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How to maximize the value of mature HC fields ? Workshop Budapest, 18. November 2010.
How to maximize the value of mature HC fields ? Workshop Budapest, 18. November 2010.
How to maximize the value of mature HC fields ? Workshop Budapest, 18. November 2010.
How to maximize the value of mature HC fields ? Workshop Budapest, 18. November 2010.
How to maximize the value of mature HC fields ? Workshop Budapest, 18. November 2010.
How to maximize the value of mature HC fields ? Workshop Budapest, 18. November 2010.

How to maximize the value of mature HC fields?

How to maximize the value of mature HC fields ? Workshop Budapest, 18. November 2010. Society
How to maximize the value of mature HC fields ? Workshop Budapest, 18. November 2010. Society

Workshop

Budapest, 18. November 2010.

Society of Petroleum Engineers 1
Society of Petroleum Engineers
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Getting the Most out of PNC & PNS Logs To Increase Production in Mature Fields

Getting the Most out of PNC & PNS Logs

To Increase Production in Mature Fields

Jason Gendur and Frank Thompson

Schlumberger

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Getting the Most out of PNC & PNS Logs To Increase Production in Mature Fields

Getting the Most out of PNC & PNS Logs

To Increase Production in Mature Fields

PNC & PNS Logs To Increase Production in Mature Fields  Diagnose Existing Problems in Producing
 Diagnose Existing Problems in Producing Wells  Find Bypassed Hydrocarbons  Remedial Actions 3
 Diagnose Existing Problems in
Producing Wells
 Find Bypassed Hydrocarbons
 Remedial Actions
3
Mature Fields  Diagnose Existing Problems in Producing Wells  Find Bypassed Hydrocarbons  Remedial Actions
Petrophysical Evaluation Problems • Completions Restrictions (Tool OD) • Behind-Casing Measurements • Flowing or

Petrophysical Evaluation Problems

Petrophysical Evaluation Problems • Completions Restrictions (Tool OD) • Behind-Casing Measurements • Flowing or
Petrophysical Evaluation Problems • Completions Restrictions (Tool OD) • Behind-Casing Measurements • Flowing or
Petrophysical Evaluation Problems • Completions Restrictions (Tool OD) • Behind-Casing Measurements • Flowing or
• Completions Restrictions (Tool OD) • Behind-Casing Measurements • Flowing or Shut in
• Completions Restrictions (Tool OD)
• Behind-Casing Measurements
• Flowing or Shut in
OD) • Behind-Casing Measurements • Flowing or Shut in T u b i n g S
OD) • Behind-Casing Measurements • Flowing or Shut in T u b i n g S

Tubing Scale or Corrosion

or Shut in T u b i n g S c a l e o r

Casing Condition

or Shut in T u b i n g S c a l e o r

Completions Design

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PNS Vs PNC  Pulsed Neutron Capture • GR Count Vs time • Measuring macroscopic
PNS Vs PNC
PNS Vs PNC
PNS Vs PNC  Pulsed Neutron Capture • GR Count Vs time • Measuring macroscopic neutron
PNS Vs PNC  Pulsed Neutron Capture • GR Count Vs time • Measuring macroscopic neutron
 Pulsed Neutron Capture • GR Count Vs time • Measuring macroscopic neutron cross section
 Pulsed Neutron Capture
• GR Count Vs time
• Measuring macroscopic neutron
cross section (S)
 Pulsed Neutron Spectroscopy • GR Count Vs Energy • For C/O Ratio • Spectroscopy
 Pulsed Neutron Spectroscopy
• GR Count Vs Energy
• For C/O Ratio
• Spectroscopy
cross section (S)  Pulsed Neutron Spectroscopy • GR Count Vs Energy • For C/O Ratio

PNC

cross section (S)  Pulsed Neutron Spectroscopy • GR Count Vs Energy • For C/O Ratio

PNS

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Applications in Mature Fields Problem Conditions Solution water saturation in depleted Salty connate water PNC
Applications in Mature Fields Problem Conditions Solution water saturation in depleted Salty connate water PNC
Applications in Mature Fields
Problem
Conditions
Solution
water saturation in depleted
Salty connate water
PNC logging
oil reservoir
water saturation in depleted
oil reservoir
Fresh water
PNS logging
Bypassed gas zone detection
Thin layers
PNC logging with WINR gas
detection
Petrophysical evaluation in
Only resistivity-SP open hole
PNS & PNC
old field
logs available
Spectrolith for lithology
Oil saturation
Gas cap
PNS and PNC
Current oil saturation
Water injection, variable
PNS and PNC
water salinity
Water production
Flow behind casing
Water flow logging
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PNC and PNS Diagnostics RST Pro 7
PNC and PNS Diagnostics
PNC and PNS Diagnostics
PNC and PNS Diagnostics RST Pro 7
PNC and PNS Diagnostics RST Pro 7
PNC and PNS Diagnostics RST Pro 7

