSTAR GIPS systems. Integration of satellite data with other geodetic network data. Other applications. Prerequisites: SVY 415 SVY 515 APPLIED GEOPHYSICS 3 UNITS

Field observation, evaluation and analysis of Geophysical data as applicable in seismology, gravimetry electrical methods, IP resistively and magnetism. Prerequisites: PHS 261, EEG

201.
SVY 516 MARINE SURVEYING 3 UNITS

Coastal Engineering situation and erosion. Coastal zone management. Improvement and rectification of channels and fairways. Channel marking. Surveys relating to the demarcation of harbour limits. Laws relating to shipping and harbours. Position fixing, large scale surveys. Effects of wind and wave on sea bed. Oceanographic equipments. Tidal current measurement on the continental shelf. Prerequisities: SVY 311. SVY 517 PHOTOGRAMMERTRY AND REMOTE SENSING II

3 UNITS

Special method in Remote Sensing production of DTM from Satellite imageries, Production of small scale maps. Special applications RS methods. Terrestial photogrammetric methods and their application. Unity of Rs and photogrammetric methods. Applications in route surveying. Prerequisites: SVY 413, SVY 417.

SVY 519 MATHEMATICAL GEODESY

3 UNITS

Mathematical techniques in geodesy; least squares predication, approximations, vector analysis, matrix operations, special functions spherical harmonics, Fourier and Integral Transforms. Prerequisites: SVY 415, EAG 401. SVY 523 INTRODUCTION TO COASTAL MANAGEMENT 2 UNITS Basic concepts, coasts, coastlines, beaches; beach barriers and dunes, beach evolution, beach erosion, measurement and computation. Activities on the coastal area fishing construction works, dredging, oil exploration and exploitation etc. Planning for development on the cost. Impacts of development activities on the coast response measures. Basic concepts of environmental impact assessment. Impact of natural processes on the coast. SVY 525 GIS TOOLS AND APPLICATION 3 UNITS

GIS Subsystem; data collection and input. Data storage and retrieval. Data manipulation and analysis, visualization and reporting. Structured Query Languages (SQL). Database Management Systems (DBS). Types and functions. Review of some existing H GIS software. Database Design steps and implementation. Specific study of a topic under one of the following three areas: (student is required to submit a term paper on the chosen topic e.g): Topographic Information System Cadastral Information System Environmental Information System. For the chosen area, the study must focus on concept, design consideration (factor and design phase), data requirements and modeling, and selection of implementation hardware and software. Prerequisites: SVY 302, SVY 413, SVY 303. SVY 528 CLOSE-RANGE PHOTOGRAPHMETRY 3 UNITS

Close-range cameras and other acquisition systems, such as electron microscope and X-ray equipment. Calibration of close-range acquisition system. Examples of applications in biometrics, engineering, architecture and traffic accident. Prerequisites: SVY 210, SVY 413.
PROGRAMME STRUCTURE

MASTER OF SCIENCE
General Courses

SVY 801 Adv. Applied Mathematical Methods I 3 SVY 823 Data Acquisition Systems I 2 SVY 824 Data Acquisition Systems II 2 SVY 822 Adv. Concepts in Geoinformatics 2 SVY 818 Spatial Data Structures 3 SVY 870 M.5c Research Project 4

Specialisation Courses Candidates will specialise in any of the following areas: Geodesy SVY 803 Adv. Geometric Geodesy I SVY 804 Adv. Physical Geodesy I Photogrammetry SVY 821 Adv. Photogrammetry I 3 SVY 816 Special Topics in Photogrammetry I Remote Sensing

SVY 809 Adv. Remote Sensing I SVY 808 dv. Remote Sensing II

3 3

Hydrographic Surveying SVY 811 Adv. Hydrographic Surveying I 3 SVY 810 Adv. Hydrographic Surveying II 3 Geoinformatics SVY 813 Adv. Land Information Management I 3 SVY 820 GIS Implementation Strategies 3

MASTER OF PHILOSOPHY

General Courses
SVY 908 Adv. Applied Maths. Methods II 3 SVY 941 Research Seminar I 3

Specialization Courses Geodesy SVY 903 Advanced Physical Geodesy II 3 SVY 904 Adv. Geometric Geodesy II 3
Photogrammeby SVY 905 Advanced Photogrammetry II 3 SVY 914 Special Topics in .Photogrammetry II 3 Remote Sensing SVY 906 Adv. Remote Sensing III 3 SVY 907 Selected Topics in Remote Sensing 3 Geoinfonnatics SVY 916 Adv. land Information Management II SVY 913 Special Topics in Geoinformatics I 3 Hydrographic Surveying SVY 901 Marine Geodesy I 3 SVY 909 Marine Geodesy II 3

