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EJERCICIO NRO 1

1.

Calcular el valor de e

0.5

de la serie infinita

valor por calcular

ex 1 x

x 2 x3 x 4 x5 x6

2!
3!
4!
5!
6!

0.5
valor real

1.6487212707001300000

valor aproximado

Et

et%

ea%

0.648721271

39.346934028736700000%

1.5

0.148721271

9.020401043104990000%

33.333333333333300000%

1.625

0.023721271

1.438767796697070000%

7.692307692307690000%

1.645833333

0.002887937

0.175162255629090000%

1.265822784810120000%

1.6484375000000000000

0.000283771

0.017211562995586900%

0.157977883096371000%

1.6486979166666700000

2.3354E-05

0.001416493732238020%

0.015795293002684300%

1.6487196180555600000

1.65264E-06

0.000100237960297884%

0.001316257091329390%

1.6487211681547600000

1.02545E-07

0.000006219690874551%

0.000094018275270979%

1.6487212650359600000

5.66417E-09

0.000000343549035593%

0.000005876141859146%

10

1.6487212704182500000

2.81877E-10

0.000000017096715695%

0.000000326452319953%

11

1.6487212706873700000

1.27627E-11

0.000000000774095660%

0.000000016322620035%

12

1.6487212706996000000

5.30243E-13

0.000000000032160834%

0.000000000741934826%

13

1.6487212707001100000

2.06501E-14

0.000000000001252495%

0.000000000030908340%

14

1.6487212707001300000

1.11022E-15

0.000000000000067338%

0.000000000001185156%

15

1.6487212707001300000

4.44089E-16

0.000000000000026935%

0.000000000000040403%

16

1.6487212707001300000

4.44089E-16

0.000000000000026935%

0.000000000000000000%

17

1.6487212707001300000

4.44089E-16

0.000000000000026935%

0.000000000000000000%

Anlisis:
1. Fue necesario utilizar 14 trminos para lograr obtener el valor exacto al valor real,
pero para lograr encontrar el menor error t porcentual fue necesario utilizar para
la serie 17 trminos.
Mientras que el error relativo porcentual fue de 0.0^%. Utilizando siempre la
misma cantidad de decimales en este caso 20csig.

Ejercicio
2.- Calcular el valor de e -8.3 de la serie infinita
-8.3

0.0002485168271079520000000

Resultado
signo
-7.300000000000000000000
1
27.145000000000000000000
1
-68.152833333333300000000
-1
129.590170833333000000000
1
-198.663216083333000000000
-1
255.420635818056000000000
1
-282.993074293591000000000
-1
275.611149947243000000000
1
-239.546079074860000000000
-1
188.034421013485000000000
1
-134.594501780448000000000
-1
88.557169818689200000000
1
-53.916589740759900000000
-1
30.549996283770600000000
1
-16.188181316469600000000
-1
8.057248313655010000000
1
-3.780226152817610000000
-1
1.678164851166980000000
1
-0.706290166363129000000
-1
0.283258665911869000000
1
-0.107848729701583000000
-1
0.039705424098037500000
1
-0.013542379229651600000
-1
0.004872486087840870000
1
-0.001241249197566630000
-1
0.000710443220467299000
1
0.000110478514182794000
-1
0.000288325194974272000
1
0.000237424248402918000
-1
0.000251506843620993000
1
0.000247736342320670000
-1
0.000248714316095441000
1
0.000248468340873302000
-1
0.000248528387765765000
1
0.000248514148074124000
-1
0.000248517431114141000
1
0.000248516694648407000
-1

t %
293752684.74903%
-1092270161.30307%
2742393046.10773%
-5214533109.26968%
7993964308.65682%
-10277790452.80820%
11387290192.92890%
-11090230977.02330%
9639038546.37706%
-7566255158.04526%
5415921000.74613%
-3563417509.08458%
2169544770.26887%
-1229282866.77639%
651401759.05532%
-324203390.59488%
152121476.58728%
-67517212.16894%
28430215.02457%
-11387967.26074%
4349695.26155%
-1587695.59913%
554928.05929%
-186062.62258%
59946.28380%
-18587.32862%
5554.48557%
-1601.83793%
446.35121%
-120.31445%
31.40571%
-7.94670%
1.95102%
-0.46519%
0.10780%
-0.02430%
0.00533%

Valor a Calcular

n
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37

Valor verdadero

8.3

a %
12689%
13983%
15259%
16523%
17778%
19026%
20268%
21506%
22739%
23970%
25199%
26425%
27649%
28872%
30091%
31314%
32526%
33760%
34934%
36264%
37162%
39319%
37794%
49255%
27471%
-54306%
6168%
-2144%
560%
-152%
39%
-10%
2%
-1%
0%
0%

38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

0.000248516855508028000
0.000248516821273801000
0.000248516828377403000
0.000248516826939357000
0.000248516827223542000
0.000248516827168688000
0.000248516827179035000
0.000248516827177127000
0.000248516827177471000
0.000248516827177410000
0.000248516827177421000
0.000248516827177419000
0.000248516827177419000

