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ECE 526 Active Filter Design

ECE 526 Active Filter Design Dr. R. A. Nordin Spring 2012 TEXT: “Design of Analog Filters”

Dr. R. A. Nordin Spring 2012

TEXT:

“Design of Analog Filters” 2 nd Edition, by R. Schaumann, H. Xiao and M.E. Van Valkenburg, Oxford U. Press, 2010, ISBN13: 9780195373943.

Reference Texts:

- “Design of Analog Filters”, by R. Schaumann and M.E. Van Valkenburg, Oxford

U. Press, 2001, ISBN 0-19-511877-4.

- “Passive & Active Filters: Theory & Implementations”, by Wai-Kai Chen, Wiley,

86.

- “Introduction to the Theory and Design of Active Filters”, by L. P. Huelsman and

P. E. Allen, McGraw-Hill, Inc. 1980.

- “Introduction to Filter Theory”, by David E. Johnson - Prentice Hall 1976

- “SPICE: A guide to circuit simulation & analysis using Pspice”, by P. W. Tuinenga

- “The illustrated Guide to PSPICE Windows”, by Robert Lamely

Grading Policy:

Test 1

100 pts

Test 2

100 pts

Final

100 pts

Homework

100 pts

Project

100 pts

Total

500 pts

Notes:

All exams are closed book, but you are allowed to use both sides of an 8.5” by 11” sheet of paper for notes. Save your notes for the next exam, because you are allowed to have cumulative notes at subsequent exams. The exams have four problems with multiple parts per problem. All exams will be held at the IIT main campus and at the Rice campus unless special arrangements are made. The class project is a computer simulation of an active filter using a CAD tool called PSPICE. Homework‟s are to be turned in (via campus mail, digital box in blackboard or email) at the beginning of class on the assigned day. Late homework‟s will not be accepted, unless previous arrangements are made. Electronically submitted homework should be in PDF format.

Office Hours:

By Phone only on M. W. F. from 11:00 am to 1:00 p.m. at telephone # = (630) 926- 9345 or email at rnordin@iit.edu. I will also be available 30 minutes before and after class upstairs (at the Rice campus) in the faculty room.

ECE 526 Course Schedule

ECE 526 Course Schedule Dr. R. A. Nordin Spring 2012 Thursday Lecture Active Filter Design: Topics

Dr. R. A. Nordin Spring 2012

Thursday

Lecture

Active Filter Design: Topics

Due:

1/12

Chapter 1&2 Introduction and O-Amp fundamentals

Chapter 3

First Order Filters: Transfer Functions & Freq. Response

1/19

Chapter 3

First Order Filters: Transfer Functions & Freq. Response

1/26

Chapter 4

Second Order Low-Pass and Band-Pass Filters

HW#1

2/02

Chapter 4

Second Order Low-Pass and Band-Pass Filters

HW#2

2/09

Chap 1-4

Review for Exam #1 material (Problem Solving)

Exam #1

(covering chapters 1, 2, 3, and 4)

2/16

Chapter 6

Review Exam #1 & intro to 2 nd order low-pass filters

Chapter 6

Low-Pass Filters with maximally flat magnitude response

2/23

Chapter 6

Low-Pass Filters with maximally flat magnitude response

Chapter 7

Low-Pass Filters with Equal ripple (Chebyshev) mag resp.

3/01

Chapter 7

Low-Pass Filters with Equal ripple (Chebyshev) mag resp.

HW#3

Chapter 8

Inverse Chebyshev and Cauer Filters

3/08

Chapter 8

Inverse Chebyshev and Cauer Filters

HW#4

Chapter 9

Frequency Transformation

3/15

Chap 6,7,8,9 Review for Exam #2 material (Problem Solving)

 

3/22

SPRING BREAK

3/29

Exam #2

(covering chapters part of 6,7,8 and part of 9

4/05

Chapter 10

Review of Exam #2 & Delay Filters

Chapter 12

Sensitivity

HW#5

4/12

Chapter 12

Sensitivity

Chapter 13

LC Ladder Filters

4/19

Chapter 13

LC Ladder Filters

HW#6

4/26

Chap 10,12,13

Review for Final Exam material

Project

5/03

Final Exam (covering chapters 10,12,13, and one comp) 7:30 9:30

ECE 526 Home Work Assignments

ECE 526 Home Work Assignments Dr. R. A. Nordin Spring 2012 HW #1 See Assignment #1