Ph.D SVY 952 Research Seminar II 3 SVY 953 Research Seminar III 3

ELECTIVE COURSES M.Sc. (Eled:ives)

MSc (5 Units must be chosen for all specialisation)


EAG 800 EAG 801 EAG 802 EAG 803 EAG 813 SVY 805 SVY 806 SVY 807 SVY 809 SVY 812 SVY 814 Numerical Methods in Eng. I 2 Mumenca\ Methods \0 Eng. II 3 Methods of Applied Mathematical I 2 Methods of Applied Mathematics II 3 Systems Identification: Optin. & Control 3 Adv. Geodetic Astronomy 3 Adv. Aerial Triangulation 3 Adv. Computational Photogrammetry 3 Adv. Remote Sensing I 3 Applied Geophysics 2 Adv. Geodetic Surveying 3

SVY 815

Special Topics in Remote Sensing 3 SVY 819Coastal Management 3 SVY 820GIS Implementation Strategies 2

M.Phil (Electives) SVY 901 SVY 902 Marine Geodesy I Adv. Satellite Geodesy 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

SVY 903
SVY 904

Adv. Physical Geodesy II


Adv. Geometric Geodesy I

SVY 905 Adv. Photogrammetry II SVY 906 Adv. Remote Sensing III SVY 907 Selected Topics in Remote Sensing SVY 909 Marine Geodesy II SVY 911 Advanced Topics in Geoinformatics SVY 912 Special Topics in Geoinformatics II SVY 913 Special Topics In Geoinformatics I SVY914 Special Topics In Photogrammetry II SVY 916 Adv. Land Information Management II SVY 941 Research Seminar I SVY 952 Research Seminar II SVY 953 Research Seminar III MASTER OF GEOI FORMATICS 1st Semester SVY 871: SVY 873: SVY 877: SVY SVY SVY 881: 883: 885: Principles of GIS Data Acquistion Systems I Elements of Computing and Computer graphics Data Acquistion Systems II Spatial Data Structures Spatial Statistics I

2 2 2 2 3 2

2nd Semester SVY SVY SVY SVY SVY SVY SVY 872: 874: 876: 878: 886: 890: 892:

Data Quality
Policy Issues in GIS implementation GIS implementation strategies and Procedure Applications of GIS Spatial Statistics II Digital Cartography Data Acquisition Systems III

2 2 2 3 2 2 2

Electives SVY 875: Digital Image Processing in RS 3 SVY 879: Analytical/Digital Photogrammetry 3 SVY 880: Knowledge-based Systems2 SVY 882: System Integration in Surveying3 SVY 884: Guided Studies in GIS3 SVY 888: : Digital Surveying 2 SVY 889: Fundamentals of' Environmental Management 3 SVY 890: Digital Cartography 3 SVY 894: Project4

Project

Candidates will be involved in a project (4 units) on a chosen application area related to their individual professional objectives. DESCRIPTIO OF COURSES

M.Sc.
SVY 801 ADVA CED APPLIED MATHEMATICAL METHODS I 3 U ITS Review of matrix algebra; solution of systems of linear equations: direct and indirect methods. Observation Equations; Condition Equations and Mixed models. Treatment of large geodetic networks and special network. Addition of observations and parameters; Weight and Functional Constraints in Least Squares. Application in Photogrammetry and Surveying.
Univariate Statistics: Statistical distributions, interval estimations and hypothesis testing. Multivariate statistics: hypothesis testing, classification, surface modelling and spatial interpolation; spatial analysis.

SVY803 ADVANCED GEOMETRIC GEODESY I 3 UNITS Review of the properties of the ellipsoid. Curves on the surface of the ellipsoid. Solution of the direct and inverse problems on the ellipsoid. Astrogeodetic deflections of the vertical and the Laplace Equation. Reduction of observations to the ellipsoid. Observation equations for Triangulation, Traverse and Trilateration Computations on the ellipsoid. Best fitting and General Terrestrial Ellipsoids. Datum definition and determination. Datum Transformation. Geometric Methods of Satellite Geodesy. SVY 804 ADVANCED PHYSICAL GEODESY I 3 UNITS The earth's external gravity field and the figure of the earth. The boundary value problem of physical geodesy. The problem of the geoid, regularized and actual geoid. Reduction to the geoid. Direct determination of the physical surface of the earth. Astrogeodetic, gravimetric and astrogravimetric methods of geoid determination. Methods of satellite geodesy. Gravity field estimates: Least squares and least squares collocation approaches.
587

