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Brazil Round 10

Parecis Basin
Geologists Marcos Andr Rodrigues Alves, Marina Abelha Ferreira and Bolvar da Silva Haeser Bid Areas Department

Basin Location

AM MT

PA

RO

TO
Parecis

GO

DF

Area: 355,400 km2 Age: Neoproterozoic Sedimentary thickness: >6,000m


MS

Basin Boundaries

Parecis

Alto Xing Arch ~600 km from the frontal fault of the Andes Cordillera Rio Guapor Arch

The basin boundaries are delimitated by the Paleozoic outcrops

Infrastructure
Economically active region: agriculture, poultry and livestock raising; Energy and communications, with well established technicalcommercial structure, enabling specialized service offerings; Available manpower; The region has a good road system and relatively nearby air and railway connections; It lies close to regional centers (Goinia, Braslia, Cuiab, Campo Grande); Eventual gas production could be directly absorbed;

Infrastructure

Infrastructure
CENTRO-OESTE REGION
TRANSPORT INVESTMENTS FORECASTING 2007-2010

BR-242-MT

BR-158-MT

Offered Blocks

RO

Railroad Norte-Sul - GO

BR-070-GO BR-356-MT
MG

BR-060-GO

BR-163-364-MT BR-153-GO Ferronorte Rondonpolis-MT

Dredging and rock waste removal Waterway Paran-Paraguai MS-MT

TOTAL INVESTMENT: R$ 3.5 billion


Source: http://www.planejamento.gov.br/arquivos_down/noticias/pac/070123_PAC_INFRA-ESTRUTURA.pdf

Natural Gas Transportation Infrastructure


Gas Pipelines: 7,662 km
Transference: 2,228 Transport: 5,434

km

km

Bolvia-Brasil (in Brazil): 2,583 km Northern Part: Southern Part:


R10 Blocks NGPUs Cities Gas Pipelines Gas Pipelines under construction

1,418 km 1,165 km 615 km 25 km 565 km 25 km

Uruguaiana-Porto Alegre: Part 1: Part 2: (under construction): Part 3:

Capitals

Lateral Cuiab (in Brazil): 267 km


Anurio Estatstico Brasileiro do Petrleo e do Gs Natural - 2007

Exploratory Review

Exploratory Review

1970 decade: geological recognition mapping (1:250,000 scale) by DNPM in agreement with CPRM;

1988-1989: Petrobras began exploratory activities in the Parecis Basin, with gravimetric and aeromagnetometric surveying of the Juruena Subbasin (central part of Parecis Basin);

1989: Siqueira, L. P. integrated geological mapping to geophysical data obtained by other authors, publishing a good synthesis about the Parecis Basin;

Exploratory Review

19881991: surface geological studies, confirming the various lithostratigraphic units mapped by CPRM (Siqueira et al. 1988,1991); Discovery of a thermogenic gas seep at the locality of Salto Magessi (Teles Pires river), in the southeastern part of the Juruena Sub-basin (Siqueira 1989; Santos et al. 1990);

1992: regional seismic reconnaissance, followed by gravimetric survey along the seismic lines. Identification of the basin depocenter, with calculated depth of 5,000m at the Chapada dos Parecis, as well as six depositional sequences, separated by regional unconformities.

Exploratory Review

1993: stratigraphic well 2-FI-0001-MT (09/04/93) drilled in the Rondnia Sub-basin, with a total depth of 2,386 m;

1995: stratigraphic well 2-SM-0001-MT (01/30/95) drilled in the Juruena Sub-basin, with a total depth of 5,777 m;

1995: aerogravimetry and aeromagnetometry surveys (Petrobras) over the whole basin;

2007/08: ongoing surface geochemistry survey contracted by ANP (2,400 sampling points), with good results being already obtained in regional sampling as well as in surface geochemical analysis.

Exploratory Review

Available Data
Exploratory Wells: 2 (stratigraphic) 2-FI-0001-MT(1993): 2,386 m 2-SM-001-MT(1995): 5,777 m (1 well/177,700 km2)

2D Seismic Survey: 490.6 km (linear)

Aerogeophysic Grav/Mag Survey: 228,061 km (linear)

Exploratory Review

Wells
WELL LATITUDE LONGITUDE DEPTH ROTATING TABLE CLASS

2SM 0001 MT
-13:30:44.408 -55:24:37.818 5777 406 DRY HOLE

2FI 0001 MT
-14:05:08.309 -57:59:39.279 2386 644 DRY WITHOUT SHOWS

REMARKS

Gas shows at: 4762-4768m (Ponta Grossa Fm.) 4983-4987m (Proterozoic Alto Paraguai Gr.) 5094-5095m (Proterozoic Alto Paraguai Gr.) DST n2, 4981-4990m (Proterozoic), reveals tight sandstone with rare drops of black oil.

