Sei sulla pagina 1di 11

H&T YSLJffiE h€#EJSffi

lfi/rT+*

SalahE4g

By John I. Yellott*

qrIIE SOLAR HOUSE, a topic of con-

versation for many years, is now a

I

practical reality. If you live in a sunny

region and your house has several hun-

feet of south-facing roof or

dred square

wall area which is

winter days,

you can make direct use of the sun to

free from shade on

there's a good chance that

supply most of the heat needed for your

comfort and domestic hot water suppiy.

In the past, solar-heated

systems were

too expensive for use in any but

southern

latitudes. Today, thanks to

new materials and

considering as far north as Boston'

ideas, they are worth

i,T"i,"T"i,'f"'i

now renders

106

l'" "l&""i

,'l"",xi'J9;'",1:ifj':#i,"'fJl"3l

in the neld ol

mechanlral

i3'1t"'t"1",i;

enginerlDg

mn8ultlna 8€rlce8

The amount of solar energy whieh is

available

widely with

during the winter varies

latitudes, altitude and par-

the degree of cloudiness

During the winter, there is

energy over most of

amount reach-

is measured

o{ the U. S.

ticularly with

prevailing.

plenty of solar

North America and the

ing horizontal surfaces

daily

at some 90 stations

and Canadian Weather Bureaus. Ac-

tual hours of sunshine per day and per-

centage of possible sunny hours are re-

for 180 locations. For instance,

in the month of January, when most

corded

people are concerned

with heating no

Mechaaix TlIustrated

matter where they live, sunshine varied

from

eight

per cent of the possible hours

Oregon, to ?9 per cent in

Your local Weather

in Roseburg,

Pueblo,

Colorado.

Bureau can give you the data for your

and annual sum-

purchased from the

own area.

Monthly

of

maries can be

Superintendent

ernment

D. C., for

"Climatological Data, National Sum-

Docurnents, Gov-

Washington,

Printing Office,

$4

per year,

under the title,

mary.tt

The principles of solar

simple.

ment

nual

heating are

equip-

The trick is to install the

at a cost so low that

the total an-

eost of owning it and whatever

equipment

is needed to ensure

performanee is less

auxiliary

good year-round

than the cost of doing the entire heating job bv conventional methods.

All solar

heating

systems

use some

version of the

greenhouse

eftect. The

energy

which comes to us from the sun

is in the forsr of relatively short waves.

These waves pass

nary

materials. If

window

freely

through ordi-

plastic

and many

the rays fall on non-re-

glass

as rugs, draperies

they are absorbed and

the sun-warmed surfaces in turn emit

long-wave heat

and furniture,

flective surfaces such

rays which are trapped

beneath the glazing.

A solar heating

major parts.

system requires three

is some form of

The first

collector which catches the sun's heat

and transfers it

which carries it

some means

to a fluid (water or air)

away. The second is

the heat when the

of storing

sun sets or is

shut off by clouds. The

third is a method by which the stored

SCHEMAflC LAYOITT ol MI rorch-ty1r solce house.

UPPER PAI{EIS

cortteT llEAr fon ilousE

LOWEN PAilTTS

COLL€CT HEIT FOt TITTB

r[0Ar-TYPr ilr vfilTs

ron Dnalna8t As sarE-

8UAn0 tSAilrSI rrEEZ$I3

HETDIT

PIPES

TUO-STTSE IITNUOSTAT

c00r rrTrn n[rurI

ll0T wlT[n

FEEO

r00-81t. txPAilstoit

!0calto

Ttilf,

lil8H ll{ ilousE

rO BATAIICE TATER SYSTTil

CARPOnI OR

IUIITIIRI FUR'IACE

lil

Ultftt sul{ ls ilDDEil

CUIS

TAHI( BUNIED BEIOU FNOST IIXE

IIFfERfftTlAl

lltfRt0sttT olt

c0tt[cr0n sntP

BoilTB0ts PUUP t

l0tnEn sf,is0R

tT tx0 0F

IIITAIE PIPf)

rO

'AUCEIS

r00-8tt. Tilrt

(llrslot lr0llsr)

AUIlIIANY

IIIAT

It[ Hor flTtR PrPts ilrsuurto

PUilP 1 CInCULATES C00t tlTEn

TlllouGil cottEBT0ts fon ttBntilE

PUIIIP 2 PULIS

OT STORAEE TAIIf,,

'IOT

UATTR FNOX TOP

DISTNISUIES

II

TIIROUEII AUXITIANY fURIIAGE

3' FtStRgtAS DtSUtATtoil An0uil!

