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The Mental Health & Social Care Current Awareness Bulletin is produced at

Essex Public Health Resource Unit Library

is produced at Essex Public Health Resource Unit Library on behalf of the East of England

on behalf of the

East of England Health Libraries Network: EoEHLN

of the East of England Health Libraries Network: EoEHLN The bulletin is also available online at
of the East of England Health Libraries Network: EoEHLN The bulletin is also available online at
of the East of England Health Libraries Network: EoEHLN The bulletin is also available online at

The bulletin is also available online at the sites below

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Addictions Anxiety Dementia Depression Dual Diagnosis Eating Disorders Forensic Psychiatry Learning Disabilities
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Traumatic Stress Psychology Schizophrenia Social Work For further information on the bulletin contact:

For further information on the bulletin contact:

mary.edmans@nhs.net

Social Work For further information on the bulletin contact: mary.edmans@nhs.net EoEHLN/MHCA/No.323/7.11.11 1

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News from all corners of the world

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Department of Health

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investment in Mental Health Services back to CONTENTS LINKS Regional News More than 1,000 children in

Regional News

More than 1,000 children in care in Norfolk The number of children in care has hit another heartbreaking milestone in Norfolk, with more than 1,000 of the county’s youngsters now separated from their families

Consultation: on Peterborough and Cambridgeshire mental health plans A PROPOSED major shake-up in mental health services in Peterborough and Cambridgeshire could see fewer services provided in hospital and more pre-emptive action in the community

Experts called in to help city improve child social care EXPERTS have been called in to help Peterborough City Council after a damning report into its children’s services

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National Newsinto its children’s services back to CONTENTS LINKS Charities 'should take mental health care co-ordinator

Charities 'should take mental health care co-ordinator role' The co-ordination of mental healthcare for users should be outsourced from social workers and NHS colleagues to the third sector to improve the independence and creativity of support

Hike in number of rough sleepers with mental health problems Increasing numbers of people with mental health problems are sleeping rough due to cuts to mental health services, homelessness outreach workers have warned

Government publishes 'crude' adoption league tables The government has published league tables which, for the first time, rank local authorities on how quickly they are placing children for adoption

'Unfinished care revolution' lets disadvantaged groups down The "unfinished revolution" of care in the community has failed the most disadvantaged people in society, according to a report

Inquiry launched poor outcomes for people with schizophrenia An inquiry into why outcomes for people with schizophrenia remain so poor has been launched today, 100 years after the illness was identified

Children in care to gain savings head start Children who have been looked-after for more than one year are to be given individual savings accounts, each with an initial payment of £200, the Department for Education announced

Social workers criticise quality of work by guardians Social workers say their relationship with court guardians is close to breaking point and having a direct impact on their ability to support and protect children

New report shows success of Mental Health First Aid (Wales) New research by Mind Cymru and the University of Glamorgan demonstrates the positive difference that the Mental Health First Aid training course is making in Wales

Mental health organisations welcome announcement of depression incentives for GPs The leaders of 10 UK mental health organisations said today, commenting on the changes to the quality and outcomes framework (QOF) agreed by the NHS Employers and the General Practitioners Committee effective from 1 April 2012

Borderline personality disorder (BPD): review proposal consultation NICE: A review is being undertaken to decide whether CG78 should be updated. Registered stakeholders for this guideline are invited to comment on the provisional review decision via this website

High social work caseloads blamed for council failings The man brought in to turn around children's social care in Kent has said that high caseloads were a significant reason why the council's services were deemed inadequate by Ofsted last December.

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International News  

International News

 

Experts Design 'Toolkit' to Help Spot Teens With Mental Health Issues Many adolescents with problems are never diagnosed or treated, they say

Dementia Costs Europe 189 Billion Euros A Year New research from Oxford University in England estimates the total cost of dementia across 15 western European countries in 2007 was €189 (£165) billion, most of which is made up of unpaid care from family and friends

Ask teen patients about drug, alcohol use: doctors Doctors should be asking adolescents about their drug and alcohol use at every visit and screening for any signs of dependence or addiction, the American Academy of Pediatrics said today in a new policy statement

Abuse of painkillers reaches 'epidemic' levels in US Abuse of prescription painkiller have reached "epidemic" levels in the US, a government report says

A Dutch psychologist has admitted making up data and faking research over many years in

studies which were then published in peer-reviewed scientific journals

Could An Effective Treatment For Addiction Be On The Horizon? Portuguese researchers have discovered that rats exposed before birth to glucocorticoids (GC) not only show several brain abnormalities similar to those found in addicts, but become themselves susceptible to addiction