Exploratory Review
Location of Seismic/Wells

2D Seismic Survey: 490.6 km (linear) Exploratory Wells: 2 stratigraphic wells (1 well/177,700 km2)

Exploratory Review

Surface Geochemistry
Salto Magessi gas seep (Teles Pires river)

Surface Geochemistry Survey: Survey: 2,400 sampling points and 14 gas seep samples

Preliminary Results

Gas Geochemistry

Methane (C1)

Ethane (C2)

Propane (C3)

Butane (C4)
Red spots (3rd

00

Pentane (C5)

Hexane (C6)

order anomalies) - Orange spots (2nd order anomalies) Yellow spots (1st order anomalies)

Exploratory Effort

Gravimetry

Parecis Basin Bouguer anomaly map. Source: Bahia et al. (2007).

Exploratory Effort

Residual Gravimetric

Parecis Basin residual gravimetric map. Source: Bahia et al. (2007).

Exploratory Effort

Magnetotelluric

Parecis Basin magnetotelluric profile location map. Source: Observatrio Nacional

Exploratory Effort

Magnetotelluric

Parecis Basin magnetotelluric profile. Source: Flexor et al. (2005)

Geology

Tectonic Evolution Neoproterozoic


Neoproterozoic rifting
Caiabis Formation deposition Fluvial environment

Neoproterozoic sag
Araras Group deposition Limestones Cap (Marinoan Glaciation) Transgression/Shallow marine environment Alto Paraguai Group deposition Marine environment

Tectonic Evolution Paleozoic


Pimenta Bueno Graben

Colorado Graben

(A) Taphrogenesis SW sector of the Amazonic Craton extension (B) Cacoal Formation deposition

(c)
(C) Koilogenesis: end of the rift phase Regional Subsidence: Furnas, Ponta Grossa, Pimenta Bueno, Fazenda da Casa Branca, Rio vila, Anari and Parecis formations deposition
Source: Bahia et al. (2007), modified from Siqueira, 1989

Parecis Basin Stratigraphic chart


Araguaia Fm. Parecis Fm. Anari Fm. Rio vila Fm.

Fazenda Casa Branca Fm.

Sag

Pimenta Bueno Fm.

Furnas Fm. and Ponta Grossa Fm. Cacoal Fm. Araras Gr. + Alto Paraguai Gr. Caiabis Gr. Basement: Amazon Craton Paleozoic Rift Ptz Sag Ptz Rift

Boletim de Geocincias da Petrobras, no.1, vol.8, 1994.

Parecis Basin Stratigraphic chart


Andean Orogeny Gondwanide Orogeny

Hercynian Orogeny Caledonian Orogeny

Boletim de Geocincias da Petrobras, no.1, vol.8, 1994.

Structural Framework
Three tectono-sedimentary domains
I. Western domain: Rondnia Sub-basin II. Central domain: Juruena Sub-basin II. Eastern domain: Alto Xingu Sub-domain

Source: Bahia et al. (2007) modified from Siqueira, 1989

Structural Framework

Platforms Pimenta Bueno Structural Low Rio Branco Structural High Colorado Structural Low

Geologic Map

Seismic and Geologic cross-section

Source: Teixeira, L. B. (2005)

Seismic and Geologic cross-section


Line 240-0071 Line 240-0073
I Proterozoic/EoPz II- SD/PC sequences III- PT/J/K sequences

Source: Teixeira, L. B. (2005)

Petroleum Systems

Source Rocks

PERMOCARBONIFEROUS

PERMO-CARBONIFEROUS Pimenta Bueno Fm.


Radioactive black shale

DEVONIAN

DEVONIAN Ponta Grossa Fm.


Radioactive black shale

NEOPROTEROZOIC
NEOPROTEROZOIC

RIFEAN/VENDIAN Alto Paraguai Gr.


Radioactive black shale
Schematic stratigraphic chart. Source: Petrobras (1994)

Araras Gr. Marl

Source Rocks

Possibility of oil maturation by burial (Neoproterozoic)

Gravimetric Data

Gravimetric map of the basin (Petrobras)

Top of the Ponta Grossa Fm.