400-641. ilATER SrorASt rril

7A7

il

Ir

lif

ilr

lr

ii,

":]

,il

iil

L

ii

ri

i

heat can be made available to warm the

house.

Collectors consist of

three main ele-

traps the

heit:

the

the

absorbs'

ments: the glazing, which

sun's rays and helps retain the

\lackened

surface,

transfers

heat and

be conducted

which prevents

which

it to water or air to

away; and the insulefio;.

the collected heat from

being

For

wasted.

the glazing,

glass

has excellent

buy and

n"-

risht

propefiies-

i*411

but is expensive to

and is

subjecl to breakage.

films

with thi

cently,

optical properties and the abilitv"to

plastic

withstand the

Mylar,

able

t\iq\.

effects of weather ani th"

rays have become

by

Du

among these is

Pontind avail-

rolls, .005-inch

requirements

sun's ultra-violet

available. Promineni

produced

in

Thu

#-inch-wide

tryg principal

which plastic

films must meet are resist-

an^ce to

infra-red

_weathering

rays: The

and

price

opaqueness to o-f srich film is

rajr.i*.-d€,*

+

the same

range

as

glass. However.

is much

less

and

the cost of installation

the

design of the collector i";";h;;;;

flexible.

-For

the collection surface

Copper

"rd

below

the

glazin_g, Revere

B;;;-C";:

of making

straiEhi

or. irr"t

T"i;:

*ittr

pany has.developed

sheets

tubes which

of

itself:. Called

a means

copper containing

are

integral

witlithe shEet

this ma_

to 42

Tube-In-Strip,

in

terial is available

inct'es with

in diameter.

widtG'up

",

tubes as large

Revere carisupply

up

to

lf

ieet

I-n-Strlp in lengths

the

tubes

already inflated, or in rolls

feet long which can be job.

several hundred

in-flated on the

For the insulation in the collector.

ro_ck wool

job.

ale

Other

or Fiberglas will do " nood

tytrles

of

reflective insulition inexpensive and

Fiberelas. for

nron_

also relatively

effective.

Foil-enclosed

example, has excellent insulati6n

erties.

The new foamed materials aie

Phob @urtsJ Scl@tr Setrl@

MIT. SOtAn HOUSE crt

ton, Mces., hor 640

ol

Lexing-

eq. fl. cneg

colleclorg, iB lirsl designod

tor ftrmily ia ct uorlhern climate.

SI

also fine insulators and in some appli-

cations-they have enough strength

used as supports

Good insuiation

to be

for the entire collector'

is primarily a matter of

-T

I

i

14t

I

I

PLAI{ Of MI'c sol<rr tousa. Rosf

<mgle lclrs cdvcmlage

ol lorP

posirioa ol the sun fur wiater.

I

,utlE 2{

\ zrrtrn

p&{ 1te*"

l ".

I r{001r

,}

r

protecting the edges

!t

""ir "tia

of the collector

guardiig against heat loss

Page 111 shows an

from connecting PiPes.

the drawing ort

//

/i /i

I 1'

sul{'s

iii

i

ll

,ll

li

ill

ilt'

'ii

HOW THE SUN SITPPIIES he<rt cmd hot water lo cr home'

c0lttcTon

Ex?listof, Tlilr

Tto-PoslTroil IIEnH0STAT

TUTITIANY $ilTEI

cuTs ilt wIEil

8[0u0s ouEftctsr

ltElilI{e GolL

$0t wtTER

*llJ

;.T.q,.--

'*

nsulc

coolEtr wtrEB

HOT WATER collection

Ior wcna air distibuEon

system desigmed

lhrough bouso.

exploded view of a collector used in a

solar house which was recently

Phoenix, Arizona. To

built in

obtain the de-

sired temperature rise, the water makes

three

passes through the collector plate

before going

on to the next unit. Stand-

ard copper return bends are used. T\vo

serve as the heat

layers of Mylar

trap.

Dacron

film

fiber,

also

made bv

Du,Pont, does the insulating.

The storage

of heat collectdd from the

sun's radiation can be done in several

IayF: Most common is the "specific

heat" method in which some flr]id or

solid substance is heated durinE the dav and allowed to give off its excei heat at

night

Water has a higher specific heat

of BTU's-BritisL

Thermal

(number

Units-needed to raise

g!