1
-1
1
-1
1
-1
1
-1
1
-1
1
-1
1

-0.00114%
0.00023%
-0.00005%
0.00001%
0.00000%
0.00000%
0.00000%
0.00000%
0.00000%
0.00000%
0.00000%
0.00000%
0.00000%

0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%

n
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37

9.3
43.745
139.042833
336.785838
665.039224
1119.12308
1657.53679
2216.14101
2731.29824
3158.87874
3481.50766
3704.65933
3847.13309
3931.59968
3978.33786
4002.58329
4014.42076
4019.87915
4022.26361
4023.25316
4023.64426
4023.79182
4023.84507
4023.86348
4023.86959
4023.87155
4023.87215
4023.87232
4023.87237
4023.87239
4023.87239
4023.87239
4023.87239
4023.87239
4023.87239
4023.87239
4023.87239

Resultado
0.1075268817204300000
0.0228597554006172000
0.0071920283557704600
0.0029692459974656700
0.0015036707058551900
0.0008935567688319190
0.0006033048606746020
0.0004512348244922510
0.0003661262565425780
0.0003165680237758450
0.0002872318825403360
0.0002699303525091730
0.0002599338197134050
0.0002543493950181480
0.0002513612558446780
0.0002498386487673600
0.0002491019400860180
0.0002487636971346080
0.0002486162264803450
0.0002485550774829940
0.0002485309173628020
0.0002485218036285770
0.0002485185149233940
0.0002485173775997740
0.0002485170000106340
0.0002485168794728040
0.0002485168424186050
0.0002485168314346840
0.0002485168282910110
0.0002485168274212610
0.0002485168271883920
0.0002485168271279920
0.0002485168271128010
0.0002485168271090920
0.0002485168271082130
0.0002485168271080100
0.0002485168271079640

t %
a %
-4316744.509486360000%
-909847.386860741000% -37037.634408602100%
-279398.043563720000% -21784.851602087900%
-109478.669996695000% -14221.732931219000%
-50505.790426900200% -9746.650552568640%
-25955.584144158300% -6827.925861060070%
-14276.217739273500% -4811.032151021690%
-8157.113534056250% -3370.086436778610%
-4732.453363551860% -2324.568818237030%
-2738.293316385100% -1565.484478679490%
-1557.844427796720% -1021.340005018050%
-861.652937163853%
-640.962747254432%
-459.405213655574%
-384.579921411892%
-234.695089989312%
-219.557223435071%
-114.456182699054%
-118.878271968718%
-53.188416848484%
-60.943616403220%
-23.544199597088%
-29.574586255217%
-9.933734851237%
-13.596957888406%
-3.999703905368%
-5.931658458119%
-1.539146281855%
-2.460178965982%
-0.566973875136%
-0.972117290208%
-0.200248839611%
-0.366717692046%
-0.067915539646%
-0.132332401222%
-0.022151088460%
-0.045764349813%
-0.006957383286%
-0.015193694603%
-0.002107094816%
-0.004850287447%
-0.000616081158%
-0.001491013567%
-0.000174102194%
-0.000441978956%
-0.000047604774%
-0.000126497419%
-0.000012607157%
-0.000034997618%
-0.000003236827%
-0.000009370330%
-0.000000806398%
-0.000002430429%
-0.000000195108%
-0.000000611289%
-0.000000045880%
-0.000000149228%
-0.000000010492%
-0.000000035388%
-0.000000002334%
-0.000000008158%
-0.000000000504%
-0.000000001830%

38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

4023.87239
4023.87239
4023.87239
4023.87239
4023.87239
4023.87239
4023.87239
4023.87239
4023.87239
4023.87239
4023.87239
4023.87239
4023.87239

0.0002485168271079540
0.0002485168271079520
0.0002485168271079520
0.0002485168271079520
0.0002485168271079520
0.0002485168271079520
0.0002485168271079520
0.0002485168271079520
0.0002485168271079520
0.0002485168271079520
0.0002485168271079520
0.0002485168271079520
0.0002485168271079520

-0.000000000103%
-0.000000000017%
0.000000000000%
0.000000000002%
0.000000000004%
0.000000000004%
0.000000000004%
0.000000000004%
0.000000000004%
0.000000000004%
0.000000000004%
0.000000000004%
0.000000000004%

-0.000000000401%
-0.000000000085%
-0.000000000017%
-0.000000000002%
-0.000000000002%
0.000000000000%
0.000000000000%
0.000000000000%
0.000000000000%
0.000000000000%
0.000000000000%
0.000000000000%
0.000000000000%

Analisis:

1. Para encontrar un valor aproximado al valor real (0.0002485168271079520) se


requirieron aproximadamente 50 trminos utilizando la siguiente frmula :
dando como resultado 0.000248516827177419000. se

obtuvieron exactas 10 cifras significativas. Los errores conseguidos fueron de


o.o^% . por otro lado al utilizar la siguiente frmula:
si se
obtuvo una cifra exacta al valor real 0.0002485168271079520 y sus errores fueron
del 0%.