A report published yesterday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention revealed that,

every 15 minutes an individual in the U.S. dies as a result of suicide

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Psychological characteristics, stressful life events and deliberate self-harm: findings from the Child & Adolescent Self-harm in Europe (CASE) Study There is evidence to suggest that both psychological characteristics and stressful life events are contributory factors in deliberate self-harm among young people

Addictions  

Addictions

 

Substance abuse, alcoholism,

How Cannabis Causes 'Cognitive Chaos' in the Brain Cannabis use is associated with disturbances in concentration and memory

Cannabis, schizophrenia and other non-affective psychoses: 35 years of follow-up of a population-based cohort There is now strong evidence that cannabis use increases the risk of psychoses including schizophrenia, but the relationship between cannabis and different psychotic disorders, as well as the mechanisms, are poorly known

Interventions targeting substance abuse among women survivors of intimate partner abuse: A meta-analysis In this article, meta-analytic techniques are used to examine existing intervention studies to determine their effects on substance abuse among female samples of intimate partner abuse survivors

Anxiety Disordersamong female samples of intimate partner abuse survivors Differentiating High-Functioning Autism and Social Phobia

Differentiating High-Functioning Autism and Social Phobia Both high-functioning autism (HFA) and social phobia (SP) involve profound social interaction deficits. Although these disorders share some similar symptoms, they are conceptualized as distinct

Long-Term Effects of Short-Term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and Cognitive- Behavioural Therapy in Generalized Anxiety Disorder: 12-Month Follow-Up In a previous randomized controlled trial, short-term efficacy of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy (STPP) in generalized anxiety disorder was demonstrated. In this article, long-term stability of these effects will be examined. Effects of CBT and STPP will be compared

Personality subtypes in adolescents with panic disorder This study examined personality subtypes of adolescents diagnosed with Panic Disorder

Dementia  

Dementia

 

Alzheimer’s

Rosiglitazone and Pioglitazone for the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease To review the literature on the efficacy and safety of rosiglitazone and pioglitazone for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease

Some People With Alzheimer's Take Conflicting Drugs Common medications might block action of dementia drugs like Aricept

Surprising New Findings Contradict Dominant Theory In Alzheimer's Disease For decades the amyloid hypothesis has dominated the research field in Alzheimer's disease

Pathogenic protein seeding in alzheimer disease and other neurodegenerative disorders The misfolding and aggregation of specific proteins is a seminal occurrence in a remarkable variety of neurodegenerative disorders

People With Dementia Less Likely To Return Home After Stroke New research shows people with dementia who have a stroke are more likely to become disabled and not return home compared to people who didn't have dementia at the time they had a stroke

Treatment of Dementia with Lewy Bodies and Parkinson's Disease Dementia Parkinson's disease dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies account for 1015% of late onset dementias

Depression  

Depression

 

Bipolar disorders

Predictors of long-term prognosis of depression Many people with depression experience repeated episodes. Previous research into the predictors of chronic depression has focused primarily on the clinical features of the disease

New Approach To Study Depression May Lead To New Marker For Risk Scientists at the Texas Biomedical Research Institute and Yale University have identified a new target area in the human genome that appears to harbor genes with a major role in the onset of depression

Abnormal melatonin secretion not linked to pineal volume in BD patients Results from a French study suggest that abnormal melatonin secretion in patients with bipolar disorder (BD) is not associated with abnormal volume of the pineal gland

A novel early intervention for preschool depression: findings from a pilot randomized controlled trial Validation for depression in preschool children has been established; however, to date no empirical investigations of interventions for the early onset disorder have been conducted

A Primary Care Focus on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder in Adults Major depressive disorder (MDD), a highly prevalent psychiatric condition, is encountered in 1 of every 10 to 20 patients seen in the primary care setting

Study confirms BD link to creativity Individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) are significantly more likely to work in creative occupations than those without the mental health disorder, research confirms

Risk Of Suicide In Men With Prostate Cancer Could Be Lowered By New Findings Men with prostate cancer are twice as likely to commit suicide, but a method where they put intrusive thoughts into words may reduce this risk, reveals research

Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor Antidepressants and the Risk of Falls in Older People: Case-Control and Case-Series Analysis of a Large UK Primary Care Database Antidepressant medications have long been implicated as a cause of falls in older people, but there are few data on the risk of falls associated with exposure to serotonin-norepinephrine (noradrenaline) reuptake inhibitors

Lateral ventricle volume increased in BD patients with psychosis Adolescents and adults with bipolar disorder (BD) with psychotic symptoms exhibit increased lateral ventricle volume (LVV) relative to those without psychosis and mentally healthy individuals, results from an imaging study show

Dual Diagnosishealthy individuals, results from an imaging study show Co-morbid PTSD and suicidality in individuals with

Co-morbid PTSD and suicidality in individuals with schizophrenia and substance and alcohol abuse Suicide risk is high in schizophrenic patients and is further elevated in dual diagnosis patients. Suicide behaviour is a continuum from ideation, plans to attempts