Fahr-enhelt)

which might

Water

can

foot for each

the temperature

one-

other

degree

{uid

- one pound through

_than

an!

be used in solar collectors.

store 62.4 BTU's per cubic

degree change

oftempera-

specific

-lower

ture. Most solid materi"ls have

heats which are several times

than water's; a cylinder of rocks or

broken concrete, with 30 per cent empty

sp?ce, can

store only about 26 BTTf's per

low-pressure

and

cubic foot per degree,

Water storage tanks for

serviee are

they can be buried fai

relatively inexpeniive

""o"ift

t

to* tlu

surface of the earth so

that freezing is

or similar

blankets make satisfactory insulating

not a problem. Glass wool

TYLAF fI[T

STNEICIIEO TIGIIT

TOETAILEO A4's

COPPEN TUBE.III-STRIP

PAITITED

BLICT

Ylrtllry FELT

/!'r,2'

kJ"y,

.</

a.-.

_4G:

'g:x

UAPON BANN]ER

Ifils fAcE

I'x6'R0oflile 80AR0S

FOITCLAII

(t'

THlcf,, fii'

F'BENGLIS

utoE EtTrsl

COLI"ECTORS employed ia lhe MI house rncke use ol Mylcr Iilln lor the gl<rzing.

i

k

---

c00[ rAttt ti

rflsuLtTt0lt

IilliltlIEs

H$fi 0r

SottEcTtD

IIEII

stcil0il lllnou8H cottEcror

COP?EN

IUB[

atufrxur snEtt

Iilo SllEtts

0r ilYLtn

tutt-til€TnrP

PilX?Eo ltlcl

---> [0f yttln 0w

4g

fi

TIE IX

IIEAOEI

IOUVEI-TYPE COttECTOn used tr a solctr house necn Phoenix, Atizonc, lollows sun.

coverings. Disadvantages of water stor-

age systems

Water has tlre advantage of cheaoness

are rusting, leakage, etc.

and availability, as well as quick re-

heat is needed. "Cold"

sponse u'hen

can be stored in the form of chilled

water at temperature down to the freez-

The power required to pump

ing point.

water is usually

less than that needed

to move an equal amount of heat in the

form of warrn air.

Heat distribution in solar houses is

generally

or radiant

accomplished with warm air

systems, since these work

well with water or air at temperatures

eonveniently and

efficiently with solar heat collection and

which can be reached

storage systems.

Any

solar house heating system must

have some form of auxiliary heat sup-

ply

to carry over long periods of cloudy

storage system should

winter days. The

be designed to hold enough heat for

one or two nights.

It

is usually

not feasible to try to store heat for

much longer fConti.nued on page 154]

April,1959

BASTC PRNCIPLE

ol soku hecrting. The

lubes ccnry hecrted lluid lo slor<rge lcurk.

111

Solar En

lContinued. frcm page ILL)

lenglh of the

is

titcen of

Mth;;;b;

periods with the

When better

veloped, it

miy

for

summer heat

methods available today.

storage_

e*'ei be

systems

possible

are

winter use

for

or

use in

pngcific

south-facing

roof,

d;-

to store ;d

advantage

,ro?h. The

o,'

th" r""iitt"i l&rr'i"ul]rrist"ip

obtained

in

rolls which

"-

to store are serleral

summer.

hundrJi;;t;]""4;.

Loo*

f."u"

the winter's cold

Today,.with

only the

The proposed

heat

storage carport]wii"

ry"it

etrd

l0g

o,r page

lank

6"iroo*

of

at the

t

are also located at the

fo" two "ars.-is

-;;

il;'Jt#

methodatourdisposal,itip4rlchcheap6r

to

provide

an

auxiliary fuel-burning-

to make a water

electric heater than

big

ments,

Sinee the

the h;;;;:

"tto"gtr

sho*,itt"

."a

tatfr

it"l";;d;hJ#"'t."

it;-;o-tirr-

looks to the

-!h"".