SVY 80S ADVA CED GEODETIC ASTRO OMY 3 U ITS Time in Geodetic Astronomy; Star Coordinate Systems and their Motion. Apparent Places of Fundamental Stars. FK4 Sup and other Star Catalogues. Use of Star Catalogues; Observation Procedures. Time Keeping, Use of the Chronograph, Use of WILD T4 and Kern DKM3A Theodolites. Small Corrections to Observed and Deduced Quantities in Geodetic Astronomy. Determination of Geodetic Azimuth in Geodetic Astronomy. (i) Blacks Method (ii) Other Methods
Use of gyrotheodolites in Geodetic Astronomy, Least Squares Adjustment of Field Determinations. Latitude and Longitude by Position lines in Geodetic Astronomy Geoid Sections Instrumentation in Geodetic Astronomy. Use and Calibration of Instruments. Polar Motion and the Cl0; Seasonal Variation Polar Motion Service. Mean Star Places and Annual Abbreviation.

SVY 806 ADV. AERIAL TRIA GULATIO 3 U ITS Radial line Triangulation. Aeropolygon, Aerolevelling, Independent Model Triangulation, Perspective Centre Determinations, Strip or Block Formation. Graphical, Polynomial and nonPolynomial Strip or Block Adjustment. Use of Auxiliary Data. Planning of Aerotriangulation Projects.

SVY 807 ADV. COMPUTATIO AL PHOTOGRAMMETRY . 3 U ITS


. Collinearity

Concept and Collinearity Equations, Corrections of Systematic Errors, Analytical

Relative Orientation, Analytical Approach to Independent Models, Weight Constraints in Photogrammetry, Bundle Adjustment, Self, Calibrating Adjustment system. SVY 809 ADVANCED REMOTE SENSING I 3 U ITS Electromagnetic energy, electromagnetic spectrum, remote sensors, aircraft and space craft remote sensing systems. Landsat satellite system Data. Atmospheric errors in remotely sensed data. Reflection, Spectral characteristics of objects; vegetation, soil, water. Analysis of data: qualitative and quantitative.
SVY 808ADVA CEDREMOTESE SI GII 3 U ITS Statistical properties of digital data. Pattern recognition. Digital image classification supervised and un-supervised methods. Mathematical algorithms for image classification cluster analysis, maximum likelihood, separating hyperplanes. Cartographic accuracy of digital satellite imagery. Comparison of Landsat and Spot Satellites Digital image rectifi5=ation. Computer supported production of thematic maps.

SVY 810 ADVANCED HYDROGRAPHIC SURVEYING II 3 U ITS Survey Management and Project Planning, including Tendering and Contracting Procedures, Elements of Sedimentary Processes. Quality Control & analysis of positioning methods, Control for dredging & reclamation, Conservancy law reports, visual and radar navigation systems, sand mining and required regulations. Analyses, Planning and Execution of Project. Dynamic Oceanography, Coastal Oceanography, Air Ocean Fluid Dynamics. Quality control in bathymetry. SVY 811 ADV. HYDROGRAPHIC SURVEYING I 3 UNITS TIde and TIdal Currents; their Measurement and Interpretation. Principle of Harmonic Analysis and Prediction of Tides. Tidal Datum Planes, Graphical Analysis. Characteristics of Tides in Bays, Current Meters, and Amphidromic Systems. Oceanographic Sounding and Positioning a Float Hydrographic Measurements, Automation and Programming, Data Analysis. Law of the Sea. Revision of Geodetic Principle for Control Establishment, Vertical Control Observations and

Computations necessary to Establish TIdal Datum. Shore Line Mapping by ground survey and phdtogrammetric methods. Appreciation of the limitations of nautical chart.
SVY812APPLIEDGEOPHYSICS 2 UNITS Potential Theory and its applications in geophysics. The earth's gravity field, its representation, measurement and evaluation. Geodetic measurements and computations involving gravity information. Computer Programming. Field observations, evaluation and analysis of Geophysical data as applied in seismology, gravimetry, electrical methods (resistivity and magnetism),