A systematic review of interventions for co-occurring substance use disorder and borderline personality disorder Rates of borderline personality disorder among individuals with substance use disorder are estimated to be as high as 65%

Clinical Barriers to Effective Pharmacotherapy in Co-occurring Psychiatric and Substance Use Disorders Prescribing medications to patients with cooccurring psychiatric and substance use disorders often evokes distressing emotional responses from both clinician and patient that affect the delivery of appropriate pharmacological treatment

Illicit drug use severity linked to outcomes in schizophrenia patients Schizophrenia patients who are moderate or severe users of illicit substances have significantly poorer outcomes than those who are either mild users or abstainers in terms of psychosis symptoms, depression, and quality of life

Eating Disordersterms of psychosis symptoms, depression, and quality of life Do Deficits In Brain Cannabinoids Contribute To

Do Deficits In Brain Cannabinoids Contribute To Eating Disorders? A new report in Biological Psychiatry suggests that deficits in endocannabinoid function may contribute to anorexia nervosa and bulimia

Carer's experience and perceived effects of a skills based training programme for families of people with eating disorders: A qualitative study The study examined the experience of carers of people with eating disorders after having participated in a skills-based training programme that incorporated five psycho-educational DVDs and book

Is anorexia nervosa a version of autism spectrum disorders? Similarities have been noted between cognitive profiles of anorexia nervosa and autism spectrum disorders

Prevalence of Personality Disorders and Their Clinical Correlates in Outpatient Adolescents With Anorexia Nervosa Objective: To evaluate personality disorder comorbidity and its clinical correlates in a sample of adolescents with anorexia nervosa and to compare them with similar studies on adults

nervosa and to compare them with similar studies on adults Forensic Psychiatry Criminal convictions among dependent

Forensic Psychiatry

Criminal convictions among dependent heroin users during a 3-year period prior to opioid maintenance treatment: A longitudinal national cohort study This study investigates frequency and types of criminal convictions among a national sample of heroin users during a 3-year period prior to opioid maintenance treatment

Pharmacological Management of Acute and Persistent Aggression in Forensic Psychiatry Settings Aggressive behaviour is common in forensic psychiatric settings. The aetiology of aggressive behaviour is multifactorial and can be driven by psychosis, impulsivity, psychopathy, intoxication, cognitive impairment, or a combination of all of these

The clinical reality of implementing formal risk assessment and management measures within high secure forensic care This paper describes the successful implementation of a formal violence risk assessment and management strategy within a high secure forensic care facility

Learning Disabilitiesstrategy within a high secure forensic care facility Evidence for a General ADHD Factor from a

Evidence for a General ADHD Factor from a Longitudinal General School Population Study Recent factor analytic studies in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have shown that hierarchical models provide a better fit of ADHD symptoms than correlated models

Differentiating High-Functioning Autism and Social Phobia Both high-functioning autism (HFA) and social phobia (SP) involve profound social interaction deficits. Although these disorders share some similar symptoms, they are conceptualized as distinct

Emotion, Intent and Voluntary Movement in Children with Autism. An Example: The Goal Directed Locomotion This article focuses on the impact of intentionality on goal directed locomotion in healthy and autistic children

An anxious time? Exploring the nature of worries experienced by young people with a mild to moderate intellectual disability as they make the transition to adulthood Transition to adulthood can be a challenging time for all young people. However, this period of change is likely to be more difficult for those with mild intellectual disabilities (IDs) because they are often more socially marginalized, remain more dependent upon their family, and have fewer options for future careers than their typically developing peers

Parental report of sleep problems in Down syndrome Children with Down syndrome (DS) suffer from sleep problems, including sleep maintenance problems, as well as snoring, and other symptoms of disordered breathing. To examine sleep in DS, we gave parents a questionnaire assessing their child's sleep

Identifying the barriers and facilitators to participation in physical activity for children with Down syndrome Many children with Down syndrome do not undertake the recommended amount of daily physical activity. The aim of this study was to explore the barriers and facilitators to physical activity for this group

Little Evidence of Heart Risks From ADHD Meds But appropriate screening, monitoring recommended, researchers say

Behavioral interventions in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder: a review of recent findings The study provides an overview of recent studies on behavioral interventions for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder

Nursing Research Sources of Stress for Family Members of Nursing Home Residents With Advanced Dementia

Nursing Research

Sources of Stress for Family Members of Nursing Home Residents With Advanced Dementia The sources of stress for families of nursing home (NH) residents with advanced dementia have not been well described

Description of the behaviour of wandering in people with dementia living in nursing homes - a review of the literature The aim of the international literature review is the clarification of wandering as a behaviour of people with dementia in nursing homes