"f

."p""""-

"tta

tn"

o"tio-o.o-

the suinmer-but

no"a

ir*o

ttru

enough to store a week's heat require- west end of the ho.rr" \ilhite

auiiliar-y

only

just

he_ater is intended to

per

year,

it

the

a few hours

as little as possible;

tion

living-and-dining room

thr"ough

;

;i;"

the house

sguth

The roof of

vide the

States, where cooling

as important

is

as

opergle for

should cost

cost of the fuel which it will burn is rela- allow the low

tive-ly urrimportant. In the southern

of the Urftted

shade needed in

winter

sun to

part living room and provide *o"i-oi-th" h."t

irthe

winter

leeded

to keep

tlie house

warrn

durinj the

Feb-

daytime from November through

consist of t'relve

panels

157s i"cheJ-id{

long,

each con-

summer is just

heating,

the heat pumb

an excellent ruary.

air-to-air

auxiliary

winJer heatei. The

The collectors

heat

can work effectively with

pumplwhieh-are now on the

In northern

air

conditioning

or

problem.

market oj.gopp9r Tube-In-Strip,

solar air heating

or high

is

lo-

not

.040 inches thick and 4dfeet

taining

or water systems.

cations, where

three half-inch outside diameter

slope

tubes six inches on centers. The

set at 30o for best average

sun and the collecto"s

into the roof so that full

of

south side of the house is

needed, a simple oil-burner

ing fiieplace may well be

auxiliary_heat supply

Controls of some

start tlre

circulating

wJod-burn- the roof on the

when taken

qualities.

lleat

gallon

carport

the answer to the

to

-ate

exposure to the

built

directly

can be

kind are necessary

pumps or fans

enough

advantage

of their insulating and waterproofing

by

a 2,000-

the collectors are hot

water

them.

to warm the

through

tile

or air which circulates

storage is provided

When the sun moves toward

tank, buried on the southlside of the '

well below the

frost level and in-

wrapping of

which

leads

west in

the late afternoon, or when 4

of the sunshine,

to

heavy cloud cuts ofi most

the pump or fan should be stopped.

sulated with a three-inch

Some Fiberglas. The pipe trench

tell the from the tank into the

the

sim-

of freezing. An

kind of thermostat is needed

heat distribution system when

heat into

the house. fn general,

system is

buy

thJbest

plest control

cost less to

room is

to caruy aiso rvell insulated to eliminate the danger

equipment

gxpansion tank (100-g;l-

in

the attic space

in volume of the

since it will

freezing is

'oo"r"ott

a

by

"

or by using

to

lon capacity) is located

to take care of the change

'ivater in the storage lectors'

and maintain.

systems,

be

For water-filled

tank and in the col-

consists of a

with a maxi-

per

p,roblem which must

draining the collectors at night

a closed system

assure

with

The agx_ilialy heat supply

gas or oil-fired water heater

mum eapacity

heater

enough anti-freeze

safe operation.

of 50,000 BTU's

hour.

in the equiirment

An endless variety of solar-heated fhe

houses can be envisoned

designer

shown

but the

by an ingenious

residence

espe-

Here,

ranch-style

in this article

was planned

cially {5r

water has

MI reader information.

been selected to collect and store

the solar heat and a radiant

to

By

carry

is located

room with its vent line

above the roof of

extending well

The walls

of the equipment room should be insulated

the carport.

as effectively as the other walls of the

house and ample provision should be made

supplying

radiant heating

system is use.d for

combustion air to the heater.

system

is proposed, with copper or wroright iron

the sun's warmth into the house.

A conveniional

running the collectors along the full

ts4

ApriI, 1959

iri?.'l,"riri"

warm watei

Th;;;i;;i"g

r"o*

p"*p att*t

the main collector circuit is then pro-

float-tvoe

ihe

air vent which

system

will

out untii

is full. of

stops'

vent

piessure from the

the

will

on

tr'!*"'ili"iJl',,i;h;;

;;d;;;h;

ti""J

;1"" ;;il

;;;J;

ipen,

"i"

the thermostat

through

ing

to supply

calls for heat and

pumps it

tt"tt-

the

auxiliaryl";;;;

the

water'i;;

irrlo it *

attd undela slight

il;t

;ll

When

-th"-pump

grid. If

*t"t"-""ot'gr'

of

wil furn the

h.eat,

h

t",

drop off and the iir

the necessarv

stage of th"

suoply

amsunt

ti;;;;Jat

allowing

back

th1 water in the collectors

into the storage

tank' Anti-

water would be

to this prob-lem but

second

t.1h;^;;;iiLry

prorrif" araln

p"*p

;h;;

than the

ti;; ;t";;;;

i".*" fl;*

;;

""

on the fuel

which will add the necessary

rise to the water. The must be taken to

heating system, to

The operation is controlled by

"g;

usual

il"

temperature

precautio-ns

tf tn"

