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Queen’s University at Kingston

Faculty of Arts and Science

Department of Physics

PHYSICS 104 and PHYSICS 106

Alastair McLean ()

MidYear Examination

December 2010

Professor: A. B. McLean

PHYS 106 FINAL 2009-10

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This examination is THREE HOURS in length. The following aids are allowed:

I The PHYS106 equation sheet that is provided.

I The Arts and Science approved calculator (Casio fx-991).

When finished put your scantron sheet inside your answer booklet.

When finished please take the exam and the equation sheet with you.

The exam o ce will not be administering this exam. So there will be no proctors. However, we are requested to include the following note that you should disregard. “Proctors are unable to respond to queries about the interpretation of exam questions. Do your best to answer exam questions as written.”

Alastair McLean ()

PHYS 106 FINAL 2009-10

December 16, 2010 2 / 18
December 16, 2010
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MULTIPLE CHOICE - Instructions

Put your student number on the scantron sheet in two places and (optionally) your name.

Attempt ALL TEN multiple choice questions.

Record your answers on the scantron sheet.

Each question is worth one mark.

Select test form ”A”.

The boxes should be penciled so that the letter is not visible.

Alastair McLean () PHYS 106 FINAL 2009-10 December 16, 2010 3 / 18
Alastair McLean ()
PHYS 106 FINAL 2009-10
December 16, 2010
3 / 18

Qu.1

y / m up 8 6 A 4 B 2 C x / m 0
y / m
up
8
6
A
4
B
2
C
x / m
0 0
4
8
12

A projectile is launched into the air three times from point (x , y ) = (0, 0)

with the same launch angle. If t A , t B and t C are the flight times, the time

the projectile spends in the air, which of the following describes the ratio

of the flight times ( t A : t B : t C )?

A .4:2:1 B . 16 : 4 : 1 C.1:1:1 D . 0 .25 : 0 .5:1 E.2: p 2:1

Alastair McLean ()

PHYS 106 FINAL 2009-10

December 16, 2010 4 / 18
December 16, 2010
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Qu.2

Using thruster rockets, the spaceship Discovery travels from position P 1 to position P 2 along a anticlockwise circular path with an angular speed of 0.01 rad/s. For this journey, what is the magnitude of the Discovery’s average velocity? You may use the sin rule: a / sin A = b / sin B .

y/m 100 km P 1 x/m 45 o moon space ship P 2 Alastair McLean
y/m
100 km
P 1 x/m
45 o
moon
space ship
P
2
Alastair McLean ()
PHYS 106 FINAL 2009-10

A . 0.42 km/s

B . 0.30 km/s

C. 0.39 km/s

D . 0.47 km/s

E. 0.78 km/s

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Qu.3

x v up
x
v
up

l

The block slides up the frictionless incline, then back down. Which of the following is the correct acceleration-time graph for the block?

a x 0
a x
0

A

t

0

a x

acceleration-time graph for the block? a x 0 A t 0 a x B Alastair McLean

B

Alastair McLean ()

t

a x 0
a x
0

C

t

PHYS 106 FINAL 2009-10

a x a x t t 0 0 D E December 16, 2010 6 /
a x
a x
t
t
0
0
D
E
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Qu.4

up m m 0.1 0.2 spring m
up
m
m
0.1
0.2
spring
m

m

m

A 0.1 kg pendulum bob, that is initially at rest, falls through a height of 0.1 m and hits a block with an equal mass on a frictionless surface. The block moves down the incline, falling through a height of 0.2 m before hitting a block with an equal mass attached to a spring with a spring constant of 50 N/m. What is the maximum compression of the spring?

A . 0.01 m B . 0.08 m C. 0.09 m

D . 0.10 m E. 0.11 m

Alastair McLean ()

PHYS 106 FINAL 2009-10

December 16, 2010 7 / 18
December 16, 2010
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Qu.5

tower

u
u
ball
ball
y
y

m

h

ground

0

x

path of the ball

wind

ball F gravity F G
ball
F
gravity
F
G

forces on the ball

A girl threw a ball horizontally o a tower of height h = 40 m. She threw

the ball to the right and into the wind which is blowing to the left. The magnitude of the force produced by the wind is equal in magnitude to the

~ ~

weight of the ball, | F | = | F G |. What is the initial speed of the ball (u ) if

it is to land at the base of the tower, a distance h directly below the release point. A 14 m/s B 18 m/s C 28 m/s D 34 m/s E 40 m/s

Alastair McLean ()

PHYS 106 FINAL 2009-10

December 16, 2010 8 / 18
December 16, 2010
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Qu.6

A 0.01 kg rubber ball and a 0.01 kg clay ball are thrown at a wall with equal speeds. The rubber ball bounces, the clay ball sticks. Which ball exerts a larger impulse on the wall?

A They exert equal impulses because they have equal momenta

B The clay ball exerts a larger impulse because it sticks.

C Neither exerts an impulse on the wall because the wall doesn’t move.