SVY 813 ADV.lAND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT I 3 UNITS Concept of a multipurpose cadastre; cadastral database design and implementation. Integrated Surveys. Digital Mapping, Land Tenure Systems, Land Registration, Principles of Land Administration and Economy. Building of Cadastral Information System: GIS Application in Environmental management. SVY 814 ADVANCED GEODETIC SURVEYING 3 UNITS Definition of geodetic datum; Introduction, coordinate systems, datum shift and orientation, Laplace equation. Design and computation of geodetic networks. Three dimensional network. Deformation analysis. Statistical analysis of a geodetic network (the homogeneity problem) Direct and Inverse geodetic problems. Gravity networks. Specialized geodetic techniques, -inertial surveying. Long baseline interferometry, G.P.S. System.
SVY 815 SPECIAL TOPICS IN REMOTE SENSING 3 UNITS

Land use/Land cover classification algorithms, design of remote sensing data acquisition, data reduction and data processing instruments and techniques, cartographic presentation and accuracy of remote sensing data.
SVY 816 SPECIAL TOPICS IN PHOTOGRAMMETRY I 3 UNITS , Scanners, digitarcameras, features extraction, automated digital terrain modelling (DTM), digital aerotriangulation, digital orthophoto, digital photo workstation, and digital photogrammetry applications including: (i) image scanning and digital cameras (ii) digital aerial triangulation, including orientation of digital photogrammetric images (iii) digital terrain model (ii) digital orthophoto (v) plotting in mono and stereo (vi) digital photogrammetric workstation.plotting in mono and stereo

3 UNITS Data modelling: definition, purpose, components, methodology, raster and vector data models. Raster and quad tree data structures. Spatial relationships, emergence of database technology, different views of the database, architecture. Database design: relational, network, hierarchical and binary relationship models. Database query and manipulation. Distribut_d,databases. Arc-node topology, using a database linking spatial and attribute information. Producing maps. GIS functionality: pointand line-in-polygon, buffering, overlays. Implementation details and exercises using PC Arc/Info aQd Oracle.

SVY 818 SPATIAL DATA STRUCTURES

SVY819 COASTAL MANAGEMENT 3 UNITS Introduction - Definition; Coasts, coastline, the Nigerian Coast; the dynamics of the Nigerian Coast - tides, waves, geology, geomorphology, topography, presence ofcanyons subsidence, global/relative sea level rise extreme sea level etc. Sedimentary coastal dynamic. Sea level "changes along the West Africa Coast, specific studies of some beaches along the coastal areas -;of West Africa/ Nigeria. Human Activities and their impacts on the Nigerian coast. Design of a Coastal Management programme for Nigeria: data requirements; legal and management needs; ci'nd monitoring and enforcement. Application of GIS in Coastal Management. Environmental Impact assessment of development activities on the Nigerian coast. SVY 820 GIS IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES 3 UNn5 User needs definition and GIS product requirements, requirement analysis and feasibilrty evaluation, developing a workable solution and implementation plan, system implementation, system design, database design, system installation, training and support, system testing, documentation. SVY 821 ADV. PHOTOGRAMMETRY I 3 UNn5 Collinearity Concept and Collinearity Equation, Correction of Systematric Errors, Analytical Relative Orientation, Analytical approach to Independent Models, Weight constraints in Photogrammetry, Bundle Adjustment, Self-calibrating Adjustment system. Least squares methods in the adjustment of large aerotriangulation blocks; first and second order partitioned regression (course is strictly computer oriented). SVY 822 ADVANCED CONCEPTS IN GEOINFORMATICS 2 UNITS Relational Database Design: Normalization and implementation; Object - oriented Database Design and Implementatiol;l; Building of Topographic Information System; topographic database, data
requirements, design steps and implementation.

SVY823

DATA ACQUISION SYSTEMS I

2 UNITS

Definitions: electromagnetic radiation, transmission absorption and reflection, types of sensing

devices and platforms. Digital techniques for enhancement, transformation, filtering, classification geometric correction, masking and feature extraction. Integration with other data sources. Applications in Environmental and Physical sciences. Implementation details and exercises. Introduction to aerial photographs. Analytical treatment of photographic measurements, introduction to digital photogrammetry, principles of photogrammetric mapping. SVY824 DATA ACQUISmON SYSTEMS II 2U n5 Basic concepts of positioning, positioning on dynamic su'rface, control establishment, electronic surveying, GPS PQsition determination, basics of topographic mapping, mathematical map projections. SVY 870 M.SC. RESEARCH PROJECT 4U IlS Each candidate will be assigned a supervisor who will help him in the choice of a research topic. While working independently he should seek his supervisor's guidance throughout the project. Three copies of research project report, prepared and bound according to prescribed format, must be submitted.

