Sei sulla pagina 1di 2

1. What is the capital of the USA? Where is it? Washington D.C/ in the Atlantic Coast (belongs to no state) 2.

Explain the term federal republic government. Federal: having a system of government in which the individual states of a country have control over their own affairs, but are controlled by a central government for national decisions. Republic: a country that is governed by a president and politicians selected by the people with no king or queen. 3. What colony was founded by the English Pilgrims/ Puritans in 1602? Plymouth 4. What was the reaction by England to the Boston Tea Party? They ordered Boston harbour closed. 5. Where were the first shots of the American Revolution fired, marking the beginning of armed resistance by colonists to British rule? Lexington 6. After British defeat at Saratoga, what country came into the war on the American side? French 7. What did the North oppose for moral reasons while the South relied in it for its economic? Slavery 8. What final event triggered the secession of states from the Union? Election of Lincoln 9. What was the name of the federal government of the United States during the civil war? The Union 10. Who was the main author of the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson 11. Who was the commander of the Continental/ Colony Army during the Revolutionary War? George Washington 12. Name the three major branches of the federal government as described in the Constitution? The Judicial, the Legislative, the Executive 13. Describe briefly the laissez-faire economic policy in the decades of the Industrial Revolution. The government should leave businesses alone. 14. What was banned in the period called Prohibition from 1920 to 1933? Alcohol 15. What foreign policy approach did the U.S. take during the initial years of World War I? Neutrality/ Isolationism 16. In 1917, which major power/ country entered the World War I? United States 17. Which nations actions led the U.S to abandon its neutrality and join World War I? Germany 18. Name the official agreement that ended the World War I. Treaty of Versailles 19. Name the organization setup right after World War I to help nations settle disputes peacefully. League of Nations 20. When was the most famous and disastrous stock market crash of the 20th Century, leading to Great Depression? 1929 21. Name the US president who approved the use of the atomic bombs against Japan in 1945. Harry S. Truman 22. What is the name of the bombing of the naval base in Hawaii by Japan in 1941 that forced the US to enter World War II?

Pearl Harbor Attack 23. Nations of Germany, Italy and Japan who formed a military alliance were called: ___ Axis Powers 24. Nations (Britain, France, Soviet Union & US) that fought against the Axis powers were called: ___? Allied Nations 25. Among the three major Axis powers, which country was the first to surrender to the Allies? Italy 26. Which president resigned from office due to Watergate incident in the 1970s? Richard Nixon