RST Pro

PNC and PNS Diagnostics RST Pro 7
PNC and PNS Diagnostics RST Pro 7
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PNC Measurement 8 Sigma ( S ) Porosity Borehole Salinity
PNC Measurement 8 Sigma ( S ) Porosity Borehole Salinity
PNC Measurement 8 Sigma ( S ) Porosity Borehole Salinity
PNC Measurement 8 Sigma ( S ) Porosity Borehole Salinity
PNC Measurement
PNC Measurement
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8

Sigma (S)

Porosity

Borehole

Salinity

PNC Measurement 8 Sigma ( S ) Porosity Borehole Salinity
PNC Measurement 8 Sigma ( S ) Porosity Borehole Salinity
Sigma Log 9
Sigma Log 9
Sigma Log 9
Sigma Log 9
Sigma Log 9
Sigma Log 9
Sigma Log
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Sigma Log Neutron Porosity GR Correlation Shale Volume Gas Indication Count Rates IRAT WINR Sigma
Sigma Log Neutron Porosity GR Correlation Shale Volume Gas Indication Count Rates IRAT WINR Sigma
Sigma Log Neutron Porosity GR Correlation Shale Volume Gas Indication Count Rates IRAT WINR Sigma
Sigma Log
Sigma Log

Neutron Porosity

GR

Correlation Shale Volume

Sigma Log Neutron Porosity GR Correlation Shale Volume Gas Indication Count Rates IRAT WINR Sigma 10

Gas Indication

Count Rates

IRAT

WINR

Sigma Log Neutron Porosity GR Correlation Shale Volume Gas Indication Count Rates IRAT WINR Sigma 10
Sigma Log Neutron Porosity GR Correlation Shale Volume Gas Indication Count Rates IRAT WINR Sigma 10

Sigma

Sigma Log Neutron Porosity GR Correlation Shale Volume Gas Indication Count Rates IRAT WINR Sigma 10
Sigma Log Neutron Porosity GR Correlation Shale Volume Gas Indication Count Rates IRAT WINR Sigma 10
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Problem Conditions Solution Bypassed gas zone Thin layers PNC logging with WINR detection gas detection
Problem
Conditions
Solution
Bypassed gas zone
Thin layers
PNC logging with WINR
detection
gas detection
Thin layers PNC logging with WINR detection gas detection Neutron Porosity GR Correlation Shale Volume Gas

Neutron Porosity

GR

Correlation Shale Volume

gas detection Neutron Porosity GR Correlation Shale Volume Gas Indication Count Rates IRAT WINR Sigma Water

Gas Indication

Count Rates

IRAT

WINR

Shale Volume Gas Indication Count Rates IRAT WINR Sigma Water ( water * fS w )
Shale Volume Gas Indication Count Rates IRAT WINR Sigma Water ( water * fS w )

Sigma

Water ( water * fS w )  log = + ( hydrocarb * f(1-S
Water
( water * fS w )
 log =
+ ( hydrocarb * f(1-S w )) Hydrocarbon
+ ( matrix * (1-f-V shale ))
Matrix
+ ( shale * V shale ) Shale
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Sigma Log     S S  S S f  Vcl 
Sigma Log     S S  S S f  Vcl 
Sigma Log
Sigma Log
Sigma Log     S S  S S f  Vcl  S
Sigma Log     S S  S S f  Vcl  S
Sigma Log     S S  S S f  Vcl  S
Sigma Log     S S  S S f  Vcl  S
    S S  S S f  Vcl  S S
S S
 S S
f
Vcl
S S
log
ma
h y
ma
cl
ma
Sw 
f
S S
12
w a
h y
S S  S S f  Vcl  S S  log ma h y
WINR Curve for Gas 13
WINR Curve for Gas 13
WINR Curve for Gas 13
WINR Curve for Gas 13
WINR Curve for Gas 13
WINR Curve for Gas
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PNC Measurement 14
PNC Measurement
PNC Measurement
PNC Measurement 14
PNC Measurement 14
PNC Measurement 14
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14
PNS Measurement – C/O 15
PNS Measurement – C/O
PNS Measurement – C/O
PNS Measurement – C/O 15
PNS Measurement – C/O 15
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15
PNS Measurement – C/O 16
PNS Measurement – C/O
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PNS Measurement – Spectrolith 17
PNS Measurement – Spectrolith
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PNS Spectrolith 18
PNS Spectrolith
PNS Spectrolith
PNS Spectrolith 18
PNS Spectrolith 18
PNS Spectrolith 18
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Problem Conditions Solution Petrophysical evaluation in Only resistivity-SP open Spectrolith for lithology old field
Problem
Conditions
Solution
Petrophysical evaluation in
Only resistivity-SP open
Spectrolith for lithology
old field
hole logs available
determination
for lithology old field hole logs available determination SHALLOW SHALLOW MEDIUM SONIC MEDIUM SONIC GAMMA RAY
for lithology old field hole logs available determination SHALLOW SHALLOW MEDIUM SONIC MEDIUM SONIC GAMMA RAY
SHALLOW SHALLOW MEDIUM SONIC MEDIUM SONIC GAMMA RAY DEEP TRAVEL TIMES DEEP TRAVEL TIMES
SHALLOW
SHALLOW
MEDIUM
SONIC
MEDIUM
SONIC
GAMMA RAY
DEEP
TRAVEL TIMES
DEEP
TRAVEL TIMES

Are high

resistivity intervals pay?