EAG 800 UMERICAL METHODS I E GI EERI G 2 U ITS Methods for obtaining numerical solutions to problems arising in Engineering. Linear and nonlinear mechanical systems. Ordinary and partial differential equations, initial-value and extreme value problems. EAG 801 UMERICAL METHODS I E GI EERI G II 3 U ITS Calculus of variations. Numerical Linear Algebra. Applications to vibrations, diffusion, heat transfer, wave propagation, membranes, plates, fluid flow and celestial mechanics, simulation of dynamical systems. Analog computation. EAG 802 METHODS OF APPUED MATHEMATICS I 3 U ITS Ordinary differential equations; series; orthogonal functions; 'strum-Louville theory functions of several vector fields and integral theorems; matrix theorY. EAG 803 METHODS OF APPUED MATHEMATICS II 3 U ITS Partial Differential Equation G_een's functions; Fourier and Laplace transforms; complex variables
tensor analysis applications.
.

EAG 813 SYSTEM IDE TIFICATIO , OPTIMIZATIO A D CO TROL 3 U ITS Numerical techniques for estimation/identification in static and dynamic models. Empirical dynamic models. Empirical dynamic models for linear sampled data systems with stochastic inputs. The kalman Filter, its extensions and stochastic approximations. Classical and model optimization Methods. Mathematical programming search techniques: Linear, non-linear and dynamic models. Optimal control for discrete and continuous time . systems with equality and inequality constraints.
M.Phil.
SVY 901 MARI Perturbation of the Earth's gravity and Magnetic Fields and Seismicity, Instrumentation, Data Gathering and Analysis of Data including Gravity, Magnetic and Seismic Reflection Refraction at Sea Corrections and Assumptions Leading to Analysis. Sources of Noise at Sea. Mapping and Charting the sea floor. Revision of Geodetic principles and theories. Relationship between Marine Geodesy and Oceanographic Measurements. World Mean Sea Level Programme. Under Water Acoustic Positioning (Principles and Applications)
I

E GEODESY I Marine Geophysics. Origin and

3 U ITS

Shore Base Electronic Positioning System Airborne DME Systems for Marine Geodesy.

SVY902ADV.SATELUTEGEODESY 3U IlS Precise determination of the satellite orbit, coordinate of tracking stations. Solution of

geodetic boundary value problem by satellite techniques. Gravity field estimation. Equations of motion (linear and non-linear). The variational approach. Orbital perturbation, reference frames. Satellite radiometry: principles, observation and instrumentation. Satellite altimetry principles and observation. Global Positioning System (GPS) SVY903ADV.PHYSICALGEODESYII 3UNTIS Review of boundary value problem of physical geodesy. Derivation of integra-differential equations in gecX1esy. Methods of numerical integration. Methods of gravity field

estimation in physical geodesy. Stochastic interpretation. Advanced least squares collocation. Covariance functions, Structure and dynamics of the earth's body. Geophysical inverse problem Isostatic earth model. Data processing. SVY904 ADV.GEOMETRICGEODESYII 3U TIS Review of observation equations for geodetic network computations on the ellipsoid. Iterative and Non-iterative solution for long geodesics, Transformation of geodetic data between reference datums. Effects of changes in datum parameters on geodetic coordinates. Projective and Development method transformation formulae and methods. Determination of Ellipsoidal Parameters and Geodetic Datums. Fundamentals of threedimensional geodesy. Use of three dimensional adjustment procedure in Horizontal Networks. Vector applications in Geometric Geodesy.
SVY90S ADV. PH pTOG RAM M ETRY II 3U TIS

Dynamic Aerial Calibration, Close Range Calibration, Classification of Aerotriangulation Methods, Simultaneous Adjustment of Photogrammetric and Geodetic Observation (SAPGO) Problem of Additional parameters, Applications of Least Squares Collocation Techniques to Aerial Triangulation.

