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| Heseanel ay AN INTRODUCTION Wayne Goddard & Stuart Melville Research Methodology: An Introduction First published in 1996 Second edition 2001 Reprinted 2005 Reprinted November 2006 Reprinted February 2007 © Juta & Co, Ltd P.O. Box 24309, Lansdowne 7779 ISBN 9780702156601 This book is copyright under the Beme Convention. In terms of the Copyright Act 98 of 1978, no part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying. recording. or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Copy editing: FPP Productions Proofing: Cecily van Gend Indexing: Cecily van Gend Cover design: The Pumphaus Design Studio ‘Typesetting by Mckore Graphics, Panorama Printing and binding: Mega Digital Trademark acknowledgements GPSS/H is a registered wademark of Wolverine Software Corporations; SLAM of Pritsker Corporation; Mathematica of Wolfram Research, In Lotus 1-2-3 of Lotus Corporation; Quattro Pro of Borland International, In: Excel of Microsoft Corporation; SPSS of SPSS, Inc.; Minitab of Minitab, Inc.; ‘SAS of SAS Institute, Inc.; Mosaic of Jet Propulsion Laboratory; Netscape of Netscape Communications Corporation. Contents Preface, oi ci4.06 28 oe means vii Preface to the Second Edition ix Acknowledgements ...... x Taf pe yes p rasan ensorere es ner enecnenRE See 1 What is research? ......... . 1 Why do research? ...... Z Where does research occur? . archers use? . Using this book ...... -- PART 1: GETTING STARTED ames soces 7 Chapter 1: Types of Research ........ Experimental reseach .... a Creative research... Descriptive research . Ex post facto research. Action research Historical research Expository research . Chapter 2: Getting Started . A ‘research recipe’... .. Becoming aware of a problem Problems versus research problems . . What should be demarcated? ...... A statement of the research problem . Chapter 3: Sources of Information ...... 18 Why study the past? 18 Sources of information . 19 Accessing information . = 22 Make a record....... 24 - 26 Chapter 4: Academia and Accounts ............--. Academia .... . seme Research funding