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Problem Conditions Solution Petrophysical evaluation in Only resistivity-SP open Spectrolith for lithology old field
Problem
Conditions
Solution
Petrophysical evaluation in
Only resistivity-SP open
Spectrolith for lithology
old field
hole logs available
determination
for lithology old field hole logs available determination SHALLOW SHALLOW MEDIUM SONIC MEDIUM SONIC GAMMA RAY
for lithology old field hole logs available determination SHALLOW SHALLOW MEDIUM SONIC MEDIUM SONIC GAMMA RAY
SHALLOW SHALLOW MEDIUM SONIC MEDIUM SONIC GAMMA RAY DEEP TRAVEL TIMES DEEP TRAVEL TIMES
SHALLOW
SHALLOW
MEDIUM
SONIC
MEDIUM
SONIC
GAMMA RAY
DEEP
TRAVEL TIMES
DEEP
TRAVEL TIMES

Are high

resistivity intervals pay?

Pay

Zone?

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Problem Conditions Solution Petrophysical evaluation in Only resistivity-SP open Spectrolith for lithology old field
Problem
Conditions
Solution
Petrophysical evaluation in
Only resistivity-SP open
Spectrolith for lithology
old field
hole logs available
determination
for lithology old field hole logs available determination SHALLOW MEDIUM SONIC GAMMA RAY DEEP TRAVEL TIMES
for lithology old field hole logs available determination SHALLOW MEDIUM SONIC GAMMA RAY DEEP TRAVEL TIMES
SHALLOW MEDIUM SONIC GAMMA RAY DEEP TRAVEL TIMES
SHALLOW
MEDIUM
SONIC
GAMMA RAY
DEEP
TRAVEL TIMES

Are high

resistivity intervals pay?

NO

Pay

zone in sand?

YES

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Problem Conditions Oil saturation Gas cap Solution PNS and PNC Lithology Gas – Sigma Oil
Problem Conditions Oil saturation Gas cap Solution PNS and PNC Lithology Gas – Sigma Oil
Problem Conditions Oil saturation Gas cap Solution PNS and PNC Lithology Gas – Sigma Oil
Problem Conditions Oil saturation Gas cap
Problem
Conditions
Oil saturation
Gas cap

Solution

PNS and PNC

Problem Conditions Oil saturation Gas cap Solution PNS and PNC Lithology Gas – Sigma Oil –

Lithology

Gas Sigma

Oil Sigma & C/O

Problem Conditions Oil saturation Gas cap Solution PNS and PNC Lithology Gas – Sigma Oil –
Problem Conditions Oil saturation Gas cap Solution PNS and PNC Lithology Gas – Sigma Oil –
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Problem Conditions Petrophysical evaluation in old field Only resistivity-SP open hole logs available
Problem
Conditions
Petrophysical evaluation in
old field
Only resistivity-SP open
hole logs available

Solution

Spectrolith for lithology determination

Old Logs

open hole logs available Solution Spectrolith for lithology determination Old Logs Depleted Layer Unswept Oil 23
open hole logs available Solution Spectrolith for lithology determination Old Logs Depleted Layer Unswept Oil 23
open hole logs available Solution Spectrolith for lithology determination Old Logs Depleted Layer Unswept Oil 23
open hole logs available Solution Spectrolith for lithology determination Old Logs Depleted Layer Unswept Oil 23

Depleted

Layer

Unswept Oil

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Problem Conditions Solution Current oil saturation Water injection, variable water salinity PNC logging
Problem
Conditions
Solution
Current oil saturation
Water injection, variable
water salinity
PNC logging
Water injection, variable water salinity PNC logging RST O H Water injection: • Fingering of injected

RST

OH

injection, variable water salinity PNC logging RST O H Water injection: • Fingering of injected water

Water injection:

Fingering of injected

water drops initial production (300b/d) Variable water salinity C/O mode

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Conclusion  PNS and PNC measurements from RSTPro (Sigma, C/O, Spectrolith) are used to maximize
Conclusion
Conclusion
Conclusion  PNS and PNC measurements from RSTPro (Sigma, C/O, Spectrolith) are used to maximize the
Conclusion  PNS and PNC measurements from RSTPro (Sigma, C/O, Spectrolith) are used to maximize the
Conclusion  PNS and PNC measurements from RSTPro (Sigma, C/O, Spectrolith) are used to maximize the
 PNS and PNC measurements from RSTPro (Sigma, C/O, Spectrolith) are used to maximize the
 PNS and PNC measurements from RSTPro (Sigma, C/O,
Spectrolith) are used to maximize the value of mature fields
 Diagnose existing problems
• Water saturation in depleted oil reservoirs
• Identify fluid contacts (water-oil-gas)
 Find bypassed hydrocarbons
• Gas detection in thin zones
• Remaining oil saturation
 Remedial actions
• Water production behind casing
• Quantitative petrophysical evaluation in old wells
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Questions 26
Questions 26
Questions 26
Questions 26
Questions 26
Questions 26
Questions 26
Questions
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