Nurses' role in caring for people with a comorbidity of mental illness and intellectual disability: A literature review This article examines literature on the role of the nurse caring for people with a dual disability of intellectual disability and mental illness

Why are some patients admitted to psychiatric hospital while others are not? A study assessing risk during the admission interview and relationship to outcome The aim of this study was to determine what patient characteristics are used to decide whether a patient is or is not admitted to a psychiatric hospital, and what happens to those not admitted

Obsessive Compulsive Disorders

Obsessive Compulsive Disorders

An explorative study on metacognition in obsessive-compulsive disorder and panic disorder To test the hypothesis that dysfunctional metacognitions might be a general vulnerability factor for anxiety disorder, metacognitive beliefs among patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder, patients with panic disorder, and healthy subjects were studied

Obsessive-compulsive disorder with predominantly scrupulous symptoms: clinical and religious characteristics Scrupulosity is a relatively common but understudied subtype of obsessive-compulsive disorder characterized by religious or moral fears

disorder characterized by religious or moral fears Occupational Therapy Using Occupations to Improve Quality of

Occupational Therapy

Using Occupations to Improve Quality of Life, Health and Wellness, and Client and Caregiver Satisfaction for People With Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias An evidence-based review was undertaken to answer the question, “What is the evidence for the effect of interventions designed to establish, modify, and maintain activities of daily living

Methodology for the Systematic Reviews on Occupational Therapy for Adults With Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias Systematic reviews of literature relevant to adults with Alzheimer’s disease and their families are important to the practice of occupational therapy

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Psychological adjustment one year after the diagnosis of breast cancer: A prototype study of delayed post-traumatic stress disorder This study highlights the PTSD diagnosis as being highly relevant in oncology settings

Evidence for a psychotic posttraumatic stress disorder subtype based on the National Comorbidity Survey This study assessed the distribution of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and psychosis indicators among a large sample of individuals with a lifetime diagnosis of PTSD

Untreated Posttraumatic Stress Among Persons With Severe Mental Illness Despite Marked Trauma and Symptomatology The study examined the degree to which trauma was addressed among clients being treated for a severe mental illness and a substance use disorder at a community mental health center.

PsychologyPsychotic-like experiences in a community sample of 8000 children aged 9 to 11 years: an

an item response theory analysis Psychotic-like experiences in the general population are common, particularly in childhood, and may constitute part of a spectrum of normative development

Desisting and persisting gender dysphoria after childhood: A qualitative follow-up study The aim of this qualitative study was to obtain a better understanding of the developmental trajectories of persistence and desistence of childhood gender dysphoria and the psychosexual outcome of gender dysphoric children

Schizophreniaand the psychosexual outcome of gender dysphoric children Caregiver education improves long-term outcomes in

Caregiver education improves long-term outcomes in schizophrenia patients Caregiver psycho-education benefits patients with schizophrenia regarding long-term relapse rates and duration of hospital stay after relapse

Prevalence of violence risk factors in people at ultra-high risk of developing psychosis: a service audit The aim of this study was to provide an estimate of the cross-sectional prevalence of violence risk factors in those attending a routine clinical service for people at ultra-high risk of developing psychosis

The pain persists: How social exclusion affects individuals with schizophrenia Evidence suggests that ostracism exerts an immediate and painful threat to an individual's primary needs for belonging, meaningful existence, control, and self-esteem. Individuals with schizophrenia are particularly likely to experience the effects of ostracism, being amongst the most stigmatized of all the mental illnesses

Rubber Hand Illusion In Schizophrenia A study using a procedure called the rubber hand illusion has found striking new evidence that people experiencing schizophrenia have a weakened sense of body ownership and has produced the first case of a spontaneous, out-of-body experience in the laboratory

Illicit drug use severity linked to outcomes in schizophrenia patients Schizophrenia patients who are moderate or severe users of illicit substances have significantly poorer outcomes than those who are either mild users or abstainers in terms of psychosis symptoms, depression, and quality of life

Auditory verbal hallucinations linked to reduced executive function in general population Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) are associated with reduced levels of executive functioning and language performance in the general population

Social WorkRisk – need Assessment, Sentencing and Minority Ethnic Offenders in Britain There is widespread evidence

Riskneed Assessment, Sentencing and Minority Ethnic Offenders in Britain There is widespread evidence of different outcomes for people from different ethnic groups in the British criminal justice system

Family characteristics and long-term effects of childhood sexual abuse This study investigated the role of family variables in the development of psychological problems in childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors, contributing to the debate between the ‘abuse related’ perspective, which assumes a direct causal link between abuse and later problems, and the ‘family dysfunction’ perspective, which assumes that these problems are caused by the dysfunctional nature of families in which abuse occurs

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