SVY 906 ADV. REMOTE SE SI G III 3 U TIS Design and operation of the Landsat multispectral imaging system; Principle of the return beam vidicon: its weaknesses. Radiometric and geometric errors in the Landsat digital multispectral remote sensing system sources and correction. Frequency histograms and lookup-tables; their design and importance. Digital enhancement techniques: stretching and filtering mathematics and procedure for improving interpretability of multispectral data false colour, simulated natural colour ratios and hybrids. Digitization and hard-copy production, instrumentation and procedures. Exploration, Inventory and Exploitation of earths natural resources roles on the microwave regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Subsurface capability direct measurements and inference methods. SVY 907 SELECTED TOPICS I REMOTE SE SI G 3 U TIS Application of Remote Sensing in Pop mapping ,Resource mapping, selected advanced topics in methods of presentation of remote sensing data. The course will include lectures and student preparation and presentation of a major review paper for evaluation. SVY908 ADV.APPUED MATHS METHODS II 3U TIS Survey of Mathematical Models in Least Squares, Multivariate Statistical Techniques in (post) Least Squares: Data Analysis, Inner Adjustment: Least Squares Collocation; Kalman Filter and Least Squares; Generalised Matrices in Least Squares."
SVY 909 MARI E GEODESY II 3 U ITS Satellite Navigation and Positioning Systems. Have Transmission at Sea Various Collections; Geo-acoustic Model of the Ocean Floor and Methods for Predicting Acoustic Bottom Principle of Upwelling Interms of Ekman drift Location of Upwelling Regions Discuss Concepts of Dynamic Height and Geopotential Surface, from T-S Diagram to boroclinic Geotrophic current. Horizontal and Vertical Temperature, Salinity and Density Structure iR the Major Oceans as a Function of time. Fundamental Process which control their Distribution.

SVY 911 ADVANCED TOPICS IN GEOINFORMATICS 3 U ITS Fuzzy sub-set theory, object with uncertain boundaries; Representation of quality parameters in GIS, Data consistency; object dynamic: geometric, topologic and thematic changes; Database Updating: identification of changed data, update

propagation, handing of obsolete data. Rulebased generalization, multi-level representation of spatial data, generalization versus multiscale representation; visualization of spatial data.

SVY912 SPECIAL IN TOPICS GEOINFORMATICS II 3 UNITS Graph theory and simplicial complexes; Review of spatial data models: field/ object approach to spatial modelling, tessellation and vector data models; Semantic modelling: classification, generalization, aggregation, association; spatial relationship: metric, topologic and spatial order; Database structures; relational, network, hierarchic and objectoriented/object relational; spatro-temporal data modelling. SVY913 SPECIAL TOPICSI GEOI FORMATICS I 3 UNITS
Case studies in Land Information system (LIS) Design and Implementation of Environmental

Information System (EIS). Institutional and Economics issues in EIS; SVY914 SPECIAL TOPICS IN PHOTOGRAMMETRYII 3 UNITS Research topics in GIS/LIS, Digital Aerotriangulation, Automatic DTM photo. SVY 916 ADV. LA D I FORMATIO MA AGEME T II 3 U ITS Components of a Land information system (LIS), problems in developed countries, survey of land information systems: hardware and software; data structures for LIS database; economies of LIS, institutional issues, management issues, applications of LIS. SVY 941 RESEARCH SEMI AR I 3 U ITS The course is designed for M.Phil Candidates, who will be required to make two seminar presentations. Importance will be attached to literature review as well as derivation and/or development of relevant mathematical models and procedures. A report, in the form of a well written paper, must be submitted.
3 U ITS SVY 952 RESEARCH SEMI AR II This course is designed for Ph.D candidates. In addition to all the requirements of Research Seminar I, originality of the research and its contribution to knowledge will be emphasized.

SVY 953 RESEARCH SEMI AR III 3 U ITS The requirements of this course, designed for Ph.D candidates are same as for Research Seminar II.
MASTER OF GEOI FORMATICS

SVY 871- PRI CIPLES OF GIS 2U n5 Definitions, historical development, relationship to other disciplines and to technology. The concepts of spatial data. An overview of GIS functionality. Basics of computer graphics, and associated computer graphs, input peripherals. Basic issues in data storage, vector and raster data structures. Design issues, communication and GIS products.
SVY 872 DATA QUAUTY

2UNn5

Concepts of data quality, categories of data quality: positional accuracy, topologic and Logical consistency, lineage, etc.; Fuzzy set theory; Management of data quality in GIS.

SVY 873 -

DATA ACQUISmON SYSTEMS I

2 UNITS

Definitions, electromagnetic radiation, transmission absorption and reflection, types of

sensing, devices and platforms. Digital techniques for enhancement, transformation, filtering, classification geometric correction, masking anq feature extraction, Integration with other data sources. Applications in the Environmental and Physical sciences. Implementation details and exercises. Introduction to Aerial photographs, Analytical treatment of photographic measurements, introduction to Digital Photogrammetry; principles of Photogrammetric mapping.
SVY 874 POUCYIS$UESI GISIMPLEME TATIO 2U n5

