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# Math 4441/6441 (Spring 2008)

Test #2 (04/08)

Test Problems

Problem 1 (10 points). Let G be a group with |G| = 60 and let a G be a (xed) element satisfying a42 = e, a16 = e and a15 = e. Determine ord(a). Show your work carefully. Problem 2 (6+1+3 points). Let X = {1, 2, 3}. Consider S3 = {f1 , f2 , f3 , f4 , f5 , f6 } that consists of all bijective functions from X to X as listed below f1 = 1X :1 1, 2 2, 3 3; f2 :1 1, 2 3, 3 2; f3 :1 2, 2 1, 3 3; f4 :1 2, 2 3, 3 1; f5 :1 3, 2 1, 3 2; f6 :1 3, 2 2, 3 1. It is known that S3 is a group under composition of functions. (1) Let C(f3 ) = {g S3 | gf3 = f3 g}. List all the distinct elements in C(f3 ) explicitly. (2) Let H = f6 . List all the distinct elements in H explicitly and without repetition. (3) Determine the number of distinct left cosets of H = f6 in S3 . For each left coset, list all its elements explicitly in the format of f? H = {f? , . . . , f? }. Problem 3 (5+5 points). Let G be an abelian group and H be a (xed) subgroup of G. (1) Let F = {h2 | h H}. Show F is a subgroup of G. (2) Let T = {a G | ord(a) < }. Show T is a subgroup of G. Problem 4 (4+4+2 points). Let G be a group. For any subsets H, K G, dene HK = {hk | h H, k K}, which is clearly a subset of G. (1) If (ab)2 = a2 b2 for all a, b G, show G is abelian. (2) If G is abelian, H G and K G (xed subgroups), show HK G. (3) True or false: If H G and K G (but without the assumption that G is abelian), then HK G. Give a proof or a counterexample. . . . . . . . . . . . . . True False Problem 5 (10 points). True or false. Circle your choices and no justication is needed. Whenever G is mentioned, it is assumed that G is a group. (1) Given a, b G, if ab = ba then am bn = bn am for all m, n Z. . . . . . . True False (2) Given a G, if a12 = e and a20 = e, then ord(a) = 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . True False (3) Every group has at least two distinct subgroups. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . True False (4) Given a G, if a175 = e, then ord(a) < . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . True False 2 2 (5) Given a, b G, if a = b, then a = b . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . True False (6) Given a, b G, if a = b, then a3 = b3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . True False (7) If H1 G and H2 H1 , then H2 G. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . True False (8) If H1 G and H2 G, then H1 H2 G. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . True False 6 (9) If |G| = 10, then there is no x G such that x = e. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . True False (10) Given a G, if a27 = e and a45 = e, then ord(a) = 27. . . . . . . . . . . . . . True False