Dr. R. A. Nordin Spring 2012

HW

#1

See Assignment #1 handout

20 pts

HW

#2

Chapter 2, 3 & 4 Problems (2.9, 2.10, 2.19, 2.23, 3.19, 3.23, 3.26, 3.45, 4.5, 4.10

15 pts

HW

#3

Chapter 6 & 7 Problems

15 pts

 

(6.1, 6.3, 6.10, 6.13, 6.20) (2 points each)

-

Design a normalized BW LP filter of order 5 using single Op-Amp

infinite gain multiple feedback configurations and a single Op-Amp

single pole configurations if needed. Plot the magnitude and the phase response using P-Spice. (5 points)

HW

#4

Chapter 7 & 8 Problems (7.1, 7.4, 7.6, 7.7, 7.15) (2 points each) (8.1, 8.5, 8.8) (2 points each)

20 pts

- Design a normalized Chebychev (=1dB) LP filter of order 5

using single Op-Amp infinite gain multiple feedback configurations and a single Op-Amp single pole configurations if needed. Plot the magnitude and the phase response using P-Spice. Compare to BW.

- Design a normalized Inv-Chebychev (=1dB) LP filter of order 5

using single Op-Amp infinite gain multiple feedback configurations and a single Op-Amp single pole configurations if needed. Plot the magnitude and the phase response using P-Spice. Compare to BW

HW #5

Chapter 8, 9, & 10 Problems (8.10, 8.12) (1 point, 2 points) (9.1, 9.2, 9.10) (2 points each) (10.1, 10.2, 10.4) (2 points each)

15 pts

HW #6

Chapter 12 & 13 Problems (12.1, 12.5, 12.6) (1 point, 2 point, 2 point) (13.1, 13.4, 13.5, 13.9, 13.10) (2 points each)

15 pts

 

Total

100 pts

Neglect any part of a problem that requests a computer simulation using EWB.

ECE 526 Computer Project (100 points )

ECE 526 Computer Project (100 points ) Dr. R. A. Nordin Spring 2012 “Re -Configurable Bandpass

Dr. R. A. Nordin Spring 2012

“Re-Configurable Bandpass Active Filter for Touch-tone Signal Detection”

Requirements:

1.) Bandpass filter 2.) Q = 100 (or best effort) 3.) gain at F c = 1 4.) min # of element changes to detect the touch tone frequencies of:

697, 770, 852, 941, 1209, 1336 and 1477 Hz

BP Filter Vout

BP Filter

Vout

Vin

770, 852, 941, 1209, 1336 and 1477 Hz BP Filter Vout Vin What to hand in:

What to hand in:

(20) 1.) The Filter schematic, including node labels, device labels, and any other type of labels used so as one can trace the schematic to relevant plots. (20) 2.) Brief (1 page maximum) summary of your project along with a circuit description. Describe any key circuitry used. (20) 3.) Create a specification sheet for your programmable filter, include the following:

a.)

attenuation or rejection of “neighboring” frequencies.

b.)

how the filter center frequency is varied.

c.)

Quality factor and bandwidth of the filter

d.)

element sensitivity

(20) 4.) Verification Plots showing the performance of your Filter:

a.) Amplitude and phase spectra for each frequency (label all pertinent information) b.) for the F c =1209 Hz design, show the amplitude and phase spectra as component values vary by + and - 10% (for simplicity, assume either all components are up by 10% or all are low by 10%). c.) for the F c =1209 Hz design, plot the step function response. d.) for the F c =1209 Hz design, plot the impulse (estimate the impulse input) function response. (20) 5.) Comment on the sensitivity results of part 4b. (calculate the sensitivity and compare to simulated results).

Homework Assignment #1 (20 points)

(4 pts) 1.) For the following network,

1H + + 1F 1H 2H V V in out 1 1 1 - -
1H
+
+
1F
1H
2H
V
V
in
out
1
1
1
-
-
+ + 1F 1H 2H V V in out 1 1 1 - - Dr. R.