Government Responses: National mapping agencies (Federal Survey of Nigeria FSN), national initiatives (The Various committee reports), national data bases (censuses, FEPA, Oil companies), educational initiatives (Manpowe.r
Issues: Information Technology and organizational change; technical and social issues: usercentered design, prototyping piloting, Economic evaluation of GIS, cost benefit analysis, the use and value of geographic information. Impacts of GIS on
training). Legal issues, access to data, cost. Organizational

management and labour practices. DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSI G (DIP) I REMOTE SE SI G 3 U ITS SVY 875 Development of Digital image, and digital representation, Elements of visual perception, uniform and non-uniform sampling and quantization, pixel and their relationship in an imagery, Basic Imagery Geometry Multispectral pixels, Mathematical Concept of DIP and DIP software, Principle of Image Display Histogram, Multispectral Image Processing, Spatial frequency, Hypercube classification, computer knowledge in DIP, Image Loading and Display, Image Pre-processiiig, Filtering, Geometric Corrections, Colour Transformation, Digital Image Classification.
SVY 876 -

GIS IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES AND PROCEDURE 2U ITS User needs definition and GIS product requirements, requirement analysis and feasibility evaluation, developing a workable solution and Implementation plan, system implementation, system design, database design, system installation, training and support, system testing, documentation. SVY 877 ELEMENTS OF COMPUTING AND COMPUTER GRAPHICS 2UNn5

Operating Systems, directory structures, system editor. Introduction to local word processing and graphics packages. Accessing output devices. An introduction to the principles of computer programming. The major language constructs of the C programming Language, and their use in GIS applications. Program design. Implementation and exercises using Turbo C.

594

APPUCATIO OF GIS 3 UNITS This section of the course considers various issues in the application of GIS, which divide into three: general issues, socio-economic applications, and environmental applications. However, since GIS is by its nature inter-disciplinary, it is anticipated that candidates should find material relevant to their specific interests in many different applications areas. This will be in addition to the topics of general interest to be covered in class such as map production, GIS operations: map generalization, buffer generation, overlay, multiple map attributes, introduction to modelling.
SVY 879 A ALYTICAL/DIGITAL PHOTOGRAMMETRY 3 U ITS

SVY 878 -

Scanners, digital cameras, feature extraction, Automated Digital Terrain Modelling (DTM), Digital aerotriangulation, Digital Orthophoto, Digital Photo Workstation and Digital

Photogrammetry applications including: ' i. Image Scanning and Digital Cameras ii Digital Aerial Triangulation, including orientation of digital photogrammetric images iii Digital Terrain Model
iv Digital Orthophoto

v vi

Plotting in mono and stereo Digital Photogrammetric Workstation


TO KNOV\Q..EDGE-BASED SYSTEMS A D

SVY 880 I TRODUCTIO ARTIFICIAL 2 U ITS I TELIGE CE

Introduction to expert systems and Artificial Intelligence. Knowledge engineering, encoded knowledge, rule bases, forward and backward chaining. Applications in planning, environmental science and remote sensing. Links between database structures and knowledge-bases. Implementation and exercising using Prolong.
SVY881DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEM II 2 UNITS Basic concepts of positioning, Positioning on a dynamic surface, Control establishment, Electronic surveying, GPS position determination, Basics of Topographic mapping, Mathematical Map Projections. SVY 882 SYSTEM INTEGRAlION IN SURVEYING 2 UNITS Integration of remote sensing systems and GIS, integration of a digital photogrammetric workstation and GIS, integration of global positioning system with GIS etc. Advantages of integrated operations, development of knowledge systems, applications of integrated systems.

SVY 883 SPATIAL DATA STRUCTURES 3 UNITS Data modelling: definition, purpose, components, methodology, raster and vector data models. Raster and quad tree data structures. Spatial relationships, Emergence of' database technology, different views of the database, architecture. Database design: relational, network, hierarchical and binary relationship models. Database query and manipulation. Distributed databases. Arc-node topology, using a database linking spatial and attribute information. Producing maps. GIS functionality: Point- and line-in-polygon, buffering, overlays. Implementation details and exercises using pc Arc/info and Oracle.

SVY 884 - GUIDED STUDIES I GIS 3 U ITS Students will be required to choose any topic of special interest to them and to make deep study of such topic for presentation in form of seminars. The following provide a guide for identification and selection of topics of interest.
SVY 885 - SPATIAL STATISTICS I 2 UNITS Descriptive statistics and graphics. Correlation and regression. Classification and analysis of interdependence. Spatial interpolation. Analysis of spatial pattern. Graphic representation of spatial distribution. Experimental design. The methods of least squares and error analysis Contouring and interpolation methods. Surface modelling.