;ii""l

hnes,

f"- 2,000 gallons of

sol*ution

it

""pu""i"e

is

not impractical

".tiectors,

to use a closed circuit

since they

fluid'

contain only

etc. i"" tti-

The collected heat

could tfien be transferred to the main body

the storage tank bv means of

o{ the soiar heat

the

""fi""tt-

t;;;;;;

*"r*u"

collectors u iuw g.llotts of

(Pump

dt;

;"i-

ti *.t""

water another

tf,t" and

in

1) which must be

iJ"t"r'pr""t,

"i

tir"-l"ttom

"r"

of

turned

off when th"

heat exchanger'

to the

{rawlnq

tank

Returning

showt in tlie

use of

collectors, the design

on page 110 makes

;;;il;;?;ooiut

iilJ'iit"i,.'A;6i"iimeclockisnotsuffi-

;;;"r,1;;

t;-;;;1ff-i"."-irr"

uml.

pumrc on

t"ll-th"

bv

and off at pre-set

numo to stop when

a"J""""ot

th; il

it obt""t"d

i-rh[*"";1id:"

X'ilfi;;,,tial

immersed in the

with one bulb

level of the pump

but

"orriioi

a sinsle

materials

which are now commer-

cially available. Starting from the bottom '

t'p,

zii'"

panels are support-ed on

deck

-ih".collector.

*tti"tt

are toenailed to the

running

roof.

along

The

roof

the south

insulatlon ls

the"*ostat o,, ro-i""it centers

tank

tlre tft"

a_t

."a

*akes

io

ttt"

exposure

tiJ"a"ta

of

the

ir[f."

foil-enclosed Fiberglas which rs

Fiberglas

other attached to a

an excellent

;;i;;;;;i

"ri""tio"

available from Owens-Corning

cttp''i"

""J'i"

thicknesses

*iaths of

of two or

exp"e-n;;;;"ffii;tt

A

"o*p"o*ise

three inches

p"otf"*.

is to use

itr

panel

iubes.

pro-

witer,

15, 19--or 23 i-nclrep' The

three-inch thickness will cost slightly more

make-on-ris;-th;t;;;"1-*iiir

;;;;Uto

t*o

"

"ttt""tor

water

of the

i;"bright;";;;[

tf,e

to

;;ii";;;il;

thanthethinnermaterialbuttheimproved

insulating

ttt.

quality-

wldth

justifies

will

the

iS-ii"h

the

which it can be tacked bv means

fit between

.difference

2x4's, to

The insulation

the

vlpot-

dead

should be

barier dousn-

air spaces

be-

foil

and the upper

after

being

The

midway between

When

the sunshin"

;iil;h;"h;i"""affi.-*.r*

the oanel temperature

ifi

ffil";;;i;il;"i;d"

low in

the sun is

6i.ity

;;a

"fi

;if#;

["fo*

will

mentation

;;;;il

L.

""tl

rt

will be well over of the flanges.

;;

it'ick or

*ilt

""ol

installed

*";d,

t*"""

and

the

'iitt'

th.;;y;l;;;";;i

th"

,".rtf."6

with the

-

copper

temperatur"

experi-

the

cor-

should

i;;t'-

fiO a"erees. Som6

be

to find

"""j"a

th";;;;i"i

i"tttli

surface of the insulation.

ih" ,rrtt-

The copp_er-Tube-In-Strip,

ir,fl"ted,

i"iti

l"

l$r,/6

will

expand

uid

uf*rri"f'^ii;

*iii

u"

inehes wide'

tt"ipt"i-lt

inex- tttlpt

;;

when they are heated

are no-t fastened instead'' are held

loss

of felt

will be

pensive.thermometeis'i"1fr"

and the

collector

;;il;-

th;;;;t"t"

the lines

svstem-

ifiil;;;r-*iit

*ft*f.irg

*hottid-ul"o

leading to and

Pressure gauges

pump^outlet

bi*ittt

so they

ton'rt to the 2x4's but'

J;*"

by wooden

one

be installed on

battens' one-half inch

inch wide' To provide in-

{rom the radiant thick and

on

the outlets

valuable

in of

suhtion

tr.*

**"

collectors f,iJa".

side

which will minimize heat

-

iir"-f."""

trt" edges of the coppgr, strips

"."d.