Dr. R. A. Nordin Spring 2012

a.) Calculate the transfer function ( V out / V in ). b.) Sketch the magnitude and the phase spectra of the Transfer Function. c.) Calculate the cutoff frequency of the Transfer Function. d.) What kind of filter is this?

(5 pts) 2.) For the following network,

 

1F

 
 
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
 
 

1

1

 

+

in

1F

1F
in 1F + V a + - 2.1V a V

+

V

a

+
+

- 2.1V a

V

 

-

-

 
   
 
   

+

V

-

out

a.) Calculate the transfer function ( V out / V in ). b.) Sketch the magnitude and the phase spectra of the Transfer Function. c.) Calculate the cutoff frequency of the Transfer Function. d.) What kind of filter is this? e.) Is the network stable? (is the denominator polynomial Hurwitz?)

(4 pts) 3.) For the following 3 rd order low pass Butterworth Filter,

the following 3 r d order low pass Butterworth Filter, + V - in 1 

+

V

-

in

1

3 r d order low pass Butterworth Filter, + V - in 1  1H 1H
3 r d order low pass Butterworth Filter, + V - in 1  1H 1H

1H

r d order low pass Butterworth Filter, + V - in 1  1H 1H 2F

1H

2F

order low pass Butterworth Filter, + V - in 1  1H 1H 2F 1 
order low pass Butterworth Filter, + V - in 1  1H 1H 2F 1 
order low pass Butterworth Filter, + V - in 1  1H 1H 2F 1 
order low pass Butterworth Filter, + V - in 1  1H 1H 2F 1 

1

low pass Butterworth Filter, + V - in 1  1H 1H 2F 1  +
low pass Butterworth Filter, + V - in 1  1H 1H 2F 1  +
low pass Butterworth Filter, + V - in 1  1H 1H 2F 1  +

+

V

-

out

H(s) = 0.5 / (s 3 + 2s 2 + 2s + 1)

a.) Find the element values that will result when a frequency denormalization is made such that the bandwidth is increased to1kHz. b.) For part (a) re-calculate the transfer function. c.) Find the elemental values that will result when an impedance denormalization is made such that the terminating resistor is changed to 10k. d.) For part (c) re-calculate the transfer function.

Thursday 12 January 2012

ECE 526

Page 5 of 7

(3 pts) 4.) Use the Hurwitz test to check the following polynomials for stability,

a.) s 3 + 7s 2 + 14s +8 b.) s 3 + 2s 2 + 2s + 5 c.) s 4 + 3s 3 + 3s 2 + 3s + 2 d.) s 5 + s 4 + 2s 3 + 2s 2 + 5s + 5 e.) s 4 + s 2 + 1 f.) s 5 + 5s 3 + 4s

5s + 5 e.) s 4 + s 2 + 1 f.) s 5 + 5s

Dr. R. A. Nordin Spring 2012

(4 pts) 5.) Find a realizable H(s) if the magnitude response squared is

| H(j) | 2 = (1 + 2 ) / (6 54 + 52 + 4)

Extra Credit Problems (15 points total):

Extra Credit Problems (15 points total): Dr. R. A. Nordin Spring 2012 Due at the first

Dr. R. A. Nordin Spring 2012

Due at the first exam (5 points) 1.) For a 5 th order Butterworth Low Pass Filter,

(a)

derive the transfer function for the filter

(b)

prove that the amplitude function is equal to:

|H(j)| = 1 / SQRT(1 + 10 )

(c)

derive the phase response, and

(d)

simulate the frequency response (magnitude and phase) via PSPICE or a MathCAD (or similar CAD tool).

Due at the second exam

(5 points) 2.) For a 5 th order Butterworth filter Low Pass Filter,

(a)

Derive the delay time response.

(b)

Simulate a time domain response (use a step input and a

impulse input) (c) Sketch the delay as the order of the filter increases from a 3 rd order to a 8 th order

Due at the final exam (5 points) 3.) For the following 5 th order filters:

Butterworth Chebyshev (ripple amplitude = 3 dB) Inverse Chebyshev (ripple amplitude = 50 dB)

(a)

Sketch their amplitude and their Phase response

(b)

Determine their delay, and

(c)

Compare and contrast these filters.