SVY 886 SPATIAL STATISTICS II 2 UNITS Advanced statistical analysis and graphics. Surface Modelling. The methods of Least squares and error analysis. Basic concepts of .system modelling. Contouring, interposition methods, kriging, and co-kriging. Visualization methods and imaging. Applications in environmental science. SVY 888 DIGITAL SURVEYI G 2 UNITS Digital Tachometry, Digital levelling, (trigonometrical, spirit levelling), Digital theodolite, traverses, use of electronic field book, GPS, Inertial surveying. SVY 889- FU DAME TAL OF E VIRO ME TAL MA AGEME T 3 U ITS

The Nigerian Environmental Problems: Erosion, desertification, flooding, deforestation, sedimentation! pollution from agric. activities! gas flaring and other national and human induce}:! impacts. Globai environmental issues: climate change including greenhouse gases and ozone depletion, sea level rise and the impacts etc. Regional environmental problems such as fish depletion, erosion and subsidence. Management strategies: Data Collection, processing, monitoring, laws and regulations, integrated management and environmental impact assessment.
SVY 890 DIGITAL CARTOGRAPHY 3 UNITS Definitions and Methods of attributes mapping, introduction to facilities mapping strategies and methods, storage and retrieval of attributes, collection and representation of data with uncertain boundaries. SVY 892 - DATA ACQUISITIO III 2UN_ Digitizing and scanning. Editing and topological checking. Coordinate systems, map projections and transformations. Vector-to-raster and raster-to-vector conversion, interfaces between GIS systems. Implementation and exercises using computer mapping software. Integration of Remote sensing, Photogrammetry, Surveying and Cartography Data for GIS. SVY 894 PROJECT 4Units

GEOI FORMATICS APPLICATIO S

SOCIO-ECONOMIC APPLICATIONS

1. Information Systems for Urban and Regional Planning Planning systems in different countries, changing information requirements. Contemporary uses of information in planning: development control, local planning, strategic planning. Information for monitoring, policy, evaluation, forecasting. Examples of GIS in local government.

2. Information Systems for Retailing and Marketing Information requirements for retail and market analysis: basic data sources, data manipulation, high and low technology solutions. Geodemographics. Private sector development, Developments in modelling approaches. 3. Housing and Planning in Third World Countries. The production of, and access to, housing, the nature of planning systems and the role of the state in addressing urban problems in third world cities. Information requirementsto assess urban problems, techniques for acquiring such information, and methods, for identifying and evaluating policy options in a third world urban context. 4. Cadastral Applications The nature and purpose of' land information systems (LIS);.data requirements, data sources, organizational ramifications. 'Fixed' and 'general' boundarY strategies, temporal change, LIS and modell!ng Case Studies.

E VIRO ME TAL APPLICATIO S

1. 'I'hree-Dimensional GIS Methods of display of 3-D data; conceptual models, theory and principles of 3-D GIS. Statistical methods: contouring! interpolation methods, kriging and co-kriging.

Visualization methods an imaging. Applications in environmental science.


2. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

EIA as a systematic management tool within the technical planning and decision making process.
Procedures and methodologies for identifying, predicting and evaluating the environmental effects of large scale and complex actions. GIS support in EIA.

3.

Soil and Land Evaluation Systems

Land Evaluation Information Systems (LEIS) and Soil Information Systems (SIS): land capability and rating analysis, land systems analysis and land suitability concepts. Parameterisation. The application of GIS concepts in LEIS and SIS. Case studies in agricultural planning, forestry and soil erosion. Resources Evaluation and Planning in Developing Countries. The nature of problems of environmental maintenance and resource exploitation 4.

facing contemporary Third World countries; demands on resources such as water, energy and land, sustainable development. Technical appraisal methods, the role of GIS. Case studies. C.
GEOI FORMATICS APPLICATIO : POLICY A D GE ERAL ISSUES

1. Government Role and Responses National mapping agencies (Federal Survey of Nigeria FSN), national initiative (The various committee reports), national data bases (censuses, FFPA, Oil companies),educational initiatives (Manpower training). Legal issues, access to data ownership rights. 2. Organizational Issues. GIS, 'Information Technology and organizational change: technical and social issues, usercentered design, prototyping piloting, Economic evaluation of GIS, cost -benefit analysis, the use and value of geographical information. Impacts of' GIS on management and labour practices. GEOI FORMATICS RESEARCH ISSUES: The accuracy of spatial databases, the nature of error, error propagation. Fractals. Expert Systetems, Spatial decision Support Systems. 4 dimensional GIS. A$peds of desist: visualization, colour theory, experimental approaches to cartographic design. Map production, GIS operations: map generalization, buffer generation, overlays overlays of multiple map attributes, introduction to modelling.