Ejercicio 3
f(x)=

1/(3-2x^2)

f(1.22)=

f'(x)=

43.10344828

4x/(3-2x^2)^2

f(1.22)=

9066.587396

x= 1.22
Funcion
f(x)= 1/(3-2x^2)
Valor Real= 43.10344828

Orden de
Derivada
0
1
2

Funcion Derivada
1/(3-2x^2)
4x/(3-2x^2)^2
12(2x^2+1)/(3-2x^2)^3

Derivada Evaluada Aproximacion Error Relativo


43.10344828
9066.587396
3821651.154

43.10344828
82203050.11
1.57076E+14

Error Porcentual

0
0.00%
82203007.01
190710976.26%
1.57076E+14 364415601982727.00%

Anlisis:
La recta x=1.22 es asntota vertical (AV) de f(x) si limx->a+ f(x) = inf o limx->a- f(x) = infinito.

Ea
100.00%
100.00%

Ejercicio nro 4
Polinomio
f(x)= x^3-5x^2+6x+0.55

x= 2.73

Valor Real= 0.011917

Orden de Derivada

Funcion Derivada

0
1
2
3

x^3-5x^2+6x+0.55
3x^2-10x+6
6x-10
6

Derivada Evaluada Aproximacion


0.0119170
1.0587000
6.3800000
6.0000000

ya que en el
al examinar el polinomio nos
polinomio se usaron
encontramos con el primer
2 (0.55) y en X se
error en cuanto al uso de
tienen 3cifras
cifras signiticativas
significativas (2.73)

0.0119170
2.9021680
26.6769190
47.0233360

Error Relativo

Error Porcentual

0.0000000
2.8902510
26.6650020
47.0114190

0.0000%
24253.1761%
223755.9956%
394490.3835%

Ea
99.58938%
89.12105%
43.26877%

x2
x4
x6
x8
x 10
cos( x ) 1

2!
4!
6!
8!
10 !
Funcion a evaluar

cos(x)

valor real

1.000000000000000

3.10

6.28318530717959

Valor calculado

signo

Et

et %

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19

1.000000000000000
-18.739208802178700
46.200185220489600
-39.256631986204100
20.988009385672500
-5.438247397701890
2.465288973616570
0.750898262527902
1.032904230983690
0.996521389841148
1.000301224041830
0.999978232974621
1.000001332931570
0.999999929931955
1.000000003196780
0.999999999872202
1.000000000004510
0.999999999999854
1.000000000000000

1
-1
1
-1
1
-1
1
-1
1
-1
1
-1
1
-1
1
-1
1
-1
1

0.000000000000000
19.739208802178700
-45.200185220489600
40.256631986204100
-19.988009385672500
6.438247397701890
-1.465288973616570
0.249101737472098
-0.032904230983693
0.003478610158852
-0.000301224041828
0.000021767025379
-0.000001332931566
0.000000070068045
-0.000000003196776
0.000000000127798
-0.000000000004509
0.000000000000146
0.000000000000000

0.00000000000000%
1973.92088021787000%
4520.01852204896000%
4025.66319862041000%
1998.80093856725000%
643.82473977018900%
146.52889736165700%
24.91017374720980%
3.29042309836933%
0.34786101588523%
0.03012240418276%
0.00217670253795%
0.00013329315656%
0.00000700680450%
0.00000031967757%
0.00000001277981%
0.00000000045093%
0.00000000001461%
0.00000000000000%

Solo obtuvimos el valor exacto al valor real 1

en el termini nro 19 y con errores de 0%

a %
0.000000000000000%
100.000000000000000%
56.329363019444500%
12.280096447163200%
101.403907760121000%
210.457305396607000%
339.384142897851000%
488.229126174081000%
657.050780477282000%
845.901652703427000%
1054.824873123090000%
1283.854874867640000%
1533.018974249840000%
1802.338740783690000%
2091.834863768130000%
2401.426544800940000%
2734.112172542840000%
2986.322188449850000%
#DIV/0!

x2
x4
x6
x8
x 10
cos( x ) 1

2!
4!
6!
8!
10 !
Funcion a evaluar

cos(x)

valor real

0.707106781186548

3.10

/4

0.78539816339745

Valor calculado

signo

Et

et %

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

1.000000000000000
0.691574862465958
0.707429206709773
0.707103214822846
0.707106805683294
0.707106781071925
0.707106781186936
0.707106781186546
0.707106781186547
0.707106781186547

1
-1
1
-1
1
-1
1
-1
1
-1

-0.292893218813452
0.015531918720590
-0.000322425523225
0.000003566363702
-0.000000024496747
0.000000000114623
-0.000000000000389
0.000000000000001
0.000000000000000
0.000000000000000

41.4213562373095000%
2.196545010433500%
0.045597854780071%
0.000504359991560%
0.000003464363132%
0.000000016210121%
0.000000000054969%
0.000000000000157%
0.000000000000000%
0.000000000000000%

analisis:

el termino 9 nos dio el valor casi


exacto al valor real, obteniendo
o% en los errores

a %
1785.750396215870000%
4717.211294320600000%
8940.735891647560000%
14458.519772466700000%
21271.605269504700000%
29389.602970579800000%
34910.000000000000000%
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!