Cbout

tt r-ilS.h

of copper

system operation.

of

both

the

main

proteition

th" hot

is

"rrd

freezing.

under the nailing strips on each

and sleeves'

on' page t58]

water heater panels against

particularly

important. 9t*

"fi-"I

eircuit

through

of the panel'

The three

tubes in each panel will be

"]"1,11_:^f^.t11*

'r'o

al-

;;;;"";;;li;il;ilr"ir^i"'".""""t

iillp"""ir"i"i.-ilt"

ft;6;i;

irt"

r""i"

collector

*"i"t

ao*"#" ttot

connected in series,bV copper return bends

lContinued

Whet Ansuerdng Aduertisements' Please bIe*tion MECHANIX ILLUSTRATED

l'5'5

t

r

I

a I

F

I

I

I

I

PtAit$ Fon lbl00il tAt{$

This detoiled, l8-incb STANIEY

STEA,IEk model con be fitted

with c working sleom engine.

tr

a't

1tt

Conponenls of its oll-bross body

ore

ossembled by soldering.

Commonly called the Stinson "Gull," lhe RELIANT knifes

through lhe oir like o true bird. It hos o 3l-inch wingspon and con toke o .19 fo o .49 engine.

Free-turning rolor blodes over o

convenlionol engine ond pro-

peller enoble lhe GYRO SKIPPER lo be flown os o free-flighl model

or lo

climb in o

lighr spirol.

Send

PIm Seryice, FawcAtt

!0d

{or

each

plan

ordered to Mehanix llluskated Buildins. Crenwich- Conneticut_

plans

I huTe checked

I

am enclosing

Pleue

se.nd,.me the

the required, amount.

tr,

n

fl

STA,NLEY STEAMER -

silNsoN REilANT

GYRO SKIPPER

No.

No.384

No.

M-247

244

I am

also enclosing

containing pictures

I$AME

lO4 lor your latest and. d.escriptiore

MI Plans Catalop

ol

j32

ptans.

f)

ADDBESS

CttY ,.,.

.,

ZONE

NO

Solar Energry

lContinued. from page LSS}

low proper drainage and air venting, the

iniet in each case

will be at the loweiiube

which will be on the east

An inlet header will run

insulated box which forms the east end of

the collector and an

upv/ard in the

side of the roof.

outlet header will run

along the west end. the main collector

minute, or

downward in the box

The water flow should be about

through

10 gallons per

one gpm per panel, and this flow rate

should resllt in a pressure

two

pounds per square inch

circuit.

drop of about across each

The total area of the collector will be

about 640 square feet, of

ryate_tp'615

which will

which approxi-

copp6i. This

should be painted with a dull black paint

square feet will be

absorb as much solar erierEv

as possible and will not flake ofi. A satls-

fact-ory paint is Solar

Farboil Paint Co. of Baltimore. The 2x4's which support the copper strips will not

so they do not need paint-

The edges of the Yzxl-inch nailing

strips will

painted black.

see the sun and they are also

Black, rilade by the

see the sun and

ing.

The glazing recommended is

Mylar film,

.005 inches.thick, which is available in

a

special weatherable grade from Du Pont.

The Mylar not only

traps the solar heat

It

but also makes the colleCtor watertisht.

must be instalied with care. fhi' fitm

should be

dratvn as tight as possible so that

sinee this will

it will not flap in the wind,

shorten its

life. A caulking material such

as Vulcatex, made

Long Island

used betr,r'een

City,

the

by

A. C. Horn Co. of

York, should be

and the wooden

New

Myiar

0r aluminum retaining

strips.

Solar energy is now at work in a two-

story, three-bedroom house

Mass. Designed and built under the direc-

at Lexington,

tion of Masiachusetts Institute of Tech-

nology engineers and architects, the house

receives ?5 to 80 per cent

heat by utilizing 640 square feet of collec-

Water ireated in the collectors i.s

of its necessary

tor area.

stored in

From there, it

a 1,500-gallon basement tank.

is pumped through a heat

exchanger which

supplies warm air to the

rooms. When there is a succession of

cloudy days, a small

takes over. This house, shown on page

auxiliary oil furnace

lConti,nued, on page 172f

April, 1959

fContinued. from page L6Af

woodworker's

io!s.

fomg

Ip th9

will be set for

then

want to

in-

speeial

tricky.

with a

wh;;

clamns

clamp-fits to

quite

clothespins.

C-clamps

a claryp you will find that

-clam_p) -y_oq

jobs.

You'll

are simple, some

ordinary rubber

"i*p".

few gluing

jigs.

b;G;.;;dc"-

most