D The rubber ball exerts a larger impulse because it bounces.

E They exert equal impulses because they have equal kinetic energy and

equal momenta.

Alastair McLean ()

PHYS 106 FINAL 2009-10

December 16, 2010 9 / 18
December 16, 2010
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Qu.7

V V 1 2 1 2 Before
V
V
1
2
1
2
Before
V f 1 2 After
V f
1
2
After

In a green chemistry laboratory, two pieces of biological hazard are inadvertently thrown from a window. Piece 1 catches up with piece 2 and they stick together, forming one piece of lethal biohazard. Then they continue on with velocity v f . Which of the following statements is true?

A v f is greater than v 2 but less than v 1 .

B v f is less than v 2 .

C v f = v 2 .

D v f = v 1 .

E v f is greater than v 1 .

Alastair McLean ()

PHYS 106 FINAL 2009-10

December 16, 2010 10 / 18
December 16, 2010
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Qu.8

A wrench is used to turn a bolt. A scale drawing is provided that can be used to extract magnitudes of forces and distances. If (i) the torque associated

~

with force F i is ~⌧ i (ii) the magnitude of

~

~

F 1 equals the magnitude F 2 and (iii) the

~

magnitude of F 3 equals the magnitude of

~

F 4 , which of the following is correct:

A . 1 > 2 > 3 > 4 B . 4 > 2

C. 1 = 3 and 4 > 2 > 1

D . 1 = 3 and 1 > 4 > 2

E. 1 = 3 and 1 > 2 > 4

wrench r bolt 35 o Force o 25 F 4 F 3 10 N F
wrench
r
bolt
35 o
Force
o
25
F 4
F 3
10 N
F 2
F 1
2 cm

Alastair McLean ()

PHYS 106 FINAL 2009-10

December 16, 2010 11 / 18
December 16, 2010
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Qu.9

A

wind turbine is slowing down. If positive angles (i.e. +) are measured

in

an anti-clockwise sense, what are the signs of ! and ?

A . ! is positive and is positive B . ! is negative and is positive

C. ! is positive and is negative

D . ! is negative and is negative

E. None of the above

Alastair McLean ()

PHYS 106 FINAL 2009-10

negative and ↵ is negative E . None of the above Alastair McLean () PHYS 106
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Qu.10

Two boys, with masses of 40 kg and 60 kg, respectively, stand on a horizontal frictionless surface holding the ends of a light 10 m long rod. The boys pull themselves together along the rod. What distance will the 40 kg boy have moved when they meet?

A 4 m

B 5 m

C 6 m

D 10 m

E need to know the forces they exert

Alastair McLean ()

PHYS 106 FINAL 2009-10

December 16, 2010 13 / 18
December 16, 2010
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LONG QUESTIONS - Instructions

Answer BOTH long questions. Put your student number on the front of the answer booklet. You may do rough working in the answer booklet. Each question is worth five marks.

Alastair McLean ()

PHYS 106 FINAL 2009-10

December 16, 2010 14 / 18
December 16, 2010
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LONG QUESTION A

2.0 m

y y = 0.1 x 2 v up 20 o ball hill 0 x
y
y = 0.1 x 2
v
up
20 o
ball
hill
0
x

Baron von Benjamin Berg places his cannon at the foot of a hill at point 0(x , y ) = (0 , 0). The hill is described by y = 0.1 x 2 . The mouth of the cannon is located 2.00 m above the ground (i.e above 0). The Baron fires the cannonball at a speed of 40.0 m/s with a launch angle of 20.0 above the horizontal plane. Calculate the x and y coordinates of the point where the cannonball and the hill collide.

Alastair McLean ()

PHYS 106 FINAL 2009-10

December 16, 2010 15 / 18
December 16, 2010
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LONG QUESTION B

A pendulum swings back and forth between = +45 (+/4 rad) and -45 (- /4 rad). Find two angles where the tension in the string is half the maximum value?

up

L θ
L
θ

Alastair McLean ()

m

CONTINUED OVER

PHYS 106 FINAL 2009-10

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LONG QUESTION B continued

Part marks will be awarded for:

1 Drawing a free body diagram for the pendulum bob.

2 Correctly resolving the forces parallel to the string tension and thereby deriving an equation for the string tension.

3 Deriving an equation for the height of the bob as a function of the angle and the length of the string L.

4 Applying conservation of mechanical energy to derive an expression for the speed of the bob as a function of angle .

5 Calculating the maximum tension in the string.

6 Calculating the angles at which the tension is half the maximum value.

Alastair McLean ()

PHYS 106 FINAL 2009-10

December 16, 2010 17 / 18
December 16, 2010
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THE END

Beware, beyond this point, there are dragons.

Alastair McLean () PHYS 106 FINAL 2009-10 December 16, 2010 18 / 18
Alastair McLean ()
PHYS 106 FINAL 2009-10
December 16, 2010
18 / 18