Radioactive black shales

Top of the Ponta Grossa Fm. - 3D

Top of the Neoproterozoic - 3D

Top of the Neoproterozoic 3D

Top of the Ponta Grossa Fm. and the Neoproterozoic - 3D

Reservoir Rocks
PERMIAN

PERMIAN
Fazenda Casa Branca Fm. sandstones

PERMOCARBONIFEROUS

PERMO-CARBONIFEROUS
Pimenta Bueno Fm. sandstones

DEVONIAN

DEVONIAN
Furnas Fm. sandstones

NEOPROTEROZOIC

NEOPROTEROZOIC
Alto Paraguai Gr. sandstones Araras Gr. limestones
Schematic stratigraphic chart. Source: Petrobras (1994)

Seal Rocks
PERMIAN

PERMIAN
Fazenda Casa Branca Fm. shales

DEVONIAN

PERMOPERMOCARBONIFEROUS

DEVONIAN
Ponta Grossa Fm. shales

NEOPROTEROZOIC

NEOPROTEROZOIC
Alto Paraguai Gr. shales Araras Gr. evaporites
Schematic stratigraphic chart. Source: Petrobras (1994)

Petroleum Systems

Oil seep at Mirassol dOeste town (Nogueira et al., 2001) Macro and Micro gas seeps at Salto Magessi associated with 13 C values varying from -50 to -36

Presence of an active petroleum system with thermogenic generation

Oil seep at Mirassol DOeste


Location map

Oil seep at Mirassol DOeste

Carbonatic rocks of the Araras Gr. impregnated with oil Samples collected at Terconi quarry (2002)

Images kindly given by Prof. Carlos Alvarenga

Oil seep at Mirassol dOeste


Gas chromatography analysis: slight biodegradation. Partial absense of n-alcane pattern. Abundant compounds. Abundance of NOS compounds concentration.
8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 Time-->

NSO COMPOUNDS
10.00 20.00 30.00 40.00 50.00 60.00 70.00 80.00 90.00

1,4-Dimeada (trans) *

1,3,4-Trimeada (cis)

1,3,4-Trimeada (trans)

1,4-Dimeada (cis) *

1,3,5-Trimeada

1,3,6-Trimeada

-20.0

1,2-Dimeada *

Adamantane

1-Meada

1,3-Dimeada

2-Meada

1,2,5,7-Tetrameada

Mirassol (AHD2201)

CSIA-D data showing correlation with Saudi Arabian and Argelian Paleozoic oils

-22.0

Silurian Saudi Arabia

-24.0

Silurian Saudi Arabia

Axis Title

-26.0 Devonian Algeria -28.0 Devonian Algeria -30.0 PreCambrian Oman -32.0 PreCambrian Oman

Images kindly given by HRT Company

-34.0

Offered Blocks

Offered Blocks

Total area:
PRC-T-105 PRC-T-104 PRC-T-106

14,025.97 km

6 exploratory blocks on the western region of the Parecis Basin


PRC-T-121 PRC-T-122 PRC-T-123

Minimum Bonus

Programa Exploratrio Mnimo


Sector Name Exploratory Class Number of Blocks Total Bid Area Mean Block Area Exploration Phase Exploratory Period Operator Technical Qualification Minimum Bonus Minimum Target SPRC-L New Frontier 6 14,025.97 km ~ 2,400 km 6 years 4 + 2 anos C R$ 65,000.00 to R$ 130,000.00 Pimenta Bueno Formation (Carboniferous)

Final Remarks

Final Remarks
New Frontier Basin still poorly investigated, but promising due to strong gas seeps (Teles Pires river, at Salto Magessi) and to the occurrence of hydrocarbons in outcrops of the Neoproterozoic Araras Formation (Mirassol D`Oeste, ~ 100 km south of the SW border of the basin). The Proterozoic outcrops can be found around the basin. The presence of these sediments also in the 2-SM-0001-MT well shows that the basin evolution started with an intracratonic rift and evolved consequently to a thermal sag type. The Parecis Basin hydrocarbon generation has a thermogenic origin >>> ACTIVE petroleum system. The exploration history shows that these activities ceased after the Emenda Constitucional n 9, 1995.

Teles Pires river gas seep

Bolvar da Silva Haeser bhaeser@anp.gov.br Marcos Andr Rodrigues Alves maalves@anp.gov.br Marina Abelha Ferreira maferreira@anp.gov.br

www.brasil-rounds.gov.br